AGRICULTURE. --+-- Congestion of the Lungs in Horses. The difference between congestion and inflammation is not popularly recognised, although the two diseases are quite distinct, and really require opposite methods of treatment. In congestion the blood is stagnated, and conse- quently the circulation in the part is stopped, the natural result of this will be the arrestation of the functions of the tissues so affected, and their ultimate death, unless the disease can bo removed and the circulation restored. If a string be tied tightly round the finger, the part above the ligature soon becomes dark in colour, and if not released would die, and finailyjmdergo deosmposition, and drop off, supposing that tsa ligature were so effectually applied as to arrest the circulation completely. In a greater or less degree this state of parts represents congestion, no matter from what cause it may arise. A certain amount of blood is collected in a part of the organism, some obstruction exists to its free passage, and if the obstruction ia not removed, a loss of vitality is the consequence. Congestion of the lung, of a horse, for example, then, means an excess of blood in those organs, a quantity disprdportioned to the extent of accommodation, and the necessary loss of power of circulation, which is the consequence of overcrowding, whether in regard to fluids or solids. The existence in the lungs, or in portions of them, of such a condition of the vessels, must inevitably, in the first place, lead to the diminution of the breathing space, and cause a difficulty in respiration. The greater the amount of congestion the greater the dis- tress, until we reach the point at which the pressure of the exeess of blood practically obliterates, the air .tubes, and the animal dies from suffocation. In its most decided form, congestion of the lungs is .the result of over exertion, and by this is meaut not a given amount of exercise, or a gallop of any specified length, but exertion ^disproporiionesl to the animal's capabilities at the time. It is of no consequence to allege that a Gaitain horse was only driven along tie road for a few miles before' being attacked. If, from his condition at the time, the drive of a few miles was equivalent to a severe gallop for a horse in good train- ing, tha intensity of the action of the cause would be the same,, and the consequences not Ies3 marked. Exposure to cold after exertion is a fruitful cause of congestion, and for this reason horses are commonly attacked Ja the night after being brought in from work, and particularly if their legs or other parts have been Trashed with cold water and not properly dried; or if, ,in order to prevent a recurrence of sweating, they have been groomed outside the stable door on a cool evening. Cold, as a cause of congestion, may be presumed to act by generally depressing the nervous functions, lessening the activity of tha circulation over the whole of the surface of the body, and thus throwing a large mass of blood into the internal parts. Symptoms of congestion of the lungs will vary according to the extent of the disease, but ia every case there will be quickened breathing, amounting in some instances to rapid panting; the nostrils are dis- tended, the animal distressed, and evidently suffering from the alarm which a feeling of suffocation occasions A shivering fit often ushers in tho disease, and some- timescontinuea until the congestion is relieved or the animal dies; the surface of the body is cold, and the pulse small in its beat, although the artery under the jaw is distended and hard. When congestion occurs during violent exertion, considerable hemorrhage sometimes takss place from the nostrils, the con- sequence of the rapture of some pulmonary vessels; but unless the bleeding continues to a serious extent it appears to be beneficial, as those cases often recover much more rapidly than others which araless alarming in appearance. The symptoms altogether are sufficiently indicative of disease of the lungs, but there is little or nothing in those symptoms to enable the non-scientific observer to decide whether the horse is suffering from con- gestion or inflammation, and there can be no doubt that the two diseases are commonly confounded under one title and treated upon precisely tha same principles. Treatment of congestion of the lungs mast be prompt to be effectual. A dose of carbonate of ammonia, one, or in extreme cases two, drachms in a fall pint of colcl watsl", should. be given at once, and repeated in an hour if there is no improvement apparent. A strong mustard poultice should be at once applied to each side, and the surface of the body sufficiently covered with clothing; the legs should be well hand-rubbed and bandaged, and an enema of warm water may be administered. In the course of a few hours considerable improvement maybe expected to take plac9; at the end of three or four hours the carfeonate of ammonia may be repeated if necessary, and more mustard applied; but generally theae cases of congestion are rapidly relieved by this active treatment, or the animal is soon reduced to a hopeless state, unless, as it sometimes happens, the disSase becomes complicated with inflammation. After congestion ia fairly removed, very little treat- mentwill be necessary, beyond a few days' rest with soft diet. Occasionally an annoying cough is left for a week or two, but this is a trifling matter compared with the consequences which. result, from an acute attack of m xi_amma yion, from- T7hich an ammal very rarely re- covers completely.-The Field.. THE fine waather of last week has wonderfully im- proved the cereal crops in England. A correspondent of an Oxford paper says In this neighbourhood we have a thin crop of wheat and weak in 1 the straw. The weather was very favourable daring1 tha time the wheat was in bloom, and the present fine weather is improving t1$ crop daily, and likely to produce a line quality. Barley and oats are promising for an aver- age crop. Beans and peas very promising at the pre- sent time. Potatoes are looking well. IN Nottingham the hop plant is progressing favour- ably. In the neighbourhood of Ollerton the plant is looking' remarkably well, the bine is in a healthy condition, and there is comparatively little filth. At KntJord the bine is short and uneven. At Walesby also the bine is uneven, and there is a little filth among the plant.
