ABERDARE RAILWAY. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, That an EXTRAORDINARY GENERAL MEETING of the Propiietors of the Aberdare Railway Company will be held at the WHITE LION INN, in the City of BRISTOL, on the FOURTEENTH day of MARCH next, at One o'clock in the Afternoon, specially for the purpose of submitting to the Proprietors of the said Company present at the said Extraordinary General Meeting a Draft of a Bill about to be introduced into Parliament, intituled "A Bill to authorize the Leasing of the Aber- dare Railway with the Branch Railway and works con- nected therewith to the Taff Vale Railway Company." Dated this First day of February, 1848. VAL. L. LEWES, Secretary.
SOUTH WALES RAILWAY. The sixth half-yearly general meeting of the proprietors of this company, was held pursuant to advertisement, at the Great Western Railway Station, Paddington, on Wed- nesday, the 23rd February, 1848. Charles Russell, Esq., in the chair. Resolved,- lst.-That the report of the directors now read be adopted and printed and circulated amongst the proprietors. 2nd.—That the undermentioned directors who now retire by rotation be re-elected, viz :—W. Mathews, Esq., A. F. Paull, Esq., R. Saunders, Esq., Lord Viscount Villiers, M.P. 3rd.-That Archibald Paull, Esq., be elected auditor in lieu of A. L. Gower, Esq., who resigns. 4th.—That the best thanks of the proprietors be given to the chairman and directors for their exertions in pro- moting the welfare of the company. REPORT OF DIRECTORS. The directors having given their most careful attention, during the late period of monetary pressure, to a prudent outlay ot the funds at their disposal, so as, on the one hand, to maintain their engagements with their contractors, and, on the other, to refrain from heavy calls on their pro- prietors, congratulate themselves that their efforts were successful, and the main object of meeting all liabilities, without any stoppage of the works in progress, has been accomplished without material prejudice, or even delay in the final completion of the line. The call which was made payable in July last, furnished the means of such progress, avoiding of course, any new engagements or payments which it was in the power of the board to defer, by which arrangements the directors were enabled to postpone until January, when the severity of the pressure had subsided, the demand upon the prprietors for further resources, and even then they limited the call to E3 per share. The engineer's report, which is annexed, will show, more in detail, the course which was adopted by the board to give this salutary relief; but it may be stated concisely here, that it seemed to the directors most wise and prudent, to apply the funds principally to the furtherance of the contracts to the eastward of Swansea, and of course in those parts to promote the steady construction of the heaviest works, so that the line from Gloucester, in con- tinuation of the Great Western Railway, should be finished at the earliest time. Next in succession, as being next also in importance, the works between Swansea and Carmarthen were made the subject of careful attention, in order to maintain such progress as the finances of the company could justily, and even beyond Carmarthen, it will be found, that although retarded, the works have proceeded according to the best means which could be employed for that object. The directors cannot, of course, be unmindful of the advantages which will ultimately accrue to the company by an early completion of the line, and the proprietors may rely on their steadily keeping that purpose in view. whde they feel it their duty to afford seasonable relief to the shareholders in making the calls as little onerous as pos- sible, especially in times of commercial embarrassment. As the time within which the act of incorporation limited the construction of the line, and the exercise of compulsory powers for the purchase of land will expire in August of this year, the directors deemed it necessary to give the requisite notices for obtaining parliamentary powers to extend the period, but a general act having been passed to accomplish the same object, it has not been necessary for the company to make special application to Parliament in this case, but a memorial in the prescribed form has been presented to the railway commissioners, praying to be allowed the privileges of the general act, which will no doubt be complied with. In pursuance of the assurance given by the directors at the meetings in February and August last, application is being made to Parliament this Session, for po^er raise during the construction of the line the rate of interest on calls paid np, from 4 to 5 per cent. per annum this is the sole object of the bill now in progress, and it is one which in justice to the reasonable expectation of the proprietary, the directors will omit no exertion to accomplish. The following directors retire by rotation and being eligible for re-election offer themselves accordingly — William Mathews, Esq., A. F. Paull, Esq., Robert Saunders, Esq., Lord Villiers, M.P. A. L. Gower, Esq., is the auditor who retires on this occasion, and as he does not offer himself for re-election (which your directors regret) it will be necessary for the proprietors at this meeting to appoint his successor. CHARLES RUSSELL, Chairman. ENGINEER'S REPORT. 2-ind February, 1848. Gentlemen,—It is almost unnecessary that I should mention, that during the last half-year, circumstances have combined materially to retard the general progress of the works. In order to prevent so large a demand for money as would necessarily have resulted from the vigorous prosecution of the works under the arrangements made early in the last year, it has been my duty, not merely to avoid pressing the contractors to proceed at the rates re- quired by the contracts with those works actually com- menced, but to postpone the commencement of others. Every endeavour has been made to effect the object in view, namely, the reduction of expenditure, with the least possible deraugement of the equal, and proportionate ad- vance of the different portions; but in a line of such extent, embracing so many works of such very various character, this has been possible only to a very limited extent; and some parts will therefore unavoidably be much more in arrear than others, or some will be completed before they can be rendered available. Generally speaking, however, those works upon which there might be supposed to De most chance of contin- gencies or unforseen difficulties have been proceeded wiih and sufficiently so, to render their completion certain, and to remove any doubts. Of the Swansea Tunnel, about one-third has been com- pleted, and, although the progress has been slow, the rate may be much increased, and no new difficulties or expenses can be now anticipated. The heavy works between Neath and Swansea, are also in a forward state. The Newport Tunnel and adjoining works, which may be considered as next in magnitude and difficulty, are nearly completed. The rock cuttings in the neighbour- hood of Chepstow, are also in a forward state, and gene- rally the works between Chepstow and Cardiff, are in a state to allow of being completed, and opened this year, should it be considered desirable, and to Swansea in the following spring. East of Chepstow, the utility of open- ing the line, must depend upon the completion of the Gloucester and Dean Forest Railway under present ar- rangements, it is probable that the works may be com- pleted in the course of the summer of 1849. Beyond Swansea, to Llanelly, the works are in such a state that they might be completed at the same time, as those from Cardiff to Swansea. Beyond Llanelly, but more particularly beyond Car- marthen, more delay has resulted from the causes before reterred to. The works are, however, in progress to a short distance beyond the Junction, with the Havertord- west Branch. I am, Gentlemen, your obedient servant, 1. K. BauNEL. ♦ LLYNVI VALLEY.—At the half-yearly meeting of this company, held yesterday in London, a dividend at the rate of five per cent- was agreed to. The following gentlemen, who were directors of the Duffryn, Llynvi, and Porth Cawl Railway, had taken their seats at the board of this company, in compliance with a special clause to that effect in the Amalgamation Act, viz Sir Robert Price, Bart., M.P. John Halcomb, Esq. David Halkett, Esq., and M. P. Smith, Esq. The receipts up to the 31st Dec. were £ 109,345, and the payments £ 107,032 9s. I0d.; leaving a balance of £ 2312 10s. 2d.
IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. r HOUSE OF LORDS.—THURSDAY. The Marquis of Lansdownc moved the spcond trading of the Diplomatic Relations with the Court of Rome hill, the objcct of which is to remove the obstacles in the way of establishing diplomatic relations with that Court. The notite Marquis explained at great length the reasons which had in- ilueed the Government 10 bring forward the present measure; and concluded by stating that the bill applied itself to that object alone, which must prove beneficial dtirinK pcace, and also in time of war, in fact. upon every consideration it was most desirable that the Court of Komi* should h- incorporated with the general syslem of diplomatic intercourse which ex, isted with regard to all other countries. The Duke of Newcastle moved, as an amendment, that the bill be read a second time that day six months. The Bishop of Winchester, the Bishop of Exeter, the Karl of Eldou, and the Duke of Richmond also opposed the bill. The Bishop of St. David's supported the bill, which he considered to be no innovation or substantial interference with the existing law. Lord Stanley said no consideration of policy or expediency could have induced him to agree to the second reading of the bill, if he thought it would recognise the authority of the Sovereign of the Roman States in this country; but he did not think it would he IIny dereliction of the spirit of the revolution, of the Bill of Rights, or of the Act of Settlement, and therefore he should give his consent to the second reading. u The Duke of Newcastle then withdrew his amendment, and the bill was read a second time. FRIDAY. DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH ROMEBILI The house having resolved into Committee on thisbiII, on the surest i..n of Lord Stanley, the allusion in the preamble to the" Bill of Rights and the Act of Settlement was struck out. The Earl of Kglintoun proposed to introduce a clause to the effect that no Ambassador should be received in this country from Rome who was in holy orders, or a Jesuit, or a minister of any other religious order or community bound by monastic or religious vows in connection with the Church of Rome. This clause was opposed by the Marquis of Lansdowrie, Lord Beaumont, the Karl ot Shrewsbury, the Marquis of Clanricarde, and Lord Campbell; and supported by the Earl of Aberdeen, Lord Stanley, the Duke of Richmond, and the Karl of Harrowby. The Duke of Wellington considered that the terms di- plomatic relations" in the bill put an end to specifying the denomination of the party. It was for the Sovereign to decide who should or who should not be received as an Ambassador. The Committee then divided, and the clause was carried by a majority of three, the numbers beinj—for the clause 67 against it 64. The Duke of Wellington then proposed an amendment declaratory of the compctence of the Crown to establish diplomatic relations with the Court of Rome, notwithstanding the ancient laws of this realm; which was adopted by the Government, and incorporated with the preamble of the bill Lord Redesdale moved a clause to the effect that before any diplomatic relations were entered into witn the Court of Rome by this country, the Pope should renounce all pretensions to temporal power in the dominions of her Majesty. This clause was opposed by the Marquis of Lansdowne. and after a short conversation was withdrawn; and the bill having passed through Committee was ordered to be reported on Monday, to which day their lordships then adjourned. MONDAY. The report on the bill for opening diplomatic relations with Rome was received. No other business of importance was transacted. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—THURSDAY. Sir J. S. (Jakington brought up the Report of the Committee on the Great Marlow Election, which stated that Mr. T. P. Williams and Colonel Knox, the sitting members, had been duly returned. Mr. Herries, in conformity with the notice he had given. and in an explanatory speech, moved the following resolu- tions :—" That, looking to the state of distress which has for some time prevailed among the commercial classes, and to the general feeling of distrust and alarm by which the em- barrassments of trade have been aggravated, it is the opinioa of this house that her Majesty's Ministers were justified, during the recess of Parliament, in recommending to the Bank of England, for the purpose of restoring confidence, a course of proceedings at variance with the restrictions im- posed by the Act 7 and 8 Vict., e. 32, that the house do resolve itself inlo a committee upon tbe said Act, and propose a resolution when in committee to the following effect:—That it is expedient that the limitations imposed by Ithe Act 7 and 8 Vict., c. 32, upon the Bank of Eng- land, and by the Act 8 and 9 Vict., c. 46 and 47, in relation to the issue ef notes payable on demand, be suspended, sub- ject to snch conditions as may be provided by any Act to be passed for Ihat purpose." The second and third resolutions were opposed by the Chancellor of the Exchequer and Mr. Lahouehere and sup- ported by Mr. Alderman Thompson, Mr. VV. Brown, Mr. Hudson, Mr. Macaregor, Mr. Masterman, Mr. Hume, Colonel Thompson, and Mr. Muntz. The first resolution was agreed to; on the second, for a Committee of the whole house, a division took place, tht: numbers heing-for the motion, 122; against it, 163—majority against going into Committee, 41. FRIDAY. The Speaker took the chair at four o'clock. The Worcester New Gas-light and several other private bills were read a second time. An immense number of petitions on different subjects were presented. THE BUDGET. On the motion of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the house resolved into a Committee of Ways and Means, and a vote of £8.000,000 towards the supplies of the year having been agreed to. Lord John Russell rose, pursuant to notice, to make his fin- ancial statement for the year. The noble Lord commenced by saying that he felt his strength so unequal to perform ade- quately tbe important task he had undertaken that he bel ieved he should best perform that duty by laying before the house ad outline of the financial policy of the Government, leaving to future discussions the greater part of the arguments requi- site to enforce that pohcy and the measures whic.'i he should feel it his duty to propose to the Committee to adopt. The noble Lord then alluded to the recent difficulties through which the country had passed, stated the enormous transitions which had taken place in the value of commodities and in the rate of discounts within the last eighteen months, and also drew attention to the amount of bullion in the Bank of bnglaud at the periods corresponding with each transition, iu order to show tbe severity of the pressure upon tbe mercantile community and the inevitable consequence to the revenue, which had also materially suffered owing to the decrease of the manufacturing prosperity of the country, and the con- sequent dec: ease in the consulOption of excisable commodities. Owing to the commercial vicissitudes in April last, and again in October, the greatest houses, if they bad not hem com- pelled to give way, had, at all events, suffered tbe grealest josses; and this misfortune, in conjunction with the famine 10 Ireland, had been seriously detrimental to the revenue. In fact, the balance sheet of this yt;ar showed an excess of expenditure over income of more than £ 2,500,000; of which however £1,500,000 was for the relief in Ireland. The esti- mates for last year were £52,550,000. For this year be esti- jnated, from the ordinary sources of revenue, only £ 51,250,0i')0, leaving a deficiency which, with the increased expenditure for the Navy, and the Kaffi, war, would amount to £l," I 1,000. He felt it his dItty to lay this state tlf things before tbo house in order that hon. members might have sufficient time to take the whole matter into consideiation before they came to the consideration of the estimates. There were various courses open to them to pursue to meet this deficiency but all he pro- posed to do on that occasion was, to state the course which seemed to the Government the one most advisable to be sub- mitted to the consideiation of the house when deciding whe- ther that course or any other should be acted on. One great question they must decide upon either they must supply the deficiency he had laid before them by taxation, or they must come to the resolution of making great reductions in their llUIHaryestablishments, Some extreme opinions had receutly been put forth respecting the defences of the country. On the one hand it was said that we were defenceless against foreign incursion, while, on the other hand it was maintained that onr establishments were on too high a scale of expenditure, In considering this question he would at once state that there was nothing in our foreign relations whicb would lead us to fear a rupture of the existing peace. No one was more 1111- pressed than himself with the benefits of preserving peace, and more particularly with Frauce, and nothing could be further from the thoughts of the Duke of VVelliugion thau hinting at the possibility of war. Indeed, he knew it gave the illustrious Duke great pain to find that publicity had been given to those opinions which he had