T O "W 1ST TALK. BY OUR SPBCIAI. CORRESPONDENT. --+-- Ow rnders viU understand that we do not hold ourselves rcjpon aWL. for ow able Correspondent's opinions, "WORTHY and weeping Walpole! Bumptious Beales! Upon the proceedings of these two personages has the attention of Londoners been concentrated since the great day when, instead of the Reform demonstration in Hyde-park, there took place that disgraceful riot, or disturbance— call it by whichever name you like-the Con- servatives prefer the former word, the Radicals the latter; I will call it a row," as that is a good neutral word which ought to offend neither party. Both gentlemen have been impartially found fault with by all classes of men. The Liberals ask Mr. Beales, of what use would his demonstration have been, had it come off, or of what use will any future demonstration be under present circumstances? The legis- lative period of the session is at an end, and no one asks Lord Derby to sum- mon Parliament to consider a Reform Bill during the autumn. Being too late to repair the omis- sions of the last session, it is likewise, say these sincere Liberals, too soon to begin an outdoor political campaign which is to usher in the next; in fact, it is, they add, a waste of energy to hold meetings which can lead to nothing. The good taste is also. questioned of starting a Defence Fund to pay the legal expenses of all those who were brought before the police magistrates, seeing that out of the forty who were charged on the first day only six, according to the impartial police reporters, could be considered respectable people, while all the rest were London "roughs." Why are these roughs"—blackguards of the worst kind, to be found everywhere in the world— taken under the protection of the Reform League ? The question has been asked and has remained unanswered. It can scarcely have been for the purpose of enabling the Solicitor to the League to throw dirt at the police, who, as far as I could see, performed their very disagreeable duty, on the whole, in a way that was wonderfully for- bearing. Then, as regards poor Mr. Walpole—of whom I and every one who knows anything about him must speak with the utmost respect, on account of the purity of his motives and the amiability of his character-it is generally acknow- ledged that he has made a sad mess. He had an undoubted right to prohibit a political demon- stration in Hyde-park, nay, even to do as he did, shut the gates, for he had the opinion of "A. E. Cockburn, Richard Bethell, and W. H. Willes," the law officers of a late Liberal Ministry -one the present Lord Chief Justice of England, the second the late Lord Chancellor, and the third one of the judges now on the bench-to the effect that the authority to close and to exclude the public from the parks is that which every land- owner has to prevent the public from trespassing upon his lands; for we are of opinion that the public have not acquired any legal right to use the parks by reason of the continued user under unwisely in shutting the gates. JJomg so, as the event proved, could not prevent the mob from breaking into the park, and hence causing all the mischief with which we are now so familiar. He ended where he ought to have begun, by conceding the privilege to the League of holding a demon- stration on Primrose-hill. But the League, it seems, wished to have a monster demonstration in Hyde-park, and in Hyde-park alone, for it de- clined the Primrose-hill site, and at last contented itself with a meeting in the Agricultural-hall, where they met good-temperedly, listened to some of their leaders, and separated without disturb- ance. THE name of that potentate, once so mighty in the railway world, has turned up in the law reports during the week. George Hudson, the Railway King," brought an action against the North- Eastern Railway Company, in the Rolls Court, for having taken possession of property which belonged to him, and which was known as the Whitby Estate. It was a Chancery suit, and con- sequently the details are intricate; all, however, that it is necessary to tell is, that the decision was in favour of Mr. Hudson, who will, it is said, be a gainer of .