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BRECON COUNTY & BOROUGH SAYINGS'…
BRECON COUNTY & BOROUGH SAYINGS' BANK. STATEMENT of RECEIPTS and DISBURSEMENTS from the COMMENCEMENT of the ESTABLISHMENT to 20th NOVEMBER, 1S15. E. s. d. £ s. d. To Amount of Subscriptions, Deposits, By Amount of Deposits returned and and Interest received from the 2nd Contingent Expenses from 2nd Nov., xN'ov., 1816, to the 20th Nov., 1844 t33,87115 9 181G, to 20th Nov., 1811, from last To Amount of Deposits received from year's account 101,7^57 3 4 20th Nov., 1814, to 20tti Nov., 1843. 4,204, I 11 By Deposits returned from 20th Nov., To Interest on Government Securities 1844, to 20th Nov., 1845 4,078 15 10 from do. to do 894 8 9 By Amount of Contingent Expenses from To Interest on Brecon Turnpikes from do. to do 248 17 10 do.to do. 138 10 2 By value ot Government Securities 20,106 8 10 To Interest on Treasurer's Account from By Interest thereon to 20ih Nov., 184.3.. 402 lo li ùo. to do 37 10 0 By Balance in Treasurer's hands 4 I ü 0 3 By Amount of Surplus Fund G 5 0 E 139,146 1.3 7 £ 130,110 15 7 STATEMENT of ACCOUNT between the SAYINGS' BANK and the DEPOSITORS. £ S.d..C. s. d. To Principal and Interest due to the Dc- By value of Government Securities 29,!UG 8 to positors on the 20th Nov., 184.3 20,9 >t fi .3 | By Interest thereon to 20th Nov., 1845.. 4G2 li3 (; To Balance iu favour of the Institution.. 108 7 2 [ By Balance in Ireasure/s hands 4lG U 3 £ 30,075 13 7 i £ 30,075 13 7 HUGH JONES, Actuary. WILLIAMS, PHILIP P. WILLIAMS, WILLIAM LLOYD, WILLIAM WINSTON, I Brecon, Dec. 16th, 1645. JAMES SIMS. I
Hotiftg. ¡ GLlJIORGlXSIIIRE. I —— NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, That the next I GENERAL QUARTER SESSIONS of the Peace for the said County, will be holden at the GUILDHALL, I in the Town of CARDIFF-, in the said County, On MONDAY, the 5th day of JANUARY next, at One of the Clock in the Afternoon, when the Justices assembled will immediately proceed to the business rela- ting to the Assessment, Application, and Management of the County Stock or Rate, and to the internal regulations of the County; and at Two of the Clock of such day proceed to take into consideration the Provisions of the several Acts relating to the Establishment of County and District Constables, and to make and enter into such Rules, Orders, and Regulations relating thereto, and to the Police established within the said County, as may be thought expedient. And On TUESDAY Morning, the 6th day of JANUARY next at Ten o'Clock, the Court will proceed with the Trial of Appeals, Tra- versers, and Prisoners, at which time all Grand and Petty Jurors are required to attend, and the several parties in any Appeal or Traverse. And the Prosecutors and Wit- nesses on any Indictment are to be prepared to proceed immediately with their several cases. All Appeals and Traverses must be entered before the Opening of the Ses- sions. All Bills and Demands against the County Stock must be delivered into the Office of the Clerk of Peace fourteen days before the Sessions, and all Costs given or allowed by the Court must be taxed at the same Sessions, or they will not afterwards be allowed. The several acting Magistrates are requested to return all Depositions into the Office of the Clerk of the Peace at Cardiff, on or before PRIDA Y, the 2nd day of JANUARY next. WOOD, Clerk of Peace. Cardiff", 10th Dec., 1845.
BRECONSHtRE SESSIONS. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, THAT the next GENERAL QUARTER SESSIONS of the PEACE, for the County of BRECON, will be held at the SHIRE-HALL, in BRECON, in and for the said County, on TUESDAY, the Sixth day of JANUARY next, at Eleven o'clock in the Forenoon, at which hour and place the business relating to the Assessment, Application, or Management of the County Rate or Stock, will com- mence and all Witnesses in any Appeal are to be ready in Court, to answer to their names, at 12 o'clock at noon on that day, when all Appellants and Respondents must also attend. Grand and Petty Jurors, Prosecutors, and Witnesses must attend on WEDNESDAY, the Seventh day of JANUARY next, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon. Depositions must be forwarded to the Clerk of the Peace 7 clear days before the Sessions, and in all cases arising subsequently, immediately upon being taken. And Notice is hereby given, That all persons having claims upon the County must attend with their Accounts before the Visitiry Magistrates to the Gaol, at the Shire-Hall, Brecon, on Tuesday, the 30th day of December instant, at 10 o'clock in the fore- noon, when such several Accounts will be audited. And Notice is hereby alto given, That all Costs of Prosecutions, to be allowed by the County, must be taxed at the same Sessions, previous to or during which they shall be incurred, or they will not afterwards be allowed. Appeals and Traversers for Trial must be entered with the Clerk of the Peace, before the sitting of the Court, at 11 o'clock on Tuesday. POWELL, Clerk of the Peace for the County of Brecon Brecon, 9th December, 1845.
EOTAL-EXCHANGS ASSURANCE CORPORATION, RO YA L'EXCHA NGE, LONDON, (ESTABLISHED BY ROYAL CHARTER, A.D.. 1720.) FIRE INSURANCES. NOTICE.—The usual Fifteen days allowed for pay- ment of Premiums falling due at Christmas, will expire on the 9th day of January next. LIFE INSURANCES. TWO THIRDS OF THE PROFIT on the Company's Life Business, since December, 1841, will be apportioned, periodically, among Policies for Life without involving the Assured in any risk of Partnership. The Company has returned to the position in the Royal Exchange which it had occupied in the former Building from 1720 till its destruction by fire in 1836. Branch Office,-29, PALL MALL. THOMAS TOOKE, Esq Governor. WILLIAM SAMPSON, Esq Sub-Governor. The Hon. J. T. LESLIE MELVILLE.. Deputy-Governor. DIRECTORS: Henry Bainbridge, Esq. I Chas. John Manning, Esq. Geo. Pearkes Barclay, Esq. Henry Nelson, Esq. Edmund S. P. Calvert, Esq. Edw. Howley Palmer, Esq. Alexander Colvin, Esq. John Henry Pelly, Esq. William Davidson, Esq. I Abraham u. Robarts, Esq. John Deacon, Esq. Charles Robinson, Esq. Riversdalc W. Grenfell, Esq Sir Samuel Scott, Bart. William T. Hibbert, Esq. William Soltau, Esq. Lancelot Holland, Esq. Robert Thorley, Esq. Sir George Larpent, Bart. Henry Warre, Esq. John Chr. Lochner, Esq. Octavius Wigram, Esq. Sir J. Wm. Lubbock, Bart. Chas. Baring Young, Esq. AGENTS: CRICKHOWELL MR. G. A. A. DAVIES. Swansea, Mr. T. A. Marten.—Cardie, Mr. Wm. Bird.- Brecon, Mr. Wm. Evans.—Carmarthen, Mr. David Evans Lewis.—Aberystwith, Mr. William Jones.—Carnarvon, Mr. John Morgan.—LJaneHy, Mr. E. E. D. Grove.— Bangor, Mr. J. Y. H. Williams.—Pwllheli, Mr. David Williams.—Wrexham, Mr. Richard Hughes.—Holywell, Mr. Meredith Vickers.—Monmouth, Mr. Thos. Farror. Newport, Messrs. Prothero and Towgood.—Hereford, Mr. John Gwillim, jun,; also Mr. Richard Underwood. —Bromyard, Mr. Thomas Watkins.—Kington and Pres- teign, Mr. Thomas Oliver.—Leominster, Mr. Edwin Lloyd. Ross, Mr. William Thomas.—Welshpool, Air. David Gwynne.—Milford, Mr. Thomas Williams. ALEX. GREEN, Secretary. TO MR. PROUT, 229, STRAND, LONDON, Doncaster, September 26th, 1844. SIR,—The following particulars have been handed to us with a request that they might be forwarded to you, with pei-* mission for their publication, if you should deem them worthy oi such. J. BKOOKE & Co., Doncaster. "ELIZABETH BREARLEY, residing in Duke-street, Doncas- ter, aged between 40 and 50, was severely afflicted with Rheumatism, and confined to her bed for a period of neartv two months, with scarcely the power to lift her arm she was signally benefitted after taking two doses of BI,A I HIS GOV'J AND KUL UIMATIC PILLS, and after finishing two boxes was quite recovered." The above recent testimoniai is a further proof of the great efficacy of this valuable medicine, which is the most effective remedy for Gout, Rheumatism, Sciatica, Lumbago, Tic Dolo- rous, Pains in the Head and Face often mistaken for tooth- che, and for all Gouty and Rheumatic Tendencies. It is also gratifying to have permission to refer to the fol- lowing gentlemen, selected from a multitude of others, whose station in society has contributed to advance this popular medicine in public esteem: J. R. Mandal), Esq, coroner, Doncaster the Rev. Dr. Bl.mberg; the Chevalier de Ja Garde; Mr. Miskin, brewer and maltster, Dartford; Mr. Jiichard > tone Luton; John J. Giles, Esq., Frimley Mr. Innwood, 1 erbnglit, Wm. Co«rtenay, Esq., Barton Stacey, near An o.e 1 a. way Stat.on, Hants..11 'of whom have received benefit by taking this medicine, and have allowed the proprietor the privilege of publishing the same for the benefit of the afflicted. Sold by Thomas J'rout, 229, Strand, London; and bv hi* appointment by Mr J bos. Stephens, druggist,uerlhyr'j.