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11 a im;• y It ?^ trUfL^tU…
11 a im;• y It ?^ trUfL^tU £ ASPECT OF THE WEEK.—The position of affairs in the Railway world has been very quiet this week. Arrange- ments continue to be m :de for winding up severalof the defeated companies, and the projectors endeavour to collect money sufficient for the liquidation of expenses, not. only by persuasion and entreaty, but also by threat. The Great Manchc-ter, Rugby, and Southampton Com- pany promise to expose, by advertisement, the names of those parties declining to pay 2s. per share, but it is un- derstood that even this menace has had little or no effect upon the recreant allottees. We noticed the fact last week that the Royal North of Spain Company had com- menced preliminaries, returning part of the deposits received on their allotments, and now we hear that two or three other foreign companies will follow the example. It is very possible that little in the shape of railway news of interest will occur till the meeting of pailiament. The Brighton and Croydon Railway Companies are, after the display of the late hostilities, settling their differences amicably, and in the course of a few days it is expected the arrangements for final amalgamation will be completed. GHEAT EASTERN AND WESTERN RAILWAY—We un- derstand that amended plans and sections of this railway were on Tuesday last deposited at our Clerk of the Peace's offices: we presume therefore that the projectors of this railway contemplate proceeding with their bill during the next session, if they can pass the standing orders com- mittee. We mentioned in our paperof the 20th ult. that the plaits and sections had not been deposited within the time prescribed by the standing orders ot the house of co m m 0 t1 S, Some idea of the immense amount of employment affurdcd (by railway business) to attorneys' clerks and writers, and the demand for them, may be funned from the fact, that during the last fourteen uays a provincial attor- ney had in his employ in London 113 writers, some of whom he had to fee very highly; and so eagerly were they fnughtatu-r, that if he ehan.c-d to turn his back ten minutes, he was sure to had several oi his clerks bribed to go elsewhere. — Morning Chronicle- Menu DEFAULTING DIRECTORS.—The Chairman of the Great Leeds and London Railway stated at a special meeting held on Friday week, that UJ2 of the provisional committee had applied for shares by letter, but that out of that number only 24 had paid the deposits! As a specimen of the wide scope which engineers leave them- selves, the two gentlemen employed on this line, whose claims amounted to nearly £ lO,OOl), had consented to knock off £5000 (!) The advertising expenses were £ :t'39o, and were disputed. CAMBRIAN AND GRAND JUNCTION RAILWAY COMPANY, CONNECTING SOUTII WALES WITH LIVERPOOL, MAN- CHESTER, &c. —We learn that this company have made a re-deposit of their plans and sections with the board of trade and clerks of the peace of the respective counties, andintendprosecuting the undertaking withvigor. GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY. OU the 1st of January the paper tickets which used to be received by passengers on paying their fares were exciianged for small cards. Each station has a supply of cards numbered consecu- tively, and filled up for any other station on the line, and all that is required on delivery to the passenger will be to addtothedatc. This is llone by a very novel machine, about tha size of a narrow quart cup, which is fastened to the counter. The caul is introuueed info an opening in the front, and, by a very slight pressure, receives the date. We understand the plan to be the invention oi a Quaker gentleman in the North of England. DUFFRYN LLYNVI AND PORTH CAWL RAILWAY. Ou Tuesday last, the 30th of Dosceniber, 18 45, a spe- cial general meeting of the proprietors in this company was held at the Wyndham Arms Inn, Bridgend, for the purpose of considering a proposition made, or to be made, by the Committee of Management of the GLAMORGAN CENTRAL MINERAL RAILWAY COMPANY, for the conver- sion of the shares of the Dufrryn Liynvi and Porth Cawl Railway Company into the shares of the Glamorgan Central Mineral Railway Company, and for finally agree- ing to terms for such conversion; and also to authorize certain parties to subscribe for shares in the Glamorgan Central Mineral Railway Company in behalf of the Duffryn Llynvi and Porth Cawl liaihvay Company." Sir DIGBY MACKWORTII, Bart., in the chair. We also observed present —Sir Robert Price, Bart., M.P. the Rev. Robert Knight; M. p. Smith, Esq.; Wm. Jones, Esq.; I-lampton, Esq.; James Brown, Esq.; — Gale. Esq. J. H. Allen, Esq., &c. &o. After the meeting had been formally opened, the Chairman said that two propositions would be laid before the meeting for consideration and with the permission of the gentlemen present he would take leave to submit the second proposition first, as it was one which he thought would be at once disposed of without discussion, and thereby allow more time for the consideration of the first proposition, which was a most important one. The second proposition-which wouid be submitted first- would merely be to authorize certain parties to subscribe for shares in the Glamorgan Central Mineral Railway- Company on behalf of the Dulfryn Dynvi and Porth Cawl Railway Company; and the object in view was simply this—that in case the amount of deposits required by the standing orders of parliament should not be pai.l in time, the deficiency should be paid by certain parties on behalf of the company, and who should, by the company, be borne harmless. Those parties, whoevei the meeting might select, would have to pay the deposits on one hnndrec1 shares, IUlIl be borne harmless by the cornpauy. It was merely a precautional measure, which the com- pany were recommended to take by their professional adviser, and which wasrendered necessary by the back- wardness of parties, who had applied for shares, in paying the deposits thereon. Sir Robert Price said it was not by any means an unllsllal course. The Rev. Robert Knight gave thechairmantonndcr- 8tand that he hau (pdte rnislIudersloo¡1 the object of the resolution. It appeared to him, now, to be putting ra- ther extnonliuary powers into till: hands of individuals. Several gentleman interposed, aad s,1iù that it was necessary to take the course recommended by the com- pany's legal adviser, in order to guard against the possi- bility of failure in the next session of parliament. The bill would not pass unless the deposits were fully made, us required by the standing orders of parliament. The Rev. Robert Knight said that put the matter in a very different light, He had always hitherto heard that the number of applications for shares was much greater thaa required. Sir Robert Price observed that there were a greater number of shares applied for than could be issued, but many, after having shares allotted to them, had not paid their deposits. This was a bona jide concern, not one merely got up for the purpose of speculation. He did not think that the deficiency would ultimately afFect them at all but in the present disturbed state of the money- market, it was quite impossible to say how matters would turnout. It wouid not do to issue shares for some mouths. But to guard against delay, and the conse- quences of fluctuations inthe money market, the com- mittee thought it would be well for the company to guarantee a certain sum, and with that view to allow certain person, to subscribe as trustees, and who would be borne harmless by the company. The (.'hairman.—As soon as the net passes the money will be returned instantly. Itistheontymodewchave of obviating the difficulty which presents itself by the deficiency in the amount of deposits. I think it will be best that Sir Robert Price and other members of the, committee should be authorised to subscribe, and be borne harmless by the company. 1 lire Itev. Robert Knight thought that, to some degree, the committee were not going on in a straightforward manner in endeavouring to form this newcomp.ury. He was not willing to use hard words; but he was so taken by surprise by this proposition — The Chairman (we believe) said, let us drop the pro- position as it is opposed. Th Rev. Robert Knight said,—Sooner than oppose it I will lcavc thereon. 