£40,000 thereby. I must confess that I am glad of this result, for as I was not one of those who fell down and worshipped the railway king in the days of his prosperity, neither was I one of those who cast stones at him when he tum- bled from the giddy height he had attained. At one moment the petted darling of both the com- mercial and aristocratic worlds, at the next the object of their scorn, and in both instances treated unreasonably, Mr. Hudson has borne his reverse of fortune in manly silence for years, and deserves the piece of good fortune which has at last come to him. WRITING of the "Railway King" reminds me of that mad project-a railway between Dover and Calais—which is now being talked about. Mr. Hawkshaw, one of our foremost, engineers, is de- signing a tunnel, under the sea, between Calais I and Cape Grines, which, it is said, will cost ten millions sterling. It is not the scheme itself, from an engineering point of view, which I look upon as mad, for doubtless the making of the tunnel is quite possible, but it is the expenditure of so much money to save, at the worst, an hour and a half's sea-sickness, that I regard as the height of in- sanity. I don't suppose, however, there will be fools enough with money enough to carry out the undertaking. THE Home Secretary has introduced a bill for the better regulation of the traffic of the metro- polis. Should it pass, cabmen will be relieved from that odious coin, the sight of which seems to drive them mad, for sixpenny fares are to be abolished; omnibuses will have to land their passengers on the foot-pavement, instead of shoot- ing them like rubbish into the middle of the road; and people walking the streets between the hours of ten a.m. and eight p.m. will not run the risk of tumbling into public-house beer-cellars, or getting one leg stuck in a coal-hole-for beer and coals are not to be delivered within those hours. The brewers are in arms against the provision which effects them, and say that it is equivalent to ruin- ing their trade; but I trust their opposition in the House of Commons will be unsuccessful, for it is surely quite possible to deliver their goods before ten o'clock in the morning. RESPECTING electric communication between passenger and guard, I am told that such a system of communication has been attached to the Royal train, which travels over the South Western, Great Western, and South Eastern lines for more than a twelvemonth past. Some (why not all ?) of the express trains on the Great Northern, Midland, and South Western Railways are similarly furnished, and more than one case, it is said, has occurred where the pas- j I sengers have been relieved from a perilous posi- tion by aid of this apparatus. The public will not be satisfied till all the passenger trains are provided with this means of escaping from danger. THOSE who wish to see the wonderful collection of pictures known as the National Portrait Exhi- bition, have no time to lose, for it closes, as at present arranged, on the 18th of this month. Z.
SUMMARY OF PASSATEVENTS. ill THE cessation of hostilities on the continent of Europe is one of the happiest things we have to record. Preliminaries of peace have been signed I by Austria and Prussia on the one hand, and Austria and Italy on the other. A truce was first entered into, which was to terminate on the 2nd I instant, but before that day arrived a four weeks' armistice was agreed upon, and it is asserted I that Austria will submit to all the terms suggested by Prussia, that she agrees to pay seventy-five million francs as an indemnity for the war, to take no part in a German Confederation, to give up all power over the small principalities of southern Germany, and to allow Prussia to remain in occupation of Bohemia and Moravia, and to retain possession of the Schleswig-Holstein provinces. These are hard terms for Austria, but it is thought better to accept them than con- tinue the war. The sovereigns of the lesser States who have taken part with Austria are fearful of their small territories being claimed by the modern Ceesar. The representatives of Bavaria, Baden Darmstadt, and Saxe Meiningen, have been the first to send in their adherence to Prussia. The King of Hanover's deputy, although tendering his master's apology, was not received at the Prussian Court; there is an evident feeling of cupidity in the mind of the King of Prussia, and he is not by any means satisfied that the Hanoverian jewels should be deposited in the Bank of England before he had a chance of seizing them. ONE great event of the last month is the suc- cessful establishment of telegraphic communica- tion between this country and America. The Atlantic cable has been laid without the slightest hitch in any way; the arrangements were so com- plete that everything went on like clock-work until the shore-line was fixed on the island of Newfoundland; when Mr. Cyrus Field immediately telegraphed to her Majesty Queen Victoria and the Emperor of the French to the following effect, —" Friday evening, eleven p.m. The Atlantic cable is