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-q-r-BRIDGEND LABOURERS' FRIEND…
-q- r- BRIDGEND LABOURERS' FRIEND SOCIETY. [BY OUU OWN REPORTER.) On Friday last, the fifth anniversary of this very excellent society took place in the town of Bridgend. The weather during the forenoon was rather unfa- vourable, which probably kept many of those gentle- men away whom we noticed at the meeting of last year. An important railway meeting at Pyle, also assisted in lessening the number of those who are generally most ready to assist in carrying out the objects of this society, and which has hitherto, we are informed, been the means of effecting much good in the district to which its operations are confined. Viscount Adare, our highly respected and most excel- lent member for the county, was at his post, having travelled upwards of four hundred miles simply with the view of taking part in the proceedings of the day —a circumstance which redounds to bis lordship's lasting honour, showing, as it clearly does, the deep interest he takes in everything calculated to promote the prosperity and happiness of the labouring popu- lation. Mr. Talbot was unavoidably absent, as was also the right honourable member for Cardiff. It is most pleasing to witness meetings of this kind, where landlords and tenants cordially unite with the view of effecting one common object—the amelioration of the condition of the humbler classes of society. Besides, irrespective of the benefits which accrue to those who are lowest in the social scale by the es- tablishment of societies of this kind, many other collateral advantages are secured gentlemen compare their several experiences—test theory by practice— and we know that the interchange of opinion pro- duces enlightenment. The young farmer, eager for everything that is new, takes counsel of the old; while the old farmer of other days is often happily induced to lay aside hi. prejudices, and to benefit by the energy and spirit of his younger brethren. In addition to this, the class in whom is vested the solid property of the country, and upon whom depends the employment and subsistance of millions, acquire strength, and will be enabled, we hope effec- tually, to assist the insiduous approaches of its would- be-respected friends as well as the less dangerous, because more open attacks of the league. The show of agricultural produce was, upon this 1.] viwi\iuv\Ac tvj *Aic iic\g\iY>vurllOOCi. lMf. Blosse's onions, Mr. Franklen's turnips and swedes, Mr. Thomas's carrots, were very much admired. The samples sent for competition were also in many instances very fine specimens. With regard to the ploughing match—the great feature of the day, and which took place on the Clay Pits farm—we have to report that 11 teams entered as competitors for the first-class prize, and 6 teams for the second class. The result will be seen in our report of the dinner. Mr. Whapham, of Bonvilstone, and Mr. Williams, of Ely, were the judges of the ploughing and Mr. Powell, of Eglwysnynnid, was the judge of the vegetables. THE DINNER. At half-past three o'clock about sixty gentlemen, tradesmen, and farmers sat down to dinner in the Ball-room of the Wyndham Arms Inn. We observed present Viscount Adare, M.P., Dunraven Castle; the Rev. Robert Knight, Tythegstone Court; M. P. Traherne, Esq., Coytrahen; Richard Franklen, Esq., Clemenstone; William Thomas, Esq., Pwllywrach; the Rev. John Harding, the Rev. II. L. Blosse, New- castle; the Rev. Charles Knight, of Tythegstone; William Lewellyn, Esq., Court Colman; the Rev. Mr. Williams, Marcross; Robert Lindsay, Esq., Margam; Dr. Lewis, Cowbridge W. Prichard, Esq., Laleston; John Rindall, Esq., Oldcastle; Mr. Price, Mr. Simpson, Mr. William Lewellin, Mr. Daniel Lewellin. Mr. Neale, Mr. Bryant, Mr. George Verity, Mr. Brown, Tondu; Mr. Rees Jenkins, Mr. Cox, Mr. Edwards, Mr. Whapham, Bonvilstone; Mr Williams, Ely, &c., &c. a The dinner was served up in Mrs. Betterton's usual excellent style, and gave the greatest and most general satisfaction. The wines were also first-rate in every respect. Viscount Adare took the chair,—and Richard Franklen, Esq., presided at the second table. The vice-chair was ably filled by Mr. Daniel Lewellin, one of the honorary secretaries. After ample justice had been done to the dinner, the noble chairman rose and proposed The health of Her Majesty the Queen;" and in doing so ob- served, that he hoped the result of Her Majesty's travels in foreign parts would be to strengthen her feelings of attachment to her own country. (Drank with three times three.) Th Chairman proposed as the next toast, one that was dear to the hearts of all Welshmen—" His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales." (Cheers.) His Lordship said that he happened to be on terms of in- timacy with the highly gifted individual who had been appointed tutor to his Royal Highness, and he should ask him to endeavour to instil into his youth- ful pupil's mind feelings of attachment to his Princi- pality, which portion of Her Majesty's dominions had always been famous for its loyalty. (Drank with three times three ) The Chairman next proposed the health of Her Majesty the Queen Dowager, and the rest of the Royal Family." In reference to the Queen Dowager, his lordship had to express, what everybody must feel, sentiments of the deepest respect and admiration. (Loud cheers.) Her Majesty was the promoter of every institution which could tend to benefit or ameliorate the condition of all classes of this great country; and her name deserved to be always held in the greatest respect. (Drank with three times three.) The Chairman proposed as the next toast the Bishop and Clergy of the Diocese"—a toast which was upon this occasion peculiarly appropriate, since he observed so many clergymen present, all of whom. his lordship said, had taken the most active part in carrying out the objects of the society. (Drank with loud cheers.) The Rev. John Harding having been called for rose to return thanks and said he felt extremely flattered in having his name coupled with the toast which had just been drank. He rose under circumstances of peculiar difficulty to acknowledge the compliment, and which were considerably increased when he observed a gentleman present prepared to write down all he said. (Laughter.) However, as he had been called upon to return thanks, as it was termed, he would not attempt any show of mock-modesty by wishing it was in better hands, but would frankly state he was very glad it was in his own hands. (Cheers and laughter.) WTifh regard to the Bishop, he (Mr. Harding) was certain that his lordship was always ready to do all in his power to render the con- dition of the humbler classes of society as comfortable as possible; and with regard to his brethren, the clergy, he could say that they were much mixed up with the society. No body of men should be more ready to assist in carrying out the objects of The Labourers' Friend Society" than the clergy, and when he looked around and saw so many clergymen present he felt satisfied that they were all most willing to assist in effecting this good work—that they felt it was truly a labour of love." (Cheers.) He was sure that within this Diocese there was no body of men who felt a deeper or a warmer interest in the prospe- rity of the labourer, or the farmer, than the clergy did, and for this reason—the clergy had always been mixed up with the agricultural class. They might safely be considered as the truest and warmest friend of the labourer. Their houses—their advice in cir- cumstances of difficulty—were always at the service of their poorer neighbours. (Cheers.) For many years the clergy had been intimately connected with the farmer, but the omnipotence of Parliament had severed that connexion, and the clergy now held that relative position to the landlord which they had formerly held to the farmer. He (Mr. Harding) had been long connected with the parishes of Coychurch and Coity—two of the most considerable parishes in the neighbourhood. He had been connected with one for thirty year*, and with the other for twenty years, and had never experienced anything but kind- ness and affection at the hands of any one. During the long period of his connexion with these parishes he had never had a single dispute, and never lost a shilling. (Cheers.) That was something to say when a man's gratitude was called for. (Loud cheers.) He most sincerely acknowledged it. His warmest thanks were due to the parishes of Coity and Coy- church; and he trusted that they would long flourish. (Cheers)—individually and collectively he wished them every prosperity. (Loud cheers.) He hoped they would prosper and improve—improve their mode of cultivation largely and widely. (Hear.) The reverend gentleman after some general reference to agricultural improvements slightly glanced at the present railway mania, which had seized upon all classes. The establishment of so many new lines might have a tendency to develope the mineral resources of this county, and he trusted that in the hands of Providence they would also conduce to the moral advancement ot the people generally. He resumed his seat, after a very able speech, amidst loud cheers. 