1 will irot be a party to anything that looks like a job; and this does look like a job. (Cries of Oh.' ) Sir Robert Price: Can anything be so monstrous1? (Hear, hear.) All that is asked for is, that money be paid by gentlemen on behalf of the company, ill order to secure the passing of the Act of Parliament, which may, possibly, otherwise be endangered and no more being asked for—no more being said, up jumps Mr. Knight and says it looks like a job. (Hear.) The Hrv. Robert Knight Sir Robert Price, pardon me. I am one of the old Porth Caw) Railway Company, and I consider that a great deal of jobbing has been car- ried on in the management of that company and I can foresee a great deal of jobbing in this new company. (Disapprobation.) Mr. Allen If this is a job, who is to be benefitted by by it, Mr. Knight 'I It is to be carried for and on behalf of the company generally. The-Rev. Robert Knight: When I came here I was told that the proposition which would first be submitted to the meeting was one whidl wouid pass unopposed, or something to that effect; when the fact is, that certain gentlemen of this company are to purchase shares are to be saved harmless by the company in doing so. Sir Robert Price: What has been. proposed for the meeting's approval is actually done every day, I assure you. (Hear.) The Rev. Robert Knight I am not aware that such things are done every day, and therefore put it down to my ignorance. Sir Robert Price thought the opposition offered by Mr. Knight most monstrous and uncalled for. The Rev. Robert Knight In the first place, is not the course you propose to pursue a deception upon the public, namely-that a certain number of shares are represented as taken, when in point of fact the committee are selling shares,—when the committee are instructing persons to pay the deposits for shares, and then hold those persons harmless i tdonot understand it at all. Sir Robert Price: Then you cannot understand plain English. It is impossible you can understand it in that case. The Chairman thought Mr. Knight had not the most distinct idea of the proposition, or of the object in view. Severalgenttemenwished to know who were the par- ties to be benefitted by the job which was to be perpe- trated. Sir Robert Price wished to know also. The meeting seemed to be anxious to know, The Rev. Robert Knight did not say it was a Job of Sir Digby Mackworth's or a job of Sir Robert Pr ice s but lie did say it was attempting to get by indirect or improper means what they ought to get by director proper means. The Chairman said that a certain number of shares had been issued in what was conceived to be a just dis- tribution among those who applied for them; but when the deposits came to be paid, certain of those persons did not find it convenient to pay them. This proposition was now made to prevent the company sustaining a loss of about f 4,000-the loss of all the expenses which had been incurred in preparing for Parliament. (Hear.) That was the real state of the case. Other companies, he believed, did the same. Sir Robert Price said that Mr. Knight was one of those who had not taken shares after applying for them and now he came to the meeting and threw obstructions in the company's way, while they were merely endeavouring to make up that deficiency which, to some extent, might be attributed to him. The meeting were only endeavour, in t to obviate a difficulty which he himself had assisted in forming. The Rev. Robert Knight certainly had applied for shares in the Glamorgan Central Railway Company, but being dissatisfied with the manner in which their affairs were conducted when he saw that the management of the concern was taken away from the hands of respecta- ble parties residing in the neighbourhood, and given to gentlemen residing in Bath, and other distant places, who had no interest in the iieighbourhood-wlio liid never been over the road—who had possibly never even crossed the Severn—who never had a share in any raii. road before—he (Mr. Knight) considered himself not very handsomely treated by the committee, and, therefore, had declined to take the shares for which he had applied. (Hear, hear.) This conversation was continued for some time longer with increasing animation on the partof Sir Robert Price and the Rev. Robert Knight. Sir Robert and several other gentlemen contended that the proposition read to the meeting, by the chairman, was one of an ordinary kind, and regretted that Mr. Knight should offer such opposi- tion to the proceeding. Mr. Knight, while he adhered to his original opinion of the proposition, disclaimed having used the word "job" in a personal sense to the chairman or Sir Robert Price. He did not think the committee were proceeding in a plain straight-forward way. He did not like to be attacked. He was never attacked at any meeting, except at the Porth Cawl Railway meetings, and why should he be attacked there! He could kick as well as any other person if they would not leave him alone. Sir Robert Price Yes, you always begin kicking. (Laughter.) It was then carried unanimously" That Sir Robert Price, Mr. Buckland, Mr. Smith, Mr. Jones, and Mr. Rusher, be empowered to subscribe on behalf of the Duffryn Llynvi and Porth Cawl Railway Company, if requisite, for shares in the new company, not exceeding two thousand in the whole, fot which this company will bear them harmless." The Rev. Robert Knight observed to the chairman that he had not Toted either for or against the proposition. The Chairman then said that as there were two or three gentlemen present who were not intimately acquainted with the affairs of the company, it would be necessary for him to go a little into detail in introducing the next proposition. He then gave a clear history of the Duffryn Llynvi and Porth Cawl Railway company [with which we need not trouble our readers]—the amount of capital raised -how raised—and the causes which induced them to form the new company. Subsequent to the formation of the new company [the Glamorgan Central Mineral Railway company] several meetings had been held, at which members of both companies were present, and at which terms were suggested, by virtue of which the old company's shares might be purchased by the new com- pany and in order to prepare these terms, a committee consisting of four gentlemen was appointed, namely- on behalf of the old company, Sir Robert Price and Mr. Buckland, and on behalf of the new company, Mr. Coffin and another gentleman, whose name we did not distinctly hear thc chairman mention. Those gentlemen met and agreed upon the following terms, which the chairman read to the meeting in order that they might be approved of and adopted, or disapproved of and consequently re- jected. It was recommended that £ 2'20 stock in the new company should be given for every £100 share in the old company and that quarter shares in the old company should be Inid for in a simibr proportion. Besides the old company having considerable assets—the greater part consisting of unpaid calls on quarter shares-it was agreed by the committee to recommend that the old company should pay to the new company the sum of 1:15,000. The committee of the new company was to be formed of an equal number of Old and New proprietors. The Chairman said that the committee of the Porth Cawl Railway company, after considering the matter, thought Uie award rather unfavourable to the old company. Certain of the shares had been unsettled for but still there were parties whose claims to those shares were considered perfectly just. Several suc- ceeding sentences we did not hear distinctly, but we understood the chairman to say, that the Old Committee had agreed to this amended proposition, namely—The proprietors of shares in the Old Company to receive JE220 stock in the New Company in lieu of £ 100 old stock; and the Old Company to pay to the Now Company the sum ot £ 14,000 in cash on the Act of Parliament being passed. This recommendation divided itself into two points for consideration by the meeting. They had first to consider whether L220 New Stock was sufficient for each old share under all the ciicumstances of the case and whe- ther they would hand over to the New Company the sum of £ 14,000. He would first give the meeting an account how the £ li,000 was in the Old Company's hands. By their Act of Parliament the company were empowered to raise the sum of £ 100,000 for the purpose of forming the road. The company did actually procure the sum of £HD,DGI, out of which was to be deducted the sum of £(j,7;3\), being part of the quarter shares not paid up, and which sum the; company therefore held, and it formed part of the £ 14,OJO which was to be handed over. Besides which sum the company had a considerable quantity of rails, bought at DI per ton, but now saleable at £ 12-difference in favour of the old company £ 3 per ton. The old company had advanced £ 3,800 towards preparing for Parliament, surveys, &c., which sum would -tis,) foriii )f* t!ie ;LI t,OOL). The next point was one which would probably occasion a difference of opinion between the New and Old Companies. Since tlie pro- posed union between the companies the old company had gone to considerable expense in improving the line, and the question was how much or what proportion of that expense should be considered as forming part of the £ 14,000. That would be a point for the meeting to propose and settle distinctly. He believed there was quite sulhcient in the old company's hands to meet the payment of £ 14,000, but they must take care how or in what mode they handed it over. It was to be paid in cash, but certain things should be allowed as cash pay- ments" before the old company could consent to it. (Hear.) Let the meeting first consider whether the J6220 New Stock was sufficient payment for £ 100 Old Stock. A Proprietor thought it was hardly sufficient, as the old shares were now paying 12 per cent. The Rev. Robert Knight observed, that upon former occasions the committee had recommended dividends to be declared (and their recommendation was acted upon by a general meeting) when the real state of the com- pany's affairs would not warrant any such declaration. Their road was out of repair; and they were repairing it with borrowed money—ho.v then could they declare a dividend ? Certainly by doing that with borrowed money which ought to be done with the money paid as "dividends" to the shareholders a committee mi^ht at any time declare a dividend in whatever state the com- 'Ito the com- pany's affairs might be. Mr. Allen thought that the shares were worth more than the New Company offered for them. Mi-. Hampton observed, that taking the payment of £ 14,000 to be made by the Old Company to the New, the offer made for the sld shares did not exceed £ 193 per- share or thereabouts. The Rev. Robert Knight Am ] to understand that the payment for the old shares is to be £ 220 in New Stock, and no! £ 220 in money 1 The Chairman said the payment was to be in New Stock. Sir Robert Price, Mr; Alien, Mr. Jones, Mr. Smith, and Mr. Hampton then engaged in a conversation upon the subject of the payment by the new company for the old company's shares. The