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HtftceUaneotiff* VALUE OF ENGINEERS.—We hear that the price of engineers has so advanced in the market that Sir John Rennie is to have jEt,000 per week for the survey of a new line in the north. TAUNTON.—A match came off last week between Captain Price and — Moore, Esq., to leap a horse over the four turnpike gates within a given time. The horse unfortunately struck his leg in the first gate, but cleared the second in good style on approaching the third gate he refused to run, and Captain Price paid the bet, which was £20.-Sherborne Journal. The disease that has appeared in the potatoes exhibits itself in America as well as Europe but, while every post seems to announce the failure of the crop in some fresh region, suggestions for remedying or palliating the evil are almost equally abundant. Three of the superior planets of the solar system now rise between the hours of seven and ten, and appear in nearly the same quarter of the heavens. Saturn, the least bright, is in the South, at an altitude of about 20 degrees, and appears with his ring very clearly developed in a telescope magnifying 80 times two of his moons are also unusually visible. Mars, now very brilliant, is south east of the former, and about the same elevation his disc in the telescope is nearly as large as Jupiter, and has a large central mark upon it. The planet Jupiter is to the east of the two former, and his moons may be seen with a glass of very moderate power two large belts cross his disc about the centre, and it is seldom that the planet is seen without them, although they undergo changes. M ESMERISM.—A girl, named Mary Farriss, aged 14, an inmate of the Cork workhouse for two years, was pre- sented to the board on Wednesday. It appeared she had been deaf for four years, and incapable of receiving instruction in the school of the house, owing to the in- firmity. She was mesmerised last week, and to the sur- prise of all present, during the sleep, answered questions asked in the usual tone of voice. To-day she has replied to questions put in a whisper.—Cork Constitution. RECEIPT FOR LINING OLD PICTURES.—To fasten the canvasses together in lining old pictures, equal quantities of cobbler's paste and glue, applied hot, may be used a few drops of creosote should be added, to prevent vegeta- tion.—The Builder. A dreadful event occurred, two days ago. between Belluno and Feltre. Two hundred Italian soldiers were manceuvering under the command of an Austrian officer, who ordered them to cross a ruinous bridge, the passage of which had been forbidden by the local authorities on account of the danger. The bridge gave way, with the two hundred men upon it; and they fell into the river and were drowned. The officer being in advance, had reached the other side before the bridge fell in.—Letter from Venice (September 4th) in the Nouvelliste of Mar- seilles. The following horrible event occurred a day or two since. Two men who were at work in a field near Bou- logne, in the environs of Paris, with a young girl, took it into their heads to amnse themselves by tickling her feet as she lay upon the grass. The girl laughed heartily for a time, but convulsive moverftents of the chest suc- ceeded. She rose from the ground, but immediately fell again, and expired.—Galignani's Messenger. PROOF OF IDENTITY.—-Those who have attended in London for the purpose of signing the Parliamentary contract of railway companies, are aware that some evi- dence that they really are the persons they profess to be is required. A little time since the identity of a gentle- man from Banbury being questioned, he, not having about him such documents as in other cases had been sa- tisfactory, at length, irritated by the expressed doubt, offered, as a last resort, to produce the tail of his shirt, on which his name at full length might be read. THE ROYAL MATCH-MAKER.—With or without cause, Louis Philippe has got the character of a managing papa— one who is constantly manceuvering to make good mar- riages for his sons and daughters. There is probably some truth in the imputation. He is among royal fami- lies as a new coronet among our nobility he cannot feel comfortable and at home in the titled circle till intermar- riages make him confident that he is really one of them. Something of the joy of the parvenu, favoured with a visit en famille from one of the old peerage, may mingle with the natuial politeness and sociability of the King of the French in his warm receptions of our Queen—the only crowned head of real old family by whom he has as yet been tutoye. A similar impulse made Napoleon anxious to become the son-in-law of the Emperor of Austria. Better form such connexions in the persons of one's descendants, like Louis Philippe, than divorce a wife to contract one in person, as Napoleon did. But the King of the French has not the same temptation as the Emperor had for he is himseif rather too old to marry, and Napoleon was childless. If Louis Philippe looks for any more important gain from these intermar- riages than to be placed on a footing of perfect social equality and intimacy with