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Glamorganshire Quarter Sessions.


Glamorganshire Quarter Sessions. =[T'e following report was intended for our last number, and was actually in type, but an unexpected pressure upon our advertising columns at a very late hour, compelled us to otmt it, together with a variety of other interesting matter:]- THE GENERAL QUARTER SESSIONS for this county com- menced at the Town-hall, Swansea, on Monday last, the 13th instant. before the following bench of magistrates:— HENRY THOMAS, Esq., Deputy Chairman of the Quarter Sessions, in the chair. Viscount Adare, MP- Capt. Robert Lindsay John Henry Vivian, Esq., J. D. Llewelyn, Esq. M.I'. Griffith Llewellyn, Esq. Starling Benson, Esq. Henry Lucas, Esq. Rev. John Collins William Martin, Esq. Frederick Fredricks, Esq. Capt. Evan Morgan John Grove, Esq. T. Edw. Thomas, Esq. Howell Gwyn, Esq. Iltid Thomas, Esq. Christopher James, Esq. R. T. Turberrilt, Esq. R. O. Jones, Esn. t N. V. E. Vauirhan, Esq. EAGLES' BUSH COLLIERY. Mr. Dalton said, that at the last sessions the magis- trates received information that several explosions had taken place at Eagles' Bush Colliery, and had conse- quently directed that the Secretary of State should have his attention drawn to the circumstance. The matter had been duly reported to the Secretary of State, who had replied, that the letter was sent to the Commissioners of Woods and Works." FINANCE COMMITTEE'S REPORT. Mr. Dalton then read the following report of the Finance Committee:- At a meeting of the Finance Committee, held at Pyle Inn, on Thursday, the 9th of October, I 845.-Present. Sir George Tyler (in the chair), L. LI. Dillwyn, Esq., R. O. Jones, Esq., and Rowland Fothergill, Esq. The committee have examined the several bills relating to the expenditure of the last quarter, amounting to JE808 18s. 10d., and subject to the remarks made by them on the expenses at the coroners' inquests, they recom- mend the same to be paid. "The expenditure of the several prisons during the last quarter were, at the Gaol, £301 Os. lid- and at the House of Correction, A;1147 4s. Id. Your committee would wish that the accounts of each prison should be made in a similar manner, as well with regard to the mode of entering the several charges in the Petty Dis- bursement Account, as to the keeping the Schedules of Bills, to be submitted to them on separate and distinct sheets of paper and that the salaries of the governor and matron being always alike, should not appear among the petty disbursements of either prison. Your committee have considered the Report by the Visiting Justices of the Gaol at Cardiff, in which they recommend a substitution of wrought-iron for cast-iron rails in the divisions between the yards, and the erection of cast-iron pumps, instead of those now in use, which are much out of repair; but as the visiting justices have not sent any specification of such works, or any estimate of the probable expense to be incurred, your committee would recommend that the matters be referred back to them, that they may more fully consider thereof, and report thereon against the next sessions. With reference to the Coroners' Bills, your committee regret to notice the constant increase in the number of inquests, and in the expenses necessarily attendant; and would draw the attention of the Court to a bill delivered by Mr. Davies, for holding inquests on the sufferers by a colliery explosion at Aberdare in the last summer, by which twenty-eight persons were killed, on each of whom a separate inquest was held, the charges for the same amounting to £38 15s. lid., independent of X6 16s. ex- penses paid. It further appeared that only one jury was summoned for the whole. Your committee, there- fore, cannot satisfactorily to themselves decide whether all such inquests were necessarily and duly held. "Your committee find that to meet the probable expen- diture of the ensuing quarter, including the expense of prosecutions at the Spring Assize, a rate of Id., pro- ducing JEI691 will be required. Your committee report that since the last sessions, the erection of a justice room at Merthyr has been contracted for at an expense of f547 9s. 6d. A lantern roof has since been added at the request of the justices and your committee, acting on the report of the county surveyor, recommend an advance of JE350 to be made to the con- tractor. The total expenses attendant on the Stipendiary Justice's office, including salaries now payable, are jE710 8s. 5d. and your committee find it will be necessary to raise a rate of JE335 16s. 5d. for the service of the ensuing quarter. Your committee would suggest that as the justice room will be probably completed before the next sessions, the County Surveyor should have power to fit up the same, as well as the justices' retiring room and the wait- ing room, with the necessary accommodation and that he consult the justices in the district as to the mode they would suggest for adoption, in fitting up the justice 9. room. Your committee having read the report of the police committee on the expenses of the police force during the last quarter, recommend that the sums reported by them should be paid, and the several rates proposed by them should be raised, viz E. s. d. Merthyr District 332 7 llx Newbridge 151 17 9j Ogmore 27 0 0 0 Swansea 179 9 Ogmore 27 0 0 0 Swansea 179 9 Your committee find that independent of the fixed salaries, the