3 The Chairman then rose to propose the health of a noble individual, whose name was never mentioned without exciting feelings of the highest respect and esteem; for there was not in the whole county a per- son who more actively discharged the duties of his situation, or who took a warmer interest in the pros- perity of everything appertaining to this county, than did the noble lord whose health he (Lord Adare) was about to propose (hear)—namely, that of the Marquis of Bute, lord lieutenant of this county. (Drank with three times three and protracted cheering.) The Rev. Robert Knight then rose, and was re- ceived with much applause, He said that the toast he was about to propose, should, in the usual course of events, have proceeded from the chair; but he was quite sure they all would agree with him, that it would be quite unfair to impose upon the chairman the trouble of proposing his own health, and also that of returning thanks. (Laughter.) The toast he was about to propose was a public one-the healths of the members for the county of Glamorgan. (Cheers.) With reference to his noble friend at the head of the table, he (Mr. Knight) did not think he could say much for him as a practical farmer (hear and laugh- ter) but as a labourer's friend he stood pre-eminent, and his lordship had evinced his friendship for the society by travelling upwards of 400 miles, in order to be present at its annual meeting. (Great cheering.) He would not make his lordship blush by referring to his parliamentary conduct. (Loud cheers.) He was quite sure that they were all duly sensible of the great attention invariably paid by his lordship to his public duties, and, therefore, it was unnecessary to say any- thing further. (Protracted cheering.) With regard to their other member, Mr. Talbot, he would also say a few words. First, he regretted that he (Mr. Talbot) was not present to-day. He did the society the honour last year of presiding at their annual dinner, and came out as a young farmer with a great deal of eclat. (Laughter.) He certainly spoke very largely on the subject of turnips. (Renewed laughter.) The c jmpany had some fine ones presented to their notice turnips which were tolerably good, but Mr. Talbot turned up his nose at them—said they were very fair certainly-but told them he had succeeded in growing much larger ones by means of guano and other arti- ficial manure. (Cheers and laughter.) It was quite clear that Mr. Talbot had been lately doing a great deal in the lower parts of this county. At Penrice he had a large farm in his own hands, and which was very splendidly cultivated. (Cheers.) At Margam he had another large farm in his own hands, and which he had also very much improved. He had likewise brought a gentleman from Scotland, to set the farmers of this county an example of an improved mode of cultivation. (Cheers.) For his efforts in endeavouring to improve the cultivation of land gene- rally, he (Mr. Talbot) certainly deserved the society's warmest thanks. (Cheers.) Family circumstances ur d paiuful xiatwrc presented liis aiieiiilauue at their annual meeting; but he was ever anxious to do all in his power to promote their interests, and had left two good bailiffs as his representatives. He (Mr. Knight) had the greatest pleasure in proposing the healths of the members for the county; and he hoped the meet- ing would drink the toast with three times three. (Drank with great applause.) The Chairman rose amidst loud and most general cheering to return thanks for the warm manner in which the gentlemen present had drank the healths of the members for the county. It was certainly quite true that he (Lord Adare) could not propose his own health; but Mr. Knight had done it so well that lie (Lord Adare) wished he would return thanks for him also. (Laughter.) Mr. Knight had stated to them that he could not say much for him (Lord Adare) as a farmer. He was sorry for it; but lie hoped time would remove that cause for regret. When he started for the county in 1837, some persons said he was much too young; but another gentleman observed that time would mend that (laughter); but whether he (Lord Adare) was now wiser or better than he was then he knew not: this he knew, he was growing r, quite grey-headed in the service of the county. (Great cheering and laughter.) As long as he lived he should feel the greatest delight in doing everything in his power to promote the general prosperity of the county. (Protracted cheering.) The Chairman, in the course of a few minutes, again rose and proposed the healths of the members for the boroughs. His lordship then apologised for the absence of the right honourable member for Cardiff (Mr. Nicholl), and read a letter from that gen- tleman, in which it was stated business of the greatest importance required his attendance in London, and so prevented his attendance at the dinner., (Drank with three times three.) Richard Franklen, Esq. then rose and said he had the chairman's permission to propose a toast; and the one he intended to name was-" The health of the noble president of the day." (Immense cheering.) His lordship had upon all occasions evinced the utmost readiness to be of service to this society, and to promote the prosperity of the labouring classes generally. His lordship had travelled many hundred miles, at the sacrifice of considerable domestic com- fort, to come to this country in order to be present at this annual meeting. (Great cheering.) He was sure all present would duly appreciate his lordship's kind- ness and drink his health with three times three. (Drank with every demonstration of respectful attach- ment.) After a brief pause Lord Adare rose to return thanks. He felt deeply grateful to the company for having honoured him by drinking his health-for hav- ing twice exercised their throats and lungs in his ser- vice. (Cheers and laughter.) He did not wish to take any credit to himself for having travelled some dis- tance to attend their meeting. He had been to Ire- land to see his mother (the Countess of Dunraven) who had been most dangerously ill; but, having seen her, he took the opportunity of returning to this country in order to be present at the society's annual festival (cheers), conceiving that if he were to remain away, his absence would be interpreted as a mark of lukewarmness in the cause of the society. (Hear.) He was afraid that the want of his being a practical farmer would appear more conspicuous when return- ing thanks on his own behalf than it did whenacknow- ledging the compliment on behalf of the members of the county. He was not able to go into the mysteries of agricultural science; but he would yield to none in the room in anxiety to see this society flourish (cheers); and not this society alone, but every other having for its object the amelioration of the condition of the labour- ing classes. (Loud cheers.) His lordship then pro- ceeded to advert to the intimacy which had for so many ages subsisted between the labourer and the proprietor of the soil, warmly eulogised the allotment system, which was, his lordship observed, calculated to be productive of the greatest benefit to the indus- trious classes, both physically and morally. (Cheers.) Ever since his lordship had resided in this neighbour- hood he had met with the most general demonstra- tions of attachment, for which he was deeply grate- ful, and should bear the circumstance in mind to the latest moment of his life. (Cheers.) He should always warmly endeavour to do all in his power to promote the welfare of his poorer neighbours—to ameliorate their condition and to add to their hap- piness. (The noble lord resumed his seat amidst loud cheers.) The Chairman then read the following list of prizes, together with the awards of the judges CLASS I.-Plotigling. f. s. 1. Evan Roderick, servant of Evan Jones, Margam 3 0 2. Thomas Howell, servant of John Simpson, Pyle 2 0 3, William Williams, servant of David Edward, Porka 1 0 4. David Thomas, servant of W. Powell, Tydraw 0 10 5. John Thomas, servant of E. Perkins, Monk- nash 0 5 CLASS 2.-Ploughing. 