successfully laid. May it prove a blessing to all mankind." Thia b^-S veen receives* the Queen answered as follows" Her Majesty is rejoiced to hear of the successful laying of the Atlantic cable, and hopes it may serve as an ad- ditional bond of union between the United States and England." The communication, however: between Newfoundland and the mainland is not complete at the time we write, and therefore there is not a perfect telegraphic connection be- tween London and New York. The part wanting is being quickly supplied; the space over which the connecting link has to go is only seventy miles, and messages for the time are being con- veyed by means of steamers running from New York to Newfoundland. ACCOUNTS recently received from India of the effect on the public mind out there when the announcement of the suspension of Agra and Masterman's Bank was made, is heartrending. In Calcutta the event created a panic such as has not been experienced for many years. An Indian paper says:— The consternation, dismay, ana sorrow causea oy the event are altogether inconceivable; scarcely any one has escaped, and whilst merchants have lost their deposits and private citizens their little savings, the services, civil and military, have been smitten with a mortal blow. It is pitiful to see old men and widows rushing about consulting friends and lawyers with their tears, and beseeching them to state if everything is lost, or whether they may hope to save something from the wreck. Fathers and husbands who have made remittances for the support of dear ones in Eng- land are saving together funds to make up for the two or three monthly bills which have been converted into waste paper. This suspension in its effects is to India what the South Sea Bubble was to England, and the Mississippi scheme to France." Within a few days after the affair was known in Bombay, no less than seven banks and financial companies established in that city had to be wound up. THE cattle plague, which is fast losing its hold upon the bovine tribe, appears to have attacked the sheep. In the neighbourhood of Bristol it seized upon a flock belonging to Mr. Peters, all of whom had to be destroyed as fast as pits could be dug for them. Three hundred in a day were slaughtered and buried. Within the in- fected radius there are many thousands of sheep, and great anxiety naturally prevails amongst all the farmers in the locality lest the disease should spread. THE report of the Registrar-General as to the health of London is a melancholy document. The total number of deaths in the week ending last Saturday was 2,600-an excess of 1,213 over the estimated number. This excess, says the registrar, is caused entirely by cholera and diarrhoea. There were 904 deaths by cholera, and 349 by diarrhoea Most of the diarrhoea, cases are among children under five years of age. By far the greater part of these deaths have occurred in a limited district of East London supplied with water by the East London Waterworks, which draws its supply from the river Lea. IT is gratifying to find, by a recent report made by the Commissioners of National Education in Ireland, that the schools are better attended, and the scholars make greater progress than formerly. At tee close of the year 1865 the number of schools in operation was 6,372; the average daily attendance of children was 321,209; and the average number on the books, 598,408. There was an increase of 109 schools over the year 1864, and an increase in the daily school attendance of 6,001. The Commissioners further tell us that there are 45 additional national schools now in course of erection. The total number of pupils on the books for the quarter ending March, 1866, were 675,335; of these 551,006 were Roman Catholics, and 45,036 of the Established Church, 74,424 Pres- byterians, and 4,869 other persuasions. THE Queen of the Sandwich Islands is on her way back to her country and to her people. Her Majesty is a great lover of missionaries, and it was to encourage and persuade the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts to send more labourers into the field that in- duced the good Queen to visit us. The Nonconformist, says:—"Her Majesty's mission to the High Churchmen of England has been a failure. Under the highest episcopal and aristocratic patronage, she has attended meet- ings, public and private, in all paits of Eng- land. The Bishop of Oxford has become a Peter the Hermit for her sake, and here, there, and everywhere, has enlarged on the claim of the Sandwich Islands to the support of all High Churchmen. Her Majesty has been away from her country more