total expenditure for the last quarter was fl67 ISs. 9d., the several items of which accompany this report, and which your committee recommend to be be paid. And would suggest that some rule be laid down by the court for the payment, to constables or police, of the expenses of conveying to gaol prisoners committed by coroners, on charges of murder or manslaughter; as the officers of the county at present refuse to sanction the payment of such charges unless the order be made on the treasurer by a magistrate instead of the coroner." (Signed), GEORGE TYLER, Chairman." Resolved unanimously: That the foregoing report be received and adopted. EXPENSES OF CORONERS. The magistrates then proceeded to consider that section cf the committee's report, which had reference to Mr. Davies's charge for holding inquests on view of the bodies of those poor fellows who were burnt to death in the Duffryn Colliery, Aberdare. In reply to a magistrate, Mr. Davies said he was compelled by law to act as he had acted, and did not proceed with the view of gratifying any wish of his own. The Deputy Chairman said, that it appeared to him that only one jury had been summoned it was therefore a question whether there had really been more than one inquest held. Mr. Davies said, each body had been viewed separately, although the evidence taken in one case was applicable to all the other cases. although the evidence taken in one case was applicable to all the other cases. Mr. R. O. Jones thought it was a question for their consideration, whether they should allow the coroner his fee in one case or in all the cases. Mr. Davies thought it would be better for him to ex- plain. He intended holding but one inquest, as the evidence of one case applied to the whole but on looking at the form of preparing the inquest, he found he could not do so—he was obliged to prepare a form for each case. The enquiry occupied two days. He should leave the matter entirely in the hands of the magistrates. Mr. Dillwyn Llewelyn said, that similar cases had oc- curred on former occasions. What course had then been pursued 1* Mr. Fredricks said, that in such a case one inquest having been held, the coroner should have considered whether it was necessary to hold another. By the first inquest the cause of death had been made apparent, and therefore in his (Mr. Fredricks') opinion it was not neces- sary that inquests should be held on the remaining cases, as the object of holding an inquest at all had been fully attained, namely, that of ascertaining the cause of death. Mr. Davies reiterated his former statement, namely, that he should leave the matter entirely to the decision of the magistrates. A conversation then ensued, in which Viscount Adare, Mr. T. Edward Thomas, Mr. Dillwyn Llewelyn, Mr. R. O.Jones, Mr. Turbervill, and the chairman, took part. Ultimately it was resolved, that Mr. Davies should be allowed fees for four inquests, together with the mileage in each case. Mr. Cuthbertson said, that in a manslaughter case at Llanguicke, a second surgeon (Mr. Evans) bad been called in at the request of the jury. Would the magistrates make an order for the payment of his fees ? The Deputy Chairman said, the law only allowed the expenses of one surgeon; and the court had not power to make the order which was now applied for. COUNTY RATE. The Treasurer's accounts were read, from which it appeared there was a balance due to the county, of £ 575 8s. 9 £ d., on the general account. To the credit of the Merthyr police district, the treasurer held jElOD 8s.lljd.,and to the Newbridge district, £ 36 5s. lOjd. There was a balance due to the treasurer, from the Ogmore district, of 1:47 17s. lid., and from the Swansea district, of 1;7 12s. 10;. Merthyr stipendiary magistrate -due on this account from the treasurer, the sum of £243 18s. 4i. A county rate of three farthings in the pound was unanimously ordered. THE CHIEF CONSTABLE S REPORT. Mr. Dalton then read Captain Napier's report. We give it at full length, as it contains statements of more than ordinary interest. My Lords and Gentlemen,-1 have the honour to submit for your consideration my usual returns, for the quarter ending 15th of September, 1845, The number of persons summoned and apprehended during the year ending 15th of September, 1845, amount to 1959, of which 752 are males, and 207 females. "The sums raised under 10th section and superannuation fund, amount to JE85 18s. Oid. under 17th section—orders of court, conveyance of prisoners to gaol, inquest and lodging Mney, JE378 6s. 8Jd. The inspector-general of prisons, on a late visit to Merthyr, examined the state of the cells at the police station, and recom- mended that an alteration should be made in the width of the benches, considering them too narrow for the purpose of sleep- ing. The police station having always been considered a place of temporary confinement, instead of remand, the benches were made, consequently, not of sufficient width to fonn a bed. The immediate vicinity of the window will not admit of much greater width, lest facility of escape might also be afforded to the pri- soners confined. 