Welsh Newspapers

Search 15 million Welsh newspaper articles

Hide Articles List

11 articles on this Page



[No title]




SOUTH WALES RAILWAY.—MONMOUTH AND HEREFORD RAILWAY. THURSDAY, July 24th.—The Committee appointed hy the House of Lords to consider these Bills met this day for the first time in the Rolls' Court. Peers present— Lord Portraan (chairman), the Duke of Norfolk, the Marquis of Westminster, the Earl of Roden, and Lord Leigh. The promoters of both Bills were represented by Mr. Austin, Mr. Talbot, Sir T. Phillips, and Mr. Benson. Mr. Wilkins and Mr. Merrewether, supported the case of Sir Richard Bulkeley Phillipps, M.P. for Haverfordwest. Mr. Talbot opened the case for the promoters. The preamble of the Bill set out that it was proposed to make a line from Fishguard and Pembroke Docks to Chepstow. in the county of Monmouth, thence to be continued by a branch railway to Monmouth. He (Mr. Talbot) need not inform their Lordships, that a more important line than this bad not been considered in the course of the present 1 session. It was supererogatory to observe that the railway passed through a large tract of country at present unoc- cupied by any other, a country, too, which had to recom- 1 mend it a commercial intercourse of no common character. He believed that the best introduction of this case would ] be to read to their Lordships some portions of the report 1 of the board of trade on the subject. That report was 1 made at considerable length, and it was, perhaps, as well at the outset to state that it then had reference to a larger < scheme than their lordships had to consider. The scheme at that period referred to a Bill connecting the whole of 1 South Wales with the town of Gloucester by Chepstow. But it must be home in mind, that though one part of that ] connection was severed at present, they would be enabled, in the next session of Parliament, to renew their applica- tion. But to the report of the Board of Trade. They stated, first, that the South Wales and Monmouth and Hereford Railways form, together, a comprehensivescheme tor extending railway communications in connection with the existing Great Western Railway, west of the Severn to Herefordshire, Monmouthshire, and along the whole course of South Wales to Pembroke and Fishguard; and after giving the respective length of lines, and referring to the map—after stating that they were proposed to be carried out in conjunction with the Great Western system, they spoke of the gradients. On this subject the report said that the gradients of both lines are in parts very severe, hut not impracticable, and there is reason to believe that better gradients could not have been obtained without incurring an expense which, under the circumstances, would have been very undesirable. The works for the greater portion of the South Wales line are light; and, upon the whole, the linl's present no extraordinary engi- neering difficulties. Then, after expressing generally the importance of the lines to the respective districts. it stated that the towns of Monmouth, Newport, Cardiff, Neath, Swansea, Llanelly, Carmarthen, Pembroke, and Mdtord Haven, the whole of the great mineral districts of South Wales, and the counties of Hereford, Monmouth, Glamor- gan, Carmarthen and Pembroke, will all participate directly in the advantages alfoided by this improved communica- tion; and that the south of Ireland—and this was an im- portant point, and he particularly requested their Lordships' attention to it—that the South of Ireland also, to the whole of which the South Wales line will atford the shortest communication to London, Bristol, and the South of England, will also participate in the benefits of the un- dertaking and the advantage in a national point of view of a line which covers such a great extent of-coast, and affords a ready communication with the dock-yard of Pembroke, and with the station at Milford Haven is also considerable. He (Mr. Talbot) was not much in the habit of passing any encomium on the Board of Trade, but in this instance he thought they deserved it. Of the 832 landowners on the line there were but 85 dissentients, and a similar difference was observed in respect of the mileage. He would now call their attention to the impor- tance of the several affected towns in detail, and first he would refer their Lordships to the town of Chepstow. It was the market town of an important agricultural district country, connecting the vallies of the Usk and the Llanrlalf-and the utmost facilities of tlvse districts were brought into play by the contemplated railway. The town of Newport also was the centre of a great coal & iron trade, and in the same way as John Frost and Co. precipitated themselves on Newport some years ago, so was the iron traffic precipitated on the same town now. (Laughter.) Then it also supplied a market for the large and fertile districts of Glamorgan and Carmarthen. With regard V Cardiff, it was in precise) v a similar position, and their Lordships were probably aware that a large stimulus had been given to the trade of that town by the enterprise ot a patriotic individual of their Lordships' House. The Learned Counsel then referred to the peculiar advantages which would be given to the towns of Neath, Bridgend, Swansea, and Llanelly, as well as the minor towns on the route. The mineral trade in the district was tmmcnse, not less than JE9,000,000 sterling per annum. There was but one opponent, Sir Richard Buikeley Phillipps and after their Lordships had heard the ground on which he sought to confront them in that Committee, he thought that their Lordships would decide