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SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS.…

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SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS. ::I> THE eyes of all the peoples, not only of Europe, but of the whole world, are directed to the war in Germany. Daring the past week rumours reached us daily that Prussians, Italians, and Austrians were preparing for yet another decisive contest. All the time, however, the French Emperor had been sedulously employed in an endeavour to ar- bitrate between the contending Powers. At the last moment we hear that an armistice has been agreed upon, but whether this will eventuate in a final settlement of the struggle for the German su- premacy is a matter upon which we are not able to determine. Hostilities were to cease from the 21st of July, and the belligerents agreed upon a term of five days to decide upon a treaty of peace. It is feared, however, that Prussia, in the heat of victory, will be too exacting in her demands, and that possibly France, seeing her dictatorial spirit, will resolve to humble her, and hence add another firebrand to the QIreacly inflamed state of the Con- tinent. Eog-land, we are thankful to sa.y, has re- solved, come what may, not to interfere; neither the ransacking of Hanover, nor the taking of Saxe Coburg and Gotha, or any other German States to which we are allied, will induce the British Go- vernment to declare war. Such is the feeling ex- pressed by the new Administration through the mouth of Lord Stanley. THE Derby-Disraeli Government have as yet met with no opposition, and they will probably close the present Session without coming to a division upon any vital topic. Meanwhile the Opposition are using their efforts to amalgamate themselves into a strong body before the next meeting of Parliament. A new club, called the "Cobden," was inaugurated on Saturday—Mr. Gladstone in the chair—at Richmond. This club is on a similar plan to that of the celebrated Fox Club. As a political association, it is about the most powerful which has come into existence of late years. It already numbers one hundred and forty-five members—eighty-three of whom are re- presentatives of the people. At this meeting the memory of the late Richard Cobden was drunk in silence, and the chairman paid the highest tribute of respect to him, calling him the apostle of Free Trade and the great promoter of peace throughout the world. Eirl Russell was present., and defended his conduct in foreign affairs as also his Reform Bill, and declared that whenever Government should propose progressive measures he should be ready to support them. THE cholera, which has been severe in Southamp- ton, has broken out in Newcastle, at Llanelly, at Liverpool, at Gravesend, and has now reached the metropolis, where many have died after a few hours' illness. The report of Dr. Simons to the Privy Council contains suggestions which, if ILI promptly acted upon, will no doubt do much to arrest the progress of the disease. The report lays particular stress upon the necessity of disin- fecting all choleraic discharges on bedding, clothing, and other substances with which the patient has come in contact. The Registrar- General also says:—<( Immediate measures should be adopted, by house-to-house visitation, to treat the disease in its earliest stages of diarrhoea, and the cholera excretions should be effectually removed and destroyed." The various local bodies have now an opportunity of showing, by their vigilance and energy, that they are deserving of the confi- dence reposed in their fitness for the discharge of the duties of self-government. The extraordinary range of temperature which has prevailed during the present month has, no doubt, had much to do with increasing the amount of sickness and the rate of mortality. For the week ending the 15th of July, the highest temperature in the sun was 125°, the maximum in the shade 85°, the minimum in the shade 56°, showing a range between the highest and the lowest of not less than 68 degrees. THE volunteer meeting at Wimbledon has been a great event this year. The fine weather induced numerous visitors to attend daily when the prizes were being contended for; and the knowledge that the Princess of Wales would with her own hand distribute the awards, caused such a multitude of persons to flock to )Vimbledon on Saturday as were never seen before. To say that her Royal Highness did this with grace and un- affected interest is to say little, but every recipient of a prize valued the smile of the lovely Princess as much or more than the token of merit. The sham fight which followed was well worthy of the volunteers, and the manoeuvres were per- formed in as effective a manner as could have have been done by soldiers of the line. The Queen's prize was won by Private Cameron, of the 6th Inverness Rifles. He is 19 years old, five feet six inches high, has been only two years a volun- teer, obtained in his first year's service a marks- man's badge, and this year won the great prize, obtaining five more points than the winner of last year. Singular to say, most of the great prizes went to Scotland, although the scoring on the English part was better than last year. WE really seem at last to be fairly getting rid of the cattle plague; week by week the numbers decrease, until now they are a mere bagatelle. Of course, the consequences of it are not so soon to end; but it is something to know that our prospects with regard to cheap meat, and so forth, are improving. In the meantime, possibly with a view of allaying anxiety in the