1 have next to recommend for your consideration an addi- tion to the police force at Aberdare. I consider it hazardous or one constable to maintain the sole charge of so large a popu- •In the recent colliery explosion at Dynas, where thirteen lives were lost, Mr. Reece held one inquest only, and gave per- missive warrants to bury the remaining bodies without an iliqUCit, lation, which has increased since the census of 1841 nearly 1800, and is still increasing from the formation of a railway through the valley, and the number of new colliery pits now sinking in the neighbourhood. At present there are 106 houses either newly built or in progress. "There are in the Aberdare detatcnment 8 collieries, 3 iron works, and 5 new pits sinking. The population of Aberdare parish at present amounts to upwards of 8000. The county Generally continues perfectly quiet." This report was signed by Capt. Napier, and dated "Bridgend, 8th October, 1845." NOTICES FOR NEXT SESSIONS. Mr. R. O. Jones said he was requested by Mr. Bruce Pryce and Mr. Fothergill to give notice, that at the next sessions they should move that the police force of the Merthyr district be augmented. On behalf of the Right Honourable Chairman, who was unavoidably absent, Mr. R. O. Jones gave the fol- lowing notice :—"That the clerk of the peace give notice that, at the next General Quarter Sessions of the peace, to be held for this county, the justices then and there assembled intend to appoint a committee of justices either to superintend the erecting or providing of an asylum for the pauper lunatics of this county alone, or to treat and enter into an agreement with the justices of some other county or counties, borough or boroughs, or with the subscribers to some lunatic asylum heretofore established by voluntary subscriptions for the erection or providing of an asylum for the pauper lunatics of this county." Mr. T. Edward Thomas, after referring to existing inconveniences at the Swansea House of Correction, caused by the insufficiency of officers, gave notice that at the next sessions he should move that an additional turn- key be appointed for that prison—the present number being only two. The Rev. John Collins gave notice that h8 should move, at the next sessions, for an increase of the police force in the Swansea district. He added that he should suggest that a police station be fixed at Park Mill. Mr. R. O. Jones gave notice that he should move, at the next sessions, that the salary of the chief constable be increased. It was entirely his (Mr. Jones's) notice, as he conceived the chief constable was very insufficiently paid for his valuable services. POLICE REGULATIONS. Mr. Dalton said it would be very desirable if the court were to decide that parish constables should be employed to serve summonses, warrants, &c.. instead of members of the police force. A parish constable had the means within his power of being paid for his services, whereas a police constable had not. Several magistrates said, that the existing practice bore very hard on the policemen, who were often employed to travel to considerable distances from their districts, and for which service they received no payment. Besides, whilst engaged in serving those notices, they necessarily neglected their duties. The Deputy-Chairman said the court could do nothing in the matter, but make a recommendation to the various magistrates of the county to employ parish constables. Mr. Dillwyn Llewelyn said that if it were generally understood, magistrates would invariably employ the parish constables. Mr. T. Edward Thomas suggested that the Clerk of the Peace should be instructed to write to the clerks of petty sessions, informing them of the opinion of the Court of Quarter Sessions as to the expediency of employing the parish constables rather than policemen in serving warrants. The suggestion was eventually acted upon. A desultory conversation then took place upon various matters, but principally upon the remarks contained in the Finance Committee's Report, relative to an order for the payment of expenses incurred by conveying prisoners to gaol under a coroner's warrant. We believe the ques- tion was raised-whether it was necessary in cases of manslaughter or murder, that magistrates should investi- gate a case after it had been investigated by a coroner, and after a person had beeu committed. The general opinion of the magistrates this day seemed to be, that cases should be investigated by magistrates a. well as by coroners. POLICE RATES. In accordance with the Finance Committee's recommendation, an order was made for levying the sums enumerated in the committee's report upon the several police districts and also for raising the sum of £335 16s. 5d. under the powers of the Merthyi- Stipendiary Magistrate's Act. [See the Finance Com- mittee's Report above.] REMOVAL OF PAUPERS.—Mr. Dalton drew the atten- tion of the magistrates to an Act of Parliament passed with the view of facilitating the removal of Irish and Scotch paupers, and particularly to the 4th section of the act. WEIGHTS & MEASURES.-—Gwyn moved that com- plete sets of weights and measures be provided for the several districts of the county: whereupon a general con- versation ensued, in which Viscount Adare, Mr. Yivian, Mr.T.E. Thomas, Mr. Gwyn, and Mr. Fredricks took part. Mr. Vivian thought that if the magistrates provided weights and measures, they should also adopt such means as would ensure the due performance of the several in- spectors' duties. The inspectors should be directed to keep a book, and to record in it a statement of their pro- ceedings throughout the year, and which book should be produced quarterly at the sessions. Viscount Adare approved of the suggestion; and after a tedious conversa- tion upon the matter, during which we could hear nothing very distinctly, it was unanimously resolved that complete sets of weights and measures should be forthwith provided, for the three districts of the county, and that the county inspectors should enter minutes of their proceedings in a book, so that, by referring to it, it might be seen whether they did their duty or not. It was stated by a magistrate that the corporation of Swansea had a complete set of weights and measures, but that they refused to let them go out of the borough. THE SOUTH "WALES RAILWAY.