HINTS UF01\[ GARDENING. KITCHEN GARDEN ANI> FPJAME GBOTTND. —Celery: The early crops to be earthed up as soon as the plants nave attained a good size. If the ground is dry, give a heavy soaking of water the day before intending to laotua them, and be caieful that the soil is nearly dry, or at most only moderately moist, when the moulding is to De done. Sow cabbage, green curled endive, ieuSiice, round spinach.—Winter greens to be got out 2ii plenty now, as peas, potatoes, apd other crops are taken oil. Coilaras. Brussels sprouts, and other quick growing1^ subjects that will mostly be used before Christmas, to be planted. m manured ground, but those to st-uad till next springj to furnish sprouts, not to be manured, as it renders them less able to with. stand severe frosts. Continue to plant broccoli, .Brussels sprouts, Scotch kale, and everything else of the kind from the seed-beds. FLOWER GARDEN. —T&Il-gMWing bedders need a little care now to protect them from high winds. A very effectual and expeditious method is to insert strong stakes, and run a few lengths of stout tarred string "amongst them, so as to form a support to the back and front ef every row. Small forked branches will serve, the same purpose where the plants are not snfficiently regular to be supported with string. Chrysanthemums in the open ground to be topped again, and the soil between them lightly pricked over with a small fork, and some quite rotten dung worked in. It will be found that they always root near the surface, and a dressing of dung will greatly help them, and save the labour of watering, Cinerarias coming up in seed-pans to be pricked out as soon as large enough to lift, and have separate thumb-pots, with light rich compost, and be put in a frame to grow on. By securing a vigorous growth from the first they Jjill be less troubled with fly, and make fine specimens. J-'hbae who have not sown seed yet must do so at once, or it will be too late. ■ GARDEN AND ORCHARD HOUSE trees Yf are in many cases covered with fly. „ 18 18 T^0^, checked, the trees will be barren next 4," v, e a strong infusion of tobacco, and at the !^eJf^«fS3-olvo,a2itil« glue; mix them together, "rnv* 4 in+-k ge and into the mixture dip tl MO too largo to be dipped must be lfcu o their sides and well syiingetL Those dipped must also be syringed the next day? GSIINHOYSE AND CONSERVATORY. — Fuchsias must bejsynnged twice a-day, and have modsrate shade, Fine plants m comparatively arnai1 w^ts will be greatly benefited with weak liquid manure every three or four days, ine stock must be propagated now in quantity for next year's supply. The smallest cuttings make the bbA plants, and there is no need to cut to a joint. A mild bottom-heat will hasten the formation of roots, but it is not needful, as if shut åp in a cold frame and kept shaded and regularly sprinkled they will be well rooted in a fortnight. It is a saving of time in the end to put all cuttings singly in pots at this time of the year, as they can be allowed to. fill the first pots with roots, so as to grow strong from their first start. In preparing pots for the cut- tings, use smallest sixties or thumbs; put a miiture of turf and old dung over the crocks, and fill up with half sand and half leaf, in which the cuttings will root as quickly as in sand alone at this season, and have something to live upon while filling the pots with roots. This is the best method for amateurs who are much away from home, as the single cuttings require less care than when dibbled into sand only in shallow pans. Hard-wooded plants requiring a shift this season must have it at once, or the time will go by for them to derive full benefit from the operation. The most im- portant matter of all is to secure good drainage, and to use the compost in as rough a state as possible con- sistent with the size and nature of the plant. When- ever the cultivator is in doubt about the best soil for any hard-wooded plant, he will be pretty safe in using half peat and half loam, both in a turfy and sweet condition, the more elastic the better. Pelargoniums, as they go out of bloom, to be cut down, and placed in a warm, sheltered, and rather shady place for a week, then to be put in the full sun, and kept rather dry at the root, with occasional sprinklings of the stems and leaves till they break, and then to be repotted back into small pots with sound lumpy