Sale# t)i) Ruction. To be SOLD by AUCTION, At the WHITE LION INN, in the Town of CARDIFF, on "WEDNESDAY next, SEPTEMBER 3rd, 1845, ABOUT 20 Gallons of OLD RUM, in small Lots; about 20 Gallons of small-still overproof WHISKEY, in small Lots also, a lot of IRISH SOAP. The Sale to commence at 6 o'clock in the Evening. By Order of the Board, W. STEPHENS, Supervisor. Excise-Office, Cardiff, Aug. 30th, 1845. DESIRABLE INVESTMENT. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY MR. THOMAS DAVIES, On MONDAY, 15th SEPTEMBER, 1845, at the SWAN INN, DOWLAJS, between the hours of 6 and 7 o'clock in the Evening, subject to such Conditions of Sale which shall be then produced, ALL that MESSUAGE or DWELLING-HOUSE and Premises attached thereto, formerly called the TREDEGAR ARMS," now in the occupation of a respectable Tenant, situate at the upper end of Dowlais, on the side of the Mail Road from Merthyr to Aberga- venny, held under a Lease from the Dowlais Iron Com- pany for 60 years, ten of which is expired, subject to a Ground Rent of only Twelve Shillings per annum. e- Further Particulars, if required, may be had of the Auctioneer, Bush Inn, Merthyr Tydfil. GLAMORGANSHIRE, SOUTH WALES. Capital Freehold Estates & Free- hold Mineral Property TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, By Messrs. ADAM MURRAY & SON, At the MACKWORTH ARMS INN, in the Borough and Seaport Town of SWANSEA, in OCTOBER next, unless disposed of in the meantime by Private Contract, of which due notice will be given; A HOUSE in High-Street, and a good WHARF near the Town-Hall, Swansea, and several FARMS (20 in number), and the COAL under; upwards of 1600 Acres of Land, all situate in the several Parishes of Llansamlet, Swansea, St. John-juxta-Swansea, Llange- felach, Llanguke, Llandilo-Talybont, Loughor, Ilstone, and Llanridian. Some of the Coal is of as good quality for Steam Packet purposes as any in the Kingdom, and the situation commands an excellent outlet to the sea for exportation. The South Wales, Welsh Midland, and Swansea Vale Railways will pass through parts of the property, and will increase the facilities for bringing the Coal to Market. A portion of the Coal in Llangefelach and St. John's has been leased at Sleeping Rents and Royalties to most responsible Tenants. Printed Particulars will be ready by the middle of September, and may be had of Messrs. Llewellyn and Randall, Solicitors, Neath; Messrs. Rowland Hacon and Rowlands, Solicitors, 38, Threadneedle-Street, London; at the Office of Messrs. Adam Murray and Son, 35, Craven-Street, Strand, London; at the Inns at Bristol and Swansea and at the Commercial-Rooms at Liver- pool, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Manchester, and Glasgow. [DUTY FREE. WHEREAS a Petition of DANIEL JONES, of CAEDRAW, in the Parish of Merthyr-Tydvill, in the County of Glamorgan, Grocer, Draper, Collier, and General Shopkeeper, an Insolvent Debtor, having been filed in the Bristol District Court of Bankruptcy, and an Interim Order for protection from Process having been given to the said Daniel Jones, under the provisions of the Statutes in that case made and pro- vided, the said Daniel Jones is hereby required to appear in Court before RICHARD STEVENSON, Esq., the Commissioner acting in the matter of the said Petition, on the 19th day of SEPTEMBER next, at Twelve o'clock at noon precisely, at the Bristol Dis- trict Court of Bankruptcy, at Bristol; for his first exami- nation touching his Debts, Estate, and Effects, and to be further dealt with according to the provisions of the said statutes and Notice is hereby given, that the choice of Assignees is to take place at the time so appointed. All persons indebted to the said Daniel Jones, or who have any of his Effects, are not to pay or deliver the same but to ALFRED JOHN ACRAMAN. Esq., 19, St. Augustine's Place, Bristol, the Official Assignee, nomi- nated in that behalf by the Commissioner acting in the matter of the said Petition. WILLM. GOVER GRAY, Solicitor, 2, Nicholas-street, Bristol. WILSON'S SCOTTISH ENTERTAINMENTS. ON WEDNESDAY EVENING, 24th SEPTEMBER, At 8 o'Clock, JIn. WILSON Will have the honour of giving one of his celebrated Entertainments on the Piano-Forte,—MR. LAND. The Doors will be opened at half-past Seven o'clock, and the Entertainment terminate about Ten. Boxes, 33.; Pit, 2:> Gallery, Is.—Books of the Words, 6d. Tickets & Programmes may be had at Mr. Webber's, Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian Office, and at the Doors. GLAMORGANSHIRE COUNTY ROADS BOARD. Settee íø gibrn, THAT the TOLLS arising at the several Toll Gates, in JL the County of Glamorgan, hereinafter specified, will be LET by AUCTION, to the best Bidders, at the House of Robert Ainsley, known by the name or sign of the CARDIFF ARMS bN, in Cardiff, in the County of Gla- morgan, on SATURDAY, the 6th day of SEPTEMBER, 1845, between the hours of Twelve of the Clock at Noon and Two of the Clock in the Afternoon of such Day, in the manner directed by the Acts passed in the 3rd and 4th years of the reign of his late Majesty King George IV., for regulating Turnpike Roads, and under the provisions of an Act passed in the 7th and 8th years of the reign of her present Majesty, for consolidating and amending the laws relating to Turnpike Trusts in South Wales. 1. Cross Buchan Gate 2. Cardiff East Gate 3. Cardiff West Gate 4. Cardiff North Gate 5. Cowbridge East Gate 6. Cowbridge South Gate 7. Cowbridge West Gate S. Bridgend East Gate, to be removed to junction of Ewenny and Brocastle Roads 9. Bridgend West Gate, to be removed to the top of the hill beyond Ystrad Brook 10. Abetkenfig Gate II. Brincethin Gate 12. Coychurch Gate, to be removed to between Coy. church and Pencoed 13. Red Hill Gate 14. Taibacb, to be removed near Margam 15. Aberavon West Gate, to be removed to the top of the hill West of the Town J6. Neath South Gate, to be removed to near the Quarry 17. Neath West Gate ] H. Cwm Gorse Gate, Llandilo la. Pont Walby Gate, to be removed to near Rheola 20. Cefn Ilhigo3 Gate, to be removed to Hirwain Common 21. Nantygwennith Gate 22. Penvdarran Gate, to be removed to Common beyond the boundary of Merthyr, on Abergavenny Road 23. Plymouth Gate 24. Black Brook 25. Gwern y Gwern Gate and Bar 26. Nantgarw 27. Pwllypant, near Caerphilly 28. Bedwas Bridge Gate 29. Newbridge Gate, near Railroad Station 30. Llantrissent North Gate 31. Llantrissent South Gate „ 32. Pontclown Chain, on the Road between Cowbridge and Llantrissent 33. Radyr Gate 34. Landaff Gate 35. Cefn Glas 36. Lower Village Gate, Aberdare 37. Upper ditto 38. A Gate to be erected near the Village of Bonvilstone 39. Lanvabon Gate. The Tolls of the several Gates will be let singly or in such Lot or Lots as the Board shall think fit. Whoever happens to be the best Bidder must, at the same time, pay one month in advance (if required) of the Rent at which such Tolls or any part thereof may be Let, and give Security, with sufficient Sureties, to the satisfac- tion of the County Roads Board of the said County, for payment of the rest of the Money Monthly, or in such other proportions and instalments as may be directed. THOMAS DALTON, Clerk to the Board, Cardiff, Auyustoth, 1S45, Hoticcs. r" 4,'SOO. 'pHE Sum of THREE HUNDRED POUNDS to be J_ advanced on Mortgage of Freehold Property— Interest at the rate of Five per Cent. per Annum. Apply (by letter, post-paid) stating full particulars, to J. P., Guardian-Office, Cardiff. GUANO (Genuine PERUVIAN and BOLIVIAN), CONSTANTLY ON SALE. A Cargo, of Prime Quality, just landed. Apply to the Importers, GIBBS, BRIGHT, and Co., 28. Orchard-street; or at GEORGE and JAMES BUSH'S Warehouse, Baldwin-street, Bristol, Where it may be seen. GAME. ALL PERSONS are requested to abstain from SPORTING OVER the MANORS of NASH, LISWORNEY, DUFFRYN-MAILWG, and WIND- MILL HILL; and also OVER the FARMS of SHEEPLAYS and LEECHMOOR, in the Parish of LANTW1T MAJOR, in the County of GLAMORGAN. Nash Manor, August 25th, 1845. ALL PERSONS are particularly REQUESTED NOT TO SPORT on the FARMS of H. SEY- MOUR, ESQ., in the Parish of PETERSTONE- SUPER-ELY, LANTRYTHYD, or elsewhere. Lantrythyd, August 21, 1845. RAILWAYS. Published this day, Third Edition, price Is., with a Map, THE GUAfiE QUESTION. BY WYNDHAM HARDING. EVILS OF DIVERSITY OF GUAGE, AND A REMEDY. JOHN WEALE, 59, High Holborn. TO DRAPERS' ASSISTANTS. WANTED IMMEDIATELY, a respectable YOUNG W MAN, who can Speak the Welsh Language. Also, a YOUTH as an APPRENTICE. Apply at Waterloo-House, Cardiff. Cardiff, August 22, 1845. BARRY ISLAND PARM. TO BE LET AND ENTERED UPON ON THE SECOND FEBRUARY, 1846. THE FARM comprises the whole of BARRY _L ISLAND, and is only subject to a small Modus in lieu of all Tithes. For further particulars, apply to Mr. JONES, at Fonmon Castle. GLAMORGANSHIRE AND CARDIFF LIBRARY & SCIENTIFIC lltSTITUTION. IT is particularly requested