(Seneca ^sttucdlani). •^be expenses of the League, in the receat registration l'foceedings, are said to exceed, for Lancashire alone, the IIlIt\] /If £2;).000. ) We see by the Trish papers that many of the Irish aldlords, in consideration of the extensive failure of the potato crop, have come to the humane determination of lowering their rents. U-ULWAY DiitECTOits. —A correspondent of the Times gives a list of four gentlemen, one of whom is a director 23 companies advertised in two days, another of 22, a'iother of 21, and another of 20. One hundred shares J?1 each would be — No. 1, £ 57,000 No. 2, £ 55,000 3, £ 52,000; No. 4, £ 50,000. IJUOKEHS' CHARGES.—The following are the rates of C0|nmission charged by London brokers for buying ànd 8eUing shares, with rules of conduct generally observed in •^are transactions :—Shares under £5 value, Is. per share, of £ 5 and under £ 20 value, 2s. 6d. per share; ditto £ 20 and under £ 5J value, 5s. per share ditto of £ 50 and upwards, 10s per cent. on the cost of the shares. BRUSSELS, Oct. 23rd.—The agricultural commission ap- pointed by Government to examine the questions relating to the potato malady, have just presented their second '"port, in which they urge the necessity of providing in ttllle for the next year's produce hy reserving a sufficient H«antity of the sound potatoes for planting. They refer tit the example set in a high quarter, and followed by tltany rich families, who have given orders that no more l^tatoes shall be purchased for their households, and Point oat the advantages which would result from a kind j^eneral resolution to refrain from the use of that vege- HEATON PARK.—The purchase of the mansion and Park of the Earl of Wilton, we understand, has been Completed by one of the four rival railway companies Projected between Manchester and Bury, a distance of *lght or nine miles. The noble owner is to receive, it is stated, the sum of JE500,000 for this property. The Park, which is about three miles north of Manchester, is, understand, to be laid out in sites for villas.—Man- chester Guardian. POMPEII.—A correspondent at Naples writes on the J?th of October:—"In the morning of Thursday last '*ad inst.) the Scientific Congress, with its president, tbe Minister of State, Sant Angelo, went to Pompeii, ^here excavations were made under the directions of M. ^arlo Bomicci, chief conservator of the antiquities of :the kingdom. In a street near the temple of' Augustus ^vere found two shops filled with iron and brass kitchen ^ensils, apparently set out for sals. Opposite these faopg Was uncovered a magazine containing blocks of indigenous and African marble, and five statues of white Jlnlhrbrle, one of which-is a faun, and another of a woman Plotted in drapery, which the antiquarians present be- lieved to represent the Goddess of Envy. At one end of the Yi« Fortuna a house was cleared, on the ground floor of which was the furniture of a counting-house, or ofl1.ce, in wiiich were some silver coins of Vespasian and Glilba, and .some marble weights. All the heights arouud Pompeii were covered with people, and most of the streets and squares so filled that the old Roman city s6emed to have recovered its quondam population in full "^e and vigour." WRECK OF THE MARGARET, HULL STEAMER—NINE- ■'SEN LIVBS LOST.—By the General Steam Navigation Company's steam-ship Neptune, Captain Whittingham, ^hich arrived at Blackwall Wednesday afternoon from Hamburgh, intelligence was received in the city respect- ling the loss of one of the Hull and-Hamburgh steamers, Called the. Margaret, commanded by Captain Rawlinson, Accompanied by an awful loss of life. From the few particulars that have been brought over, it appears that during the whole of last week the northern coasts were Visited by a fearful storm, and the destruction among the Coasting traders and of human life is stated to be great. 1rbe Margaret steamer left Hamburgh for Hull on the instant, with passengers and a full cargo. By the time tihe had arrived off Cuxhaven, near the mouth of the Etbe, a breeze had sprung up from the N.W., but the captain proceeded. Nothing further was heard of her until Sunday morning last, when, just as the Neptune was about to start from Hamburgh, let- ters by the mail from Norden were received, an- nouncing that the Margaret had been wrecked ^ear Heligoland, and that sixteen of the passengers aftd three of the crew had perished. It is supposed that '3he was driven on a sand, called the Memmath, at the '^astern entrance of the river Memm. According to the Accounts she struck before day-break on the morning of tthe 22nd, consequently she must have been encountering }the gale three days. It appears that the moment she took !'he shoal the sea swept several persons overboard. At- tempts were made to reach the shore by the long boat, Wt it capsized, and every soul in it met with a watery grave- Those who remained on board the vessel, after being exposed to severe privation for a number of hours, were saved. The steamer, however, became a complete tyreck, and as the tide receded considerable quantities of the cargo were got out of her hold. The Fj'wrfsteamer, Capt. Agars, which reached London Bridge Wednesday evening, from Hull, reports that when she left the Humber fears were entertained, from the length of time the Margaret was over due, that some accident had happened to her. The Magaretvras the property of Mr. Pinner, of Hull, by whom she was built some years ago. She was about 250 tons burthen, rigged as three-mast schooner, and was worked by a screw propeller, being the first vessel of 1the description that has been engaged in the passenger 'traffic from that port. Within a few miles of the spot "vhere the Magaret was lost a ship foundered about the ^arne time, and every soul belonging to her was drowned. Another vessel, belonging to St. Petersburgh, named the fovhala, was lost on the previous day, on the same sands, ^nd the Captain and one rf f.h« crew perished. In ad- dition to these disasters, tlx 'mburgh Mail announces tbe loss of no fewer than tyiui v^siels on the Dutch coast during tbe gtetm. TUE GAMJo: LAMS.—At the Tring Agricultural Associa- tion meeting, on Tuesday, Mr. Hougbton, the Vice- President of the Society. thus expressed himself:—" I stand here as one of the largest occupiers of land in the kingdom. It is not only unfair, hut absolutely dishonest, for a landlord to take rent for a farm and then to stock it with game. (Cheers.) I have stated thisbeforeacom- niittee of the House of Commons, and will avow it on all occasions. It is dishonest of landlords to stock farms with vermin. Plenty of game might do for the landlords, but it would not do for him. If the aristocracy needed battues,' let them keep their game in a room, and shoot at it through the key-hole." We understand that Mr. Houghton farms nearly 4,000 acres of land.—John Bull. IN TIME OF PEACE PREPARE FOR WAR. — We learn from the Kingston (Canada) Chronicle that warlike pre- parations on a large scale IFe being made at that point. The front of the splendid town, hall, says the Chronicle, is to he laid open to the lake by the pulling down of M essrs. M'Pherson and Crane's store-houses and the erection of a heavy battery. The shoal in front is to be secured by a large tower, which will be of great utility in a naval point of view, as a mark for the harbour. It is also proposed to erect a large tower at Stuart's Point, and strengthen the works at Fort Henry. The last steamer from England brought advices that it was con- templated to send out a large additional military force to Canada, ami aho that the construction of seventeen war steamers was to be undertaken forthwith. In noticing these pregnant movements, the Buj'a'o Commercial Advertiser very properly says —"At every point Eng- land seems to be strengthening har means of offence and defence, and there is much reason to believe that at no time, within the last quarter of a century, have our rela- tions with that power been in a more delicate, if not critical, situation. What is our government doing? Denuding many of the most important points on the frontier and the seaboard of nearly all their effective defensive force, and without the authority and scarcely the colour of law transferring this force to Texas, a foreign country by our laws. Why is Buffalo, one of the most important points on the whole frontier, without any troops, while several companies are still kept at Platfsburgh, Sackett's Harbour, Oswego, Detroit, and Fort Gratiot?"—New York Courier and Enquirer. RAILWAY PROJECTS CRITICISED.—In the Railway Critic the shareholding and seeking public have, at last, that safe and sure guide in their investments, which, among the crude and crowded contents of most railway papers, they would look for in vain, simply because no other paper has ever yet thought (amidst the hurry in which they have been "got up," to catch the tide of spe- culation as it rushed along) of instituting a stern searching criticism ou all railway plans, unsparingly and unshrink- ingly denouncing every unworthy scheme, while doing justice to such as are of a stable aud steady character, and have a fair and probable prospect of success; distinguishing in fact, ihe different pioportionate classes, according to their degrees of merit or demerit; of soundness or of insta- bitity and enabling those who wish to invest, to avoid the unsafe and discover the safe. It is impossible to overrate the value of such an impartial unbiased adviser, such searching, scrutinizing examiner, whose very object and design it is to discover and expose imposture. Piiws IN CHURCHES.