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barkick CIIXEEM










THE MINISTERIAL CRISIS. Since our last number another, and, to some ex- tent, an unexpected change has taken place in political arrangements: Lord John Russell has declared his inability to form a Government, and Sir Robert Peel is again in office. It seems that Lord John Russell was unable to overcome the difficulties which the dis- union of his colleagues presented, and he was, conse- quently, compelled to inform Her Majesty that he had failed in his endeavours to form a Cabinet. The Times says-Lord John Russsll has had to encoun- ter among his proposed colleagues every variety of disappointment from direct opposition to luke-warm support; and although himself hopeful of success, and willing to venture upon his great enterprise, the reluctance of some among his political friends to engage in a struggle from which Sir Robert Peel, with his majority of 90 in the House of Com- mons, and his great advantage in the Upper House, has been compelled to withdraw, may induce him to give way, and to throw upon Sir Robert Peel the full responsibility of the crisis he has created." The Globe-the evening organ of the Whigs—merely tells us-" The noble lord has seen reason to relinquish the attempt he was yesterday engaged in" "the prospects of forming an Administration under Lord John Russell are at an end." Sir Robert Peel's Ad- ministration will, then, remain in power, as it is evi- dent the country is NOT prepared to repeal those laws which have mainly enabled her to attain and maintam her present high position in the scale of nations. The following extracts from the loading Metropo- litan Press have reference to the "crisis." (From the Times of Monday.) The events of the last week have been so effemeral, so personal, so accidental, its really to be hardly worth relating. Readers whose minds will be carried on to the important future, Will not have patience for the frivolous gossip of the past. It is due to the nobleman and gen- tlemen whose movements last week occupied so unusual a space in the columns of the public press, to state that the impossibility of constructing a Ministry out of all that splendid and abundant material did not arise from any difference of opinion as to the measure to be pro- posed, They were unanimous for a total repeal of the Corn Laws; and although many of the party were in- disposed to take office, and not very hopeful of success, all had consented and the business of allotting the places BEGAN, for this PURPOSE it ili iiAi4 THAT SPECIES of provisional Cabinet in which the measure and the eme"- g' y hod b"en discussed was broken up, and Lord Jo'oi Russell gave separate interviews to his intended colleigues. Here, however, in the very first step of his A hninistratio 1 the PKEM.RH elect broke down. Rumour r dates that, beginning with Lord Grey, Lord John Ru sell offered him the Colonial Oilt.e. He accepted, but had the curiosity to ask who was to hav.' the 0.fi>1 The answer wv,, Lord Palmerston—an intirna- tio i which Ind the immediate efFect of neutralizing Lord Grey's love of place and power, patriotic and dis- i iteres'.ed as it undoubtedly was. He most strongly objected to the appointment, and, for his own part, positively refused to serve with Lord Palmerston as foreign Minister. Lord Grey in withdrawing from the Cabinet under these circumstances only followed the exanjde of the Parisian capitalists, who have been with- drawing their money from the funds with more or less haste, exactly ns there was reason to expect that Lord P;iImers!oa was to be the channel and negotiator of international security. It was in vain that Lord John represented the utter impossibility of passing such a man by; possibility or impossibility, Lord Grey was in- exorable, and took his ground on the absolute incom- patibility of himself and Lord Palmerston sitting at the same council table. The whole of Friday evening is said to hive been spent in fruitless endeavours to move the rock. As Lord John Russell considered that he could not dispense with either ot' their lordships, or at lea-t eotdd not afford to leave them at liberty to follow their own devices in the approaching struggle, he resolved again, for the last time to return his commission into Her Majesty's hands. Saturday was the day appointed for Sir Robert Peel to make the formal resignation of his official insignia; and on Saturday, accordingly he would have presented himself at Windsor for that purpose, if an early intimation of the state of affairs in his rival's camp had not changed the object of his journey. The spec- tacle of two retiring Premiers at once in the Castle would have been ludicrous enough, if it were not also .significant of change in the constitution of our