expressed in confidence. The noble Lord then proceeded to state all that had been done in the way of increasing the establishments of the coun- try since the year 1S35, in order to show that neither the Government nor Parliament had been negligent. The late Government had organized the old pensioners to the number of 50,000 men, at all times available, and in addition to these they had the dock-yard battalions and the coast-guard, to which were attached a supplemental force of 6000 men. In additiou to all these, the regular force of the country, amount- ing to 65,009 men in Great Britain and Ireland, would he in. creased to 00,000 by the return of some regiments from India. The question then arose as to whether they should make a great reduction in this force, or largely increase it, or coutinue it, adding to its present strength from tune to time as they had hitherto done and as occasioll uught require, and be sauslled with those additions. The view of the Government was that this great country, with its extensive colonies, aud exposed to the possibility of war, would not act wisely iu reducing its ex- penditure within the limit of its income. Ou the other baud, he could see no reason for any sudden armament of any kind, because at the present moment the nation was ill a fit state 01 defence, and in a position calculated to guarantee the con. tinuance of peace. The noble Loid then entered into a state- ment of the naval strength of the country, particularly iu steam, aud remarked, that although the adoption of steam navigation gave greater facilities lor the invasion of Grt*at Britain, it also gave to this country greater advantages U1 watching the ports of ils. enemies. He did not propose any increase to the number of the army, but in the sappers and miners an increase would take place, the result of which, in- cluding stores aud other necessaries, would swell the estimate by the sum of £358,000. lie proposed also to bring 1U a bill to embody the militia, or rather to lay a foundation for an efficient militia, the expense of which would be £1;>0,00°: Iu addition to the usual sources of expenditure was a sum of £I,IOO,OOU for the Kaffir war, and all added together he could not estimate the expenditure of the coining year at less than £ä4.õ96,OOO. It was evident, therefore, that if the Govern- ment was right in its view ot the impolicy of reducing largely the establishments of the country, they must not only renew the income-tax, but they must also resort to additional tax- ation to make up the deficiency of income to meet the expen- diture. Any attempt to raise revenue by re-imposing the taxes taken off articles of consumption, would, in his opinion, be very unwise. The Government, therefore, proposed to re- oew the present income.-tax for a period of live yeais from April next, and in additiou, that the tax should be raised for a period of two years from seven pence in the pound to one shilling, or from three to five per, cent. ConsIderIng the dis- tress which had recently prevailed in Ireland, he did not propose to extend the tax to that country. He did not think this unjust to England, for If lrelaoll wert: crushed by Ii weight of taxation, the result to England would be almost equally deplorable. He proposed that the tax thould be IID- posed In the same manner as it had been iu past years, and on the same principles which governed its application in the days of Pitt and Grenville. There was one tax which it was pro- posed to repeal-the tax on copper ore, which had been im- posed iu 1842. The tax bad done much injury to the smelters, and had beeu of no benefit to the owners of copper mines, and as it produced only Jt.41,000, it was thought advisable to pro- pose ita abolitiou. t he total income, including the 1Dc:.reased income-tax, would be, according tQ bis e8Um.te, ,£Q4,100,OOO whit" the expenditure would be £.H,637.000,leavin!! a surplus (a laugh). The noble Lord concluded hy moving I a series of resolutions in accordance with his speech, and in- timated that on Monday sc'nnight he would aeain move for a Committee of Ways and Means iu order to take the of the house upon them. A lengthened conversation ensued, in the course of which Mr. Thme, Mr. Hankes, Mr. G. Osborne, th^ Marquis of I Granby, Mr. Robinson, Ilr. K. Baring. Nir. D'lsracli, and M r. Cobdcn expressed their decided objection to the proposed increase of the income-tax. —Sir R. H. In!1is supported tiie proposition of the Government; and intimated that in com- inittee he would impress upon ministers the necessity of allow in? the first £ 150 of all incomes to go untaxed I Sir B. Hall-with reference to a remark made by tlie Mnrquis of Granby said, he entirely agreed with the noble lord in what he had said with respect to the noble lord's (Lord J. Rus- sel's) observation, that he was prepared to maintain the in- dependence of the country. He agreed with him most entirely in that sentiment; but bethought, looking at the position in which they now stood, that they could well afford to let matters remain as they were. lie did n >t see that (here was anything to apprehend from foreign n vasion, nor did he hear any threats of invasion (hear, hear). lie thought when they looked at the condition of the people, and the amount of pauperism which existed, not in the metropolis only, but all throughout the kingdom, that this was not the time for enlarging the expenditure of the country and ill- creasing taxation (hear, hear). The noble lord did not offer the reduction of one single except a miserable one on copper ore, which few persons careil about—a tax that might affect a few individuals, but not the large portion of the people, and, therefore one that ought to have been the 1 a t to be repealed (hear. hear). But one of the worst features of the noble lord's proposition was the increase of the in- come-tax for two years, at the end of which period an op- portunity would no doubt be given for the ti"vnnlllelll to coiae down and propose another increase (hear). Indeed, it would be bcltu if the noble lord would at once state fairly that this increase was to last, not for two years, hut for the whole five. He voted against the proposal of the iucome-tax on every division that took place; and he was certainly sur- prised when he heard the noble lord propose an increase of that tax. But what surprised him still more was, that the income-tax wtis to continue in precisely the same state as it was now (hear, heat). "Onfc great cause of the unpopularity of the tax was the unfair way in which it was levied and therefore the proposal to continue it on the s,tine footing as at present would causc the greatest dissatisfaction (hear). If the noble lord found it necessary to continue the income- tax, why did he not bring forward an equitable measure by which the tax would have be-n more justly levied, so that the class of shopkeepers and others could not he called uuon to pay in the same proportion as the large landed proprietors 1 (hear, hear), When this proposed increase was submitted to the house he would give it the same oppo i ion as before (hear). The noble lord had just stated that he thought it just that the income-tax should be extended to the sister country. lie need scarcely say that, whenever the noble lord thought it right to bring forward a measure for extending it to the sister country, he would have great pleasure in supporting it (hear, hear). After a few remarks from Viscount Ilatinerston, the. Chair- man reported progress, and obtained leave to sit again. The house having resumed, the New Zealand bill was read the third time aud passed. The other orders of the day were then disposed of, and the house was adjourned shortly before one o'clock. MONDA Y. The Chancellor of the Exchequer, in a committee of sup- ply, adverted to the notice given ny Mr. Hume late ou Friday evening. He observed that it was impossible for Government to accede to s'lch a proposition, as the regular course was to vote supplies before it considered ill a committee of ways and means how they were to be raised by taxatiou. He pro- ceeded to say that Lord John Russell's budget was not a war budget." Increased taxation was not Caused by mili- tary preparations, neither were these preparations to be con- tinued. Government had done nothing, neither would it do anything which was not conducive to the peace of linrope Mr. Hume was glad to hear that the speech of l,ord John Russell was not a war speech; but if it was not to be con- sidered warlike, its lone and temper were very much so. In the course of the discussion Lord John Uussell said that he certainly should persist in asking the house on Monday next to asseui to his budget. As we liad.a deficiency in our revenue to meet expenditure amounting to £ i,Ot)i),UOO or £ 3,00J,000. it would be necessary to meet it wi h increased taxation. If he c'luld suppose that the hoase could effect, a reduction of £ 3,000,000 on the estimates, he could then go on without any increase of the property lax but he couid not suppose that any such reduction would be m ide. The Go- vernment did not wish to get rid of any responsibility which belonged to it. The remainder of the evening was occupied in going through the various estimates. THE TREDEGAR HOUNDS WILL MEET On Wednesday.. Mar. 1. at Ebbw Bridge. Friday 3. at Penyland White Gate. EACH DAY AT III O'CLOCK.