that the Hon. Baronet could have no locus standi before them. After some further remarks the Learned Counsel concluded by expressing a hope that their Lordships would pass the preamble of the Bill. Mr. Talbot then called Mr. Benson, who described himself as a magistrate for tbe county of Glamorgan. j Had resided in South Wales for fifteen years. There are large copper works at Cwm Avon, Taihach, and Swansea, The coalowners export an immense quantity of coals, and 30,000 tons of manufactured copper, which would be sent by railroad, if one was constructed which would secure an expeditious transit and save marine insurance. A great trade in tin was carried on at Cwm Avon, and it exists all along the valley. There was a great quantity of coal in Glamorganshire, some of which not yet wrought, would be opened if the proposed line went through the district. There could only be a line along the coast, as the nature of the country would exclude any other. Witness presided at a meeting last year at Swausea, and every one was in favour of it. In cross-examination by Mr. Wiikins, the witness said that coals are at present brought by sea. The carriage would be much cheaper by railroad than by the present mode. The district between Carmarthen and Swansea is nearly level. Colonel Cameron, of Dan y Graig, Swansea, was next called, and his evidence proved that the present water communication was very defective. The proposed line would be of incalculable advantage to the district, and he had advocated some scheme of a similar character for many years. The railway was supported by all the ,in- habitants of the principality. He was the owner 01 a large coal field, and had recently opened another colliery, which at present had no proper outlet to market. He would, if the present railway were constructed, send all his coals to Swansea, so as to be transhipped to London. His pits produced 120,000 tons annually. Mr. Buckland knew the manufactures and trades of South Wales. He had assisted in making up the traffic tables. The trade from Newport was very considerable, not less than between 30,000 and 40,000 tons of iron. The iron and coai annually exported amounted to 000,000 tons, and a very considerable trade was carried on with Ireland. The trade from Cardiff was a) o very consider- able and constantly increasing. The traffic with the district was of a very extended character; and at least two-thirds of the population on the route were in its favour. Mr. Wilkins was shortly heard for the hon. member for Haverfordwest, and the committee, after consulting for a few minutes, found the preamble proved. The committee then took the MONMOUTH AND HEREFORD LINE. Mr. Talbot appeared for the promoters, and Mr. Wordsworth for the Canal Company, which runs parallel with a part of the line. Mr. Talbot briefly opened the case on the part of the promoters, and detailed at length the advantages which would accrue to the districts through which it would pass. Although it was opposed by some landowners, he. appre- hended that it would do them no serious injury. The further hearing of the case was then adjourned until to-morrow, on account of some of the witnesses, owing to the unexpected termination of the former Bill not being in attendance. FRIDAY.—The committee resumed the consideration of this line to-day at the usual hour. Mr. Tennant appeared in support of some objecting landowners, when Mr. Austin, for the promoters, observed that thpy should he fairly compensated. Mr. Brunei, the engineer, was examined as to the utility of the line, and Mr. Saunders, secretary of the Great Western Company, was examined as to the traffic, which he said would realise £.t7,7m) 18j. od. The expenses of working were £ 10,10S, which would leave an income ot £28,G61 18s. 511.. a profit of oj per cent. on the cost. The opposition of the landowners having been withdrawn, The Chairman intimated that the Committee had found the preamble proved, and that he should report the deci- sion to the House. The Committee then broke up. SOUTH WALES RAILWAY DILL, AS AMENDED IN COMMITTEE. Clause 14 states that there shall he 16 Directors, of whom six shall be appointed by the Directors of the Great Western Railway. 22. Railway to commence at or near Fishguard Bay, and at or near to Pembroke Dock, otherwise called Pater, and terminate at the west hank of the River Wye, in the parish of Chepstow. 23. Branch Railway from Newport to Monmouth. 27. The Railway shall be completed within seven years from the passing of the Act. 33. And be it enacted, that the company shall not build any Bridge over the river Towy, in the county of Carmar- then. without providing in some convenient part of such iiridge a drawbrido-e for the accommodation of the naviga- iion of the said river, having an opening of at least 45 feet, so as to allow a clear water way of at least 40 feet; ind al ;o of a towing path of a clear width of not less than i feet through the same and the Company shall employ ind provide proper persons for the opening of such draw- bridge, and to allow of the passing of vessels at all times, except when required to be kept closed for the passage of sngines and carriages over and along the same. 43. Maximum rate of charges for Passengers. For ;very passenger conveyed in a first-class carriage, the sum nf three-pence per mile. Second-class, two pence ditto. Third-class, three halfpence ditto. 47 and 88. Power to Lease or Sell the Railway to the fit-eat Western Company, with the consent of the votes of three-iilths of the proprietors.


Ciie Ciiurcfi. ".....-..._-,.-.


BANKRUPTS—(Front the London…

Shipping ,4 Intrlligrnrf.