turf to make their new roots in. STOVE-HOUSE AND FORCING.PIT. The general collection may be kept in perfect health now without fire-heat, by shutting up early, and sprinkling the floor of the house to cause a humid atmosphere. Do not shade over-much—generally from ten to three will be quite sufficient from this time, till shading is dispensed with altogether. Melons swelling fruit to have plenty of weak manure-water; those ripening their fruit to be kept tolerably dry, but if kept too dry will get infested with red spider, so endeavour to keep them in good health on the smallest possible supplies, and give plenty of air. Those that have borne good crops may be cut back, and set to work again with the help of linings to the beds. Keep these rather close after pruning in, and frequently sprinkle the sides of the frames and the surface of the bed, and give only moderate waterings at the root. Never allow water to fall on the main stems. If the plants cut in appear rather poor, let them break moderately, and then remove a portion of the soil from one side of the roots, and replace with fresh turfy loam. When the roots have run into the now stuff, do the same on the other side, and they will swell a second crop admirably. This is a first-rate season for melons, and if they have not a good flavour, and their proper colour, it is the fault of the grower only. Pines are generally in fine condition, and the produce is of first-rate quality this season. The bsttom-heat must be kept up, and there must be plenty of room between the plants for a free circulation of air. Maintain a moderate humidity among all advancing crops and young stock, and in giving air guard against drying winds and draughts by keeping one side close while the other is open. Where the fruit is swelling nicely, sprinkle the surface of the paths and soil frequently; but where the fruit is changing colour, discontinue the sprinkling, and give only just enough moisture to keep the plants in health. After cutting fruit, earth up the stools, and give a brisk bottom-heat and plenty of moisture. Beds in which pinss are plunged must be kept con- stantly moist, as the heat will not rise through any dry material. Vines now require air night and day from the time the grapes are gathered, unless they are in poor condition, and the wood very green. If so, shut up early, and in another eight or ten days the wood will be getting hard, and then there may be air on night and day. Grapes ripening not to be syringed, but to have a moderately moist atmosphere and plenty of air. Peaches and nectarines must be fully exposed to the atmosphere as soon as the fruit is gathered. Where the fruit is still hanging, give plenty of air, and every morning a light skiff with the syringe over the leaves. Stop the strongest shoots a few at a time, to swell the ripe buds. Wall-trees are generally loaded with superfluous wood, through tha prevalence of a. delusion in favour of plenty to choose from at the winter pruning. Choose now, and remove all that will not be wanted, and what is left will ripen properly.- Gardener's Magazine. Jr 1
BPOSTS AID PASTIMEB. THE Snider rifle principle admits of capping being dene away with, and the converted Enfields will be loaded with self-igniting cartridges fired by a pin, which having struck the cartridge is returned by a spring to its position. ON Saturday the kennel of setters of the well-known Gordon breed, and the property of the Earl of Shrews. bury, was sold by auction at Aldridges's Horse Re- pository. There was a considerable attendance of sportsmen, and an active competition prevailed for high-class and well-broken dogs for grouse and partridge shooting. They realised prices varying from 10 to 40 guineas each. FOR a week past salmon and grilse have been as- cending the Eden in extraordinary large numbers, and the proprietors, from Rocldiff to Corby, have bsen reaping a plentiful harvest in consequence. The run commenced a week ago, and was greatly facilitad by the fresh breezes of Friday and Saturday. A SOULLESS* race in old-fashioned boats, for £ 50 a side, was rowed on Thursday last, from Putney to Mortlake, between J. A. Caffin and Benjamin Edwards. Mr. J. Ireland was referee. Caffin had the best station, and, after some time wasted in getting off, at once commenced to lead, being three-quarters of a length in front of Edwards in a hundred yards; at