—The Bishop of Norwich lately delivered a sermon at the parish Church of St. Peter of ancioft, Norwich, which contained some excellent VIews, and which were urged with great ability, upon a subject of deep importance to our national "well-being as a Christian state. The Right Rev. Prelate commenced by giving a slight sketch (the occasion did not allow of a more elaborate statement) of the ancient modes of con- ducting public worship, from the earliest times. The traces are but few of the customs observed in the Jewish synagogue, before the Christian era, but what little is known is utterly opnosed to the supposition that the accommodation for those who attended public worship was in any way limited to a chosen and selected number. Proceeding from the Jewish times to the habits of the early Christians, we find nothing to justify the system of exclusiveness. On the contrary, we are told that the early Christians had all things in common. Nor as we advance to a later period, do we find anything which gives countenance to the practice. If we look at the plan and arrangements of our most ancient religious edifices, we see accommodation provided for the public in general, without any other distinction than certain private Chapels annexed to the Churches, in which, built and endowed as most, if not all of them were by private individuals, at their own sole expense, prescriptive rights were allowed, and private seats for the accommodation of their founders and their families were acknowledged. It was not till after the reformation (although the earliest encroachments on public rights by private influence and interference may be detected about the middle of the century immediately preceding it), when on the dissolu- tion and spoliation of ecclesiastical possessions, lands, long held for other purposes, became the property of private individuals and parishes, and religious edifices came into the hands of the laity, that the evil spread itself over the length and breadth of the land, and soon became so identified with our habits, that all recollection of its original and monstrous injustice was well nigh lost. "So accustomed indeed (observes the Right Reverend Prelate) are we, in these our days, to look upon the system of pews as a right and possession, to which the wealthier may lay claim, that it is difficult to raise the veil from eyes accustomed from infancy to contemplate them under these aspects; and consider them as pri- vileges annexed to certain classes, with which others have no right to interfere. But there is an illustration, an argument feady at hand, which has always appeared to me strong and unanswerable, one which I have often heard put, but never answered. It is this :-Supposing that till thisour day, in these our times, our churches -built (as they were) for the benefit of the many, and not for the few, for public and not merely private accornmodation- had remained open for all, as originally intended: when, to the surprise of every body, at some general meeting fa vestry for instance), one or two or more in- dividuals in the parish, had insisted on their right to take possession of so much of this public property for their own sole and particular and exclusive use, that they had boarded off in the best and most commanding position in the Church for their private occupation and conve- nience, so many square feet, and claimed them as their own, what would the other persons equally interested in the use of the sacred fabric say 1 What would the other members of that vestry think, at such an unheard of attack on public lights, and public property1? There can be but one reply; common sense, common justice, every feeling of equity and religion would be roused into op- position to such an unprecedented proposal. And were such a proposal now, I repeat, for the first time made, in favour of a system to which custom hasfamiharisedus; the proposer, there can be no doubt, would meet with gene- ral and just resistance from ninety-nine out of the hundred who witnessed his proceeding." We should observe that the sermon we are noticing was preached at the request of many of the parishioners of St. Peter of Mancroft, who are desirous of removing the pews from that Church, several influential pew-holders having willingly surrendered their's for the purpose of carrying out the principle. His Lordship also mentions that in a considerable number of Churches in his diocese the ex- periment had been tried with more than anticipated success." SERIOUS CHARGE OF MUTINY, AND ATTEMPT TO SINK A BRITISH SHIP, BY THE CREW. Liverpool, Tuesday Afternoon. —The royal mail steamer Cambria, which ar- rived here last night from Halifax and Boston, with the North American mails, brought seven seamen in irons, part of the crew of the British barque Champlain, be- longing to Cork, who had been given up hy the United States authorities, under the treaty »vitli that country, for examination in England upon a charge of aggravated mu- tiny, and of attempting to bink the vessel they were navi- Satiog. On the arrival of the steamer, the prisoners were given in to the charge of Capt. Bevis, R.N., who forthwith handed them over to the civil authorities; and at twelve o'clock to-day the charges against them were investigated before Mr. Rushton, the stipendiary magistrate. The names of the prisoners are Thomas Sheazd. John Cockle- ston, Hermann Hinker, Henry Matthews, Thomas Boyle, Job M'Cann, and Henry Willman Matthews. The depositions taken before the British Consul for the State of Maine, and the authorities of the United States, were produced. They were most voluminous, but only one witness was examined to-day, namely, the steward. James Kidney, the steward, said, I shipped ou hoard the barque Champlain, of Cork, at St. Johu's, New Bruns- wick, some time in August last. The prisoners were shipped at tbe same time. J. D. Penton was the master of the ship. Shortly after we sailed, the crew became discontented and after we had been out fire or six days, all the prisoners came aft, and said, that as the ship was making too much water, they would not stay with her. She was leaky, they said. Hincker was at the wheel. The Captain asked them to pump the ship, bnt they all went forward and refused to work. They next went below. Hincker immediately left the wheel and went with them, and the wheel bad to be taken by the carpenter. Boyle told me I was no man if I refused to knock off' like the rest. I refused to knock off.' A gale of wind began to blow the same afternoon, and the crew were asked to come on deck to their duty, but all of them refused. The captain, the mate, and myself went aloft, leaving the carpenter at the wheel. I heard the mate ask them to come ouce or twice, and they gave him no answer. I do not know how much water there was in the hold at this time."—One of the prisoners, Boyle, asked the witness whether there was not four and hall feet water in the hold on the Saturday before this gale 1 He replied be did not know.—This was all the evidence at present. The cap- tain, the mate, and the carpenter took their departure be- fore the steamer in a sailing vessel bound for Cork, S: they are shortly expected to arrive there. On the applicat,on of the prosecution, the prisoners, none of whom said any- thing, were remanded to the borough g«ol until these per- sons arrive. We have made inquiries into the history of this case, and we hear that the testimony of the absent witnesses will, in all probability, disclose most abominable and wicked conduct on the part of the crew. Fron) what we hear, the history is this. A few days after the prison- ers had shipped with Captain Penton, there arose a scarcity of seamen in St. John's, and wages advanced considerably. They could not persuade the captain to re- lease them from the terms of their articles, and thereupon, it is said, on good evidence, that they conspired to compel him to put them ashore after they had been a few days at sea. The first mutinous symptom was shown by the prisoners commanding one of their body, Hincker, to put the ship about and steer a course quite opposite to- that directed by the captain. The capt«in, how ever, succeeded in causing the vessel to keep the right course, and then it was suddenly discovered that the vessel was making Water. On this, the prisoners in a body refused to work. It is said an augur was found upon one of them, and that with this augur they kept continually boring holes, until at one time there waa eight and a half feet water in tbe hold. Being in danger, the prisoners just pumped suffi- ciently to keep the ship afloat, and then they knoclied off." This comluct was repeated for several days. At last a brig hove in sight. The captain immediately hoisted signals of distress, which were fortunately observed, and boats sent to the relief of the Champlain. The two cap- tains communicated, and the result was that the seven prisoners, after a long struggle, were placed in irons, and conveyed to the first port, which happened to be on the coast of Maine. This outline we are assured is strictly correct. The details, we are also assured, will show most --courageous conduct on the part of the captain, and the officers of the ship who remained faithful to their duty.