«dvi). Mr, Phillips, Cardiff; Mr. Thomas, CowbriOge, Mr. Farro.. Monmouth; Mr. Williams. Brecon; Mr. Williams and Mr' Pbilhgs, Newport; and all respectable Medicine Vemitis throughout the United Kingdom,—Price 2s. 9d. per box. Ask for BLAift'S GOUT AND RHEUMATIC PILLS, and observe the name and address of "Thomas Prout, 2*29, Strand, London," impressed upon the Government Stamp affixed to each box of the Genuine Medicine. iloncce. I B R ITDG END. SOLTH WALir RAILWAY. AT a PUBLIC MEETING of the Inhabitants of the Town of Bridgend and its Neighbourhood, in the County of GLAMORGAN, held in the Town Hall, at BRIDGEND, on MONDAY, the Joih day of DEOEMHER, 1845, for the purpose of taking into cousideiation the expediency of Memorialising the Directors of the South Wales Railway Company in favour of the original line of Railway to the south of Bridgend, and against the re- cently-proposed line of deviation intended to pass to the noith of Bridgend. Yiscouut ADAUK, M.P., in the Chair. It was proposed by W. Lewis. Esq., seconded by Mr. W. Edwards, and unanimously resolved, That this Meeting has learnt with great regret and apprehension that it is in the contemplation of the South Wales Railway Company to apply to Parliament for an Act to enable them to abandon that part of their line of Railway which lies to the South of Bridgend, and to substitute in lieu thereof a line to the north of the Town. Proposed by the Rev. H. L. Blosse, seconded by A. Verity, Esq., and unanimously resolved, That in the opinion of this Meeting the proposed de- viation would not only be highly prejudicial to the Agricultural, Mining, and Commercial interests of this part of the County, and particularly of Bridgend and its Neighbourhood, but would not furnish that accommoda- tion to the public at large which the original Coast line as Beleeted by Mr. Brunei and sanctioned by the Legisla- ture would have afforded, and which it is one great object of a grand arterial Railway intended to connect the Metropolis with the Southern Conuties of the Princi- pality and Ireland to supply. Proposed by W. Lewellin, Esq., seconded by S. Cox, Esq., and unanimously resolved, That a Memorial to the Directors of the South Wales Railway Company be prepared and forwarded froi,t this Meeting, directing their attention to the great superiority of the line originally determined upon over the line of deviation now proposed, and urging the Directors to carry out their original Plan, and to abandon the proposed line of deviation. Proposed by the Rev. Robert Knight, seconded by R. C. N. Carrie, Esq., and unanimously resolved, That the Memorial now read be adopted by the Meeting, and that Viscount Adare be requested to sign the same on behalf of the Meeting, and to forward it to the Directors of the South Wales Railway Company A DARE, Chairman. Moved by Mr. Phillip Price, seconded by S. Cox, Esq., and carried by acclamation, That the thanks of the Meeting be given to Viscount Adare, for his attendance here this day as Chairman of the Meeting, and for his conduct in the Chair. THE MEMORIAL, To the Directors of the South Wales Railway Company. The Memorial of the Landowners, Gentrv Tradesmen, Farmers, and others, inhabitants of the Town of Bridgend and its neighbour- hood, in the County of Glamorgan,0 unani- mously agreed to at a Public Meeting held pursuant to public advertisement at the Town Hall, at Bridgend, on Monday, the 15th day of December, 1845, Sheiveth, That your Memorialists have learnt with great regret and apprehension that it is in the contemplation of the South Wales Railway Company to apply to Parliament in the ensuing Session for an Act to authorize them, amongst other things, to abandon that part of their Railway (for which they obtained an Act in the last Session) which extends from or from near to a place called Bryn y Gwynnon, through or near to Pencoed, Treose, Ewenny, Merthyrmawr, Nottage, Cornelly, and Kenfig, (passing to the South of the Town of Bridgend) to Margam Moors, and to substitute in lieu thereof a line intended to pass near Trebryn, Coity, and Aber- kenfig, to the North of the said Town of Bridgend. That the line originally proposed by Mr. Brunei, and now sanctioned by the legislature, would pass through or immediately border upon a rich and important agricul- tural district, extending from the present mail-coach road to the coast, and would afford the means of transit for the population and produce of that district (a great por- tion of which produce is now shipped coastwise) to the various towns and iron and other works on or near to the line of railway while the deviation now contemplated would, if adopted, afford no such accommodation to the distiict iu question. That the original line which your Memorialists believe received the sanction of all the owners of lands through which it was intended to pass, would traverse for several miles a tract of limestone highly valuable for agricultural, commercial, and building purposes, which the proposed line of deviation leaves almost if not altogether un- touched. That the latter line, although passing through a por- tion of the Mineral Basin of South Wales, will not, in the opinion of practical men experienced in mining ope- rations, on that account afford any additional advantages to the owners and lessees of minerals in the neighbour- hood, inasmuch as it will necessarily pass through or near Aberkenfig, three miles to the North of Bridgend, where the Valleys of the Ogmores, the Garw, and the Llynvi, which extend Northwards into the very heart of the Mineral Basin of South Wales, converge at so high a level that the several railways intended to be made down those Valleys (the surveys for which have already been completed and deposited preparatory to application to Parliament) can only be brought to form ajunction with such new line, either by a steep ascending gradient, or by forming them at a considerable height above the level of the several streams throughout their whole length, thereby causing a serious additional and lasting expense to all who may engage in developing the vast resources of that part of the Mineral Basin intersected by those Valleys—a district comprising upwards of fifty square miles. That the forming a main line of railway through a mineral district is unsafe, on account of the old workings which are always to be found therein, and which abound in this locality, and is also highly prejudicial to the les- sees of the minerals under the lands over which it passes, inasmuch as it forms a barrier to the prosecution of the workings beneath, and either altogether prevents the minerals on one side from being rendered available, or involves the necessity of a great increased expense to obtain them. That your Memorialists are informed and believe that the gradients and curves of the proposed line of deviation are such as to be highly objectionable in a main trunk railway, which is intended to form the direct medium of communication between the Metropolis, the Southern Counties of the Principality, and Ireland. That the Coast line, though nearly two miles longer in point of distance, is preferable to that now proposed for the following additional reasons, viz :—because it passes through a country almost perfectly level, and the expense of making it would be comparatively low, be- cause there would be no considerable curves upon it;- because it could be worked at a much less cost, and tra. versed at a much more rapid rate, and notwithstanding its greater length, in less time than the proposed line and because it would afford that medium of communica- tion between the Metropolis and the Coast, which is un- derstood to have been one great object in its original selection. That in the opinion of your Memorialists the affording a ready means of communication between populous and important towns, is an object most desirable to be attained in the formation of any railway, and second only to that of supplying to the public at large the shortest connecting line between the two termini; and that Bridgend from its rapidly increasing population and from its position in the immediate neighbourhood of the largest mineral basin in the United Kingdom and near the centre of the county, bids fair to become one of its most flourishing and important towns, and is there- fore not undeserving of your attention and of the esta- blishment of a station within as short a distance as is com- patible with the other public objects of so great an undertaking. ° That if the coast line as originally proposed be adopted the station which would be required for the accomoda- tion of Bridgend and ita neighbourhood, would neces- sarily be made at the distance of about a mile to the south of the town but your Memorialists are apprehen- sive that if the proposed alteration be carried out, no station would be made nearer than Aberkenfig, a distance of three miles to the north of the town. Your Memorialists therefore respectfully request youi attentive consideration of the foregoing facts, and earnestly hope that in the carrying out a great National undertak- ing like the South Wales Railway, in which so man) momentous interests are involved—those connected with the agricultural and mineral resources of the first count) in the P/lncipality, will meet with that attention which their importance merits. ficiirr.s. RED PL\K"toB SALK RNO BE SOLD, on or before MONDAY next, by PIU- J YATE CONTRACT, about 40 LOADS of ST. JOHN'S RED PINE, now lying in the BCTE DOCKS, C.