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4Foreign SittiUtgetui.


4Foreign SittiUtgetui. FEARFUL DISASTER IN ALGERIA. A letter from Setif, dated the 10th inst., gives the fol- lowing details of the disaster which has befallen the column under General Levasseur:- On December 12 or 13, Colonel He'billon, of the 61st, commandant of the circle of Batna, left this point with two battalions of his regiment, to ptt a stop to the insurrection which threatened to extend ;o this country. He moved into the middle of the Ould Soltan, and his presence alone was sufficient to impose respect. He arrested 12 chiefs, and sent them to Batni. The Ouled Salems, neighbours of the Ouled Soltans, nfusing to listen to the voice of the caid placed over themny the French, retired into their most inaccessible mourtains, fancying that they would thus be sheltered from tie action of Col. Herbillon's column, which contented itsdf with allowing the goums of the submissive tribes to p'under until the arrival of General Levasseur, who has the command of the province of Constantia, in the ahfence of General Bedeau. A few days after, General Levasseur arrived from Coustantina with 1200 men, and .effected a junction with the column of Colonel Herbillon. He was afterwards reinforced by a batallion d'elitefrom Setif, which increased the force to 2500 men, which were divided into two corps, one under Colonel Herbillon, and the other uuder Colonel Corneille, of the 43d, and the cavalry commanded by Lieut-Col. Boascarius, of the Spahis. On the 16tb, ail the troops, without their knapsacks, excepting a few com- panies left in charge of the baggage, were sent in pursuit of the Ouled Salems, and came up with them at 12 o'clock. By two all their herds and baggage were captured, the Arabs, after losing about 100 of their men, having fled to the crests of the mountains, leaving part of their women and children behind them. The success was complete and the chastisement severe. The troops returned to their bivouac without having sustained any loss. From the Ouled Salems the troops moved upon the Bou Thalebs, at the entrance of the plain of the Oued Na, in order to punish the Ouled Tebennes, who had risen at the voice of the Scheriff Sisaad. On the 25th December they entered the mountains, slew about 20 of the revolted Arabs, plundered a village, and emptied the silos. Captain Bessiere, of the tiralliers of Constantia, received two balls in the thigh. In the nights of the 26th and 28th, the Arabs made attacks upon the bivouac, but were repulsed in both. On the 29th, Bou Thaleb, a chain of very steep mountains, was traversed, and the column established itself on the north side of them, with the design of reach- ing the centre of the villages of the Oulea Tebennes. Here the column was awaited by the Arabs with a standard. But a few howitzers put them to flight, and being pursued by a battallion they lost their flag. On the 30th these villages were burnt, and the silos emptied by the auxiliary goums. The enemy lost at least 30 men. On the 1st January the battalions moved on beyond the burnt villages and carried all the positions of the Kabyles, This lesson was the more severe as this tribe has no tents, and is therefore not only entirely ruined, but left without a shelter. No one could foresee, however, the misfortune that was about to fall upon us. On the 2d January, at 10 in the morning, the weather being beautifully fine, the column marched towards the Douairs ofNisaoud, our ally, where they were to encamp but about three o'clock the snow began to fall, blinded our eyes, and rendered the ground tolally impassable for the mules. At five a bivouac was formed, but the baggage did not come up till eight o'clock, and then a part of it had been left behind in some of the narrow defiles. On the 3rd, after a night of con- tinual snow, the column renewed its march. As it went on the snow still came down and covered the roads to the depth of eighteen inches, so that the troops could no longer find their way. At midnight they were in the middle of a vast plain without a morsel of wood for firing, the men dying with cold, and the Arab guides completely lost. We ought to have been within a league ot the smala of Msoud. but he himself was obliged to abandon all hope of reaching it. The men continued to sink under hunger, cold, and tatigue, till a feeling of desolation pervaded all hearts, and order and discipline were at an end. The few tents there were became so crowded that the men stifled each other, amidst the groans of the dying. Never was so afflicting a spectacle seen since the Russian cam- paign. The dawn of the 4th came on at last, and all the men and baggage that could be mustered and collected moved on, the cavalry taking the lead, towards Setif, which was about 10 leagues off. The men had been two days without food, and fell every moment from weakness and became frozen. At four in the afternoon the cavalry L reached Setif, and gave the sad news to the inhabitants, who hastened out to the assistance of the exhausted men, taking all their cattle and conveyances to bring in those who were no longer able to march-finding at every step unfortunate soldiers without shoes, and dying with cold and hunger. From the 4th up to the present day, we are every minute seeing men brought in by the inhabitants, but between two and three hundred are still missing. To find and recover these every measure is taken. The in- habitants have shown a noble humanity, but the Arabs of the plain have stripped the helpless sufferers." The Algirie gives a sketch of the above disastrous affair, which corresponds entirely with the above more detailed account, but includes a statement that 30 officers have been taken into the hospital at Setif. with their ex- tremities frozen-the detachment of the African chasseurs bad five men and several horses killed by the cold of the waggon train 15 are dead of the 43d of the line, which was making its first campaign in Africa, the grenadier com- pany has almost entirely disappeared, and nearly all the muleteers put in requisition have perished. The Algérie states, that on the 8th more than one-third of the column had not got back to Setif, consequently the fate of 800 men remained unknown. The Courrier Francais after giving the lamentable ac- counts from Setif, adds the following —" It is said that an epidemic disease has attacked the village of Foudouk, and carried off no fewer than 400 victims. Such a visita- tion is the more surprising as this small colony is situated to the east of the plain of Metidja, in a well watered and fertile country, believed to be peculiarly healthy. It is to be feared that the Marabouts who go about preaching in all parts of Algeria will avail themselves of this sad news, by holding it out to their fanatical hearers as a prognostic of the coming vengeance of the prophet upon the infidels." SPAIN.