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(General fttigcrUattg*


(General fttigcrUattg* THE GREAT WESTERN LIVERPOOL, TUESDH.-The steam-ship Great Western arrived in the Mersey lns-t evening, after a passage of 18 days, the unusual length of which is attributable to the heavy contrary weather she experienced. A MAN STRUCK DUMB.—Tuesday morning, between seven and eight o'clock, as a man named Benjamin Reynolds, residing in St. Andrew-street, Seven-dials, London, was conversing with some of his companions, he suddenly exclaimed, "I am losing my spe.ech," and the next moment was unable to utter a word, though in full posession of all his other faculties. The Hon. Col. G. R. Rice Trevor, M.P., and Mrs. Trevor and family, are on the eve of proceeding to the Continent for the improvement of the hon. member's health and it is understood that Mr. Saunders Davies, M.P., will be appointed an additional vice-lieutenant for Carmarthenshire. The 37th Regiment, quartered at Gosport, are to pro- ceed to Wales, and will be replaced by the 74th Regi- ment from Canterbury. The 55th Regiment, quartered at Winchester, are to proceed to Plymouth, and to be re- placed at Winchester by the 3rd Regiment, from Chi- chester. The latter will be relieved at Chichester by the 13th Regiment from Dover, lately returned from India. We understand that a company is now being formed for the prosecution of the northern sea4 and whale fishing. This undertaking is of national importance, and should be backed by all the influence of Government. The marriage of Miss Mary Frances Blomfield, daughter of the Lord Bishop of London, with the Rev. Prebendary C. B. Dalton, one of his Lordship's chaplains, is fixed for Thursday next, and will take place at Fulham. The Very Rev. Archdeacon Hale has been selected to perform the ceremony. THE BISHOP or ST. ASAPH.-The Bishop of St. Asaph (Dr. Carey) remains seriously indisposed, and has been ordered not to leave London for his episcopal resi- dence in Wales; indeed, fears are entertained that he will not survive his present attack. A THING THAT OUGHT TO BE KNOWN.—The beech tree is said to be a non-conducter of lightning. So noto- rious is the fact, the Indians, whenever the sky wears the appearance of a thunder storm, leave their pursuits and take refuge under the nearest beech tree. In Tenessee the people consider it a complete protection. Dr. Bector, in a letter to Dr. Mitchell, states that the beech tree is never known to be struck by atmospheric electricity, while other trees are often shattered in splinters. May not a knowledge of this afford protection to many when exposed i-Ame)-ican paper. FORTIFICATIONS AT PLYMOUTH.—The government commenced the fortification of Staddon Heights Monday. The improvements in the fortifications of Maker Heights, on the opposite side of the sound, and of Drake's Island, have been progressing for some time. BREACH OF PROMISE.—At the Cork Assizes an action for breach of promise of marriage, wherein Miss Little, the daughter of Dr. Little, of Sligo, was plaintiff, and Mr. George Newenhain, a gentleman of the neighbourhood, defendant, was tried. Damages were laid at £ 5000. The jury gave the plaintiff JE700, with 6d. costs. Defendant bad paid JE500 into court. The age of Miss Little is 26 or 27—Mr. Newenhain is a widower, aged 53 years. MIRACULOUS ESCAPE.—Budleigh Salterton has been the scene of a most thrilling incident. Six infant chil- dren, on Wednesday morning, got into a boat on the beach, and a mischievous boy shoved it off. The boat drifted away to sea before the children were missed. Terrible was the agony of the mothers when they knew it. Daylight returned, and still no tidings of the helpless children. A Plymouth trawler, fishing the follow. ing morning, saw something floating at the distance; he bore down to it, and discovered it to be the boat, and in the bottom the six children, all cuddled in like a nest of birds, fast asleep. Five of these children were under We five years of age, the sixth is but 9 years oldi-~lfcj^rji Times. HORRIBLE INFANTICIDE AT BRIGHTON.—A deter- mined case of infanticide was discovered at Brighton on Saturday, in the house of W. Hammond, Esq., a gentle- man of fortune, residing at No. 18, Brunswick-square. Sarah Wathen, lady's-maid in the family, was discovered on Satuidav to have been delivered of a child, and to have severed its head from its body. An inquest on the body was held at the Kerrison Arms, Hove, on Monday morn- iiig, before F. H. Gell, Esq., coroner for East Sussex, and a respectable jury, when, from the evidence adduced by the prisoner's fellow-servants of the revolting particu- lars, and by the surgeon who was sent for, and on exa- mination found that the child was full grown, and was born alive, the jury, after a Filort deliberation, returned a verdict of Wilful Murder;" and the coroner thereupon issued his warrant for the committal of Wathen to the Lewes gaol for trial at the next assizes. TIIE LATE FRAUDS ON THE CUSTOMS.