than a year; her expenses must have been very considerable, yet the whole amount collected for her has been only £5,000, in addition to another X5,000 towards a memorial cathedral." IT is very pleasant to notice the increasing number of flower-shows for the poor which are being held in various districts of England. Some of the most unlikely places have produced really excellent displays. We saw one the other day in a colliery district which astonished us by the dis- play and in no case can the visitor fail to observe the beneficial effect upon the exhibitors. Those who have seen the happy faces of the winners of prizes, the ingenuity displayed in the manufac- ture of receptacles for the mould in which the floral pets may grow, and the cheerfulness, and even manly pride and self-respect, often inspired by the possession of, may be, but one poor little ragged plant, must have felt that exhibitions like these, homely though they be, are powerful instru- ments for good. WE have very little to say about politics. The Government appear to be getting over their busi- ness as fast as possible, to enable them to go down to their grouse shooting on the 12th instant. The conflict between the Government and the Reform League as to the right of meeting in the parks has caused some discussion; but as this will be brought before a legal court, we shall not enter upon arguments here fro or con. The large Agri- cultural-hall was full to overflowing with indignant people on Monday, who assembled to advocate Reform, and to denounce the act of the Govern- ment in shutting out the people from the public parks. AN occurrence took place the other day which reads like a romance. The faithless wife of a Sheffield blacksmith eloped with a station clerk, who had been a lodger in her house. Her husband was elderly, the lodger was young. He persuaded her to draw out £ 40 from the savings bank, to pack up her clothea. ftsiongst wTriott was +.:h- plate, and to accompany -him to Newcastle, where, he represented, a good situation awaited him. On their way they staid at York, and here the faith- less swain abstracted the < £ 40 from his lady love, leaving her locked in the bedroom. Her screams brought up the attendants at the inn, and with some trouble the door was broken open. Con- vinced that she had lost her lover, the lady wended her way to the railway station to look after her boxes, which contained all her own wearing ap- parel, and the good blacksmith's silver spoons. On her arrival she found that these also had. gone, she having confided the "left luggage ticket to her faithless companion. In this dilemma she told her troubles to the police. Nothing, however, could be discovered of the "nice young man," but as the lady had one half-sovereign in her purse she returned to Sheffield to her older but more faith- ful spouse-a sadder, but, we will hope, a wiser woman.
THE WIMBLEEON PRIZE MEETING. The following list of winners-bf prizes, in making the greatest number of cartons at the Swiss targets, during the late Wimbledon meeting, has been issued by the National Rifle Association. 800 yards, any rifle—1st, G. Miller, 30 cartons, .£10; 2nd, S. Pixley, 23 cartons, .£5; 3rd, G. Robbins, 18 cartons, .£4; 4th, A. P. Fletcher, 18 cartons, £4; 5th, G. E. Rawson, 11 cartans, .83; 6th, E. F. Cash, 10 cartons, < £ 2. Total £ 28. 600 yards, any rifle-1st, O. C. Pell, 22 cartons, .£8 2nd, Lord D. Kennedy, 19 cartons, .£6; 3rd, Count de Gendre, 15 cartons, X5; 4th, Earl Ducie, 11 cartons, j64; 5th, Master of Lovat, 9 cartons, dB3 10s.; 6th, Captain Heaton, 9 cartons, £ 3 10s. Total, .£30. 600 Yards, Enfield-Ist, F. Thompson, 11 cartons, £ 5; 2nd, H. Lucas, 8 cartons, £3; 3rd, Captain Phipps, 6 cartons, £3 j 4th, H. Vignoles, 6 cartons, £3; 5th, J. M. Witham, 6 cartons, 4.3; 6fch, J. Hutchin- son, 5 cartons, .£3. Total, < £ 20. 500 Yards, any rifle-let, Hon. W. T. O. Powlett, 46 cartons, .£10; 2nd, Capt. H. Turner, 31 cartons, £5; 3rd, Capt. H. Heaton, 31 cartons, £ 5; 4th, Private D. Gill, 22 cartons, .£5; 5th, Capt. J. F. Bland, 19 cartons, £ 5; 6 th, Lord Bolton, 19 cartons, JE5; 7th, Capt. C. J. Ewen, 16 cartons, JE3; 8th, Earl Spencer, 13 cartons, £ 3. Total, .£41. 500 Yards, ED field-lgt, Capt. G. Hughes, 18 cartons, JE8 2nd, Rev. J. H. Doe, 9 cartons, £ 5 3rd, A Black, 4th, R. W. Johnstone, and 5th C. T. Smith (ties), 8 cartons, e3 13s. 4d.; 6th, H. F. Giles, 6 cartons, .£2 7th, E. H. Lockhart, 6 cartons, .£2; 8th, Hon. W. T. O. Powlett, 9 th; F.J. Brett, and 10th, W. Bustard (ties), 5 cartons, 13s. 4d. Total, .£30. 200 Yards, any rifle-1st, D. F. Thornbury, 134 cartons, £ 10; 2nd, E. F. Cosh, 73 cartons, £ 5 3rd, W. Wells, 64 cartons, £ 5; 4th, Major S. Bishop, 48 cartons, £ 5; Sth, Captain Jas. Fenton, 44 cartons, .£5; 6th, F. C.T. Gascoigne, 39 cartons, £5 7th, Arthur Fellowes, 36 cartons, .£3; 8th, Captain J. F. Bland, 26 cartons, £3. Total, X41. 200 Yards, Enfield-lst, A. G. Smith, 29 cartons, .£8; 2nd, J. Ward, 26 cartons, .£5; 3rd, R. C. Tucker, 2L cartons, £ 5; 4th, D. F. Thornbury, 13 cartons, £ 3; 5th, Lanoa-Corporal Bell, and 6th, A. Temple (ties), 10 cartons, Z2 10a.; 7 th. H. C. Holmes, 9 car. tons, zC2; 8th, S. T. Holland, 9 cartons, .£2. Total, £ 30. :——