monarchs who have been born to a crown, the experience of Napoleon might warn him of his mistake. Dynasties never have been strengthened by marriages. The Emperor of Austria was less in- dined to spare his son-in-law than the Emperor of Russia. Family ties are of little influence in the world of politics. Even were kings disposed to be influenced by them—which they rarely are—their subjects would not let them. If this reflection do not throlv cold water on the match-making propensities of the Kitigof the French, it may at least allay the apprehensions of English and other quidnuncs, who fancy he will marry England out of her foreign influence. If Louis Philippe has weight in Belgium, it is less owing to his influence over his son- in-law than to the existence of a strong French party; as is natural enough, in a country which borders upon France, and has no literary language but French. King Leopold's connexion with the Royal Family of France, by keeping alive the vigilance of the anti-French party, has a greater tendency to weaken the Gallican influence than to strengthen it. Brazil and France are more likely to quarrel about the dowry of Joinville's bride than to be united as one nation by her marriage to that princely buccaneer. So, should Louis Philippe succeed in mar- rying the sister of the Queen of Spain to his unmarried son, or contrive to effect his pis-aller match between that Princess and a Coburg cousin of his son-in-law of Bel- gium, even Lord Palmerston may keep his mind easy for the match will not so much frighten John Bull into recalling Lord Palmerston to Downing-street.—Spectator. The accounts both from the United States and Canada notice the fact of a good deal of speculation having been going on in flour, owing to the expected deficiency of the crops in England. Prices had advanced to some extent, and freights were also considerably higher. Whether, under all circumstances, these speculations will be profit- able, remains to be seen but it is probable, at any rate, that we shall have increased orders for manufactures sent over. The harvest both in the United States and the British Provinces was expected to be most abundant.— Globe. PRACTICAL INFLUENCE OF RACE IN THE SOCIAL ASPECT OF IRELAND.—" It is the nature of the men on the East coast of Ireland, by their activity, their enter- prise, their intelligence, and their industry, to rise to wealth and to prosperity—to push themselves—to accom- plish greatness. It is their history in every quarter of the known world where they have been placed. It is the nature of the men on the West coast to cling with strong affection and prejudice to old habits, totheirland, to their kindred. Enterprise is forced upon them they do not seek it as one of the pleasures of existence. The middle classes live by subletting and subletting, and again sub- letting the land at increased rentals. This is the extent of their enterprise. My letter is already too long, or I would quote several amusing instances of this. Th. poorer classes, who have to pay all these rentals, cling to the land and to one another. As they increase, they divide and subdivide the patch of land they possess; they submit to live on poorer and poorer food still they cling to the land and subdivide it with their children, till rent no longer exists, the land will not keep them, and all starve together. Their highest ambition and enter- prize is to obtain a blanket and shelter for Sally,' and potatoes for themselves and children. This was the positive fact at Taniwilly, near KiUybegs, in this county, on a property belonging to the Board of Education. The people being left to themselves, subdivided their land till they could pay no rent, and at length it would not keep them; and they were found a year ot two ago by the Poor-law Commissioners lying in their huts without food or clothes, all starving together in a most frightful state of destitution. There are numerous instances of the same result when the inhabitants of the West coast are left to themselves. Leave the people on the East coast to them- selves, and they are sure to prosper: they only want leaving alone, and they will fight their own way. Not so those of the West. Now, is it or is it not more states- manlike to face these facts, than to shirk them 1 By fac- ing them, we may hope to know how to apply help and guidance where they are needed. By shirking them, we have Ireland that mass of difficulties' which tt has always been. I am far from praising one race of people or blam- ing the other for that which is their nature, and which they cannot help. This is not the part either of honesty or wisdom. Knowing the qualities of the men on the Ealt, we may safely leave them to take care of themselves; they can run alone. It is the men on the West who, when we find them and ourselves no longer deceived by ill- judging friends, will require our aid, our instruction, our guidance, our example—who will require to be urged on, praised on, shamed on, led on, and, if necessary, forced on. Unfortunately for them, and for the country, the very opposite course has been taken—they have been oppressed, kept back, and left to themselves, and they starve."