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General ftt&ullang.


General ftt&ullang. /J' The statement that the Apollo troop ship was lost proves to he unfounded. The Socialist Hall at Halifax is being subdivided into cottages. From the parliamentary return of steam vessels in the United Kingdom, it appears that out of eighty Irish vessels, only five have been built in that country. The Times states that the Tractarian doctrines have reached the West Indies, setting at variance pastors and their flocks." ROMISH MISSIONS.—The receipts of the association for the propagation of the Romish faith amounted, in 1844, to 4,035,207f., and the expenditure to 3,743,908f., leaving a balance in the receipts of 29l,"299f. The Twentieth of July is the last day allowed for giving notice to overseers, of claims to vote for memheis of Parliament to represent the counties or ridings. Poor- rates and Assessed Taxes, payable before the Gth of April in each year, must be paid on or before the 20th of July. LOAN SOCIETIES.—The present Act for the government of loan Societies expires on the 1st of October, and a Bill has just passed the House of commons to renew the same for another year. ARISTOCRATIC WRITING.—The had writing of many of the nobility and gentry is proverbial. An illustration of this occurred at the Warwickshire Quarter Sessions last week, when, the Coventry Herald states, a prisoner who, on commitment, had made a confession to Lord Li)ford (which was taken down by his Lordship), was acquitted in consequence of no person in court being able to decipher his Lordship's writing. BRISTOL SLGAR MARKET, JULY 16, 1845.—Thnre has been rather more business doing in the West India sugar market since our last, but without any alteration in prices. I loved thee once," as the tee-totaller said to the bottle of whiskey. — Joe Miller the Younger. WESLEYAN CONFERENCE.—The next Wesleyan Con- ference will take place in Leeds about the close of the present month, July. Last week a boy, nine years old, died at Bilston, from a cut in one of his fingers. The blood ran copiously from the wound, and continued to do so for about twelve hours, when the poor boy breathed his last. The advantage of the new muskets now used in the army over the old ones formerly in use, is most fully de- monstrated. Out of a thousand of the new muskets recently tried for four days, the caps having been pre- viously steeped in water over night, not one missed fire. The total number of emigrants arrived in the United States during the eight years ending January 10th, 1845, was 581,528, averaging 28,941 yearly. Of these, 231,044 had no occunation. 51.788 were children,76,022 labourers. 08,208 mechanics, 97,736 farmers, 1,736 physicians, 552 lawyers, and 2,080 dressmakers. The number from England and Scotland was 89,320; from Ireland, 240,648. UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.—In consequence of the great increase in the number of candidates for ma- triculation in the University of London this year, the chambers of the university, at Somerset House, not being sufficiently spacious to accommodate the whole of them, the principal of King's College, on being applied to, placed one of the lecture-rooms of that institution at the disposal of the senate during the examination. LABOUR.—Not less than 150 able-bodied men have gone from the neighbourhood of St. Helens in this coun- ty, to work on the French Railways, and from the scarcity of hands in the farming districts of Lancashire, wages are rising. From 13s. to 14s. a week, with additional pay in hay and corn harvest, is now generally given to farm labourers in this county.—Liverpool paper. THE PICTON MONUMENT IN W ALEs.-It is gratifying to be able to state that public sympathy has not been per- mitted to flag on this subject, and that subscriptions are daily coming in. The necessity of renovation has been long felt, and a little more activity and liberality on the part of those who will not forget what is due to the memory of the illustrious Picton will enable the com- mittee to commence with vigour tile work of restoration. -Carmarthen Journal. TESTIMONIAL.—A silver service, comprising tea and coffee pot, cream jug, and sugar basin, each bearing the following inscription, has been presented to the Rev. E. BurneyPresented by the congregation of St. Paul's, Bedminster, to the Rev. Edward Burney, M. A., on his retiring from the curacy of that parish, as a token of their great respect, esteem, and regard for the assiduous and faithful discharge of his ministerial duties amongst them, 1845." — Bristol paper. LIMING LAND.