1. Edward Powell, son of E. Powell, Margam 2 0 2. William David, servant of W. Powell, Merthyr- mawr 1 0 3. Thomas D«vid, servant of W. Powell, Merthyr- mawr 0 10 CLASS 3.-Pigs. I. George Davies, Bridgend 1 0 2. David Morgan, Bridgend 010 3. Robert Delahay, Newcastle 0 5 CLASS 4.— Vegetables. 1. Onions-Thomas David, Colwinstone 0 10 2. Ditto-David Thomas, Newcastle 0 5 1. Carrots-David Thomas, Newcastle. 0 10 2. Ditto—Thomas David, Colwinstone 0 5 1. Leeks David Thomas, Newcastle 0 10 2. Ditto-Thomas David 0 5 1. Mangles-Da.vid Llewellin 0 10 2. Ditto-No competition 0 5 CLASS A.—Poultry.. Ducks-Mary Jenkins, 8t. Brides. 0 5 Fowls-Ditto ditto ditto 0 5 CLASS 6.-CottageS. 1. Robert Truman, Coity 3 0 2. Mary Williams, Merthyrmawr 2 0 -S CLASS 7.—Spinning- 1. No competition 1 0 2. Ditto ditto. 0 10 3. Ditto ditto. 0 5 CLASS S.-Stockings. J. Phoebe Thomas, Newcastle 1 0 2. No competition 3. Ditto ditto CLASS 9.—Married Men with Families. 1. Edward Hugh, Margam, having brought up ten children without parochial relief 3 0 John Howe, St. Brides, Major, having brought up nine children without relief 2 0 N.B.-Robert Lewis and John Howe having equal testimonials, lots were drawn, and John Howe was successful. CLASS 10.— Widows with Families. I. Elizabeth Thomas, Coity, having been a widow thirty-one years, and brought up three children without relief 2 0 2. Cecil Evan, St, Brides, Major, having been a widow twenty-four years, and brought up three children without relief. 1 0 CLASS 11 Men longest in agricultural employment. 1. Thomas Thomas, having worked at Court Isha, with Mr. Jno. Richards and late father 42 2. Dd. Benjamin! Lower Tremains, having worked with Mr. Leyshon Morgan and late father 40^ years • • ° CLASS 12—Women in Agricultural or In-door service. I. Anne Phillip, Pyle, her certificate not being correct, her clai, was wsallQwed, 2 0 2. Anne Roderick, Laleston, having lived with Mrs. Mary Lewis 19 years and 11 months 1 10 3 Eleanor Bowen, Newton, having lived with Mr. Wm. Lewis 10 years 1 0 CLASS 13. — Unmarried Farm Servants. 1. William Jonpp, hiving lived 18 years with Mr. John Richards, Court Isha 2 0 ? William Richards, having lived 11 years with Mr. Llewellyn Jones, Pantygynt 1 0 CLASS 14.—Labourers in Trade. 1. Dd. Harris, St. Brides Minor, having worked 24 years with the Earl of Dunraven 2 0 2, George Bevan, St. Brides Major, having worked 16 years with the Earl of Dunra ven 1 0 CLASS 15.—Men under 21 years of age. 1. James Davies, having lived with Mr. Randall, 8 years and II months. 2 0 '2. Jenkin Thomas, having lived with Mr. Richard Lewis, Merthyrmawr, 8 years and 7 months 1 0 CLASS Women und?.r 21 years of age. 1. Margaret Arnott, having lived with Mr. Thos. Arnott 10 years 2 0 2. Mary Watkin, having lived with Catherine Watkin, Coity, 7 years and 5 months. 1 0 CLASS 17.—Agricultural Labourers, Aged. 1. Thos. Williams, Bettws, 87 years of age 3 0 2. John llos.?er, Kenfig, 81 do. do 2 0 3. Thos. John, Bettws, 78 do. do 1 0 CLASS 18. — Hoeing Turnips. 1. Evan John, having hoed acres for Mr. Powell, Eglwysnynud 2 0 2. No competitor The first prize of £3, offered by M. P. Smith and Morgan Thomas, Esquires, fur the best cultivated farm under the rental of £50, was awarded to Richard Griffith, of Pant, in the parish of Newcastle. At the request of the chairman, Mr. Bryant sung a comic song with very good effect. The Rev. H. L. Blosse rose to propose the next toast, and in doing so urged upon all present the necessity which existed for giving the greatest publicity to the proceedings of the society from which, he said, the best effects would certainly proceed, as many would be powerfully influenced by the examples set them by those who had secured prizes. A successful competitor at their annual meetings was a marked man—had attained a certain social position, which it would be a disgrace to lose, and, therefore, he had the strongest inducement to lead a life of honesty and order. The funds of the society were iu a flourishing state; but he regretted to observe that competitors for the various prizes were not so numerous as he thought they should be, but which circumstance he attributed, in a great measure, to the want of publicity. The objects for which the society had been established were not sufficiently known, especially by that class for whose benefit it had been called into existence. Gentlemen present should make the matter known in their respective neighbourhoods, so as to bring for- ward at the next annual meeting a greater number of competitors than were observed this day. As an in- stance that the objects of the society were not familiar to the humbler classes, Mr. Blosse said that the parish clerk of Bettws, who was 87 years of age, and who had been under him (Mr. Blosse) and bis pre- decessors, clerk for 76 years, was actually not aware of the existence of the society. The poor old man was nearly deaf, and no one had mentioned it to him, till Mr. Blosse accidentally did lately, and thereby in- duced him to become a candidate for a prize of f3, which he had obtained. Mr. Blosse concluded an excellent speech by proposing Prosperity to the Bridgend Labourers' Friend Society, with three times three." (Drank with loud cheers.) The Rev. John Williams, of Marcross, proposed The healths of the. Judges," and thanked them for the trouble they had taken in behalf of the society. (Drank with loud cheers.) Mr. Whapham, of Bonvilstone, returned thanks. He had been to many ploughing matches but had never seen better ploughing than upon this occasion. (Cheers.) David Thomas, Esq., of Pwllywrach, in a very neat speech, proposed The hea!ths of the successful can- didates." (Drank with loud cheers.) Richard Franklen, Esq., of Clemenstone, said he had the honour of proposing the next toast, which was that of The Agricultural interest")-cheers)-hut closely connected as he and those around were with that interest, it would appear as if he proposed Our noble selves"—(laughter)—and, therefore, he would add to it an interest which was so intimately blended with agriculture, that it would not be well to separate them. He referred to the manufacturing and com- mercial interest of this county. (Cheers.) He had, therefore, great pleasure in proposing The Agricul- tural, Manufacturing, and Commercial interests," at a time when all three were in a state of unbounded prosperity. (Cheers.) The prosperity of agriculture, as regarded prices, was of a very evanescent charac- ter; and they must all prepare for much lower prices than they at present enjoyed. (Hear, hear.) He felt very confidently that they might perfectly well do so. He believed that scarcely a day passed without some new discovery being made which was applicable to agriculture—calculated to promote its prosperity. (Cheers.) He hoped and trusted, that agriculturists would be enabled to meet the demands of the com- munity at large by supplying abundance of food at much lower prices, but also at a good profit to them- selves. (Hear.) He also rejoiced in the prosperity of the labourer, and was most happy to observe that there were prospects of a long season of prosperity for that class. The toast which Mr. Franklen named was then drank with loud cheers. The Rev. John Harding proposed as the next toast "the healths of the Honorary Secretaries"—Mr, Randall and Mr. D. Lewellin—who were, he said, the life and soul of the society, and without whom it could not exist. (Drank with great cheering.) The Chairman then rose, and said he had to pro- pose the health of a most important class in this county—a class which had to struggle through many difficulties, and which deserved the greatest encou- ragement. The individuals who composed the class to which his lordship alluded were generally well known, and, therefore, the toast required no words of praise from him. He begged, then, to give the healths of the little farmers of Glamorgan." (Great cheering.) The Rev. Robert Knight said he had looked round the tables in vain to search for a smaller farmer than he himself was, and, therefore, it gave him great pleasure upon this occasion to rise and return thanks for the small farmers. (Cheers.) There was a time when he should have sat down when the health of the great farmers was drank, but now, as he was only the occupier of eight acres of land, he thought he was entitled to return thanks on behalf of the little farmers. (Hear.) In doing so, he would take the liberty of giving the company the history of a very small farm, in the hope that something might be gathered from it, to induce great farmers to follow the example of the little one who was now addressing them. It was not necessary that