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IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. -+--

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IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. -+-- In the House of Lords, on Thursday, the Lord Chancellor laid on the table a bill to amend the law on the subject of the Extradition Treaty with France. It had been found by the French Government that owing to the interpretation put by the magistrates of this country on the treaty it was impossible to obtain the extradition to France of offenders charged with murder, attempted murder, and fraudulent bankruptcy, for in such cases the magistrates required prima facie evidence of guilt and tb e verification of docu- ments submitted to them. Unless, therefore, some other course was adopted, France would find it necessary to put an end to the treaty. The bill, therefore, proposed that magistrates in England should admit certificates signed by French judges and sealed with tb.e seals of their courts as sufficient evidence without any further proof of their genuineness. The Earl of Clarendon said that the French Government had acted in a most conciliatory spirit in a matter in which this country was in error. The bill was read a first timt. The Revising Barristers Qualification Bill, the Piers and Harbours Confirmation Bill, and others were advanced a stage. The House adjourned shortly after six o'clock. „ In the House of Commons, in answer to ten questions from Mr. Stuart JYLill as to the course to be taken towards certain officials in Jamaica, The Chancellor of the Exchequer said that the form in which the questions had been put was rather in excess of the rule of the House. Nine of them inquired whether any steps would be taken as to occurrences in Jamaica which the question assumed to be illegal; and the tenth asked if those proceedings were illegal The allegations contained in the questions were not wholly accurate; and it was ignored that the acts complained of were committed during martial law, and there could be no irregu- fTu lrt "3e formation of the courts; in some v. 1 cases mentioned the acts alleged were not proved, while most of the charges, as alleged, were too sweeping and based on assumption. The commission ap. pointed by the late Government having reported, Governor Eyre was dismissed, and any farther steps against him could only be founded on a confusion of idea. as to error of judgment and malice prepense; while the Admiralty authorities bad decided that no steps should be taken against any of the naval officers concerned; and the Horse- Guards had not yet pronounced an opinion as to what was to be done with regard to the military officers. He could give no further information. In answer to Mr. P. A. Taylor, Mr. Walpole said that an order of the Chief Commissioner of Police, prohibiting a public meeting announced to take place in Hyde-park on Monday next, had been issued by his (Mr. Walpole's) direction and authority; he was entirely re- sponsible for it. Sir G. Grey said the prohibition in question was ia exact accordance with previous acts of the Rome-office on similar occasions; and he had before he left office given similar di. rections to the Chief Commissioner of Police. In answer to Mr. Mill, Mr. Walpole said the prohibition was founded only on the fact of the meeting being fixed to take place in Hyde-park, and had no reference to the abstract right of public meeting. Mr. Lowe moved the consideration of the report of the Helston Election Committee, in reference to the conduct pursued by the returning officer, who voted for Mr. Camp. bell previously to declaring him returned on an equality of votes. The matter was adjourned, on the suggestion of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, until Thursday next. In committee of the whole House Viscount Cranborne brought forward the Indian budget. Having entered at length into the history of the Indian revenue of the last three years, he said, for the current year more than £6,000,000 was spent on public works, which was a heavy item of expenditure, but it was, in fact, a large surplus which was invested in remunerative works. The railway expenditure had been a source of enormous success, for the repayment of the outlay was going on with extraordinary rapidity. Public works—particularly of irrigation—were going on railways advancing; the Ganges Canal had been rendered more fitting for its great purposes, and there was much evidence of prosperity. A discussion ensued, in the course of which Mr. Laing showed that since the equilibrium of expenditure and revenue had been restored after the Indian mutiny, it had on the whole been maintained; while the revenue had, in the last five years, increased a million per annum—and went into a comprehensive exposition of Indian affairs in all their branches. He was followed by Mr. Stansfeld, with a speech of a like character after which the debate was continued by Mr. Smollett, Mr. Crawford, Lord William Hay, Sir J. Fergusson, the new Under Secretary for India, &c. The debate was closed by a reply from Lord Cranborne; certain formal resolutions were agreed to, and the House resumed. The Thames Navigation Bill was then taken in committee, and passed through that stage. On the order of the day