that those Members whose Subscriptions for the present year are not paid, will please to forward them forthwith to either of the Secre- taries. By Order of the Committee, R. DA W, } II S t. C. R. V ACHELL, on. ecre arIes Cardiff, August, 1845. OSOOME ORDINATION. THE LORD BISHOP OF LLANDAFF intends to JL hold a GENERAL ORDINATION in the CATHEDRAL CHURCH OF LLANDAFF, on SUNDAY, the 28th day of SEPTEMBER next. The requisite papers must be sent by the Candidates to his Lordship at Hardwick House, Chepstow, on or before the 10th of September next. By Order of the Lord Bishop, EDW: STEPHENS, N.P., D. Regr. Llandaff, 14th August, 1845. TO MINERAL SURVEYORS. WANTED, at an Iron Work where a Mineral Agent tT is employed/a respectable Man, to Survey and keep the Maps of the Colliery and Mine Work, the mea- sure all work performed, to keep the books pertaining to the said department, and to make himself generally useful. None need apply whose character will not bear the most strict investigation as to ability, sobriety, and general good conduct. Applications to be made by letter, pre-paid, stating terms, to B. C., Post Office, Newport, 1\lonmouthshire. The Schooner GX A. MORGAN, D. JONES, MASTER, IS NOW LOADING AT COTTON'S WHARF, TOOLEY-STREET, LONDON, FOR Cardiff, Newport, Merthyr, Dowlais, Aberdare, I' Abergavenny, Brecon, Monmouth, Pontypool, Cow- bridge, Bridgend, and places adjacent, and will positively sail on THURSDAY, the 11th of SEPT., 1845. For Freight, &c., apply to the Master on Board Mr. J. Rowe, Moderator Wharf, Newport; Mr. Thomas Richards, Abergavenny; Messrs. Prosser and Co., Bre- con Messrs. J. H. and G. Scovell, the Wharfingers, London; or to Mr. W. Pritchard, Wharf, Cardiff. London, August 27th, 1845. ø t; m TO THE INHABITANTS OF CARDIFF, & THE FARMERS & OTHERS ATTENDING CAR-I DIFF MARKET. JAMES WILLIAMS LATE OF THE OLD POST INN, BONVILSTONE, BEGS to thank his numerous Friends for the kind _D support he has received for the last 15 years, and to inform them that he has taken the extensive Premises known as the RED COW, CARDIFF, where he intends conducting the Business of that House in a manner that will, he sincerely hopes, meet with public approval and en- sure a continuation of their kind patronage and support. Good Stabling and Well-tared Beds. Travellers are solicited to patronise the House, where comfort and economy go hand in hand. AN ORDINARY EVERY SATURDAY AT ONE O'CLOCK. Cardiff and Newport Daily. BENJAMIN EVANS begs respectfully to inform the H Public generally of CARDIFF, NEWPORT, and their respective Neighbourhoods, that at the solicitations of many of his friends, he has established an Omnibus for the purpose of conveying passengers, parcels, &c., be- tween these towns daily, starting at the time and from the places below named :— From the Glove and Shears Inn, Duke-street, Cardiff, at nine in the morning. From the Tredegar Arms Inn, Newport, at a quarter past three in the afternoon, arriving at the Taff Vale Railway Station Cardiff, in time to forward passengers by the five o'clock train to Llandaff, Newbridge, Mer- thyr, and other places along the line. N.B.—On Sundays the Omnibus will leave Cardiff at nine a.m., and leave Newport at six p.m. B. E. also wishes to observe that this Omnibus is driven by a most experienced and careful driver, and that it will be found in every respect well worthy the support of the public at large, as he can assure them that no efforts or expense shall be wanting on his part to render it what it professes to be—namely—a punctual and con- venient medium of communication between the important towns of Cardiff and Newport. August 20th, 1845. —————————————-————————————————————- NEWPORT MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. EXHIBITION OF PAINTINGS. AN EXHIBITION of PAINTINGS will shortly be Opened in WILLIAMS'S LARGE ROOM, Commercial-street, Newport, for the benefit of the Mechanics' Institute. The Committee earnestly solicit the co-operation of the Public in this undertaking, and will feel thankful for the Loan of PICTURES, the expense of Carriage of which will be defrayed, and every possible means adopted to secure their safe return. The Committee will also be glad to Receive Pictures on Sale, on which a Commission of 10 per cent. will be charged, the Expense of Carriage to be defrayed by the Proprietor. In order that the necessary arrangements for the Oneninsr of the exhibition may be completed without delav it is requested that all Pictures intended to be Exhibited be forwarded to the Secretaries previous to the 6th of next Month. Terms of Exhibition, &c., will be announced hereafter. W- } Secretaries. T. T. MORRIS, J August 14th, 1845. Hotter. To Timber-Merchants & Others. TENDERS FOR LARCH SLEEPERS. HE TAFF 'VALE RAILWAY CO.NIPANY are THE TAFF YALE RAILWAY COMPANY are j_ desirous of receiving Tenders for the supply of 20,000 LARCH SLEEPERS, in lots of not less than JOOO each. The Sleepers to be semi-circular in section. One-third to be not less than 9 feet long^ and 10 inches by 5 inches at the small end,/ .5 (exclusive of bark). >r- 10 inches. Two-thirds to be not less than 9 feet long, and 9 inches by 4| inches at the small end,/ 2 (exclusive of bark). y 9 inches. The Tenders to state the time within which the quan- tity offered will be delivered. Further particulars may be obtained on application at the Office of the Company's Engineer, Cardiff. A. F. MORCOM, Secretary. Railway-Office, Cardiff, August 25, 1845. ABERDARE RAILWAY. NOTICE OF CALLS. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN to the SHIRE- HOLDERS in the above undertaking, that they are re- quired to pay E5 per share on or before the 21st of SEPTEMBER next, and a further sum of £5 per share on or before the 2lst day of OCTOBER next, to Messrs. BAILEY AND CO., BANKERS, ABERGAVENNY. the Treasurers to the Company. CHAS. H. JAMES, Merthyr Tydfil, Secretary pro tem. August 27th, 1845. j
ADJOURNED INQUEST ON THE BODY OF GENERAL DICK. The inquest held before A. H. English, Esq., coroner of Bath, on the body of General George Dick, formerly of Clifton, but late of that city, the commencement of which we were enabled to give last week, was resumed on Friday, at the Lamb Inn, Stall-street, Bath. Mr. Greaves, barrister, and Mr. Brooke Smith, of that city solicitor, attended to watch the proceedings on the part of Gen. Dick's executors. Several members of the faculty, and leading inhabitants of Bath were also present. The coroner said he was sorry to state that he should be again obliged to adjourn the inquiry, as Mr. Herapath, whose evidence was very material, was engaged in Bristol upon the trial of a right of patents, going on at the assizes in that city. Joseph Cuff was then sworn and deposed-The deceased, General George Dick, died on the 13th March, 1844, at Catherine- place, Bath; I lived as a butler with the general from the 2jth day of June, 1843, up to his death; I continued to live in the family for three or four months after his death with Mrs. Brig- dale; General Dick died about a quarter before one o'clock in the day in the morning he appeared in his ordinary health, and at eight o'clock took his breakfast as usual; at half-past ten o'clock, as was his constant custom, he read prayers; he had not the least difficulty in reading prayers, and I saw nothing whatever the matter with him he made no complaint; I took him up a cup of chocolate at quarter past eleven o'clock, and I then observed no difference in him the general was at this time in a back room behind the dining-room, which his grand- son, Mr. Thomas, used as a sleeping-room, but in which he often sat; at about half-past twelve o'clock, Captain Henderson, a friend of the general, called at the house to see him I showed him into the drawing-room, and informed Mrs. Brigdale (the general's daughter) of his arrival, and she desired me to announce him to my master; I then went to the General's room for that purpose I saw that his appearance had slightly altered; he appeared, paler than usual, and was leaning back in his chair; his mouth was a little opened and his eyes looked dim, as if he was inclined to sleep. Miss Dick, his daughter, was in the room lying on the bed; she had an affection of the back, and would often lie on the bed and on the floor conversing with her father; I told General Dick that Captain Henderson had arrived and wished to see him, and he said Very well, Cutf, I will go and see him." I thought he was ill, but said nothing to him, as he was very silent and reserved, especially towards his servants at this time he had a cigar in his hand and had been smoking; I then went down stairs, and Miss Dick went into the drawing- room soon after I went to lay the cloth for luncheon in the dining-room, when Mr. Thomas called out from the sitting-room, Cutf, come in and assist me; I immediately went in and found the general on his hands and