\untn. Application to be made to Mr. TREGASKIS, at the AlIg'cl Inn. Dated Cardiff, ]8th Dec., 1845. mm OF CARDIFF. rpo RE LET, with immediate possession, an excellent I SHOP aud PREMISES, situate in H IGH-ST..LL:T. one of the very best situations in the Town. Apply to Messrs. D. Evans & Son, Wine Merchants, C a rd i if. TO BE X/FJT, And Entered upon at CANDLEMAS next, rf^lIE MORLONGA FARM, situate in the Parish of JL Peterstonc-super-Ely, containing 04 a. 3 r. 27 p. of good MEADOW, PASTURE, and ARAiJLE LAND. For further particulars apply at Mr. BRADLEY'S Office, Cowbridge. Cowbridge, 1 Gth December, 1815. EAGLE ACADEMY, COWBRIDGE. Wa HEWuS BEGS to thank his Friends for the very liberal sup- port he has hitherto received, and trusts that by perseverance and attention to the duties of his Establish- ment, still to merit a continuance thereof. The SCHOOL will be RE-OPENED on MONDAY, the 12TH JANUARY. Application for Terms addressed as above will meet due attention. Cowbridge, IGth December, 1845. RAILWAY SURVfiYIM TALSHT. A N EXPERIENCED SURVEYOR, having con- Jl\_ eluded his engagement on a Railway Survey, pro- poses (previous to commencing operations for the season) to devote his next Fortnight to giving PRACTICAL INSTRUCTION (in the Field) in SURVEYING, PLOTTING, &c., at HALF-A-GLINEA PEH LESSON. From Ten to Twelve Lessons will enable a tolerably well educated person to obtain an engagement at Eight to Twelve Guineas a week. None need apply who are not disposed to work in the Field and Office ten hours a day. The Advertiser proposes to engage two of his Pupils when competent, having several miles of Rail to complete the ensuing season. —Address (immediately) A.Z., Post- Office, Cardiff. BUSH HOTEL, MERTHYR-TYDVIL. RESPECTFULLY begs leave to inform his Friends that brs¿ 5P W dID a IL Is fixed to take place at his ASSEMBLY ROOM, on WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 31st, 1845. STEWARDS. CAPTAIN LAYARD, M. P., DAVID EVANS, ESQ., JAMES RUSSELL, ESQ EDWARD DAVIES, ESQ. Tickets to be had at the Bar of the Hotel. Ladies, 6s.; Gentlemen, 8s. Dancing to commence at 8 o'clock. A BALI WILL TAKE PLACE AT THE Cyznreigyddion Hall, Aberg-avenny, On Tuesday, December 23rd, 1815. STEWARDS. JOHN JONES, Jun., Esq., of Llanarth, JOHN ROLLS, Esq., of the Hendre. BRIDUEND & COWMIDliE UNION. PERSONS desirous of contracting with the Board of P Guardians for supplying the whole or any of the under-mentioned Articles, to be delivered at the Union Workhouse, Bridgend, at such times and in such quan.. tities as the Board shall direct, are requested to send to he Union Workhouse (free of expense) SealedjTenders, numbered, and without the name of the person tendering, addressed to The Clerk of the Bridgend and Cowbridge Union," before 10 o'clock in the morning of SATURDAY, the 27th day of DECEMBER instant, viz. Bread, made of one-way Flour, at per Loaf of 4lbs., (average weekly consumption during the last quarter 60 loaves.) Mutton, at per lb. Beef, in rounds, clods, and sticking pieces, at per lb. (The contractor to supply, for the use of the master's table, such joints as he may select, at the contract price.) Raw Sugar, Pepper, Starch, and good Congou Tea, at per lb. Best Mottled Soap, at per cwt. Candles (dips) at per dozen lbs. Salt, at per cwt. Milk, to be delivered daily, at per quart. Good household Cheese, at per cwt. Fresh Butter, at per lb. East India Rice, at per cwt. 300 Yards of Striped Flannel 100 „ White do. 200 „ Grey Calico 10 White do. 6 Cambric 100 „ Blue Print 50 Canvas Women's Shoes, at per pair Two dozen Suits of Youths' Clothes Samples of Bread, Sugar, Pepper, Starch, Tea, Soap, Candles, Cheese, Rice, Flannel, Calico, Cambric, Blue Print, Canvas, Shoes, and Youths' Clothes, will be re- quired, and any Articles supplied not corresponding with, and equal to, the Samples, will be returned. The Contracts to commence on the 27th day of Decem- ber instant, and to continue to the 21st day of March next. N.B.-No Tender will be accepted that does not con- tain the name of, at least one. responsible person, who will give Security for the due performance of the Con- tracts. By order of the Board, WILLIAM EDMONDES, Clerk. Union Workhouse, Bridgend, 13th December, 1845. NEATH UNION. WANTED, a MASTER and MATRON, to super- intend the management and care of the Union Workhouse, and to perform the duties prescribed by the Rules, Orders, and Regulations of the Poor Law Com- missioners. The Master must be a good penman and well versed in accounts, and conversant with the Welsh language; and will be required to give security for the due and faithful performance of his duties. A Man and Wife without incumbrance will be preferred. The Master's salary f40 per annum, and the Matron's JE20 per annum, with the accustomed rations. Sealed Tenders with Testimonials inclosed to be deli- vered or sent to the Clerk's Office, on or before Saturday, the 10th day of January next; and Applicants are re- quested to attend the Committee at the Workhouse, at 12 o'Clock at noon, on the day preceding the Election, which will take place on the 13th of January next. The present officers will not be candidates for re- election. ALEXR. CUTHBERTSON, Clerk to the Guardians. Board Room, Neath, 16th December, 1845. WE, the undersigned, being Five of the PROPRI- ETORS of the DUFFRYN LLYNVI and PORTH CAWL RAILWAY COMPANY, possessed of or entitled to Five Shares or Subscriptions of One Hundred Pounds each, or upwards, at least in the said undertaking, hereby require you to CALL a SPECIAL GENERAL MEETING of the said COMPANY of PROPRIETORS, to be held on rJ CUESDAY, the 30th day I of DECEMBER instant, at the WYNDHAM AIIMS INN, BRIDGEND, in the County of Glamorgan, at 12 o'clock at Noon, for the purpose of considering a Proposition made, or to be made by the Committee of Management of the Glamorgan Central Mineral Railway Company, for the conversion of the Shares of the Duffryn Llynvi and Porth Cawl Railway Company, into the Shares of the Glamor- gan Central Mineral Railway Company, and for finally agreeing to terms for such conversion and also to au- thorise certain parties to subscribe for Shares in the Glamorgan Central Mineral Railway Company, on behalf of the Duffryn Llynvi and Porth Cawl Railway Company. -Dated this 12th day of December, 1845. DIGBY MACKWORTH, ROBERT PRICK. WILLIAM JONES, JOHN HALCOMB, M. P. SMITH. To Mr. W. S. BRADLEY, Clerk of the Duffryn Llynvi and Porth Cawl Railway Company. THE DUFFRYN LLYNVI AND PORTH CAWL RAILWAY COMPANY. Notice is hereby given, That in obedience to the fore- going Requisition, a SPECIAL GENERAL MEETING of the PROPRIETORS of the said COMPANY will be held at the WYNDHAM ARMS INN, Bridgend, on TUESDAY, the 30th day of DECEMBER inst., at 12 o'clock, for .the purposes specified therein. W. S. BRADLEY, Clerk. Porth CawJ, December 16th, IL43. -q jiotinø. Just Published, Price Is., the Fourth Edition (Transla- ted from the Nineteenth French Edition), CONSTIPATION DESTROYED; or, Exposition of C Natural Simple, Agreeable, and Infallible nua h, not only of overcoming, but also of completely destroying habitual Constipation, without using either purgatives < r any artificial means whatever (discovery recently mad;1 in France by M. Wartca) followed by numerous certifi- cates from eminent Physicians and ether persons of dis- tinction. Free by post, Is. Gd. Sold by James Youens and Co., Tea Dealers, 4;), Ludgate-hill, London, and