—By the Times' Commissioner, whose remedy is a legislative encouragement of twenty-one years leases. —The next letter is on the estates in Londonderry be- longing to the London Corporations; whose benevolent and liberal system of management is reflected in the tran- quillity and comparative prosperity of the district. We understand that Uie Government have di t rra'n d to materially increase ap present military force iu our North American colonies!—Chronicle. EXPECTED PANIC.—An outcry has been atf-mpted to he raised of an approaching panic. We hes'tate not to admit that speculation is being carried to too great a length, and we should he glad to see it curtailed within more reasonable limits; but from the best inquiries we have been able to make in the manufacturing districts everything is in a very healthy state, and there is at pre- sent no danger of a check. With this fact before us and good harvest we can see no cause for alarm.—Herepath's Journal. THE HARVEST.—Although the results are not yet authentically known, the fate of the harvest is now pretty well decided; and, balancing the fluctuating and contra- dictory reports, the most probable conclusion is, that although the harvest will not be so abundant as the last two, or as this once promised to be, it will not be alarm- ingly deficient. The potato-crop is abundant; and on the whole the quality of the roots appears to be good; but in many districts throughout Europe and America a peculiar disease has visited the flourishing plant, and spoiled a fine crop. An ingenious conjecture imputes the disease to too much animal manure the potato has, like all civilized creatures, (except the Irish, if they come under the term,) been diseased by over feeding. And the worst of it is, that the diseased particles are supposed to he highly deleterious to the human constitution. No doubt, many discreet families will suspend the use of po'atoes; and the price of corn is likely to he influenced hy the greater resort to bread and flour. Although therefore, there is not positively a deficient harvest, in the strongest sense of the term, there is enough of difficulty and doubt to give a new impulse to the Corn question next session.—Spectator. AIIERYSTWIFII. — MELANCHOLY BVENT. —It is our painful office to record the death of a fellow-creature who, there is every reason to believe, departed this life by his own voluntary agency. While we are penning this para- graph, a coroner's inquest is sitting upon the body of Mr. Graham, watchmaker, Market-street, next door to the Talbot Hotel, Aberystwitb. It appears that the deceased left his shop between 7 and 8 o'clock last Mon- day evening, telling his wife that he would return directly. This he did not do, and the next thing the poor woman saw of him was when he was brought back a corpse last Wednesday afternoon. The body was found in the river Rhydol, near Plascrug and from its appearance, it must have been in the water since Monday night. There were no marks of violence. The universal belief is that he threw himself into the river. His wife on Sunday found two packets of arsenic in his pocket, which it is supposed he intended to make use of himself, though he pretended to her that it was for rats. He was a hard- working and inoffensive man, and for some years past was a Teetotaller, but having unfortunately broken the pledge, he lived the last few months rather freely, and was ob- served to be constantly excited this, together with some trifling pecuniary difficulties, is supposed to have precipi- tated him to this rash and irrevocable act.—Welshman. DISCOVERY OK IRON MINES IN THE ROMAN STATES. —For some time past several experienced engineers have been making mineral researches throughout the Roman states, and their exploring has been crowned with success, as several very valuable iron mines have been discovered that had hitherto been hid to human sight. They are represented to have been of a very rich quality of ore, and will turn out highly advantageous to the speculators. There is very little doubt that gold, silver, iron, copper, lead, sulphur, and coal, exist to a great degree in this wealthy state but enslaved as the inhabitants are by the edicts of his highness the Pope, they have never devoted themselves to mineral operations, and contented them- selves in the tillage of their productive fields, the cultiva- tion of the vine. olive, and mulberry tree, for the propa- gation of the silk-worm. The rapid march of intellect within the last half century throughout the whole of Italy is the forerunner to a new era, which is certain shortly to take place in the improvement of the industrious habits of the inhabitants of the Pope's states of Rome, who have hitherto been kept in a state of most perfect ignorance by the priesthood. Although his Highness has strictly pro- hibited the introduction of railways in any part of his territory, as injurious to the interest of the tyrannic power of the church of Rome, by the propagation of the principles of Protestantism and knowledge among the people; he and all his cardinals see that the day is fast approaching when the