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TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION WITH AMERICA. On Friday evening, at about five o'clock, English time, the cable was completed between Europe and America. Conversations and messages had been car- ried on all through the day, until the word was sent to cease signalling, as they were about to make the splice with the shore end at Trinity Bay. The following telegram was received by Reuter's Telegram Company (Limited), at 12.3 a.m., July 28, from Mr. R. A. Glass, managing director of the Telegraph Construction and Maintenance Company (Limited):— VALENTIA, July 27. Shore end landed, and splice completed at 8.43. Messages of congratulation passing rapidly between Ireland and Newfoundland. Insulation and continuity perfect. Speed much inoreased since surplus cable has been cut off. The following telegram was received at 2.30 a.m., July 28:- YALENTIA, July 28. Following telegram received from Newfoundland:- GOOCH TO GLASS. "Our shore end has just been laid, and a most perfect cable, under God's blessing, completes tele- graphic communication between England and the continent of America. I cannot find words to express my deep sense of the untiring zeal asd the earnest and cheerful manner in which every one on board, from the highest to the lowest, has performed the anxious and arduous duties they, in their several departments, have had to perform. Their untiring energy and watchful care night and day for the period of two weeks required to complete this work can only be fully understood and appreciated by one who, like myself, has seen it. All have faithfully done their duty, and glory in their success, and join with me in hearty con- gratulations to our friends in England who have in various ways laboured in carrying out this great work." The Houses of Parliament and the leading London clubs were apprised of the successful landing of the cable at dinner-time on Friday evening. The tele- graphic affiche reporting the proceedings in Parliament, and by means of which members are kept informed every quarter of an hour as to what is actually taking place in the House, contained this postscript: The Atlantic cable is landed; all going well." The intel- ligence rapidly spread, and before ten o'clock it was known all over the town that the success of the expedition is a substantial faet. That the cable was going on well, and that the Great Eastern was performing her allotted task successfully had been accepted readily enough; but that communica- tion was actually established, and that to-day's American news might be expected in a few hours, seemed to strike all hearers as a startling and unex- pected novalty. The Atlantic cable, about to bo thrown open to the public, is manufactured by the Telegraph Construction Company, and owned by the Anglo- American Company. The original Atlantic Tele- graph Company has a comparatively remote interest in the new cable, and the words, guaranteed eight per cent." must not be taken too literally. The real Atlantic Telegraph preference shares are the = £ 10 ones of the Anglo-American Company, and the holders of these are guaranteed more than 20 per cent. before the Atlantic Telegraph shareholders receive a penny. If it should happen that the first year's earnings of the cable do not exoeed £ 125,000—an improbable contingency-the whole of that sum will be divided among the holders of Anglo-American stock. The paid-up capital of the Anglo-American Company is £ 500,000. A farther sum of .£100,000 is to be handed over to the Construction Company when the line is opened; and for this .£600,000, the first .£125,000 earned each year by electrical communication between Europe and the United States is secured by eharter to the shareholders of the Anglo-American company. In other words, the latter's shares are Atlantic Tele- graph preference ones with a guarantee of 20 per sent. Frequent questions are asked as to the rate at which messages will be conveyed between England and America. After carefully estimating the probable demand, it has been settled to fix the tariff at .