knees, by the bedside, and Mr. Thomas standing over him. lifting him up Mr. Thomas ex- claimed, The general has had a fit, Cuff;" I did not see my master's face, but he was quiet and did not struggle; Mr. Thomas and I raised him, and I sat back in his chair and we sat him on my knee; he gave one long sigh, his head fell over my left shoulder, and his mouth opened more than before; after that he gave no sign of life I am quite certain he was then dead; he was never subject to fits, and had no illness while I was there; Mr. Thomas left me with the general, and went and fetched Dr. Spry, who lives close by, and was there in three or four minutes. [The witness wa.4 here taken suddenly ill, and had he not been caught by Mr. Barret would have fallen to the ground. In a short time he recovered, and his examination was resumed.] Mr. Thomas followed in about a minute after Dr. Spry, and Mr. Daniell soon came, as also did Captain Hen- derson Dr. Spry remarked that he was a dead man he tried to bleed him, however, in the arm and temple, but only one drop of blood came none of the family or servants in the house knew of his death for a long time afterwards, till we had pulled his coat and waistcoat off, and laid him on the bed and tied up his head; Mrs. Brigdale's lady's maid and the cook then came in to lay him out; should think that was an hour after his death: the family were told the general was very ill, but not that he was dead for an hour, an hour & a half, or two hours afterwards it was kept from the servants, fearing they would tell the ladies too suddenly, and frighten them Mr. Thomas cautioned me not to say that he was dead Mr. Thomas mentioned to the other gentlemen about doing away with an inquest; he said he thought the general could be buried without one, as he did not want a stir in the house he did not hear what they said in reply; do not know that anything was given the deceased besides the ehocolate; found no medicine bottle or glass about the room he was not sick at all during the morning do not know that he had voided any blood; observed nothing particular in the cho- colate cup when I took it away the general was not in the habit of taking medicine or peppermint water; never saw any such thing in the house. The inquest was adjourned till Saturday. SATURDAY.—Mr. Thomas Barret, surgeon, of Bath, deposed generally as to the state of the deceased's remains, but seemed disinclined to state that death had been caused by any particu- lar disease, the length of time which had elapsed rendering the matter one of very great difficulty to aseertain-a burial of 17 or 18 months having intervened. The brain was perfectly healthy. Mr. Wm. Herapath, of Bristol, philosophical chemist and lec- turerer on toxicology, deposed to having made an examination of the stomach, intestinal canal, and liver of the deceased. Commenced the chemical examination with the contents of the stomach, and then descended gradually through the contents of the intestines. He then examined the texture of the stomach itself, then the substance of the intestines, and lastly he exa- mined the liver. The result was that no metallic or mineral poison could be found. He partieulitrv examined the yellow spots which had been so accurately described by Mr. Barret. He dissected them out, and after a most rigid analysis by three or four different processes he succeeded in finding that the yellow stain was entirely occasioned by the colouring matter of the bile. The appearances of those spots were so very suspi- cious that of course he devoted considerable time and trouble to clear up, not only that they were not caused by poison, but what they were caused by. Mr. Maule wished Mr. Herapath to be asked whether it was possible that he could have detected the presence of any vegetable poison ? Mr. Herapath.—Any vegetable poison ? I can only say that I found the remains of chocolate. There are some poisons which I could not have found certainly. Prussic acid I should not have found. nor morphine if it had been absorved in less than 24 hours, from the circumstance of opium being absorbed very rapidly into the system. Any poison soluble in water I should not have expected to find, because the fluids of the stomach and intestines had passed away. In reply to another question, the witness said that acrid vege- table poisons would have caused inflammation of the intes- tinal canal; narcotics would not. Mr. Barret was again questioned as to the cause of death. He stated that he found sufficient morbid appearance in the stomach and bowels to cause death, but not to cause death as suddenly as had been described unless accompanied by a shock to the nervous system. There were many causes which might have led to the appearance of the stomach and bowels. They might have arisen idoipathecally or symptomaticallv—they might have arisen from some diseased state of the system, or from the effect of some irritant applied to them. No medical man would be in a condition to say positively that they were caused by an irritant, unless he knew that an irritant had been applied. If it had arisen from an irritant, the time it would have required to cause death would depend on the character of the irritant, and the quantity applied. The jury having retired for a short time returned into court with the following verdict-Died from inflammation of the stomach and bowels, but how produced there is no evidence to show.
PRUSSIA.—Accounts from Berlin state that the censors of the public press have, by a Cabinet order, received fresh instructions to refuse their imprimatur to any article intended for publication in any political journal or periodical, upon matters of religious or theolo- gical controversy. This measure ought not. > to be mis- taken for an interference on the part of the Prussian Go- vernment with the present religious movement in Germany. As to active interference, we repeat it as our firm convic- tion, founded upon our knowledge of the King of Prussia's character, and upon the immovable firmness he has shown in all his actions during the whole period of his reign, that he will not attempt it. These fresh in- structions to the censors are nothing more than a repeti- tion, or a memento of a paragraph in the last laws for "the better regulation of the public press," which ex- pressly excludes all discussion upon religious subjects from journals and periodicals of a political or a miscella- neous character, because, as the paragraph says, these are matters too sacred to be mixed up with worldly affairs." Probably, a negligence on the part of one of the censors may be the cause of this Cabinet order at the present moment. There are, at present, five or six periodicals exclusively for the discussion of theological and religious matters, Protestant as well as Roman Ca. tholic, licensed and regularly published in Prussia and this, admitting the existence of any censorship, would seem sufficient for a country of not more than about twenty millions. These periodicals are not intended so much for the general reader, but more especially for di- vines by profession and during the great excitement that at present prevails in Germany, reading of controver- sial matter might, perhaps, be productive of mischievous effects, 1
General fiftigcrllang* Tic DOULOUREUX.—Mr. Gower says that th extract of tobacco will cure neuralgia so that it shallllot return, and this with once using. —Medical Times. An old man named John Cameron, aged 83 years, wxs last week gored to death by a bull in Perthshire DEPARTURE OF THE GREAT WESTERN.—This noble steam-ship, after being in port but little more than four days and a half, again departed from Liverpool for New York, on Saturday, taking 142 passengers. SIIAM ATTORNEYS.—In consequence -of the disgrace brought upon the profession by sham practitioners, seve- ral attorneys have resolved to prosecute such parties, and enforce against them the penalty off 50, to which those practising as attorneys, without being duly qualified, are subjected. The Board of Trade have issued circulars to the Lon- don and Croydon and Eastern Counties Companies, recommending the abolition of assistant engines behind a train. PREFERMENT.—The Rev. Charles George Newcomb, M.A., to the vicarage of Halberton, Devon, void by the death of the Rev. Sidney Smith, clerk patron, the Dean and Chapter of Bristol. The amount of traffic for the last week, on nearly 1,800 miles of railway, was £ 166,251, of which £80,873 was received for the conveyance of passengers, and £ •22,060 for the carriage of goods; being an increase over the corresponding week of last year of £ 17,508. EXTRAORDINARY GUNPOWDER BLAST.—On Tuesday, in one of Mr. Hosken's granite quarries, near Penryn, a fine mass of granite, which admeasures about 14,000 cubic feet, its weight above 1,000 tons, was detached from the surrounding rock by means of a charge of 25lbs. of gun- powder. In the explosion the entire mass was seen to leap from its natural bed.