—At the last sessions, Mr. N. V. E. Vaughan gave notice of a motion to the effect, that as it was probable the proprietors of the South Wales Railway would employ policemen to preserve order during its formation, it was expedient to communi- cate with the Committee or Directors on the subject, with the view of inducing them to place their policemen under Capt. Napier's command.—Mr. Dillwyn Llewelyn said the Directors were not obliged to keep policemen during the formation of the xoad.-After a short conver- sation on the matter, it was understood that the Deputy Chairman should communicate with the Directors on the subject, and state to them that, with the view of increas- ing the efficiency of their force, they (the Directors) would be permitted, if they thought proper, to place their police- men under Captain Napier's command. THE COUNTY PRISONS. The report of John Wood, Esq., clerk of the peace, on the state and condition of the several prisons iu this county.. The visiting justices of the county gaol at Cardiff, report the prison to be in a better condition than they ever knew it. Some small alterations having lately been well done, they think the cast iron rails now used to divide the yards from the garden, might be advantageously replaced by wrought iron rails, thereby increasing the security, and also preventing the prisoners having access to each other. The pumps require repair: perhaps an entire alteration would be best consisting of cast iron barrels. r The chaplain of the same prison reports the services of the chapel have been regularly performed twice a week throughout the year, with one exception—a Wednesday morning's prayer was omitted through the forgetfulness of a brother clergyman, who had undertaken the chap- lain's duty on that day, while he was from home. On the whole, the chaplain has to report favourably of the conduct of the prisoners while under his observation. "The visiting justices of the House of Correction at Swansea, report that the rules laid down for the govern- ment of the prison have been duly attended to, and that the prison is in a good state of repair. "The chaplain of the same prison reports the behaviour of the prisoners during the past year, to have been generally satisfactory. The rules laid down for the government of the respective prisons appear to have been duly complied with.' APPLICATION FROM THE UNDER SHERIFF. Mr. Lewis Bridgend, said he had to make an official application to the magistrates, namely, that the members of the county police force should during their necessary attendance at Assizes or Sessions, be directed to assist the sheriff's officers in preserving order in court. By the present practice during a disturbance in court, or outside the court, half a dozen policemen might frequently be seen looking on listlessly, whilst the javelin men were vainly endeavouring to preserve order. His remarks had reference to the town police, as well as to the county police, as they all declined to interfere, or to render any assistance to the sheriff's officers. He (Mr. Lewis) made no complaint against the policemen, but simply wished to bring the matter distinctly before the magistrates. The employment of javelin men was a very large tax upon the sheriff; but it would be increased if he were obliged to employ a greater number. Besides, the men who were generally employed as javelin men were unac- customed to the duty, and consequently the assistance of a few policemen would be a very valuable acquisition in a crowded court. The Deputy-Chairman said, that nothing could be worse than the state of disorder in which the court was permitted to remain during sessions. Could not the police officers of Swansea assist 1 Mr. Lewis believed that the Swansea policemen were very hardly worked by night and by day. However, he should be glad to have assistance. During the last Spriug Assizes, his attention was drawn to a great uproar which was taking place outside the Hall. He proceeded to the spot—perceived that the crowd were very disorderly, and also that several policemen were quietly looking on, and allowed him (Mr. Lewis) to quell the disturbance without even offering to render him any assistance. This application occasioned a very animated conversa- tion, during which Mr. Vaughan suggested that the magistrates should form a sheriffs club," and then have w standing corps of javelin-men, who would be well acquainted with their duty. The Deputy-Chairman said it should be understood by policemen, that it was their duty to assist in keeping order during quarter sessions. THE COUNTY ROADS' BOARD.