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|&t$r?Uanrou £ DEATH OF LORD WHAUNCLIFFE.—This melancholy event took place at Wharncliffe House, in Curzon-street, at half-past ten on Friday morning and so little was it anticipated that Lady WhaniclifTe and several other members of the family were absent. The cause of death is supposed to have been suppressed gout precisely the same malady, in fact, which so recently carried off the deceased's friend and neighbour, Earl Spencer. The noble baron had been confined to his house for upwards of a fortnight past, and was, therefore, unable to attend the late momentous meetings of the cabinet councils, nor was he present at Osborne House when the Peel ministry placed in the Queen's hands their resignation of offiee still no one expected a fatal termination of the noble lord's illness, and death, therefore, came upon him almost suddenly, and he is said to have retained his faculties to all but the last moments. By his death the lord lieuten- ancy of the west riding of Yorkshire (to which he was appointed on the death of the Earl of Harewood, in 1841) is vacant; and a vacancy is also occasioned in the repre- sentation of the west riding of Yorkshire, by the elevation of the Hon. John Stuart Wortley to the peerage. James Archibald Stuart Wortley Mackenzie, Baron Wharncliffe, of Wortley, in the west riding of the county of York, was born in October, 177G. On the 30th of March, 1799, he married Elizabeth Caroline Mary, daughter of John the first Earl of Erne, b) whom he had issue three sons and one daughter namely, 1, John Stuart, M.P. (the present baron), born 23rd April, 1801, and married, 12th Decem- ber, 1825, Georgiana Elizabeth, third daughter of Dudlev first Earl of Harrowby (sister of Lord Sandon), and has issue three sons and two daughters; 2, Charles Stuart, born 3rd June, 1S02, and married Lady Emmeline Charlotte Elizabeth Manners, second daughter of the present Duke of Rutland, and died 22nd May, 1844, leavinc a son and daughter; 3, James Archibald Stuart, Queen's Counsel, born 3rd July, 1805, and unmarried; 4, Caroline Jane, born in 1807, and married, in 1830, the Hon. John Chetwynd Talbot, third son of the Earl of Talbot.. The deceased lord was the second son of James Archibald Stuart, second son of John third Earl of Bute, K.G., who married, in 1736, Mary, only daughter of Edward Wortley Montagu. Colonel Stuart, on the death of his mother (Baroness Mountstuart in her own right), succeeded to her ladyship's great Yorkshire and Cornwall estates, and assumed in January, 1795, by sign-manual, the additional surname of Wortley, and subsequently in- heriting the extensive landed property in Scotland, of his uncle, the Right Hon. James Stuart Mackenzie, assumed, in 1803, the name and arms of Mackenzie, of Rosehaugh. Mr. Wortley in early life entered the army, and served in Canada and the Cape, but having little relish for a military life, he sold out in his 26th year. In 1802 he was elected a member of the House of Commons, and sat for Bossiney till 1818, when he was returned for the county of York, and continued to represent that great county till 1826, when he gave offence to the majority of the constituency by his opinions on the Catholic question, and having retired from the contest in preparation, he was elevated to the peerage by patent (12th July, 1826). For some years he had taken a prominent part in political affairs. In 1828, when the Duke of Wellington suc- ceeded Lord Goderich, Lord Wharncliffe took office under the noble duke, and displayed much tact in business. On the introduction of the Reform Bill, by Lord Grey, in 1831, his lordship strenuously opposed that measure on various grounds, which he stated with great force and eloquence, and moved an amendment for the purpose of throwing it out, but the bill was carried by a majority of 41. In 1834, during Sir Robert Peel's short tenure of office, Lord Wharncliffe took the office of Lord Privy Seal. In 1841, when Sir Robert Peel succeeded Lord Melbourne, the noble baron became Lord President of the Council, and continued in that office up to the recent resignation. Independently of minute attention to public business, the deceased lord was an active magistrate, having for many years acted as Chairman of the West Riding Sessions he was also Colonel of :he South York- shire Yeomanry Cavalry, one of the most efficient corps on the roll. To his love for active business he added considerable literary taste, as is evinced by his splendid edition of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu's Letters." His chief merit lay in his aptitude for the business of active life. As the representative of Yorkshire, he was never exceeded either fer knowledge or industry, and his legal acquirements were of a high order. As a public speaker he was rather forcible than eloquent—more argu- mentative than ornamental. As a minister of state, he combined sound judgment with great practical energy. The noble baron, as we have state. is succeeded in his title and estates by the Hon. John Stuart Wortley, mem- ber for the west riding, whose elevation to the peerage, it is supposed, will induce Lord Morpeth to make an attempt to regain his position there. But whether this shall be done in an isolated contest, or in a general elec- tion, must depend upon the necessities of parties. We apprehend, however, that the west riding Conserva- tives will be at