he should state to many of his friends present that it was impossible to get a return from land, whether a farm was large or small, without properly and judiciously feeding that land (hear); and, if that were done, he was quite sure that most little farmers might make a much better show at the end of the year than, he feared, a great many now did. (Hear.) During the last year he had been, as he before stated, the occupier of eight acres of land. He took it into his own occupation on the 2nd of February, and for this reason-he could get nobody else to take it. He had offered those 8 acres to any one who would please to take them at the large rent of £ 8 per annum (laughter), but could not get a tenant. (Hear.) This farm of eight acres consisted of two 4-acre fields, both adjoining the burrows, and being sandy land. He had the land ploughed, and put in one field some of the best seed barley he could get. As soon as the barley began to appear, he dressed half the field with six hundred weight of urate, and the other half with two hundred weight of guano. The result of that dressing had been most satisfactory and gratifying to him, as the crop was certainly extraordinary, the ellects of the dressing being almost instantaneous. (Hear.) That crop of barley was reaped early, and housed in good time. It was threshed and he had since sold it. He thought it amounted to about 150 bushels (hear, hear); and it was sold to a most respectable maltster at 4s. 6d. per bushel. In the other four acres he had set vetches and carrots, having previously drilled it at about 25 inches apart with a small quantity of guano and sifted wood ashes. They came up well, and a sample of the carrots had been exhibited this day. The quantity in the field could not be less than from 12 to 14 tons per acre, which, if sold at the fair price of 50 shillings per ton, would yield a good return for his outlay. (Hear.) The crop of vetches had been equally heavy. Mr. Knight then, after a few further remarks, read the following "statement of EXPENSES and RETURN unnn 8 i acres of land I £ s. d. EXPENSES. t..S.d. To rent, tithe, and taxes for all the land—8| acres 12 0 0 Ploughing acres twice for barley, at 7 s. 6d. per acre 3 7 6 Dragging and harrowing do..••• •••• Seed barley—14 bushels, at 5s •••• Drilling do., at 3s. 6d., per acre 1 ir n Six cwt. of urate, at 6s. • • Three cwt. of guano, at 12s.» •••• o 0 0 Cutting and harvesting .••• Ploughing the four acres for vetches and carrots, twice, at 7s. 6d. per acre o 0 0 Dragging, scuffling, harrowing, &c • • • • Jr Two cwt. of guano for carrots .• ~.r> « Sifting ceal ashes and mixing •••• n o n Six lb. of seed, at Is. 6d. per lb. q n Hoeing the carrots, three times, at 12s. per acre •> •* Forty cart loads of dung for the two acres of vetches, and haulage 4 ? !? Seven bushels of seed vetches, at 7s. 6d. per bushel.. 256 H I 9 TUP. RETURN. £ S. d. By produce of the 4) acres of barley, 150 bushMs, 'soil at 4s. Oil. p-r bushel ,"»3 15 0 X.B.—The cost of grass & clover seed is not clvirgo-l, as the present appearance of the clovpr on the 1awl is fully equal to it, and the value of the straw will more than pay for the threshing. The carrots are a very good crop and at a. very low computation may be put at 10 tons per acre, which, at 50 shillings per ton, will amount to '>0 0 0 The vetches have maintained six horses for three months, which, at 4s. per week for each horse, will r. amount to 1 1 « O Remainder on the field sold for 2 10 0 Total return 100 13 0 From which deduct expenses 7 I Loaves a clear profit of £ 57 5 3 Mr. Knight then proceeded, and said he cultivated the piece of land in question merely to show wha' could be done. It was quite clear that if farmers went on cropping and cropping year after year without putting any manure upon the land, their return inste td of averaging 28 bushels of wheat per acre, which it ought to average, would fall to 18 or 19 bushels, (Hear.) Every well managed farm ought to maintain itself in manure; but until the land which was now impoverished could be reclaimed, the farmer should use artificial manures. It was impos- sible for rates and taxes to be paid from the present system of fanning. (Hear.) As he ha 1 before stated, a good farm could maintain itself if the pro- duce were not sold off the land. It should be con- sumed on the land by stock, and proper care should be taken of manure of every kind, because everything was manure from their stockings to their horses' shoe parings. (Hear.) Instead of wasting their manure, letting it run out, it should be taken care of. Artifi- cial manures must be used until farmers could get a sufficient quantity of manure from the farm. L:ttle farmers now saw what could be done by judicious exertion on a small quantity of ground. He was quite sure thaf farms in general were too large, and that it was much better to have 20 acres well cultivated than 30 acres only half cultivated. He had farmed largely, but he had never made so much money in his lite as he had by his farm of this year. (Loud Cheers.) William Llewellyn, Esq., of Court Colman, pro- posed as the next toast, The Ladies," which toast was drank in sohmn silence; or. to put the best appearance upon the man, we may say—"drank with the most respectful silence. Much to the credit of Mr. Richards ef Court Aberavon, be it known that he emphatically protested against this want of gallantry to a few friends who sat near him, but his voice was lost in the din of the meeting. The Rev. John Harding said that as he held a farm of two acres he claimed to be related to that gentle- man who farmed eight acres (laughter.) and in the name of all farmers of from two to eight acres to re- turn thanks to Mr. Knight for that elucidation which he had just given, and which, if it proved true, would be the greatest blessing to this country. (Laughter.) He (Mr. Harding) really thought that if they only took half of what Mr. Knight told them -suppose they took only £ 30 upon such a farm they ought to congratulate themselves warmly. (Laughter.) He held two acres, but he was ashamed to confess that he had not got even f5 by them he was now determined not to give them up-to take two more—to make another attempt in the hope of realizing something like the profit which Mr. Knight had pocketed. (Laughter.) They were all deeply indebted to that gentleman for his statement, and especially for his exposition of what was and what was not manure (laughter); but he recoltected.-every tlung- was manure, from their shoes and stockings to the parings of theirhorses' shoes. (Loud laughter.) He had enlarged upon the excellencies of manure; and as it produced such astonishing results the far- mers of this neighbourhood ought to avail themselves freely of it. There was nothing like the dung of old cattle (much laughter:) it was the best manure in the world and he hoped farmers would take it away at once (renewed laughter) as it would prove of much more service to them than it did to the unfortunate inhabitants. (Great laughter.) Manure abounded from Heol-y-Cawl [Broth-street,] to Heol-y-Domen [Dunghill-street, which was however most appro- priately designated. (Immense laughter.) After hearing the statements made by Mr. Knight which were in every respect so perfectly satisfactory, he thought the company should not hesitate a moment, but proceed after drinking his (Mr. Knight's) health, together with that of all farmers of from two to eight acres, to act upon his suggestions which he had so clearly put forth. (Drank amidst shouts of laughter, in which Mr. Knight heartily joined.) The Rev. Robert Knight rose amidst great laughter and cheering to return thanks to Mr. Harding, for his very able and amusing speech and to the co:n- pany for the very friendly manner in which they had drank his health. He was very fond of farming— [Mr. Harding: You may well be; (laughter)—and it gave him (Mr. Knight) great pleasure to be able to pick up information upon the subject, whether by reading or by practice. Sometimes he picked up a little that pleased his fancy. 1 Mr. Harding: You have just picked up £ 60. (Immense laughter.) Mr. Knight, after a brief pause, proceeded to point out that the old system of farming would do no longer—that farmers must put manure upon their land instead of liming, liming, liming continually. Lime was like calomel-an admirable medicine in some cases, if well and judiciously administered, but 'let', ion- most dangerous in the hands of unskilful practition- ers. In that neighbourhood lime was the worst thing they could put upon the land, and he hoped farmers would abandon a system which only tended to im- poverish them The rev. gentleman then proposed the health of Mr. Jarratt," who, although he had left the county, still continued his subscription to the society, of which he was also the originator. (Drank with loud cheers.) The Chairman rose, and, after a few good-natured remarks upon Mr. Knight s speech, gave as the last toast—"our next merry meeting;" after which the company separated, highly pleased with the proceed- ings of the evening, which were throughout, under the admirable presidency of the noble lord, of the most spirited and instructive description. When his lordship left the room, every one present rose and gave three hearty cheers