TO THB EDITl>R OF THE "CARDIFF AND MERTHYR GUARDIAN." SIR, YOU will perceive by the enclosed Correspondence, JL which I beg you to publish with this Letter, that a report very injurious to the Dowlais Iron Company has got into circulation at Merthyr. I therefore take this opportunity of giving it, through y our respectable journal, the most explicit denial. So far from the Dowlais Company having induced any parties to build houses on their lands, under any assu- rance of the renewal of the Lease of Lord Bute's Minerals, they have for a number of years done all in their power (short of positively refusing to lease their lands) to prevent any outlay on so precarious a tenure and dm in- the last two years they have even resorted to this last alternative. I am, Sir, Your most obedient servant, E. J. HUTCHINS. Dowlais, February 24, 1848. Dowlais, February 23, 1848. SIR,—I have been informed, upon what I cannot but consider good authority, that about a week ago, at the public bar of the Bush Hotel, you used language to the following effect: That the Dowlais Co. had, up to a very late period, induced their workmen and other parties to invest money in building houses at Dowlais, under the assurance that the lease would unquestionably be renewed." I wish to know whether you admit or deny the use of this language, or of expressions of a similar purport. You will oblige me by sending an answer by the bearer. I nm, Sir, Your very obedient servant, W. Thomas, Esq., E. J. HUTCHINS. Court House, Merthyr. The Court House, Feb. 23, 1848. SIR,—I have received yours of this day's date, wishing to know whether I used language to the following effect: —" That the Dowlais Company had, up to a late period, induced their workmen and other parties to invest money in building houses at Dowlais, under the assurance that the lease would be unquestionably renewed." In answer to which I have to state that I deny having made use of such language, or of expressions of a similar import. I am, Sir, Your very obedient servant, E. J. Hutchins, Esq. WM. THOMAS. Dowlais House, February 24, 1848. SIR,—I have received your Letter denying the expres- sions which have been attributed to you. As the report, the subject of our correspondence, has been industriously circulated, and the authorship of it generally fixed upon you, I feel myself under the necessity of publishing our correspondence. I am, Sir, Your very obedient servant, William Thomas, Esq., E. J. HUTCHINS. Court House, Merthyr. THE REPORTS. PUBLIC MEETING AT ABERDARE. AT a Public Meeting of the Parishioners and Inhabi- tants of ABERDARE, held on the Evening of February 23rd, DAVID WILLIAMS, ESQ., IN THE CHAIR, to take into consideration the Evidence of the Reverend J. GRIFFITH, Vicar, contained in the Report of the Commissioners on Education in Wales," respecting the State of Education and Morals in Aberdare, It was moved by Rev. Thomas Price, Baptist Minister, and seconded by Mr. Dd. Davies, Jun.— I. That this Meeting having heard read the Evidence of the Rev. J. Griffith, Vicar, contained in the • Report of the Commissioners on Education in Wales,' respecting the State of Morals and Educatioa in the Parish of Aberdare, feels surprised that he, being then a stranger —having resided but a few days amongst us—should have deemed himself competent to furnish the information requested by the Commissioner; while at the same time it begs most distinctly to deny the whole of his statements, if they are intended as a description of the character, position, knowledge, habits, and general deportment of the inhabitants of this place, they being, as general state- ments, utterly void of truth: and this Meeting further begs to express its decided disapprobation of his conduct." Moved by Rev. W. Edwards, seconded by W. Lewis, Miner— II. "That this Meeting, while anxious for a better system of Education in the place, still considers the Report of Mr. Lingen incorrect, unfair, and sectarian it being founded on the evidence of persons adverse to the feelings and wishes of the vast majority of the Inhabi- tants of this parish, and strongly prejudiced in favour of one particular Church, while statements made by others have been entirely suppressed." Moved by Mr. W. Thomas, seconded by Rev. David Price— III. That should the contents of these Reports be brought under the notice of Parliament, this Meeting respectfully but earnestly desires Sir J. GUEST, the wor- thy Representative of this place, in his place in the House of Commons, to give a direct contradiction to the state- ments made therein concerning the people of Aberdare." Moved by W. Williams, seconded by E. Richards— IV. That this Meeting is of opinion that the evi- dence of the Rev. J. Griffith, together with that of Thos. W. Booker, Esq Melyn Griffith, should be printed in the Welsh Language, and circulated in the Parish, it being but fair that Mr. Griffith should tell his Parish- ioners in their own Language, what he has already told the Government, respecting their state of Morals, and it being but fair that Welshmen should know of the excel- lent character given them by Mr. Booker, he being an Englishman and an extensive employer in this County." Moved by Rev. B. Evans, seconded by Mr. David Williams- That a copy of these Resolutions be sent to The Committee of Council on Education," to Lord John Russell; and that they should be advertised in the 4 Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian,' the Principality,' and the 'Times' Newspapers." All the Resolutions were unanimously adopted. DAVID WILLIAMS, Chairman. The Rev. W. Williams moved, and P. Johns seconded, a vote of Thanks to the Chairman, which was carried nem con. A quantity of well-harvested HAY for Sale. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BT HoR. WILLIAM JONES, On MONDAY, the fith day of MARCH next, in a Field near FFRWDQRBCH LODGE, within two miles of the Town of Brecon, THREE RICKS of well-ended HAY, and part of a _L Rick of Hay, as well as Two other Ricks, standing in a Field called Cae Barnett, near the Held Farm, and about a quarter of a mile distant from the first-mentioned. The same will be sold in convenient lots to suit pur- chasers, and Three Months' Credit will be given on approved Security. The Sale will commence precisely at Two o'clock in the afternoon. Brecon, 21st February, 1848. LLANDAFF. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY MR. THOMAS DAVIBS, At the COLLEGE FARM, near Llandaff, on TUESDAY, the 7th day of MARCH next, in Six Lots, SIX RICKS of prime well-harvested HAY, together about 130 Tons. For further particulars apply to the Auctioneer, Bush Inn, Merthyr-Tydvil. Merthyr, 22nd Feb., 1848. CARMARTHEN. TWO VALUABLE DRAPERY CONCERNS TO BE DISPOSED OF. MESSRS. BRADLEY, BARNARD, AND CO. HAVE received instructions from the Trustees to the Estate of Mr. JOHN MORGAN, to SELL BY TENDER, the Two valuable DRAPERY CONCERNS carried on by him in LAMMAS-STREET and KING- STREET, CARMARTHEN. The Stocks consists of Broad Cloths, Beavers, Pilots, Tweeds, Petershams, Kerseymeres, Doeskins, Gam- broons, Cords, Fustians, Moleskins, Vestings, Cotton and Silk Velvets, Velveteens, Camblets, Jeans, Grand- rills, Baizes, Paddings, Canvass, Coat Edgings, Twist, Silk, Braids, Casbons, Silesias, and a great variety of Buttons and Tailors' Trimmings; Woollen Plaids; Nor- wich, Paisley, and Wool Shawls; 9-8, 5-4, and 7-8 Prints; Delaines, Cashmeres, Printed Druggets, Stair Carpeting and Covering, Ginghams, Printed Handker- chiefs and Neckerchiefs, Mufflers, Silk Handkerchiefs, Stocks, Fronts and Collars, Hosiery, Gloves, Ribands, Lace, Calicoes, Irish Linens, Sheetings, Diapers, Lawns, Ducks, Dowlases, Hollands, Ticks, Hessians, Stripe Cottons, Checks, Flannels, Serges, Blankets, Quilts, Counterpanes, Sheets, Cheese Cloths, Hats, Caps, and a general assortment of Haberdashery, &c. The amount ot the Stock in King-street will be about £1500, and that in Lammas-street £1000. A large and increasing trade has been carried on by Mr. Morgan in both places. The situations are unex- ceptionable, and a rare opportunity is thus presented to persons desirous of embarking in business in a town of the first importance in South Wales. Both Stocks, with Inventories and Conditions, will be on view OR Wednesday and Thursday, the 8th and 9th of March next. The Stocks will be divided into Six Lots. Tenders will therefore be received for each Lot separately, or for one or more Lots together, or for either Stock and Business. All Tenders must be handed to the Brokers, on the Premises, in Carmarthen, on FRIDAY, the 10th day of MARCH next, by Eleven o'clock in the Forenoon, and at Twelve o'clock precisely the same will be opened in Lammas-street, aud the Purchaser declared. Every further information will be given on application to Messrs. M. BRITTAN & SONS, Solicitors, Biistol or to the Brokers, 27, Gresham-street, London, and Albion- Chambers, Bristol, DUKE-STREET, CARDIFF. IMMENSE SALE OF D RAP E RY. T. PRICE BEGS leave most respectfully to acquaint the Public that in consequence of his Premises having to undergo a complete change and most extensive alteration, he has determined (with a view to make room for an entire new assortment of Goods in accordance with his projected arrangements) to make a thorough clearance of his pre- sent Stock: it is therefore NOW SELLING OFF at an Immense Sacrifice. The Stock consists of Woollen Cloths, Moleskins, Kerseys, Corduroys, Prints and Ginghams, De-laiue; Oregon, Cachinere, Challi, and Gala Plaid Dresses French Merinoes, Cobourgs, Lustres, Orleans; Chintz Furnitures, Checks, Calicoes, Sheetings, Irish Linens; Carpets, Druggets; Hosiery, Gloves, &c. &c. &c. &c. A First-class Stock of Hats and Shawls. As this large and well-selected Stock is all to be sold off in a fortnight, under the above circumstances, it will present an excellent opportunity to buyers, who will thus effect an immense saving in their purchases. February 17th, 1848. ANOTHER BENEFIT FOR THE PUBLIC THIS assertion is easily to be proved by one trial, that the advantage to those who can spend their Ready Money is very considerable. W. FOSTER, ALBION HOUSE, HIGH-STREET, CARDIFF, Begs leave most respectfully to inform the Inhabitants of CARDIFF and its surrounding Neighbourhood, that in consequence of several of his fellow-tradesmen, of this Town, issuing Placards, Notices, &c. &c., of their Selling Off their different Stocks of Linen and Woollen Drapery, at a great sacrifice, he is induced to give his Friends and Supporters an opportunity rarely to be met with; and therefore begs to say that he will commence on SATUR- DAY NEXT, and continue for a Fortnight, disposing of his large and valuable Stock of SILKS, SHAWLS, LINEN and WOOLLEN DRAPERY, HATS, CAPS, &c. &c., at Prices that cannot fail to impress upon the Public that his Establishment is the Cheapest in Cardiff. Observe-ALBION HOUSE, No. 12, HIGH-STREET. February 24th, 1848. TO DRAPERS' ASSISTANTS. WANTED IMMEDIATELY, a steady YOUNG MAN, who thoroughly understands his Business. —Apply, stating Salary and References, to J. SAMUEL, Draper, Aberdare. [DUTY FREE. WANTED, A SCHOOL MISTRESS, for the WORKHOUSE of the NEWPORT UNION. Salary, £ 20 per annum, with rations in the House. Candidates are requested to attend the Board personally, with Testimonials, on SATURDAY, the 18TH OF MARCH next, when the Election will take place. Candidates who shall be known to have canvassed any of the Guardians for election to such office, will not be deemed eligible to be appointed thereto. By order of the Board, W. DOWNING EVANS, Dated Feb. 19th, 1848. Clerk. NATIONAL DEFENCES. BY WILLIAM MALINS. A PL AN submitted for the consideration of Govern- ment whereby any required Force of the heaviest Artillery and Troops may be concentrated at the point of danger, so as to arrest a hostile Fleet under the fire of Moveable Batteries, traversing on a Railroad at High- water-line of Coast, where assailable. The Electric Telegraph, carried along the same line, would convey notice of the approach of an enemy. From the Harbours of Refuge, Block-ships and Steamers might quickly arrive to attack the enemy in flank and rear," and thus between two fires destroy him. Published by J. RIDGWAY, Piccadilly. WEBBER, Cardiff. GLAMORGANSHIRE. TO BE LET, a WATER CORN GRIST MILL, near TAIBACH, with an Overshot Wheel, 18 feet diameter by 3 feet wide, driving Two Pair of Stones together with an Oat Kiln, and a Pair of Stones for dressing OatmeaL The Mill is well situated for, and has carried on an extensive Country Trade. A COTTAGE near to it, may be had, if required. Apply to Mr. WH. JONES, Taibach. MERTHYR-TYDFIL. TO BE LET, from the 25th MARCH next, (for a term of years, if desired), THE SLAUGHTER HOUSE, adjoining the Crawshay's Arms, Pondside. These Premises are replete with every convenience for the Slaughter of all kinds of Beasts, including Boilers, &c., for Pig Killing, and is the only Slaughter House which, for many years, supplied the large and populous Town of Merthyr and neighbourbood with Butchers' Meat. A fine available Stream of Water adjoins the same. Security for the Rent, and due care of the Plant, &c., thereon will be required. Tenders to be addressed to Mr. H. W. WHITE, Bookseller and Stationer, of whom further particulars may be obtained. Merthyr-Tydfil, February 22d, 1848,
LLANFABON NATIONAL SCHOOL. To Advocates for the EDUCATION of the POOR. THE PARISH of LLANFABON, containing a Papulation of about 2000 Souls, is considered to be one of the most destitute in the Principality of the means for affording to the Children of the Poor a sound Moral and Religious Education. It has, therefore, been pro- posed that a commodious School-House for 220 Children (which is to be licensed for Divine Service), with Teach- ers' Residence attached, shall be erected near The Nelson," a populous district in the said Parish. The Right Hon. Lord Dynevor has been pleased to give, in addition to a donation of jElO towards the Building Fund, nearly an Acre of Ground for a Site; and the Coal Proprietors in the Neighbourhood have subscribed liberally towards this much-needed object. The estimated cost of the Buildings & internal Fittings is about JE800, to meet which f317 have been raised. As a deficiency of Eloo still remains, independently of Grants which are expected from the Council on Educa- tion and National Society," I am directed by the Com- mittee to take this opportunity (while returning their grateful thanks to those who have so readily and liberally subscribed) to call the attention of others, who have the means at their disposal, to this good work, and solicit their co-operation in providing for the Poor of this Parish, and the adjoining Districts, the blessings of early Instruction. I have the honour to be, Your obedient humble servant, J. W. MORGAN, Honorary Secretary. P.S.—Subscriptions will be thankfully received at the National Provincial Bank, Cardiff, and by the Secretary. £ s. d. Her Majesty the Queen Dowager 20 0 0 The Lord Bishop of Llandaff 10 0 0 T. Powell, Esq., The Gaer. 60 0 0 DuacanandCo. 50 0 0 W. S. Cartwright, Esq., Newport. 30 0 0 Diocesan Education Board. 25 0 0 The Hon. R. H. Clive, M.P. 20 0 0 The Right Hon. Lord Dynevor 10 0 0 Lady Mary Cole 10 0 0 The Marquess of Bute 10 0 0 The Rev. G. Thomas, Llandaff Court 10 0 0 Mr. D. Evans, Llanfabon 10 0 0 T. Thomas, Esq., Pencerrig, Radnorshire 5 0 0 J. Bruce Pryce, Esq., Duffryn 5 0 0 Major Marriott, Sellarsbrook Monmouth 5 0 0 The Rev. W. Lewis, Newhouse 5 0 0 George Forrest, Esq. 5 0 0 Mark Phillips, Esq., M.P., Manchester 5 0 0 The Rev. the Dean of Llandaff. 3 0 0 The Hon. Miss Harriet Rice, Barrington Park 300 R. F. Jenner, Esq., Wenvoe Castle 3 0 0 The Venerable the Archdeacon of Liandaff. 2 0 0 The Rev. J. M. Traherne, Coedrigland 2 0 0 E. Williams, Esq., Dyffrynffrwd .< 2 0 0 J. Leigh, Esq., Surgeon, Llanfabon 1 1 0 The Rev. J. W. Morgan, do. 1 1 0 Mr. D. Oliver, do. 1 1 o Mr. W. Jenkings, do. 1 1 0 Mr. L. Lewis, Gelligaer 1 1 0 Lieutenant Hyde, Cardiff 1 1 0 A Christian Friend 1 1 0 Mr. T. Prosser, Llanfabon 1 0 0 C. C. Williams, Esq., Itoath 1 0 0 The Rev. T. B. Bowrne, Monmouth 1 0 0 Miss Williams, Newhouse 1 0 0 The Rev. E. Leigh, Bedwellty 1 0 0 Mr. T. Thomas, Llanfabon IOU Mr. D. Phillips, Gelligaer 1 0 0 Mrs. E. Key, Holbeach, Lincolnshire 0 11 0 The Rev. Mr. Jones, Rymney 0 10 6 The Rev. Mr. Watkins, Bedwas 0 10 6 The Misses Beever, Coniston, Lancashire 0 10 0 The Rev. Mr. Bassett, Colwinstone 0 10 0 The Rev. E. Price, Gelligaer 010 0 At a Meeting held this day, it was Resolved, that the different Subscribers who have not paid their Subscriptions be respectfully requested to do so, at their earliest con- venience, into the National Provincial Bank, Cardiff, in order that the Building may be commenced. W. LEIGH, Chairman. J. W. MORGAN, Hon. Sec. Feb. 14th, 1S43,
To Iron-Masters, Tin-plate Makers, Iron-founders, Boiler Plate Makers, g-c. &c. A MOST DESIRABLE INVESTMENT IN TRADE. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY MR. GEO. T. STROUD, On TUESDAY, the 29th day of FEBRUARY, 1818, at the CASTLE INS, in the Town of Swansea, Sale to com- mence at 2 P.M. precisely, VLLthat Newly-erected TIN-PLATE WORKS, now in complete order for Working; consisting of TWO NEW STEAM ENGINES. Rolling Mills, Furnaces, Storing Rooms, Offices, and Yards, forming a most Com- pact Works for any of the above Branches of Manufac- ture, standing on about Six ACRES of LAND, in all, adjoining the River Dafen, with a Railway from the Works direct to the Port of LLANELLY, which is distant about two miles. The larger Engine has a 40-Inch Condensing Cylinder, 7 feet stroke, is about 80-horse power, and has three 20- feet Boilers 6 feet diameter each. The smaller Engine is a 13-inch High-pressure, with a 38-inch Blast Cylin- der, &c. &c. There are attached to the large Engine two sets of Black Plate Rolls, Shears, &c., one pair of Cold Rolls, one pair of Bar Iron Rolls and Shears, &c. The Premises are held under a Lease for 99 Years, at the low Ground Rent of JE30 a-year, with power for the Lessees to purchase the FREEHOLD at a moderate price at any time within 19 years from IS46. For further particulars (or a view of the premises) apply to Mr. B. JONES, Solicitor, Llanelly; or to Mr GEO. T. STROUD, Auctioneer, Swansea.