general opinion seemell to be that £ 220 stock was too low, especially as it was con- ditional—namely, receiving in return £ 14,000 in cash. Ultimately, the first part of the proposition was formally put to the meeting by the chairman, and carried unani- mously—namely, "that the old shares should be disposed of for £ 220 new stock." The Chairman said the meeting then came to the con- sideration of the most important part—the payment of the £ 14,000. He then read a proposition which he had prepared after due consideration, and which had reference to the mode in which that sum should be paid, and which was to the following effect:—That the old company do hand oyer to the new company the sum of £ 14,00J out of their existing; assets, on the following terms That all sums advanced by the old company to the new company, on account of preliminary surveys, and all matters con- nected with the application to parliament for the new act; likewise all sums expended by the old company in new works at Port Talbot, or in enlarging and repairing the road since October 31st, 1845, shall be considered as being part of the £ 14,000. That the new rails shall be sold by the old company, and that the sum realized by the sale shall be handed over to the new com- pany, and be considered as being part payment of the 1:14,000. That new works at the Port not exceeding £ 2000 in the whole, and likewise on the great curves— especially at Tondu-(llot exceeding £ 2000) shall be ex- pended by the direction and under the superintendence of the new company's engineer, and the amount so ex- pended shall also be taken as part payment of the £ 14,000. After reading the proposition which he had prepared, the Chairman said he bad Mr. Scott Russell's opinion to the effect that the new company, as well as the old, would be benefitted by expending upon the road and the port the sums above named. Having proceeded to this extent, the chairman then read a statement which shewed how the JE14,000 was to be made up, namely: — Cash due on Quarter Shares £ G759 Advanced to New Company towards procuring New Act of Parliament, Surveys, &e. 3800 Difference in price of Iron, (before ex- plained as amounting to 1:3 per ton) 1275 Paidfur New Raits 1830 Capital expended since Oct. 31st, 1845 1422 Total. £ 15,08G Tile Chairman said the road was not supposed to be taken by the new company in a good state of repair, but in its present state. The'new company took the whole of the old company's liabilities. The Rev. Robert Knight thought the bargain which Sir Robert Price and Mr. Buckland had made on behalf of the old company a very good one. Sir Robeit Price and one or two others did not think the bargain sU9li a iery goptf pne; however they were j satisfied. They would prefer having £ 225 new stock fo the old shares, as they (the old shares) were fully worth it; but they were satisfied fo take £220. The old share were realising 9 per cent. if the old line were continutd i istead of a return of 9 per cent., it would probably yield 15, 16, or even 17 per cent. It was, however, very natural that people who had iron to get down the line would not like it to remain in its present state. Mr Hampton had no doubt but that the income would be very much increased. The ReY. Robert Knight said they should consider the circumstances under which the dividend of 9 per cent. had been declared. The road was totally out of repair- was repaired with borrowed funds; and therefore the company were not justified in declaring a dividend of 9 per cent. ai long as they repaired the road with borrowed money. He thought the bargain made by Sir Robert Price and Mr. Buckland a very good one. and the com- pany were muchJLndebted to those gentlemen. He (Mr. Knight) would be ready to abide by it. The Chairman said. that if the new company did not agree to the terms, matters in dispute would be arranged by taking the award of an arbitrator. The proposition was then formally moved by Mr. Gale, seconded by Mr. Allen, and carried unanimously. A vote of thanks to the Chairman for his able, intelli- gent, and impartial presidency, was then carried by accla- mation, after which the meeting separated. [After the business of the special general meeting had been concluded, a proposition of rather an important nature was agreed to by a majority of the meeting, and which had reference to an allotment of New Quarter Shares," which was made about the 2nd of June last. In our next number we will further advert to the subject, as we think it is a matter which may prove a source of con- siderable dissatisfaction to the non-trading proprietors in the Old Company, who are, we understand, gentlemen largely interested in the prosperity of the district gene- rally. No OTHER REPORTER WAS PRESENT.]
MERTHYR AND NEIGHBOURHOOD.
MERTHYR AND NEIGHBOURHOOD. THE arrangement? of the Wesleyans in the funeral of Mr. John Davies, whose sudden death was announced in our paper of last week, reflected great credit on that body of dissenters. We reckoned from fifteen to twenty min- isters aud local preachers foremost in the procession on Friday, followed by a vast number of the class leaders, from all parts of the district. The funeral was also attended by a great number of other denominations of this town. The procession broke up at the lower part of the-town. He was buried near Quaker's Yard. There werex seven carriages in the procession. All classes seemeXl anxious to testify their respect for the memory of this highly esteemed Minister of the Gospel. The c filthy state of Tydvil, and almost every other street, in this town, is a disgrace to the wealth, intelli- gence, and business habits of the inhabitants at large. The inhabitants should certainly bestir themselves aud take measures for obviating the evil. INQUESTS.—On Monday, the 29th ult., an inquest was held before W. Davies, Esq., coroner, on the body of Thomas Thomas, Oowlais, who was killed on the prece- ding day by a shot from a double-barrelled gun, while playing at the Three Salmons. VCldict-" Death by misadventure," with a deodand of five shillings on the gun. -Another inquest was held at Cwmbargoed, be- fore Mr. Thomas, deputy-coroner, on the body of James Jones, collier, who was killed by a fall of rubbish upon him while at his work. Verdict-" Accidental Death." -Another inquest was held last week on the body of Francis James, collier at Cyfarthfa, who was killed by the fall of a stone on him while at his work on Tuesday. Accidental Death" was the verdict. WHITE LION BARDic MEETING.—This meeting of the bards and other inhabitants of Merthyr and Dowlais and the surrounding district, was celebrated on the after- noon of Christmas-day last, in the large and commodious long room of the White Lion, in this town. Owing to the unavoidable absence of William Thomas, Esq., Court (who had promised to preside), the chair was taken by Mr. Thomas Davies, of High-street Chapel, at half-past three, who opened the meeting with a brief but eloquent address. Atr. John Thomas, a pupil of Ieuan Ddu, next gave a song to M r. Davies's playing on the harp. The chairman called on those who intended to compete for prize No. 9, viz.: "An Oration on the Utility of Welsh Societies," when William John, John Hees, Thomas Rees, and Daniel James delivered very eloquent addresses ex temporaneously. Wm. John got the prize (10s.). A song on the harp by Dryw Fach (Letitia Morgan) next greatly delighted the audience. Mr. Robert Roberts, the judge of the poetical compositions, gave his opinion, and criti- cised ably on the same. He declared the ode of Mr. John Edwards, from North Wales, "on the Character of Jonah the Prophet," to be the best, a part of which was read, and he was awarded the prize No. 1 (JE2) as was also Mr. Jonathan Reynolds (Nathan Dyfed) with the prize No. 10 (lOs.), for the best six Englynion on the new police station at Merthyr, and its builder. The Chairman then called for the names of those who iutended to compete for prize No.4, for extemporaneous speeches on Joy, when Thomas Rees and Daniel James responded, and delivered very excellent addresses. Thomas Rees was deemed best, and became entitled to the prize (£1). The grand competition for prize No. 13, viz.: the best singer with the harp, according to the South Walian style, ensued, when John Thomas above-named was declared the suc- cessful competitor. Dryw Fach next displayed her vocal talents, by singing with the harp according to the rules of the same mode of singing. Mr. Davies, as judge of the prose composiiions, gave his adjudication on prize No 2, the hideousness of the calumniator," when Daniel T. Williams, Glebe-land, declared himself to be the success- ful competitor, and became entitled to the prize (£ 1.) Francis Jonas then sang with the harp according to the South Walian style, and got prize No. 15. Next, Edward Morgan, John Jones, Eos Fach, and Dryw Fach sang for prize No. Hi, the best choir of singers according to the South Walian style. Llewelyn Williams and Edward Evans next competed for prize No. 17, beiug "the best harper under 25 years old on the the single harp." The prize—a copy of Parry's Welsh Harper, value 25s.