FIRST MEETING OF THE ABERGAVENNY…
FIRST MEETING OF THE ABERGAVENNY AND CRICKHOWELL HORTICULTURAL AND FLORICULTURAL SOCIETY. j THE ORDINARY Wes held at the Angel, a house that on every occa- sion exhibits a good dinner, and mine host, by the ample board he spread, and the delicacies he exhibit- ed for the entertainment of his guests added to his fame on this. F. H. Williams, Esq., the worthy President, filled the chair; the vice-chair was occupied by E. Y. Steele, Esq. All the gentlemen of the committee attended as well as many others from the town and neighbourhood. The dessert was excellent, and additions were made to it by the liberality of many exhibitors, who sent to the feast the fruits they brought for the show. Pine-apples were generally bestowed by Han- bury Leigh, Esq., Pont-y-pool Park, and cherries and peaches by Mr. Luke Adams, of Chepstow. After the cloth was removed and the fruits treated by the dining party more roughly than those present at the exhibition, the Chairman proposed that toast most dear to English ears. Our gracious Queen." (Responded to as it deserves.) "Prince Albert and the Prince of Wales," (Simi- laily honoured.) The Queen Dowager, and the rest of the Royal Family." (Drank with enthusiasm.) The Army and Navy." (Three times three.) The Bishop of the Diocese." The Members for the County." The Members for the Boroughs." Thomas Jones, Esq., then rose and said that he had a toast to propose which he had no doubt would be greeted with all the enthusiasm of attachment. It was the health of a gentleman who was ever foremost in doing good to the town and neighbourhood. He alluded to their worthy and respected Chairman- (loud cheers)—Ferdinand Hanbury Williams, Esq —(Great applause.) F. H. Williams, Esqr., m acknowledging the toast said he felt obliged for the very handsome manner in which the company had drunk his health. He could assure them that in accepting the office of President of their society he could not but feel regret that it was not filled by some individual better calculated than he, to perform its duties. He always felt gratified when he thought he could be of service in forwarding the interests of those around him. (Hear.) But he felt proud in being connected with this society, chiefly because it gave employment to the honest industry of the cottager. (Cheers) The society had a truly great object as a moving principle, it expanded the mind and made it capable of understanding, appreci- ating, and loving the beauties of nature. (Loud applause.) Such beauties as the town and neighbour- hood of Abergavenny was adorned with. (Cheers.) It not only gave the inhabitants of the town the pleasure of meeting their friends, but it also opened to their view a scene which probably they otherwise would not witness. (Cheers J He remembered that some years ago they had a Horticultural and Flori- cultural society in existence, in connexion with the town of Abergavenny, but owing to the jealousy and dissatisfaction of some of the gardeners and others who competed for prizes, it declined amd became extinct: he trusted an institution started under such favourable auspices as the present would not meet with the same fate. (Hear.) But be the means of reflecting wis3, extensive, and permanent good. (Cheers.) He concluded by proposing Prosperity and a long existence to the Abergavenny and Crick- howell Horticultural and Floricultural Society. (Drunk with cheers.) Touchett Davies, Esq., said, the toast he was about to propose he had no doubt would be heartily responded to by many who were at the table at least. Among the good filings before them was a noble pine- apple, the gift of the Lord Lieutenant of the County. (Hear.) He would propose the health of Capcl Han- bury Leigh, Esq., Lord Lieutenant of Monmouth- shire. (Loud cheers.) Thomas Jones, Esq., rose to propose the health of a gentleman who had contributed more than any other individual to the dessert they had so much enjoyed, and had sent the largest quantity of fruits to the exhibition, as well as flowers, to compete for the prizes, and he had succeeded in gainmg more prizes than any one else. He knew the toast would be received with three cheers. He proposed the health of Sir Benjamin Hall, Bart., of Lianover. (Three cheers.) The Chairman said, they had received the last toast with so much pleasure that he would rise to give them the health of those gentlemen from the neighbouring counties, who had so liberally given their money and assistance to the society. (Hear.) He proposed the health of Joseph Bailey, Esq., of Glanusk Park, (Drunk with loud cheers.) The Vice-president said, though they had done admirably well in nosers, yet the chief ornaments of the show had been those respected, numerous and beautiful ladies, who had honoured it with their attendance. (Cheers.) All things considered they might esteem themselves specially favoured in the rank and numbers of the fair sex who had that day graced their meeting. (Cheers.) He would give "The Ladies." (9 times 9.) T. Jones, Esq., said, some of his friends had requested him to return thanks for the last toast. (Laughter.) He found himself incompetent to do so; but instead would give a toast that every one present, he had no doubt, would respond to with the warmest expressions of approbation, Lady Hall and Miss Hall." (Loud cheers.) The Chairman said, there was one class who had contributed in no small degree to the pleasures of the day. He hoped they would continue to be useful in their sphere, and cultivate industrious habits, and that they would in every future meeting again appear before the society; he alluded to the cottagers. (Cheers.) He would propose "The Cottagers of England." (Three cheers.) Touchett Davies, Esq., said the Chairman had just alluded to parties who were useful to the Society. Mr. Sanders had just mentioned the name of a lady who had desired him to put her name down on the cottagers prize, at every show list; (hear) he would propose the health of that lady, Mrs. Bailey of Glanusk Park. (Three cheers.) The Chairman then said he had a worthy friend present who had an excellent nursery, and whose shrubs and flowers were always ready for the use of public occasions of this description free of expense, (hear) and who is held in the highest esteem by all who knew him. He alluded to Mr. James Saunders. Received with great applause. Mr. Saunders rose, and said, he thanked the gen- tlemen present for drinking his health with so much cordiality, it was a happy moment in his life (cheers). He felt happy that they had considered him of having been of service to the Horticultural Society. As regards what he had done, he felt as a member of the society, he had done no more than his duty, and he was thankful they had been gratified with his per- formance (cheers) He had frequently been asked bv gentlemen in this and the adjoining counties with whom he had been in the habit of doing business, why a society similar to the one whose first exhibition the had .just witnessed was not in existence. He had always wished that gentlemen of influence in the dis- trict around them should first open the subject, and finding no one willing to step forward he had been induced to make an effort (hear) and he was happy to add had received the most liberal encouragement from every one he had appÏed to, indeed, in no in- stance had he been refused (cheers.) He was glad to find the meeting had passed off so pleasantly, nothing seemed to have been wanting to make up the sum of pleasuie (hear) ever to be derived from a meeting of the character they had that day attended. He felt proud of the honour they had done him, and assured them that not only his shrubs and flowers, but his best exertions were ready for any show that will in future take place (cheers). William Ellis, Esq., said he had another toast to propose. They were deeply indebted to those who had done so much towards beautifying the Hall, as was evidenced by the taste and skill displayed in the fo-mationof the elegant