political parties which, happy or not, are too momentous for smiles. It has been the boast of that era of which Pro- vidence has made Queen Victoria the moat august and distinguished type and representative, that it unites the ancient factions, and reconciles the discordant theories of Government. Instinct and philosophy alike assure us that it is impossible to construct new unities out of the mere dislocated parts and broken material of those which have passed away. The old forms must completely ex- pire before the new ones can arise, and new institutions are born out of the very dust of the old. Tory and Whig are passing away. They are only remembered names. They have no place in the system that is. Fragments and specimens survive. We can contemplate, examine, classify, describe, and admire; but revive we cannot. Behold the. visible consummation which history at last reveals. An earthquake shakes the political world to its basis. Public necessity and public importunity fight their way through the ruin of Cabinets to the foot of the Throne. Almost at the same hour the heads of the two ancient and now antiquated parties pieseut themselves and declare the impossibility of constructing Ministries out of existing party material. Both at once proclaim their parties obsolete .-themselves, as the leaders of those parties, utterly invalid and effete. The exigency of the moment compels the Queen to select the one who is de facto charged with her executive responsibilities. Sir Robert Peel resigning his old authority, receives from the organic head of the State a new one, in better keeping with the crisis which compels his surrender, and consequent re-acceptance of the trust. The friends of Sir Robert Peel have no reason to lament what has occurred, without such a solution the complexities of his previous policy could not be entirely disentangled—the burden of party could not have been entirely shaken off. Sir Robert Peel, however, must for the present consent to be regarded in an equivocal and doubtful position. It is still for him to decide and put that last bold master- stroke to his portrait, which posterity shall agree to regard as the clue to his real character and the solution of his apparent inconsistencies. He resumes office certainly not as a Tory Premier—that he never was-but not even as a Conservative. He must now be the popular Pre- rnicr; and that people from whom he virtually receives his present policy and trust he must now determine faithfully, honestly, and impartially to serve. (From the Morning Hf.rald of Monday.) Lord John Russell has been compelled to abandon the attempt to form a free-trade government. His lorolsliii) on Saturday resigned the commission confided to him into the hands of her Majesty, who immediately sent for Sir Robert Peel, at the time at Windsor, andeommanded the right hon. baronet to recal his resignation, a com- mand which he instantly obeyed. The compulsory aban- donment of his attempt, by Lord John Russell, is a complete answer to the pretence that the country is favourably disposed to what is called free-trade. No- body suspects the noble lord of want of political ambi- tion, or want of confidence in himself, and, therefore, we need not scruple to say that he would not have relin- quished his enterprise while it offered the least prospect of success but successful it must have been had the country been, as represented by Leaguers, favourable to the free-trade policy. We readily believe all that we have heard of the stormy debates of Friday, in Chesha.m- place. We can easily enough understand that many no- blemen and gentlemen, eager professors of free-trade doctrines, while they believed free-trade unattainable, would reject with alarm and with anger a proposition that they themselves should introduce the secretly dreaded and detested change but this would not have driven so con- fident a person as Lord John Russell from his ambitious Purpose had he not been well aware that the mass of the L-up.c whs iigun.sL IU; He t.aa 10 support lilm nearly all the talent and a fair share of the character of the Melbourne Cabinet-Lord Morpeth. Mr. Labouchere, Mr. Macaulay, and we believe Lord Grey. As to Lord Normanby, though bringing little either of talent or cha- racter, he had been a Cabinet Minister, and might be counted as another. Here, then, were six Cabinet Min- isters-Lord Grey, Lord Normanby, Lord John Russell, himself, Lord Morpeth, Mr. Labouchere, and Mr. Ma- caulay. Six more might have been easily found from the Clarendons, Villiers, Sheils, &c., &e. it wa3 not, then, the want of a Cabinet that failed Lord John but, then, there was the House of Lordstobsopposed. At how little weight a Whig-Rtdical Cabinet estimates the oppo- sition of the House of Lords, is proved by the