HUNTING APPOINTMENTS. MR. MORGAN'S HOUNDS WILL MEET On Wednesday..Oct. 5th, at. Tredegar House. Friday Oct. 7th, at.Penyland White Gate EACH DAY AT 11 O'CLOCK. THE COWBRIDGE HARRIERS MEET I On Monday. Nov. 3rd Pensilvania. Wednesday.. 5th. Crack. EACH DAY AT IIALV-TAST TEN. I
NOTICE TO CORRESPONDED I'S. A //COMMUNICATIONS and ADVERTISEMENTS inte1, ( eu for this JOURNAL should be forwarded early hi the TVeek-not later thall THURSDAY. !■ ii urn 11 II mm iTMRIIUNTRNIIMI INN ■IUIIIIIMIIMIHW—■im« uwm
HIGH WATER AT CARDIFF. I NOVEMBER. Morning, j Evening. Sunday 2 7 25 7 4G Monday 3 8 6 8 27 Tuesday 4 8 47 9 9 Wednesday 5 9 33 j 9 53 Thursday 6 10 27 10 5S Friday 7 11 5 n 34 Saturday 8 S 0 It) j 0 57
THE CARDIFF AND MEItTIIYK GUARDIAN. FRIDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1845. THE RAILWAY" PANIC. City, October 30th.— In spite of the forebodings of interested parties, the Railway Market is again recovering, and in a very short period we shall see everything of a bond fide character, better than even before the temporary panic. That the vast sums of money at present invested in railway deposits, is injurious to the well-being of the country, has been failed to be proved even by that all powerful and untiring Croaker, the Editor of the Times newspaper, a party who (be it known to the public) is a participator in almost every scheme which appears as an advertisement in that jour- nal. The fact is simply this, that more money has been made by the knowing ones of London during the last few days' panic, than during all the previous months of rail- way speculation, as the terror-stricken Country Scrip Holders, ignorant of the real state of the market, made enormous sacrifices, the profits of which have been divided amongst the aforesaid swindlers. The advice given in the Sun was very good-to hold on and let the wave run on, which, when it met the shore, rebounded, and is fast assuming its former level. There are, of course, some schemes which deserve to fall, and we can have no pity on the shareholders, as respectable individuals have no right to lend their names to any concern, unless they are persuaded of its being a bona fide undertaking. CARDIFF LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTION.— A. special meeting of the committee was held at the library of the institution on Thursday evening, for the purpose of receiving a communication from the Lord Bishop of Llandaff-E. P. Richards, Bsq., in the chair. The Rev. Thomas Stacey read a letter addressed to him by the right rev. prelate, wherein his lordship proposed to send his set of the journals of the House of Lords to be depo- sited in this library, thinking they might be useful to the subscribers in general. Resolutions, expressive of a grateful acceptance of his lordship's offer, were entered into, and preparations were ordered to be made for re- ceiving the books (which have already arrived), and for keeping them separate from the other books of the insti- tution, in trust for the See of Llandaff. We understand the binding alone of these books cost nearly £100. This accession to the library, together with the unique and most valuable collection of historical state papers and other works which his lordship formerly presented to the institution, is hardly to be over-estimated, and puts this institution far in advance of any other, probably, in the whole principality in the possession of a library contain- ing the most rare, sound, and standard works extant. We regret to find that there is one thing wanting, which we should scarcely expect to have to complain of in this wealthy and important, neighbourhood—and that is, the want of individual interest in, and pecuniary sup- port of this society, commensurate with the enlightened and munificent endeavours of our respected diocesan, and to the necessities of so advanced a period in science and literature as the nineteenth century. WE were gratified, on the occasion of our visiting the Cardiff Library last evening (Thursday), to witness a beautiful collection of British fossil shells, found in the London clay, mounted in the most clean and scientific manner, presented, as we understand, by the indefati- gable secretary, Robert Daw, Esq. We observed, too, with great pleasure, an almost perfect specimen of the Ichthyosaurus, discovered during the late summer at Lavernock Point, on this coast, by a Lady of Cardiff, who most generously presented it in an appropriate case to the institution. We learned, too, that the Dean of Llandaff had written to Dr. Yachell, to express his inten- tion of adding largely to the department of the museum and especially of presenting to it some recently discovered skeletons of lclttltyusauri, and the bones of the much more rare genus P/esiosaums. Were all the men with ample means & intelligent minds, by whom we are surrounded, prepared to second these noble efforts, the county town of Glamorgan would as far transcend all her other towns, in its literary and instructive resources, as it does in its extraordinary advantages for commercial enterprise and industrial pursuits. r SAINT MARY'S CHURCH. —We have again the pleasing task imposed upon us, by our sense of public duty, of calling the attention of our friends to the announcement which is made formally in another column relative to the consecration of this beautiful edifice, and which solemn and interesting ceremony is to take place on Thursday next. We shall, as a matter of course, endeavour to give a full account of the proceedings of the occasion let us also, at the same time, have the deep satisfaction of re- porting that the inhabitants of this important and thriving district manifested their unalterable regard for the Church of their forefathers by coming forward and liquidating the debt which, we regret to see by the advertisement, still remains upon the building, and which amounts to about three hundred pounds. Forms of consecration may be purchased at the office of this paper. THE MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS for this borough take place to-morrow (Saturday, November 1st). We have been informed that several persons have been for some time engaged in an active private canvass; but they have not, up to this moment, favoured the electors, either by means of the press or by handbills, with an exposition of their views upon either of the questions of local policy which at a recent period occupied the public miud. By an advertisement, which appears in another column, it will be perceived that the sermon delivered by the Rev. Archdeacon Williams, at the late Visitation at Llandaff has been published, and may now be procured at the Guardian Office. We sometime ago had occasion to notice the projected railway from the Vale of Ely to the port of Cardiff, and the great advantages likely to result to this portion of Glamorganshire, from opening such new and valuable sources of commerce. We have now the gratification of seeing this enterprizing notion followed up by another and, if possible, still more valuable scheme namely, the union of the Vales of Ogmore and Garw, with a direct line to our town and noble docks. This company has been formed under the best auspices, with a Board of Direction of great talent and of the highest respectability. Twenty-four out of thirty-four miles (the extent of the valuable district through which this railway will pass) is full of coal, ironstone, and limestone and the prognos- tications of our best geologists, as to the value of the South Glamorganshire coal-field will now soon be real- ized. We have much pleasure in adding that these companies are prepared to go before Parliament, being fully able to comply with the standing orders for that purpose. A MEETING of the County Roads Board was held at Swansea, on Wednesday last-J. Dillwyn Llewelyn, Esq., in the chair. Present: J. H. Vivian, Esq., M.P.; J. Bruce Pryce, Esq.; Griffith Llewelyn, Esq.; Thomas Edw. Thomas, Esq.; John Grove, Esq.; and D. W. James, Msq., and J. Strick, Esq., chairmen of the North- ern and Western District Boards. The superintendent of the South Wales roads (Capt. Harness, R.E.), and the clerk of the County Roads Board (T. Dalton, Esq.) were also present. The whole day was devoted to the transaction of business; and arrangements were made for working with the best effect this experimental Act. We fear that, work as it will, it must be a weight upon the county rate, which, however, is borne, as the property tax is, by the landowners. CARDIFF MARKET, Oct. 2-3.— Beef, 6d. to 7d.; Mutton, 6d, to 6»d.; Lamb, 6d. to 6Jd.; Veal, 6Jd. to 7d.; Pork, 6-id. to 7d. per lb. Geese, 3s. 6d to 4s. 6d. each Ducks, 3s. 6d. to 4s. 6d,; Fowls, 2s. 6d. to 3s. per couple; Butter, fresh. Is. 2d., salt, Is. Id. per lb.; Eggs, lid. per doz.; Cheese, 6d. to 7d. per lb.; Potatoes, white, 6s. 6d,, red, 8s. per sack; Walnuts, Is. per 100 Filberts, lOù. per lb. The Clerk of Lieutenancy of this county has been called upon by the Secretary of War for a return of the names, places of residence, and times of appointment of the several subdivision-clerks in this county. We apprehend this is preparatory to embodying the militia shortly. CASUALTIES RECEIVED AT THE INFIRMARY DURING THE WEEK.—On Monday, Patrick Dowell, a native of Ireland, who accidentally fell from the deck of a vessel, now undergoing repairs in the Bute Docks, into the hold, and thereby was severely bruised in various parts of the body. -John Davies, who was, at about 3 o'clock Tues- day morning, on the Taff Vale railroad, severely crushed and bruised between the buffers of two railway carriages, or waggons. The injuries which he has sustained are described as "contusions in the back andloiuB." John Harding was, on the same morning, also very much crushed between t\vo waggons on the same railroad, near Newbridge, by which accident he sustained some severe injuries in the abdomen. They are all, we have much pleasure in stating, progressing favourably under the careful attentiou of Mr, Russell, bouse-surgeou. Lord and Lady James Stuart and Miss Stuart arrived last week at Craigie, on a visit to Mr. James Campb'eil, from Inverary Castle, where they had been staying on a visit to the Duke and Duchess of Argyll. Capt. C. F. Parkinson,"73rd Foot, lately quartered in this town, has, we observe in Friday's Gazette, left the service, and is succeeded by Capt. T. Cradock, from half- pay, unattached. A very handsome monument has just been erected in the church of Goathurst, Somersetshire, near the family vault of Halswell, to the memory of the late Lieut. M. Kemeys Tynte, of the 4th Dragoon Guards (unfortu nately killed by a fall from his horse in March last), as a testimony of their regard, by Colonel Chatterton, K.H., and the officers of that regiment. CARDIFF STREET COMMISSIONERS.