device they had that aft.er- noon witnessed (hear). He would give the health of the Gardeners of the Gentry in the neighbourhood — Price, Esq., of Triley Cottage, then gave the gentlemen of the Committee, who had so nobly exerted themselves that day (three times three). E. Y. Steele, Esq., begged to return thanks for the kind manner in which they had responded to the last toast. The only object of the Company had been to do justice to all parties. (Hear, hear). And he hoped that the rewards of the judges had given satisfaction to all parties. (Hear.) He would state the difficul- ties under which the Committee laboured. Early in the morning its members had been in attendance at the Hall, but owing to the delay of the respective competitors in bringing in the flowers and fruit, they were much pressed for time, it was only a short time previous to the opening of the room that they ap. peared, and then they came all at once, and it required great exertion on the part of the Committee to manage as well as they had done. Too much praise could not be given to Mr. Sanderson and his gardeners who were indefatigable in their exertions from the com- mencement to the close of the proceedings. (Cheers.) Should it happen that some of the best things had not gotten the best prizes, it was no fault of the judges or commit! if anv were dissatisfied with the decision of the judges, they should take a liberal view of the case, and reflect that no man is a fair judge of his own case. The labours of the Committee had been by no means easy, but they were made so by the zeal they all felt for the public advantage. (Cheers.) He trusted if any individual was dissatisfied with the re- wards, he would consider the labours of the com- mittee, and acrjuit them at least of partiality. (Hear.) He thought it right to state those things, that the real state of the case should be impressed on the minds of the competitors. (Hear.) He assured them the Committee would be always ready to use their best exertions at any future meeting of the Abergavenny and Crickhowell Horticultural Society. (Cheers.) T. Jones, Esq., said that the judges were gentle- men whose characters were sufficient guarantee for their impartiality, and he himself could attest that in this case they had taken every care to give a proper reward. He concluded by proposing the healths of the judges, W. Steele and G.Jones, Esquires, and the Rev. Mr. Oxenden. (Drunk with cheers.) The Chairman said, there was a gentleman, who, though absent on the occasion took a lively interest in the prosperity of the association, he would give the health of Mr. West, Vice-President of the Society. (Loud and continued cheering.) The Vice-President begged to propose the health of their indefatigable Secretary, (cheers) Mr. Cornelius Lloyd. As one of the committee he could bear witness to the value of his exertions, and he felt convinced the toast would be received with the honours it deserved. (Cheers) Drank with musical honours. C. Lloyd, Esq., in rising, appeared so deeply im- pressed with the acclamal by which he was greeted, that he was almost powered by his feel ings. He said he thought it the duty of every one to^rlo what he could for the puh!ic good, and for that reason he did not refuse the office of Secretary to their society. (Hear.) Nature had done much for Aber- gavenny, and he thought that of itself ought to give an impulse to the extension of Horticulture. (Hear.) He must truly say he was unused to pubhc speaking, and could only assure the meeting that he returned them his sincere thanks for the very cordial and flattering manner in which they had drunk his health. "(Cheers.) Doctor Batt called for a bumper to the health of a gentleman who would let the world know the good their society was producing. He alluded to Doctor Reynolds, and with his health he would join that of Mr. White, who attended the meeting for the same purpose. (Drunk with three times three.) Doctor Reynolds amused the company with a very humorous speech, and concluded by proposing the health of Captain Stretton and the Hon. Mrs. Stret- ton, which was most enthusiastically received. The health of Mr. Win. Saunders," The legal profession," F. C. Batt, Esq., and the medical pro- fession," The Vice-President," Mrs. Williams, of Coldbrook Park," were given and responded to. Many excellent songs were sung—" Here's a health to the Queen," by R. M. Clark, Esq., (encored.) There was a time," W. Ellis, Esq. Fill the Gob- let again," W. Morgn, Esq. After which the party separated, we have no doubt to meet in still greater numbers at the next Horticultural Show.—Monmouth- shire Beacon,
4FTRTI0CRLLIIITFETT& COTTAGE GAnnKxs BILL.—A writer in the Ilhrrl.: Lane Express observes—"This Cottage Gardens Bill is one of those provisions which, when a labourer is thrown out of work, prevents him from being thrown out cf hope or thrown into prison. A work- house is a prison, call it what name you may. You may get liberty, it is true, but only at the risk 0: starvation. The Cottage Gardens Bill saves the labourer from this horrible alternative; it does more. it gives him property of his own, and hence makes him conservative of the property of others; it does more, it employs those idle hours that would be spent at a fceer-shop concocting poaching, or something worse, in proyiding for a wife and family, when the demand for labour is scarce and the wages of labour small; it does more, it keeps young per- sons of both sexes at home, under the eye of then- parents, instead of forcing them into the association of those "strange bed-fellows" with whom poverty or theponr-hoase proverbially makes them acquainted. It may not be uninteresting to add a few statistics from the article in the JVew Quarterly Review, to which we have referred, on a matter which has been greatly misrepresented by the free-trade party, viz,, the alleged incapability of Great Britain to iraintain, at no very remote period, its population, at the pre- sent ratio of increase. We discover that in Flanders, which in many of its agricultural features resembles England, the population amounts to 507 the square mile, in the Pays de Vaud to 658, Holland, to 284, while England contains but 2/0. Jersey possesses but 40,000 acres of soil, with 47,540 inhabitants, and the Canton of Zurich 300,000 to 175,000 souls, 2^ acres to every individual; while Great Britain, with 77,394,433 acres, has a population of 26,000,000, or more than three acres to every soul. Mr. Alison may well exclaim, 'Humanity would have no cause to regret an increase of the numbers of the species, which should cover the plains of the world with the husbandry of Flanders, or its mountains with the peasantry of Switzerland;' thus clearly demonstrating that unless the climate and soil of England be far less favourable to agricultural pursuits than those of the above-mentioned countries, which nobody ventures to assert, we have still 'room and verge enough' to maintain our increasing population. It is now generally admitted that there are not less than five millions of acres of land uncultivated and readily cultivable in England and Wales, besides immense tracts of a similar nature in Ireland and Scotland; estimating the produce of this land at two quarters and four bushels per acre, it would give twelve mil- lions and a half of quarters of corn, but the annual average of foreign corn imported is less than three millions of quaiters; therefore it is obvious, where the soil of England cultivated as it should be, millions of human beings might yet be added to our popula- tion, aud our soil be able to support them. SWANSEA AND DULAIS VALES IRON AND COAL COMPANY.