fetters of ignorance will be thrown off by the degraded Romans, and the priesthood lose its absolutism. The introduction of railways into the Sardinian states from Turin, to join those of the King of Naples, and to Leg- horn, Genoa, Trieste, through the Lombardo-Venetian, or Austrian possessions, is a fatal specimen of the pro- gress that commerce and enterprise are making in the nineteenth century, all over, not only in Europe, includ- ing barbarous and despotic Russia, but the whole world, which will be the means of causing the downfall of the bigotted institutions that have existed in Italy, Spain, and Portugal, from the earliest days of Christianity, and be the great impetus to universal civilization and fraternity between nations from one end of the globe to The other, all of whom look up to the advancement now making. NEW OPERATION ON THE EYE.The late reports of the Paris Academy of Sciences mention some experiments in what the French call Kiratopiastic, which consists iu replacing a deceased cornea by a portion of the cornea taken from another individual, and which, in fact, is a kind of animal grafting. There was also read a com- munication from Dr. Plouviez, of Lille, in which he states that he recently performed the operation on a female, 23 years of age, and who became blind from the. small-pox at the age of three years. He removed the cornea, and substituted by suture that of a young dog, which he sacri- ficed for the purpose. The grafting process was entirely successful, but it does not appear that much benefit was derived from it. The girl does not see well enough to move about without a guide, and the only difference between her present state and that before the operation is, that she can now just distinguish night from day. BANK OF ENGLAND. — At the halt-yearly meeting of the proprietors, held on Thursday week, a resolution was carried unanimously, declaring a dividend of 3| per cent., and a sum of £ 15,353 14s. 8d, was carried to the rest account, which now amounts to f 3,094,379 lis. 4d. A considerable balance appears to the credit of the Govern- ment in the Bank statement, which will continue until the payment of the October dividnnjg, In the course of the meeting it transpired that the directors have had in contemplation the establishment of a brannhbunkatthe west end of town, but that, so far, nothing has been determined upon. This information has created an interest in the moneyed circles on the other side of Temple-bar, hut it is probably the great respectability and extensive wealth of.the bankers 111 that locality which has deterred the authorities of Threadneedie-street from carrying out their scheme ot settlor up a west-end branch for the present. DESTRUCTION BY FIRE OF A SUPPOSED SLAYER.-— Among the mass of miscellaneous gossip duly set forth in the morning papers we find, the lolloping curious ac- count:—The fate of the Ameracan steam-frigale Missouri [a ship belonging to the U.S., NavyJ will not soon be forgotten. There was something marvellous about it; something that set speculation, and even superstition at work. without, however, the smallest legitimate material to work upon. A noble war steamer, eclipsing any vessel of that class in the Britis'i Navy, and evidently intended to astonish the world, suddenly appears one Saturday af- ternoon at Gibraltar. She steers straight past some British vessels anchored at a sa'e distance from the shore, and drops her anchor so near, that, as she sheers in-sbore, she has not more than five feet under her bottom. The British spectators are seized with wonder at the size. the beauty, the armament, ant*' ahove all, at the daring of the stranger. Well might tbey be aghast at the spectacle of these rapid revolutions, performed within a bowsprit's length by a ship of nearly -2,000 tons, 250 feet long, with 350 men on board, carrying 28 enormous guns, and pierced for 44. They look and look again, and count her guus and admire her beautiful equipment, and are near enough to hear the conversation onboard. The Captain and chief officers land, and tto off to dinner at the Ame- rican Consul's. The British visiters go down to tea and have not finished their second cup, when they are called to the deck with the cry that The steamer's on fire! She is on fire; and after the preservation efthe crew, and every attempt to preserve the vessel by the crews of the sur- rounding British vessels, she is is utterly consumed, and before next morning lies at the bottom a shapeless mass of charred timbers and old iron. "People made their own comments when the account reached us at home. More was said than was ever likely to meet the sensitive Re- publican ear. Though too little for war, the vessel seemed too great for peace. It was at least a demonstration. Wherever she went, the Missouri was to advertise the world of what our respected relative across the Atlantic can do and will do on an emergency. Her destination was various. She was bound to Alexandria, and thence to China, with the American Plenipotentiary on board for the Celestial Court. She t<)Uc^ej Gibraltar, and it was said she was to touch at EDglan** a'so; and probably at