GLAMORGANSHIRE. ELIGIBLE INVESTMENT IN VALUABLE FREEHOLD & CUSTOMARYHOLD PROPERTY. MESSRS. MORRIS & SON have been directed to submit for SALE BY AUCTION, at the BEA# INN, CowBRiDGE,jon TUESDAY, the 7th day of MARCH, 1848, at Three o'clock in the Afternoon, the undermentioned Lots, subject to such Conditions as shall be then pro- duced LOT I.-The undivided Moiety of and Interest in all those valuable Parcels or Closes of Arable and Pasture FREEHOLD LAND, containing by admeasurement 43A. 2R. 19P. (more or less), together with the commodi- ous DWELLING-HOUSE and BARN thereon, situate in the Village of Treose, in the Parish of Langan, and about equi-distant from the Market Towns of Cowbridge and Bridgend. This Lot will be sold subject to a Life Lease, the only survivor being now 80 years of age. LOT 2.—Two substantially erected DWELLING- HOUSES, with Three Closes of rich Pasture Land, now in the occupation of Mrs. ANN HARRY and Mr. DAVID JOHN, as yearly Tenants, situate in the Parish and near the Village of Lanharry, about 5 miles distant from the Town of Cowbridge. This Lot (which is Customaryhold of the Manor of Talyvan), presents a rare opportunity for profitable out- lay, as, in consequence of the Minerals in the neighbour- hood being extensively worked, the Village of Lanharry is rapidly improving, and Property in that locality will undoubtedly in a short period become greatly enhanced in value. The Tithes on both the Lots are commuted at a mo- derate rate. The Tenants will shew the Property. For any further information apply to the Auctioneers, at Cowbridge.
OAK TIMBER. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, At the NEW INN, NEWBRIDGE, on TUESDAY, 7th MARCH, at 11 o'Clock in the Forenoon, TREES» now cut, lying in the RHONDDA VALLEY, Two Miles from NEWBRIDGE. Mr. DAVID DAVIES, Gellywhyon, will shew the Timber If Sold by Private Contract, due Notice will be given. February 9th, 1848. PORT OF CARDIFF. IMPORTANT TO CARPENTERS, BUILDERS, & OTHERS. SECOND TIMBER SALE. MR. MARK MARKS begs respectfully to announce that he will submit for SALE BY AUCTION, on MONDAY, MARCH 6th, 1848, at the PUBLIC WHARF, BUTE DOCKS, a quantity of prime and well-seasoned TIMBER, consisting of about 15,000 feet of prime Pine Slabs, and 20,000 feet of lin., fin., and !in. well-sea- soned Board, which will be put up in suitable Lots for the convenience of Purchasers. Sale to commence at 11 o'clock in the morning. N.B.—The Auctioneer particularly invites the atten- tion of Builders and others to the advantageous opportu- nity offered for the purchase of sound and well-seasone d Wood. PORT OF CARDIFF. PRIME TIMBER AND DEALS JUST DISCHARGED FROM QUEBEC. To Contractors 8f Gentlemen engaged in Building. MR. C. H. SAWYER WILL SELL by AUCTION, on WEDNESDAY, the 1st of MARCH, 1848, at the upper end of the Bute Docks, in Lots suitably arranged for the convenience of Purchasers, the undermentioned TIMBER:— 10 LOADS of OAK 30 do. RED PINE 25 do. ELM 250 do. YELLOW PINE 400 First-quality SPRUCE DEALS 260 do. do. PINE do. 350 Second do. do. do. The whole of the above Timber is now in the Feeder of the Bute Docks, and the Deals on the Public Wharf, and may be viewed any time previous to the day of Sale. -Approved Bills will be taken for all Lots of or exceed- ing the amount of JE20. Sale to commence at 11 o'clock A.M. precisely. Cardiff, 22nd February, 1848.
MONMOUTHSHIRE. » EXTENSIVE SALE OF OAK, ASH, AND ELM TIMBER AND STORES, By Mr. H. M. Partridge, At the BRIDGE INN, NEWPORT, on SATURDAY, the 4th day of MARCH, 1848, at Four for Five o'clock in the Evening punctually, in the following or such other Lots as may be then and there decided upon, and sub- ject to the conditions then and there produced LOT 1.—Eleven Oak, 4 Ash, and 3 Elm Timber Trees, numbered 1 to 18; 3 Oak, 7 Ash, 1 Elm, and 2 Yew Tree Pollards, numbered 1 to 13, all growing on Landevaud Farm, in the parish of Langstone. LOT 2. —Forty-five Oak Timber Trees, numbered I to 45, growing on the Routs, Meadows, and Brakes, on the same Farm. LOT 3.—Thirty-eight Oak and 2 Ash Timber Trees, numbered 46 to 85, and 84 Oak Stores, on the above Routs, Meadows, and Brakes. LOT 4.-Seventeen Oak Timber Trees, numbered 1 to 17; and 13 Stores, marked with a X, growing on Tre- garn Farm, in the parish of Langstone. LOT 5.—Twenty-eight Oak Timber Trees, numbered 1 to 28, growing on Catsash Farm, in the same parish. LOT 6.-Forty Oak, 4 Ash, 1 Elm, 3 Sycamore, and 2 Alder Timber Trees, numbered I to 50, growing on Langstone Farm. LOT 7.—Forty-eight Oak, 1 Elm, and 4 Beech Timber Trees, numbered 51 to 100, on the same Farm. LOT 8.-Forty-nine Oak aud 1 Ash Timber Trees, numbered 101 to 150, on the same Farm. LOT 9.-Forty-four Oak and 6 Ash Timber Trees, numbered 151 to 200, on the same Farm. LOT 10.—Forty-three Oak and 7 Ash Timber Trees, numbered 201 to 250, on the same Farm. LOT I I.-Forty-seven Oak and 3 Ash Timber Trees, numbered 251 to 300, on the same Farm. LOT 12.-Fifty Oak Timber Trees, numbered 301 to 350, on the same Farm. LOT 13.—Fifty Oak Timber Trees, numbered 351 to 400, on the same Farm. LOT 14.—Forty Oak Timber Trees, numbered 401 to 440, on the same Farm. LOT 15.—Thirty-nine Oak and 1 Ash Timber Trees, numbered 441 to 480, on the same Farm. LOT 16.—Twenty-seven Oak and 8 Ash Timber Trees, numbered 481 to 515, on the same Farm. LOT 17.-Thirty-seven Oak, 2 Ash, and 16 Elm Tim- ber Trees, numbered I to 55, growing on Milton Farm, in the parish of Christchurch. LOT 18.—Forty-one Oak, 3 Ash, and 12 Elm Timber Trees, numbered 56 to 111, on the same Farm. LOT 19.-Fortv-six. Oak, 4 Ash, and 10 Elm Timber Trees, numbered 112 to 171, on the same Farm. LOT 20.—Thirty-five Oak and 5 Ash Timber Trees, numbered 172 to 211; and 110 Stotes, marked with a X, on the same Farm. LOT 21.—Fifty-seven Oak and 4 Ash Timber Trees, numbered 1 to 61 and 20 Stores, marked with a X, growing on the upper part of the Lights Wood and also the Coppice Wood, now growing thereon, as marked out. LOT 22.-Forty-nine Oak, 5 Ash, I Elm, I Sycamore, and 4 Pollard Timber 1'rees, numbered 1 to 00, growing on Kemeys Commander Farm, near Uske. LOT 23.-Fifty Oak Timber Trees, numbered 61 to 110, on the same Farm. I LOT 24.-Fifty-three Oak and 2 Ash Timber Trees, numbered 111 to 165, on the same Farm. LOT 25.-Fifty-four Oak and 1 Pollard Timber Trees. numbered 166 to 220, on the same Farm. LOT 26.-Fifty-four Oak and I Ash Timber Trees, numbered 221 to 275, on the same Farm. LOT 27.-Fifty Oak and 5 Ash Timber Trees, num- bered 276 to 330, on the same Farm. LOT 28.-Sixty.four Oak and 6 Ash Timber Trees, numbered 331 to 400, on the same Farm. LOT 29.-Forty-five Oak and 1 Beech Timber Trees, numbered 400 to 446; and 150 Stores, marked with a X, growing on the same Farm. -v .Air. KICHARD MORGAN, the Tenant at Kemeys Com- mander, will shew Lots 22 to 29; and Mr. WM. BAKER, of Langstone Court, will direct a person to shew the Lots on Landevaud, Tregarn, Milton, Catsash, and Langstone and any further information may be obtained on applica- tion to the Auctioneer, Saint Woollos House, Stow Hill, Newport,
TAFF VALE RAILWAY. THIRD CALL OF jEl PER SHARE, MAKING £4 CALLED UP. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, That the Directors have passed a Resolution, making a further Call of El per Share on the New Ten Pound Shares in this undertaking; and the Proprietors of such Shares are hereby required to pay the said Call on or before FRIDAY, the 10th day of MARCH, 1848, to any of the undermen- tioned Bankers:- Messrs. Glyn, Hallifax, Mills, & Co. London West of England and South Wales Dis- ) Bristol trict Bank S Do. Cardiff Do Newport Do Merthyr And in default thereof the Proprietors will be charged Interest at the rate of 5 per Cent. per annum from the above date until the said Call be actually paid. No Share can be transfeired till this Call is paid. The Company continue to receive Payments in antici- pation of Calls, allowing 5 per Cent. per Annum thereon. E. KEN WAY, Secretary. Cardiff, Feb. 9,1848.