history of the country from 18 J0 to 1841. During those 11 years, excepting four months of Sir Robert Peel's short AdminI istration, the government was carried on by Whigs and Whig-Radicals, in contemptuous defiance of the House of Lords. Why should Lord John Russell fear the House of Lords more in 1846 than in 18361 Finally, there was the majority of 100 in the House of Commons to he beaten down but this was no insurmountable obstacle to one who could count upon the support of the country. Lord John received his commission from the Queen with a carte blanche; it was open to him to dissolve the ff hp'ro'Ti 1 a r V0U .have ^solved the Parliament nr LI ,°pe for even h'S 01,1 maj°«ty of five, or four, from th' A r V°' 0r,T dannS as he is, he shrunk from the experiment, because he well knew that, despite the contmgent support of union repealers, promised by Mr.O Conuell, besides the spawn of bribery subordination and perjury that the League is pledged to bring up, a general election would diminish instead of increa-ing the numerical force of his party. Upon this ground, *ud this ground only, did the political «dare-all" retreat from his commission. This is "a great fact" -a fad which, without cant, or distortion of language, or bom- bast, we may call "great," because it is the test of the feeling of a great people upon a question deeply affecting their interests. Lord John's practical confession of the general dislike of free-trade opinions, such as we have shown it, is the heaviest blow that the free-traders have ever yet received. The reputation of power, whether true or false, is itself power. Upon a false reputation of power the free-traders have for some years assumed a tone- of arrogant confidence well calculated to increase their influence. Lord John Russell's flight, at the head of their whole host, dissipates that false reputation and henceforth they will be regarded as, what in truth they are, a small faction of empty theorists and interested mill- owners. The League may put Dec. 20. 1845, upon its coffin-plate. Henceforth we shall see only its ghost. (From the Standard of Wednesday.) We are assured that Sir Robert Peel will be enabled to retain the co-operation of all his former colleagues, witti the exception of Lord Stanley. Lord Stanley, we regret to learn, feels himself com- pelled to withdraw from her Majesty's service. His lord- ship acted throughout the late painful and protracted dis- cussions with perfect fairness and openness. All the other colleagues of Sir Robert Peel will rem tin. in office. They are influenced, no doubt, by the sanits motives by which Sir Robert Peel was influenced, wbeü lie her Majesty, 0.1 Saturday last, that he re- quired no time for consultation or deliberation that on theinstant he shouUi resume the functions and resporan- bihties of Prime Minister. ,,<1Ue!-iOU l° J* de?ided. at Council summoned at sho t notice on Saturday night, was simnlv tins-shall the Queen and country be left at such a crish, without a Minister and without a Government 1 fi:f,°^rion 0t" t,he,D'?ke of Wellington and of thoss of his colleagues who had, in the first instance, dissented fiom the views ot Sir Robert Peel, was not to leave hin> to pursue his arduous aud patriotic course alone, but to share the burthen wit.i him, and give him all the aid which their high station, their known ability, and disinterested o" Lo"d sTa.do ll0l6a -hem t0 ailbrd* The position o. L01 Sta.iLy was peculiar and acting 011 strong con- viction and ou his high sense of public duv, he resolvedl on retiring, ™ Sir R. Peel, therefore, resumes his course, and a new era begins for the country, after all its late apprehensions and vicissitudes, under auspices similar to those, which raised its manufacturing population from the death of misery and suffering of 1840-41 to the present fult enjoy- ment, in 1843, of employment and abundance, under which the errors of a waspish, impracticable foreign nolicv were corrected or abandoned, and the name and dignitj of England secured throughout the globe, while her i»- fluence is used to maintain the continuance of peace, and ditluse the blessings of civilisation. Under them the losses occasioned by the ruinous and dishonest impoliev of the Whigs in finance have been retrieved by the ener/v co-o per'a tkm of full approval an I So that thr V eve,'y «san not a swindler, in the land. ditinn »k lnauce8 of Lus,and are u°w in a better con- Her h J3" eVei" haVC in thC rnemory of mao. «ei Honour »s respected oa sea and on land—her DCOB!» ZL of tlxeir industry-her tinie-hallowe(t apostolic chureh is as secure as human institution caa ope to be. Never has she been freer from attack than, firing the last four years. Resting, with the biehsing of .p Providence, QAder the »gU of an uuLtetf and powerful