—Mr. Vivian thought a meeting of this board might very well be held upon the first day of the sessions, and after the transaction of the County Business. It would be very convenient to ma- gistrates from the eastern parts of the county, and the convenience of members of the board should be at all times consulted when it could be done without injury to the pubUc^business^Y WEDNESDAY. The following cases, with those given by us last week, were disposed of on Tuesday and ednesday, the 14 h and 15th October, before Henry Thomas, Esq., Deputy Chairman, and a full bench of magistrates. At half-past twelve on Tuesday, the Right Hon. John Nicholl, M.P., Chairman, unexpectedly entered the Hall and took his seat. MARCROSS.— Catherine Bees, aged 20, single woman, pleaded guilty to the charge of having stolen £3 10s. from her master, Mr. William Thomas, of Marcross, farmer and was sentenced to be imprisoned and kept to hard labour in Cardiff gaol for the term of three months. GLYNCORRWG.—Henry Webb, aged 41, labourer, pleaded guilty to the charge of having stolen one silver watch, value 20s., from Henry Floyd. He was also charged with stealing £4 8s. 6d. and a waistcoat, of the property of George Philps, and from the dwelling-house of the said Henry Floyd. Sentence—To be imprisoned and kept to hard labour in Cardiff gaol for the term of four months. SWANSEA.—Ann Jeffreys, aged 18, spinster, pleaded guilty to the charge of having stolen a shawl, value 2s., of the property of John Jones, labourer. Prisoner re- ceived a good character. Sentence—To be imprisoned and kept to hard labour for fourteen days. DOWLAIS George Synnett pleaded guilty to the charge of stealing a piece of rope, of the property of the Dowlais Iron Company, and was sentenced to be impri- soned and kept to hard labour for the term of one month. COURT PRACTICE.—It has hitherto been the practice for barristers to apply to the court, in all cases, for the costs of the prosecution. Wednesday morning, in reply to Mr. L. Hall, the deputy chairman said that it would no longer be necessary to make applications for the costs, as they would be allowed, except in particular cases. «' In all cases where the witnesses had been bound over to attend, the expenses would be allowed, unless there was something peculiar in the circumstances of the case." After a short consultation with several of his professional brethren, Mr. Lloyd Hall again rose and begged to know what circumstances would be, by the court, considered "peculiar." The deputy chairman said "that unless the court made an objection, the costs would always be allowed." BRIDGEND.—Mary Williams, aged 28 (the wife of Thomas Williams), Priscilla Rees, aged In, George Ritherford, aged 22, sweep, and John Croxon, aged 23, waterman, were charged with having stolen £9 12s. 6d. from Edward Hawkins. of Colwinstone. Verdict—Guilty. Sentence.—Priscilla Rees and Mary Williams to be imprisoned and kept to hard labour for the term of twelve calendar months, in Swansea House of Correction. George Ritherford and John Croxon to be imprisoned and kept to hard labour for nine months in Cardiff Gaol. NEATH.—Anne Edwards, aged 20, single woman, was convicted of having stolen a sovereign from Thomas George, and was sentenced to be imprisoned and kept to hard labour for one month, at Swansea House of Cor- rection. ABERAVON. — Thomas Gulliver, aged 35, collier, pleaded guilty to the charge of having stolen 341bs. of coal, of the property of the Governor and Company of Copper Miners in England. Sentence—Fourteen days' imprisonment, with hard labour, in Swansea House of Correction. BRITON FERRY.— William Thompson, aged 43, la- bourer, pleaded guilty to the charge of having stolen one pair of shoes, value 5s., of the property of Chas. Tedball, and was sentenced to be imprisoned in the House of Correction at Swansea for the term of one month, there to be kept to hard labour. George Helley, aged 58, was convicted of having stolen at Swansea divers articles of wearing apparel, value t ts. 3d., of the property of Mr. John Owens, of Carmarthen, master mariner. And also of having stolen a gold watch guard chain, of the property of Mr. Francis Harvey Pool, of Hayle, master mariner. Sentence—For each offence to be imprisoned and kept to hard labour, for the term of three calendar months, in Swansea House of Correction. LANTWIT VARDRE.—John Davits, aged 81, labourer, was charged with stealing several handkerchiefs and a few articles of wearing apparel. V erdict- Guilty. Sentence One calendar mouth's imprisonment, with hard labour in Cardiff Gaol. Mr. Benson conducted the prosecution. LLANGEVELACH.—John WiUtams, aged 33, labourer, was charged with stealing one copper ingot mould, of the value of thirty shillings, the property of the Governor and Company of Copper Miners in England. The jury acquitted the prisoner. BRIDGEND.—John Lewis was charged with stealing two hundred weight of coal, the property of Mr. John Loos- more, of Bridgend. Verdict—Guilty. Sentence—fourteen days' imprison- ment with hard labour, in Swansea House of Correction, and to be once privately whipped on entering, and once on leaving the prison. Previous to passing sentence the deputy chairman told Austin, a witness in the case, that the court had it now in consideration whether they should direct an indictment for perjury to be preferred against him or not. He (Austin) when before the magistrates swore positively that he saw the prisoner tip the coal from the cart; this day he, equally as positive, denied it." LLANVABON.