—We do not think thatlimecan be applied with advantage to the potato crop, during an) period of its growth; the proper way is, to work it well into the soil in spring, when preparing the ground for a crop. Poor clay land, well drained, will be much benefited by lime and if it be previously compounded with a large quantity of moss, or vegetable matter of any kind, its good effects will be more apparent, as clay soils are generally deficient in vegetable or organic matter. It is considered a good plan to take two or three quarts of blood from a horse, before being turned out to grass more especially if he has been previously over-worked and his winter coat of hair has not come off well.-Irislt Farmers' Gazette. A project has been formed for uniting the Great Western Railway with the Eastern Counties line, by a tunnel from Paddingtoo to Shoreditch, under the New Road to Finsbury Square, and then turning off. By means of branch-tunnels. Tottenham Court Road, Sorner's Town, King's Cross, Islington, and other districts are to be benefitted. Mr. Robert Stephenson is the engineer. A prospectus of this remarkable project will come before the public in a day or two.—Morning Post. [A few weeks ago a scheme was propounded for superseding omnibuses, by tunnelling London in the line of Regent Street, Char- ing Cross, the Strand, and so on to the City, with stations at the principal points.] WEST INDIA PINES,—Another large importation of pine-apples has just taken place. A vessel which arrived at Fresh-wharf, and reported at the Custom-house on Saturday, from Nassau, New Providence, brought nearly 1,000 dozen of that description of fruit in very fine con- dition. The markets have, since the sale the other day by the enterprising brokers in Monument-yard, presented an excellent show of this luscious fruit at a remarkable low figure, and it is probable that this fresh cargo will shortly be offered for sale, thus insuring a continued supply to the public at probably a still lower price in consequence of their abundance.—Another vessel, called the Katinka, arrived on Monday afternoon at Nicholson's Wharf, Lower Thames-street, from Eleutherin, with 1573 dozen of West India pines on board, of very fine quality. DERBY SWEEPS AND BETS AT RACF.s.-In the Court of Common Pleas on Wednesday, Chief Justice Tindal gave an important decision with respect to Derby Sweeps," a species of gambling in which many thousands are interested. A subscriber to one of these lotteries brought an action against a cih publican, the treasurer of the club, for the amount of a prize the plaintiff having drawn the horse which was declared the winner. The defendant pleaded that the whole affair was illegal, and tendered one pound which the plaintiff had subscribed.— The Lord Chief Justice gave judgment for the defendant, declaring such lotteries to be illegal.—Judgment was aho given in an action to recover a bet of ten pounds on a horse race. If the bet be under ten pounds it can be recovered; but one of ten pounds cannot be. Judgment therefore was given for the defendant. THE PORTSMOUTH DUEL.—WINCHESTER, JULY 12.— Mr. Cockburn, who was retained for the defendants in this case, in the event of their coming in and submitting themselves for trial, left this place this evening, upon a special retainer, to conduct a mining case at Cardiff. The departure of the learned gentleman in such circum- stances put an end to all doubt as to the determination of the defendants, Lieutenants Hawkey and Pym, not to surrender for their trials at the present assizes. A true bill for wilful murder was returned by the grand jury this morning against both parties, and soon after Mr. Rawiin- son applied to Mr. Baron Platt for a bench warrant. The application was granted. The impression, however, seemed to be that notwithstanding the application for the warrant, no particular measures would be adopted by the prosecutors for the purpose of securing the arrest of the defendants. CAMBRIDGE ELECTION.—Tuesday evening, half-past five.-One of the closest contests in the annals of election- eering has just terminated, according to all human proba- bility, in the return of the Conservative candidate, Her Majesty's Solicitor General. Anything to equal the rush, turmoil, and excitement towards the close of the poll was never witnessed during our experience of such contests. The people on both sides outside the walls of the respec- tive committees are shouting and rejoicing, each claiming the victory. Some members of the Conservative com- mittee have published the following as the numbers at the close of the poll; but it does not come from the whole body authentically, the chairman, Captain Purchase, de- claring that the majority is lg t—The Solicitor General 750 Mr. Adair 728 Majority for the Solicitor General 22. The Whig committee have announced the numbers as follows :—Mr. Adair 740 The Solicitor General 740. If the latter be really the case the question comes to be considered as to the Mayor's vote—whether he can give it or not, as the casting one. Although there is soma doubt expressed here at this moment about it, we believe we are correct in stating that he can give it by the terms of the Reform Act.