TAFF VALE RAILWAY. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, That an EXTRAORDINARY GENERAL MEETING of the Proprietors of the Taff Vale Railway Company will be held at the WHITE LION INN, in the City of BRISTOL, on the FOURTEENTH day of MARCH next, at Twelve (t clock at Noon, specially for the purpose of sub- mitting to the Proprietors of the said Company present at the said Extraordinary General Meeting a Draft of a Bill about to be introduced into Parliament, intituled A Bill to authorize the Leasing of the Aberdare Rail- way, with the Branch Railway and Works connected "therewith to the Taff Vale Railway Company." Dated this First day of February, 1848. EDWD. KEN WAY, Secretary.
NOTICES TO CORRliSPOiVDliMrS. We cannot undertake to return rejected communications. M.S. informs us that in the letter addressed by him to us last week, the passage from Horace, which he wrote down from memory, though conveying the same sense, is not in the precise words of that writer. It ought to be- Non fumum ex fulgoie, sed ex fumo dare lucem." Brocksopp, How, and Company's Tea Advertisement came too late to be inserted in our present number: it shall appear next week. GLOUCESTER STEAMER.—Just as we are going to press a letter reached us in which we are requested "to alter the passenger fares between Gloucester and Cardiff to 4s. and 2s. instead of 6s. and 3s." This week the ad- vertisement cannot be altered; it shall be done in our next.
THE CARDIFF AID MEIlfHYR GUARDIAN. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1848. THE BUDGET. CROWDED as our columns are this week with Cor- respondence, Reports, and various other matters, the Parliamentary proceedings—especially of Friday night in the House of Commons—are so highly important and interesting that we have made room for rather more than our usual summary, including the sub- stance of the speech delivered by Lord John Russell on the present financial condition and prospects of the country. For information on the subject treated of we refer our readers to the columns devoted to Parliamentary intelligence. They will perceive that there is a deficiency in the Revenue which, although less than might have been reasonably expected as the result of the untoward events of last year, is suffi- ciently great to afford just grounds for apprehension: and for this unpleasant state of things a remedy is proposed by the Whigs, which may very materially tend to strengthen the public grounds of dissatisfac- tion, and make us view with distrust all the proceed- ings of those at the helm of our national affa-rs. The Income Tax is to be nearly doubled and this extreme remedy is had recourse to in order to meet what-if we may believe Political Economists and Whig Financiers-is only "a temporary difficulty! We de- nounce the measure as one of gross injustice, and which is totally uncalled for by the exigencies of the National Revenue it is an imposition on the energies of the middle classes-hampers all their proceedings -and will have the effect of bowing to the earth many who are at present barely able to keep their heads above water. Scarcely have our tradesmen begun to collect their scattered thoughts after ex- periencing one of the most dreadful and long-con- tinued visitations ever known in the commercial history of the. country, when they-the class which constitutes one of the principal sources of national wealth and prosperity-are thus tilted at by our Liberal" Ministers, and are infjrmed that a tax, which has hitherto from its inquisitorial nature been most obnoxious to the feelings of people, is not only to be continued for several years longer but is to be increased from three tofioe per cent.! The Minister "felt himself unequal to the task he had undertaken:" good; he recollected, probably, that six years ago he, when out of office, with all the bitterness of party rancour, opposed the first imposition of this t ax,—an imposition that was then. we believe, really required in order to rescue the credit of this country from the unhappy state into which it had been thrown by Whig misrule and imbecility. The mercantile com- munity and all other classes, convinced of the abso- lute necessity of the case, then cheerfully submitted to the burden; but the case is very different now, as we are far from perceiving that there is the slightest analogy between the two periods. With the ex- ception of Sir R. Inglis and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, every speaker in the House of Commons protested against this measure on the night of its introduction; and the public press are loud and unanimous in their condemnation. The Times em- phatically says- The Minister has gone upon that old vulgar maxim of financiers, • to work the willing horse,' or rather to pick out for contribution those who are unable to resist. He has determined to perpetuate a system which cannot be called constitutional, or equitable, or even honourable, and which can plead no other virtue than merely that sort of necessity which a conquerer might urge against a captured province, or a Bedouin against a stray caravan—' We must have the money, and can get it from nobody but you.' The landlords might resist a Property-tax, and the mass of the people might possibly be alienated and thrown into the hands of de- ma"oifues by any tax which was fair upon all. So the very ilite of the trades and professions are picked out for plunder. The Minister takes all above t 150 a-year, just as the butcher selects from the flock all above so many score weight, aud drives them off to the shambles. Fat industry, plethoric trade, well-fed economy, lusty thrift, and vigorous talent, are all laid under confiscation. Such is the rough rule of finance we have come to in the middle of the 19th century." The Morning Post says that— Few Ministerial statements have, for years past, been received with more unanimity of feeling than the recent financial statement of Lord John Russell. It is how- ever, the unanimity of strong disapprobation. Very justly was it observed by one of the members for Mid- dlesex, that had there been an organised Opposition, ready to take office, and desirous to obtain it, such a Ministerial exposi would have led to the downfall of the Government. But the Protectionists must wait the ripening to public conviction of the fast-growing suspi- cion that the schemes and promises of Free Trade were ftJllyand falsehood. As for the Peelites, they did the mischief, and they are the last persons that can possiblv be trusted to for amendment. Meanwhile, the financial ability of her Majesty's enlightened Ministers is displayed iti their modest proposal to take for the service of the State one-twentieth of every man's income who has more than £ 1;)0 a-year. This, undoubtedly, is the easiest sort of tax, so far as the imposing of it is concerned. Such a fiscal device requires no veiy severe mental exertion on the part of the Finance Minister. As it is said, however, of what is called easy writing," that it is often found to be very hard reading, so it may be affirmed of this easiest sort of taxation, that none other is so galling to those that pay. An increased income- tax is not only a dangerous device as regards the perma- nencyof the revenue, but it is, in a thousand different ways, fraught with hardship and injustice. It is a direct assault upon good conduct and good management. The man who has saved instead of wasting is on that account laid open to the clutch of the tax-collector. There is no avoiding such taxation by abstinence. In the first in- stance you must pay. If you would balance your account between your own income- and expenditure, you are obliged to take proceedings as dirpct as the tax from which you suffer. You must dismiss servants, or live in a cheaper house, or in some mode reduce your establish- ment. You cannot evade your tax in the quiet way of not going into the expenditure in which the tax is in- volved. You must pay, aud then resort to equivalent measures of reduction. Miserably will they be mistaken who think they are to escape because they have not £15() a year. Those who have not £1;)0 a year are for the most part dependent for their employment on those who have. Their weekly wages will not, indeed, be taxed but they who aie taxed must balance the account in some way, and they will do it by dispensing with the services fur which the weekly wages are paid." This proposition of Government is one which really should be protested against by the inhabitants of every mercantile community in the kingdom. A contemporary justly observes, that the depreciation of property and the worthlessness of book-debts, on which large amounts of Income-tax have been paid during the last two years, will make merchants and tiadesmen little disposed to submit to a double charge on their returns, which for many reasons they may not like to reduce. A more inopportune time for the proposed increase could scarcely have been chosen. Actuated at all times by the love of "fair play," and feeling that a very numerous and respectable class of supporters are deeply interested in this matter, we deem it our duty to call their particular attention to it; to state, as concisely as we can, the reasons which induce us to withstand the efforts of Government; and to urge upon all instant and prompt expostula- tion with those in whose hands the question now remains for determination.