-was awarded to Llewelyn Williams but Evans played re- markably well, and elicited the warm commendations of the audience. His only fault was that he kept imperfect time. Mr. John Thomas (leuan Ddu) and his party then sang in their usual superior style. We should mention also that J. G. Gwyfro got prize No. 3 (£1). for the best poem on the I rue Friend." Wm. Williams, ofAber- dare; Thos. Wittiams, of Llanwonno and David Bowen, of Plymouth, sang several songs, and got Nos. 5,6, and 8. The long room, which is capable of containing one thousand persons, was densely crowded, and many went away for waut of accommo lation. The chairman, Mr. Davies, discharged his onerous duties ably and impar- tially, and richly deserved the thanks of the meeting. DEATH ON THE MOUNTAINS—An elderly woman from Rhymney came to Merthyr on Saturday last to transact some business. Her affairs having taken up more time than she expected, she rather imprudently resolved to take a short cut across the mountain. She appeared to have lost her way, and after travelling here and there sank down exhausted. Much solicitude was felt by her hus- band at not seeing her return on Saturday night, and diligent search was made for her early on Sunday morn- ing. The persons in quest of her found her, lying cold and dead, on Gelljgaer mountain, though within call of several houses. Her name Was Nancy Richards, and she was buried in Merthyr Church on Tuesday. DOWLAIS.—TRIBUTE OF RESPECT. On Thursday, the 25th December, being Christmas day, a large and crowded meeting of the workmen and tradesmen of this place, was held at the Dowlais Inn. for the purpose of presenting \lri William Evans, Cawr Cynon, late mine agent at Dowlais, with a token of their esteem and respect. As soon as it became known that Mr. Evans was leaving Dowlais, a large number of the workmen who have been under his inspection, simultaneously commenced a sub- scription towards presenting him with a testimonial in token of their great respect for him, and their satisfaction with his conduct towards them and the numerous friends he has made, during a residence of eight years in the place, were anxious to join the workmen in testifying their admiration of his talents, and in acknowledging their obligation to him, for his readiness to come forward at all times in behalf of every cause tending to the moral and social improvement of the place. The Rev. W. R. Davies being unanimously called to the chair, after briefly stating the object of the meeting, called upon the Secretary and Treasurer, who read the amount of subscription; and produced a fine silver watch, guard-chain, and gold key, value ten guineas, and a purse containing ten pounds. The watch was supplied by Mr. David Jones, watch-maker and jeweller, Merthyr, and was of excellent workmanship. It bore the following inscription. Presented to Mr Wjlijanj Evans, Cawr Cynon, by the work- men and tradesmen of Dowlais to testify their approval of his conduct, during a residence of eight years, and to acknowledge the high value they attach to his services in behalf of the moral and social improvement of the place. Dec. 1845." The Chairman then called on Mr. John Garnon, miner, who spoke as follows Mr. Chairman, Gentlemen, & Fellow-workmen,—I feel myself wholly inadequate to do justice to the task which the worthy chairman has called upon me to perform, and which I feel proud to do. It is a pleasant task, provided I had the ability to do it in a proper manner, to convey to our worthy guest, Mr. William Evans, this token of the respect in which he is held by the workmen and tradesmen of Dowlais. It is a tribute due no less to his merit as an honest, upright, and virtuous man, than to his talents as a Welsh poet, and, as a speaker, always advo- cating the cause of improvement. As to his talents as a poet, the list of successful candidates at Abergavenny Eisteddfod bears honourable testimony. We, the work- ing men of Dowlais, have other reasons for being grate- ful to Mr. Evans, for we are much indebted to him for the kind manner in which he has always treated us. I can with confidence state that I never saw a man more just and zealous for the interest of his employers, and, at the same time, anxious to be falf and honourable to those that were placed under him. He never turned a deaf ear to our complaints, and often convinced us that we were wrong by reasming with us. It is a great error in many agents to think they elevate their character by rendering themselves difficult of access. I have known Mr. Evans from his boyhood, both when a workman and an agent, and I have never seen hini lefuse to listen to what the honest man had to say. Sir I beg to present to you this watch and purse, as a token of our esteem for your personal and for your moral worth, and be assured that we, the working men, feel proud in showing our respect to those placed over us, while they conduct them- selves as you have done i-as men possessing the same feelings and accountable to the same God. Wishing you and your family every prosperity, and hoping this testi- monial will descend to your children and be kept as a heir lopnj by your posterity I present you with it iu the name of the workmen and tradesmen of Dowlais. (Loud cheers.) Mr. Rvans: Mr. Chairman and Friends,—1 have spent tone part of to-day in reviewing my past conduct in connexion with the inhabitants of Dowlais during the last eight years, and I really am disappointed to find that I have done nothing deserving the praise, much less the honourable testimonial you have presented me with. But as you have been pleased to attribute this to my good conduct, I feel proud that any exertion of mine has merited your esteem. Of this I am certain that you have not rewarded me for any harm I have done among you. When I undertook the situation which I held in Dow- lais, I made a vow to myself that whether I held that situation for a (Jay or for a year, that I should always act from principle and do my duty between master and man and I declare here now that I have always done »o. Whatever may be said in praise of my conduct, I can say without fear of contradiction, that I have never sought for popularity, but have always ncted from a sense of duty. I have often employed my leisure time in assisting my fellow workmen to perceive the benefits of knowledge, knowing that these pursuits would generate peaceable and happy thoughts, and everything opposed to turbulence and violence. And I may say without self-flattery that this has tended to produce peace and quietness among the Dowlais workmen, when the workmen of other places were in a turbulent and unsettled state. (Cheers.) In my more general connexion with the inhabitants of the place, I have always felt a pleasure in assisting them to establish any good cause and if any exertions of mine have tended to do good, was it not my duty as a man to do sol Would I not have been blameable if I had re- frained ? And as this was a debt I owed to my fellow beings, what reward could I expect, otherwise than the pleasure which always accompanies a good action? Indeed, I have received my reward before to-night; yet as this simultaneous feeling arose among you, I would be both hypocritical and ungrateful were I to disguise from you the pleasure and the thanks that I owe you for thus investing me with such a splendid testimonial of your esteem and respect, and although I am now the agent of another company, I shall always remember, with pleasure and regret, many of my friends among the inhabitants of Dowlais. (Loud and long-continued cheers.) Several other persons addressed the meeting, whose names we were unable to obtain, but who spoke most eloquently with regard to Mr. Evans's conduct. The Chairman, before closing the meeting, said, that he was desired by several of those around him to thank the workmen of Ffoesyfran, who commenced this sub- scription. They have acted like philosophers on this occasion; they have found out merit, and rewarded it. From this time forward I shall always call them the philosophers of Ffoesyfran. (Great laughter.) Our friend Mr. Evans said just now, that it was unnecessary to re- ward a man for simply doing his duty: I do not agree with him. We have heard it from the highest authority, that there is a reward to those who do their duty. Some men are loth on an occasion like the present to praise a man for his good qualities, lest they should be thought to flatter him. We all know that the world is prone enough to circulate a man's errors and vices, why not also do our best to disseminate his virtues. The immortal Shakspere hath said— Men's cvil manncrs live in brass, Their virtues we write in water." But the philosophers of Fyoesyfian have reversed the Shaksperian motto, and have written Mr. Evans's virtues in gold and not in brass. (Hear, hear.) I am sure it must make Mr. Evans proud to hear the esteem in which he is held by such men as the present company; for although consisting principally of workmen, the talent displayed here to-night would do credit to any station. If every word spoken this night were reported (and I am glad to see some gentlemen taking notes), it would do credit to the speakers, and would not disgrace any publi- cation that would give them insertion. The good opinion of such men, whether they be workmen or gen- tlemen, is at all times worth cultivating, for a good name is like a precious stone. And whei^Mr. Evans will be gathered to his fathers, and this waRh descends as a heir-loom, perhaps to his grandson, if any one ask him what kind of man his grandfather was, he can proudly pull out his watch and say, here is his charac- ter written by those who knew him I" (Hear, hear.) I am sorry that circumstances call upon me to leave you so soon, as I never enjoyed a more pleasant meeting; I therefore beg leave to thank the committee of the Ffoesyfran miners* and the several subscribers to this testimonial for their exertions, and the present company for their kind and patient hearing. And to Mr. Evans I would say, may you long live to enjoy the testimonial which has been this day presented to you. The rev. gentleman then sat down amidst loud cheers, after an eloquent address, of which the above is only an outline. After a vote of thanks to the chairman for his kind exertions in this cause, and his readiness at all times to assist the workmen, the meeting separated.