by all Booksellers in the United Kingdom. CARDIFF (IAOL. ALL PERSONS desiring to CONTRACT for the following PROVISIONS for th-j next Three Months, are requested to send Sealed Tenders to the Gaol, addressed to the Committee of Magis- trates," at Twelve o'clock, on SATURDAY, the -Olli DECEMBER, 1815; the Contract to comaicnce on SUNDAY, the 4th JANUARY, 18 10, and to continue in force until. the Saturday immediately preceding the Easter General Quarter Sessions for the County. Bread, per loaf of I ilb each, best seconds Oatmeal, at per cwt. Coals, at per ton Soap, at per cwt. Candles, at per lb., best dips Rushlights, at per lh. Rice, at per cwt. Barley, at per do. Salt, at per do. Potatoes, at per cwt. Terms of payment at the end of the Quarter. [DUTY FREE.] WHEREAS a Petition of DAVID EVANS, formerly keeping the Grawen Arms, in the Brecon Road, Merthyr-Tydfil, in the County of Glamorgan, Licensed Victualler, but now of Bryant's Field, at Merthyr-Tydfil aforesaid, in Lodgings, out of Business, part of the same time engaged as Traveller for Mrs. Mary Cornelius of Merthyr-Tydfil aforesaid, Brewer, and now and for 10 months past engaged as Traveller for Mr. Walter Morgan, of Merthyr-Tydfil aforesaid, Brewer, an Insolvent Debtor, having been filed in the Bristol District Court of Bank- ruptcy.andan Interim Order for Protection from Process having been given to the said David Evans, under the provi- sions of the statutes in that case made and provided, the said David Evans is hereby required to appear in Court before Henry John Stephen, Serjeant-at-Law, the Commis- sioner acting in the matter of the said Petition, on the 8th day of January next, at 11 o'olock in the forenoon precisely, at the Bristol District Court of Bankruptcy, at Bristol, for his first examination touching his Debts, Estate, and Effects, and to be furthei dealt with accord- ing to the Provisions of the said Statutes and Notice is hereby given that the choice of Assignees is to take place at the time so appointed. All persons indebted to the said David Evans, or who have any of his Effects, are not to pay or deliver the same but to EDWARD MANT MILLEK, Esq., 19, St. Augustine's Place, Bristol, the Official Assignee, nomi- nated in that behalf by the Comissioner acting in the matter of the said Petition. FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE UNDERWRITERS. To be Sold by Auction, AT BREAIvSEA POINT, ON MONDAY NEXT, the 22ud Dec, 1845, THE HULL and part of the MATERIALS of the A. 1 Brig « MANFRED.' of Whitby, 303 Tons per Register, and probably about 20 Tons of COAL. Also, at the clitIN CABLE WHARF, OLD CANAL, CARDIFF, on FRIDAY following. 26th Dec., the whole of the remaining part of the MATERIALS and STORES of the said Vessel, consisting of Anchors, Cables, Warps, Lines, Sails, Yards, Masts, Standing and Running Rigging, Cabin Stores, &c., &c. The whole will be Sold without reserve. Sale to commence each day at 11 o'clock in the forenoon. For further particulars apply to II. II. Parry & Brother, Ship Agents, Cardiff- Cardttr, 18 December, 1845. Glamorganshire. TOWN OF COWBRIDGE. WD BY MIL WM. MORRIS, Ou TUESDAY, 30TH DECIOlllKR, 1845, on the Premises, ill a Field opposite PWLL Y BUTTS, in the said Town, T^HE undermentioned VALUABLE LIVE STOCK, IMPLEMENTS of HUSBANDRY, late the pro- perty of MAJOR EDMONDES, deceased, viz. five remarka- bly handsome Milch Cows in Calf, expected to calve early, and are most excellent milkers, one of which is of the Guernsey, one of the Durham, two of the Glamorgan- shire, the other a cross between the Durham aud Glamor- ganshire breeds; an active Bay Mare, a good toadster and quiet in harness. The Implements comprise a useful Cart; one Iron Plough; one pair of Drags one pair of Harrows; set of Cainbrens. itc. The Sale will commence precisely ftt Twelve o'Clock at Noon, and the whole will be sold without reserve.
foreign mnttlligrurt. [Continued from Our first pay«.] AMERICA.—ARRIVAL OF THE BRITANNIA.-Liverpool, Tuesday, Dec. 16.-The Britannia, Capt. Hewitt, brings a day later news than is usual by the mail steamers. A very dense fog prevented the ship from leaving Boston until the 2nd, so that we have New York papers of the 1st. Our intelligence from Washington is to a late hour of the night of the 30th. Congress was to meet on the follow- ing day, and from the trifling nature of the preliminary business to be gone through on this occasion, it was ex- pected that the President's Message would be delivered on Tuesday, the 2nd, or Wednesday, the 3rd, at latest. The speech was awaited with some anxiety in New York, on account of the development which the President will make of his views on the various important questions to be considered, and particularly of the proceedings under his instructions in the negociations with Great Britain. In the various newspapers, as also in private letters, we have many detailed opinions, and these with various de- grees of authenticity, as to the stand the President will take in the Oregon question. The negociation is still without result, and after all the President may not in- form Congress of the exact state of affairs. Our convic- tion is, that looking at the letters and papers received by the Britannia, and taking also into account the general aspect of things in other points, the news is decidedly- favourable to peace. It does not look at all as though Mr. Polk is in earnest. A communication from one o the very best informed correspondents, and which wa dispatched from Washington at a late hour of the night of the 30th of November, states most positively that the President's message will be more moderate than was heretofore supposed in regard to all its principal points- Oregon, tariff, and Mexico. As to Oregon he will recommend the maintenance of the American title, what- ever that may be, but without mentioning the fifty- fourth degree and forty minutes as the extent to which America claims a title. He will also recommend a pru- dent and conciliatory course on the part of Congress and of the people in the adjustment of the controversy but stiil he will present such a statement of facts as will tend to inflame I he passions of one party, and excite the ap- prehensions of the other. The tariff question he will so mystify as to render it, apparently, a very simple matter to raise a revenue, to reduce duties, and protect manufactures. He will not denounce and repudiate pro- tection as an incident to this mode of raising a revenue. The war clause about Mexico is stricken out, and the restoration of diplomatic intercourse announced. OREGON.—We have intelligence from the Oregon to the 28th of July iuclusive. The Americans have full possession of the country south of the Columbia. Being in the majority, and under a republican constitution similar to that of Iowa, the Americans in Oregon elect all officers of government, appoint judges, and adminster the laws. The servants of the Hudson's Bay Company favour independence, and a number of influential Ame- ricans have taken the same side. Parties are said to be very nearly balanced on the question of maintaining a eeparate government independent of the United States and England, and if a sufficient number of Americans can be persuaded to join the independents and turn the scale, it is proposed to issue a declaration of indepen- dence, taking in the whole territory in dispute, the Hudson Bay Company to cede the forts and trading posts to the new government. This movement is sustained and justified on the ground of the settlers having occupied and improved a wilderness in which the Hudson Bay Company of London has been a mere hunter or tempo- rary resident, and over which neither the government of the United States nor that of Great Britain exercises the rights of sovereignty. The crops are most abundant. There is a great want of vessels. IMPORTANT COMMERCIAL NEWS.