their post, to maintain the ground which they so gallantly won in 1841. The families of the Duke of Rutland, the Marquess of Bute, the Earl of Harrowby, Earl Talbot, and several others, are placed in mourning by the decease of the late baron. The deceased lord is thus described in Lodge's Peerage, James Archibald Stuart Wortley, Baron Wharncliffe, of Wortley, in the county of York, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, Lord President of the Council; Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire a Commissioner of the India Board a Commissioner for Building Churches; and an official Trustee of the British Museum. A society was organized at the London Tavern, on Thursday week, for the purpose of enabling persons who had engaged in railway Qpeculationa to prosecute claitv»9 for the recoyery of deposits, and to enable them also to resist the demands of provisional committees for payment of alleged expenses. The Dutchess of Bedford officiated last week for her husband in breaking ground for the Bedford and Bir- mingham Railway. A project is in contemplation for laying along the line of the Birmingham and Gloucester Railway pipes for the conveyance of brine from the salt-pits of Droitwich and Stoke Prior, to Gloucester, to be manufactured there into salt. It may be mentioned, as a proof of the immense amount of business now being carried on by the manufacturers of locomotives, that no firm engaged in the trade will contract to supply engines in less than three years.— Newcastle Journal. [It should be remembered that this trade forms in many respects an exceptional case; its state having but a slight and indirect reference to the general state of trade.] Many have supposed that Lord John Russell foresaw the precise time of his being "sent for" by the Queen a correspondent, whom we can trust, shows that the fore- sight did not exist—the summons was quite unexpected. This is an extract from a letter-U Lord John Russell was sitting with his wife at Douglas's Hotel, [in Edinburgh,] reading to her, at ten o'clock in the evening, when the Queen's messenger arrived and on hearing that some- body wished to speak to him, he declined seeing him unless he mentioned his name and the business he came upon. The messenger sent up his name, which was unknown to Lord John; but declined mentioning his errand. Lord John then refused to see him and he was obliged to send up by tht waiter the Queen's private letter."—Spectator. It has been noticed that the apples introduced this year from the United States into the London markets are much more affected than those of this country, and that few will keep. The disease is equally extensive and analogous in its propagation to that so general in potatoes. -Morning Post. ¥ IRONSTONE MINERS.—The ironstone getters in the neighbourhood of Dudley have resumed their work at the old prices, having found it would not do to resist their masters, as there was an abundant stock of iron- stone on the bank. Woloerkatnpton Chronicle, Repeal of the Corn Laws cannot be an isolated measure, but must involve with it the repeal of the Malt Tax, Hop Duty, and all duties on the importation of foreign produce and manufactures of every description whatever; and the inevitable result of these measures, as direct taxation to a sufficient amount to pay the expenses of the country and the interest of the National Debt would be impossible, would be "repudiation" of the latter charge. Consider this calmly, ye short-sighted manufacturers and fund holders!—Gloucestershire Chronicle. A HINT TO CONSERVATIVES.—Some of the Yorkshire Conservatives are very anxious to promote a good under- standing with the Conservatives of South Lancashire, and for each to purchase qualifications in the other county. If they would exert a little energy this way, they might soon defeat the League. The Conservatives in the agri. cultural counties ought to fight their battles in the manufacturing counties; if they do not, the war will soon be carried into their own quarters.—Liverpool Courier. A gentleman in our office has with great labour made the following computation of the capital required for the railways deposited with the Board of Trade. For England, JE:334,400,000 Scotland, f 30,000,000; Ireland, £25,000,000; total capital, £ 389,400,000. Of this amount many of the lines are duplicates; and in some cases, three, four, five, and six plans, are deposited fot the same scheme, or schemes to the same place. That will not affect the amount of deposits, if they are all made, which would be JE29,250,000, or 10 per cent. on three-fourths of the amount of the capital. But the deposit is only re- quired to be on three-fourths of the estimates; which deposit may not be £20,000,000. We think we may fairly say not two-thirds of this sum will be deposited.— Herapath's Journal. GRAND JURIES.—We observe with regret that the Law Commission has recommended the abolition of Grand Juries, and some of the jurors of the Middlesex courts appear to have taken up the same opinion. Whilst the grand inquest is the safeguard of the liberty of the subject, the shield of protection thrown over the innocent man towards whom strong but unjust suspicion points, is in- valuable—without it, he must be overwhelmed by his enemies, and his character lost for ever. The flippancy with which it is proposed to abolish time-honoured insti- tutions, proved to be useful, is one of the characteristics of the age. AMMONIA IN RAIN.