MERTHYR POLICE COURT,
MERTHYR POLICE COURT, Monday, Dec. 29th. [Before T. W. Hill, Esquire.] George Jenkins, landlord of the Wellington beer-house, was charged by John Davies, with assaulting him on the 26th ult. Complainant said—" On Friday last I called at the Wellington and asked for a pint of beer, and asked if they had seen the umbrella which I had lost there on the previous Saturday, and also fourteen shillings, when defendant told me to go from the house, and struck me down. Then he and his wife kicked me out. When I was on the road, I rose up and he knocked me down again, and kicked me twice-^he once kicked me on my mouth, by which two of my teeth are loosened."—A witness named John Davies corroborated complainant's evidence.—Defendant admitted that he had assaulted complainant, but not to the extent stated, nor before he (complainant) had assaulted him and wife; complainant had used very abusive language. Defendant was fined f5, or two months' imprisonment in Cardiff House of Correction in default of immediate payment. Morgan Nicholas and Edward Edwards, were charged by William Maun, with assaulting him on the 23th ult. Fined 5s. each and costs. Jeremiah Collins (who did not appear) was charged by John Jones, with assaulting him last Friday. Com- plainant, who is 67 years of age, said that Collins came to the house where he lodges—sat down and asked him if he would shake hands with him, which he (complainant) did. lie said he was very 'dry', and asked complainant for a share of a quart of beer.' Complainant said he had no money. He then asked the woman of the house, but she replied that she had not got any, whereupon he came towards complainant like a bull-dog, and struck him in the face. Fined jEt and costs, and in default of imme. diate payment to be imprisoned for three week3. Samuel Davies was charged by John Griffiths, his son- in-law, with non-payment of wages, amounting to £3 16s. Griffilhs said that he engaged to work for his father- in-law at 18s. a-week. worked five weeks—received only 14s., leaving £3 16s. due. He said that his wife died some time since, and that his father-in-law pulled' him to live with him, in order to keep the furniture and other property, none of which he could now get from his hands. Defendant said that he had a bill of £ 17 3s. against complainant. Griffiths said that they had been with an attorney, and it was settled that Davies should return his property, but he would not abide by his agree- ment, and besides he only owed him £3 14s., ,yhich con- sisted of funeral expenses, and the maintenance of him- self and wife for six weeks. It was finally agreed that Davies should relinguish his claim of £ 17 3s. and return a clock, part of the property, to Griffiths, and that he (Griffiths) should relinquish his claim of jM 16s. and both signed an agreement to that effect. David James, of Pontypridd, was charged on the in- formation of Superintendent Hemer, with being drunk and disorderly on the 27th ult., at Merthyr. Proved by P.C. Thomas. Fined 5s. and discharged. DOG STEALING.—Edward Jones, labourer, of Dowlais, was charged by John Russell, Esq., surgeon, of the same place, with stealing a spaniel bitch, his property, which he tried to sell at Tal-y-bont, a distance of 11 miles. Committed to Cardiff House of Correction for on e month only, this being his first offence. ♦ LLANTUISSENT PETTY SESSIONS.—[Held 26th Dec., 1845, before R. F. Rickards, Esq., Col. Smith, and E. M. Williams, Esq.]—Mary William, of Lantwitvardre, applied for an order of affiliation upon one John Martin, of Bridgcnd, whom she alleged to be the putative father of her female illegitimate child a summons had been duly served and proved upon the oath of the constable defendant neglected to appear the case was heard Oil the evidence of the mother, and corroborated by others to the satisfaction of the Justices present. Order granted to pay 2s. per week from the birth of the said child.— John Nicholas, of Cowbridge, appeared by virtue of a summons granted upon the application of Ann Arnott, of the parish of Llantrissent, for an order upon him to pay weekly towards the maintenance of his illegitimate child; the case was heard, and defendant acknowledged himself to be the father of the child. Order granted to pay 5s. per week for the first six weeks from the birth of the said child, and from thence 2s. 6d. per week costs paid same time.— Thomas Williams was summoned upon the complaint of James Hodge, for an assault; settled out of court; costs paid. — Thomas Sanders and others appeared by virtue of a summons, on the complaint of Hopkin Williams, sheriffs officer, for assaulting him whilst in the execution of his duty at Treforest, in the parish of Lantwitvardre. Thomas Sanders was found guilty, and fined £2 and costs; time allowed to pay: the others were liberated for want of evidence to substan- tiate the case on the grounds they were accused, except one William Bamfield, who did not appear; a warraut for his apprehension has been granted.—Also, on the complaint of Thomas Evans, of Treforest, the said Win. Bamfield was summoned to appear: parties settled out of court; case dismissed; costs paid by complaiuant.— Also, on the complaint of Lucretia Evans, of Treforest, James Williams and 'Thomas George were to appear by virtue of a summons issued against them for assaulting her; case was settled out of court previous to Petty Sessions costs paid by complainant.—Also, on the com- plaint of Sarah Griffiths, John Lewis was to appear by virtue of a summons, for an assault parties did not appear; case adjourned. — Mary John and Mary, her daughter, both of Eyelissa, in the parish of Lantwitvar- dre, appeared by virtue of a summons issued against them on the complaint of Frances Richards, of the same place; the case was heard, but complainant could not substantiate her case; ordered to pay costs.—John Morgan, of Pentyrch, also appeared by virtue of a summons on the complaint of Evan Jenkins, of the same place, fur having violently assaulted and beaten him defendant proved guilty, and ordered to pay 20s. fine and costs; time allowed to pay.—John Moore, of the parish of Lant- witvardre, also was apprehended by James Thomas, one of the policemen of the Newbridge district, for beipg drunk and disorderly; fined 2s. 6d. and costs; time allowed to pay. Morgan Davies, of Newbridge, carpenter, also appeared by virtue of a summons on the complaint of David Jones, carpenter, of the same place, for refusing to pay him wages for labour; defendant found guilty, and ordered to pay the amount and costs.-Also the said Morgan Davies appeared on the complaint of Evan Evans carpenter, for refusing to pay him wages for labour the case was allowed to be settled by reference out of court. [Omitted in our last of the proceedings on the 12th Dec. before R. F. Rickards and John Hewitt, Esqrs.]—Rees1 Hopkins, boatman on the Glamorganshire Canal, appeared on the complaint of Mr. William Fletcher, of the Bu*h Inn, Treforest, Lantwitvardre, for having maliciously damaged and injured the front door of the said Bush Inn defendant found guilty, and ordered to pay 5s. damage, and costs, and in default of payment was committed to the Common Gaol at Cardiff, and there to be imprisoned and to be kept to hard labour for the space of one calendar month. COWBRIDGE PETTY SESSIONS, DECEMBER '23, 1845.— [Present, It. C. Nicholl Carne, Richard Bassett, and Robert Boteler, Esqrs., and the Rev. A. Dene.]—The overseers of Landough applied for an order for the re- moval of Maria Williams from the parish of Landough to the parish of St. Hilary: after several witnesses were examined, the order was made accordingly.—[Dec 30, 1845, R. C. Nicholl Carne, Hugh Entwisle, and Robt. Boteler, Esqrs, ]-Llewellill Robert, one of the overseers of Lanblethian, applied for an order for the removal of Mary Jones from that parish to the Middle Hamlet of Langonoyd: order made accordingly. Last week, the Reverend Evan Morgan, Vicar of Lantwit Major, in this county, was instituted by com- mission from the Lord BishoD of Llandaff, to the Vicarage of Llantrissent, in this county. Patrons, the Dean and Chapter of Gloucester. BOWRINGTON SCHOOLS, MAESTEG.—On Wednesday week, the 24th ult., the examination of the pupils in these schools took place, in the presence of a large body of gentlemen and other residents. It was made in the upper or boys' school, which, besides being beautifully painted for the occasion, was most tastefully decorated by the female pupils with garlands, festoons, &c. The visitors upon their first entrance were much struck by the well- dressed, cleanly, and healthy appearance of the 160 boys and girls, who welcomed them on their entrance. After several appropriate hymns had been sung, about twenty recitations were delivered by the children, some of whum were not more than four years of age, and it was admitted they all acquitted themselves in a most able manner. The master's son, who came over expressly for the occa- sion from his school at Yniseedwyn Works, inspected their progress in grammar, history, mental arithmetic, and general knowledge. When upon progress in the scriptures and moral conduct, they were strictly inspected by the Rev. Thos. Hughes Jones, the officiating minister of our Chapel of Ease, who gave a benediction. The head- master of the school then addressed them, returning the children thanks for the great approbation they had ob- tained for their teachers and themselves. He then de- manded three cheers for the Llynvi Iron Company, which were heartily given. The resident director then addressed them in a neat speech, recommending a continuance of their present attention to their kind teachers, and applica- tion to their school discipline, thanking them for the progress they had made [the schools have not yet been opened five months], and concluded by demanding three cheers for the governor and governess. After marching and singing two or three songs and choruses appertaining to the circulating system, the children departed, thus con- cluding an examination reflecting great credit on the parties concerned. FREEMASONRY.—CAVBRIAN LODGE, No. 472. NEATH. -The members of this Lodge celebrated the Festival of St. John on Saturday last, according to the annual custom of the craft, in their handsome new room, at the Castle Hotel, and afterwards dined together, under the able presidency of the newly installed Master of the Lodge, Frederick Fredricks, Esq., of Duffryn. As the dinner itself was merely an accidental circumstance of the meet- ing, it would be hardly worth while to notice it; but injustice to Mrs. Savours, we feel bound-to observe, that a handsomer or better repast of the kind, with superior wines, could not have been served up at any hotel in the principality. The real pleasure of the evening consisted iu that combination of benevolent and charitable feeling- of that mutual desire to oblige and to be obliged—and of that disposition for cheerful and rational enjoyment which FREEMASONRY is so well calculated to promote and encou- rage. By the laws of the Order every disputed religious and political topic is forbidden; and thus a neutral ground is provided, on which men of the most opposite opinions on those subjects are in the habit of meeting in the most friendly spirit, and without any risk of offence to their peculiar views, be they what they may. We are glad to find that the Cambrian Lodge has been increasing in number and respectability ever since its revival about two years and a half ago; and that its beneficial effects are felt and acknowledged. On the occasion now noticed, the Brethren separated at about ten o'clock, congratulating each othero n having attended a meeting which could not fail to promote that kindly and friendly disposition which should ever prevail amongst neighbours. SWANSEA DOCK COMPANY.