a few other points of interest in the circuitous course from Gibraltar to Pekin. Humanity was prompted to lament a disaster which stopped so noble a messenger of civilization in the first stage of her career. Doubtless, she was designed to ditt'use the elements of social improvement wherever she touched the shore. Nay, it was positively stated that such was part of her mission. Still, an uu- accountable mystery hung over her destination and over her end. Why talk so big, when you mean only peace 1 Why negotiate a treaty with China, when the British Minister has already included tf^'y purchased by British arms for all the world ..As lor the strange catastrophe, it was whispered at the titue, without the smallest ground or circumstance ot credtt, that it was the crew who had burnt their -ressel. Anything is more cre- dible then the purely marveuous. A strange discovery has added to the materials ot speculation, without re- moving the general perplexity* Dead men tell no tales, at least they did not before the days of Herapath but foundered vessels are not so safe. The wreck and cargo of the Missouri are in the hands ot the divers. Day after day they are bringing up doubtless much that a British sailor will easily divine by the analogy of civilized navigation and warfare. But what does he imagine the divers are bringing up in great quantities day by day, and carrying off in cart-loads to their store' Slave-shackles of every strength and size for men and women, old and young. A correspondent of undoubted authority has sent us three specimens—a family group, for father, mother, and child. They are such as are used in the slave-trade, and are own brothers, as we can swear, to those found on board vessels engaged in traffic- Were the wreck to be judged by these alone, the divers might conclude the Missouri to be a gigantic slaver, designed to meet with the arguments of Lynch law the intricaces of the rIght of search. But, of course, the Missouri was not a slaver. So what mean these countless suits of iron 1" The Independence of Brussels asserts in the most po- sitive way that Prince Metternich has expressed an opinion that the religious movement in Germany will meet with no protection from the Sovereigns of the diiFerent States. The first run upon bankers took place in 1GG7, being in consequence of the panic caused by the Dutch fleet en- tering the Thames and destroying the ships at Sheerness and Chatham. Messrs. Child and Co.'s, Temple-Bar, is the oldest banking firm in London, and they still have their books of Charles the First's time including the private account of Oliver Cromwell, who banked with them. A letter from Blois states that a few days back some of the sleepers near the bridge of Claudiere were de- signedly removed from the railroad, and when a locomotive catne up, bringing sand, it ran of fthe rails. A violent shock ensued, and three men were thrown off it, one of whom was badly hurt in the back. A reward of 1,000 fr. has been offered for the discovery of the perpetrators ot this piece of mischief. — Galignani. An Irish journal informs us that sixty strangers were entertained and slept at Darrynane, Mr. Dan. O'Connell's country seat, on Wednesday week.—[There must be mighty pretty pickings out of the rint to enable Dan to give such wholesome entertainments to man and beast.] The first entire cargo of tobacco ever sent to St. Peters- burgh from this country was taken out by the Henry Shelton, which sailed from Baltimore a few days since. It consisted of 700 hogsheads, and was valued at 100,000 dollars. — American Paper. The police of Berlin have issued an ordonnance, en- joining the keepers of coffee-houses, and other p!aces of public entertainment, under penalty of being deprived of their licenses, to take care that there be no discussions on religion or politics in their establishments. Of 380 geese driven by their owner last week towards Hexham market about 300 died without reaching their destination, in consequence of their having been permitted to drink freely at a stream leading from Fallowfield Smelt-mills to the Tyne, the water of which was probably strongly impregnated with lead. TIIB IRON TRADE IN SCOTLAND.—The Glasgow pig-iron trade is rapidly on the advance, and begins to excite the attention of dealers. On Monday and Tuesday last, it appears, there was a considerable business doing in the "good auld city," and a parcel of 1000 tons was pur- chased at the rate of 80s., not cash. It is now a favourite article for speculators dealing in, and is becoming daily more so, which at present operates in its maintaining liiglier priccs in proportion to wrought iron. It is possible that a small portion could be had at 78s., net cash hut the regular quotation may be called 79s., net—as there are few who like to make extensive purchases at 80s. On the whole, however, the iron trade in Scotland is daily improving, and this will be a profitable season for masters, as prices are looking up and the demands are on a large scale so that all hands are busily at work.— Mining .Ju Ilrnal.



BANKRUPTS.-(Frolfl the London…

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