—NEW YORK, DEC. L—John Bull is making all.our fortunes for us. Nothing can exceed the state of excitement the corn and grain I markets have been thrown into, and in a short time after the receipt of this in England we shall have such a deluge of flour and wheat upon you as will compensate for the failure of half a dozen potatoe crops. The last tidings from England were received with great hopes, and at first caused a rise in flour of nearly half a dollar sales were made at 1~ dols. freely, and in some instances at dols. Further time for reflection has had the effect to depress prices, and they have gone back to 61- dols., the point they started from. All bread-stufis have declined. It is now evident that exporters have not come into market at these prices, and that the transactions have been wholly by speculators. The stock is so large, and arrivals so great, that numerous lots are constantly thrown on the market, and prices are depressed. The rise in the price of produce in this market has been followed by a corres- ponding advance in all other parts of the country. The apprehension is that speculation may carry up prices beyond any reasonable foundation. The improvement in every article of bread-stuffs, as well as provisions, is of immense advantage to the producers; they are realising a rich harvest. Public expectation is turned to Wash- ington. The President's Message is looked for with in- creased interest, particularly that portion of it which relates.to Oregon. Our relations with Mexico ha\e as- sumed a friendly position. If, happily, those with Giea: Britain should be amicably adjusted, there is uothing to preventthe country from progressing in a career of un- exampled prosperity. The wheat crop of the present year gives promise that the embarrassed states of the west will soon be able-wliether disposed or not—to pay all their obligations. The whole crop of the country is esti- mated at 125,000,000 of bushels. The wheat crop of 1812, which was the largest ever previously raised in the United States, was 103,000,000. The increase of 22,000,000 shows not less the large additional amount of land brought under cultivation than the genial character of last summer. The crop of Michigan is comparatively larger than that of any other state in the Union. With a population of not over -400,000, slid raised this Far at least 7,000,000 bushels of wheat. It is estimated that Illinois has this year a surplus of (1,000,000 bushels. An advance of 10 cents, per bushel would more than pay the interest of the state debt, and the price ha;, already ad- vanced more than 20 cents. since the harvest. Owing to the canal having kept clear, the receipts of corn aud fl;>ur have been enormous, but to-day we have received news that the canal is closed, and ice is ma1dng in the river. The Atlas says:—" We shall soon have a bridge of ice across the river, should the present weather continue. This morning the river was fiiled with floating ice, and the basin completely coated over. Flour in immense quantities is yet afloat, notwithstanding the enormous shipments to New York the present week. What shall be done with it? There is no room in the storehouses; even the docks will soon be incapable of holding more i" GRAIN.—The receipts of wheat have been very large; sales of Genesee at 1-15 to 150; Southern, 130 to 135 cents; inferior, 125 cents. Rye has declined, and sales at 80 to 82 cents. Very large sales of barley, upwards of 20,000 bushels, have been made for export at 65 to (jfj cents. The rise of produce has so enriched holders that it is felt in every direction. The vast amount of flour, &c., going forward to England has changed the current of trade so as to leave the balance decidedly in our favour. Banks apprehend no difficulty on the score of specie; on the contrary, their vaults are constantly receiving a large arcession. The balances of the country banks are uncommonly large, as well as the deposits. Unless something should occur at Washington to alter the position of things, money will continue more and more abundant, and the rate of interest lower. SPECIE.At the present rate of foreign bills, there can be no export of specie, and if the decline should con- tinue, large amounts of specie must be received into this country. F II EIGHTS. -There is a brisk demand for vessels to take Hour and produce to England. All the packets and transient vessels get full readily. To Havre the packets get full at the current rate. CANADA.—Lord Metcalfe, Governor General of Canada, has returned a passenger in the Britannia. His lordship is attended by Dr. Crawford, Captain Biownrigg, his aide and acting secretary, Captain Campbell, 93rd Regiment, Captain Henry Brownrigg. 52ud Regiment, Captain Tyron, Royal Welsh Fusiliers, and Capt. Hen- deison, of the Royal Engineers. The noble lord comes home with a view to obtain the best medical aid. He has left the seat of his government with the fervent good wishes and sympathy of all the loyal and right-thinking inhabitants of Canada, and leaves behind him a feeling of regret for his loss "and his departure will be attended, on the part of the inhabitants of the city of Montreal, by such testimonials of their respect as harmonise with the painful occasion of his retirement, and with the obvious wish on the part of the illustrious suffeier to escape the fatigue and excitement of public leave-taking. The peo- ple of Canada feel that Lord Metcalfe remained, as a matter of duty, to expend his last energies iu perfecting the great work he had begun, of giving an intelligible and constitutional form to the crude and ill-understood doctrine of responsible government. The Earl of Cath- cart, commander of the forces, has assumed the adminis- tration of the government, and was sworn into office on the 26th.
MEMORANDA OF THE LATE & NEW…
MEMORANDA OF THE LATE & NEW CABINET. On Friday, December 5, 1815, after various previous discussions, which had led to no result, the final meet- ing of the Conservative Cabinet took place, at which the resolution was taken, that, on the ground of the disagreement in opinion which had sprung up, it would be their duty not to attempt to go on after a division or secession, but rather at once to place their resignations in her Majesty's hands, and thus to enable her to form a united government. To place this communication before the Queen, Sir Robert Peel left London on Saturday, December 6. Lord John Russell arrived at Osborne House at half-past three o'clock on Thursday afternoon. His lordship remained on a visit to the Queen until Friday morning taking his departure in one of the royal carriages. The Marquis of Norman by may be expected home from Italy at the earliest possible time, information hav- ing been forwarded to Florence apprising the noble marquis that Lord John Russell had been summoned to form a new administration, and urging his lordship's speedy return to this country. We hive reason to believe that Viscount Melbourne does not contemplate joining his former colleagues in the administration, if Lord John Russell should succeed in forming one. as his health will not admit of the fatigue naturally attendant on official occupation. The far-seeing merchants do not at all relish the idea of Lord Palinerston's having to deal with Mr. President Polk, and every one and all agree in the Oregon territory question being very much darkened by the prospect of its arrangement being handed over to Lord Palinerston. Letters are in existence from the Duke of Wellington in reply to inquiries especially directed to this point, in whic ) letters his grace distinctly says that it is uttsrly untrue that he had ever given way on the corn law ques- tion, or that he even entertained an idea of so doing. The Herald declares that Sir Robert Peel never pro- posed any change in the corn laws at all to the extent reported. It says :—Whatever Sir Robert Peel's opinion upon the subject of the corn laws is, the country may be well assured that he never did propose, and in ojfice or out of office never will either propose or support any change in the corn laws, unaccompanied by what lie be- lieves to be full compensation to the landed interest through all its gradations. Whence that full compensa- tion is to be obtained we are utterly at a loss to conjec- ture but it is no more than an act of justice to the late premier, as we suppose we may call him now, to repeal it, that he never did propose, as the infamous fabrication of the Times asserted, an unqualified and total repeal of the corn laws. Nor, as we firmly believe, will he ever pro- pose or support any such measure. This is most impor- tant, because whatever difference has existed in the Ca- binet has been merely a difference ill (igi-ep and not in species, and, therefore, cannot extend to the Conservative party in either House of Parliament. The Herald of Saturday says, We can state that It is totally untrue that Lord John Russell had an interview with Sir Robert Peel, in his lordship's passage through London to obey the Queen's summons. We believe we can affirm with perfect certainty that Sir Robert Peel has not lately had any communication with Lord John, either personally or otherwise. Equally untrue as this fable of the personal interview—which was, indeed, under the