—Any one may satisfy himself of the presence of ammonia in rain by simply adding a little sulphuric or muriatic acid to a quantity of rain-water, and by evaporating this nearly to dryness in a clean porcelain basin. The ammonia remains in the residue, in com- bination with the acid employed, and may be detected either by the addition of a little chloride of platinum, or more simply by a little powdered lime, which separates the ammonia, and thus renders sensible its peculiar pungent smell. The sensation perceived on moistening the hand with rain water, so different ftom that produceu by pure distilled water, and to which the term "softness" is vulgarly applied, is also due to the carbonate of ammonia contained in the former.—Leibig's Organic Chymistry. Several judicious and economical changes in the dress and equipment of the Army have been officially an- nounced they consist of all elastic leather stock in place of the present stiff one, thick cotton shirts instead of linen, and the substitution of light worsted trousers in place of white linen or duck. FIRST CATCH YOUR HARE.—The Morning Chronicle savs, "We learn that active committees have been formed in Bath and Bristol, since the recent free trade meetings in those cities, for the purpose of promoting the enfran- chisement of free traders in East Somerset, West Gloucester, and North Wilts—a proceeding at all times constitutional, and more than ever necessary at the present crisis." Of coursc; but, gentlemen, the country is fortunately too wide awake to succumb in this way to the Cottonocracy. A CASE OF CONSCIENCE—Three years since a lady in this neighbourhood lost a watch, which she suspected was stolen from her as she was riding in an omnibus. This week the watch has been returned, without any clue being given as to the party who had so long kept pos- sessioifof it, but Avith a request that the reward offered for the recovery of it might be given to the Church Missionary Association.—Bristol Mercufy. MUNIFICENT DONATIONS The Earl of Eldon has, through the hands of the Lord Bishop of the Diocese, contributed the munificent sum of £ 1000 to the funds of the Gloucester and Bristol Diocesan Church Building Association. The noble Earl has also given £1000 to the Salisbury Diocesan Building Association; and £1000 to the Durham Society. It is understood that the princely donations of the noble Earl to the church have been given as thank-offerings on the occasion of the birth of a son and heir (Viscount Encombe) to the titles and estates enjoyed by the Earl of Eldon. "CHRISTMAS BOXES."—-A novel move has just been made among the tradesmen of Tenbury for the abolition of these eleemosynary tributes. On Friday last a meet- ing of the tradesmen was held at the Swan Hotel, to take into consideration the desirableness and practicability of discontinuing these gifts. A resolution was adopted and signed by all the tradesmen of the town, that they would henceforth discontinue the practice, which the resolution further says is productive of much oppression and dis- satisfaction between the tradesman and his customers. Bills have since been printed, informing the public of the resolution.—Worcester Paper. Much damage has been sustained on the Essex coast by the late immense tide in the Thames. Towns have been partially and villages completely flooded and in rural districts much agricultural produce has been swept away. Many years, it is said, must pass before the marsh lands which have been inundated can be rendered fit for cultivation. The Magistrate at the Lambeth Police-office received a report of one of the officers as to the condition of the sufferers by the overflow. The officer stated that he had visited twelve families occupying small cottages in Wellington Grove, Lambeth, and he had found them in a deplerable condition, most of them having lost not only. their furniture but the implements of machinery by which they obtained a living. Temporary relief had been extended to the sufferers, by the parish authorities. THE SCOTCH IRON THADB.—There appears to be no end of new iron-works. We have just heard of several works about to be erected, but four certain-vis., one in the parish of Lesmahagow, another near Wilsontown Iron-works, a third at Dalmellington, and a fourth near Kilmarnock, each of which will probably commence with four blast furnaces. It may be interesting to estimate the production when the projected works are in full operation. There are in blast, at present, 91 furnaces, and it is expected that 25 additional ones will be in blast in three months. Now, with the several new furnaces above mentioned, there will be in blast next year no fewer than 132 furnaces. These furnaces will produce the enormous quantity of 17,000 tons weekly, or 894,000 tons annually, which, with the English production of 1,200,000, will give a total produce of 2,000,000 tons of pig iron annually. So large and increasing a production accounts for the great accumulation of the stock of pig iron (the stock in Glasgow is estimated at upwards of 250,000 tons), notwithstanding the extraordinary demand for this article for the purposes of railway companies. There is a singular feature in the Scotch iron trade not generally known, but which must be rectified before the trade be put upon a secure basis. We allude to the fact that, although the rails now universally used are made of malleable