—BARCELONA, JAN. 15th.—The intelligence brought in by the Gerona post of this morning is to the effect that the armed insurgents who had appeared so sud- denly in the mountains of Geron a had, of their own accord, dispersed, directing their course towards the fastnesses of the Pyrennees. The whole garrison continues under arms, and^trong detachments are sent out every half hour from the wtified posts, who patrole the city without intermission. Crowds collected this morning in the square of Santa Catalina, but went away without any demonstration what- ever on the approach of the troops. The steeples and bel- fries of the churches have had sentries placed in them, as the intentions of those disposed to revolt within the city have been understood to be to seize on the churches and raise the "somatem" by ringing the bells, and causing the utmost confusion and alarm. The number of persons arrested to-day amount to 46. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA-LIVERFOOL, SUNDAY EVENING.-By the arrival of the packet ship Shenandoah, we have news from New York to the eve- ning of the 3rd inst. The only news of importance by this arrival is the Oregon Debate in the Senate, on the resolutions of Mr. Hannegan, with the counter reso- lutions of Mr. Calhoun. This debate, and also the result was published some ten days since in the Morning Herald exclusively, having been conveyed from Washington by Special Express for the Morning Herald in time to catch the steamer. The senate, at the close of this debate, ad* journed, and there is, therefore, nothing whatever to com- municate beyond that we were enabled to give on the occasion of the Acadia's arrival. Speaking of this de- bate the Courier and Enquirer says-H The lighting up of the skies after a long period of gloom, was never more striking or more cheering, than that of our political sky was rendered memorable and joyous, by the report of Mr. Calhoun's wise and statesmanlike movement and remarks upon the Oregon question, in the Senate. Its effect was most electric. It was the first topic of conversation and congratulation everywhere and tione were found to dissent from the timeliness, the patriotism, or wisdom of his course-now openly at least—though we did hear of some low growlings by disappointed plunderers and spoils- men, who hoped for war and its havoc, that they might make profit out of what to others would only prove calam- ity and woe. "The debate is concluded, and now we may consider this agitating question measureably at rest, until the steamer of the 4th inst. shall bring us tidings from England." The Express of this debate, as given says—" This important debate profoundly impresses the public mind here and elsewhere, and it is felt that the highest thanks of the country are due to Mr. Calhoun and to Mr. Haywood, the administration senators, who have rebuked the Casses. Aliens, Hannegans, and other fire- bands of their party, by a manifest determination to maintain the public peace. It is understood, too, that Mr. Lewis of Alabama, Mr. M'Duffie, of South Carolina, the two Florida senators, and we think we may add the two Texas senators (whoever they may be) with others, will adopt pretty much the same tone as the senators, from the South and North Carolinas. This settles the doubt about war or peace, unless madness rules in England. The commerce and the planting interests of this country are decidedly and emphatically opposed to an unnecessary war with Great Britain." It is mentioned in two Ameri- can papers, that there have been lately several important consultations between certain leading bankers, the repre- sentatives of the banking interest throughout the country and several great politicians belonging to both parties, probably delegates from Washington. The purpose of these debates, on the part of the high contracting parties, is, to provide ways and means for the defeat of the ad- ministration in its new sub-treasury plan, for separating the banks from the government. It is supposed that the banking interest of the United States would gladly appro- priate a million of dollars, for the purpose of defeating „f t Tyv3,S,era proposed by Mr. Polk. It I A<W York Exl>ress that Mr. Calhoun', can Serr ,rP°SI'10'1 between Mr. Buchannan, the Ameri- niS r arrf f-tate' and Mr- Pakenham, the British Cn error- A Private letter which we particular^™ir°m ^Vasln°gt0D> states as the results of I c |ri.es '"to the matter, that" there is not a Zi°r aMonrl n, r t!saster) and, as usual in America, Zane whill loSS °f life' The steame' Bell 0 I, 6 °" her way f<om Zanesviile, Ohio, to New White Rivl? a-bo!lt \2 miles below the mouth of bottom uo It\v 1"8S,SS1PP1' and immediately turned t lT- ] about 12 o'clock of the 18th, when ome 90e night wa« bitter cold. Out of neriitlipH a™ °D art' at l'me> upwards of 50 short t'triA ft 8 a/ner na«ned the Diamond came along a 16 of the passengers. aCCldCnt' Md the 0<EcerS picked UP CAN ADA.- We regret to learn by the Montreal papers the rumour of political troubles in Canada. It is stated that a division exists in the Cabinet Council, and that there is likely to be a dissolution of that body. LATEST COMMERCIAL NEWS-NEW YORK, JAN. 3. Ihe Stock Market is much improved to day, and closes .nfavour of sellers m all descriptions. The course of Mr. Calhoun has had a very marked effect in quieting the fears of capitalists and operators in the street. The crops have been abundant throughout the country, and the pro- ducers are receiving nearly about twenty per cent, more for all descriptions of flour, bread stuffs and provisions, than they did last season. The production of wheat alone exceeds a hundred millions of bushels a year. The pro- duction of corn is over four hundred millions of bushels. The advance on this article alone, even at 10 cents, a bushel, amounts to the large sum of forty millions. In other leading articles the increased value is truly immense. Much of this estimated value, however, must be deducted as the producer consumes large quantities of the produce their own making,—but the advance in the surplus they send to market is to them a rich source of income. The market is dull for flour, 5 dollars 94 cents, is the price asked by sellers, but there are no buyers. At the close of the market 700 barrels of Genesse was sold at 5 dollars 87.1 cents.



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