£1 per word, and to send no messages of less than 20 words each. This high rate has been decided on in the hope of keeping the company's business within practicable limits, and from the number of applications already made the amount of this would not seem to be over-esumatea..&.» communication is said to be as rapid on a long submarine wire as on an over- land electric line, the material reward of the promoters of the Anglo-American Company bids fair to equal the honour and repute which will be cheerfully awarded them. The battle with difficulties has been as long and gallant as the victory appears to be certain and assured, and all England will rejoice at the golden prize proving substantial and increasing. The latest tests show the broken cable of 1865 to be even more electrically per- fect than when laid—a sufficient testimony to the durability of these long submarine lines. A correspondent of a contemporary gives the follow- ing, dated July 30 :—The cable between Valentia and Newfoundland continues in perfect order; every day it works faster and clearer. Messages between this and Heart's Content are inoessantly passing. The cable between Newfoundland across to the main land, however, has not yet been laid. A long telegram received to-night says that it was then being coiled on board the Albany, which was to start to-morrow morning. This length of cable is only across 70 miles of shallow water. It can easily be laid therefore, and all the connections made with the lines to New York by the end, probably of the present week. Already the line is inundated with messages, and many hundred pounds' worth came through from Europe on Saturday afternoon. The message of the Queen to the President has, of course, taken precedence of all. This international greeting is as follows :— FROM THE QUEEN, OSBORNE. To THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, WASHINGTON. The Queen congratulates the rresident on the suoeessful completion of an undertaking which she hopes may serve as an additional bond of union be- tween the United States and England." After this night steamers will be provided to take messages across the Channel to the land lines. This, until the end of the week, will involve a delay in transmitting of seven or eight hours.
THE CHARGE OF FORGERY AGAINST A SOLICITOR. Mr. Richard Marshall Veal, solicitor, 19, Abingdon- street, Westminster, appeared at Westminster police- court on Saturday to an adjourned summons charging him with conspiring to defraud and forgery. Mr. George Lewis, for the complainant, Mrs. Lucy Broad, said that since the adjournment he had been able to complete an investigation he had commenced, and the result of that was that on behalf of Mrs. Broad, and with her entire sanction, he was happy to be in a position to withdraw from the charge against Veal, and also to withdraw any imputations that had been cast on him or his character during the progress of the case. Mr. Sleigh, on the part of Mr. Veal, thanked Mr. Lewis for the fairness with which he had carried on his case so far as it had gone. He, however, declared that Mrs. Broad had not been acting bond fide in the matter. The learned counsel stigmatised the present proceedings as a totally unfounded, vexatious criminal charge. Mr. Arnold said it gave him great satisfaction to say that he verily believed the charge to be a totally unfounded one. He must take to himself a share of blame in issuing the summons against a gentleman of Mr. Veal's position without an information on oath, and it would act as a warning to him not to issue process upon application without sworn information being taken. Mr. Veal was discharged from further attendance at the court, he (the magistrate) being perfectly satisfied in his own mind that there was not one tittle of evidence to support the charge. In the course of the afternoon a Mr. Burgess exhi- bited a charge against Mrs. Broad. He said that in February, 1863, she took a furnished house of him in Cumberland. street, Pimlico, and gave him a sham cheque in payment of a claim he had against her. He cam-a to this court, and Mr. Selfe granted him » BU?a" mons, but she absconded. The name she passed unaer at that time was Barless. He saw no more of her u twelve months ago, when he met her on boar boat, and followed her through the City to'8 she charge, but while he w%s speaking t° hfc ag0 and escaped. He came to this court a saw her, but was recommended no attended his complaint, but she W Mr. Arnold directed a summons to be issued agaiaal Mrs. Broad.