iron, there are in Scotland only sufficient malleable works to convert the produce of fifteen furnaces into that description of iron. The Scotch ironmasters are also shut out from the benefit of the numerous English malleable iron works, which may be said to be supplied with pig -iron of their own manufacture. The total quantity of Scotch pig iron taken to England, and manu- factured there, is so trifling that it is not equal to the produce of more than a very few of our blast furnaces. The late high prices, we fear, will be found to have had a most inJurious effect upon the trade, both by stimulating the production to an enormous extent, and by cutting off the export of pig iron for, under the new duties im- posed by the Zollverein, foreigners cannot afford to take our pig iron except at low prices. And when it is re- membered that in 1842 (the last year in which the conti- nental exports were considerable) the amount of pig iron exported from Glasgow alone was 70,000 tons, it will be seen how important it is to cultivate this branch of the trade. And this can only be effected, bf keeping prices moderate. It is a painful fact that since 1842 the ex- portation of pig iron has all but oeased. Under these circumstances, we are at a loss to conceive how the sur- plus pig iron is to be disposed of. Should the prices fall, of course part will be exported; but until there have been erected as many malleable iron works as there are pig iron works, the trade, we fear, will suffer great de- pression in consequence of the constant accumulation of stock. On account of the many railways in course of formation or projection, there must be a great demand for malleable iron. We are therefore surprised that this branch of the trade has hitherto escaped the attention of our capitalists.—Glasgow National. A PIECE OF GOOD. LUCK.—Some days since a gen- tleman in this city, being about to remove from one resi- dence to another, sent for a party who was in the habit of purchasing books and other articles, and dealing in them, and telling him that as he wished to clear away a quantity of old lumber that lay in the kitchen and un- derground cellar, he had better look at them and see what he would give as their value. The dealer accordingly did so, and from time to time purchased them for what he conceived they were worth. Among the rest was an old iron box or safe, which had lain for years neglected in ohe of the cellars, and appeared intrinsically worth very little. He offered £1 for it, upon which the owner said he might have it. and directed him to take it away at once. The aid of four men who were in the house was obtained to remove it, but they were unable to carry it, and four more had to be brought in, whose united exer- tions placed it on a car, and it was conveyed to the pur- chaser's house in Mallow-lane. Before it was taken off the car, a pawnbroker, from Blackpool, saw the chest and proposed to buy it. The original purchaser offered it, after some higgling, for £3 10i. the pawnbroker would give him and as he could not get it for that went away. The weighty bargain was then taken off the car, but the purchaser not liking to put it on a timber floor, left it in the street for a couple of nights. On sending, however, for the key, which could not be had when he bought it, it was found by a label attached to it that the contents of the box must bave been worth more than 20s., and accordingly a gentleman, on behalf of the owner, went to where it lay, but could not open it from the rusty state of the lock. The services of a locksmith were at length/obtained, and when the box was opened, it was found to contain plate and* other valuables to the amount of, we understand, over JE500.—Cert Reporter. SINGULAR CASK OF RESTORATION.—Another instance of the almost infallibility of art. over the operations of nature, and of truth over prejudice, occurred the other day in the family/of a gentleman of high respectability in the country, and which tends to show, in a singular in- stance, the powifful virtues of ROWLAND'S MACASSAR OIL. o .ving to some cause not aufljlciently accounted for, as is frequent in such cases, a daughter of the above gentleman entirely lost her hair, so thatahe was obliged to conceal the defect by the aid of a cap and false tresses. After having done so for a period of two years, she was induced by a medical friend to try the effect of Rowland's Macassar Oil, with a view to the restoration of her hair. In the course of one month a light down was elicited, which by constant use of the Oil (rubbed on with a fine flannel), became in six months a fine and healthy growth of hair'. The satisfaction of the young lady is unbounded. —(See Advertisement). The Worcestershire Guardian says—" At the Rose and Crown Inn, on the new road between Bromsgrove and Birmingham, and on the Birmingham side of the Lickey Hills, there is a well, Sve feet deep, with a pump in it, which supplied the house with water; this water was brought by means of soughing tiles from a distance of two fields; and in consequence of the water being brackey," and sometimes of a reddish colour, Mr. Cot- trill, corn-dealer, Northield, the owner of the inn and the adjoining land, determined to sink the well deeper, and if possible, to find a spring. The miners found blue clay to the depth of eighteen feet from the surface, then a stratum of limestone one yard thick, a thin stratum of pipe-clay, a