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1THE COURT. --

POLITICAL GOSSIP. -

ITHE ARTS, LITERATURE, &c.j

[ The Situation of Austria.

Affairs in Turkey.

ThePrMt™S,eSt^I'';USSlT- .

--._"-3 The Queen's University,…

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3 The Queen's University, Ireland. It i-3 of the utmost importance that the exact ques- tion in issue between Sir Robert Peel and the late Ad- ministration on the subject of the Queen's University in Ireland should be understood. The principles of university education in the sister kingdom are, no doubt, at the bottom of the discussion; but, im. portant as these principles may be, they sink into l'J?1'?K1^c.ance compared with the sacred character of Ministerial pledges. We may assume that the aims of Lord Russell's Administration were excellent; for it is not their aims, but the mode they adopted to accomplish them, that is in debate. The first charge made against them is, that they have attempted—how successfully remains to ba e.een—to carry out their views without taking the adviee of Parliament. The second charge is, Mat they made this attempt after having promised that they would consult Parliament upon the matter; and the third charge is, that the attempt was ) made just at the moment of quitting office, when they raight hope to escape the responsibility of their manoeuvre, and leave the question of University Edu- cation in such a position that their successors could not choose but carry out what they had commenced. The discusiiou in the House of Commons last night served to bring out more clearly than before the un- fortunate success of some members of the late Admin- istration in misleading, however unintentionally, those ) with whom they had to deal. That the Charter is wrongly described by the word "Supple- mentary was conclusively shown by the Attorney- General. It is in direct conflict with the existing Charter, inasmuch as it prescribes certain things to be done which the other declares shall not be done. It is even possible that for this reason it might be avoided on ap plication to the proper authority. Practi- cally, however, it would seem that as it is rejected by the Senate it must fall to the ground.-The Times. iheoomplaintaof Sir Robert Peel upon the course «°^duot pursued by his former colleagues were those winch any honourable man would have made under the circumstances. As a member of Parliament he heard nothing of the now charter, until he received a notice, as a member of the University Senate, apprising him of what had been done, and inviting him to consider provisions which ought to have been previously sub- mitted to the great council of the realm. The senate, however, did not approve of the alteration, and postponed" the reception of the charter, just as the Commons "postpone" the reading of an obnoxious bill for three or six months. They did this, moreover, although the late Ministry had only just strengthened" the governing body of the university by the addition of six new members of their own way of thinking. The Senate's reason J for this rejection was clear and cogent. They found that the original constitution of the university had J been done away, and that the colleges were hence- forth to become mere local centres for examination. And this change had been made, not only without their instance or acquiescence, but without their knowledge; for not even the Vice-Chancellor had seen a draft or heard of the provisions of the new 1 charter until it was laid before him for his acceptance or rejection !—Standard. j And here we may notice the total groundlessness of ] the charge that the late Government postponed its action on its deliberate and deliberately expressed] views OK the Irish University question till after the ] vote of the House which occasioned it to resign power. k It was stated by Mr. C. Fortescae last night that 1 the supplementary charter to the Irish University, ( against which all this tardy" and truly preposterous, clamour is now raised, received the sign manual a week before Lord Dankellin's motion came forward. That ( some subsequent steps were taken for carrying out 1 what has thus been decided, followed as a matter of course; and forms, indeed, a singular matter of com- 1 plaint on the part of a gentleman who had sat as a eiient and acquiescent member of the late Govern- ( mont, when the principle had been explicitly set forth ( on which that action was taken. We repeat that, if Parliament disapproved of the principles avowed by the late Government in this matter, the time for expressing disapproval of those principles 0 was when they were first put fJrth. All that has been a dene, or could be done by the late Government, and v the Royal pro'oga.tivo, was in the nature of permissive c and discretionary addition to the powers given by the t previous charter of the University. That additions ] thxta oonoedod to their previöusly conJerred powers- enabling them to confer degrees on students who had N qualified elsewhere for them than at the Queen's Col. t leges—a concession practically intended chiefly, of course, for the benefit of students at the Roman Catho- lie College, or, as it calls itself, University of Dablin- r is an addition the Senate of the University can use or IJ decline to use at its own discretion. The decision of n that body on the expediency of acting on the power c thus h'iven is deferred; and full opportunity remains for the intervention of Parliament in any sense it sees | fit. We confess we shall be considerably surprised if II it sees fit to intervene in any such sense as appears t, indicated by Sir Robert Peel's last night's onslaught c an his former colleagues.—Globe. v

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