THE EUROPEAN WAR. FLORENCE, July 28. General Cialdini has arrived at Udine. A decree has been submitted to-day to the Prince Regent for signature, dissolving the present naval organisation and reconstituting it, so as to consist of but one squadron with two divisions, one flotilla of transports, and one for naval operations. Admiral Persano is said to have demanded a trial before a court-martial. It is rumoured that the Government has decided not only to bring before competent tribunals those officers who are accused of not having carried out their instructions, but also to institute an investigation into the condition of the fleet. Prince Napoleon is expected here. LUNDENBURG, July 23. In the engagement which took place before Pres- burg yesterday the Prussians were opposed near Brumenau by the 8th division of the 2nd Austrian Army Corps and the Mondt Brigade. At noon the Prussian Bose Brigade was in the Austrian rear. The principal Prussian attack was in progress when the fighting was broken off by the arrival of the intelligence announcing the conclusion of a truce. VIENNA, July 25. Yesterday a suspension of hostilities for eight days was concluded between Austria and Italy. The Vienna press almost unanimously demand the dismissal of the Belcredi Ministry. BERLIN, July 25. According to authentic intelligence from Frankfort- on-the-Maine, the report that General Manteuffel had threatened to bombard that city and to give it up to pillage if the contribution demanded by him were not paid, is entirely without foundation. PRELIMINARIES OF PEACE. BERLIN, July 29. The National Zeitung and some other morning papers state the following to be the territorial acqui- sitions stipulated for by Prussia, in the peace pre- liminaries — The Elbe Duchies, Electoral Hesse, Nassau, and perhaps also Upper Hesse and Frankfort, will be incorporated with Prussia. Saxony will pre- serve her former line of frontier, assuming, however, in relation to Prussia, a similar position to that which the Elbe Duchies were intended to occupy according to the February treaty. VIENNA, July 27. The armistice and preliminaries of peace between Austria and Prussia signed yesterday at Nikolsburg contain the following conditions: Austria is not included in the reorganisation to be undertaken in Germany. She recognises all the arrangements that will be made by Prussia in Northern Germany, inclu- sive of territorial changes. Schleswig is to be ceded to Prussia, and Holstein will pay part of the war ex- penses." ■F-tiUUJUAMATlON OF MARTIAL LAW IN LOWER AUSTRIA. VIENNA, July 26, Evening. A proclamation has been issued, suspending through- out Lower Austria the laws for the protection of personal liberty and the inviolability of domicile, and establishing martial law, in order to ensure the safety of the army, and the preservation of public order and tranquillity. SUSPENSION OF HOSTILITIES 'BETWEEN AUSTRIA AND ITALY. FLORENCE, July 26. The suspension "of hostilities between Austria and Italy commenced yesterday morning at four o'clock, when the heads of the Italian columns halted where they stood. Other troops may make movements, but not go beyond the points occupied by the heads of the columns. Prince Amadeus arrived yesterday at Ronzo, and met with an enthusiastic reception. Signor Quintino Sella. will be nominated Royal Com- missioner for the province of Treviso. General Medici arrived yesterday evening at Per- gine, a very strong position, eight kilometres distant from Trent. GERMANY. IVJKOLSUUKU, July 24 (Evening). Her* von der Pfordten, th. Bavarian Minister, arrived at t^e Prussian outposts this afternoon, ac- companied by an Austrian ofSoer. He shortly after- wards left his card in person at the residence of Count von Bismarck. He has not yet had a conference with the Prussian Minister. Herr von der Piordten is said to have come here at the suggestion of M. Benedetti and Count Karolyi. All the positions held by the Prussian troops up to noon on the 22nd inst. are maintained. Negotiations are still carried on. The King has received Count Carolyi at the Castle of Nikolsburg. The Austrian loss in the engagement near Brumenau was 600, of whom 200 were made prisoners. The Prussian loss, killed and wounded, did not reach 100 men.