darker clay about three yards, a stratum of iron-stone, a thin stratum of soft earthy coal, like slack or small coal, and next a stratum of good coal three feet thick. The coal resembles the Bilston coal, burns well, and makes very little ashes. Underneath the coal was a sort of Vandyke-brown-colour cinder-kind of marl; and now the miners are in a blue rock stone, and underneath that rock they fully expect to find a thick bed of coal. The above coal will make good coke the shaft of the well is now fourteen yards deep. Mr. John Rodgers, plumber and glazier, Bromsgrove, brought a large lump of this coal to Bromsgrove, and put it on the parlour fire of Mr. Charles Webb, King's Head Inn, before a highly respectable company, who approved of its quality. The coal burned remarkably well, very clear, and with very little ashes. The distance of the locality from Bromsgrove is 4i miles." EXTRAORDINARY- ACCIDENT ON THE NEWCASTLE AND DARLINGTON RAILWAY.—An accident ef a very serious and singular character took place on Tnursday week on the line of the Newcastle and Darlington Railway, seven or eight miles on the northern side of Darlington, and known by the name of Morden's lair. The entire line to the extent of between 50 and 60 yards suddenly gave way, and sunk with a loud crash upwards of 50 feet below the level of the embankment, alarming the neighbourhood considerably, and speedily collecting a vast concourse of persons from the surrounding villages. Between two and three hundred labourers were despatched to the spot and set to work to repair the damage but, with all the exertions that can be used at this season, it is much feared that many weeks must elapse before the traffic can be resumed.—Railway T,leprap¡'. TIIE M.VN AT THE HELM.—It is a remarkable fact that the Fairy stfam boat. which took the late Ministers to and from the Isle of Wight, was also employed to convey Lord John Russell to Osborne-house for the purpose of seeing Her Majesty. The weather being rather boisterous, the Captain advised Lord John Russell to lie down, as Sir Robert Peel had done. Ay, ay" exclaimed little John, Sir Robert's berth will just suit me, so I'll at once turn in to it."—Punch. A WEALTHY TIIIEF.—A man named Robert Taylor was committed for two months on Monday, by the Ma- gistrates at Brentford, charged with stealing cabbages from the grounds of a market gardener. The prisoner had in his possession at the time eleven half-sovereigns, about jEH in silver, and it was ascertained he had .€1.09 in the savings' bank. He had been convicted kvice pre- viously for petty felonies. INTERESTING EXPERIMENT BY THE ROYAL BOTANIC SOCIETY, REGENT'S PAIIK.—At a meeting of the Fellows held on Saturday (George Bishop, Ksq., iu the chair), a paper on electrocultvire. by Edward Harmer Sheppard, Esq., was read by that gentleman. The subject, an interesting one in itself, was rendered much more so by an account of an experiment instituted in the gardens of the Society during the past summer for the purpose of testing how far electro galvanism might be rendered available towards promoting the growth of plants. Seve- ral specimens of turnips and mangold wurtzel were grown within the influence of this power, the smallest of which, on being measured and weighed, have proved to be larger and heavier than those which were grown in the same soil and beyond galvanic influence at a. short distance from them. One of the turnips exhibited ap- peared of an enormous bulk, and measured 40 j inches in circumference, and weighed I6j pounds. At this meet- ing the Countess of Plymouth and Lady Brinckman were elected Fellows of the Society. The large conservatory is now sufficiently advanced to give an idea of its mag- nitude. MILITARY.—The Flushing Guards, an artillery com- pany, Captain Hamilton, at their target firing on the 18th inst., out of 28 balls, put 21 into the target, and two of them through the bull's eye. This can safely challenge competition. The target can be seen at the Arsenal in a few days. They fired with brass six- pounders. American paper. ENCROACHMENTS OF THE SEA AT DOVER.—Inconse- quence of the extensive ravages made by the sea, upon the shore between Cheeseman's Head and the south pier head, during the severe gales last week, the Harbour Board have ordered a wooden breastwork to be erected on the spot, to protect the shore, and the work is now in progress, under the superintendence of Mr. Cooper, sub-engineer to the board. Begging at the church doors is such a p/ofitable trade, that all the authorised beggars at the Parisian churches pay for their places. One of them the other day sold his post for 15,000 francs (JESOO), though it was one of the poorest—[The begging system in Ireland beats this hol- low—What would Dall take for his post 1] The King of Hanover, upon the report of Sir John Hall, Consul-General in London, has bestowed the gold medal of Merit upon Capt. Burnicle, of the Myrene, of Sunderland, and a silver medal upon the mate and each of the crew, for having, in the month of October last, during a violent storm in the North Sea, rescued the captain and three of the crew of the Hanoverian ship Frau Antie, from a watery grave. The new breakwater at Harwich is expected to be commenced in a very short time. A contract for 50,000 tons of Kentish ragstone has been already made. -The Augsburgh Gazette publishes accounts from Con- stantinople of the 26th ult., which announce that, in consequence of the bad harvest, the exportation of corn from the ports of Varne and Rodosto had been prohi- bited, to commence from the 25th of December next. Mr. Isaacson, a gentleman connected with several Zoological establishments, arrived at Dover on Sunday night, from Boulogne, having in his possession five young lions, destined for the Zoological Gardens, Liverpool. A RELIC OF THE EMPIRE.