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- (Seneca ^sttucdlani).


(Seneca ^sttucdlani). •^be expenses of the League, in the receat registration l'foceedings, are said to exceed, for Lancashire alone, the IIlIt\] /If £2;).000. ) We see by the Trish papers that many of the Irish aldlords, in consideration of the extensive failure of the potato crop, have come to the humane determination of lowering their rents. U-ULWAY DiitECTOits. —A correspondent of the Times gives a list of four gentlemen, one of whom is a director 23 companies advertised in two days, another of 22, a'iother of 21, and another of 20. One hundred shares J?1 each would be — No. 1, £ 57,000 No. 2, £ 55,000 3, £ 52,000; No. 4, £ 50,000. IJUOKEHS' CHARGES.—The following are the rates of C0|nmission charged by London brokers for buying ànd 8eUing shares, with rules of conduct generally observed in •^are transactions :—Shares under £5 value, Is. per share, of £ 5 and under £ 20 value, 2s. 6d. per share; ditto £ 20 and under £ 5J value, 5s. per share ditto of £ 50 and upwards, 10s per cent. on the cost of the shares. BRUSSELS, Oct. 23rd.—The agricultural commission ap- pointed by Government to examine the questions relating to the potato malady, have just presented their second '"port, in which they urge the necessity of providing in ttllle for the next year's produce hy reserving a sufficient H«antity of the sound potatoes for planting. They refer tit the example set in a high quarter, and followed by tltany rich families, who have given orders that no more l^tatoes shall be purchased for their households, and Point oat the advantages which would result from a kind j^eneral resolution to refrain from the use of that vege- HEATON PARK.—The purchase of the mansion and Park of the Earl of Wilton, we understand, has been Completed by one of the four rival railway companies Projected between Manchester and Bury, a distance of *lght or nine miles. The noble owner is to receive, it is stated, the sum of JE500,000 for this property. The Park, which is about three miles north of Manchester, is, understand, to be laid out in sites for villas.—Man- chester Guardian. POMPEII.—A correspondent at Naples writes on the J?th of October:—"In the morning of Thursday last '*ad inst.) the Scientific Congress, with its president, tbe Minister of State, Sant Angelo, went to Pompeii, ^here excavations were made under the directions of M. ^arlo Bomicci, chief conservator of the antiquities of :the kingdom. In a street near the temple of' Augustus ^vere found two shops filled with iron and brass kitchen ^ensils, apparently set out for sals. Opposite these faopg Was uncovered a magazine containing blocks of indigenous and African marble, and five statues of white Jlnlhrbrle, one of which-is a faun, and another of a woman Plotted in drapery, which the antiquarians present be- lieved to represent the Goddess of Envy. At one end of the Yi« Fortuna a house was cleared, on the ground floor of which was the furniture of a counting-house, or ofl1.ce, in wiiich were some silver coins of Vespasian and Glilba, and .some marble weights. All the heights arouud Pompeii were covered with people, and most of the streets and squares so filled that the old Roman city s6emed to have recovered its quondam population in full "^e and vigour." WRECK OF THE MARGARET, HULL STEAMER—NINE- ■'SEN LIVBS LOST.—By the General Steam Navigation Company's steam-ship Neptune, Captain Whittingham, ^hich arrived at Blackwall Wednesday afternoon from Hamburgh, intelligence was received in the city respect- ling the loss of one of the Hull and-Hamburgh steamers, Called the. Margaret, commanded by Captain Rawlinson, Accompanied by an awful loss of life. From the few particulars that have been brought over, it appears that during the whole of last week the northern coasts were Visited by a fearful storm, and the destruction among the Coasting traders and of human life is stated to be great. 1rbe Margaret steamer left Hamburgh for Hull on the instant, with passengers and a full cargo. By the time tihe had arrived off Cuxhaven, near the mouth of the Etbe, a breeze had sprung up from the N.W., but the captain proceeded. Nothing further was heard of her until Sunday morning last, when, just as the Neptune was about to start from Hamburgh, let- ters by the mail from Norden were received, an- nouncing that the Margaret had been wrecked ^ear Heligoland, and that sixteen of the passengers aftd three of the crew had perished. It is supposed that '3he was driven on a sand, called the Memmath, at the '^astern entrance of the river Memm. According to the Accounts she struck before day-break on the morning of tthe 22nd, consequently she must have been encountering }the gale three days. It