—King William, 58, engineer, pleaded guilty to the charge of having stolen, on the 15th of Aug. last, in this parish, a cleaver, of the property of Mr. Thomas Treherne; and was sentenced to be imprisoned and kept to hard labour for one month in Swansea House of Correction. William Dew, aged 21, pleaded guilty to the charge of having stolen 801bs. of coal, value one penny, and was sentenced to be imprisoned, with hard labour, for six days in Swansea House of Correction—the last three days to be in solitude. The effect of this sentence will be that the prisoner will be discharged on Saturday, as the sen- tence takes its date on Monday, the first day of the sessions. Benjamin Edwards, a child cf very tender years, was charged with stealing a knife. On behalf of the prose- cution, Mr. Morgan recommended that the charge should not be pressed, in consequence of the lad's extreme youth. He was consequently discharged. Mr. Richards, who defended him, thanked the Court for its leniency. NEATH.—Joseph Darby, aged 18, and Joshua Darby, aged 20, pleaded guilty to the charge of stealing a brooch and some money, the property of Mrs. Elizabeth Sherrin. Sentence—three calendar months' imprisonment with hard labour in Swansea House of Correction. In this case very little time elapsed between the commission of the crime and the punishment of the offenders. The rob- bery was committed on Wednesday, after which the pri- soners left Neath in the direction of Cardiff, where they were taken by Superintendent Stockdale as they were in the act of offering the brooch for sale to Mr. Barry, in Duke-street. THURSDAY. [Before Henry Thomas, Esq., deputy-chairman, and several magistrates.] The following were the only rases of interest heard this day, and with which the business of the sessions closed :— LANTWIT VARDRE.—Mart/ Rees, a young woman ot rather decent appearance, was indicted for having stolen various articles, the property of John Jenkins, farmer, of Lantwit Vardre. It aflpeared that the prisoner had been for SOIGe years a housekeeper in the prosecutor's service, but iu conse- quence of having discovered that an improper intimacy had subsisted between his son and tbe prisoner, the prosecutor discharged the latter. After ahe left, the prosecutor sus-1 pected that some of his property was seemed iu tbe prisoner's boxes, which had been left behind in the house. He there- fore addressed a letter to his son, who was then on a visit to the prisoner's father, requesting him to forward the keys of the boxes. This request not being complied with, the prose- cutor procured a smith to force open ihe boxes, in which he found some cloth, crape, handkeichicfs, keys, &c which he identified as his ¡;¡fOperty. In cross-examination by :\1 r. Richards, who defended the prisoner, the witness admitted, after considerable hesitation, that his ?JU wished to marry the prisoner, that be bad even taken her I" Bridgend for that purpose, but that he (the prosecutor) had put a stop to the match by preferring the charge of felony. It likewise ap. peared that the son had told the witness that he (the son) had given the prisoner the property found in the boxes. At the conclusion of the witness's evidence, Mr. Carue, who conducted the prosecution, intimated his intention of aot proceeding with the case after this evidence. The chairman said that he found no fault with the discretion exercised by the learned counsel, but still the young woman had a very narrow escape, for she must have known that tbe young man bad no ii$bt to give her his father's property. A verdict of Not Guilty" was recorded. RIOT NEAR LLANTRISSE^T.—At about two o'clock p.m., afler all the common cases had been disIJosed cf, Evan Miller and Evan Bees were placed at the bar charged as being pnnclpals at a tumultuous meeting, near Llantrissent on the 17th July last. Mary Edwards, of Eglwysilan, was three times catled upon 10 corne and give evidence, or to forfeit her recognizance, but sbe did nOl appear. Mr. Richards appeared on behalf of the prosecution, and Mr. Wilson was engaged for Ihe defence. Mr. Kichards, in addressing the jury, said, -In tIlls case Ihe IWO men at the bar are iudicted for a riot, & it becomes my painful duty to make such a charge againu them before a jury of their own countrymen. I am sorry there should exist any misunderstanding between a master and his servant, and very especially as in the present case. Mr. Powell is a gentleman well known in this county as an owner and extensive worker of collieries and the prisoners were among the workmen employed by him. On 30th May last, they gave Mr. Powell notice that their wages were too low, though they then earned from 4s. 6d. to 5s. a day that was not enough, they insisted on more, and, therefore, struck." Mr. Powell's collieries remained abandoned tor about three weeks, and he then procured men from Monmouth- abire and employed them in his works. Two brothers of the name of Morgan acceded to Mr. Powell's proposal. Mr. Kichards then went on to give a history of the case up to the 17th July, when the riot occurred after which he called on Mr Mathew Augustus John, who, on being sworn, said—«I am Mr. Powell's coal agent at Cardiff. I take charge of coals sent down irom the IJehewy cdlieries worked by Mr. Powell, and which were so worked on 30th May last, between whicn and 17th July I fouud waut of coals irom that colliery to ship at Cardiff. The cause of this was, the men had struck for wages. I had occasion to go up to tbe colliery and found that it was idle, which occasioned great loss to Mr. Powell. Here :\lr. Wilson objected to such evidence-said it was irrelevant; that all required was such part of the history as was supposed to implicate the prisoners. ko;„~ Wm H.7 kiah Morgan was then called, and, on being sworn, stated, I reside near Lantwit Vardre. W°r,u at the Dehewy collieries, as do also my brothers. 