—It will be re- collected that an application was made to Mr. Ballantine, at the Thames Police Court, for a warrant to apprehend two persons -one a clerk in the warehousing department of the Customs in the London Dock, the other a mer- chant, who had conspired to defraud the revenue of the duties on a large quantity of nutmegs and pepper. The merchant p:iid the duties on a much smaller quantity of goods than the clerk made out a delivery order for, and consequently the Crown was cheated of the duty payable oil the excess. The magistrate thought it was either a case for indictment at the sessions or for an exchequer process, and said that before he interfered in the matter he shouldjike to see the solicitor of Customs himself. Since then Exchequer processes have been issued against the parties concerned in the fraud, and on Tuesday last the cieik engaged in the transaction was arrested and conveyed to Whitecross-street prison, where he remained till Friday, when he put in bail to the amount of 1:500 to appear and take his trial next term. GROUSE.—Judging from the quantity of birds poured into the poultry market, there does not seem to be any deficiency of moor game. The accounts from the York- shire moors are, however, very much at variance with each other, some of them speaking of great plenty and others of a scanty supply. Both are probably true, the abundance of supply to the high and dry moors, and the deficiency to the low and less favouraile ranges. The young birds are generally fine and plump the old thin and scranny. A reduction of 2s. fid. a brace has taken place in the Leeds market within the last two days; the price on Wednesday, the 13th, being 8s. 6d., and yester- day Gs. per brace. Leeds \tercury MINERAL EXPORT TRADE.—We extract the following from the declared value of the expoits of the principal Articles of British and Irish Produce and Manufactures, in the five months ended June 5, 1845, compared with the Exports iu the corresponding periods of 1843 and 1844 1843. 1844. 1845. Coals and culm, £ 202,231 £ -244,147 £ 337,325 Iron and steel 1,019 157 1.239,056 1,335,082 Copper and brass 704,810 748,130. 740,040 Lead 123,195 123,97.3. 102,429 Tin, in bars, &c. 44,834 33,673 10,424 Tin plates 1^,728 218..580. 257,412 Salt 81,613 70,090 67,649 NEW RAILWAYS SANCTIONED. By an official parlia- mentary return, it appears that 112 of the projected railways have been passed during the last session The capital aUlhorisetl to be raised for these amounts to £ 43,058,900. independent of lines to the extent of 14,791,000, together forming a total capital of £ 58,452,900. These 112 new rai'waj s comprise a length of 2860 miles-a greater length than the whole of the lines now in opera- tion in the kingdom. The average cost per mile, is, therefore, £ 15,262, without taking into account the loans; if they be included as a part of the capital, the mileage cost is then equal £ 20,438. During the previous sesiion of 1844, 31 bills for new railways were passed, the authorised capital for which was £ 11,701,717 loans, £ 3,920,570; together, £ 15,6H2,287. The total length of these railways was 819 miles. The average cost, there. fore, per mile was 1: 14,3(11, not including loans, being an estimate of cost per mile of £901 below that for the lines of this srssion but, including the loans, the average cost was jE: t9,t 48. or £ 1.290, less than that irem forthe rail. ways just sanctioned. The projectors of late iaihvayS) therefore, s'ctn to have been more liberally inclined in their ptovisioiis for the construction of their lines than her-tofore; and, though we are willing to concede that lines of the present day are capable of being made for much less that what they cost years ago, we believe pro- jectors have done wisely in making some advance on the estimates of 1844.-Herapatk's Railway Journal DISCOVERY OF HUMAN SKELETONS.—LUTTEUWORTH, AUG. 17 —Last week the village of Molton, in ftorth- hamptonshire, presented a scene of considerable excite- ment, caused by the discovery of the skeletons of three human beings. 1' appears that some men were engaged in digging a piece of ground adjoining the school house, when they came to the remains of a man who had appa- rently been hastily buried and after digging a little fur- ther from the same spot, they came to the remains of two human beings, one lying across the other. As no battle bad ever been fought in the neighbourhood, the inference was that ail thi'ee Parties liad come unfairly by their deaths. The sext°n was informed of the circ,m.*stance> when he came to the place, collected the bones together, and buried them 111 th.e churchyard, but without commu- nicating with the vicar or the civil authorities the circumstances subsequently coming to the knowledge of the minister, he expressed great displeasure at the conduct adopted by the sexton, but did not give any orders to have the bones exhumed, or, as far as we on learn, give any intimation of the circumstance8 to the coroner; as there is no doubt, had the latter being ac- quainted with the matter, he would have instituted an inquiry, and thus have obtained some solution of an affair which is at present enveloped in complete mystery. DREADFUL RAILWAY ACCIDENT.