for the Representation of the People and the Redistribution of Seats Bills, Mr. Gladstone moved that the orders be discharged, ex- plaining that he had not done so earlier with a view to ascer- tain whether the Government would take any steps regarding them. Thatnot having been done, it was resolved to withdraw them, notice being given that any member might challenge t.lioi "WT'M tKiak propOS to deal with the question of Parliamentary Reform; andhe should be glad to support any measure which was satis- factory; while to any measure which might be reac- tionary and illusory he should offer all the opposition in his power. The orders were discharged, the other business dis- posed of, and the House adjourned at half-past two o'clock. In the House of Lords, on Friday, Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe brought forward the subject of the Danubian Principalities, contending that though in a manner inde- pendent they belonged to Turkey, and acted as a barrier between that Power and Russia. The union of the two principalities couldno6 be maintained under a native prince and, referring to the accession and deposition of Prince Couza, and the advent of Prince Charles of Hohenzollern, supported by Prussia, be showed that this was in contra- vention of treaties, and he asked for information as to the time •p0SIU0n those regions at the present The Earl of Derby declined to follow over the wide field of controversy which had been raised, or assent to principles which m effect would lead to the interference by force of this country m a foreign difficulty. He was inclined to think that the union of the two provinces was a som-ce o weakness rather than strength to Turkey; he denied that the accession of Prince Charles was the act of Prussia and tta u Eall1^Xen1eStl^haVhf.<lue3tion involved should ,ttled by neg f i!» J^nod^ of thought that the stipulation that the Mospodar the united provinces should not be a foreign power was not advantageous either to those princi- palities or Twlwy^and be trusted that the Porte would re- cognise Hospodar, on his promise to nav tribute and fulfil the duties discharged by former rulers A motion for papers was then withdrawn rulers- The bills on the paper were advanced a stage and the House adjourned shortly after seven o'clock. In the House of Commons, Mr. Disraeli said that on Monday he of the additional charge on the I^xcaequer WHICH had accrued since th« financial statement, and the course which the Government iBOn going int^committee of supply, "FVTr Gregory called attention to the evidence srivpn hap™* thfeommfssion on railways on the subject of tS^ralf- wavs showing that the fares were higher than those eit W in Scotland England, while there was the accommodation, and this to such an extent that it is as- serted that there was more accommodation in the old coach- ing times than now. The remedy was almost universally admitted to be thepassing-otto*^adwa in some shape or other into the hands of the (government. Mr. Pim seconded the motion. Mr. Gladstone said, in reference to a mea,sure m regard to Irish railways, which had been prepared by the late, and adopted by the present Government, that it would only enable the advance of about half a million. Its scope and purpose, therefore, was but small, and it could not be takea as a remedial measure for the great disarrangement of the Irish railway system. As to the motion m hand, it would be premature pending the sitting of the Railway Com- mission to enter on tbe immediate consideration of the whole ouestion, although in his opinion nothing more bene- ficial coufl be effected for Ireland than the development of ^i^^mud^p^ceeded to call attention to the present f.LnftCnavvand to the very small progress that has state of the yi. jate years, in its reconstruction been Pade'1,i; sefg and to compare these results with with iron-clad vessels, an t^ken plaoe) and is stm the great augmentation ™ Daviegof ofclier States< He taking place, m the armcmr £ 400,000 might suggested that VupplSleto the building of 12 vessels be asked for, to be ap^le™e^two-turret ships, each during the recess, two or tnem ue a + being one- carrying two 600-poundtr The total cost would be about £1,000,000, which might be spread over the esti m|irj?fpakingtonrsaid that the statement thoJeof tageous position of the English fi Tfai;an other countries was rather understated, even iron-clad fleet, to say nothing of that of France, npr:0y in fact, 58 ships armour-clad, being in comparison. _P to our own. He hoped that generally T. -Q. utilised by the improvement of our iron-clad ships, -tie y nouueed in favour of turret ships.. ,1„r.