FOREIGN NEWS.—The great pressure upon our space obliges us to omit, at the eleventh hour, our Foreign Summary. We have had several important arrivals du- ring the week. In China six Englishmen were barba- rously murdered by an infuriated mob. Our affairs in this remote quarter require to be managed with much circumspection.—In France public affairs are in a most excited state. Paris papers of Wednesday are filled with details of the events of the revolution — forit is a revolution, and a successful revolution, too, of which Paris was oil Tuesday and Wednesday the theatre. The question of Reform, and of the right of public meeting, may be con- sidered as carried for the Ministers have resigned, and the King has yielded. Shortly after five o'clock on Tues- day a collision took place in the Rue St. Honore. A squadron of dragoons charged the people sword in hand, and a great slaughter took place. The conflict was going on at the time the last accounts left. There is a large park of artillery in the Champs de Mars, in front of the Ecole Militaire, with officers and men in attendance ready for action. All the money securities, &c., of the Bank of France have been removed to the caves of that establishment, so as to be in safety in the event of the building being destroyed. In several of the gas manufactories the workmen have declared that they will not suffer any gas to be lighted during the night. This is a new and most important element in the conduct of popular insurrections, and may lead to most unlooked- for results. Throughout Paris the feeling is bitter against M. Guizot. The movement is not confined to the merely poor and destitute. The opponents of the troops are for the most part composed of tradesmen and the better sort of mechanics, and in many instances masters have shut up their establishments, in order to afford their men an opportunity of taking part in this manifestation.— At half-past six o'clock the people had obtained pos- session of the Rue de Rivoli (close to the Tuileries), and were unpaving it, using the paving stones to form barri- cades. The hotel of M. Guizot was filled with soldiers. It had been repeatedly attacked. At three o'clock on Tuesday morning the Colonel of the Second Legion of the National Guards, accompanied by an officer, went to the Tuileries, and announced to the King, that he could not answer for the fidelity of his men. At four o'clock in the morning it was announced to the people that the Minis- try had resigned. They received the announcement with cheers, but exclaimed, "It is not enough, we must have reform." From that moment, however, fighting ceased, and Marshal Bugeaud, who had been invested with the command of the troops, was escorted home by the Na- tional Guard. DEATH OF LORD GRANVILLE SOMERSET, M.P. This distinguished nobleman died at half-past ten o'clock. Wednesday evening, at his residence in Harley-street. The fatal complaint was a disease of the heart and a general break-up of the constitution, consequent, it is said, on the excitement which attended the late Mon- mouth election, and the annoyance which he experienced from the petition against his return. He was attended up to the last moment by his brother, the Duke of Beaufort, and iir the chamber of death their differences, ceased. THE CHARTIST LEADER.—The Lincolnshire Chronicle has the following piece of information in its columns:- The chartist leader in Lincoln, and president of Feargus O'Connor's Land-fund Society in that city, has had the misfortune to be committed for trial at the ap- proaching assizes, for stealing a pair of gaiters! The worthy patriot's name is Charles Stewart; and he has only been at liberty a few months from imprisonment for bigamy A deputation from the South Wales Railway had an. interview with the Right Hon. Edward Strutt, on last. Monday, at the Office of the Commissioners of Railways,, in the Board of Trade. The deputation consisted of Mr. Charles Russell (chairman), Sir Josiah J. Guest, M.P.. (director), Mr. D. A. S. Davies, M.P. (director), Mr. D. Morris, M.P. (director). Mr. Hunt (solicitor), and Mr. Armstrong (secretary). MELANCHOLY DEATH.—On Sunday last a master of a vessel died at sea under circumstances of a distressing nature. The deceased was Mr. James Porter, aged 3g years, who was master of the schooner Dahlia," of Plymouth; and at the time his spirit was so awfully hurriedl into the presence of its God the vessel was in the Bristol Channel, fourteen miles to the westward of Nass Point. The deceased was sitting in his cabin on Sunday evening, about to take refreshments and after he had cut a piece of beef, and while he was endeavouring to swallow a mouthful a seaman named John Jones, who was in the cabin, saw that he was choking. This man being much. frightened immediately called for assistance. In less than, a minute deceased was borne upon deck, and the mater tried to clear the passage of the throat with a spoon, but. was unsuccessful. The mate says that he saw, externally^ the protuberance caused by the piece of beet in the throat 5 and that a3 it slowly passed downwards the deceased breathed once slightly, and expired. The vessel is novr in port; and the body of the master was removed to the Sunderland Bridge public-house previous to interment. OUR NATIONAL DEFBNCES.—This much discussed and all-important question formed, very properly too, a promi- nent subject of remark for Lord John Russell on Friday evening, upon the occasion of his introducing hiaiinanciat scheme. The estimates are to be increased, and although, not to any considerable extent, yet, a sufficient sum willi be raised in order to place the army and navy upon ana efficient footing. It is also proposed to re-organise the- militia force but all preparations for defensive as well ass offensive warfare are strenuously opposed by that apostle of free-trade," Mr. Richard Cobden, who. bow- ever, does not succeed in cramming the members of the House of Commons as he did the more gullible tottun- ocracy of his district, for he received a serious eastigatioix from Mr. D'lsraeli in the course of the debate upon the budget. The hon. and eloquent member for Bucking- hamshire drew rounds of applause aud roars of laughiu* from a crowded house, by the manner in which b,\t ex- posed the utter fallacy of the universal peace argument. We, like Mr. Cobdeu, are not afraid of the French, but that is no reason why the country should not be placed in a position to receive them sho.uld they dare to invade: us. We are much of the same opinion as that so wit- tingly expressed by the late facetious Canon of St. Paul's.. —"As for the spirit of the peasantry in making a gallant., defence behind hedge-rows, and through plate-racks and! hen coops, highly as I think of their braverv, I do noli think any nation in Europe so likely to be struck witiiii panic as the English and this from their total unac- quiantance with the science of war." It is therefore wise that the population should be trained to arms, and that our militia should be kept in a state of effectiveness. that our harbours should be fortified—and that every- arm ot the service should be in readiness to act at iu moment's notice. A labourer engaged at the terminus of the Taff Vale Railway met with a severe accident a few days ago by which he sustained severe injury. He was standing under a scaffold, when a heavy hammer fell upon his face, and bruised him dreadfully. HOUSE-WARMING DINNER AT LLANVABON.—ON Mon- day last, the 21st instant, the house-warming dinner of Mr. Robert Scott, landlord of the Carpenters' Arms Inn, took place under circumstances of a most satisfactory character. A more numerous, and at the same time respectable, assembly has not been known in that neigh- bourhood on any previons occasion of a similar miture. upwards of two hundred sitting down to a capital dinner- Mr. and Mrs. Scott were also most assiduous in their- attentions to their guests, and seem richly deserving of the general support which they are likely to receive.. After the cloth had been removed Mr. Jenkin Jones wan appointed chairman, and Mr, William Howell vice- chairman. Good humour prevailed to a late hour, when. the company separated truly gratified with the proceed- ings of the day. The pleasures of the occasion were- much enhanced by the attendance of Mr. William Evansf. harpist, who played a great many favourite airs* I