Welsh Newspapers

Search 15 million Welsh newspaper articles

Hide Articles List

10 articles on this Page








SYNOPTICAL GLANCE AT-THE RAILWAY LABOURS NOW IN HAND. Constructive operations on nearly all the new lines granted Inst session have been commenced, and will be in full operation before the close of tffe year; aff >r<!ing to the working popula- tion of the kingdom permanent supplies of winter work. The Kast Lancashire, comprehending an important <iroup of lines in the North. IS ahout to commence its works, extending from C >Ine to a junction with Leeds and Bradford. The works in con ne" ion with the SOIl! h-eastern line at Canterbury, Hams- gate, and Margate, and those on the line from Bajluon to Lewes and castings, are in active progress. The South Devon wo- ks are drawing to a close and during the Inst fortnight the masonry composlIIg the sea-wall has had to undergl) the severe test of a tremendous storm from the Sou: I.-wcst. The extension lines in connexion with the Midlands arc prt:ceed:iig, and the branches in connexion with the Birmingham xrc bein? laid Otr. The wh:stle of the locomotive will soon he heard echoing over the Lakes; whose population are now employed Oil the Kendal and Windermere and Lancaster and Carlisle. The Richmond branch of the G'eat North of England will b:; com- menced at the close of the month. The construction of f ight miles of the Edinhuri;h and Northern is to he in the hands of the contractors by Octohtr. Five mIles of the permanent way and works of the Exeter and Crediton wiH be in hand probably before the termination of October, together with 1000 tons in- stalment of the necessary iron rails. Engineers and navigators have made their appearance in seven or eight miifs of the Man- chester South Junction and Altrincham, on which there is to he a viaduct of 1000 yards. The Leeds, Dewsbury, and Manches- ter, commence operations with a continuous contract of 22 miles, embracing a viaduct over Churwell Valley; and the Newcastle and Berwick, one nf Hudson's lines, proposing to complete the international chain of railways between England and Scotland, In conjunction with the North British, takes a first stupendous s'ep in its construction of 53 miles from Etherton to Twe'!d, IIIOllth retaining fnr the purpose whole legions of labourers. The Manchester and Birmingham begin their tribulary branches of four or five miles to Ashton and Macclesfield, including en route a tunnel of 330 ya ds. The Belfast and Ballymena, Cork and Bandon, Dundaik and Enn'skillen have also commenced operation-, and will (1pen up employment for a large section of the Irish population. A large portion of the hired lahour of Wales win be called into requisition by the South Wales line from the Great Wes'ern to Fishguard and Pembroke. 182 miles by the North Wales from Porthdynllaen tn Rangor, 28 miles; by the Aberdare line near the Taff Vale, 8 miles; by the North Wales Mineral, 12 miles; and by the Monmouth and Hereford, 36 miles*by which collectively between three and four millions sterling will be expended in the district. The Wilts, Somerset, and Wev- mouth, one of the great arteries for travel through the West of England, 129 miles in length, branching off from the Great Western, with its termini at Salisbury and Weymouth, will place upwards of one million and a half at the disposal of the labour-market of that district, to w)¡jch the Berks and Hants, also a Great Western offshoot of 40 miles, will add 400,000i. more. The East Anglian lines,—iududing the Eastern Counties extensions to Cambridge, Huntingdon, and Mv, 40 miles; the Eastern Union and Bury, 26; Uie Ely and Hunt- ingdon, 22; the Lowestoft, Hi; Lynn and Derehall1, 26. Lynn and Ely, 37,—will contribute their quota to the total outlay of upwards of two million', and 162 miles of new locomotion for those districts. The Great Gflmsby and Sheffield have commenced expending, between Gainsborough and Great Grimsby, -59 miles, 600,000/ and the Hudders- field aud Manchester, 22 miles, and Huddersfield and Sheffield, 15, between their termini, 1,162,003/.—the outlay of the former being 630,000?., and of the latter 532,000/. Leeds is to have laid out on it and the districts adjacent between two and three millions sterlmg, by the construction of the Leeds, Dewsbury, and Manchester, 20 miles; Leeds and Bradford, 31; Leeds and 1 hirs-k lines, 44; giving a total new route by railway to that district of nearly 100 miles. Liverpool is to be overlaid with a complete lattice-work of new lines; preparations for .which have been cnmmenced on the Liverpool and Bury, with extensions to Bolton, Wigan and elsewhere, a length of 40 miles, at an outlay of nearly two millions. Upwards of thirty new miles of line, radiating from Manchester to the manufacturing districts of Bury: Rossendale, Heywood, and Oldham, are to be commenced, at a disbursement of one million of capital. The Nottingham and Lincoln, 33 miles, and Syston and Peterborough, 47, are to be begun in the Midland districts; who open their con- structive exchequer of one million and a half. Upwards of 150 miles of line by the Oxford and Rugby, a:sd Oxford and Worcester and Wolverhampton lines, are to be hewn out by the Great Western Railway, who have already commenced the future highway to the districts of iron and hardware, and to a uniting-point with the Grand Junction at Wolverhamp- ton the total cost being calculated at two millions. The Great Western have been more successful than any other company in their Parliamentary diplomacy last session. They obtained no fewer than eight hues, the constrne: i'H1 of which will soon he commenced,— namely, the Bristol and Exeter Branches. 