„no Mr. T. G. Baring asserted that, apart from coast-aeteri vessels, the sea-going armour-plated navy of Englanu was far greater than that of any other nation. We had a fleet oi 26 ships of this class, and the French only 17- With regara to guns, the 12-ton cannon and the other ordnance adopted in the naval service were of the best description.. The discussion was continued by Sir J. Hay, Mr. Lairu, Sir M. Peto (who censured the late Admiralty,^ and ex- pressed his gratification at seeing Sir J. Pakington in office), bv Lord J. Hay, Mr. Graves, and Mr. Alderman Lusk, when the subject dropped. Mr. Laing asked the Foreign Secretary whether he could give the 'House an assurance that no step will be taken which might commit this country to any intervention in the war now proceeding on the Continent, without giving Parliament a previous opportunity of expressing its opinion as to the poliny of such intervention. Mr. Horsman, who had a motion on the papir to call attention to the state of affairs on the continent, followed. Sir G. Bowyer eulogised the heroic conduct of Austria in the present crisis. Mr. Gladstone observed that recently military events had not only brought about a great change in affdirs, but had also brought about the disclosure of many purposes which had not been known before. Referring to the hitherto state of Germany, he maintained that she had long been a source of disturbance to Europe, and a cause of the huge arma- ments of other nations; while by her actual weakness she had not occupied her true place in the community of nations. Now, however, the problem of her position was about to be solved, and the result must be beneficial not only to Germany in general, and the triumphant Power in the war, but to that empire which had been worsted in the struggle. Lord Stanley said that as regarded intervention in the sense of armed mediation, or intervention calculated to lead to armed mediation, everything, in the opinion of the Go- vernment, the House, and the country, combined to give the best guarantee that no such policy could be now pro. duced. But as regarded the friendly offices of a disinterested Government in the interests of peace, that was an interven- tion which he felt liberty to adopt; but at the present moment her Majesty's Government stood free and unfettered by any pledge, and the diplomatic action of the Government had consisted in assisting to bring out the armistice pro- posed by Austria. As regarded the question of general policy, there never was a continental war in which the inte- rests of England were so little mingled nor did he con- ceive that the establishment of a great German Power was in any degree a danger or a menace to England. After a few words from Mr. B. Cochrane, the discussion concluded. The other business was disposed of, and the House ad- journed at 25 minutes past one o'clock. In the House of Lords, on Monday, the Marquis of Clanricarde drew attention to a statement made by Earl Russell at a dinner at the Cobden Club meeting, to the effect that a British Secretary for Foreign Affairs should have taken part in recommending an armistice to Italy and Prussia, founded on the cession of Venotia. to France. Earl Russell stated that what he said was, that for our Foreign Secretary to join France in asking Italy to agree to an armistice before any preliminaries of peace had been settled was an insult to the people of that country, con- sidering that Venetia had been ceded to France, and not to Italy. The Earl of Derby admitted that the cession of Venetia to France and not to Italy was calculated to offend the latter; but officially the British Government bad pronounced no opinion on the subject, had offered no advice, and taken no part in the negotiations, but the mediation between the belligerents had come from the Emperor of the French alone. The preliminaries of peace, however, it seemed, had been accepted by both parties, and he hoped that actual peace would ensue. Lord St. Leonards drew attention to the law relating to sales by auction, and signified his design of bringing in a bill on the subject. The National Gallery Enlargement Bill passed through committee; several other bills were advanced a stage, and The House adjourned at a quarter past six. In the House of Commons, on going into committee of supply, The Chancellor of the Exchequer rose to make a state. ment as to the supplementary estimates presented to the House since the financial statement of the present year, and stated that those estimates had altered the financial position. The revenue was estimated at £67,001.300, including jE500,000 New Zealand Bonds, and the expenditure at £66,727,000, including £500,000 for terminable annuities; leaving a surplus of £2.50,000. The increased estimates were £ 495,000, leavinga deficiency of £ 209,000. To supply this a new tax might be raised, but that was not a course very desirable. He proposed to remedy the deficit by relinquishing the pro. ceeding with the bill for the conversion of terminable annui- ties, which had been read a second time. It was a matter of regret to him that his first act as Finance Minister was to add to the burdens of the country. In laying down the principles which would govern his financial policy, he said he was of opinion that the financial reserve of the country was of more importance than military reserves, for if ever England entered into a contest for her honour and her in- terests, her financial position would enable her to go on in her inexorable purpose until her honour and her interests j were vindicated. The principle of the Government was economy at once judicious and tending towards complete- ness and efficiency. Mr. Gladstone said he adhered to the principles of finance 1 which he had developed, that of keeping up a certain scale j of liquidation of deut-principles which had received the assent of Parliament. Although the policy of liquidation of 1 debt by means of terminable annuities