the steam- boat pier tha latter gained a trifle, though only on sufferance, as Caffin again held a lead of three-quarters of a length at Simmon's, and took hia opponent's water at the L. E. C. Boathouse, having the race in 1 hand. Caffin want on increasing his lead, and passed 1 Hammersmith-bridge ten lengths ahead of Edwards. J Opposite the Oil Mills Edwards spurted, but his efforts were of no avail, as Caffin maintained his lead 1 up to the finish, and won by about four lengths, as he eased up towards the end of the race. The time 1 occupied by the race was 27 min. 30 sec., and the ( betting about 3 to 1 on Caffin. •< THE extent to which pigeon flying is carried in Bel- gium is shown by the fact that frequently the railways convey to Paris and Orleans, from the various towns in Belgium, nearly 500 baskets of pigeons in one day. On the 16th of June last 250 baskets were opened at the Paris railway stations alone, and not unfrequently on Sundays not less than 30,000 pigeons are sent from Belgium to be, liberated at the different stations of the Paris and Orleans Railway. A SWARM OF BEES ON A MAN'S HEAD. —As a man named John Stubbings, of Kirtling, Cambridgeshire, was lately watohing a hive of bees about to swarm, the queen alighted on his head, and was immediately followed by the whole swarm. Stubbings had the presence of mind to stand perfectly still, and in a few minutes the bees completely covered one side of his head, leaving him only sufficient breathing space. As soon as they were settled, his wife swept them off into a hive, and he escaped unhurt. A "WOLF SToRY.-The Pike County (Illinois) De- mocrat tells the following wolf story, on the authority of a veteran hunter of that place, named Thomas Uray: A farmer living near the Adams County line round seven wolf pups in a hollow log. He dug a hole at the end of the log that was open, placed a trap m IP' a^L covered it over with dirt. Fearing that the wolr, when caught by the foot or leg, would gnaw it off and escape, he, with a companion, determined to watch during the night and slay it as soon as captured. Daring the night the father 'of the interesting family in the log would come up close to where the watchers were stationed, when the dogs they had with them would run him off a short distance, and then return. Presently the wolf would return, when they would chase him off again. This was kept up during the night at frequent intervals. The watchers, hearing an occasional squall from the pups, visited the trap, but found everything as they had left it. In the morning, however, an examination showed the log empty, and every pup gone and the trap unsprung; While the old fellow was amusing the dogs, Madam Wolf had, by gnawing and clawing, opened a hole through the side of the log large enough to remove the little ones and carry them off, travelling fourteen miles in so doing. The dogs_ being put on the track soon found them oyer a mile distant, whence they were taken, nicely covered f p with leaves by the side of a log." THE regatta arrangements of the Royal Victoria Club for August are as followsMonday, 13th, the annual general meeting at the club house; the chair will be taken at one o'clock precisely; an extra ballot from twelve to one o'clock; the annual dinner at the club house at half-past seven p.m.; tickets one guinea, to be procured at the club; members are requested to make early application for themselves and friends, as the number is limited to 90. Tuesday, 14th, a prize," value Y,75, open to schoonars and yawls belonging to any Royal Yacht Club. Second vessel to receive a prize value .£25; time race, half Ackel's' scale; to start at half-past .ten; yawls to 'have a fourth of their tonnage added. A prize, value £ 75, open to cutters and yawls belonging to any Royal Yacht Club; second vessel to receive a prize value £ 25; time race, half Ackers' scale; to start at eleven yawls to have a fsurth of their tonnage dedicted: Wednesday, 15th, the Town Cup, a. prize valueJElOO, will be given by the inhabitants of the town of Syde, for all yachts belong- ing to the Eoyal Victoria Yacht Club; time race, half Ackers' scale; to start at eleven; yawls to sail as cutters with a fourth of their tonnage deducted; the annual ball at the club houseat nine p.m.; tickets can only be obtained from the secietary through a member tickets, gentlemen's, 12s. 6d. ladies', lOa. 6d.