—Ealtnouth Paclcet. QUAKER'S REPROOF.—Some time since a sailor on one of our wharfs was swearing most boisterously, when one of the Society of Friends passing along accosted him verv pleasantly, and said, "Swear away, frienrl, swear away, till thee get all that bad stuff ont of thee, for thee can never go to heaven with that bad stuff in thy heart." The sailor, with a look of. astonishment and shame, bowed to the honest Quaker and retired. ARTIFICIAL PRODUCTION OF OYSTERS.—A letter from M. Carbjnel was read at a recent meeting of the Acade- my of Sciences, in which he asserts that he has discovered the means of producing oyster-beds in fresh water ponds and basins, so that every man who has a few feet of ground to spare for the construction of a basin may always obtain fresh oysters. ELECTRICAL RAILWAY TRAIN INDICATOR.—-At a recent meeting of the Academy of Sciences in Paris, 31. Dujardin, the inventor of an electrical telegraph, sub- mitted a plan for rendering this invention valuable as a means for indicating the precise position of a railway train upon different parts of the line. He proposes that as a locomotive passes by certain places it shall touch a spring in connection with the wire, and thus communi- cate with the index of the station by certain signs previously agreed on. DEPLORABLE SUICIDE.—While the Dundee steamer was on its passage from that place to Edinburgh, on Thursday last, a woman on board suddenly took off her bonnet and shoes, and before anybody was aware of her intention, jumped overboard. The captain immediately stopped and put about the steamer, but the unfortunate woman had sunk aud was seen no more. The name Margaret Miller" was inscribed on the inside of her shoes.—Edinburgh Evening Post. GALLANT CAPTURE OF A PIRATE SLAVER.—By pri- vate advices which we have received from the coast of Africa we learn that a report prevailed of a most gallant and successful engagement on the west coast between the boats of one of her Majesty's ships and a large pirate slaver. The name of the vessel to which the boats belonged did not transpire, but, of the fact of the engage- ment, which, though most desperate, was completely successful on the part of the gallant crews, there was not the slightest doubt. It was said that one or two of the officers distinguished themselves in the extreme. Herald. RAILWAY ROBBERY. —On Wednesday, as Mrs. Place, lately residing at Lansdowne-crescent, was proceeding to Bristol in a first-class carriage, a gentlemanly-looking young man, who sat by her side, entered into general conversation with her, and at the termination of the journey he handed her from the carriage with much politeness, and went his way. The lady shortly after- wards discovered that her pocket had been cut open, and her purse, containing between JE30 and £40, extracted.— Cheltenham Examiner. Tumultuous assemblages of the people have taken place in Dunfermline, Fifeshire, occasioned by some alleged breach of faith of certain manufacturers in not adhering to the tables of prices said to have been agreed upon in 1843—44, between employers and their work- men. Order was restored by the promptitude and courage of the magistrates, who have since resolved to memorialise government on the necessity of making Dunfermline a permanent military station, and having barracks built for the accommodation of the men. DEATH WHILST SWEARING.—Monday, Mr. Bedford held an inquest at the Black Horse, Bedfordbury, on the ( body of John Jones, aged forty-eight, a porter. The deceased and some companions went on Saturday after- noon into the Coach and Horses, St. Martin's-lane, and whilst there drinking, ha was accused of falsehood by some female who knew him. In rebutting the charge he used the terrible oath of May God strike me dead." The oath was hardly uttered when he was seized with paralysis of the left side. He was taken to Charing- cross Hospital, in which he died in a few hours after ) admission. A post mortem examination proved that he died of apoplexy. Verdict accordingly. THE LATE MR. E. B. CLIVE, M.P. —The will of the < late Mr. Edward Bolton Clive, of Whitfield, in the county ( of Hereford, has been proved by his son, the Rev. Archer Clive, clerk, the sole executor. He bequeaths to his son Mr. George Clive, f 20,000, in addition to any 1 sum that may be payable to him out of his estates be- ) queaths to his daughter, Mrs. Wetherell, an annuity of < £600 a year, to be paid out of his estates in England; leaves ] liberal legacies to his servants; and bequeaths all the residue of his real and personal estates to his eldest surviving son, the Rev. Archer Clive. He desired ] by his will that he might be buried in the family < vault at Wormbridge without parade, and like any private gentleman. The will is dated the 24th of April, 1845, and his death occurred on the 22nd of July. RAILWAY SPEED. A London paper, after referring to the extraordinary speed which has within the last 8 years been attained on railways, proceeds to observe Never- theless, we verily believe that we are upon the eve not only of seeing it surpassed, but replaced by motive agents and machinery still more powerful, certain, direct, and tractable in their operation. We feel a strong confidence that the day is not far distant at which, on many of the lines of railway that are in active wotking, we shall be- hold a signal change in all the material elements of railway locomotion. Those huge and banner-like clouds that now roll their fuliginous volumes, far and near, over every district of country traversed by their iron Unes will disappear. The bellowing, the snorting, and hissing of the ponderous locomotives, and not less ponderous coal and water tenders, under whose wheels the whole mas- sive framework of the railway appears to tremble, as II Ajax" or Orion" thunders on his journey, will be, after a brief interval, remembered only as traditionary accompaniments to the incipient efforts of a more highly 1 perfected and simplified system of locomotion, based 011 < the scientific employment of common atmospheric air as I the chief worker of the mechanic power to be set in mo- tion. The insurmountable'—' inseparable'—' hope- r less' difficulties which have been so gravely predicated, hitherto, of working atmospheric railways seem at length s to have followed the fate of most auguries touching phy. sical impossibilities, where there is so much of knowledge, experience, capital, and spirit a-field, to encounter and to conquer them, as are now enlisted in the service of rail. t way invention. The economy of fuel, of machinery, of ) labour, of wear and tear, of all the main elements, there- fore, that ultimately occasion the largest sacrifices of capital in these undertakings—is the most obvious and the most signal of these recommendations in favour of railways on the atmospheric principle. The results which have been arrived at, in the series of experiments, on the Loudon and Croydon atmospheric line of railway, should operate to deter all men from pronouncing, too Confi dently, on the impracticability of novel projects of me- chanical application, however startling by their boldness or their simplicity." A FISHING PARTY.—One day last week a party of four gentlemen, not much accustomed to boating, set out from Helensburgh to the buoy of Roseneath, for the purpose ot enjoying a few hours fishing. As the evening drew on, they resolved to return home, and having pulled up their lines, each and all of them took manfully to the oars. They were but indifferent rowers, and made astonishingly little progress. A strong tide seemed to be running against them, and the more they pulled the more obstinate grew the resistance. o'clock catne, and iound them almost us far from the shore as ever. JsTevertheless, they continued to tug away with the most desperate perseve- rance, although completely worn out with fatigue, until about eleven o'clock at night when they discovered to their infinise chagrin, that they had neglected to lift the anchor! The party soon after gained the shore, but in a state of total exhaustion, having laboured incessantly against anchor and cahle for upwards of four hours! Great, of course, is the chuckling amongst their numerous friends, in reference to this famous boating exploit off Roseneath. We likewise understand that the song usually called for in any company they may enter is the favourite one of "The anchor's weighed." Glasgow Citizen. TRIAL FOR CnILD MURDER.