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--Britannia X.ife Assurance…





IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. HOUSE OF LORDS.—THURSDAY. GREECE.—Lord Beaumont again denounced system of brigandage perpetrated by Grecian soldiers on the Turkish frontier, which still continues. It was understood that Lord Aberdeen had demanded the recall of the commander, Valentza; yet he was still in command upon the frontier. The German papers assert that Lord Aberdeen approved of the policy of Coletti, and had withdrawn altogether from any interference in that quarter allowing the Greek Government to pursue its own course, and to ask advice of the French Consul, instead of Sir Edmund Lyons. Lord Beaumont hoped that the Foreign Secretary would be so explicit as to present misrepresentation, or the use of his name in supporting the present state of things. The Earl of Aberdeen admitted that the peculiar relation between this country and Greece, a state which this country with France and Russia created, would justify interference and he did not feel himself precluded from giving such counsel and advice as might tend to remedy those disorders; but he did not feel called upon to give any opinion as to the government of Coletti. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—WEDNESDAY. ACCIDENTS ON RAILWAYS-—MR. Bernal called attention to the recent accidents on railways. Sir R- Peel, amidst repeated cheers, said that the railway directors were bound to protect the public. It was no answer, when accidents occurred, to say that in coach travelling acci- dents were more frequent —they should seek to have no accidents at all. If railway proprietors failed in making proper provisions for the safety of the public, he was satisfied that Parliament would not hesitate to diminish their profits, with a view to pro- vide more efficaciously for the security of the lives of those whom they conveyed. NATIONAL DSFENCES.—Lord Palmerston stated some circum- stances of mismanagement on the Dover line which had come under his own observation; after which, he called attention to the state of our national defences. It was true, he said, that we were on the best terms with France, but it was to he recol- lected, nevertheless, that France had an army of 3.30,000 men- a large naval force, particularly in war stcamers-that a steam bridge might be thrown across the Channel without any difficulty should the present good understanding unhappily be broken, which it might be any month in the year, and that in such an event we were powerless for resistance. The noble lord argued at some length for the necessity of calling out our militia as usual for the full period of 28 days, by which course we might reckon upon a force of 50,000 men, if requisite, in case of an invasion, at an expense of only jE40,000 and he also contended for the necessity of taking a larger vote than the one already agreed to for the construction of harbours of refuge. Sir H. Peel said that this was a subject wliich, from a sense of public duty, he would not discuss in that house. There was no advantage 111 displaying to the world the extent of our re- sources but he would say this—that if a just war were to call forth the energies of the British nation, there never was a period in which she could make a more powerful demonstration than at the present moment. With respect to harbours of refuge, he was of opinion that they should proceed, as they were proceed- ing, cautiously. The apprehension of the noble lord somewhat surprised hitn for the noble lord was himself ten years in office without being assailed by any fears, although the country was then in a much more defenceless position than at present. With respect to the calling out of the militia, he hoped the house would not press him to state the intentions of the Govern- ment. lie would only say that he thought, in the present state of society in this country, that the present militia laws were not in any way adapted to it. He did not think that we should be running a race of rivalry, not of commerce and civilization, but of military display, with France, or any other power, though he admitted "that it was a nice point to judge where the necessity for self-defence terminated. Lord Palmerston said he had suggested no rivalry of military power with other nations. He had only referred to the great military power of France, and its means of descent by steam bridges. Sir It. Peel said it was to be recollected that steam bridges were available to both parties, and that we had steam bridges also. Lord Palmerston.— ies, but we have not an army. Sir C. Napier said that we were not so defenceless as the noble lord supposed, if it were really true, as he understood it to be, that in addition to 30,000 regular troops in-England, we could at any moment call out 50,000 serviceable pensioners, who had fought our battles in the Peninsula and elsewhere. The house was then about to resolve itself into committee, when Mr. Hume suggested the propriety of laying down rules for the transaction of business in the next session of Parliament. The Chancellor of the Exchequer said it might be serviceable if hon. members during the recess would read the debates with a view to see how much of the talking might have been advan- tageously spared, in order to profit by the information in future sessions. FRIDAY. GREECE and its disorders were the most prominent subject among the variety of business transacted in the House of Commons. It was introduced, under favour of a money-bill, by Lord Palmerston; who reviewed the history of the modern kingdom, from its erection at the peace in 1837 to the bloodless revolution in 184J, which effecte 1 the long delayed representa- tive constitution. At first, Mavrocordato, a good patriot, was appointed minister; but he was removed for Coletti, a states- man bred under Ali Pacha in Egypt; and the result is, that the country is in a state of anarchy. While 'he regular army is in arrears of pay, the public treasure is squandered 0:1 Ihcuds of Palichars, marauder's robbers, thieves, and plunderers, who commit the most abominable excesses assassinations go on in the capital; the country-people are torturell-mc.1 hung up by their feet and beaten as they swing-wild-cats put down the loose dresses of the women and depredations are committed on the Turkish frontier. The belief is, that Coletti wishes to provoke the Greek people into excesses that would seem to dis- prove their undoubted fitness for representative government. Lord Palmerston could not believe that France countenanced that policy-that she or Russia would refuse to join with England in representing that the constitution should not be set aside by the unjust exercise of arbitrary power. Mr. Baillie Cochrane corroborated that picture of the state of Greece. The King and people are equally victims of a low intriguer, for such is Coletti. The barbarities executed under orders are such that the local officers do not like to enter into particulars. But Coletti is the tool of M. Piscatory, the French minister in Greece; and he again, a vain man, is swayed by the French journals, which accused him of weakness; wherefore he tried to precipitate events and to become leader of a war-party. Mr. Cochrane strong'}' censured the insults which obliged General Church to resign his offices in Greece a man who had sold his commission in the British Army to devote the money to Greece, and had, by his counsel, saved the King from a forced abdication. V- Sir Robert Peel said, that however strong his own opinions, he was precluded as a Ministei from expressing them in the House of Commons. T [Our Parliamentary summary of Monday we are obliged to omit. Parliament will be prorogued on Saturday.]

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