—The Emperor Napoleon's favourite Mameluke, Roustan, died on Sunday week, at Dourlan, (Seine.et-Oise) where he had been living upon a small income of 5,000f. to 6,000f., derived chiefly from the sale of the presents from Napoleon and his family. A monument, the funds for which were raised by sub- scription, to the memory of the late Robert Southey, i? now in course of erection in the north aisle of Bristol Cathedral. It consists of a bust, executed in white mar- ble by Baily, R.A. MURDER OF SIR LAWRENCE JONES, BAUT., BY BRI- GANDS.—The Smyrna papers of the 28th ult., contain the following details of this horrible affair :—" On the 6th, two English gentlemen, viz :—Sir Lawrence Jones, Bart., and Captain Twopenny, left Macri for Smyrna they were accompanied by a Greek dragoman, of the name of Nicoli, and also three conductors. On the night of the same day they all slept at Karghi, and the next, at 12 o'clock, they found themselves at the foot of the mountain called Khassils Bel, where they stopped to breakfast; during this repast one of the conductors observed to the dragoman that two or three Zhybecks were at a distance in front, but as he in a short time lost sight of them, the voyageurs were undisturbed and their route was conti- nued. But they had not proceeded more than six minutes on their journey, when they were suddenly assailed by a warm fire of musketry from behind one of the rocks of the mountain. Sir Lawrence Jones fell dead, as also the Greek Nicoli, by this fatal discharge Capt. Twopenny was also grievously wounded. The robbers, withoyt the least fear of being recognised, approached and began to take possession of everything which they could lajr their hands upon. Capt. Twopenny miraculously escaped from being dispatched. One of the brigands had already pointed his pistol to the chest of the wounded Captain, when a fellow brigand turned the aim of the pistol, and it went off in a different direction. Having remained for about an hour and a half upon the stage of the field of murder, the robbers departed. Capt. Twopenny, aided by his conductor, with difficulty remounted his horse. It was not until 12 hours' ride of fatigue that the suffering gentleman arrived at Macri, weltering in his blood, which was running from his numerous wounds. He had done everything in his power to take with him the remains of his departed and unfortunate friend, but could not suc- ceed. He was satisfied in cutting off a lock of his hair, and taking a ring off his finger, (which had escaped the rapacity of the robbers) as a sort of souvenir to his afflicted family. On his arrival at Macri, hia first care was to look after the body of his companion, which was brought to Macri on the 9th, as well as that of Nicoli. Both of them were buried in the Greek Chapel, with all the ceremonies and rites of that faith. This affecting new. has produced the most melancholy sensation amongst the English resi- dents at Smyrna." SERIOUS INJURY BY GUNPOWDER.—On Wednesday afternoon week, between four and five o'clock, a very distressing occurrence took place at Mr. Leislip'a, in Wigmore street, Cavendish-square. Master Charles Leislip, a youth, aged 13, having purchased some gun- powder, had wrapped up a portion in a-.piece of thick brown paper, which he screwed up tightly at each end, in order to produce a loud report, and one end of which he lighted. The explosion not taking place so soon as he wished, he stooped upon his hands and knees, and was blowing the lighted end of the pttper when the powder exploded and struck the youth down insensible. Medical aid was obtained, and every possible remedy was applied, but, from the serious nature of the injuries, not the slightest hopes are entertained of his recovery. ANTICIPATED ELECTION.—A letter which was ad. dressed to each of the three members for the county of Bucks, has been printed for circulation, with the desire of suggesting to the constituencies of the kingdom in general, and .to the clergy in particular, the propriety of using their utmost efforts, at the next general election, to save the two Sees of Bangor and St. Asaph. 1 he writer says—" There can be no doubt, that, during the next Session of Parliament, the Legislature will be called upoa to determine on the combination, or separate preservation, of the Sees of Bangor and St. Asaph. This question is one of such vital importance to the Church, that I cannot promise my vote to any candidate for Parliament, before I have learnt whether he will vote for the maintenance of the two Sees. I hope you will excuse my requesting you to inform me, at your convenience, of your intention relative to this matter." At the Central Criminal Court Sessions, on Friday, Samuel Quennell was tried and found guilty of the late murder at Newington. The learned Judge, Lord Chief Justice Tindal, sentenced the prisoner to death, without the slightest hope of commutation of punishment. The miserable man left the bar with a firm and unembarrassed step.