—PRIDAY Mary Ann Eager, a good looking but very «liruinutive girl, of the age of 19 years, was capitally indicted, at the Central Criminal Court, for the wilful murder of her female in- fant child at Greenwich, on the SCth of June last. It appeared in evidence that since the prisoner had been taken to prison on this charge herboxhad been examined, and found to contain various articles of baby linen ready for use, and a baby's blanket in progress of being made. The chud died fiom a wound, which extended from the middle to the back of the neck. About the centre of the wound, it was divided by a piece of skin, which gave it the appearance of two wounds, The wound penetrated to the vertebrse, or back bone. The death of the child was caused by the wound in the neck. The wound in the neck might have been produced by such a pair of scissors as those which had been shown. The prisoner was not attended by any medical man or nurse at her accouchement. The Jury found the prisoner Not Guiity. From a careful perusal of the evidence, we presume it was their opinion that the Wound that caused death was given while the prisoner was endeavouring to separate the umbilical corti, BRISTOL SUGAR MARKET, AUG. 27.—There has again been a good demand for all descriptions of sugar, more particularly for the retiners, whose stocks were getting low. A cargo of St. Vincent's, brought forward 011 Saturday, were eagerly taken off at very full rates. The marget at present is but very indifferently supplied, the late arrivals not being yet brought forward. TEN MEN DROWNED.—Extract of a letter from Dunbar, dated August 20:—"A fishing boat, in trying to enter this harbour to-day at noon, in a rough sea, struck on a rock and went to pieces; one man out of five was saved. Another got on a rock with a certainty of being drowned unless a boat could reach him. Lieut. Wylde, of the coast-guard, with five men. made the praise-worthy attempt, but before they could reach him he was washed oft the rock and .drowned, and, lamentable to slat. a heavy sea struck the boat amongst the rocks, which was dashed to pieces, and all on hoard perished. Thus perished a brave officer and nine men in a few minutes, in sight of hundreds of persons, who could render no assistance." Lieut. Wylde and three others, were married men, and with one exception, have all left large families. WORCESTER ASDSOUTH WALES JUNCTION RAILWAY.— This railway will commence at the city of Worcester, proceeding by Great Malvern to the market town of Led- bury, whence it will be carried through the fertile district of Much Marcle and Dymock, within an easy distance of Newent to Ross—a distance of about 28 miles. At this latter place it is inteuded to join the Monmouth and Hereford, and South Wales railways, the Bills for the completion of which have received the royal assent during the last session and a reference to the map will demon- strate that this project will not only become a valuable addition to these important lines, but will supply the only link wanted to complete a direct main-trunk railway be- tween South Wales, (embracing the ports of Fisbguard, Pembroke, Llanelly, Swansea, Neath. Cardiff, and New- port), and Worces'er, South Staffordshire, Birmingham, Liverpool, and the North. It is intended to apply for an act in the next session of parliament. The provisional committee contains many names of local influence. SINGULAR FACT.—A somewhat novel incident occurred very recently at the terminus of the South-Western Railway, at Vauxhall. A carrier pigeon was seen in an exhausted state it was caught by hand, but died shortly afterwards. A label was appended to one of its legs, addressed to his Grace the Duke of Wellington, which stated that three pigeons were thrown up at the island of Ichaboe, and b>>re date July, 1845. The distance is computed to be between two and three thousand miles from the place where the pigeon appears to have been liberated, to its destination in London. The bird, with ils appendage, was immediately forwarded to Apsley- House, and the Duke of Wellington, by an autograph note, the next day courteously acknowledged the receipt from the party who sent the bird. It has been stuffed, and in the process it has been discovered that the bird was shot, otherwise there can be no doubt it would have reached home, and it is supposed not to have had strength to cross the Thames.—Sun. FIGHTING A DUEL.—Napoleon, when he was told that a cannon ball had killed a sailor who had hid himself in a coil of rope in the hold of a man-of-war, observed, "A man can never avoid his fate;" a fact well illustrated by the following circumstance An Englishman, "brave as Julius Csesar," challenged a Frenchman to mortal combat. Knowing John Bull to be a dead shot, the Frenchman, being the challenged party, and having the choice of place, time, and weapons, selected night, a large dark apartment, and pistols. The seconds were to remain outside and give the word, after which each was to fire when he pleased. "Fire!" cried the seconds, when the combatants had been locked in, and declared themselves "ready. But no sound was heard. Johnny Bull could find no mark for an aim and his adversary hearing him groping about the room fired at random. John was safe snough now and after searching every corner of the rooin in vain for any indication of the whereabouts of his antagonist, at length exclaimed,—' Come, I'm tired of this fun; besides, I'm satisfied and he accordingly- groped his way to the fire-place, and fired up the mouth Df the chimney. There was a shriek, and a yell, and iown came the Frenchman, dead as a door nail! American paper. BAD VENTILATION OF PLACES OF WORSHIP. Churches and chapels, though mure lofty than schools, ire usually less in area, in proportion to the numbers frequenting them and, though in most cases they are occupied for fewer hours in the week, they seldom profit by much pains taken to change the air, whilst they are unoccupied. In regard to churches," says a medical witness, many illnesses and deaths proceed from faults )f ventilation aud warming; from the rush of cold air 11 one place on those who sit near the doors and windows, 111(1 the want of fresh air in other places." And if such )e the case with the congregation, in a building often of :he most costly character, wherein a "trifling expense would permanently secure abundant ventilation, what nust be the injury sustained by the preacher in the lulpit1? Placed on a height at which his voice acts at a lisadvantage, as if on purpose that he may breathe 111 atmosphere composed of the breath of all who sit be- leath him on the floor, he has to exert his lungs to the rtmost pitch, while he has the worst of the air to work vith. And the more promising his talents, the more suc- cessful his exertions in interesting and edifying a multi- lIde of hearers, so much sooner is he likely to be con- iigned to silence, consumption, and the grave. Still more ntiable, if possible, is the lot of Sunday school children, ,vhom modern architects, and committees, and commis- uoners, are apt to place in the recesses of a lofty roof. -Vbove the vent afforded by the windows, and with rarely my ventilation in the ceiling, they have the foul air of the ivhole building in a sort of halo round their heads. And ;here, where they can scarcely see the minister, much less lear him, with perhaps little convenience for sitting, and tone for kneeling, and with their attention pteviously exhausted in school, they are required, under penalty of :hastisement, to keep still and silent, and awake, in an itinosphere which of itself is quite enough to produce in i grown person, much more in a child, inattention, rest- essness and drowsiness. To say no more of the un- lealthiness of a position such as this, I cannot refrain from expressing my apprehension that there must be liundreds of thousands in the land who, having had these for their first impressions of Divine service, have hence conceived a deep and lasting aversion to the house of prayer.- The Unhealthy Condition of Dwellings, Q'c., by the Retfor of Alder ley. AMERICA. THE SLAVE QUESTION.—We take the fol- lowing extract from an American paper. It is a portion uf the circular of Mr. T. Marshall, a candidate for con- gressional honours, and addressed to the Anti-Abolition party, in a certain district of Kentucky. Our American contemporary states "that Mr. Maishall's arguments against emancipation are as strong as the brand upon the brow of Cain and as hard to untwist as the kinks in the woolly pale 0f a Congo African"—let them speak for themselves The idea of citizenship and equality, social and political equality, a democratic society in Ken- tucky or Virginia, compounded of liberated African negroes and the descendants of the European chivalry the races kept, too, for ever distinct, is an absurdity too monstrous for Abolitionism itself. Eternal war—war to "termination—slavery—or amalgamation of the races- are the three alternatives. Shield me and mine from the philanthropy which would blend the chrystal eye, the elevated feature, the ambrosial and waving curls, the rosy skin, all the striking and glorious attributes that mark the favourites of nature, exhaling fragrance, and redolent if beauty and of bloom, with the disgusting peculiarities, the wool, and grease, and fsetor of the blackened savage )f southern deserts. 