—At a time when railways are about to be established thick and threefold, the idea of creating a large and capacious set of iron works, under the con- duct of a powerful Joint Stock Company, is not bad. On the contrary, it evinces a spirit of provident enter- prise that is very commendable in point of national utility, and clear-sightedness in respect of securing profit to parties who are spirited enough to engage in it; at least we hope that the latter will derive a benefit; they deserve it, and the concern seems calculated to render it. There can lie no doubt, whatever may be the proceedings in Parliament during the next and the following sessions, that a very large supply of iron will be required, more, we imagine, than this country has ever before at any period of its history had necessity for. If, then, the supply be restricted, or confined to a few, the interests of the country and of railway proprietors stand a good chance of being severely injured by an increased price for that ma- terial being demanded. AY hen we say an increased, we mean an undue and extravagant increase of price; we all know by experience what iron masters are— that thfir conduct, when they have you in their power, is of the same character as their metal—hard, close, and unbending. Therefore, the establishment of an additional set of extensive iron-works will not only add materially to the general supply, but is calculated to check in a great measure—being conducted by a public Joint Stock Company—any unfair dealing that may be attempted. Punch," who, although a very amusing and general dealer in the ridiculous, is a very useful and acute fellow, says in a recent number, "Parliament bids you to execute your contracts in a certain short period of years, or months almost. You must have the iron in that time, and do you think the iron masters will spare you ? The intention is to establish large iron works on a district lying be- tween the Swansea and Dnlais Valleys, for which purpose the Hendreladis, Drim, and other estates have been offered to the Company. Mr. G. C. Manby reports that these estates are capable of furnishing a large supply of the mineral, which it is the object of the Company to seek, as well as to manufacture into metal. He thinks that there is sufficient mineral contained in those properties, (which, by the by, are situated in the neighbourhood of some of the most abundantly supplied and successful iron-works in the kingdom, and which contains "upwards of three square miles of minerals in a ring fence,") to supply an establishment equal to that of Sir John Guest, or Messrs. Craw.-hays, for sixty years," or capable of producing a total quantity of upwards of 5,000,000 tons of iron. He goes on to say, which we think worth quoting, that by means of the proposed works, Pig-iron may be produced on this estate, at from 42s. to 46s. per ton, according to the price of wages and the cost of delivery from Hendreladis to Swansea is less than 3s." Messrs. P. Richard, E. Thomas, and W. Brough, have also reported favourably re- specting the capacity of the undertaking. In 1825, the produce of the United Kingdom was 531,000 tons of iron; but from that period to 1840 the demand rapidly increased, and was supplied by bringing into play large mineral districts, till then unoccupied,— Scotland, North Wales, and the anthracite district of South Wales. In 1840, the make was 1,396,000 tons. The increase in the demand which led to that increase of produce was by no means equal to the one which must presently ensue; and, unfortunately, the means of increasing the supply are now, perhaps, in comparison, limited. The mineral districts of Great Britain, it is said, are almost all occupied and worked to their full extent by the present establish- ments. Mineral surveyors calculate that the Black- band iron-stone of Scotland will not continue to sup- ply the present furnaces for more than twenty-two years. In Staffordshire, we are told, the mines are becoming exhausted. A large number of the works that could otherwise extend their make, are held by lessees whose leases expire in a few years, and who, consequently, cannot afford to go to the expense of enlarging their works. These circumstances appear to us to show the utility of the above undertaking, as well as the power it possesses in itself of ample remu- neration.—Railway Journal. THE IRON TRADE.—During the last week the usual quarterly meetings of the ironraasters of the South Staf- fordshire aud Shropshire districts were held; that on Thursday, in our own Town-hall, was looked to with Unusual interest, as at the Wolverhampton meeting on Wednesday little was iluue beyond the interchann-eofordi- nary, but on this occasion, rather more cordial greetings between the members ot the trade and their customers. The question of price seemed to be rather avoided than discussed, and a pretty general impression prevailed that no open avowal of an advance beyond that of 20s. per ton which took place during the last quarter, would be made, although it was well known that private bargains, made with strong induenmpnts to the sellers, were in progress. Various conferences took place on Thursday morning, and a sort of coqueting was kept up, which made the general meeting in the Town-hall unusually late—at one o'clock there being scarcely tnore th;¡3 twenty persons present. The Shropshire masters generally expressed a wish to keep the price firm as. it wns; but in the course of the dav it became known that several of the large Staffordshire makers would not take contracts for the quarter at the then price, the advance was consequently at once agreed to,and large transactions took pl-ic;1, hut even of these few exten- ded to contracts for the quarter, hut were bargains for spe- cific quantities, either in stock or to be shortly delivered. The low state of the stocks, however, limited even these dealings, and when large quantities were required, conces- sions on the part. 01 the buyers were inevitable. In the course of the day it transpired that an agreement had been entered into for ten thousand tons of rails at £ 1:l per ton; which, allowing rails to be 3?,.¡. per ton above the price of bars, would make the pnce for merchant iron in this case tobejElO 10s., or 10s. above the advanced price agreed upon. It may, therefore, he stated that the advance was fully sustained. rl he iron trade may, consequently, be considered at the present time as in a most prosperous con- dition; but the effect of the advance upon the manufac- tures of the district in their competition with foreign productions, does not aflfurd so cheerful a subject for con- templation, as the derangement of prices for orders on hand tends materially to unsettle the foreign trade. The effect upon the workmen of a general advance is no less injurious, as it leads, and not without Justice, to a demand for increased Wildes iu the several departments of the col- liery, the furnace, and the forge. These demands are accompanied by a temporary suspension of industry, and even when complied with, tend but in few cases to promote the comfort of the families of the operatives. Enlarged means cf indulgence too frequently lead to an increase to time being required for spending them, and thus, even a higher price being paid for labour does not secure an in- creased supply- The education of the working classes, & its consequence—their increased intelligence- .can alone lead to that idenlifiealion of their interests with the masters, which will tend to that full and energetic co-operation which alone can ensure, eveu under favourable circumstances, permanent and general prosperity, ■—Birmingham Gazette.
Wile Ciiurrii The Lord Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol his appointed the Rev. Thomas Murray Brown?, M.A., vicar of Standish and honorary canon in Gloucester Cathedral, rural dean of the deanery of Gloucester, vacant by the resignation of the Rev. Henrv Parsons. The Rev. Alexander Grant, late curate of Weston- sub-Edge, Gloucestershire, has been instituted, by the Lord Bishop of Salisbury, to the rectory of Manningford Bruce, Wilts—value £300 per annum. The Rev. John Edward Jackson Clerk, M.A., has been instituted, by the Lord Bishop of the diocese, to the rectory of Leigh de la Mere, otherwise Seaving- ton, in the county of Wilts, and diocese of Gloucester and Bristol, vacant by the death of the Rev. John Lewis Bythesea, the last incumbent. Patron, Joseph Neeld, Esq., of Grittleton House, in the county of Wilts. On the 17th ult., the Rev. Robt. Cave Wood Col- lins, M.A., was licensed by the Lord Bishop of tleieford to the perpetual curacy of the new Church of All Saints, at Bishop's Wood, Herefordshire. The Bishop of Salisbury has given the valuable vicarage of South Brent, Somerset, to his brother, the Rev. George Antony Denison. The Rev. W. H. Tremlow, M.A., has been insti- tuted to the rectory of Babcary, Somerset. Dr. Jelf, of King's College, is spoken of as likely to be the new Bishop of Bath and Wells. The Ecclesiastical Board has received applications for the enlargement of 244 Churches in Ireland this year, to accommodate increased congregations. On Thursday week, the Lord Bishop of Salisbury consecrated the Church at Tarrant Gunviile, Dorset, which has been rebuilt. It is a beautiful building, in the Gothic style, the windows in the chancel being of stained glass. Cnuncn OF ST. MARTIN.