—A frightful accident occurred oil the Manchester and Leeds line on Tuesday night. The Express train, which leaves Leeds at six o'clock, P.M., started with a powerful Eliginr and two first class carriages only. It proceeded at a 9 wry rapid rate, and about seven miles from Leeds it ittained a very high speed. A witness of it, who hves clese to the line, told me he never saw a train going SQ fast: he thought it went fifty miles an hour! The engine sprang from the rails, ran along the ground thirty yards, and then down an embankment of about forty feet. The engine was very much damaged, he first carriage shi- vered, and the next carriage m ,wh broken. All the pas- sengers were horribly cut and shaken. A lady and gen- tleman and daughier, were taken to the infirmary, all hor- ribly mangled. The stoker was much hurt. The en- gineer appeared to come off the iest. I trust that this accident will call forth your ab.epf-n, to endeavour to put a stop to travelling above twenty-five miles per hour I on narrow guage lines. Parliament must interfere, or we •hall have murders upon a whclesale scale,-Sun, DANGER TO ST. PETER s AT ROME.—A letter from Rome contains the following:—One of the most splendid monuments of Catholic art, the dome of St. Peter's at Rome, inspires serious alarm in the minds of the archi- tects of the city. For a long time past the cupola has been cranked in many placcs, and ten arches of iron, weighing 60,000 kilogrammes, have been placed so as to prevent its fall. It has just been discovered that the lanternino, above which rises the cross which crowns the edifice, is cracked through and through. The numerous lightning conductors which had been erected by Pope Pius VII., for the protection of the edifice, removes all idea of this mischief having been the effect of a thunder- storm. The lanternino is being surrounded by heavy iron chains, to prevent the cracks from extending. The restoration of the ancient Basilic of St. Paul, on the Ostia-road, and which was destroyed by fire some years since, is almost completed. An English company has just made a proposition to the Papal Government for deepening the Tiber. It demands neither payment nor indemnity, hoping to repay itself by the monuments of antiquity which it expects to find in the bed of the river. If the Pontifical Government accede to this offer, it is thought at Rome that the company will have an excellent bargain. —Galignani. EXECUTION FOR MURDER.—The execution of Benjamin Ellison for the murder of Elizabeth Seaman, (a person respectably connected in Swansea),' took place on the new drop in front of the county gaol at Bodmin, on Monday week, at noon. The prisoner, who was evi- dently a man of very strong nerve, had maintained the greatest firmness throughout his trial, eating heartily of sandwiches, and taking notes of the evidence; he received his sentence with great composure. This firm- ness and indifference continued until Wednesday week, up to which time he had buoyed himself up with the hope of a reprieve, neither acknowledging nor denying his guilt. On being told there was no hope, he treated it with astonishing firmness. His conduct has been very exemplary since his condemnation, and his engagement in prayer incessant. He spoke very feelingly of the at- tention of the Chaplain, expressing his gratitude for the unremitted kindness which he received from the rev. gentleman, and the other officers of the prison, and especially from the Governor (Mr. Everest). Previous to the prisoner's coming out of his cell, he said to the executioner, "You must do your duty." On observing the Sheriff, he requested that gentleman to permit him to have his face covered when led to the drop. On being told that it could not be allowed, the prisoner coolty bowed. The prisoner, when in the press-room, engaged fervently in prayer for some minutes, and on leaving it said, "0 Lord thou gavest to me my soul, and he pleased to take it again He prayed for all his enemies and the spec- tators come to witness his execution for the sake of curiosity." He then said to the executioner, Put down my shirt and coat collar;" and on that person's trying to take off his stock before, he told him it was fastened behind, also adding, II My hands are too loose, I fear." He walked from the Chapel to the drop with unabated firmness, and on leaving the Chapel, requested to be al- lowed to put on a black coat, which was permitted, the prisoner having worn the blue frock-coat in which he was tried at the Chapel. This alteration made, the prisoner was dressed entirely in black. OJ) stepping on the drop, he stood perfectly erect, and turning round to the executioner again said, "Put down the collar of my shirt, I fear it is in the way." He said not a word to the multitude, which it is calculated amounted to 20,000 persons. The executioner carefully adjusted the rope, to facilitate the death of the wretched man, who aided him in doing so by holding his head on one side. After the cap was placed on, the unhappy man seemingly engaged in prayer, and repeated audibly "0 Lord into thy hands I commend my spirit." He spoke a few words to the executioner, and then the drop fell. There was a slight movement of the hands on the fall of the drop, and in about eight minutes after a strong convulsive movement of the whole frame. The prisoner was a tall man, six feet high. lie had received a superior education, and had moved in a respectable situation in life, having been connected with the manufacturing interests of his native country. He has left a wife and family to lament his untimely and disgraceful end. BILLIARD AND BAGATELLE TABLE?.