appears that the moment she took !'he shoal the sea swept several persons overboard. At- tempts were made to reach the shore by the long boat, Wt it capsized, and every soul in it met with a watery grave- Those who remained on board the vessel, after being exposed to severe privation for a number of hours, were saved. The steamer, however, became a complete tyreck, and as the tide receded considerable quantities of the cargo were got out of her hold. The Fj'wrfsteamer, Capt. Agars, which reached London Bridge Wednesday evening, from Hull, reports that when she left the Humber fears were entertained, from the length of time the Margaret was over due, that some accident had happened to her. The Magaretvras the property of Mr. Pinner, of Hull, by whom she was built some years ago. She was about 250 tons burthen, rigged as three-mast schooner, and was worked by a screw propeller, being the first vessel of 1the description that has been engaged in the passenger 'traffic from that port. Within a few miles of the spot "vhere the Magaret was lost a ship foundered about the ^arne time, and every soul belonging to her was drowned. Another vessel, belonging to St. Petersburgh, named the fovhala, was lost on the previous day, on the same sands, ^nd the Captain and one rf f.h« crew perished. In ad- dition to these disasters, tlx 'mburgh Mail announces tbe loss of no fewer than tyiui v^siels on the Dutch coast during tbe gtetm. TUE GAMJo: LAMS.—At the Tring Agricultural Associa- tion meeting, on Tuesday, Mr. Hougbton, the Vice- President of the Society. thus expressed himself:—" I stand here as one of the largest occupiers of land in the kingdom. It is not only unfair, hut absolutely dishonest, for a landlord to take rent for a farm and then to stock it with game. (Cheers.) I have stated thisbeforeacom- niittee of the House of Commons, and will avow it on all occasions. It is dishonest of landlords to stock farms with vermin. Plenty of game might do for the landlords, but it would not do for him. If the aristocracy needed battues,' let them keep their game in a room, and shoot at it through the key-hole." We understand that Mr. Houghton farms nearly 4,000 acres of land.—John Bull. IN TIME OF PEACE PREPARE FOR WAR. — We learn from the Kingston (Canada) Chronicle that warlike pre- parations on a large scale IFe being made at that point. The front of the splendid town, hall, says the Chronicle, is to he laid open to the lake by the pulling down of M essrs. M'Pherson and Crane's store-houses and the erection of a heavy battery. The shoal in front is to be secured by a large tower, which will be of great utility in a naval point of view, as a mark for the harbour. It is also proposed to erect a large tower at Stuart's Point, and strengthen the works at Fort Henry. The last steamer from England brought advices that it was con- templated to send out a large additional military force to Canada, ami aho that the construction of seventeen war steamers was to be undertaken forthwith. In noticing these pregnant movements, the Buj'a'o Commercial Advertiser very properly says —"At every point Eng- land seems to be strengthening har means of offence and defence, and there is much reason to believe that at no time, within the last quarter of a century, have our rela- tions with that power been in a more delicate, if not critical, situation. What is our government doing? Denuding many of the most important points on the frontier and the seaboard of nearly all their effective defensive force, and without the authority and scarcely the colour of law transferring this force to Texas, a foreign country by our laws. Why is Buffalo, one of the most important points on the whole frontier, without any troops, while several companies are still kept at Platfsburgh, Sackett's Harbour, Oswego, Detroit, and Fort Gratiot?"—New York Courier and Enquirer. RAILWAY PROJECTS CRITICISED.—In the Railway Critic the shareholding and seeking public have, at last, that safe and sure guide in their investments, which, among the crude and crowded contents of most railway papers, they would look for in vain, simply because no other paper has ever yet thought (amidst the hurry in which they have been "got up," to catch the tide of spe- culation as it rushed along) of instituting a stern searching criticism ou all railway plans, unsparingly and unshrink- ingly denouncing every unworthy scheme, while doing justice to such as are of a stable aud steady character, and have a fair and probable prospect of success; distinguishing in fact, ihe different pioportionate classes, according to their degrees of merit or demerit; of soundness or of insta- bitity and enabling those who wish to invest, to avoid the unsafe and discover the safe. It is impossible to overrate the value of such an impartial unbiased adviser, such searching, scrutinizing examiner, whose very object and design it is to discover and expose imposture. Piiws IN CHURCHES.