cir- cumstances, impossible—is the statement that Sir Robert Peel advised the Queeu to send for Lord John Russell. To offer such advice, in Sir Robert Peel's position, would be officious and unconstitutional." The Sun says, the opinion gains ground that no disso- lution will take place until Lord John finds obstruction to his measures in the Commons, in which case an imme- diate dissolution will follow. A correspondent of the Morning Herald, who hints that he is in a position to know something of Cabinet secrets, insinuates that only three members of the Cabinet sup- ported Sir Robert Peel in his proposition fur a modifica- tion of the Corn-laws, namely, "The Duke of lluccleùch, Sir James Graham, and the Chancellor." Lord John Russell had a meeting of Whig noblemen and gentlemen at his mansion in Chesham-place, on Saturday. Among those present were the Duke of Bed- ford, the Marquis of Lansdowne, the Earl of Clarendon, Viscount Palmerston, Lord Cottenham, and F. T. Barin", Despatches were on Saturday forwarded to Eurl Grey, the Right Hon. H. Labouchere, late President of the Board of Trade, and the Right Hon. Edward Ellice, re- questing their immediate attendance in town. Viscount Morpeth was expected in town on Saturday night, but his lordship did not arrive. On Saturday evening, Lord John Russell, together with the Marquis of Lansdowne, the Earl of Auckland, and other leading members of the Whig party, dined with Viscount Palmerston at his mansion. Sir Robert Peel had interviews on Saturday with the Earl of Lincoln, Lord Stanley, Sir James Graham, and the Right Hon. Sidney Herbert. The Right Hon. Baronet is in frequent communication with the Home Secretary. Lord Stanley left town on Monday morning for Bur- leigh, ou a visit to the Marquis of Exeter. Lord John Russell and several of his late colleagues had a meeting on Tuesday, which lasted a considerable time. At five o'clock the noble lord proceeded to com- municate the result of their deliberation to her Majesty,, at Windsor. As in all such cases strict secrecy is pro- perly observed, what that result was will not be made known until the will of the Sovereign is known. The opinion gained ground it, the evening that Lord John had been instructed to inform the Queen of the insur- mountable difficulties in the way of a Whig-Radical Administration, and to decline the attempt to form one. The Standard newspaperof Thursday evening (yester- day) has the following remarks, which contain the latest information we are in possession of upon the subject of c' The New Ministry" Up to the time of our going to prest we understand that nothing definite was arranged respecting the form- ation of a new administration. "A messenger arrived by one of the early trains this morning from Windsor, bearing circulars from Lord John Russell, who was still at Windsor Castle, calling a meet- ing of the principal members of the Whig party at Lord John's residence in Chesham Place, at twelve o'clock this day. Viscount Palmerston, Earl Grey, the Right Honorable Henry Labouchere, the Right Honorable Sir John Cam Hobhouse, the Right Honorable Edward Ellice, the Hon. E. Stanley, the Earl of Clarendon, the Right Hon. Sir George Grey, and Viscount Morpeth, were among those summoned by Lord John. Lord John Russell, accompanied by the Marquis of Lansdowne, arrived from Windsor Castle at half-past If, after having been admitted to an audience with her Majesty. The intention of Lord John Russell, as to whether he will take office or not, will positively be decided on at the conference."
CHRISTMAS. So, Christmas is come round again. We har Hy fo the time pass away, when the anniversaries remind us o' the years we are burying under our feet as we jonni M onward. We count all things but time. Merry old Christmas'.—how many pleasant and bitter thoughts doe-; it revive. To reeall 011 thosa occasions all that we can recollect of the past is an involuntary superstition of the memory. We run over many Christmases, and us.iuredh ill the long run believe them all better than the present. There is a tenderness over old times that hallows them and wa lc.se our enthusiasm and power of enjoyment more and more with every leturning festival so that in the end (ve are fain to believe that Christina.; is not..vhat it used to be, because we are not what we were. CUristmaj is still Christmas to the young, who feel as we felt, and who fear no sad faces (spectral, mayhap) to a^lare ou! from the darkness of the past upon their revelry. It is to them present -it was no more to us. Ex- perienceof our own nature, and the shifting circumstances of life, colours every revolution of years differently. As we gain knowledge, or suffer inflictions, our medium of observation becomes changed. We look through glosses of various shades, which darken to the last—until the final one is raised through which we see no more. But does not Christmas also ?ive us hick, as iu a mirror, pictures of the cheerful hearths ot old, and the many who sat round them with ourselves! If we have outtivedthat temperament of the heart's sunshine, there were others who did not live it out, but who, with as elastic spirits, faded away iu its meridian. The Christ- mas of the old ought to be the happiest of all; it ought to be mellowed by many truths, chastened of vague hopes, andcrowttedbygratefu) contentment. Then the young, filled with promises, look forward to scenes of beauty allll delight, and hardly think that "Christmas comes but once a yearl" Break not the vision—it will dissolve soon enough, when plumb-cake aud poor jokes can no longer divert the mind. Still we cry—merry old Christmas! for its coming ought not fo make us sad, if we be wisw. But where are its ancient ceremonies Where its fine clan-like gather- ings, its laug-h of loud joy, its tallies groaning under feasts, its halls of plenty and welcome, its blazing wood fire" like sacramental offerings,"its donations, its music, its piety, it« green and festive honours ] They are rapidly disappearing. The poetry of Christmas is declining. Except in the north, Christmas is hardly kept with the devotion due to its ancestral glories. Bui So;laud and the English borders still retain some of the expiring spirit. There, from dawn t;» sunset even until the new year has closed the tomb upon the old-the festival is commemo- rated. The pains which the true believers in the rites of the season take to deceive themselves into its customs, as if they were points of faith, deserve great praise in our degenerate age. How entertaining and instructive is that superstition of the FIRST FOOT, which attributes to the first person who enters your house on that morning, a power over your destinies to come. II a woman be tiie first visitor then all will go wrong, the legend not being so flattering to the sax as we could desire it; but if the threshold be first crossed by a man or a boy, your fate is cast for prosperity and happiness. To secure this blessing, and so have, as it were, the moulding ot your own for- tunes, you name and appoint the first visitor yourself, and cheat the weird sisters of their office. A boy is usually selected for this purpose—and he must be one, if such a one can be found, with raven hair and jet-black eyes, for these are tokens of luck and he comes, bearing fresh leaves in his hand. to wish you, who are, beforehand, prepared for his benediction, "A merry Christmas and a happy New Year." These venerable usages lose their influence amongst us. for we pretend we are growing too sensible to enjoy them. That, however, is a clear fallacy, since we only discon- tinue the merry emblems and agreeable surprises, but still make love to huge capons, ponderous ribs of beef and leviathan paddings. We do not suffer the substan- tials to fall into contempt. Our wit, and invention, and vivacity alone are diminished—our appetite for solids remains the same. We bring up our children in the taste for over -eating, leaving out the only parts of the scene that approached refinement, and was devoid wfgrossness. We are bacchanals without vine-wreaths. We have stripped the fairy palace of its enchantments, and sit down to a hot dinner under its desecrated roof. This is a modern Christmas. The intellectual banquet gives way to the animal-the imagination is debased—and we now make a family party to carouse and fall asleep, until, like boa constrictors, we awaken to the next feeding- time We will not abandon the old benison, for all th:u but greet our friends with that wish which falls like magic on our heart—A MEHRY CHRISTMAS AND A UAPPY NEW YEAR.
EFFECT OF OPENING THE PORTS.