—With the rapid increase of the produce and population of the South Wales iron and coal district, which, half a century since, was almost un- known and unappreciated, the accommodation for the vast increase of trade has not kept pace the harbour of Swansea, from its situation at the mouth of the Bristol Channel, convenient for the great mineral district of South Wales, is at present totally inadequate to give the neces- sary shipping accommodation, and hence it is that the supply of all the great necessaries of life to the iron districts have been enjoyed by Bristol-while, had Swan- sea a proper extent of docks, from the large amount of capital invested in shipping in that port, whose vessels trade with Cuba, America, &c., the greatest portion of this trade alone might be calculated to be taken up by them, and a vast increase of the general trade of the port arise when railway accommodation shall have enabled the manufactures of Manchester, Staffordshire, &c., to be shipped as cheaply at Swansea as at Liverpool. Under these circumstances, the present company has been formed, for the construction of capacious and competent wet docks, with all necessary accessories and conveniences; a site for such purposes has been chosen of the most eligible nature; but few proprietors occupy the land re- quired, aud the interference with buildings or other 's valuable property (generally a heavy outlay in populous towns) will be but small. The construction of such works will materially improve the interest of the proprietors of the railways centering in Swansea, and which must also add to the remunerative character of the Swansea Docks, which, from the vastly increasing commerce of the port and neighbourhood, will most probably prove a highly profitable speculation. From the statistics of the port, it appears that, although the first cargo of foreign ore arrived so recently as 1827, the quantity in the past year exceeded 45,000 tons. The increase in the number of ships trading to foreign ports has been as follows—viz: 1814,4; 1834, 46; 1840, 328; and in 1844, 605—viz., 168 inwards, and 437 outwards, with cargoes-while the increase in the number of vessels frequenting the port, exclusive of the above, was as follows-viz: Years. Vessels. Register Tonnage, I 1843 4001 953,1 Id 1844 4017 261,698 1845 4132 268,243 thus showing a highly satisfactory and increasing trade, and proving almost to a certaiuty that the establishment of the docks in question will return an ample per centage for investment. The capital is £ 200,000, in 10,000 shares of JE20. SWANSEA SAVINGS BANK.—Dec, 27th, 1845. Deposits received, £253 9s. 3d,; repaid, f498 18s. 8d. Notices to withdraw, JE213 13s. 9. Manager—Mr. Martin Bevan. SWANSEA.—The attention of Dissenters as well as of members of the Establishment is much attracted by the continued zeal of the inew Vicar, the Rev. Robert S. Bunbury, in advocating the doctrine of our blessed Saviour's Diviuity, so that the Unitarian Minister seems to have thought it his duty to notice it by a printed remonstrance addressed to the vicar, who, on Christmas evening last in his sermon at church acknowledged a copy, declaring it to have been written iti courteous language, at the same time expressing his surprise at the forbearance of Christian Ministers in general, in allowing the Unitarian doctrine so long to be professed and advocated in Swansea without censure. The Unitarian remonstrance is in high request, and to which it is rumoured the vicar will reply from the pulpit on Sunday next. Many highly applaud the Vicar's zeal, while others consider it a s,p-ecies of persecution, tending only to disturb the peace at present existing among all denominations at Swansea, i- COPPER ORES SOLD AT SWANSEA, DECEMBER 31st, 1845. Mines. 21 C wts. Purchasers, Price. E. S. d. Cobre 99 Vivian and Sons 9 17 0 87 Williams, Foster, & Co. 9 17 6 Do. 94 VivianandSons. 9 17 0 Do. 91 Williams, Foster, & Co. 9 13 6 Do. 90 Sims, Willyams, Nevill, Druce, and Co. 16 0 0 j^°" 66 English Copper Company.. 15 18 0 };0 123 Williams, Foster, & Co.17 7 0 109 Do 17 1 6 J:0* 96 English Copper Company.. 9 10 6 t?°- 92 Do 16 0 0 Do. 48 Do 15 16 0 Do 40 Do. and Vivian and Sons..9150 jz° 105 Vivian and Sons Q 7 o 100 Do. 9 7 0 98 Do. 9 12 0 t^0- 95 Do 9 14 0 "°* 78 Do 9 10 0 Santiago. 100 Pascoe Grenfell and Sons. 11 7 6 Do. 96 Do 113 6 Do. 92 Do. 11 1 6 "o. 80 Williams, Foster, & Co. 11 11 6 Do. 62 Sims, Willyams, Nevill, Dmce,andCo. 16 7 0 Do. 37 Do 16 7 0 I Chili. 95 English Copper Company.. 15 2 6 1^° 91 Williams, Foster, & Co. 15 12 6 1^° 86 English Copper Company.. 15 5 6 80 Pascoe Grenfell & Sons ..15 14 6 S"cotaT!?| W0 William., Foster, S Co.. ■ #15 0 D° 96 Vivian and Sons •••••■" Bearhaven 96 Williams, Foster, « Co. 7 12 6 Do 87 Do. 7 10 6 Cronebane 75 Pascoe Grenfell & Sons 3 18 6 Do. l Sims, Willyams, Nevill, Druce, and Co. 40 Q Q Tigrony 1 Do 40 0 0 Mollcmd 9 Viywaftu4Son§ 710 0 -_no n_ on
moxmoutiismre. NEWPORT MECHANICS' ISSTITUTE. Mr. William Christopher, of the Merlin office, delivered a lecture to this institution on Tuesday last, on the" Origin and Progress of Printing," discoursing on the early state of the art, and leaving off with the introduction of printing into England, The subject will be continued from this point in a future lecture, which will be illustrated by c=r anJ practical expositions of a most interesting NEWPORT, Dec. 30.-The Minerva, laden with iron for Liverpool, broke adrift and drove athwart the bridge, received damage, and will be surveyed. FROST AND OTHERS.—The latest letter received from Van Dremans Land, at Pontypool, states that Geach, the expatriated solicitor, was, in July last, keeping a school in a small cottage at Hobart Town. Frost was actively employed as a clerk in the same place and Jones had left off driving a stage coach, and was then engaged at his trade of a watchmaker. -Hereford Journal. William Jones, Esq., of Clytha, has distributed his annual gift of clothes to the poor of Llanarth and Clytha. Mis. Wm. Jones has also given a seasonable supply of warm raiment to the poor work-people and cottagers of Clytha. The recipients of their bounty are very grateful. RESCUE FROM DROWNING.—On Friday morning, about one o'clock, as policemen Clerk and Evans were walking in Monnow-street, their attention was attracted by an extraordinary noise, which upon investigation they found proceeded from the river Mounow. Upon going to the river a man was discovered struggling in the water; they immediately got him out, and took him to the Union Workhouse, where, under the care of Mr. Woollett, he is likely to recover. The man is named William Robins, and, we believe, was intoxicated, and mistaking his way walked into the river instead of going over the bridge. We trust his escape will make him more cautious. Some mischievous varlets, on Sunday morning week, while the horses were waiting at Monmouth for the first London Mail, about five o'clock, took advantage of the horsekeeper's momentary absence, to start the horses off, and hide the coach lamps. The mail arrived in the meantime, and was delayed nearly half an hour, and eventually obliged to proceed with other horses. Some of the same party who bear the credit of previous nocturnal outrages, are suspected of having thus heart- lessly risked the livelihood of the old horsekeeper, who, for aught they care, may be deprived of bread, to gratify their childish fooleries. At a tithe Meeting held at Machen on the 24th inst., the Rev. Agustus Morgan desired his agent, Mr. Robt. Young, to return to each of his tithe payers ten per cent., and they were afterwards legaled with tbe good old Welsh fare of roast beef and plum pudding, with plenty of cwrw da.-Hereford Journal
OW' brecombire. DECREASE OF CHIME.-Our Brecon correspondent has furnished us with the following progressive statement, which will be perused with much pleasure — Total number of prisoners (including debtors) in the Gaol and House of Correction, for the county of Brecon, on Christmas day 134 j D;tto ditto *1842.. 69 Ditto ditto 1843.39 Ditto ditto 1844.. 50 Ditto ditto 1815.. 12 TRAP-ROCK A MANURE Seeing reports that, if the railroads contemplated to be made through Radnorshire went on, it was likely there would be a great manv valu- able minerals discovered that would cause a great traffic on the line; and living in Cornwall, and all my life practically engaged in mining pursuits, I thought I would go and inspect the county and I have been up through the county, but the formation of the county is so undulated that there will not be much mineral discovered except there be deep cuttings. The only thing that I observed, that is likely to make a railroad pay, will be the transit of trap-rock from the hundred of Painscastle, which is a valuable manure.(!) I saw in a field, about three miles from Hay, about 20 tons of it hauled out for manure a man was breaking it up he called it marl, but it is a regular trap-rock. I went and saw the rock they raised it from, and it is plain to any person that knows anything about the different formations, that it was formed in a state of lava by volcanic action. I calcined a piece of it, and I found it contained a large portion of carbon-I should think 10 or 12 per cent., and not more than 40 of silica. I understand it has been analysed, but those anal- yses that are obtained at a low price (generally a pound or a guinea) never notice potash, soda, and the more valuable nutriments, and there are thus many people much deceived; as they get a specimen analysed, and it contains some valuable nutriment, but as there is no report of potash and soda and the silicates, it is considered not to contain any of those ingredients, which I will venture to say is the case in this mineral. The expense of ingre- dients to analyse for potash and soda would be four times as much as they charge for analyses. Any person wishing to know the different nutriment contained in trap-rock had better look to Professor Johnson's account of trap as a manure, and there they will see the component parts of felspar and hornblend stated and when mixed, as in the trap-rock, it contains all the nutriments of vegelation. where carbon is contained along with organic and inor- ganic. Any person wishing to satisfy himself that this rock is trap, has only to go and view it, and he will see that it was formed in a fluid state.-hsiah Jenkins, Painscastle, Radnorskire.