—The Bishop of Norwich lately delivered a sermon at the parish Church of St. Peter of ancioft, Norwich, which contained some excellent VIews, and which were urged with great ability, upon a subject of deep importance to our national "well-being as a Christian state. The Right Rev. Prelate commenced by giving a slight sketch (the occasion did not allow of a more elaborate statement) of the ancient modes of con- ducting public worship, from the earliest times. The traces are but few of the customs observed in the Jewish synagogue, before the Christian era, but what little is known is utterly opnosed to the supposition that the accommodation for those who attended public worship was in any way limited to a chosen and selected number. Proceeding from the Jewish times to the habits of the early Christians, we find nothing to justify the system of exclusiveness. On the contrary, we are told that the early Christians had all things in common. Nor as we advance to a later period, do we find anything which gives countenance to the practice. If we look at the plan and arrangements of our most ancient religious edifices, we see accommodation provided for the public in general, without any other distinction than certain private Chapels annexed to the Churches, in which, built and endowed as most, if not all of them were by private individuals, at their own sole expense, prescriptive rights were allowed, and private seats for the accommodation of their founders and their families were acknowledged. It was not till after the reformation (although the earliest encroachments on public rights by private influence and interference may be detected about the middle of the century immediately preceding it), when on the dissolu- tion and spoliation of ecclesiastical possessions, lands, long held for other purposes, became the property of private individuals and parishes, and religious edifices came into the hands of the laity, that the evil spread itself over the length and breadth of the land, and soon became so identified with our habits, that all recollection of its original and monstrous injustice was well nigh lost. "So accustomed indeed (observes the Right Reverend Prelate) are we, in these our days, to look upon the system of pews as a right and possession, to which the wealthier may lay claim, that it is difficult to raise the veil from eyes accustomed from infancy to contemplate them under these aspects; and consider them as pri- vileges annexed to certain classes, with which others have no right to interfere. But there is an illustration, an argument feady at hand, which has always appeared to me strong and unanswerable, one which I have often heard put, but never answered. It is this :-Supposing that till thisour day, in these our times, our churches -built (as they were) for the benefit of the many, and not for the few, for public and not merely private accornmodation- had remained open for all, as originally intended: when, to the surprise of every body, at some general meeting fa vestry for instance), one or two or more in- dividuals in the parish, had insisted on their right to take possession of so much of this public property for their own sole and particular and exclusive use, that they had boarded off in the best and most commanding position in the Church for their private occupation and conve- nience, so many square feet, and claimed them as their own, what would the other persons equally interested in the use of the sacred fabric say 1 What would the other members of that vestry think, at such an unheard of attack on public lights, and public property1? There can be but one reply; common sense, common justice, every feeling of equity and religion would be roused into op- position to such an unprecedented proposal. And were such a proposal now, I repeat, for the first time made, in favour of a system to which custom hasfamiharisedus; the proposer, there can be no doubt, would meet with gene- ral and just resistance from ninety-nine out of the hundred who witnessed his proceeding." We should observe that the sermon we are noticing was preached at the request of many of the parishioners of St. Peter of Mancroft, who are desirous of removing the pews from that Church, several influential pew-holders having willingly surrendered their's for the purpose of carrying out the principle. His Lordship also mentions that in a considerable number of Churches in his diocese the ex- periment had been tried with more than anticipated success." SERIOUS CHARGE OF MUTINY, AND ATTEMPT TO SINK A BRITISH SHIP, BY