THE GREAT BATTLE BETWEEN PRUSSIA AND AUSTRIA. The Times, in a leading article, thus summarises the battle scenes as describe! by their able corres- pondents 1 'Sadowa was another Waterloo in its strategy, if not in its influence upon the fate of an empire. The invading army of Bohemia stretched far and wide over a slightly imdulating country, and from the centre of its line a high road led directly to the head-quarters of the enemy. Along this road Prince Frederick Charles advanced with his main army, while auxiliary forces to the right and left at- tempted to turn the Austrian flanks. Sadowa was his Ecugoumont. The brunt of the battle fell upon those who attempted, on the one side, to take and on the other to keep this position. This peaceful little village on the River Biatritz was eight days since the scene of an encounter which, for mingled fierce- ness and duration, cannot be matched by any battle since the end of the great war. On that Taesday morning, July 3, its wooden cottages stood among orchards thick wiih tha fruit of sumtnat, apparently in perfect secndty. Before night came the cottages were mere charredwood and dying embers, the orchard trees were flayed »nd scarred and broken, and the Bistritz itself ran a discoloured stream, beaxing its tale to those who tould not see the ruins of Sadowa. The Bistritz at Sadowa runs from about N.N.E. to S.S.W., and newly parallel on its east side is the course of the Upper Elbe between Josephetadt and Kdaiggratz. On the, morning of the 3rd Prince Frederick Charles was at Milowita, on the right ballk of the Bistritz, and little more than six miles from Sadofa. At Neubidsoaau, ten miles on the right, w;s General von .Bittenfeld, with the 8fch Division, t»d about the sama distance on the left, sketching fron -Diiietin on the Bistritz, further to the east, on its left bank, was the Crown Prince, with the army of Silgaim. Between these extreme wings lay the Prussian forces, parallel to the Bistritz, 250,000 strong, aider the immediate control of the Prussian king. The Austrian force was correctly believed by the Pmasians to be naarly equal to their own, and althoughit was known to beNstrongly posted along the left bank of tha Bistritz, Princo Frederick Charles determines on taking the high road which leads from Milowitz aortas the stream at Sadowa towards Koniggratz, so as jo fall upon its centre, orders being sent to the Crown iMnce and General von Bittenfeld to attempt to turn theenemy. Five miles brought the main army, alitfcle afterssven o'clock, to Dub, whence theroad descends for a inila and a quarter to the bridge of Sadowa. It was fiom the crest of the hill at Dub that our correspondent with the Prussian army looked down, on that Tuesday morning, upon what was to be, before sunset, the scene of a most sanguinary conflict. At his feet wa,s Sadowa; on hiij right, a mile further down the stream,, yas Dohiinitz, and, still a mile be- yond, Mokrowens, ind between the two, but standing back from the strasm, tha schloss of Dohalicha; on his left, some two miles up the river, was the village of Benatek. All along the opposite bank were thick wooda covo'h pide of the valley, and on the crest, a nine and. a half above Sadowa, stood the. church gpiho of L'vt, close behind which lies Chlum, or Klum. The Atatoian* forces were posted along the left bank, under cover of the woods; and it is evident that as loig an they' could keep such a position they were cbie to neutralise ia great measure the terrible advantage of the needle-gun. The firing began about half-jast seven o'clock, but about, a quarter before eight the Prussians had brought up their field batteries and the struggle commenced. The Austrian guns aeexmd to appear, says our correspon- dent, as if by rnagits on .eyery point of their position. From every viHagealong the course of the stream, from Benatek dows; to Mokrowens, came flashes of fire and whizzing sfells amoag the Prussian artillery, dismounting guns, killing men and horses, and splintering carriagel. in all directions. Shells were even thrown up theslope towards Dab, one of which bursting among a scuadron of Uhlans killed four men close beside the Kin». For two hours the