1 wen ere on the 17th July laill, and my three brothers, to commence working. My brother Thomas and myself arc partners; my two other brothers work for us. I know Evan H-ees Evan Miller they are both here. 1 know alsoMoses Ket^ and Watkin YVynn they are not here. 1 have k Kees since the 12th J»ly last. 1 saw him on that lay near Treforest. There was another man with him- Evan Rees asked me where I had been. I said we were going to work the collieries (my brother Thomas and myself) upon \vbich he said we had no busiiips^ to take the work. On the > when near the Three Horse Shoes public-house, we saw a woman and a man on the road. I did not know them then we met the woman first. She asked us where we "ere Oo ng. We answered to work at the colliery, she to us we au better return that there were hundreds of workmen wai. ng for us at the Three Horse Shoes. I asked what tor she saifJ —" You go forward, you shall see." Afterwards ie ma I spoke to us to the same purpose, and tlun both I. ft. My brothers and self consulted together until the man and woman got out of sight, then we crossed through a wood to Lantwit Vardre. We went to the door of Mary bdwards. and 1 knocked she came to the door, and 1 asked her tor a drop of water to drink. I then told her the circumstances we were \n1 and begged her to let us come in. She first lefused, hut when we told her the consequence, she let us come i,1, I told her we were goin^ to have the Dehewy colliery, bnt that we were fearful oi the tnen. We saw two men passing the porch of Ihe house whom we took 10 he spies. We went into the h iusc, au-i soon after a little boy (K'' Motley) came in. He had .t pipe in his hand, which he said he came to light. Mrs. Edw -rds asked if he smoked himself he said no, that he came for another man." The iit;le 00\ could see me and my brothers. Directly after the boy left, we observed a crowd of people who surrounded the house i the number might be from 150 to 200. Most were men, but there were several women. They had the appearance of colliers and sinker! One man came up to the door of the home- the man whom 1 met on Ihe road with the woman. 1 do nOI know his name. He came to the door, and wanted to be let in. f did not see the prisoners there then. I saw Watkin Wynn and Moses Rees. I saw aho Jemima Powell, the woman whom I now point at [pointing to a female near the prisoners.] She came t" me to the house after the crowd were go'ie. She told me we had better leave we should have half an hour to consider whether we vould go or not. She did not tell us who uave that leave. We begged of Mrs. Edwards that we migtn remain there, and she said we should stay. Jemima Powell then went away, and afterwards returned, an t said." Here you are stiJl; the patience of the men is just over, and] do not know the vorisequence of your remaining here longer." Site then went away n the direction of the crowd. I observed the crowd come on again as numerous as before. I observed Wynn and Moses Rees the second time [the two men who have absconded]. We remained in Mrs. Edwards* house unlil two o'clock the naxt morning, my three brothers and myself, and then went away under the protection of the police 10 Trc- i'or^st. The crowd had dispersed when we left. The evidence of this witness was not shaken by the skilful cross-examination of Mr. Wilson. Thomas Morgan, brother of last witness, was then exa- mined. He proceeded to corroborate the evidence of his bro- ther and then said—When Jemima Powell went away, we saw a ctowd come again, about the same number as at first. Among the second crowd I saw the prisoners Rvan Miller and Kvan Rees, Moses Kees also and Watkin Wynn. The crowd had in their hands pieces of sticks. The two prisoners had such pieces in their hands. We heard a great noise of whoop- ing and shouting, as if they were hunting. They came round the house. We could see them from within the house. When near the house, Moses Kees said, D—n their eyes. if we have them out we will kill them and the two prisoners said the same words, and were present when Moses Rees spoke. They had sticks in their hands flourishing them about. The sticks were about the length of a policeman's club. They seemed as if prepared sticks. I heard Wynn say— If I could have them out, I would finish them." The two prisoners were then by the gate, and could hear him say so. His threais were against me and my brothers, I believe. Mrs. Edwards «a about the house at this time, and appeared in fea-. I was in fc'-ir myself, and thought my tifcin danger. The mob remained about an hour the first time, and about three quarters of an hour the second time, when the prisoners were present The door was bol'ed by the woman of the house. My cousin having heard the great tumult, and that we were locked up, went for the police and about two o'clock next morning we went off under their care. We gave up Mr. Powell's work we were afraid to go on with it. I had seen Hvan Kees before the 17th July. I had seen him near Tre- forest; first, on the 12th, f thint. I saw Miller when we had been looking at the works. We tried to hire Moses Kees, Watkin Wynn, Mil'.cr. and Evan Kees, but they refused. About a