29 miles, capital 5üO,OOOI.; the Monmouth and Hereford, 36 miles, capital 550,000/ the Newport and Pontypool, IS miles, capital 119 000/ the Oxford and Rugby, 50 mIles, capllal 600,000< the Oxford, Worcester, and Wol- verhampton, 103 miles, capital 1.500,000/ the South Wales, 182 miles, capital 2 800,000/ the Berks and Hants, 39 miles, capital 400,0001.; and the Wilts, Somerset, and Weymouth line, 129 miles, capital 1,500,O)ol. This gives d tOlal length of new lines to the Great Western to construct, of nearly 500 miles, and a total capital of between 7,nOD,OOOl. and 8,000.0001. If to this be added the present length the Great Western has in actual working—namely, 220 miles, including Bristol and Exeter, and Cheltenham and Oxford branches, which, with the main line, have cost 7,717,043/—it appears that, with the amount of capital to be raised for the construc- tion of the schemes sanctioned last spssion, the Great Western will have more than doubled both its capita! and tength the former, which before the close of last session was 7,717,043/ being increased to nearly 16,000,0101, and the latter, which was 2'20 miles, being increased to 72); thus placing the com- pany in possession ot a prospective dominion, exceeding by upwards of 100 mdes, Mr. Hudson's amplitude of territory. The Shrewsbary, Oswestry, and Chester, also commence their 23 miles into the mining districts, at a contemplated outlay of 410,000 *» and the South-wfi-tern. their Southamp- ton and Dorchester, b2 miles, at a cost of 500,OOOt. The Trent Valley line works, 4D miles, will commence at the Birmingham line at Hugby, and run into the Grand Junction at Stafford, at a cost of J,250,OOGI. The Wakefield, l'ontr- fract, and Goolc, wIll scatter its capital of half-a-million over 27 miles between its termini; and the extension lines round York, of about 50 miles, will be the means of circula- ting amongst its labouring clashes at least half a million. In Scotland, the Caledon;an, Aberdeen, Scottish Central, Clydes- dale J uuction, and other great routes, are already throwing li^our into the hands of the Scottish population the works on each of them having been vigorously commenced. The millions of British C¡¡¡¡Hal thus being expended are only the seeds of a great monetary harvest, that must yield millions more. The total amount of money that will be set in circu- lation and expended on the construction of these projects, is 29,000,0001. sterling.. 1 he total length of new railways to be constructed is 8 > which added to the 1,800 milos at present in opcra,1'>n' shows, that while the new lines of last session have just the old ones in length, they have about half eq,,a led them in capital the cost of con- structing the lines at present in existence having amounted to 70,000,000/. There 's every probability that the lines of the ensuing session will mil'iiply the capital of those of the pre- ceding one twice over and it would almost weary arithmetic to calculate on the multitude of men to be employed in their formation."—Morntn^ Chro»icle. BANKRUPTCY ,.Um INSOLVENCY.—A Bit!, which was ordered to be printed at the close of last session, for con- sideration during the recess, on the difficult law of bankruptcy and insolvency, was issued on Saturday last. The object of the nieasure is to afford to creditors a greater protection against fraud and wilful extravagance than at present exists, so as to turn the tide, which the framers consider has flowed in an opposite direction. The Bill contains 21 Provisions and four schedules. It is, in the first part, proposed to make the law respecting the summoning of a trader more simple in its proceedings, and not to allotV a defeat by a side wind. On certain offences being proved in bankruptcy or insolvency, the protection offered is to be withdrawn from the parties, and in cases where the result is imprisonment, an ap- plication in the first instance must be made to the Court withdrawing the protection. Pensions are to be made liable to the bankrupt laws, and a rich fund, called" The Secretary of Bankrupts' Fund," is to be made practically useful in paying the expeusea of several proceedings. It is proposed that all bills of sale which are not registered shall be void as against assignees—an open registration of such matters would be an essential service to the trading community. The effects of a deceased trader .may be ad- ministered by the Court where no executor or administra- tor has been appointed—a new mode of proceeding on the part of creditors. The provision to repeal other Acts inconsistent with the present will, to prevent difficulties, require to be better defined. The suggestions contained ir, this measure will no doubt meet with attention when further alterations are proposed in the law of bank- ruptcy and insolvency. CHURCH BUILDING ACTS.—A question is likely to arise of some difficulty respecting the appointment of Churchwardens under the Act of last session (8 and 9 Victoria, c. 70), entitled An Act for the further amend- ment of the Church Building Acts." By the 7th section it is provided that two persons shall be annually appointed Churchwardens for any new Church (without a district) already built or hereafter to be built; the first appoint- ment of such persons to take place within two calendar months after the passing ot the Act (the 31st of July last), with respect to a Church already built and conse- crated, and within two months atter the consecration of a Church to be hereafter built. One of the Church- wardens is to be appointed by the minister of the Church, and the other by the renters of the pews therein, or by the majority at a meeting to be summoned. Where there are no rented pews, the minister is authorised to appoint both. The question is, whether the election is to be confined to renters of whole pews," or whether those persons who only rent seats are to be included. There is unfortunately no interpretation clause to the Act.

BANKRUPTS. (From the London…


Shipping Jwk littelligenrr*…