-Herald, SINGULAR MATCH AT CRICKET.—ARMS VERSUS LFGS. —A match, which from its novel character attracted an immense number of spectators, was played last week in the Cricket ground of the Railway Tavern at Reading. The players on one side consisted of an eleven with only one arm each; while on the other side each had but one leg—saving a wooden one. One of the umpires had lost both his arms, and the other had not a leg to stand upon," A referee was also selected who had neither arms nor legs! At the commencement of the play the odds were in favour of the One-arms notwithstanding the Single-legs had many backers. During the first innings, in consequence of the soft nature of the ground from the late rains, no less than three legs were broken, but these were soon "set" without the aid of a medical man, a neighbouring carpenter skilfully performing the opera- tion." At the termination of the game the score stood thus I he Single-legs, first innings, 25; second innings, 46—total, 71. The One-arms, first innings, 50: second innings, 60-total 110. The players dined between the innings at the Railway Tavern. TUB JESUITS IN FRANCE.—The Anti-Jesuit party in France have achieved one of those victories that lead to nothing. The General of the Jesuits, in consequence of the representations made by the French Government at Rome, has instructed the heads of the houses of the oider throughout France, to break up their establish- ments, desist from receiving novices, and dispose of the lands belonging to the Society with as little delay as pos- sible, There will henceforth be oo official Jesuits in France. But to have been, or even to be a Jesuit, will be no offence in the eye of the law. Every Jesuit at present in Franee may continue to live there, and if he have a mind, make proselytes to his church, disseminate the peculiar views attributed to the Society, antl intrigue privately to mould the policy of the French Ministers into conformity with those of the Papal Court. If the Jrsuitsare the reckless intriguers and conspirators that some men profess to believe, they will be more dangerous working in private, without acknowledged concert or union, than working publicly, as a recognized corporation. In the latter case, public has a check upon them— their fear to compromise a well-disciplined order respon- sible fnr the actions of its members in the former, the individual may go more recklessly to work, for it will be more difficult to bring home his misdeeds to the Society. This is true of more than Jesuits. Governments enter- tain an exaggerated fear of associations, religious, and political. Associations are perhaps more useful to go- vernments of r-sistanco than to the cause they are combined to promote. They show a government who are its opponents, and what their numbers and position in society. If the ohjects of their members are dangerous or verging towards illegality, they are in fact so many houses of call where government can find the culprits when any overt act is committed. An association is necessarily a herd of implicit followers with one or two leaders. The same leaders would be actually more powerful wcrs their followers disseminated through society without any visible bond of union for an asso- ciation excites quite as much distrust and antagonism in society at large as in a cabinet. -Spectator, THK NEW SoLicnon-GENKRAL.—Mr. Fitzroy Kelly is a member and bencher of Lincoln's Inn, and first en- tered as a student in 1818, as pupil to Thomas Abraham, Esq. whom he left, and became the pupil of Mr. Wil- kinson, of Pump-court, Mr. Crowder, Q.C., being a pupil of that gentleman at the time. He afterwards took out his certificate, and acted as a special pleader until the 7th of May, 1824, Trinity Term, when he was called to the bar. The late Sir William Webb Follett had been entered of the Inner Temple in the same year with Mr. Kelly (1818). They were constant readeis together, and were called to the bar in the same term. Mr. Kelly and Sir William Follett soon obtained a firm position at the bar, and were rival juniors, each being engaged in most of the principal and important causes brought before the Court, being separated only by the circuits the one (Mr. Kelly) having chosen the Norfolk, and Sir Wu. Follett the western circuit. In 1835, on the occasion of Sir R. Peel coming into power, Mr. Kelly received the honour of a silk gown, with Sir Wm. Follett, preparatory to the latter being appointed Solicitor-General. Mr. Kelly first took his seat in Parliament in that year, for Ipswich, but was, on petition, unseated and remained out until 1837, when, at