—In the same Court, on Wednesday, Martha Broioning, aged 23, was convicted of having murdered Elizabeth Mundel, at Westminster, and also sentenced to death. FOREIGN PROVISIONS.—The various steaib-ships trad- ing to the port of London from Holland, Belgium, France, and other continental states, have, within the last three or four days, brought a large quantity of every variety of provisions for consumption in this country, including cattle, and also butter and cheese, and especially poultry, of various kinds, chiefly turkeys, of which the steamers and sailing-packets from France and Belgium have brought an immense quantity for the supply of our markets and shops at this festive season of the year, the whole being of a very superior quality. A large number of vessels have also arrived within these few days with cargoes of grain and flour, both wheaten and potato, and some with cargoes consisting entirely of potatoes, to the amount of several tons, which, particularly at this time of alleged scarcity of those articles, assume a degree of more than usual importance. NOTICE TO MARINERS.—PORT OF CARNARVON.—Notice is hereby given, that on and after the 1st January, 1846, a fixed red light will be exhibited from dark to day-light on Llanddwyn Point, in Carnarvon Bay. It will be seen in clear weather about five miles to seaward between the bearings (from Llanddwyn by compass) of NW by N, and SW by W. This light is intended solely as a leading light for the entrance to the Menai Straits by way of Carnarvon Bar, and not for Channel purposes. Vessels bound to the Straits are recommended not to attempt the bai until day-light.—Carnarvon, Dec. 15, 1845. WRECK AND Loss OF LIFE.—It is with extreme re- gret that we have to announce the wreck of two vessels at Fishguard Bay, which happened Friday. The stern of one of them has floated in, on which is inscribed, Howard, of Savannah." There were from 30 to 40 persons seen on her deck previous to her going to pieces, but from the boisterous state of the weather no assistance could be rendered, and it is supposed that all hands perished. From the size of the stern, she must have been a ship of about 700 tons burden. The name of the other vessel we have not been able to ascertain, but full pat^cuUri wtU appear m our Pembroke Herald- A SnlPLE RULE.-To ascertain the length of the day and night at any time of the year, double the time of the sun's rising, which gives the length of the night, and double the time of setting, which gives the length of the day. INCIDENT IN THE FOREST OF DEAN.—A middle-aged female, of respectable appearance, on a recent occasion abruptly entered a shop in the town of Cole ford, and re- quested the shopman, to whom she was a stranger, to give her a penny. Struck by the singularity of the request, the young man wished to know to what purpose the penny was to be applied the applicant answered that she was endeavouring to collect thirty pence from as many young unmarried men. The thirty pence so collected wete to be exchanged for a half-crown, to be taken from any col- lection made in a church after the communion service. With the half-crown procured in that manner a ring was to be purchased, which being placed on one of the fingers of her daughter, would be a ch irm against fits, to which she was unhappily subject.—[We copy the above from a neighbouring contemporary, feeling assured of its accu- racy from previous experience. In addition to this, we know it is a common practice to solicit the minister of the parish for a communion shilling, which is transformed into a ring, and is supposed to be equally efficacious to the preceding experiment, but not quite so profitable to the silversmith employed in making it, the charm being broken if any thing is given for its manufacture, or even if he is thanked for his trouble. Wearenotbyany means inclinerl to superstitious propensities, but we know many instances in which the above has, we presume, from mental causes, had the effect of entirely eradicating the disease.] — Hereford Times. DEATH OF SIll JOHN CHETWODE, BART., M.P.—Sir J. Chetwode, Bart., M.P. for Buckinghamshire, expired on Wednesday at his marine residence at Bognor, Sussex, at an advanced age. The deceased baronet, son of the third baronet, was boru May 11, 1764, so that he was in his 82d year. He married, Oct. lti, 1785, Lady Henri- etta Grey, eldest daughter of George Henry, fifth Earl of Stamford and Warrington, who died in July, 1826. On the death of his father, in May, 1779, he succeeded to the baronetcy and the extensive family estates in Staffordshire, Buckinghamshire, and Cheshire. At the last general election, in 1841, he was returned for the borough of Buckingham by the Conservatives, in opposi- tion to Sir Harry Vernev, B trt. The deceased is suc- ceeded by his eldest son, now Sir John Chetwode, born in 1788. EXTRAORDINARY SCEXR IN A PARISH CHURCH.