—In the new act to amend the law concerning games and wagers, which has just been printed, there are several provisions re- specting the regulations to be enforced as to the keeping of billiard and bagatelle tables. Persons keeping inns, ale-houses, and victualling-houses are to apply to the justices at licensing sessions to grant licenses at their discretion to keep billiard and bagatelle boards, or in- struments used in any game of the like kind. The licenses are to be annual, for which a sum of 6s. on each is to be charged. With regard to places other than those mentioned, and which abound in the metropolis, licenses in Middlesex and Surrey are to be taken out after the 5th of April last, and elsewhere after the 10th of October next; and during the continuance of such licenses the words Licensed for billiards" shall be conspicuously exhibited. Persons keeping such places without licenses are to be considered as keepers of common gaming-houses, and proceeded against accordingty and, on conviction, in a summary manner to pay or be committed to prison. Billiards are not to be played after one o'clock, and before eight of the clock ill the morning of any dav," nor on Sundays, or other days appointed to be kept as a public fast or thanksgiving. All constables and officers are empowered to enter places where billiards or bagatelle are played as often as they think proper, and on refusal to be admitted the keepers to be deemed guilty of an offence against the tenor of their licenses. I:> GREAT NORTH AND SOUTH WALES AND WORCESTER RAILWAY.—The promoters of this project, consisting of some of the most influential gentleman in the princi- pality of Wales, have long considered the best method of connccting the nonh and south counties with the best point of comrnunicatioll to the metropolis and Birming- ham, and havertt length decided on the present plan. The proposed line wilJ cocrlllllence at Carnarvon and terminate at Carmarthen, with a branch to Cardigan, taking in the important towns and ports of Lampeter, Tregaron, Aberystwith, round Cadcr Idris by Doljjelly, Tremadoc, Hantlyfne. and Carnarvon this line will thus afford the most accessible and direct communication with Fishguard, Newport, Newqnay. Aberayrou,- Aberdovey, and Bar- month. This railway will form an excellent point for a junction with the Welsh Midland and South Wales Rail- way, and th is connect the whole of Wales with the me- tropolis and the midland and manufacturing counties of England, offering in all directions outlets for the mineral and agricultural produce of Wales—her slate, coa?, iron. tin plates, butter, fruit, woollen goods, &c., and the com- pletion and occupation of this line wit), no doubt, bring into cultivation many thousand acres of laud now lying barren, by the cheap introduction of lime where difficult to be procured. The line has been surveyed, and chosen through waste or sheep walk of little value, and where no severe engineering difficulties shall greatly enchance the cost. Through a country like Wales, with its romantic scenery, and mineral and other treasures, there is no doubt railways, when once established, will pay a fair return to the shareholder, and the one under notice, con- necting so many populous districts, with four coast har- bours, bids fair to be among those whose returns of trafic will continually increase, aud thus pay a fair a"iount of profit. GAMING-HOUSES.—In the new act concerning games and wagers there are several provisions respecting gaming-houses. In order to remove the difficulties which have arisen on prosecutions, to prove that the house alleged was a common gaming house, it is now provided, that in the absence of other evidence it shall be sufficient to show that the place is kept open or used for playing therein at any unlawful game, and that a bank is kept there by one or more of the players exclusively of the others, or that the chances of any game played therein are not alike favourable to all the players, including among the players the banker or other person by whom the game is managed, or against whom the other players stake, play, or bet, and every such house or place shall be deemed a common gaming-house. In places out of the jurisdiction of the metropolitan police, magistrates may issue warrants to officers to enter houses. Persons keeping gaming-houses, and every person having the care or management of the same, and also hankers, croupiers, & may now be summarily convicted, and fined JE100, or sent to prison for six months, and on non-payment of penalties, a warrant of distress levied on their goods. It shall not be necessary in future to prove that the persons found playing wero playing for any money, wairer, or stake. I he commissioners of police may authorise a superintendent and constable to enter gaming-houses, and to seize all instruments of gaming, and to take into custody all persons