AMERICA. NEW YORK, July 17, Evening. President Johnson has vetoed the Freedman's Bureau Bill upon the same grounds on which he vetoed a similar bill in February last. Both houses of Congress passed yesterday the bill over the President's veto. Secretary Seward has written a letter approving the Philadelphia National Convention, which he regards as a patriotic effort to induce Congress to admit the Southern representatives, which admission can alone complete the restoration of the Union. President Johnson has signed the Internal Revenue Bill, which takes effect in September next, xhe tax on cotton is fixed at three cents per pound. Head-centre Stephens bas been committed to Boston gaol for a debt of 4,000 dolls. He has since been re- leased on bail. A Western paper strikes the name of two sub-
scribers from its list because they were recently hung. The publisher says he was compelled to be severe, be- cause he did not know their present address. A conductor has been fined 500 dollars in Buffalo, N.Y., for ejecting a man from a car because he refused to give his seat to a woman. The court held that ladies, or those who wish to be considered such, are legally entitled to no more privileges in public con- veyances than men, and that when the latter pay for seats, they have a perfect right to occupy them so long as they conduct themselves in a proper manner. Remarkable .Rescue from Drowning.-The following is an extract from a letter received from Captain W. M'Culloch, of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company's mail steamer Rangoon, from Bombay, dated Suez, July 11:—" On the morn- ing of June 28, while steaming against a strong mon- soon and high sea, a man was washed overboard from the bowsprit. The sea was too heavy to lower a boat without greatly endangering many other lives, besides the fact of its being night time. I consequently for. bade lowering a boat, and manoeuvred the ship so as to drift as nearly down upon the man as I Judge. For more than 20 minutes did the ship drift j perfect silence kept; men looking and listening intently; engines ready to go ahead or astern should we hear any cry; when suddenly a faint cry was heard, and, under Providence, right in the way the ship was drift. ing. A few minutes more he was alongside and on board, but quite exhausted. He said, afterwards, he had only floated, the sea being too heavy far swim- ming, and, as the ship apparently left him at first, he had given up a'^ hopes. It oertainly was one of the most Providential escapes from drowning ever known." In consequence of^the Reduction in Duty, Bwniman's Ti.as are now supplied by the Agents EIGHTPENCE per 1b CHKJJFBB. Every Genuine Packet is signed Hornimani Co T) ATJDEINE, the only specific for CHOLERA. It cures LABWSR'LF GNDUFRE.5NE''>5 ^LEMI3TS/AND WHO!E^ sale by Mr. J!«.U.i>ulreanelUa,Welhugton.st., Strand, London. MRS- iNSLOW'S Soothing Syrup, for children cutting teeth, has gained a greater reputation m America during the last 15 year* than any remedy of the kiad ever known. It is plea. sant to take, and SAFE in all cases; it soot^as the child and gives it rest; it relieves griping in the bowels, or wind in the stomach, and cures dysentery I or diarrhoea, whether arising from teething or other causes; it softens the gums and allays all irritation. No mother should be without it. Full directions ox each bottle. Price Is. lid,—Sold by all ch«saiata is to*