THE CREW. Liverpool, Tuesday Afternoon. —The royal mail steamer Cambria, which ar- rived here last night from Halifax and Boston, with the North American mails, brought seven seamen in irons, part of the crew of the British barque Champlain, be- longing to Cork, who had been given up hy the United States authorities, under the treaty »vitli that country, for examination in England upon a charge of aggravated mu- tiny, and of attempting to bink the vessel they were navi- Satiog. On the arrival of the steamer, the prisoners were given in to the charge of Capt. Bevis, R.N., who forthwith handed them over to the civil authorities; and at twelve o'clock to-day the charges against them were investigated before Mr. Rushton, the stipendiary magistrate. The names of the prisoners are Thomas Sheazd. John Cockle- ston, Hermann Hinker, Henry Matthews, Thomas Boyle, Job M'Cann, and Henry Willman Matthews. The depositions taken before the British Consul for the State of Maine, and the authorities of the United States, were produced. They were most voluminous, but only one witness was examined to-day, namely, the steward. James Kidney, the steward, said, I shipped ou hoard the barque Champlain, of Cork, at St. Johu's, New Bruns- wick, some time in August last. The prisoners were shipped at tbe same time. J. D. Penton was the master of the ship. Shortly after we sailed, the crew became discontented and after we had been out fire or six days, all the prisoners came aft, and said, that as the ship was making too much water, they would not stay with her. She was leaky, they said. Hincker was at the wheel. The Captain asked them to pump the ship, bnt they all went forward and refused to work. They next went below. Hincker immediately left the wheel and went with them, and the wheel bad to be taken by the carpenter. Boyle told me I was no man if I refused to knock off' like the rest. I refused to knock off.' A gale of wind began to blow the same afternoon, and the crew were asked to come on deck to their duty, but all of them refused. The captain, the mate, and myself went aloft, leaving the carpenter at the wheel. I heard the mate ask them to come ouce or twice, and they gave him no answer. I do not know how much water there was in the hold at this time."—One of the prisoners, Boyle, asked the witness whether there was not four and hall feet water in the hold on the Saturday before this gale 1 He replied be did not know.—This was all the evidence at present. The cap- tain, the mate, and the carpenter took their departure be- fore the steamer in a sailing vessel bound for Cork, S: they are shortly expected to arrive there. On the applicat,on of the prosecution, the prisoners, none of whom said any- thing, were remanded to the borough g«ol until these per- sons arrive. We have made inquiries into the history of this case, and we hear that the testimony of the absent witnesses will, in all probability, disclose most abominable and wicked conduct on the part of the crew. Fron) what we hear, the history is this. A few days after the prison- ers had shipped with Captain Penton, there arose a scarcity of seamen in St. John's, and wages advanced considerably. They could not persuade the captain to re- lease them from the terms of their articles, and thereupon, it is said, on good evidence, that they conspired to compel him to put them ashore after they had been a few days at sea. The first mutinous symptom was shown by the prisoners commanding one of their body, Hincker, to put the ship about and steer a course quite opposite to- that directed by the captain. The capt«in, how ever, succeeded in causing the vessel to keep the right course, and then it was suddenly discovered that the vessel was making Water. On this, the prisoners in a body refused to work. It is said an augur was found upon one of them, and that with this augur they kept continually boring holes, until at one time there waa eight and a half feet water in tbe hold. Being in danger, the prisoners just pumped suffi- ciently to keep the ship afloat, and then they knoclied off." This comluct was repeated for several days. At last a brig hove in sight. The captain immediately hoisted signals of distress, which were fortunately observed, and boats sent to the relief of the Champlain. The two cap- tains communicated, and the result was that the seven prisoners, after a long struggle, were placed in irons, and conveyed to the first port, which happened to be on the coast of Maine. This outline we are assured is strictly correct. The details, we are also assured, will show most --courageous conduct on the part of the captain, and the officers of the ship who remained faithful to their duty.









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