found therein. Search may be made for instruments of gaming. In proceedings to be insti- tuted after the passing of this act, it shall be sufficient evidence to show that there were cards, dice, balls, coun- ters, tables, or other instruments in the room entered, or on the person seized, although no play was actually going on at the time, and all such things shall be destroyed. Witnesses examined on gambling transactions are to receive from the magistrates before whom they are callad certificates of indemnification, FATAT. CONFLICT BETWEEN A HUSBAND AND WIFE. —On the night of Thursday week considerable excite, ment was caused in the neighbourhood of Tower-street, London, by the universal prevalence of a report that a man of the name of Joseph Williams Bean had murdered his wife, at his residence, G, Priest-alley, l ower-street, City. It appears that between eight and nine o'clock the lodgers in the upper floor were alarmed by a violent wrangling between the parties, who at the time were in their apartments on the ground-floor. Shortly after- wards blows were heard, and a noise, as of a weight having fallen upon the floor. The assistance of the police having been obtained, Sergeant Miller, of the Power-street division, entered the apartment, and finding the woman lying on the floor, he demanded the cause of the occurrence, when he was informed that the woman hail been accusing her husband of ill-treating the family, and that he had subsequently struck her, immediately after which she fell backwards upon the ground, the heel of her boot having caught in a hole in the floor, in conse- quence of which it had been torn off from the upper leather. She then appeared to be in the agonies of death. Medical aid was instantly procured, Mr. Robin- son, the surgeon to the Custom-house, and Mr. Hutchinson, of 16, Trinity-square, being very quickly upon the spot. Mr. Robinson attempted to bleed the unfortunate creature, but life was ebbing fast; her neck was broken, and in a few minutes she expired, The acting insp ctor (Mr. Teague) immediately took Bean into custody, and he was at once conveyed to the chief police station in the City (Bow-lane), to await the result of a coroner's jury, which it is expected would sit upon the body on Biiday. The woman who has thus perished is only 39 jears of age. ANOTHER JJREADFUL UASE or HYDROPHOBIA. — Oil the 20th of last month, a young man, the son of a fisher- man, of the name of Arkden, residing in Barking Creek, whilst in a field in the rear of his father's house, was bitten in the leg by a pup of the mastiff breed the lad took but little notice of the place, and a few days after- wards it healed up. On Thursday morning week he for the first time complained of a pain in the thigh, which in- creased until it reached the right side, accompanied with vomiting to au extent which compelled him to go home, and he was put to bed. In the morning he complained of severe pains in the head, thirst, and a feeling as if being strangled. His parents sent for Mr. Henderson, the nearest medical practitioner, and in the interim the mother desired her son to wash his face, but upon bringing some water he exhibited the mort intense agony, dashing it from him, and fainting. In that state he was found by Mr. Henderson, who immediately declated it to be a case of hydrophobia. The usual remedies were applied, but with little effect. At one time it required the united efforts of four men (although but seventeen years of age) to hold him down. He was finally fastened to the bed, and at his own desire his eyes were covered, as even the shutting of a doort* or the passago of any one across the room, creating the slightest air, affecting him in a most frightful manner. He expired on Sunday morning a few minutes before five o'clock. FAILURE OF THE POTATOE Cnors.-It is with the deepest concern we learn that a species of blight has suddenly attacked the potatoe crops, which in its ravages, appears to have been by no means partial, but to have extended its influence throughout the country, and in some grounds to have totally destroyed the whole planta- tion. The haulm first indicates the attack by assuming a dark and withered appearance, and a speedy decompo- sition of the vegetable matter ensues, causing an intole- rahle stench to arise, impregnating the surrounding at- mosphere to such a degree that it has, in some instances, we understand, become necessary to burn it off the ground. The potatoes themselves are affected by becoming soft and pulpy on one side as if frost bitten, and are rendered totally unfit for the food of even cattle. Our horticulturists are unable satisfactorily to account for the blight by which this valuable esculent has been attacked; and if the reports that have reached us as to the extent of the injury sustained in the ciops, be not exaggerated, the failure will, we fear, be severely felt in the approach- ing winter, especially by the labouring poor. The affected potatoes are deemed so unwholesome and unfit for human food* that in sevei^t towns in this county, the sale of them has, it Is stat«r, beeu prohibited Tjy the public authorities. From a Correspondent of the Sussex Advertiser.