EFFECT OF OPENING THE PORTS. To open the ports at the present moment would, we think, be attended with mischief in more ways than one. There can he no pretext of a famine at present, immediately after harvest; and the natural course of events in operation is this, that the dear prices are inducing a stream of corn from every producing quarter towards Britain. In such circumstances, if you raise a cry of famine, and suspend the corn-laws, that stream of supply will at once he stopped. The importers will naturally suspend their trade, because they will then speculate, not on the rate of the import duty, which will be absulutely abolished by the suspension, but on the rise of price in the market of this country. They will, therefore, as a matter of course— »ain being their only object—withhold their supplies, until the prices shall have, through panic, attain the famine price here; and then they will realize their profit when they conceive they can gain no more. In the course of things at present, the price of fine wheat is so high, that a handsome surplus would remain to foreigners, though they paid the import duty. Hemove that duty, and the foreigner wil! immediately add its amount to the price of his own wheat. The price of wheat would then be as high to the consumer as when the duty remained to be paid; while the amount of duty would go into the pockets of the foreigMV, instead of into our own exchequer. At present, the iioest foreign wheat is i;2s. in bond—remove the present duty of 14s. and that wheat will freely give in the market 80s. the II uarte., It is, therefore, clear that such an expedient as that of sus- pending the corn laws merely to induce the bonded wheat to be entered for home consumption, would, in no degree, benefit the consumer. The quantity of wheat at present in bond does not exceed half a miilioa of quarters—the greatest part of which did not cost the importer JUs, per quarter. At least we can vouch for this, tint early last summer, when the crop looked luxuriant, 50(M) quarters of wheat in bond were actually otiered iu the Edinburgh market for :26s, and were sold for that sum, and allowed to remain in boud. It still rem lins in bond, and could now realise 62s, Here, then, is a realisable profit of 3lis. per quarter, and yet the holder will not take it, in 'he expecta- tion of a higher. Perhaps it would be advisable to allow Indian corn or maize to come in duty free if not as food for people, it would feed horses, pigs, or poultry, and would make a diversion in favour of the consumption of corn to a certain extent; and such a re- laxation could be made without interfering with the corn-laws, for maize is not regarded as corn, but stands in the same posi- tion as rice and millet. We might try this experiment with the maize, as the Dutch have forestalled the rice market. If the state of the harvest is such as we conscientiously be- lieve it to be, there caa be no special reason—bat rather, as we have shown, the reverse—for suspending the action of the corn laws at this particular juncture. It the enactment of that mea- sure was founded on the principle of all'ordiug protection to the fanner, why interfere with these laws at a time when any appre- hension of a famine is entirely visionary ? And since there is a large quantity of food in the country, the present prices are certainly not attributable to a deficiency in the crop, and are, after all, little more than remunerative to the fanners who are raisers of corn alone. The present rents could not possibly be paid from the profits of the growth of corn It is the high price of live stock which keeps up the value of land. The aggregate average price of wheat throughout the kingdom is oul y a8s. tid., upon which no rational argument can be founded for the sus- pension of the laws of the country. Besides, the working of the corn-laws will in its natural course effect all that is desirable; at any rate it does not pre- vent the introduction of foreign grain into the market. The present state of the grain market presents an appareut anomaly —that is, it affords a high and a low price for the same com- modity. namely wheat; but this dinerence is no more than might have been anticipated from the peculiar condition of the wheat crop, which yields good and iuferior samples at the same time. It can be no matter of surprise that fine wheat should realise good prices, or that inferior wheat should only draw low prices. The high price will remunerate those who have the good fortune to reap a crop of wheat of good quality, and the low prices of the inferior wheat will have the effect of keeping the aggregate average price at a medium figure, and by main- taining a high duty, will prevent the intlux of inferior grain to compete with our own iuferior graiu in the home market. The law thus really affords protection to those who are in need of it, namely—to such farmers as have reaped all iuferior crop of wheat; while those foreigners who have line wheat in bond, or a surplus which they may send to this country, can afford to pay a high duty on receiving a high price for their superior article. Taking such a state of things into consideration, we cannot conceive a measure more wise in i a operation, inasmuch as it accommodates itself to the peculiar circumstances of the times, than the present form of the coru-laws. Were that law allowed to operate as the legislature intended, it would bring grain into the country whenever a supply was actually necessary but we cannot shut our eyes to the mis- chievous effects which unfounded rumours of its suspension have already produced in the foreign market. Owin; to these reports, propagated by the newspapers, the holders of wheat abroad have raised the price to 3lis. a quarter, free ou board and as the same rumours have advanced the freight to (is. a qr., wheat cannot now be landed here under 6!is. The suspension of the corn-law would tend to confirm the panic abroad, aud would therefore increase the difficulties of our corn merchants in making purchases of wheat for this market. It seems to us very strange that sensible men of business should be so credu- lous as to believe ever:, idle rumour that is broached it the newspapers, so evidently for party purposes for the current report of the immediate suspension of the corn-law originated in the papers avowedly inimical to the ministry. The character of the League is well known. That body lias never permitted ttuthto be art obstacle in the way of its attempts. BUiolt- wood's Magazine.
THE SYSTEM OF "PROTECTION."
THE SYSTEM OF "PROTECTION." Suppose a man wishes to buy a. silk gown for his wife. He is asked 4i. Gd. a yard for French silk, of no very particular fabric and palteru., Why ? Because, unless a heavy duty is levied on French silk, the Kngtish manufacturer cannot com- pete with wie foreigner j am| for 0llr 0.y|J ()arta> we th|nk ()jjg an unanswerably good argument for levying the duty on the French article. J ° 3 You want to buy a ribbon; you are asked something exor- bitant per yard for one ot good foreign fabric. VVhv ? Ik-cause unless the home producer is protected against foreign com- peti'i-'n, every ribbon loom in Coventry must cease to work. You want a pair of kid gloves-you are asked 34. (>1. for an article which fetches less than 2s. iu faris. Why ? Because the Eughsh glove-maker must shut up shop unless he is pro- tected against trench competition. You want a superfine merino coat—why have you to pav such an enormous sum ? Because unless the competition ot Spanish cloths is checked by a heavy import duty tiie ciothiers of Yorkshire cannot carrv on their trade. You order a bottle of ordinaire ciaiet for dinnel-Whv have you to pay 4s., at least, for that which costs perhaps IUJ. al Boulogne? Because you are bound by treaty to levy so much more duty on French than on Portuguese wines on condition t/wt jJortvgq( wrtqin of your imnuj'uc- j 'ures: i. e., you encourage jour home m .nuf c ure1, l y levy* [ HI>>. a duty on 'rench wine- on or itoct the <os;ars of your olo ties. Why? Be a,|5C vour colonics are hound in ic.lurn to i;ike your inatnracturP" And so it is throughout. Frnm the hat on your h ?ad to th15 shoe fin ,:nar foot; PVprVtll!n! yoi can wear or u<e, it he a tea-tray of puprer mache, a .riuket, or a watch, ali, a" i, protected. \mi there CH n b^ NO !ou >T !hat 'his si *;tem ot* protection j encoum :e l prod i-ti > i The security afforded 'by 1- *i.-la-i»'a imo o eme .t :,0 m I h si, that many of 'he anid, S m'5' hiihly protected —silks, for instance, and the ma-mla tore"' papier ma-he—have attained to an amazing tot. h i f p«ric* ti >n, though tl-ey ColnnOt compete i.) all ooen market win' iori'i "'eis, heea ise the c >s( nf manufacture in Enqiand is °] tieczssUy muck greater th in it is on the Continent Tins wc sec that on.- whole national svstem <>f trade a't^ commerce rests uyon protection. 