—At a meeting held on Monday last, an order was made for payment for sur- veying, sweeping, cleansing, &c., JEI3 3s. 4d. and a committee was appointed to see if the arrangement of the lamps in some of the streets can be beneficially altered. CARDIFF SAYINGS BANK.—Oct. 25th, IS45: Deposits received, C204 10s. 4d.; ditto paid, f320 13s. 7d.; num- ber of depositors, 40. DREADFUL RAILWAY ACCIDENT.—We regret having 10 announce the death of Mr. William Fuller Boteler, one of the Commissioners presiding at the Leeds District Court of Bankruptcy, and brother of Captain Boteler, of Landough, in this county. As our readers may have been informed, the deceased was in a first class carriage on the Midland Railway, near Leeds, at the time the ac- cident occurred on Monday week, and upon that occasion his legs were both struck by one of the buffers, arid were broken below the knee. His person was otherwise con- siderably injured. He was speedily conveyed to his own residence at Oulton, near Leeds, and from the latter town several medical gentlemen were quickly in attendance upon the unfortunate sufferer. After a consultation, it was considered that amputation of one of Mr. Boteler's legs was necessary, and the operation was performed the same evening. At the time the unfortunate sufferer was in such a state as to preclude the slightest hope of his recovery indeed, he was not expected to survive more than a few hours. However, contrary to expectation, he survived until Thursday morning, when death mercifully released him from his sufferings. This melancholy oc- currence has excited strong feelings of grief in Leeds and the neighbourhood. A verdict of Manslaughter has been returned by the Coroner's Inquest on the body of Mr. Boteler, against Thomas Wheatley, the driver of the engine which ran into the train in which he (Mr. B.) was travelling. HOUSE-WARMING DINNER.—Mr. James Williams's house-warming dinner took place 011 the evening of Wednesday last, at his establishment, the Red Cow Inn, Womanby-street, in this town. A numerous party of friends assembled, and partook of a capital dinner, which was placed upon the table in a manner highly creditable to the house. After dinner conviviality, &c., &c., was kept up for some time, so that at parting the majority of the company declared it was one of the pleasantest evenings they had ever spent." We heartily wish Mr. Williams unbounded success in his new undertaking being certain that he deserves every encouragement. MERCHANT SEAMEN.—The following notice, which is of very considerable importance to owners and masters of vessels, and to all persons more or less concerned in the mercantile and shipping trade of the country, has been posted in conspicuous places at the Custom House, and the several dock establishments in London, and copies of the same have been transmitted, by direction of the com- missioners, to the principal officers of the revenue at the several ports and other places along the coasts of the United Kingdom, for the information and future govern- ment of themselves and their officers, and all parties con- cerned By the commissioners for managing and causing to be levied and collected her Majesty's customs and other duties, notice is hereby given, that the restric- tions of an act of parliament passed in the 8th and 9th years of the reign of her present Majesty Queen Victoria, entitled 'An Act for the protection of seamen entering on board Merchant Ships,' will come into operation on the 1st day of November next, and that from and after that day no person, except the owner, part owner, master, or person in charge of a merchant's ship, or the ship's husBand will be at liberty to hire, engage, supply or pro- vide seamen to be entered on board merchant ships without a licence first obtained from the Lords of the Committee of her Majesty's Privy Council appointed for Trade and Foreign Plantations; and further, that appli- cation for such licences must be made by letter, addressed to The Lords of the Committee of Privy Council for Trade, Whitehall, London.' By order of the Commis- sioners of her Majesty's Customs.—(Signed) C. Scovell, Secretary.—Custom House, London, Oct. 25, 1815. This important enactment has for its object the protection of a very numerous and useful body of persons, who are proverbially notorious for their improvidence and care- lessness with respect to affairs regarding which most per- sons, more or less, think it prudent and necessary to be careful-viz., the pressrvation of themselves from the impositions of fraudulent and ill-disposed & ill-conducted persons, and should be hailed by them with the thank- fulness and satisfaction which, from its benevolent inten- tions, it eminently deserves. ————<'———— GAME LIST FOR GLAMORGANSHIRE. We extract the following names of persons, resident in this county, from the second published statement in the Carmarthen Journal Andrews, James Penlline ) Morris, C. H., Sketty Park Bassett, Richard, Bonvilstone Morris, George Byng, ditto House Morris, J. A., ditto Boteler, J. H., Lando ugh Castle Parsons, John, juu., Duffryn Bradley, Edward, Treguff Place Clydach Bull, Frederick, Swansea Phillips, Rev. Samuel, Reynold- Calvert, John, Newbridge stone Cameron, N. P., Loughor Powell, John, Boverton Came, .T. W. Nicholl, Esq., Pritchard, Thomas, Neath Dimlands House Middle Carne. R. C. Nicholl, E, sq., Rolilly, Edward, Porthkerry Nash Manor I Samuel, John Bonvilstone Cozens, Rev. James,Newbridge Thoma.s, R. L., Swausea Davidson, James, CardiiF Thomas, William. Lan Davies, Rev. Samuel, Oyster- f Thomas, Rev. H. J., Pentyrch mouth Traherne, M. Popkin, Coytra- DiUwyn, Lewis L., Swansea hene Franklyn, Gilbert W., Dowlais Tynte, C. J. Kemeys, Cefnmably Joseph, Thomas, Neath Abbey Vivian, j. Henry, Singleton Kenyon, Daniel, Cefnmably Abbey- Leaver, Rev. C. H., Sketty Park ivun, Henry H ( ditto Llewellyn, Llewellyn, Ynispen- Wilkins, Evan, Lantwit Major 11 wch f'iams. William, Garth, Lindsay. Robert, Taibach Merthyr Morgan, John, Neath Middle Persons licensed to deal in Game. Ballard, Edward, Cowbridge Hill, William, Swansea
CARDIFF POL ICE.-MONDAY. [Before H. Morgan, Esq., and Rev. T. Stacey.] Superintendent Siockilale said that near this town, on the north road, weie picked op a man's coat and trousers—both new-and a pocket-book. In the pocket-book was a bill issued from the establishment of 'Jr. I)avid livans. wine-merchant. Upon 1'Mikin^ closely at the book it was discovered that it seemed to belong to Mr. J. Evans, Pentwyn Works, Gla- morganshire." It also contained memorandums of work done by workmen. < Thomai Griffiths, of Little Mill Lane, blacksmith, or lock- smith, was char-reil with having purchased titr.-c keys, the property of the Warqui* of note, knowing them to have been stolen. E. P. Uicliards, hsq., attended to watch the proceed- ings on the. part of the noble prosecutor> Sjrah Hushforth examined 1 ar|' kitehcn-maid }n ,|le service of Lord Jaini-s Stuart, at ^as.t'e- At about three o'clock on Saturday afternoon I left the kitchen for a quarter of an hour or twenty minutes. When I left the door was shut: when I returned it was open. 1 missed three keys—the key of the door at the en'l of the passage, the kitchen door>and the key of a cupboard in the kitchen. I found a parcel in the kitchen from Mr. Mitchell, whIch had been brought there duiing my abience. [Keys produced.] 1 hese are the three keys: Kit-hard Green examined:—" [ am 12 years old, and live in the Hayi's. I am employed by Mr. Mitchell to go errands for him. On Saturday last I was sent by him to the Castie with shoes A boy went with me whom I IlIct by Mr. Allen's, in Duke-street. (lis name is Kdinund Matthews. We went together to the Castle door, but he did not come in with me a» the woman sent him away from the gate. I went dc.WD the steps into the kitchen-saw no one there—put the parcel of shoes on a table saw three keys there in some doors, and took them away with me. I carried them to sell to a man. Matthews went with me. We went to a nailer's shop, near to Mrs. Fairciough's. Outside the shop we saw this man fprisonei.J Matthews told Ine to get the keys aud to go and sell them. 1 asked the man if he wanted any keys, and lie said 1 Ves and then he gave me twopence tor >hem. and I gave Matthews a halfpenny. [ never sold the man keys he. fore hut I saw him before that in the street, and he asked me had I keys to sell. That was the first word he said."— This lad's statement was corroborated in most of the leading facts by Mauhews, another and a younger lad after which Mr. Mitchell was examined, who explained to the magistrates the eiretiiiislances which led to the prisoner's apprehension. Ou being a^ked if he had any answer to make to the charge prisoner said •' he very often bought fifty keys a-day—that housekeepers frequently sent children there with keys to sell, and that his business was in the lock line."—He was fully committed for trial • but we believe was aftei wards liberated, under bail. The magistrates addressed a most feeling repri. mand to the boys, and then dismissed them. As»A(|i. r. Edmund Morris, attorney's clerk, and Robert Jones, of VV orking.street, were charged with having assaulted Francis Purneh.on Wednesday last. It appealed that Purnell and a man named Robert Thomas were el"ployert by Mr. Langley to levy a distress upon the goods ot the defendant Jones—that they entered his house-made the levy, and were thenviotentty ejecred by Morris and Jones. Case dismissed upon a technical point, as it appeared that Purnell had pro- ceeded rather informally. Several applications for summonses were disposed of. A butcher exhibited two legs of mutton, which, having been left in the public slaughter-house, had been eaten into by rats. They were also shown to several members of the Town Council in the Council Chamber. THURSDAY.—[Before Henry Morgan, Esq.] Mr. Solomon Marks said that whilst he was proceeding down St, Mary's-street on Monday night last, upon arriving opposite the timber yard of the Messrs. Batchelor, he fell over a bar of iron which had been driven into the earth on the public footway, and to which a barge laden with timber for the Messrs. Batchelor had been moored. He took a. policeman to the spot soon afterwards, who endeavoured to pull the bar out of the ground, but it had been so firmly fixed that it resisted his eftorts to remove it. Mr. Marks said that by the accident he had been much hurt and very nearly precipitated into the canal, as the bar was fixed within two yards of the edge.