—A short time ago a most novel occurrence transpired within ten miles of the parish church of East Retford. The particulars of the case are as follows: -A gay young spark, holding an office under the crown, wishing to con- summate his bliss by forming a matrimonial alliance, repaired to the church above-named with the intended future partner of his weal and woe," but unfortunately— having "two strings to his bow"—both the bridegroom and the bride had to participate in the miseries of hope deferred." After some untoward circumstances had transpired, they appeared before the altar, and while the solemn ceremony was being performed, a protestation was urgently enforced by a previous belle of the sprightly aspirant for a wife, with a child in her arms, who stated that she had heretofore been joined to him in holy wed- lock. A strong altercation took place between the parties, pro and con., and the clergyman being satisfied that the statements made by the disappointed woman were false, proceeded with the marriage until he came to that most important part of it where the bridegroom had to say "I will," and on his hesitating, the clerk, by certain signs, &c., urged him so to do. He promised to comply, provided the object of his former love were absent, The minister closed the book-the farce ended-and the parties, half married, left the church, amid the yells and hootings of the congregated populace. Since then the god of hymen has smiled more propitious, for the happy couple" resorted to Sheffield, where the indissoluble knot was really tied.-Doncaster Chronicle. IMPORTATION OF GUANO.—This article, which was formerly subject only to a very low rate of duty, charged by directions of the Lords of the Treasury soon after its existence and properties for manuring land were first dis. covered, is now classed among the list of articles upon which the duties were in the last session of parliament entirely repealed; but it should be understood that it must be imported direct into this country, otherwise it will be inadmissible, although no duty is chargeable thereon. The 3d section of the act 8 and 9 Victoria, chap. 88, enacts, that goods the produce of Asia, Africa, or America, shall not be imported from Fiiurope into the United Kingdom to be used therein, except the goods enumerated in that section, and in which exception guano is not included. On an application a short time since by a party for the admission to entry of a cargo of the arti- cle, the produce of the island of Ichaboe, which was brought from that place by a British ship, and which touched at ail English port on her road, and then con- tinued her way to a foreign European port, where the guano was subsequently landed and again re-shipped for this country, it has been decided that the request, being contrary to law, cannot be complied with. This is of considerable importance, and is a proof that although certain foreign articles be free of all duty on importation into this country, yet that the provisions of the law in all other respects must be strictly adhered to, to entitle them to be so imported at all. AMUSING ACCIDENT.-The Echo, in Jullien's Navy Quadrilles, was seized last week with a dreadful cold. When it came to his turn to answer, the only response the Echo made was a tremendous sneeze.-Punch. CURE FOR DIARRHCEA.—A certain cure for this com- pliiint is found in rice-water. Boil the rice, take the water, make it palatable with salt, and drink it copiously while warm. We have never found this simple thing to fail. A DEAR KIss.-On Tuesday last, Henry Bishop, a railway labourer, was fined £ 1 and costs, by the eonnty magistrates sitting in Watlioge-street, for an assault on Mary Pritchard, at Starry, arising out of his having at- tempted to kiss her. In default of payment he was com- mitted to St. Augustine's for a month.—Kentish Observer, MELANCHOLY-ACCIDENT AT THE BLACKWALL RAIL- WAY.—Monday, about eleven o'clock in the forenoon, a young man, named Francis BurnanJ, in the service of the Blackwall Railway Company, u guard at the Liuiehouse station, sustained frightful injuries, from which he at pre- sent lies In a most- pj-ecariousstate at the London Hospital. The poor fellow, W-tio is but twenty-two years of agf, and only three weeks married, had just returned trom break- fast to resume his duties at the station. Having got on a"" the wrong side for his carriage, he was about to cross the line* when seeing a carriage coming in, he became un- decided, hesitated for a moment, and then attempted to retreat. In doing so lis fell, and the RAnge of the wheel passed over his legs, crushing ihe lelt thigh on the rail, and grindiug the booe and flesh to a jelly. The other foot was also severely lacerated. The leg was amputated in the operation theatre of the hospital, at one o clock on the same day, but little or no hopes of his recovery are en- tertained. The flax crop in Ireland this year is Jeaj by one-fourth than that of last year, owing to the failure of the Russian seed but still the value of the flax and seed of the present year is not less than jEt.T&O.OM. A CURB FOR BURNS AND SCALDS.—In the last number of the Medical Times there is an article on the efficacy of the least of beer for the cure of burns. Dr. Szerlecki has, it is stated, used it frequently in his private practice and points it out as the most simple andefhcacious method possessed by medicine to counteract the effect of burns. His mode of applying it is to spread a rather thick layer of yeast on cloth, sufficient to cover the whole of the burnt surface, the application to be renewed as it becomes dry. He declares that the action of this medicine is much more efficacious if resorted to immediately after the accident. Another excellent remedy was mentioned in that journal some months since; it consists in the application of a single laver of lint saturated in a solution of carbonate of soua. The lint should be kept wet, and pain will be quickly re- lieved.

BA.NKRUPTs.-(From the London…

£ bfitj)pin0