'The natural resources EI1:!hnd are vcrv inferi >r to those of many cunt ies—t1-'1 bv the application of skill, and capital, and untiring industry) wp have been raised K) ?hf summit of |>r .sperity and pj*i'f' fh, wc must rr-mcn¡:I"r that ir is .In artificial prosperity. IØ talk of tr. e tiatie carried Oil by II country in s'lch c¡reurn- st;II1("" is to talk sheer nonsense. Free trade may <,xi,t, an; indeed, must exist, hctwern savage tribes. Toe skins of brood of b trhai-iaa* may he exchanged for the tomahawk* «" ano her; but in the complicated interests of a vas, e npirc- au empire ndiose d nniuions are to he found under every la' tude — an empire that must raise annually a revenue o: 50 millions ot money to carry en its regular goverum-'nt—it i' nlaiti that 10 dream ot free trade i, little short of insanity' Where is the mischief of protection? If the fanner i< pro" treted, si is the glover, so is the hatter, so is th" spirit mcf ribbon maker; nay, so is the cotton spinner aud the papet maker. wickedness of factious men, who inake a trade of sedi-ion tumult, all might be prosperous, for all are equa ly bound uf in the general welfare. We have become a gieat and glor'o"4 nation by artificial means; but if ue take "up ihe m re ab- str»et principles of a stupid and hnrd-henrted economy, shall assuredly overthrow our tia'ional wealth and po.v.r at blow. Now about what arc her Majesty's presumed Minister* [[.orii John Uiissell and Co.] deliberat N^ ? AIM I! reoealtii| the corn la ws of England in the best method—i. e, the thod most likely to secure themselves in power. And wh-i' would th" effect of ,his repeal hê? Its first, III 1st oovi mS and necessary effect would Ue to derange the wlple monetary si/item of ICni/laiid. There is liaroly a security in the country which would not be affected l>v i.. I: must necessita e a total revision of our l ixa io >. 'J'he revenue will IIC defici tit fJr the public exigencies Ireland, too; What will he ihectf rC of such a measure on that unhappy country ? At present, I I'.neh-.nd cou«nm s an immense prupoiliou of the gra n uf Ireland t/po-i the tree trade system, by which trie pi ice mise:!es of that country wiil he multiplied four-fold. We c nnot believe the pcoplp. «f Ihiilaad to be so mad a* to wis.i for 'he pissin> of a measure which must entail such iinir.ediate and dreadful dis iess and confusi>n. Bur let them not h-> deceived if the corn laws are repealed let no one suppose tint any sort or production wlil maintain its protection when you have crippled the means aud in' creased thc burdens of thc immense mass (If people no* <»«* pendent ou agricul'ure, you cannot, in common justice, PX!»<*«:• them to pay <1 ilt ice for everything else. — Herald
(Enteral AKtgctflang. MONEY MAHKET.—THURSDAY EVENING.— All renitii"9 anxiety for the formation of a new ministry, and busing is meanwhile held in abermce. Consols 'for the opening were last sold at 92^, the l'hree per Cents. Reduced HI1, the Three and a Quarter New 94' and Exchequer H'1'3 19, 21 p.m.; Bank Stock has been done at 1994. Ti'e Railway Shares present no new phasis, and whatever change can be noted it is rather to the worse. AN APOLOGY. It is true the poor Whigs make a wond'rous delay In seizing on office for one-quarter's pay; A job so disgraceful needs some time to do it, For Nemo repente tU"pi8SimuJ.!iÚt." The Queen, Prince Albert, and the infant royal faø roily returned to "Windsor Castle on Saturday, from tbe Isle of "Wight. A gentleman in one of the interior towns of United States is so much oppressed to capital pU'1" ishments that he refuses to hang his gate Mr. Brunei is now in the neighbourhood of ExetcS I and his purpose is to open a line of atmospheric rai'" way from that city to Starcross, by the time pal liament assembles! The Whiir nobility and gentry declined to attend9 meeting at Perth the other day for the total repeal of the. corn law. This is a satisfactory beginning of Lord JohJl Russell's difficulties. FATAJ. BOILER EXPLOSION.—By the explosion of # steam boiler at Bolton, on Monday last, on the pretnis*' belonging to the late Mr. Rothwell, ten persons have beet killed, and upwards of 20 seriously injured. The dnrnag6 to the property will be about three thousand pounds. At the Court of Excise on Thursday week, Messi'-j Fortnum and Mason, wholesale dealers in wine spirits, Piccadilly, were fined JE50 for selling less thal1 two gallons of brandy, not being licensed as retail dealers. Messrs. Morell, Brothers were also fined in the sa.B8 penalty for a similar offence. It is announced that the council of the League hiK* determined to raise a quarter ofa million by voluntary contributions. Why require so large a sum, Lord John Russell has promised to do the work of tota repeal for nothing? There was a city meeting of electors of London faø vourable to the Anti-corn-law Lwue oil Monday, I Cobdenplayhigthepartof leadefof the band, LorI, John Russell was invited, but excused himself ou plea of his •« peculiar position." We learn from a source on which we have reason to place credit that the unfortunate differences arising from the step taken by a youthful lady and her noble parents, are likely to end in a speedy reconciliation.—Herald The Birmingham Journal says that Sir Robert father was a strenuous opponent of the Corn Laws 111 18lo, and not without pretensions to be regarded as the Cobden of his day. We have good reason (it adds) knowing that he strenuously impressed his views on children indeed, one of them is as stedfast an opponeB* of the Corn Laws as any member of the League. It is said that in the event of an immediate dissolution of Parliament, an active opposition will be made to the re-election of the Right Hon. Henry Goulbuni, as member for the University. The grounds of offeD(V3 against the right lion, gentleman are, his support Union of the Sees of Bangor and St Asaph, the U }llta- rian Chapels Bill, The Jews' Disabilities Bil aud the lata endowment of Maynooth. IMPORTANT RAILROAD QUESTION.—The most impor. tant railroad question—the most important without coiw* parison or approach that Parliament will have, to next session—is that which regards the projected lines o' communication between London and Yoik—and that virtually, between the Continent and the British metro' polis at one point—and the North of England Kingdom of Scotland at the other. In determining thi* I question, parliament will have to decide a principle in which the whole empire has an interest far transcending all loc. interests. Parliament will have to declare whether as conduit for the immense amount of traffic in goods passengers, which must necessarily be oQiiveyed froIØ London on the one side, and York on the other, a. direct main trunk line or one- more or Ire" devious, is to be preø ferred. In other words, the question to be determiDed i will be, whether the general interests of thetJuugdom lo be consulted in granting the best and straightcst shortest line between the termini, or whether these 1I.1Ø terests are, in one case, to be sacrificed to the ence of a number of not very considerable towns, or, IIJ another, to the private and personal interests of a certa:u • body of speculators in railway property and projects 1 POPEUY AND POTATOES. — We take the following pre- ciuus morce.au from the Dublin Warder —"We learn th'1' the Romish Priests in the Isles of Arran arc turning potato rot to the usual pecuniary account, as well as to a¡\ø | vancetnent of their superstitious mummeries. It 1 that iu order to stay the plague, a mass which costs dotfb'" the ordinary price, called The Holy Ghost Mass, is per- formed throughout the villages. It is really disgusting be obliged to record such blasphemies yet these are Ma)" nooth Priests who thus act, aud it is to propagate Maynooth Priests that parliament has endowed the'* manufactory. Notwithstanding, men will continue manufactory. Notwithstanding, men will continue to wonder at the Divine judgments and human degrada'!01* which ensue. ::> I THE MARCH OF TRANQUILITY.— letter from. 1108' common, of Saturday's date, states the following:' Yesterday a company of the 49th Regiment, stationed » Athlone, marched inhere on their waytoCloone, in th* county of Leitritn, for the purpose of relieving a detach- ment of the 32d Regiment. Five of the men and I drummer were billeted at a house kept by a man of tb* name of Luke Connor, While the men were at diiUJ< one of the soldiers had bis firelock, bayonet, U0 rounds 0 ) ammunition, and 02 caps, taken from "the room in j lie lodged the gun. The drummer losk liis swor.l al*"» j About one o clock yesterday, a gentleman of the name j Tracey, who was shooting withiu 200 yards of this totVtl; was met by a man who inquired whitt sport he had had ■ t On his Iepljing, Very bad," five other men seized hi*?' took his gun, powder-horn, &c., placed him upon knees, and then swore him as to whether he knew any the party. On his swearing he did not, he was aUo\Vc to go off. The Board of Stamps and Taxes has come to a decisi0" which, though apparently right in principle, muse occasi^ gieat injustice in practice. It is known that the incot'|C' ot numbers of the clergy, even of those the most devoted their sacred calling, are small, whilst the more popular" the dissenting ministers receive their six or seveu ht»'|' died pounds a-year each. These latter, ho-wever, th«'f incomes being derived from voluntary contributions, declared to be exempted from the property-tax, whi^ every church minister, whose pecuniary RENLLMERATIL' amounts to £ 150 per annum, has to pavl Here is a p;l1' pable unfairness, of which, we suspect, those who hav' been the loudest in their denunciations of the income-l:l* will offer no complaint, but of which an alteration I; manifestly required. Granting that it would be uoreasoi*' able to estimate annually the balance of profits" on all lucome derived from voluntary or varying sources, \vb/ not take it at three years, as in the case of other honoU." abll, pursuits t There surely can be 110 reason why aft person having enjoyed the ample receipts, should exempted from the small payment. We put the matte, upon the broad question of l ight, without reference to I peculiar party or religious views, though we think it *vi|1 j be at once conceded that the decisiou referred to prove; that those who habitually complain of Grievances tire uo$ the last to receive exclusive favours Hereford Journal- i, The prices of wheat, oats, and potatoes, have recede** in our market every day this week pork ::l1d butter ha*' [ also fallen. Tnere are fifty vessels, with corll and pr°'. visions from this port for the English markets,willd bound in the river Shaunoni by 'adYerse wcather» bimtrkk Ch>9nich,