cannonade continued with tsribie vigour on each Bide, the Austrian artillery ofieera hot only having the better position, but also kiowing their ground, but towards 10 the Austrian _ba(teriea on the Prussian right, at Dohilnitz, Dohalich^ and lliokrowens, were forced to retire a little up tin hi! and it was resolved to carry the villages along fta stream..Benatek, meanwhile, caught fire on the let, the Prussiazf 7th Division made a dash upon it, and after desperate hand-to- hand fighting in th: midst of the flames secured the position. A simnhXHJOus attack was made on Sadowa, Dohilnitz, aid Mokrowens, and the slaughter on both sides was foi an hour tremendous; the Prus- sians were abia to ire more quickly, but they were obliged to fire pretty much at random, while the Aus- trian Jajers did tarrijla execution on their assailants. The Prussians almoat paved their way with dead and woundedj and when t) help their infantry they turned their artillery on the vilagea, andMokrowens and Dohil- nitz both caught tie, still the Austrians did not yield. Our correspoident with the Austrian army from his station fewer at Koniggratz saw the villages .bursty into lamea one after another, but the unbroken line of ;he Austrian forces maintaining its ground in the cettra, and apparently advancing on its left, still gave sromiaa of victory to their arms. At length, about 11, tae Prussians having secured the villages on the river, ^tempted to seiza the opposite slopes, and it was thai that the 27th Regiment entered the woods above Benajak; 3,000 strong, with 90 officers, to come out of them Ttith only 300 or 400 rank and file and two efheerj a. o^d unwounded. The Prussian artillery was brough, to the far side of the Bis- tritz, and began *o Saj upon the new position which tho Austrians Lad ta (n up on the Elope, but for nearly four hours they faOectto produce axi impression. The Austrian artillery mate fatal practice, the needle-gun -did not tell, and reputed charges of infantry served to carry forwards thi front a few hundred vards uu the slope only to be repelled again. The position was most critical. The Prussian right wing had been advancing at an earl- period of the morning against Nechanitz, but it had ince become stationary, and the observers from the .Edaiggratz watch tower dis- tinctly saw the Saxftis, who formed the Austrian left, repulsing their assailants. Prince Frederick Charles, in comnia'4j. of the centre, was—like Napoleon at Wateloo—earnestly praying that the Crown Prince, hieGrouchy, might appear to turn tha enemy's right. lie result of the battle was so doubtful that the CIWilry was formed to cover a re- treat should it be foqid necessary, and General von Eheiz was sent off tolook after the Army of Silesia. At three ho returned with the welcome intelligence that the Crown Priuia was pressing the Austrian right; at half-past thee the columns of the Crown Prince were seen movi.g along the crest over Benatek against Lipa, and at tlj same hour it became evident to the Austrian comaanaers, and to the Konig-. gratz observers, that he battle was lost. It was, in fact, a question whetiar the Army of Silesia might j not cut oil tho Austriaiforcca from their base, and pre- vent the retreat to Kojiggiatz and thence to Pardu- bitz. 'Our eorrsapQB^nts^with the Austrian army appear, indeed, to thiik that the battle might yet ha-ve been saved.. TheAustrian cavulry-pørhans the finest in the world—scarcely been engaged, and had a Murat been preant to have led it against the advancing columns of the Crown Prince, the battle, might have been woa. The opportunity, if it existed, was lost; the whole ar;iy fell back along the highroad to Koniggiaiz, and tie straggle into that citadel across tha pontoon biggea which had been thrown ove». the Elbe v»"as to feme extent, a reprodaction of the hcxrors of the retrit froto Lelpeio. l
