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MERTHYR AND NEIGHBOURHOOD.

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MERTHYR AND NEIGHBOURHOOD. THE InoN TRADE.—Tlie following statement has beell firnished by a correspondent residing in this town. It has reference to the iron trade in 1847 :—Furnaces in blast in Scotland, 100, out of blast, 3L furnaces in blast in Staffordshire, 133, out of blast, 95; furnaces in blast in Wales, 170, out of blast, 22; total, 553. Total make of iron in Scotland, 510,O()() tons; in Staffordshire 7L0,00)tons; in Wales, 884.000 tons; total 2.091,000 tons. To make the above quantity of iron 14,429,000 tons of material have been consumed, and given employ- ment to about 100,000 men. DOWLAIS Irws WORKS.—The gloomy and distressing fears and anticipations of the inhabitants of Dowlais, and the locality, are daily and hourly increasing, that the days of these large and flourishing works are numbered. A few more days will remove every vestige of hope from the most credulous mind respecting the present company's real intention of removing, without any further delay, every portion of their immense and expensive plant. The work of destruction has already gone far—several miles of tram-plates have been taken up, and the plates have been melted;—six pits, with their engines, &c., have beeu taken up;—three blast furnaces have been blown out; and on this very day they are removing the blast pipes aud engines connected with the said furnaces and on the fourth of next month, eleven more furnaces will share the same fate. On the same day all the col- liers will be stopped, and the hand of the destroyer will be immediately applied to demolish one of the largest and finest coal-works in the country the openings at Cwm- bargoed have been the admiration and astonishment of all who have steu and examined them. Most of the medical gentlemen belonging to the establishment have received notice that they must depart, and so have most of the school-masters and school-mistresses in a word, every portion of these gigantic works, the largest in the known world, are now exhibiting visible symptoms of speedy dissolution. The distress, poverty, and misery which the stoppage of the Dowlais works must create, and spread far and wirle, are fearful and overwhelming to the mind to dw.ell upon. A TEA. PARTY.-On the 21st inst., the members of the Welsh Total Abstinence Society, of this town, held a tea party to celebrate the opening of the Temperance Hall, Glebeland, when about 400 partook of "the cnp that cheers but not inebriates;" during which, to the credit of the attendants in performing their respective functions be it said, everything was conducted with the greatest passible decorum and regularity. Afler tea a meeting was held, over which Mr. W. Watkins presided; wheu appropriate addresses were delivered, in English, by Messis. Maddy, Morgans, and Lyle,—and in Welsh by Messrs. Williams, Parry, and Lewis. At the close, :\1r. D. T. Williams proposed, seconded by Mr. J. Edwards, that the thanks of the meeting be returned to the several parties w.10 so kindly rendered their services on the occasion; after which the meeting broke up at a convenient hour, when every one present appeared to htfve been highly gratified at the proceedings. A SOLDIEII IN A SCRAPE. — These preservers of the public peace are uot always preservers of the public pro- perty, as appeared from a case tried at the Police Court on Monday, when three of the soldiers statioued at Dow- lais were charged with stealing sundry articles from a dwelling-house. T.vo of them were discharged, and the other committed to take his trial. Our readers will find other cases belonging to the Merthyr district iu our re- port of the adjourned Quarter Sessions. ♦ SWANSEA SAVINGS' BANK, 19th FEERUARV.—Deposit! received, £:>88 13s. IJ.; deposits repaid, £ 3lJ 18s. lOd.; notices to withdraw, £371 6s. 10d. Manager—Vlr. John Crow Richardson. TENDER MERCIES OF A POOR-LAW COLLECTOR.—A highly respectable correspondent has sent the following information. The matter certainly demands an explana- tion. "Oll Friday last an old Peninsular soldier, aged nearly eighty years, residing at Laadore, on the day after he bad buried his wife, who had been ill for a long series of years, was suddenly pounced upon by the overseer, ac- companied by two myraiidons in the shape of nolice-oiiicers, for a rate; and in spite of respectable bail being offered, his goods were taken away. At the sight of his old Bibl., being removed, the poor old soldier who had bravely fought the enemies of his country fainted away. From this, aud other circumstances, it would appear that these people have a peculiar propensity for wuat the poor Welshman sets the highest value up m, namely, his Bible andretigioas books. The Gloucester mail was delayed in its down trip to Swansea Tuesday, in consequence of the breaking down of the fore carriage soon after the coach left Neath. There were ou the mail at the time, several passengers, who, together with the letter bags, were sent on in flys, no furlher inconvenience than the delav having occurred.

PUBLIC MEETING AT ABERDARE.

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