had been questioned, it was one of great importance, and one which he hoped the Government would bring before the House next session; and if not he should probably do so himself. After some further discussion the subject dropped. Mr. B. Hope moved that it is desirable that a new National Gallery be erected on the site of Burlington- house. Oa a division the motion was lost by 91 to 17. The House having gone into committee of supply, General Peel moved a supplementary army estimate of £2i5.000 for the conversion of muzzle-loading small arms into breech-loaders, and stated that by the 1st April next there would be 200,000 converted Eafielda for a sum of £ .145,^OOOj^the^ remainder of the sum beini loaders. After a brisk discussion the motion was agreed to. Mr. Corry brought forward the Education Estimates for Great Britain. The subject was argued with some elabora- tion, and the vote was agreed to; and the House resumed. The other business was disposed ef, and the House adjourned at half-past one o'clock. In the House of Lords, on Tuesday, the Postmaster- General Bill and the Piers and Harbours Confirmation Bill were read a third time and pas sed. In answer to Earl Granville, The Earl of Derby, in reference to the tumults in Hyde. park, expressed his regret at their occurrence, and urged that political discussion was impossible in an assemblage of tens of thousands of people. He admitted the good con- duct of the persons principally concerned, and attributed what had taken place to the idle and dissolute persons who always fringed a crowd. The Government had taken the steps they thought best under the circumstances. Earl Granville agreed that these monster meetings were only physical demonstrations, but he reminded the House that the working classes had been taunted with apathy in because of Reform. He admitted that such meetings ought not to be held in Hyde-park; and he regretted the deplorable occurrences which had taken place. He thought Further explanation was necessary, especially in regard to the calling out of the troops. The House adjourned at five minutes past six o'clock. In the House of Commons, Mr. B. Osborne asked what in- gtruetions were given to Sir Richard Mayne by the Home- taHyde park^00 meeting on the previous evening Mr. Ayrton said that everyone must regret that the peo- h f w uth 0b,rrghtY inito collision with the authorities; v. *?lg have been easy to have prevented what bad occurred. There had been a tendency of late rears on the part of a certain class of persons, small in number, to appropriate particular parks to their own use °^, 0116.5?ccasion,w hen this class required an additional ride, the railings of St. James s-park were at once levelled • while again a special part of Hyde-park was refused to the use af the general public, because it was required as a lounge for certain fashionable folk. All this was observed bv the tax-paying people, who had to disburse money for the 3pecial gratification of one class. Ho contended that the i people had a right to use the parks, as public property dedicated to a particular purpose. When a claim of right < bo use the parks was put forward a temperate and con- j siliatory proclamation explaining the rights involved would liave been satisfactory and accepted. Instead of this a lotification was placed on the gates of the park well calculated to arouse irritation, as it stated that the meeting 1 tbout to be held would lead to violence and disorder-a i false suggestion. This country was not governed by force, < ior was the army recognised as a part of the Government; ( ina tnerefore to appeal to force in the first instance by the ^e^liv^was a most deplorable circumstance. He hoped < the Government would not continue to attempt to keep 1 Ear hev«-n?i £ w-n by soldiers and police, which was a matter 1 by Sir R Mo P°W^V I?e asked if the notification issued 1 had been tahZn%wou^ on the table, and what steps » Mr. Waht?l« the peace of the metropolis. which the metronnlia J,u tb,e, try'»g circumstauces in sretion in not fS?i^ ,was placed he should exercise his dis- disquisition on gentleman through his different classes a(^ministration of the law towards sind the notice he hid )7aS Jaij.fcller from his intention, cognition of the m-ii i"6 .™ founded on a distinct re- There was no fnW equal Justice t0 all classes, notice; but ifc su8festion contained in that occurred in 1855 Dased on circumstances which park to demonstrnto? cro7ds assembled in Hyde- Great disturbances took ? 8unday Trading Bill, day—a Liberal Govern molfi- an<* !lle Government of the inquire into the proceeding aPP°mted a commission to then raised. The commissi a tlle "ghts which were measures should be taken tn „re??rted that it was fit that drive m the park undisturbfirtV^u al* P0ra°ns to ride or issued that such proc<eiinea „t, &a1Ji warning should be plated were illegal as being novoi recently contem- usage, Hyde-park not being a »rorif>i.a n°t sanctioned by y1?! „of Pera5>.n! for Political d&f„rfna*'OT l«ge. assem- I year a question was raised whetwT Ia the following were to be allowed in the parks ^Uda and Preaching of the law officer* of the Clown ^aa the opinion was a right to exclude the publie f^l J point of la^ there was no authority to remove persona bub that there music until notice had been given twachlnS wd playing could not be permitted; the publichav^ SUC? Pr°ceedings legal right to use the parks. Tjji» acquired any A. Cockbuin, Sir R. Bethell, and the^to 4.0piuion of Sir Willes. It was on that opinion £ Justice and the notice was issued solely on th ad acted; the parks being open to all classes on>>,Pou?d that interfered with by any meetings calcuk,?