J WARLIKE PREPARATIONS. • ro«r«f^mip0+ur °f 11Au?tria issued, at Vienna, on the 10th of July, the following manifesto: hfiffll1oT.m^I>0Oples,TT^8 misfortune which has nS«f }lo^army.0f North, notwithstanding its ii, resistance to the enemy—the increased of w Fatherland—the calami- V7'1 I17 J1C my belovcd kingdom of Bohemia ■' mv emfiri!Se+lan threaten other parts of sustained hv d painful and irreparable losses devotion and readiness for any self-sacrifice— a reliance on the courage of my amy, whS even misfortune cannot subdue-a reliance upon God Ind Kinstanr"¥ ks not ^ered for f single instant. I have addressed mvself to Emperor of the French, requesting his pood offices for bringing about an armistice with Italv Ttfnf merely did tk. Emperor r«3^ XpSTto S Kl"™' intensiono? any further bloodshed, he even of his own accord hStmties an?for Wlth ?russia for a suspension of nlvL T i opening negotiations for peace. JLms offer I have accepted. I am prepared to make engirt fhfl1™1'«oadititms, in order to put an « T?, F ? Woodshed and ravages of war. Vi,L. Wl^ never sanction a treaty of peace bv as a great °' Austria's position this should bo £ he ease T sm roc i" "iJon6r than that war to the SmiS? ?v° °n my peoples' approval y' and m thls 1 am sure of al' r?»ra by the conscription which hu, Jff large enrolments of volunteers ™TT J^f!? a? K newly-awakened spirit of patriotism arms by "Austria has been severely visiter ,„■» but she is not humiliated or bowed dowi? jiafortuno' "My peoples,—Have confidence in youi i? The peoples of Austria have never shown th't,. ■, greater than in misfortune. reives Wi-Ji follow the example of my forefathers, wiil lead you on with determination, perseverance, and unshakeablo confidence in God. .I^IuAncxs JOSEPH, Given at my residence in the capital of Vienna, this tenth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-six." ¡¡rr:a
SENDING BAD MEAT TO TIlE LONDON MARKET. At the Guildhall on Thursday, John Seabrook, a butcher, residing at Chelmsford, was summoned before Alderman Einnis by tha Commissioners of Sewers for the City of London, fer sending to the London market for sale the carcase of a pig that was unfit for food. It appeared that the defendant sent to Mr. Titmars, a highly respectable salesman of Newgate-market, the carcass of a pig, on the 30th of May, which was in a very bad state from disease. The insidas of the stomsch and ribs were covered with small ulcers, the ears were inflamed, and the flesh was wet and emaciated. Any person would have noticed it, and' particularly a butcher ought to have saen it. The pustules were full of matter, and tha carcass was brought to Guildhall and condemned. It was contended that defendant was not aware of the condition of the animal, but Mr. Alderman Einnis fined him .810. which was paid.
WOMAN AND HER HUSBAND. At the Thames Police-court, Thomas Cockerill, aged 43, described as a labourer, of No. 12, George-street, Salmon's-lane, Limehouse, was charged with being drunk, disorderly, and assaulting Priscilla, his wife. The complainant, an industrious woman, had come into possession of £ 200, a legacy from her mother, who was desirous that a freehold house should be purchased with the money, and that her daughter, son-in-law, and grandchildren should be provided with a. home from which they could not bo removed. The prisoner determined on spending the money for ,his own gratification, and he had obtained a good deal of it and carried out his selfish views. His wife, however, had managed to persuade him to invest £135 in their joint names. he scon repented of this, and on Friday he got drunk and asked her to sign a document to enable him to withdraw the money. She refused to do this, and he abused her and committed a savage assault upon her. lie threw a stool at her, and struck her repeatedly about the head and face with his fists. A police-constable named Perks, No. 384 K, hearing the screams of the complainant, went into her dwelling, and found her, with her mouth cut and bleeding, and very weak. The prisoner said he had as much right to the money as his wife had. He was about to enter into particulars concerning the bequest of the legacy when Mr. Paget stopped him, and said he had nothing to do with that matter, but only with the offences charged. A very brutal assault had been committed by the prisoner on his wife, and he should sentence him to three months' imprisonment and hard labour. He would advise the complainant to consult a respect-, able solicitor as to the disposal of the money.