'J^he Saxon and the Celt, the Nor- tian and the Dane, even the Tartar and the Hun, the I'urk and the Saracen, the races of Japhet and of Shem nay compound and melt and mingle into one people .vhen met upon the same soil—but the race of Ham must s;rve or separate." These are truly the scintillations of i brilliant mind can Congress boast of many such sam- ples amongst its sage senators as Mr. 1. Marshall'? PLYMOUTH FORTIFICATIONS.—Government commenced ,he fortification of Staddon Heights on Monday. The mprovement in the fortification of Maker Heights, on :he opposite side of the Sound, and of Drake's Island, iave been progressing for some time. Blockhouse Fort, it the entrance to Portsmouth harbour, is in course of partial reconstruction to form a double banked battery. The upper works have been entirely demolished, and a platform for a tier of 32-pounders is rapidly progressing in formation. The lower tier, formerly comprising 32- pounders only, will consist of 62-pounders, formerly a battery of thirty-two heavy guns, commanding the entrances and approaches to the harbour, and crossing fire with Southsea. Castle. This fort has further been mounted with several long 18 and 32-pounder pivot guns, and, when complete, will be one of the best fortified positions on the coast.—Naval and Military Gazette. IRON. —-We imported of iron in the year ending January 5th, 1845, in bars, unwrought, 22.483 tons, chromate of iron, 2366, steel, unwrought, 2717, and wrought-iron and steel to the value of JEH,905 exported 5877 tons foreign iron, and wrought-iron and steel £3582. Of British iron we exported of pig 99,9(50 tons, bar 260,935 tons, bolt and rod 18,980 tons, and cast-iron 18,969 tons, wire 1963 tons, anchors, &c., 2490 tons, hoops 15,654 tons, nails 722G tons, other sorts 48,170 tons. Of the bar-iron, Holland took 30,453 tons, and pig 27,5i7 tons; America, bar 64,713 tons, pig 28,447 tons; France, bar 2579 tons, pig 1G,055 tons; Italy, bar 13,592 tons, pig 5033 tons Prussia, bar 20,564 tons, pig 4006 tons; Germany, bar 18,969 tons, pig 4498 tons; Mexico took only 1074 tons of bar, and no pig; Texas only 2 tons of hoops, and 15 tons of bolt and rod-iron Australia and New Zealand, bar 741 tons, pig 248 tons the British North American Colonies, bar 11,209 tons, pig 2991 tons, &c. Of British hardware and cutlery there were exported 22,552 tons, valued at £2,179,0i:i7, of this amount France took JE 121,554, Germany £ 156,706, East Indies £ 115,D11, America £8:!7,OS3, Russia £40,4;):J, Holland £49.354, Belgium £36,871, Italy £5:3,G76, west coast of Africa JE24,358, Australia and New Zealand £24,230. The total exported of British machinery and millwork amounted to £776,2;35; Italy took £96,342, France £84,315, Russia JE 158,137, Germany JE92,851, Spain and Canaries £54,G81, Belgium jC27,787, East Indies £62,080, British West Indies £24,109, Holland JE34,117, and America £22,223. BIRTH ON BOARD A STEAM PACKET.—A woman, named Elizabeth Smith, on her passage on Tuesday week from Bristol to Swansea, was safely delivered of a fine girl in the Troubadour steamer, Capt. Becket. Her hus- band, it appears, is a private in the 73rd Regiment, now about to leave England, and in consequence of the offi- cers withholding their consent to her accompanying him, she returned to Swansea, her native town.—The attention of the captain and steward was truly praiseworthy, and everything was done for her comfort by the passengers, two of the ladies attending her. On the arrival of the packet at Swansea, the woman and her infant were safely landed, and conveyed to her home in a fly. A liberal collection P11\<le 011 board for the mother, BREACH OF PROMISE OF MARRIAGE.—[BEFORE Mil. JUSTICE CRESSWBLL.]—LIVERPOOL.—PASS V. POTTS.— This action was brought to recover damages for a breach of promise of marriage. The defendant pleaded, first, that he did not promise second, that reasonable time for the marriage had not elapsed before the commence- ment of the action; third, that the plaintiff did not ask the defendant to marry; fourth, that the defendant, at the time of making the promise, was not twenty-one years of age; fifth, that the plaintiff procured the defendant to make the promise by means of fraud, covin, and misre- presentations of the plaintiff and others who counselled the plaintiff; and sixth, that at the time the defendant made the promise he was so excessively drunk that he was altogether disabled from making any good and valid contract or promise. The Attorney-General said, the plaiutilf was a young woman, of the age of twenty, who came forward to complain of the wanton and unprincipled abandonment of a promise calculated at a!l times to injure the feelings of any woman, and to injure, if not her character, at least her prospects in life. The plaintiff, Miss Pass, w is the daughter of a respectable person, formerly in trade as a butcher, at Sheffield, but now the owner of some collieries and land at Pit's-moor, near that town. The plaintiff was the eldest daughter, and was twenty years of age. The defendant was also a young person who had attained his majority in the month of March in this year. He was a son of a late lieutenant in the army. He was in the possession of some property in the East Riding of York, on the sea coast. In the year 1843, Mr. Pass and his daughter were at Hornsea, where they lodged at the house of a tenant of the defendant. At that time the plaintiff was in her nineteenth year, and a young person of considerable attractions. The plaintiff and defendant walked out together. At the earnest solicitation of Mrs. Pass, the plaintiff was allowed to remain a fortnight longer, and the defendant went with her to Hull, when she left for home. In the summer of 184-f, the defendant went to Sheffield, and visited some ladies of the name of Cakes, and whilst there he met with the plaintiff's brother, and he expressed a wish to renew his acquaintance with the plaintiff. He afterwards went to the house of the plaintiff's father, where he psid considerable attention to the plaintiff, and eventually promised to marry her when he was twenty-one. He attained his majority on the 9th of March, and appointed the 3rd April for the wedding-day. The dresses were ordered. The defen- dant wanted to be married in a week. Walked out with her ainongst her friends and introduced himself a9 her future husband, and he asked her uncle to go with the party to church and give the bride away. He then said he would go to see his guardian, and left under a promise to return in a week. He never came back or wrote any explanation of his conduct, but after an absence of some weeks he went to the house of Mrs. Grainger, at Sher- borne, near York, and when asked to explain his conduct, he either did not or could not do so, but merely said he was much attached to Miss Pass. Mrs. Pass asked him what was the reason for treating her daughter in such a way. He wished to see Miss Pass, but she then refused to see him, and he had the effrontery to tell Mrs. Pass that he positively denied making any promise at all. The mother of the plaintiff and other witnesses were called, who proved the courtship, the promises of the defendant, and the preparations for the weddinsr. Mr. Watson addressed the jury for the defence. He con- tended that, although the Attorney-General ha!Ÿopened the case as one of great gravity, it was quite clear that no such gravity belonged to it. He ridiculed the idea of there having been any promise made, and appealed to the jury whether, even if there had been a promise at all, it was well that it had not been effected, for it would have been a hasty, ill-conditioned match, made by a mere lad, raw from school. He blamed the father of the plaintiff for not having consulted the defendant's guar- dian upon the subject, and he thought that very slight damages would be sufficient to meet the justice of the case. His Lordship, in summing up, went through the pleas, remarking that the defendant had better not have charged the plaintiff with having extorted the promise by fraud or covin. And then came that—most singular plea of drunkenness—a plea which, if true, was not calculated to exalt the character of the defendant; and the feelings of a lady who wished to marry a contirmed drunkard could not be very refined. But it happened that the defendant had not made out his plea. It would be for the jury to decide what damage ought to be awarded. No doubt both plaintiff and defendant were very young; but there was no proof that the defendant was a fool and did not know what he was about. Verdict for the plaintiff—Damages, £200. CHARGE OF MURDER.