^ ?ot to be political excitement or religious demm^ tireafce Until assented to by Parliament, he f^f i atlons- maintain the opinion on which he had acted on tvIi°Und to occasion. If any words of his, uttered in a onln-eJent Spirit, could allay tlie agitation which prevailed, he wlulrt utter them m his place in the House, or anywhere elsl- w he fully conceded she right of public meeting, although th* parks were no5 the proper arena for such public meetinc- He had seen letters written to the leaders of the demonstra- tion for the tone of which the wi iters were responsible. He >vas sorry to s»y that some disturbances had occurred again in the park that afternoon, and measures as moderate as tion for the tone of which the w. iters were responsible. He >vas sorry to s»y that some disturbances had occurred again in the park that afternoon, and measures as moderate as the circumstances would admit had been adopted. He hoped that he might appeal to all well-judging persons for support in the position in which the Government was placed. Mr. Oliphant, while giving Mr. Walpole credit for acting to the best of his discretion, differed entirely from him as to the course pursued, for it happened that, whereas the right to meet in the park being a question, everything which had been done to prevent a meeting had failed; and the executive had been covered with ridicule. After some remarks from Mr. B. Cochrane, Mr. Layard, in justice to his constituency of artisans, was bound to say that the measures taken by the Government were most injudicious and foolish, on an occasion when the working classes attempted to answer in the best manner they could the taunts which had been levelled at them in regard to their indifference to Reform. There was no right to assume, as had been assumed in the notice which had been iisued, that the meeting would be riotous and tumul- tuous and if any rioting had occurred the Government was responsible for it; while an impression had gone abroad that attempt* had been made to put down Reform by force. Major Jervis urged that there was no need for the work- ing classes to come in crowds to let the people at the West- end know what their feelings were. It was Mr. Layard, and those who talked like him, who stimulated the people to extreme measures. Sir G. Grey said he kad stated that a peaceable meeting in Trafalgar-square was not illegal, and such a meeting was not interfered with. But when it was proposed to hold the meeting in Hyde-park, communications were sent to the Reform League that in accordance with custom an assem- blage in that place would not be permitted; and for this prohibition, he, being then in office, was responsible. From personal observation he could say that the leaders and principal persons concerned in the meeting, having tested. their right to enter the park, went peaceably away. He declined to express an opinion on the judgment which dictated the measures which had been taken to prevent the meeting. Mr. W. Cowper protested against Mr. Ayrton's assertion, that of recent years there had been an exclusive appropria- tion of the park, which was totally unfounded. Mr. J. S. Mill maintained that if the people had not the right to meet in Hyde-park, they ought to have, and if per- mission to meet was necessary, they ought to have that permission freely granted. He urged that the Government had been influenced by an objection to political meetings. tr> r' Sf)id that the House had had a specimen of the sort of rhetoric wbich would have been delivered at the meetings in question. He repudiated the motives which had been imputed to the Government, and protested against the assumption that a false suggestion was contained in the notice which had been promulgated, namely, that riot and disorder would ensue. The Government had the greatest confidence in the legitimate proposers and conductors of the meeting; and it was never thought that the working classes could be tumultuous or disorderly But it was what the meeting might lead to, and had led to, by the assem- blage in numbers by the scum of the population, which they had suggested. In answer to Mr. Otway, Mr. Walpole said that it was untrue that the Guards were ordered to load after they drew up in the park. After observations from Mr. Whalley and Mr. Hadfield, the subject dropped. Mr. Gladstone moved for a series of returns relating to public income and expenditure for the last 200 years, which were granted. The adjourned debate on the Compulsory Church Rates Abolition Bill was resumed by Mr. Hubbard. After some discussion, a motion was made again to adjourn the debate, which, on a division, was negatived by 108 to 64. A motion was then made for an adjournment of the House, and eventually the debate was adjourned to Wednes- day, 1st August. The other business was disposed of, and the House ad- journed at 20 minutes to two o'clock.

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