—Mr. Morgan said the parties who fixed it there were highly to be censured and enquired whether Mr. Marks could procure evidence to prove who had done so.- Superintendent Stockdale said he had called repeatedly upon the Messrs. Batchelor, and had spoken to them of^ the irregularities Committed by their workmen, but his (Mr. S. s) remonstrances seemed to produce no good etlect.—With respect to this and similar obstructions to the public footway, the magistrates issued the following order :—" The Superintendent of Police of Cardiff is directed to inform those persons that leave their carta or ether carriages, wbeelbanwsj Sc., in the public streets, that upon a repetition of the offence, the parties oiiending will be proceeded against as the law directs—the fine for .¡:,ié,h win prohably be severp." Mr. Hail, landlord of the Jolly Mariners,' Great Frederick- street, appeared to answer a complaint preferred against him bv superintendent Stoekdale—namely, of having been drunk in the public street at half-past twelve on the night of Thursday last, and of having severely beaten his wife. lie also broke up- wards of thirty panes of plass in his own house, and conducted himself most extraordinarily. So determined," said Mr. Stock- dale, was he tobreak the windows that he actually took a caudle—went outside the house—and looked if he had broken them all!" Defendant said it was his first offence-that his wife was as much to be blamed as he was, and promised never to offend similarly agiin. He put 2s. Cd. in the Infirmaryobox, upon which the magistrate dismissed the case. Matthew Ilian was placed before the bench by Superintendent Stoekdale, who said he had been given into custody by Mr. Jewry, shoemaker, Iligh-street, for behaving violently and abusively in Mr. Jewry's shop on Wednesday.— Mr. Morgan: "Js Mr. Jewry in attendance ?"—Supt. Stoekdale: No, Sir; neither do I believe he means to pros.: the charge, because he sent his foreman last night to bail the defendant out of custody." ( a<e dismissed, as Mr. Morgan received a note from Mr. Jewry, inwhichhestatedthathewishedtoforgivetheonender. [Before Henry Morgan, Esq., and the Rev. Thomas Stacey.] William, Hugh, pilot, was charged with having been drunk on the public streets at twelve o'clock on Tuesday night, and with having assaulted P.C. George Davies, whilst engaged in the exe- cution of his duty. 1'.C. Davies said he was on duty in Saint Mary-street at the hourand on the night above-named, upon which occasion he saw defendant fighting with a sailor. Davies interfered and endeavoured to separate them, upon which de- fendant seized him by the collar and attempted to trip him up. He was conveyed to the station-house by Davies and another. Cunvicted in the penalty of ten shillings 'and costs in default of payment to be imprisoned for seven days. Committed. Mr. Purton, landlord of the General Nott' beer-house, was charged with having infringed the terms of his license, by allowing parties to sit and drink in his house after the expira- tion of the hours named in the Act of Parliament. Admonished. Thomas Griffiths, a middle aged man, was charged with hav- ing assaulted his wife Jane Griffith on the night of Saturday last. Complainant stated that she was defendant's second wife. he having children by a former marriage, while she had also children by a former husband. Two years and a half ago, for various reasons, she left defendant." She had main- tained herself by her industry ever since. Finding herself rather unwell and unable to sustain the fatigue attending the life she was obliged to lead (we believe that of a washerwoman) and hearing that her husband was doing tolerably well, she returned on Saturday to Cardiff—proceeded to his house-was there assaulted by him, violently kicked and pushed out of doors. Defendant admitted that complainant was his wife, but said that she had erred so widely as for ever to render it a matter of im- possibility for him to live with her. He described at considera- ble length the various improprieties of her conduct, which it is unnecessary to refer to further here. It was ultimately agreed that he should give her the sum of thirty shillings, and that she should leave the town forthwith, never to trouble or annoy him again. Under the circumstances she could not expect better terms. as by her husband's statement (which she did not attempt to contradict.) her conduct had been most shameful. [We have received a communication from the Messrs. Scann, who appeared as complainants in a police case last week, in which they state that our report of the case contained several accura- cies, and also that we omitted many particulars. We perceive that the inaccuracies complained of refer to the statements of Mr. Mearns, with which we are in no way mixed up we have only to report faithfully what transpires, and our report, or summary, of the proceedings in question is strictly correct. The Messrs. Scann assert now, as they did before the magistrates, that Mr. Mearns behaved ill. The magistrates thought that the justice of the case would be met by an amicable arrangement—or at all events, by such an arrangement.as would render an appeal to courts of law unnecessary.]
MERTHYR AND NEIGHBOURHOOD. THE population of this town have increased one hun- dred per cent. since 1821 the tradesmen, particularly the grocers, have, within that short period, increased at least at the rate of 200 or even 300 per cent.; and if we include those who sell butter, cheese, and bacon, in our market, we are not far from the mark in stating the in- crease to be at the rate of 500 per cent. Consequently, the competition in trade is exceedingly great. The Calvinistic Methodists of this county held their monthly meeting, at Pontmorlais Chapel, on the 22d and 23rd Oct., when Messrs. B. Evans, E. Matthews, D. Roberts, D. Howell, E. Davies, and W. Evans, delivered highly instructive discourses to large and respectable congregations. ROBBERT.—A woman was robbed of twenty-five shil- lings, in our market, on Saturday. Another woman was taken upon suspicion of having committed the offence j but, after being searched, the money was not found upon her, and she was discharged. TEA PARTY.—One of the largest gatherings, to partake of the Chinese beverage, took place at the Tabernacle (Baptist) Chapel, on Monday. It is estimated that 2,500 persons were present. The profits are to be appropriated to the liquidation of the debt remaining on the chapel. EXPENSES OF A BENEFIT SOCIETY.-We are informed that not less than £ 500 has been paid by a club consisting of only 120 members, in "meat and drink," in twenty- seven years'. POOR'S RATE.—The late beneficial change in the iron trade has had the pleasing effect of reducing the poor's rate. If some thousands of Dr. Franklin's Poor Richard were printed and circulated—perused and acted upon, the poor's rate would be permanently very low in this town and neighbourhood. MERTHYR PETTY SESSIONS.—Monday, Oct. 27th.— Before T. W. Hill, Esq.—Sarah Davies, a Pontstorehouse Cellar inhabitant, was charged by Isaac Williams, raiiman, (a married man!) with robbing him of a silver watch, value j64, and 5s. üd. in money. It seems that com- plainant was returning home from the Lamb and Flag public-house, about 12 o'olock on Saturday night last, through Pontstorehouse, where he met defendant, who very humanely eased his pockets of their burdens. Complainant was rather drunk at the time, and he could not swear that defendant robbed him. Discharged for want of evidence. CYFARTHFA IRON WORKS.—The deputation from the colliers and miners of these extensive and well-regulated works waited upon the governor, Robert Thompson Crawshay, Esq., on Thursday week for an answer respect- ing their application for an advance of wages. The worthy gentlemen received them with his usual politeness and urbanity of manner, and informed them that owing to the immense orders contracted for at the former lowprice of iron, ihat no general advance could possibly take place now, but they would have a gift of five per cent. next month, and he would do all he could to get a general 'advance as soon as the large orders on hand would be completed, and the steadiness of the trade warrant it. However, a reduction of Id. per lb. in the price of pow- der would be granted them this month and had not the price of tallow advanced, they would also have a reduc- tion in the price of candles next month. The benevolent governor further said that if any of the workmen were in distress, he should be most happy to relieve them. Upon their requesting him to open stores for the sale of the principal provisions of life, he expressed his deep sympa- thy with them in the late advanced price of provisions and said that if the tradesmen were oppressing them, and not dealing fairly with them, he would endeavour to prevail with his father to have the chief articles of life kept for the workmen at prime cost. The deputation then departed, highly gratified with the kind reception given them by Mr. Crawshay.—Communicated. BRIDGEND PETTY SESSIONS.—[Held at the Town-hall, on Saturday, Oct. 25th, 1845, before Lord Viscount Adare, M.P.; Richard Franklen, William Llewellyn, and M. P. Traherne, Esqrs., and the Revs. Robert Knight and H. L. Blosse.] — EdwardMeazey, John David, Edward Lewis, and Morgan Thomas were severally charged by Edmund Corr, superintendent of police, with drunkenness; and were convicted each in the penalty of 5s. and 8s. 2d. costs. — David Jones was charged by Mr. Edmund Cyrr with riding on his waggon on the turnpike road. He pleaded guilty,, and was convicted in the penalty of 2s. 6d., and 8s. 2d. costs.—Thomas Evans, of Bridgend, draper, was charged by William Thomas, of the same place, shoemaker, with having stolen a pair of boots. He was committed to take his trial at the next Quarter Sessions for the county. NEATH PETTY SKSSIONS. —Before Howell Gwyn and Griffith Llewellyn, Esqrs.