—At the same assizes before Mr. Baron Rolfe, George Hill, aged 26, master mariner, was charged with the wilful murder of Ben Jonson, on the high seas, within the jurisdiction of England, on the 2nd of May last, by striking, kicking, and throwing him down upon the deck of a certain vessel, and also by beating him with a rope and a paddle. The prisoner pleaded not guilty. The deceased was a Kroo-man, and about 28 or 30 years of age. The prisoner was charged with having committed the offence 011 the voyage home to Liverpool from the coast of Africa on the night of the 1st of May. From the evidence we perceive that the provocation given by the poor fellow was inattention to his duty—sleepiness during his watch; in fact so-over- come was he by sleep that he fell down the companion ladder. He ascended on deck without assistance, and then the prisoner went to him and treated him as follows, being the evidence of the second mate, Henry Holmes: — "When the deceased reached the top of the stairs on the night in question, he rested on the top of the companion for a few moments, and then laid down on the deck. Shortly afterwards the captain came up, took up a rope, and commenced flogging the deceased. At intervals the deceased screamed out. The captain beat him for about ten minutes, and then seemed to be tired, and said the rope was too light. He then took hold of a paddle, and beat the deceased with it. He struck him repeatedly about the head and shofllders. The deceased was in a stooping position, and ran against me with his head. The prisoner got hold of the deceased, dragged him back, and again commenced beating him. The deceased left a mark of blood on my trousers, where he had run against me. Lyons (a seaman) was then at the wheel, but he was sent down into the cabin by the captain to fetch the lamp. He remained some time below, when the captain told him to hurry up, or he would warm him also. When the lamp was brought up I examined the deceased. The head and face were corered with blood, and there was a large quantity of blood on the deck. The nose was cut through, and also the lip, and there was a wounlllike a stab on the throat, under the jaw. His hair was clotted with blood. The captain saw him at the time. He then called to Angus to take him away, and throw some water on him, which he did, and also washed the thick blood off the deck. Saw the deceased a little after eight o'clock lying abreast of the galley. He appeared only to be just alive, He went to the fore-top, and from thence saw the cook and captain give the deceased some- thing out of a cup with a spoon." The evidence of various witnesses went to show that the prisoner had been guilty of the most unmanly cruelty to the poor African, who died at about 11 o'clock in the forenoon, The jury found the prisoner guilty of Manslaughter," and the learned judge, who said, it was the worst case that ever came before a court," sentenced him to be transported for life—a sentence which certainly he richly merited.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. e- A //COMMUNICATIONS and ADVERTISEMENTS intended for this JOURNAL should be forwarded early in the Week-not later than THURSDAY MORNING. OUR READERS AND SUBSCRIBERS.—e should feel obliged to such of our friends and readers as will send us information of matters of local and general interest— meetings and incidents occurring in their respective neighbourhoods. The obligation would be enhanced by the information being authenticated by the name and address of the correspondent.
FRIDAY. AUGUST 29. 1845. The Lord James Stuart, Lady James Stuart, and family, left Cardiff Castle on Monday last, for Scotland. The barristers appointed to revise the lists of voters for this county are John Wilson, Esq., and E. C. Lloyd Hall, Esq. The accomplished members of Cooke's celebrated circus astonished the inhabitants of this place with their per- formances on Tuesday and Wednesday last. ON Saturday last, a little boy. named Edward Dart, aged 4 years, and the son of Stephen Dart, who resides in Wharton Place, was severely bitten by a dog belonging to a Mrs. Evans, of Wharton-street. LOCAL IMPROVEMENT.—The Surveyor of the High- ways having received estimates for cleansing and covering the drain in Whitmore Lane near the Gas Works, we earnestly. hope that he will no longer delay in com- encing this very necessary public improvement. VOCAL ENTERTAINMENT. — We perceive by an adver- tisement in another column, that on Wednesday evening, the 24th of September, the inhabitants of Cardiff and its neighbourhood will have an opportunity of being de- lighted with the exquisite vocal abilities of Mr. Wilson, who intends giving his "Scottish Entertainments." Early applications should be made for places in the dress circle, as we feel confident the house will be crammed to the ceiling. ACCIDENT.—On Thursday last, a little girl whilst run- ning across Duke-street, was knocked down by a gig, one of the wheels of which passed over her back. At first it was supposed that the accident would terminate fatally, but we find this (Friday) morning that no serious consequences are to be apprehended, and that the injuries sustained are not of a very alarming character. WIIITCIIURCII. We had the pleasure, on Sunday last, of being present in the morning service at the above Church, where the Rev. W. Payne, M.A., chaplain of the Caledonia, officiated in the absence of the Rev. R. Pritchard, The sermon, to which we would especially allude, hsd for its text 1st verse of the 7th chap. 2nd Cor., Having there- fore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse our- selves from all nithiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God." The reverend gentleman possesses in an eminent degree the felicity of simplifying, by a method peculiarly his own, the doctrinal tenets of our holv religion, and a correctness of diction which gives powerful effect to every sentence. The discourse breathed throughout the salutary and healing spirit of the gospel. The conclusion, a climax sublimely beautiful, where the law and the gospel, like the confluence of kindred streams, unite and tranquilly blend their tributary virtues, and finally repose iu the halo of the Piviae benediction CORONER'S INQUEST.—An inquest was held at the Railway and Steam-packet Hotel, Bute-sNeet, on the evening of Monday last, before Charles R. Vachelh Esq., M.D., deputy-coroner, on view of the body of a lad named John Gillmore, which was found that morning floating in the Bute Docks, by one Joseph Wright, and conveyed by the directions of Mr. Superintendent Stock- dale to the public-house just mentioned. By the evidence adduced, it appeared, that the deceased was a fatherless idiot boy, aged 11 years, who was left by a relative under the care of a person, named Mark Curry, on the 7th of August; and that on the 17th August, Curry's wife saw him last alive. His relative (a wanderer) returned to Cardiff on the 17th of August, and finding the boy miss- ing, instituted a rigorous search—caused him to be cried" twice, but did not succeed in obtaining any in. formation respecting him. The jury, at the suggestion of the deputy-coroner, returned a verdict of Fouud dead," as there was no evidence to show how or by what means the deceased had met with his death, although circumstances rendered it very probable that he had accidentally fallen into the dock, and had been drownell.. WESTERN CIRCUIT.—BRISTOL, AUG. 20.-[BEFonS Mn. JUSTICE EIILE.] FRANCIS AND ANOTHER v. GROVER—This was a feigned issue from the Court of Chancery to try the validity 0 of a clause in the will of John Key, of Ely, near Cardiff, by which a legacy was left to Margaret Evans. The legacy was bequeathed in the following words:—" I give and bequeath unto Margaret Evans the sum of £ 20 a year, to be paid during the term of her natural life." The will was regularly executed, but the words quoted had a pencil mark through them, and the question in issue was, whether that erasure was designed by the testator to be a cancella- tion of that bequest. The testator, Mr. Key, by his will, left several legacies to his servants, of whom Margaret Evans (wife of the plaintiff) was one, and his will was drawn with much particularity. It was executed in the year 1805, three years before the death of the testator, who resided at Cardiff, and left a gentleman named Greenwood as his sole executor. Mr. Greenwood paid I the legacy to Mr. Francis up to the time of his death in 1827. The grandson of Mr. Key, for whom the bulk of the property had been devised in trust, afterwards became of age, and 011 getting possession of his property he pro- cured the will from Mr. Greenwood, arid on minutelv ex- amining it discovered the pencil marks referred to. The grandson (Mr. Grover) then refused to pay the legacy any longer. Things remained in this state till 1833, when a gentleman named Dalton, on behalf of the plaintiff, filed a bill in Chancery, with which, however, he did not proceed. Subsequently, in 1843, the suit was revived, and the result of it was, that Mr. Vice Chancellor Wigram had sent down the present, issue for trial. The counsel for the defendant contended that the erasure amounted to cancellation of the will, which the testator had in- tended in consequence of his having quarrelled with Margaret Evans. The counsel directed the attention of the learned judge to various cases bearing upon the present issue, and asked the jury to conclude that, the erasure was a deliberate act of the testator, which was intended to be as final and conclusive as if he had erased it in ink. Mr. Justice Erie summed up the case with much clearness, explaining the law relating to wills, and the mode in which they could be legally revoked. The jury without hesitation found a verdict for the plaintiffs, thereby deciding that the erasure did not amount to can- celling the legacy. THE LATIJ DEAN OF LLANDAFF.