THE LAND WE LIVE IN.
THE LAND WE LIVE IN. Farmers of England! the hour's at hand Ev'ry nerve, ev'ry muscle to si rain, 'Tis time to be up in defence of your tand The season may not come again. Would ye wish all your rights of old to lose ? Are ye willing to plough in vain ? 'Twixt plenty and poverty would ye choose ? If so, ye must labour amain, Your yellow fields laden with wavinó corn, So )a e)y a prospect fair, They threaten you now shall soon be gone, While the land lies naked and bire. Such a dastardly threat from any men. Ye surely, surety will not bear. But hurl it back at their heads agains And tell them they do not WARE. Bid them take heed, ere they rashly awake The lion asleep, wiih their cry And tell them no plotting nf theirs can break The power of industry. The League may upraise its hated head, And trumpjt its blessing on high; But its motto (believe it in time), Cheap Bread Is a base and villanous LIB. Then, farmers, by all that is good in the lanl, By all that is loyal and right, Be prompt as of old. and with heart and hand, Up, and prepare for the fight. ANTI-LEAGUE.
BIRTHS. Dec. 24,atKUybebyllPlaee, in this county, Mrs. F. E, Leach, of a son. Dec. 22, at Castle Square, Swansea, the wife of Mr. Thomas Cornock, of twins. Dec. 32, the wife of Mr. James Scourfield, draper Oxford- street, Swansea, of a son. i Dec. 25, Mrs. Henry Gorvin, Oxford-street, Swansea, of a son. Br°vn, £ q.,1fEaB5RugIS.Ir0n W°rk'' of Thomas PlSfaA, SOmCMetS,lire' the Ud>' °f S- Dec. 26, at Nailsea Rectory, near Bristol, the lady of the Rev. Frederick Brown, of a son. Dec. 24, at Ynysllynfludd. near Neath, the wife of Mr. Geo. Sims, agent to Lord Dynevor, of a son and daughter, both doing well. Dec. 28, at Bridwell, Devonshire, the lady of the Rev. Arthur Dene, rector of St. Athau's, Glamorganshire, of a son. MARRIAGES. Dec. 22, at Swansea, by the Rev. R. S. Bunbury, Vicar, Mr. Wm. Bowen, shipbuilder, to Mrs, Mary Ann Gibbins, of the Gloucester Arms, Swansea. Lately, Charles John Kelson, Esq., son of Joseph James Kelson, Esq., surgeon, Bristol. to Sarah, youngest daughter of Cqlthurst Bateman, Esq of Bertholey House, Monmouthshire. Dec. 27, at the Baptist Chapel, Abergavenny, Mr. Jonathan Dawson, of Tottenham, Middlesex, eldest son of Jonathan Dawson, Esq., Hunter-street, London, to Emily, youngest daughter of the late John Conway, Esq., Pentrhydvrun, near Newport, Monmouthshire. Dec. 30, at St. Margaret's, Westminster, by the Lord Bishop of Oxford, the Rev. Charles Edward Kennaway, second son of the late Sir John Kennaway, Bart., of Escott, Devon, to Olivia, third daughter of the late Rev. Lewis Way, of Stansted l'ark, Sussex. Dec. 26, at the Plough Chapel, Brecon, Mr. Howell Davies, of Pont Porthegwyn Parish, Garihbrengv, to Miss Ann Pritchard, of Pon--vane, Merthyr Cynog. Dec. 27, at Clifton Church. Bristol, Mr. John Hutchings, to Miss Mary Roberts, both of Newport, Monmouth shire. DEATHS. Dec. 28, at Neath, Mr. Jenkin Jenkins, butcher, aged 50 years. Dec. 29, at Newton Nottage, in this county, Catherine, wife of Mr. William Jones, aged 31 years, and for many years school- mistress for the Rev. H, H. Knight. Dec. 24, at Neath, Mrs. Catherine Morris, aged 81 years; a very quiet inoffensive woman. Dec. 22, very suddenly, during the night, the wife of Mr. Jones, mason, Ship-street, Brecon. She was well enough on the preceding day to attend at church. Dec. 24, after a long and painful illness, Phillip Boulter Cooke, Esq., solicitor, of Gloucester. Dec. 30, at Parkgwilt, near Coiiy, in this county, aged 46 Jane Phillip, leaving a family of twelve children to lament her loss. Dec. 28, at Pendoylon House in this county, Margaret, the be- loved wife of ^?kes> Esq., aged 40 years and, on the 1" Janu* £ 'kM F UC|n,r' lhe lungs, the above-named PeterThom > q-, ged. 4 j years,—universally esteemed £ •"» "»™ «■'»»" "» imTo'JI' aATMSR fliU' NewP°". Mr. Walter Phillips, aged farm as haUiff mg charac,er- lle had lived on the anv descrimion f v. ^or,J yeavs- tc»ok no medicine of 100th vflar j°r twon'y years, lie completed his before Christmas-day, and died In the full *ank i a* faculties, conscious of hU decline, and aa a child slumbers on its mother's bosom, peacefully and blessed. On Christmas day last, aged 91. at No. 1, Nelson-terrace, Swansea, after being many years bedridden, Mrs. Sarah Moselev, widow of the late Moseley, Esq., of Rainbow Hill, Wor- cester. Dec. 27, at the age of 41 years, Mr. Wiiiiam Davis, of the Tredegar Arms, Newbridge, in this county. Dec. 27, at Crickhowell, aged 73, after a few days illness Mrs. Burfield, for many years a respectable ironmonger, of that town, Dec. 28, at Kelston, James feel Cockburn, eldest sou of tl*j of VwlSj aged 38.