— William, Hill & John Davies, bankmen at Briton Ferry, were charged by P.C. Beed with having been drunk, &c., on the night of the 18th of October. Fined 5s. and costs each. Wm. Williams, landlord of the Dillwyn Arms beer-house, Pontardawe, was convicted in the penalty of 22s., including costs, for having kept his house open, for the sale of beer, on Sunday, the l?th October, at the hour of midnight. Solomon Davies, collier, Cwm Nedd, was charged by Elizabeth Davies with an assault. Defendant was ordered.to pay the costs. FATAL ACCIDENT—An inquest was held at the Cross Keys Inn, Skewen, near Neath, before A. Cuthbertson, Esq., coroner, on view of the body of Wm. Abraham, aged 35 years, who was accidentally killed while des- cending the engine pit of John Parsons, Esq. It appears that as deceased was descending the pit in the usual way, the rope which supported him, broke, and he, conse- quently, fell to the bottom—a depth of 96 yards. His death was instantaneous, his head beingliterally knocked to atoms. The jury returned a verdict in accordance with the evidence adduced. It is said that no blame can be imputed to the proprietor of the colliery, or his agents, as the rope was strong enough to bear a weight of three or even four tons; but it had been worn away, or corroded, at the point of contact with the iron chair," in which parties ascend and descend. That being so, why was not the injury perceived f Had a daily exam- ination of the rope been made, in order to ascertain its soundness, the injury probably would have been disco- vered, and this poor fellow would have escaped a violent death. FIRE.—On Thursday, the 83rd October, between the hours of 9 and 10 a.m., a fire broke out in a barn which was full of unthrashed wheat, the property of Mr. Wm. Tnomas, farmer, Lansamlet. The barn, a rick of wheat, a id the adjoining dwelling-house were totally destroyed. The origin of the fire has not been accounted for, but some vague rumours respecting "incendiarism" are current in the neighbourhood. A shopkeepet named Stephens, living in High-street, Swansea, picked up in the street a purse, containing fifty sovereigns, on Monday week. Information was imme- diately forwarded to the inspector of police, and the crier has been around the town announcing the fact, but strange to say, no owner appeared to claim the property. PENZANCE, OCT. 23.—The Brothers, from Swansea to Rouen, was in contact this morning with a schooner (name unknown) bound for Jersey from Bristol, and has put in here with loss of jib-boom, cutwater, &c. The schooner lost staunchions and fore-rigging, and had sails split, but proceeded. SWANSEA SAVING'S BANK.—Saturday, 25th Oct., 1845.— Deposits icceived, £ '280 12s. 2d,; Ditto, paid, £ 199 J8s.9d.: Notices to withdraw, £ 192 5s, 84.—Mattage1-, Air, William
PUBLIC MEETING AT SWANSEA. On Monday lasl, October '27th, a very ntlml't'ous mceting of the inhabitants ot Swan*a W?s held at the Town Hall, con. vrncd by public advertisement. Among thos assembled w the most wealthy and influential gentlemen of the town and m lghhoiirhood Alter some c inversdtion, in which the lea, in? gentlemen took part, Capt. Kuan Morgan proposed ilia- Mr. Aubrey do take the chair, which proposition was r-ccivci with marks of general satisfaction Mr. Aubrey wished, 0 dechnethe honour, as he had a proposition to offer; but after some observations from Or. Bird, he attended to th;- wishe* of the meeting; and stated the purpose for which they were convened, that it was to take into consider.tion the ex- •lerliencv of the in,mediate construction of floating docks in the port of Swansea; and if any gnntlemen had a proposition to move he would be happy to attend to it. Mr. L. IJc AThn n rose and tlm be. a, » rN)111- Mtionist, was not aware that any thin* II ad i,eeu prepared to hlld before the meeting, but wished to hoar what any gentionian had to offer. J Tir. Bird then rose and said, it mnst appear that in the pre- sent day there were going on thp mist i ,iportfnt even-: t'> ever occurred in the history of Swansea. There were r ,il roads to pass thrv,,h from diff.-rent parts of the kingdom. The South Wale; k,ulway had recently obtained a Hill several other railroads were projected, 8;ne of which would •er.mnare at Swansea, whilst other, would p,Ss through, or ver\ near to the 1 ovtn and the inhabiiants should be? pre- pared tolay hold of, and to improve the ad-amazes that must necessarily occur. Other p'aces whirl, have nothm- like the facilities that .Swansea possrs<e.s, had constructed' floating docks, and were now flourishing in consequence (Hear.) So that, unless the inhabitants of Swansea were alive to their own interests, they wo ild he left behind, and lose the tide of their opportune s. He introduced into his speech the quo- tation-" There is a tide in the affairs of men and strongly urued upon the attention of the meeting the necessity which at present existed for improving the harbour by tb.-construction of capacious floating docks. The question was cot where m how; but that it is lughlu desirable to construct floating docks somewhere in the port of Swansea the where, how, and by what means would follow (Cheers ) Or. Bird then h-eged to move the following proposition That, viewing the momentous changes which must neces- sarily occur f.om the introduction of the railway system into 'he> principality, by means of which the po.t of Swansea will hud her 1 acuities ot communication and traffic greatly aug- mented; and also duly considering the very advantageous and important position of Swansea, as a ship:,i„g port, both in the export and import of goods, it is, in the opinio., of this meet- ing, absolutely necessary that floating docks aud suitable wharfs he constructed, together with means of communication, and such other tacnuies as shall place the port and harbour of Swansea in a position adequate to the coming exigencies, aod enabie the inhabiian's to reap the full benefit of their increas- ing commercial prosperity, and more ready communication with all parts of the kingdom." This, after a very appropriate and energetic speech, was seconded by Captain E. Morgan, and passed unanimously. Mr. Vivian, M.P., being called upon for his opinion, rose and said- I a in always happy to offer my views on any sub- ject calculated to benefit the town of Swansea, and have ever considered that flouting docks on this side of the river would be of great benefit, as such accommodation would extend the trade of the place, and more especially would meet the great projects that are now goin-j on for communicating with the interior of the kingdom. (Hear.) We are in the midst of a great mineral district, which is another strong inducement to exertion, and we should, therefore, improve the advantages which we now possess. Lord Bute has 111 a princely manner taken«teps for commanding the trade on the eastern part of the county; and it would be wise also in us to be prepared, having so many facilities, much beyond what they have in the eastern parts to export our minerals 10 distant ports. (Cheers.) At the same time, I would not recommend anyone to embark his money in any scheme, except it met the approval of bis own judgment. (Cheers.) As for myself, I shall render any assistance in my power to carry out the present objects (Loud cheers.) MI. Rutter rose (as he said) not to object to anything already stated, but, if possible, to prevent the necessary expenses from being afterwards laid in the shape of an additional tax on those vessels that woula visit the port; for increase of port dues would tend to lessen rather than to increase the trade. Increased port charges had nearly been the ruin of Bristol, ai well us of several other places. Upon one occasion on passing through C8 Tli. iT, he observed only two vessels in the great docks, prepared at such extraordinary expense;- and it was considered to be the effect of heavy port charges, which he believed then amounted to about two shillings a ton. (Hear.) Mr. Christopher James replied that from his (Mr. James's) knowledge of Cardiff, Mr. Rutter must have been creativ mis- informed.—Mr. T. Edward Thouias, of Glanmor, also took the same view as Mr. James. Mr. J. Diliwy,, Llewelyn, of renHergare, rose and said that as a requisitjonisi he came forward t. declare that it was never contemplated to increase the chaiees of the port. (Hear.) They had not the least thought of speculating for profit, but merely for the advantage of the town. ( Hpar hear.) Mr. Joseph 1\1 arl iu considered this meeting to be one of the most important to Swansea that had ever been held. That nature had done more for Swansea than for any other port in the principality, Aidtord excepted, was incoIlfrovertibly true; but those natural advantages should be followed IIp and im- proved by judicious exertion. (Cheers.) In the present state 0/commercial alfdirs-whilst other harbours were bein" im proved to stand still would be to retrogade, aud therefore he conceived that those gentlemen who had been the means of calling this meeting were entitled to the warmest thanks of the inhabitants of Swansea. He admitted Mr. Gutter's observa- tion to be a very sensible one, which suggested the imprudence Of injuriously raising the harbour dues; but said that by a well-digested scheme that objection might be obviated. Mr Martin then took a view of the different railroads recently projected and strongly recommended the Welsh Midland Railway, which would enable them to communicate with Birmingham and the interior of the kingdom. He then ad- vised that a committee be forthwith formed, and that no time be lost for bringing about the object for which they were now assembled. He sugge ted also that the most ample and con- venient place for floating docks should be obtained by redeem- ing 'he vast space of ground between S.vansea. aud the Mumbles. Mr. C. James said there was a sort of committee already formed, chiefly from the requisitionists. He agreed also with Mr. Putter that trie dock dues should be as low as possible, Mr- L. L. Dillwyn then read the following names as the present cOl1.lmiu("e. Mr. Vivian, M.P.; Mr. Christoper James; Mr.L. Llewelyn Dillwyn, Mr. George Byng Morris; Captain livanMorgan and Mr. Charles Henry Smith. To which were added as the future committee Mr. Uichardson (Mayor) Mr. Joseph Martin; Mr. David Francis; Mr Itichard Aubrey; Mr. Hussey Vivian Mr. T. B. Essery; Dr. Bird; Mr. ;\1. John Michael; Mr. Thomas Walters and Mr. Henry Bath. Mr. Thomas Attwood. solicitor. was appointed secretary; to whose house Capt. K. Morgan requested the committee would adjourn immediately after the closing of the present meeting. Mr. T. Edward Thomas proposed that the thanks of the meeting be tendered to Mr. Aubiey,for the intelligent mariner in which he presided; which proposition was immediately carried by acclamation, after which the meeting separated. Could Mr. Rutter give us the date, as instead of "two vessels," he might n,?wat any time see nearer two hundred than two in our magnificent docks.