matter, experi- ments have been carried on at the Veterinary College, at Camden-town, the result of which has been to show that dogs, at any rate, may eat the meat of diseased animals with impunity. I AN official paper just published shows that one I hundred and fifty-four appointments for the liquidation of limited liability companies have been made since the Winding-up Act passed in 1862, and the greater part of these have been "shut up" during the present year. Strange stories might doubtless be told respecting the way in which many of these companies have been got up;" as, for instance, in the case of one which was brought under notice a few days since, the memorandum of association of which appears to have been executed by porters, messengers, and others, in the employ of the company, one of them being a mere office lad, but described as a gentle- man, and the holder of 220 shares. Speculators, beware! THE Working Men's Clubs, all over England, appear to be progressing favourably, and some very pleasant gatherings have lately been held in connection with them. One of the great charms I of these clubs is that they are not necessarily I formed in all eases after the same pattern, but I may be adapted to the special requirements of the 'I members. Every kind of innocent recreation is afforded them. la some clubs athletic exercises are practised, in all draughts and chess are intro- duced. All the best papers are taken in, and a sufficient quantity of light literature is at hand. Perhaps one reason why these clubs answer better than mechauiss' institutions is, that the members are left more to themselves, and to do as they please, and rot cut and trimmed after the be good" fashioi, which was formerly practised. AN interesting fact comes to us from Lancashire, affording proofs that the cotton weavers in their day of prosperity have not forgotten the sympathy shown to than by the Londoners in their time of distress. At a Court of Common Council held at the London Mansion-house last week, the Lord Mayor presiding, a letter addressed to him by the Rev. William H. Jones, vicar of Mottram, Lanca- shire, and secretary to one of the principal relief committees, rOHd Toy the cb.le £ cleric asltin^ permission, on behalf of the cotton operatives, to I place in the Guildhall, at their own cost, a stained glass window, in the highest style or 0. to com- memorate tht extraordinary exertions of the Mansion-house Committee, at the head of whom was Mr. Cubitt, then L )rd Mayor, to mitigate the prevailing distress consequent on the cotton famine, and the gratitude of the whole of the Lancashire operatives for the munificent subscrip- tions of the citizens of London for their relief j during the calamity. The request was cheerfully I acceded to, and the subject was referred to a com- | mittee, with a view to their co-operation with the representatives of the operatives in Lancashire. It is understood that the working men connected with cotton mills have raised < £ 500 for this purpose, mostly by penny subscriptions among themselves. I This is a noble proof of the highmindsdness of a people who bore their sufferings bravely, and are ready to acknowledge the kifidnessof friends when prosperity again shines upon them. IN the iron districts, it is stated, about 10,000 men are oa strike. It appears that the iron masters have, in consequenciI of the great depres- sion in trade, resolved to reduce the rate of wages 10 per cent., seeing that, owing to previous advances which have been made, the average profits of the works have been reduced 75 per cent. On the other side it is alleged that, by the arrangements formerly entered into, the rate of wages was to depend on the rise or fall in the price of iron; and the working men still think it is a breach of the agreement to attempt to reduce wages in the face of an advance in the price of iron. It is a pity that some court of arbitration, or other body having the fall confidence of employer and employed, should not exist, before whom difficulties of this kind could be brought for adjustment, and thus avert the loss and misery occasioned by the barbarous system of strikes. WE rejoice to say that the Great Eastern is going on gloriously in the submerging of the Atlantic cable. The vessel has been favoured with fine weather. The three great dangers have been got over-first, the laying the shore end; secondly, passing down the submarine incline known as the Irish bank; and, thirdly, passing over a short steep valley, where the water sinks to almost as great a depth as in mid ocean-namely, 2,400 fathoms, or nearly three miles. The insula- tion and continuity, however, up to the time we write, having been declared perfect, we may reasonably hope that this great and beneficent scheme is near a triumphant completion. THE great Reform demonstration in London came off on Monday. The people were determined to meet in Hyde-park, contrary to the orders of Sir Richard Mayne, the Commissioner of Police, backed by the Home Secretary. Vast crowds of persons assembled, and found the park gates closed at seven o'clock; the crowd broke down the iron railings and made an entrance. An immense force of police, aided by the military, forced the people to retire; after which the Government orders were carried out with little trouble, and the main body of the crowd adjourned to Trafa gar-square, where they held their meeting, and then dispersed. 0

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VITRIOL THRO WTNG THROUGH…

THE MISSION OF PRINCE NAPOLEON.

STOPPAGE OF THE PRESTON BANK.

THE EUROPEAN WAR.

AMERICA.

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