THE HVitDIFF A\l) JIUTilYil…
} r waistcoat on the ground. I then went upstairs | :°]^n^ "le candle, which I had left burning', exiin- f j^*lSued ——Biirl the box in which the money was deposit; >r tJI?" The money consisted of two £ 5 notes of the f a loiial Provincial Bank and Mr. To'.vgnod's 13a:ik t]0nie SOvei'e:S'>3 and half-sovereigns, and silver. One of h 8i?oles ,,vas new, and the other rather worn. Prisoner si M1 'n our service three years, during which time lie 'n 'he house. lie left on the 30th of May last. He 'i oppor tunities for knowing where I kept the mo:i?v. ouml tlie box at half-past six on Saturday mominy • nd 'he house. It was a paper trunk, and "the bolt of e lock was not through the hasp. The cover was acked, but not through. n There were a few half-pence In the box, but the no^s, gold, and silver Irnd been taken vay. The money was kept by me in a little box, which as placed in the large box or trunk. My mother, aged Hi»' a'1C* HUP'le;v with tis in the house on the *»'it previous to the robbery. When I returned and 'ssoij the box my mother (who slept down stairs) was n a3 was also my nephew upstairs. He was not up, otbeing able to get up in consequence of a severe full htch be had in the barn on Friday morning, by which be SUstained considerable injuries. To get at the money- ^°x a person must have gone by my nephew's bed. There ,ls a black silk purse in the little box, but the money W;is kept loose. James Farish, landlord of the Hummer Hotel, Cardiff, amined I know the prisoner, having seen him on aturJay evening last at my house. Ho came to the °"se about seven o'clock. IMr. George Williams and another person, whom r see present, w&re with him. I "not say whether they came in together, but 1 saw ern together. They called for a irl.rss of wine a piece, i.Pearing 10 be one cnrnp:1u\ They were served by Ill} and she came to me for change of a sovereign as P'isoner tendered that in payment for the wine. Pri- ,ll0r asked for me, and wanted to see me to give me a o us-s of wine. I went to him on being sent for the reco"d time. He asked me what I would take to drink. s<ud I (Ud not want air, thing from him, as he was a ranger to me but on being pressed by him I took a 8tnall glass of wine, for which he paid. He brought out sOme sovereigns and some silver mixed together. I saw that he was intoxicated, and asked him what he did with So much money about him. He said he was going on a 8Pr?e. I said—" Turn out of your pockets what money ¡OQ have—leave it with me, and it will be safe for you °-uiorro\v morning." The other young men who were .th him persuaded him to do so as it would be safe. lie turned out sixteen sovereigns and some shillings ^pon the counter but hs took the shillings back again the sixteen sovereigns upon the counter. There ere sovereigns and half-sovereigns. Then I asked him T"' Is that all the money you have got?" He said VPutting his hands in his pockets and searching), I h.nd ■ill0 P'eces of paper, but I think they are gone." Mr. 'lliams said—" Perhaps you have dropped them;" and W.) looked about the ground, and picked up two 0 notes just behind prisoner. 1 was on one side of the "unter and they were on the other. I said to prisoner You had better leave me have these notes as well as e sovereigns you are very drunk—not fit to go anv "here else, you had better go to bed." I put notes and SOVerei "03 together in to my desk. He said the notes ,Vere his property when they were picked up. The notes ?Vere-one of the National Provincial Bank, which note ild been cut in two as if for the purpose of bei ng sent to ^•ttievvhere, and the other of Mr. Tow good's bank. ''soner Went upstairs to bed immediately at my house. r;0 asked for pens and ink—asked for a pistol to blow ls brains out, and other things, hut it was to the girl a,'d not to me. The next morning lie was up early, and Synt and asked tee to give him the monev. I came down *'airs between eight and nine—saw him—and asked him he had heard that his aunt had been robbed at the 'ack Weir. He said—" No." Do you know what he people say 1" said I. They say this is the money lat I have got." I had heard two hours after he went 0 bed on the night previous that his aunt's house had eell robbed. lie said he had got the money to pay 8oriie workmen at Cowbridge. I said that as soon as George Williams came there I would give him (PllsOner) the mOlwy; and, said—"You bad better then 8° up and see your aunt and if it is her money return It to her." He said the money was not theirs, but he ^?uld go up to Black Weir to see his aunt. Mr. George 'lliams came there shortly afterwards, and in his pre- 8ence I returned prisoner the money— £ iG. They then eft my house together. .George Williams, tailor, of Queen-street, (the Run- ^'Hg-camp) CardirT, examined. I did not know the Prisoner until Saturday evening last. Between G and 7 0 clock on that evening I called at Mr. Parish's, and there a*v the prisoner and a young man named John Williams, bogether: in the liquor shop. He had a glass of brandy efore him, and asked John Williams to drink it, as he Jd'risoner) had had enough-he was quite tipsy. John 'lliams refused, and then he asked me. I said I was .?*■ in the habit of drinking rum or brandy, but I took 6 brandy—put water into it—and drank it. He then joshed Mr. Farish to come and take a glass of wine with 'H. Farish came to the shop shortly '^Wards, .and on being asked and pressed by prisoner j.0 take a glass of wine, he did so, and glasses of wine Or each of us were ordered and brought in. Prisoner Put his hand into his coat pocket—drew out a rag—and n.slde the rag was some paper. He opened the paper, I perceived that it contained a quantity of gold coin. e appeared to be going to take money from that parcel 0 Pay for the glasses; upon which John Williams ob- to him that he had just received change of a Ve''eigii. Prisoner said he was so tipsy that he hardly new what he had and then he put his hand into his POCket and drew out. some silver. He had before this hSked Miss Farish if he could get a bed there.. He said e had missed the omnibus to Bridg.'nd, where he ought H have been, as he had received the money fro n James ■ihomas to pay some men there. [Witness then entered 11.:0 further details, which were simply a reiteration of of the statements made by Mr. Parish with this ?l'('ition, that a half-sovereign was delivered into the Ja.lIds of John Williams wrach wOld,! setvehim (pri- *^Uer) as he did not want to touch the money in Mr. Parish's hands." He then proceeded.] After prisoner ^_ent to bed I was informed of the robbery at Black •fir, and it was said that as prisoner was Mr. Rees's **ephew he might have been concerned in it. The next "horning (Sunday) I saw Mr. Farish hand prisoner the '"otiey. Prisoner said—" I want to go oil to Bridgend as I ?ut?httohave been there last nigiit." Mr. Farish asked him he had heard of the robbery at his Aunt's, at Black ■eir. Pie said he had not. Mr. Farish said it was cur- rently reported that he (prisoner) had committed the tobber)", and that the money he (prisoner) was spending the money taken from his Aunt's. Prisoner said — How much was robbed." Mr. Farish replied £;30." prisoner then said—" Oh! it was ^'28 only I had, to pay "e men near Cowbridge or near Bridgend; and that rnQney I had from the bank. I shall go up immediately 0 tny Aunt's Before Mr. Farish delivered the notes advised him to take their number. When handing the ItJoney to prisoner Mr. Farish said—"You know best Whether you have committed this robbery or not. It is °n'y £ 30 was taken you have not spent much of them \»e'' so J-0" had better go, if you are guilty, to Black *eir—give the money to your Aunt—ask her pardon, *'i<i you may escape exposure and disgrace." Prisoner **Ul he knew nothing of the robbery, but woulJ, however, go to Black Weir. ° Prisoner having been asked if he had anything to say, 4r*d a suggestion having been thrown out that he might fJ*sUy exculpate himself by producing the James Thomas," with whom he said he had received the money, Or hy naming the Bank" referred to by him in his con- versation with Mr. Farish, said:—"It was of my father had the money. I must have my father and Mrs. *homas, a next-door neighbour of ours, to prove where was on Friday night." His father was then about to enter the room, but on desired to remain outside until prisoner had made his etaterueiit, he (prisoner) refused to proceed any fUrther. Wilham Rees (prisoner's father) was then examined, having been called by his son. Witness said —I gave ''irn (prisoner) £ 28 on last Tuesday week night. It was at Pencoed I gave it to him. I gave it to him because I ^as rather in liquor, and he was sober; and so he said- Father, I will take care of the money I will take it to Cardiff and bring it back to you on Saturday to pay the men. The £ "28 consisted of tive £ 5 notes and three Sovereigns. J live in Cardiff; but my son and I were Forking near Pencoed, (which is also near Bridgend.) I know there were Cardiff Banks among the notes. •I'here were two half-sovereigns. I parted with him on the Wednesday morning, and did not see him since till h*st Sunday night at Brigan—iron-works under Sir John Guest. The men were waiting on Saturday to get their J*»oney—expecting him back. That is all I have to say. ha man is here with whom I had the money his name ls John Williams. John Williams examined I live at Pencoed. William Sees, the cIder, came to me on last Monday night week, he wanted to borrow of rne a certain sum of money. told him if he could give me security for them he should have them. He gave me the security. (Paper handed to the Mayor.) On the Tuesday following we met, and paid him the money, namely—five £5 notes, two sove- *'&igus, and two half-sovereigns. I had one or two notes Gf tlie National Provincial Bank—nearly new but I cannot prove the others. Thomas Rees, aged 13, (prisoner's brother) examined <My brother slept with me on Friday night. I was speak- >lsg with him at five o'clock Saturday morning in bed. I :Inti my little brother went to bed between 8 and 9 but flly eiiiiir brother (prisoner) cunie to bed at two in the horning. It was he told me in the morning what time he came to bed. My sister locked the doer arid took the key with her when she went to bed. He told me he Niacin by the back-way thiough the next house. I got \1p 1tt six o'duel, I k,t;ow it was six: o'clock because I Went 10 Mrs. Thomas's to see by her clock. We have no clock, but she has. Mr s. Jane Thomas, a person of most respectable appearance, residing in I f ill's-terrace, was next called by P'isoner. She said :—Prisoner's sister always sleeps with fIle. On Friday night he came to our house, and went "no hit house through mine, as he has done many times before. He went to ùe,1 about 11, and he was in bed at 8 the next morning. A few minutes after that I saw him at his breakfast. I did not see the little boy till I went into their house at 8,—that was the first time 1 saw him that morning. No .person was up in my house till 8, and 110 one came there all any message or on any business. The magistrates decided that the evidence was not fully sufficient to warrant the prisoner's committal for trial 'hut he was held to bail—liimselt in the sum of £ 00, and his father and Mr. John Williams, of Peneoed, in the of £20 each—to appear at the next Glamoi gans lire -Assizes,, to be holden at Swansea, and to take his trial tW airy ckajge that may be preferred against hiui.