IIOXnOUTIlSHIRE. On Wednesday last, Edward Dowlitig, Esq., mayor of Newport, and editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin, was duly initiated into the mysteries of Odd Fellowship, in the lodge held at the Bush Inn. The brethren afterwards sat down to a splendid dinner provided for the occasion, and the evening was spent very comfortably. The much- respected member, R. J. Blewitt, Esq., was, we are told, initiated a few weeks ago in the lodge held at the Green House Inn, in the village of Uantarnum. Or. Monday last, the shoemakers of Newport and Pill- gwenlly struck for wages. They proceeded in a body to their respective masters houses, and after stating their grievances, gave three cheers and separated. The commissioners under the Income and Property Tax Act have been engaged several days during this week in hearing appeals at Messrs. Birch and Davies's office, Newport. We would wish to caution our readers living in or near to Newport, who may have gardens, to be on the look out. Mrs. Phillips, who resides near to the Machine, lost nearly a bushel of onions on Monday night last. A re- ward is offered for the apprehension of the offendeis. On Tuesday evening last, Mr. D. R. Stephen gave a lecture in the large room in the Town-hall, for the benefit of the Mechanics' Institute, on Thoughtfulness.' NEWPORT AND PONTYPOOL.—Working surveys are in progress, and the line is being set out, preparatory to letting contracts for works. It will be thirteen miles in length, with termini at Pontypool and Newport; and through the first-named town the railroad will occupy the site of a-canal, which will shortly be drained for that purpose. NEWPORT, ABERGAVENNY, AND HEREFORD RAILWAY, —A general meeting of the shareholders of the above company was held on Wednesday afternoon, at the offices, 65, Moorgate-street, for the purpose of considering the propriety of making certain branches or extensions of the main line of railway, and also for considering the most beneficial course to be adopted under the circum- stances of Parliament having conceded to the company of proprietors of the Monmouth Canal Navigation, powers for the making of a portion of the original line which lies between Newport and Pontypool, and of the Monmouth Railway Company having purchased, or agreed for the purchase of the same line of railway, together with other property of the company of proprietors of the Monmouth Canal Navigation and for considering the propriety of accepting the preference offered to this (the Newport, Abergavenny, and Hereford) company by the Monmouth Railway Company, in allotment of their shares, and in conferring on their committee powers to enter into general negociations and arrangements with the Monmouth Railway Company, and to carry out in the most beneficial manner the railway communication originally contemplated." Capt. Fitzmaurice presided; about a dozen shareholders only were in attendance. The Chairman having in a few observations opened the business of the day, the meeting unanimously resolved to support the project of the Monmouth Railway Company, and to use their best endeavours to promote it. The meeting also recommended that the shareholders should avail themselves of the offer of preference and resolved that it be an instruction to the committee to enter into all arrangements with the Monmouth Railway Company for facilitating the undertaking, and promoting as com- plete an intercourse between the respective lines, as if they had been one united concern, instead of separate undertakings. A vote of thanks was then voted to the Chairman, and the meeting broke up. NEWPORT TOWN HALL.—MONDAY.—[Present, the Mayor, Thomas Hawkius, and Thomas Hughes, Esqrs.] — Edward Anderson and William Brow", stewards ot the Hibernian Friendly Society, were charged with hav- ing illegally refused to pay three weeks' pay to John Hudson. Adjourned.—Wtlliam E. Joyce was charged with having refused to pay the sum of £ 5 being wages due to John Beynon, mariner. Adjourned. Evan Jones was charged with having assaulted John Thomas. Adjourned.—John Snailgrove Palmer was charged with having allowed beer to be drank upon hib premises, before the hour of one o clock on Sunday. Oc- tober 12th. Convicted in the penalty of twenty.five sbillinB" and costs.
BREmSHiRil BRECON INFIRMARY Oct. 27, 1845. ————- IN. OUT. Patients remaining last "Week 3 52 Admitted since 0 ] 1 3 65 Cured and Relieved 0 8 Dead o 1 Remaining 3 50 Physician for the ensuing week Dr. Lucas SurMon.&c. Mr. North. iiRECON MAKKET, OCT. 23.-Wheat, 8s. to Ss. 6<1. barley, 4s. (id. to 5s.; oats, 2". (;d. to 3s. 4d.; malt, S?. 6d. to 9s.-per bushel. Beef, fid. to 7J. mutton, 6d. to 7d.; veal,.Cd. to 7d. pork, 61. to fid. butter, It. to to Is. 2d. salt butter, ll|d. (per tub)—per lb. s>kiin caeese, 4d. to 5|d. per lb. Geese, 2s. 6d. to 4s. 0d.; ducks, Is. 6d. to 2s. 3d. fowls, Is. to Is. 6d.—each. Potatoes, 1s. to Is. 4d. per peck. IMPORTANT MEETING OF THE BRECKNOCK, AND AnER- GAYENNl CANAL COMPANY.—-A special general meeting of the above company, convened hv fire metnbers of the committee, was held at the Shire' Hall, in the town of Brecen, on Friday last, to consider of the propriety avid deciding on sellinz the canal to the Welsh Midland com- pany. The meeting was numerously attended bv most of the leading gentlemen connected with the cam!, among whom we noticed Jos. Bailey, Esq., M.P. (chair- man), Penry Williams, Esq. (Lord-Lieutenant of the comity) Ii. Jones, Esq. (chairman of the Quarter Ses- sions); P. Lloyd, Esq., of Dinas, and others from the adjoining counties of Glamorgan and Monmouth, The list of the shareholders having been called over by the cletk, the chairman, in a most lucid manner, detailed the arrangement made by the committee with the Welsh Midland Company, subject to the approval of this meet- ing; which arrangement, it appeared, was based on 25 years' purchase of the average dividend of the last 10 years and the payment of all the debts and liabilities of the Canal Company and a deposit of 10 per cent. P. Lloyd, Esq., after some preliminary remarks on the im- portance of the meeting and the regret he should feel in parting with a concern with which he had been so long associated, and with many of the gentlemen he was now addressing, stated that although our ancestors thought water the best mode of conveyance, the present genera- tion was decidedly in favour of railroads. Moved, That the arrangement made by the committee with the Welsh Midland Company, for the sale of the canal for £ 182,500 be confirmed, subject to the Welsh Midland Company obtaining an Act during the three next Sessions of Par- liament. P. Powell, Esq., seconded the resolution. The seal of the company, by the order of the meeting, having been attached to the agreement, the Lord-Lieu- tenant moved the best thanks of the meeting be given to the committee, for their great and successful exertions in making the arrangement which has just been sanctioned. Col. Pearce afterwards moved the especial thanks of the meeting to their chairman, J. Bailey, Esq., which proposition was carried with loud cheers.
TAFF VALE RAILWAY. To the Editor of the Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian. SIR,-l beiz to call your attention to the very great incon- venience resulting to the public from the recent alteration in the dispatch of passenger trains on the Taff Vale Railway. According to the time-table which came into operation on the 20th inst., only two Trains leave Cardiff and Merthyr on each day, so that an inhabitant of this town. for instance, having an hour's business at Newbridge, must leave Cardiff at halt-past 8 in the morning, and is unsble to get home before 20 minutes to 6 in the evening. It is possible the railway functionaries may allege that the pas-*e;iger traffic in the winter months is insufficient to warrant the dispatch of a middle-day train, and they may appeal for confirmation of their views to the reduced numbers who travel by their two-a-day trains. No doubt the season has a certain influence but, I believe, the falling off is mainly owing to the diminished facilities aifordtd to the public, and to the greatly increased expenditure of time imposed on thisc who travel on the lino. The importance of the places connected with this railway is rapidly increasing, and the mutual intercourse of their inha- bitants appears to increase in all equal or even greater propor- tion. At the time when this inconvenient interruption was car- ried into effect, the passenger traffic wa* in full activity-the receipts for the weekending October t I tlr being £ 206 3s. 6J. I am not without hope that the directors, or whoever may have the arrangement of such matters, mav ro-consider the step that has been taken. They will, it is to be hoped, bear in mind that having* deprived the public, by their road, of every other mode of common conveyance, they ought not to diminish the facilities of transit without a more urgent neces- sity than can be supposed to exist in the circumstances of the pr sent case. 1 am. Sir, your obedient Servant, Cardiff, Oct. 22, 1845. AN OCCASIONAL TASSENGER. -410 To the Rdi/m of the Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian. Sir,—In the very hasty and carelessly drawn sketch of the charge delivered by the Bishop of Llandaff in his late Visitation, which I saw in your publication of Saturday last, there is a very grave error which must not be allowe,l to deceive the public mind. In recommending the clergy to restore to its legitimate place in the Church Services, one of the most beautiful Prayers in our Liturgy—the Prayer for the Church Militant-his Lordship is made to say, that objections to the service being lengthened by the use of it, mi;;ht be done away with by abridging other portions of the serviceThat such was either the Bishop's language or his meaning, it is of great importance at once to deny. His Lordship said that if objections were made to this prayer from its lengthening the service, they might be con- ciliated by abridging THE SERMO.V -not other portions of the service—an admonition. 1 need hardly say, how seasonable, at the present time, when some are to be found, who scruple not to indulge the itching ears of human nature by saeriflcing the solemnity of a public service of devotion, to a taste for the ex- citement and novelty of sermon preaching. The Bishop in ex- press terms in this, as in his charge three years ago, denounced those who presume, of their own device, to mutilate in any way the regular appointed services, which the sanction of the Church for so many ages has rendered sacred and which are also set- tled by the law of the land. There are also some other errors which it is as well to notice, as I am upon the subject; but being more obviously errors of your sketcher, it is not of consequence to do more than remark them; such as the sentence- who had CONVERTED a delin- qnent of Heresy, but who drew back from punishing the CON- YBRTED Heretic and further on-" Scripture gave a hint that all the world was to be governed by one Bishop." His Lord- ship said, Scripture gives NO hiut." Really, Sir, it is deplorable that, at the present time, when every word which falls from the Bishops of the Church, is eagerly caught up and quoted as authority, such manifest con- tradictions of their actual meaning, are to acquire publicity through the medium of a public journal, and have an influence on many minds who will not care to examine into the truth of their impressions, and thus be disabused by the perusal of the published charge itself. I am, Sir, your obedient humble <>-v:Hit, October 2lst, 1845. K. [The "carelessly drawn sketch was copied by us irom the columns of a contemporary. ED.] CORONERS' INQUESTS. To the Editor of the Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian. SIR,-l perceive by your last week's repjrt of our comply business, that a discussion arose out of the circumstance of one of our coroners having made a charge for holding ianuests on the bodies of the twenty-eight unfortunate men, who wt-re killed by the late explosion at the DuJfryn Colliery, Aberdare, while it appeared that but one jury was sworn. and only one inquest held, one verdict sufficing for all. The coroner having stated how his intention had been set aside, with regard to the mode of conducting the proceedings, very properly referred the question of payment to the magistrates, who, after some discus- sion, decided that Mr. Da vies should be paid for four inquests, and be allowed the mileage on each [of those four 1 nresumel. All the bodies were viewed, but then only one jury was sworn and the inquiry went no further than as regarded the death of one of the men (Howell David). The inquest lasted two days, and the full discharge of the arduous and tedious duties of the coroner and jury is admitted on all hands. If the law says that (under the frequently-occurring circumstance of many lives being sacrificed by the same cause) one inquest alone is suffi- cient, then the coroner in this case should not have been paid for four, or for any other number more than one but if the law does not say so, but allows, or does not prevent, a separate charge for each case, then the coroner should have been paid for the whole of the twenty-eight cases named. Compromises are viewed with jealousy and suspicion. If the law is lax, let us petition to render it more stringent, or, if otherwise, let the coroner have fair play. Will any of our county magistrates, then present, let the public know, through your journal, the grounds of their decision ? The honesty of their decision is not for a moment doubted, but, in the name of common sense, let us have a clear understanding as to the extent of our liabilities. We don't object to pay, but we do want to knjw for how much we ought to pay. Yours obedicntl),, Aberdare, Oct. 37, 1815. A RATE PAYER. To the Editor nftltø Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian. SIR,-Having noticed the observations in your last journal in reference to the high prices obtained for, and the choice selec- tion of, the stock ottered, at Fairwater, for fair competition, I hope you will pardon my saying, that two circumstances, then held in general estimation, appear to have escaped your recollection. First, the extreme courtesy, liberality, and attention of the worthy proprietor and his family shown to the numerous visitors (among whom were gentlemen of high distinction), for whose necessary comfort, all elegant and substantial repast was bountifully provided. And secondly, the very business- like manner in which the auctioneer (Mr. Sawyer of Cardiff) conducted the sale, whose exertions and ability were called into action on this occasion, aud which have, as the result has shown, proved pre-eminently successful. A VISITOR.