the election, having been defeated, with Mr. R. Wason, by Messrs. Milner Gibson and Tuffnell, bv a small majority, he succeeded, on petition, in ousting Mr. Tuffnell, and took his seat for Ipswich. At the general election, 1841, he was defeated; and although his opponents were unseated, and the election declared void, he declined to risk another contest, and again re- mained out of Parliament until 1843, when Alexander Craig Grant, Esq., having accepted the Chiltern Hun- dreds, and a vacancy being thereby occasioned, he was, after a severe struggle, elected for Cambridge. The closeness with which Mr. Kelly has trod upon the heels of the late Attorney-General is somewhat curious. Both entered as students the same term, read together, were called to the bar the same year, received silk gowns toge- ther, and after the remains of Sir William Jollettwere conveyed to the tomb, Mr. Kelly was appointed Solicitor- General. PROSPECTS OF IRELAND.— The great revolution which the making of Railroads is likely to produce in the social state of that country is stated by the Nation newspaper with perhaps a little blindness to its effect upon the fa.. vourite schemes of Young Ireland and the Repeaters: "A great combining power is the increase of intercourse and trade. Some persons see with alarm the progress of Irish railways. They only dwell 011 how much nearer l ralee and uonegai win oe to L,onaon iuiSci. uuw far nearer still they will be to Dublin and to each other. Ireland has not been conquered repeatedly because it was so near to England. The barrier between us is immeasu- rably greater than between any of the great ancient or modern empires. The placid Mediterranean flowed with no such obstacle between Carthage and Rome as our deep and stormy channel between us and England. The most nervous tactician may be content with the Irish sea as a frontier line. No! we were crushed partly because of religious and civil divisions, and quite as often by the difficulty of mental and physical co-operation. The Irish railroads will centre the intelligence and passions of all Ireland on every individual town and barony in it; will enable the strongest minds in the island to move its soul as surely as the magic loadstone moved Swift's Island- will give a market to literature, as well as to manufactures —will unite in friendship and action the chiefs of every district-will give universality to knowledge, recognition to genius, and combination and speed to military move- ments." No consideration suggested by this species of progress is more obvious than that which the Nation says some people see with alarm. Already, we believe, even without the advantage of any other lines than the Bir- mingham and Grand Junction and the Dublin and Kings- town, the persons who fear a proximity to London, and, therefore, to wealth and peace, are quite justified in their apprehensions. It would be inconsistent to talk of military appliances amid all this anticipation of intellec- tual advantage; but the Nation has strangely enough mentioned the subject, and that not, we fear, for the purpose of cQnveying the proper moral, but rather to insinuate that a foreign foe could be easily transported across the country, than to tell its deluded readers that the same means which last year brought portions of Mr. O'Connell's trial in sixteen hours to the Morning Herald Office from Dublin, could in the same time take the Horse Guards back again. But we are willing to let "the Nation" solace itself with military visions (talking as it actually does of Miltiades and Epaminondas, Tell, and Washington, Bruce, and Wolfe Tone"!) since it happens that the advantages of art and ingenuity are open to both parties in war. It is because Irish railways and Irish education will go far to prevent a resort to any such arbitrement that we endorse the Nation's opinion of their advantages. We suppose that centreing the intelligence and passions of Ireland" m^ans some sort of intellectual progress (for an Orential tale-writer in a modern Book of Beauty is not more delightfully unintelligible thall Young Ireland) and it is from this progress that we hope for an end to absurd vagaries, and for the substitution of naoits ot industry tor enthusiasm tor repeal or the union. "The strongest minds in the island" it is, indeed, to be hoped will then rule it, and that their strength will rest upon truth, unsullied by the misrepresentations of piiest or demagogue, whose primeval fields of deception will be opened to daylight by the intercourse of industrious and honest men. We trust the Irish will learn the Saxon" character from seeing the Saxon himself, and find the tyrant and oppressor," as the French find perfidious Albion"—an enterprising speculator and a good papuaster,-Herald.




Glamorganshire Summer Assizes.'.