fortnight after, the collicry resumed work by tw#>or three workmen: others were afraid to come there. TIle col- liery is not in full work yet: people are still afraid to go there to work. This witness was closely cross-examined by \Ir. Wilson, but he remained firm, and in reply aftei wards to Mr. Kichards, he said I have no doubt but the two prisoners are the two men I saw among the crowd. Wm. H. Morgan re-examined by Mr. Richards, said—The crowd had short sticks in their hands, and they made much and very disagreeable noise. I heard Watkin Wynn say- If we have them out, we will finish them." It was in Welsh he spoke, and for finish, he used the Welsh word cwplo. I believe he meant my brothers and myself, there being no others in the house onlv Mrs. Kdwards and the servant maid. Mrs. Edwards was also in great fear, and will me she hoped they would not come in and break the place. The crowd were standing on the outside, and could see us through the window. The colliery is still canv d on, but with difficulty, because people are afraid to work. None of the old workmen are there now. Mrs. Ed wards s house is about four milt s from Ne^bridge, and about a milf, and a half from the collieries. Jemima Powell, wife of William Powell, of Lantwit Vardre, who professed she could not give her evidence in English, was, by means of a i interpreter, examined at great length in Welsh, first by Mr. Richards, then by .Vlr. Wilson. Much of her evidence furnished neaily the same history as given by the two Morgans, only under a different colouring for instead of saying the crowd amounted to from 150 to 200 persons, she stated they were from 30 to 4J, and that the prisoners were not among them. but she admitted they were on the road about 20 yards from the others. Sheadmittedatsothatshe called on "the Morgans at Mrs. Edwards's house; but it was merely for advising them to go home, so as to prevent a dis- tmbance, which she was fearful would occur, were they to continue in the neighbourhood. A few times this witness broke out into good English, us if to rectify a wrong version given of her evidence; Oil this the chairman Seemed inclined to put her to speak Ungiish but she resol ved to retreat agai i into Welsh. This pretended ignorance of Kngli-h evidently injured her credit before the court, as did also many of her answers, as they were evidently given with evasive hesitation. Mr. Wilson and Mt Richards had several times a little skilful sparring relative to the'statutes'applicable to this case. Mr. Richards informed the court there were two other per- sons implicated, but had absconded, and called on Mr. Powell's solicitor, who said he bad applied to the magistrates for a warrant against the prisoners, also agaiust two others who abscondedT He had a sccoud warrant. and ciiterwards a spe- cial warrant against the two persons who had absconded, and who were now searched for. Mr. Wilson then addressed the jury, and said—I admit, gentlemen, there may have been a disturbance, but not what can be termed a riot. The ac-s in which the prisoners had joined did not strike terror into the public at large the terror may have reached the four individuals they came against, but we do not find it went any further, for Mrs. Edwards was so far from being terrified, that she expressed a hope, which you know, gentlemen, IS quite a different passion from dlat of fear, it being an expectation of good, whereas the other is of evil. She sai\k-" 1 hope Ibcy will not. injure me." I anj surprised it should have been deemed necessary to carry this inquivv Into the sessions, which, by an act of Geo 1 V., passed in IIL5. mi^ht have been settled before two magistrates. We have heard°gentlemen, of the length of the sticks carried by the men but nothing of their thickness they may have been harmless twigs, I do nit deny but that some means were adopted to deter the four ,o"rs from accepting work of Mr. Powell which waS. indeed, very imprudent; hut the steps they took did not amount to a riot according to the legal defi- nition of the term- I "ill call witnesses who will give the prisoners very good characters, as being generally quiet and peaceable men tip to thu hour, Isaac Jones was then called and sworn, who stated—I sm a mason and buitdcr. [ know the two prisoners Evan Miller and Evan Rees. llive m the neighbourhoid of the c dliery. I have known Evan ees about twelve months, and Evan Miller about tWO vcars and a half, to be both very quiet and peaceable neighbours. Jane David, wife of wdiiam David, gave both a similar good character., The Chairman, III summing up the evidence to thf-jury, remarked that the Morgans bad given their evidence in a very straightforward manner, hy which it appeared the prisoners had given them reasonable cause of terror. You have also," he remarked, observed the manner in which Jemima Powell eave her evidence. ^ou may give her assertions as much £ edit as you think they deserve. If you think tbe brothers ^fadwof reasonable caus-e of fear, tbe prisoners are not guilty; but if they gave a reasonable cause, then they are guilty; trie terrified being Her Majesty's well-disposed subjects, nothing to the contrary hav'n8 ^ecn shown." The iurv retired for about a quarter of an hou and brought in a verdict of NOT tiUILTY. The Chairman then cautioned the prisoners to he careful for the future, as they had now but a very narrow es ape.



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