BIRTHS. Oct. 22, at St. Quintin's, near Cowbridge, the lady of Janes Lewis, Esq., M.D., of a soil. I Oct. 17, at Denvill Hilt, near Chepstow (the residence of her father, Rear-Admiral C. Gordon, C.B.), the wife of the Rev. J. H. Scudamore Burr, of a son. Oct. 20, at Cwmcelvn and Blaina Iron W orks, Monmouth- shire, the lady of Elias James, Esq., of a son. Oct. 20, at Corwen, North Wales, the Hon. Mrs. Ward, of a daughter. Oct. 24, at Cantreff Rectory, the lady of the Rev. T. J. I>oweH, of a daughter. Oct. 28, at the Parsonage, FJymstock, tbe wife of the Rev. E. F. Cope, of a daughter. Oct. 27, in Clarges-street, the Lady Augustus Fitz Cl irence, of a daughter.. MARRIAGES. Oct. 23, at Ashcott, by the liev. Charles Harbin, M.A., Lieut.-Col. Gervas lowell TurberviU, of Llanblethian, Gla- morganshire, late of her Majesty's 12th Regiment of Foot, to Sarah Anne, youngest daughter of the late George Warry, Esq., of Shapwick, Somersetshire. Oct. 28, at St. Mary's Church, [Swansea, by the Rev. Robert p,ir. u^burj", vicar, Mr. John Williams James, sou of ns op er James, Esq., to Mary Ann, daughter of David Francis, Esq. all 0f Swansea. 01-t. at the English Baptist Chapel, Newport, by Mr. D. JS Stephen, Mr. William Jenkins, eldest son of Mr. John Jenkins, to Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Richard Mullock, all of Newport. DEATHS. Oct. 25, at Cardiff, after a long and protracted illness, borne with exemplary fortitude and Christian resignation, Mrs. Sarah Griffiths, in the 34th year of her age. Oct. 25, in Cardiff, Mr. John Llewelljn, aged 74 years. Oct. 26, in Portman-square, London, the Lady Strafl'ord, wife of Gcaeral Lwl Straffwl, G.C.B.
true, are general, as are the words throughout the act; but then these general words only apply to the non- paiUatnentary joint-stock companies, unless those which do require parliamentary authority are specilically men- tioned, which is not the case in this section. In section 2 is the following exception, which we have already found occasion to quote :—" Provided neverthe- less. that except as hereafter specially provided, this act "ball not extend to any company for executing any "ridge, road, cut, canal, reservoir, aqueduct, water-work, navigation, tunnel, archway, railway, pier, port, harbour, ferr.V, or dock, which cannot be cairried into execution Without obtaining the authority of parliament." What the Attorney-General and his legal confreres can have been about not to notice this exception we cannot imagine. We have given our readers an opportunity cf judging for themselves; and we pledge ourselves against all the legal opinions which We have quoted, that should the question ever come before the tribunals it will be falllld that there is nothing in the Joint-Stock Companies At.U which can in the slightest degree affect the present Tnode of sale and transfer of railway shares. It is clear that most of our contemporaries who have pronounced so authoritatively have never taken the trouble of reading thp. act for themselves. — British and Foreign Railway Review* ———— RAILWAY DEPOSITS.—Of the mode in which the rail- way deposits are managed, we borrow a rather amusing Ascription from the Railway Chronicle:—" Let us take single shareholder's deposit as a specimen of all. Mr. titmouse is a grocer in the town of CardiiF, and an account with the respectable bankers, the Messrs. Towgood and Co., of the Old Bank. He has ^■500 as a disposable balance in the bank books at his aC;:oullt. He applies for 25 J shares of a Welsh railway, ^hose lor\al bankers also happen to be the same Old of Cardiff". In paying his money, Mr. Titmouse Merely orders it to be transferred from his own credit in the ledger of the bank to the credit of the Welsh railway c°uipany. So far the in ;ney and Messrs. Towgood and stand just as they did before the transaction. But the time for pavment to the accountant-general arrives — Avhat then! Why, this—Messrs. Towgood, of Cardiff, ^'rite to their agents in London, Messrs. Rogers & Co.. to debit them with this £ 5(10, and a number of other similar suras, which is accordingly done. Messrs. Rogers and Co. go to the Bank of England, and, by cbeque or otherwise, get the amount placed to their with the Bank of England and having thus virtually paid the money, they, at the same instant, borrow °f the Bank of England an equal amount. Thus, a cou- ple of entries in the books of the Bank of England—one to the credit of the Accountant-General with the Bank of England, and another to the debit of Messrs. Rogers a"d Co., settles that transaction. Messrs. Rogers & Co., having borrowed the said amountofthe Bank of England, Place it to the account of Messrs. Towgood and Co., of f'e Cardiff Bank, whose books once more show the same *n on both sides of the account, and so the cash in ^iessrs. Towgocd's coffers aud the balance in Messrs. *IJH'irood's accounts remain all exactly as they were at "'urtiijw. There remains a question of interest of money to he adjusted between all the parties, but there the mat- ter rests. Where is the crisis 1— where the embarrass- ment '?—unless, perhaps, to Mr. Titmouse, who has with- (''awn more from his business in the grocery line than IlIay bs quite convenient. Of course, all the Mr. Tit- lnouses amount to a large number, and the sum of all jbeir individual embarrassments, in their own private business, arising from excessive speculation, may be in i.oto a great evil but it is far from causing either general ^"anci.il derangement, or grave national embarrassment. So far, therefore, as the deposits are concerned, every twiner WJH remain just as it was, that is, as far as share- aiders or companies are concerned, who have really paid theil' deposits. Those companies who have to borrow jbein at the last moment may have some trouble, and bave to pay for it; but the great financial crisis is a 'iiuey." Upon this the Times remarks:—This is s°"iething like the Indian fable of the creation of the k ^V'orld. The globe rests first on an elephant, then on"a '(>rtoise but when asked what the last rests on, there is no reply. There will be effort enough in the first stage the proceeding described, and many a tradesman will J'^ve to leave his Christmas bills unpaid to enable him to b°hl on by his first deposit, while waiting for the impos- sible premium his heated imagination is exercised upon. ut a payment of £ 500 is a virtual obligation, in such a case as this, to pay £5,000, if not by the first depositor, by B°raie one else who is willing to adopt his dream ofpront. .All the arguments e\eu of the most sober in railway ^ithusiasm (no mania, of course) totally lose sight of the 1i\ct that the deposit' is only the first stage, and that it plates an obligation somewhere either to pay the remain- >no instalments, or the whole vanishes. Whether the rail- way deposits will bring on a general convulsion in the friouey market, will depend, as we have 3hown, upon their actual amounts, with respect to which there is not :tt present au atom of genuine information before the Public-.»