—On Sunday last, the relations of this lamented dignitary attended at the Cathe- ) dral, Llandaff, when a most feeling and appropriate ser- mon was delivered by the Itev. Evan Price Thomas, Junior Vicar Choral. The text was from 20th of 1st Sam., v. 3—" There is but a step between me and Death." The Rev. Gentleman dilated in forcible language on the character of the late Dean, and forcibly insisted on the advantage of profiting by so bright an example. He dilated in feeling language on the powerful discourse (the last which he ever preached) that the Dean had delivered within those walls on last Trinity Sunday, the 18th May; and felt assured that no one who then heard him would forget that Saviour whose Divinity was on that occasion 10 beautifully declared. The discourse seemed to make a deep impression on a large and serious audience. We i observed the families of Duffryn, Coedriglan, and St. Hilary, present. The Prayers and most of the Seiviee were read by the Rev. J. M. Traherne, the Chancellor of the Cathedral. An admirable sermon was also preached j in the afternoon of the same day by the Rev. — Payne, on the virtues and the infirmities of Hezekiah, from 32d chapter 2nd Book of Chronicles, v. 31. AT a monthly meeting of the Commissioners appointed under the Cardiff Improvement Act. held on Monday last, we understand it was resolved to order that Little Fre- derick-street should be forthwith pitched and paved and that notices should be given to the owners of all houses situate in that street to do so within one month from the date of the meeting. Orders were made for payment to the surveyor of £ 14 17s. for payment of bills incurred during the past month in repairing the pitching, paving, crossings of the town, and for sweeping the sheets to the contractor on account of broken stones for the roads in Saint Mary's-street and other parts of the town, the sum of JE5: for payment of the property tax on monies borrowed the sum of £2 3s. 9d: to the Cardiff Gas and Coke Company the sum of £257 3s. 8d.—in all £279 4s. 5d. The collector being much in arrear in the col- lection of the current rate, the meeting was adjourned for fourteen days in order to enable him to take such measures as are required by the Act of Parliament to en- force payment of the rate. LLANDAFF.—On Saturday afternoon last, an accident took place, near Llandaff, by which a. man, whose name we have not been able to ascertain, received such severe injuries as to render it necessary for him to be confined to his bed. Mr. John Williams, of Crosvane's cart having some bars of iron in it, was descending the hill towards LhuJaff turnpike-gate, when the horse suddenly darted off, having been, probably, hurt by the projection of one of the bars. The cart came in contact with the gate post, which it bore down, and also ran against the man above referred to. We understand that the only blame to be attached to the driver is, that he did not see that the bars were properly secured in the cart previous to commencing his journey. On Sunday morning a barn fell down in Llandaff with a crash that shook the surrounding houses, causing some to imagine that the prognostications of Mr. Piince were about to be verified. This building bad been for some time in Captain Hill's possession, who generally spent some time ill it daily during week days: providentially, at the time of the accident, no person was near, otherwise the consequences would inevitably have been most disastrous. CARDIFF MARKET, 23rd Aug. —Beef, 7d.; mutton, 6id. 7d.; lamb, ûtd., 7d.; veal, 6|d, 7d.; geese, 3s. 6d. each; ducks, 3s. 6d. to 4s. per couple fowls, 2s. 6d. to 3s. do.; butter, Is. per lb. j cheese, Gd. to 7id. do eggs, f Od. per doz.; potatoes, 5s. to 5s. 6d. per sack, or 2s. per cwt.; apricots, Is. Gd, per doz.; plums, 4J. per quart. CARDIFF SAVINGS' BANK.—Saturday, Aug. 16, 1845. Amount of deposits received, £171 Is. OIl. amount paid, JC214 2s. Id.; number of depositors, 38 Satur- day. Aug. 23.—Amount received, £162 5s. Od. amount paid, £49 12s. 7d; number of depositors, 21. THE HARVEST. The weather during the week has been rather changeable-alternately dry and very hot, and \eij wet. e have spoken to many practical farmers on v the subject, and they seem to anticipate, upon the whole, at least an average crop. Accounts from different parts of the kingdom vary much: perhaps no better summary can be given than the following, which we extract from the columns of the Morning Post:—Whatever may be the result of the present harvest, it is, we believe, unques- tionable, that so far as human exertions can go, much more has been done in the last year to obtain a good pro- duce from the land thaaHvas ever done before. We are not without strong hope that even yet a fair crop will be obtained this season; certainly inferior in quality to that of last year, but probably considerably more in quantity. This we say, though we suspect that most of the accounts from thfi country which tell us that as yet no damage has been done are more flattering than true. Some districts have indeed been wonderfully fortunate compared with others; but we lather think it must be admitted that in all more or less damage has been done to the grain crops. On the other hand, it should be observed that the crops were heavier on the ground at the end of July than they were almost ever known to be before and if four-fifths of the corn should come to maturity and be safely har- vested, the crop .will still be an average one. It is also to be observed, that while last year was almost a failure in respect to green crops and roots, this year promises the greatest abundance in that description of farming. Last year the difficulty was to flud food for cattle; this year it is to find stock to eat the foo l. Upon the whole, not- withstanding the scarcity of sunshine this year and the abundance of wet, we may hope that, taking- all things together, there will be a fair average of general produce aud though the toil and Anxiety of the farmer will be great, the ultimate results will be better than they some- times are in seasons which lead to very low prices." v TRUE IVORITF.S.—On Tuesday last, the Ivorites of this town, had what may be termed "'a field day." Eaily in the forenoon, the members, arrayed in scarfs,"&c., assembled at their lodge rooms at the Marchioness of Bute Inn, Great Frederick-street, and the Hill's Arms, llill's-ter- race and having met in Great Frederick-street, pro- ceeded in procession, preceded by a band of music, tnd accompanied with banners and the regalia of the lodges, through the principal streets of the town. The proces- sion then directed its course to the Welsh Baptist Chapel, wheie a most instructive discourse was delivered by the minister, which, we are informed, the Ivorites listened to with great attention. After Divine service, the proces- sion was again formed, and after perambulating several streets, returned to Great Frederick-street, where it I divided into two parts,—one proceeding to HiU's-tenace and the other to tho Marchioness of Bute Inn. The odga rooms 'especially that in Great Frederick-street— ra0it tastefully decorated with evergreens, festoons floweis, &c., and presented a pleasing and gay appear- ance. Dinner had been, of course, provided at both lodge rooms. With respect to the proceedings at the xlarchioness of Bute lodge, we can only state that the entertainment prepared was in every respect excellent— nist-rate, and was placed upon the table in a manner circulated to verlect great credit upon the esteemed host and hosteas (Mr. and Mrs. John) who were throughout the thy most active in their exertions towards rendering the festivities as complete as possible. At the Hill's Arms, we believe, Mrs. Morgan had not been negligent, the best proof of which is that the members expressed the greatest satisfaction with the dinner placed before them. About 120 members, we understand, dined, including the number at both lodges. Everything r,assed off remaik- *bly Well,