—The first Sabbath service in this new edifice was celebrated on Sunday last. In the morning the Lord Bishop of the diocese and the Very Rev. the Dean officiated in the commu- nion service. The prayers being read by the vicar, a most impressive and appropriate sermon was deli- vered by the Bishop, who took his text from the 122nd Psalm, "I was glad when they said unto me, let us go into the house of the Lord." His lordship. assisted by the dean, afterwards administered the Holy Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. It was grati- fying to witness so large an attendance of worshippers. In the evening the whole of the duty was discharged by the vicar, who preached from the 9th chapter of the 1st Book of Kings, part of the 3rd verse, "I have hallowed this house, which thou hast built, to put my name there for ever." The Triennial Visitation of the Lord Bishop of Llandaff, was held last week, at Monmouth. A most eloquent discourse was preached on the occasion, by the Rev. George Roberts, B.A., vicar of Monmouth. The parishioners of Axminster have entered into a subscription for the purpose of purchasing a piece of plate to be presented to the Rev. W. Hunt, M.A., who has officiated as assistant Minister during the long absence of the Vicar. CONVERTS TO ROMANISM.—It is fully expected that several of the late converts will seek a return to the bosom of the Anglo-Catholic Church. The Rev. Mr. Sibthorp has already returned, and is now resi- dent near Winchester, anxious to resume active ministerial functions. The Rev. Charles Seager a'so deplores his secession, and will seek peace of mind in union with the Church. His heart yearns for participation in ministerial duties, from which, as a married man, he is debarred in the Church of Home. Mr. Capes, also, like Mr. Sibthorp, went over too suddenly, flying from one position of zeal and love to another-he will return. At all events this is ap- parent—that in every case of conversion to Rome there has been some note of singularity or irregular haste in the converted.—Globe. OTTEKY ST. MARY.—Sir John Kennaway, Bart., the Lord of the Manor, having munificently given a site for the purpose at the West Hill, there was, on Monday week, laid thefirst stone of a new Church, being the third in this parish in the last seven years. The weather was unfavourable, but the attendance very numerous; and the ceremony was performed by the Hon. Mr. Justice Coleridge. The prayers di- rected to be used on such occasions were read by the Rev. Dr. Cornish, Vicar of Ottery; and the learned Judge having adjusted the stone, proceeded to address the spectators in language of affectionate earnestness. For the support of this Church Sir John Kennaway charges his estates with a rent-charge of £ 10 per an- num in aid of the endowment. The building is to be in the early English style, and calculated to contain 133 adults and 56 children. All the sittings being free and unappropriated for ever. The Rev. C. Kennett Bailey, Rector of Weybriuge, Surrey, and Acrise, Kent, has been presented to the rectory of Copford, Essex, vacant by the decease of the Rev. Gervas Holmes, M.A. The Queen has appointed the Rev. John Giffard Ward, M.A., to the Dean of the Cathedral Church of Lincoln, void by the death of Dr. George Gordon, late Dean thereof.— Gazette. THE CIJRKGY ACCD RAILROAD SPECULATORS.— This subject has attracted the attention ot the Lord Bishop of Exeter, and the following is given as a copy of a letter addressed by his lordship to those clergymen with cure of souls in his diocese, whose names appear in the lists of provisional committees of railway companies :— Bishopstowe, October 2nd, 1845. Dear Sir—Without the slightest intention of ascribing any improper purpose to you, I scruple not to call your at- tention to 1 and 2 Vie. c. 105, s. 29, 30. I think that the words dealing for gain or proiii,' in the 2Uth sec., taken in conjunction with t'ie exemption in favour of Benefit Society, and Fire or Life Insurance Company in the 30th sec. may be held to bring railroad companies within the provision of the statute, and therefore that the being members of the provisional committees might possibly expose clergymen to the penalty of the statute. I am, dear sir, yours sincerely, 11. EXETER." CL.ERGYMF.N SHAREHOLDERS IN IT.ULUOADS The question, whether clergymen can traffic in railway shares, has now been brought before the public, and the following provisions of the act passed in 1838, entitled, "An Act to Abridge the Holding of Benefices in Plurality, and to make better Provision for the Residence of the Clergy," are considered as conclusive on thematter. The importance of the subject demands that the clauses should be known. Sec. 29. And be it enacted that it shall not be lawful for any spiritual person holding any such cathedral pre- ferment, benefice, curacy, or lectureship, or who shall be licensed or allowed to perform such duties as aforesaid by himself or any other for him, or to his use, to engage in or carryon any trade or dealing for gain or profit, or to deal in any goods, ware, or merchandise, unless in any case in which sach trading or dealing shall have been or shail be carried 011 by or on behalf of any number of partners ex- ceeding the number of six, or in any case in which any trade or dealing shall have devolved or shall devolve upon any spiritual person, or upon any other person for him, or to his use, under or hy virtue of any devise, bequest, inhe- ritance, intestacy, settlement, marriage, bankruptcy, or insolvency, but in none of the foregoing excepted cases shall it be lawful for auypeison to act as a director or ma- naging partner, or to carry on suchtradeordeahngasafore- said in person." Sec. 30. Provided always and be it enur. te that nothing hereinbefore contained shall subject to any penalty or forfeiture any spiritual person for keeping a school or seminary, or acting as a schoolmaster or tutor or instructor, or being in any manner concerned or engaged in giving instruction or education for profit or reward, t'f for buying or selling, or doing any other thing in relu.ioa to the management of any such school, seminary, or em- ployment; or to any spiritual person whatever for the buying of any goods, wares, or merchandises, or articles of any description, which shall without fraud be bought with intent at the buying thereof to be used by the spiritual person bu) ing the same for his family or in his household; and after the buying of any such goods, war s, or chandises, or articles, selling the same again, or any part* thereof, which such person may not want or choose to keep, although the same shall he sold at au advanced price be- yond that which might have been given for the same, or for disposing of any books or other works to or by raemis of any bookseller or publisher, or for beiag- a mani»»ei-, director, partner, or shareholder in any benefit society, or fire or lile assurance company, by whatever name or di'sig- nation such society may have been constituted, or for acT buying or selling again for gain or profit of any cattle or corn, or other artiiies necessary or convenient to be bought, sold, kept, or maintained by any spiritual person, or any other person tor him or to his use, for occupation, manu- ring, improving, pasiurage, or profit of any glebe, demesne lands, or other lands or hereditaments, which may be law- fully held or occupied, possessed or enjoyed by such spi- ritual person, or any other for him or to his use, or for selling any material, the produce of mines situated in his own lands, so nevertheless that no such spiritual person fhall buy or sell any cattle or corn, or other articles as aforesaid in person, in any market, fair, or place of public sale." The next clause (the 31st) declares that a clergy- man trading for gain shall, on proof before the bishop oc his chancellor, lie suspended 4or one year for the fust otfence for a second, the suspension to be fixed hy the Court; and for a third offence, tu he deprived of his situa- tion. "Provided always, that no contract shall be dewae<» to be void by reason only of the same having been estereil into by a spiritual person trading or dealing, either solely or jointly, with any other person or persous contrary to the provisious ot this act, but every such contract may be- enforced by or against such spiritual person, either sohiiy or jointly, with any other person.or persons, its the case may be, in the sallie way as if no spiritual person had been party to such contract." SATURDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1845. Published by the sole Proprietor, HENRY WEBV,EU„ ATE his residence Charles-street, in the Parish of Sunt John the Baptist, in the Town of Cardiff and County of Glamorgan, and Printed by him at his Geaeral Printing Office in Duke-street, in the said Parish. of Saint John, iu tho Tywn and County aforesaid.