FACTS AND FACETI2E. The musician who can make his hearers forget time may be excused for not keeping it. A Paradox,—When a shoemaker is lag to make a boot, the first thing he uses is the last. A fashionable party is now called a daughter- cultural show." o ut When is literary work like smoke? When it comes in volumes. A gentleman who had borrowed money of all his friends, at last applied to an old Quaker, who said, Friend Fordyce, I have known several persons ruined by two dice; and I will take care not to be ruined by Four dice. Sententious Epitaph in a Rustic Cemetry: Tho rottin, not forgottin." At what time should an innkeeper visit an iron- foundry P-Wi-ien he wants.a bar-maid. Why is a cat going up three flights of stairs like a big hill ? Because she is a mount'in. Why is a piece of sterile ground like a certain toilet article P-Beoause it's bare soil (bear's oil). "John, can you tell me the difference between attraction of gravitation and attraction of cohesion ?s' —"Yes, sir," said John. "Attraction of gravitation pulls a drunken man down, and the attraction of cohesion prevents his getting up again." Dr. Johnson's definition of a note of admiration (!) made on the moment is very neat:— I see-I see-I know not what, I see a dash above a dot, Presenting to my contemplation A nerfect noint of admiration. M. About, in a recent publication, says of an avaricious man, that, it had been proved that, after having kindled his fire, he stuck a cork in the end of the bellows to save the little wind that was left in them." Well, uncle, do you see any particular difference in neighbour Pearoe since he joined the Church?" Oh, yes," was the reply, a great difference. Before, when he wont out into his garden on Sunday, he car- ried garden tools on his shoulder, how he carries them under his overcoat." Bitter.—It seems, from the issue of a recent trial in Paris, that a matrimonial agency which had a negress to marry on their books, used to announce the fact thus:—"A negro lady to marry, with a fortune of two millions and a half franc3." The nibbles at the black one were not many, and he who bit waa finahy bitten. A young man advertises for a place as a sales- man, and says he has had a great deal of. experience, havisg been discharged from seven situations within the year. A lady, commending the manners of a gentleman of her acquaintance, said, He is a paragram of polite. nesa," "Parallelogram, madam, you mean, said a wag, sitting next to her. "Ah, yes, .paxaueiogram, I ah iu!d have said," replied the lady. Stamped Antelopes."—A would-be gentleman, thr)' other day, called at the Post-office, and displayed his igiior&noo of natural history or the French lar.r. u i; pe or both, by re.qiwatisg to ba supplied with a stamped antelope! J There is a legend that, one day, a woma&went to Brigham Young for counsel, touching, some alleged oppression by an officer of the church. Brigham, like a true politician, assumed to know her; but, when it became necessary ta record her case, hesitated, and said, Let me see, sister, I forget your name." My name!" was the indignant reply, "why, I am your wife I" When did I marry you? The woman in- formed the "President," who referred to an account- book in his desk, and then said: Well, I believe you are right. I knew your face was familiar!" .•^ Action.—It was once ruled in an actian for lu +V i? !by a °lsr £ yman against a pamphleteer, tnat to call a lawyer a fool was actionable, because one A? a without being a bad lawyer; but that the same term applied to a clergyman wa3 not actionable, since a man might be a feol and yet a very good parson. J "4" S^arp Retort. Two lawyers, one of whom had grey hair, and the other, though just as old a man as his learned friend, had hair which looked sus- piciously black, had some altercation about some question of practice, in which the gentleman with the dark hair remarked to his opponent, at the same time looking at the barrister's grey head, "A person at your time of life, sir, ought to have had long enough experience to know what is customary in such cases." "Yes, sir," was the reply; "you may stare at my grey hair if you like. My hair will be grey as long as I live, and yours will be black as long as you dye." A young man, having entertained a tender passion for a young woman, felt such insurmountable diffidence as to prevent his ever disclosing the same to the fair empress of his heart, and resolved on an expedient which would bring the business to an issue. He went to the parish clerk, and requested that the banns of marriage might be published. When the publication was brought to the young woman's ears she was filled with astonishment, and went to him to vent her resentment. He bore the sally with fortitude, ooserving that if she did not think proper to have him, she could just go to the church and forbid the banns. After a moment's pause, she took counsel with her anger, and said, "As it has been done, it is a, pity that the fee should be thrown away! The following poem on incontrovertible facts con- tain no vowel but Or I" No monk too good to rob, or cog, or plot, No fool so gross to bolt Scosohcollops hot. Donjon tops no Oronoako rolls. Troops^' no^ ^G!i0S> floods Oporto's bowls. Box lom Sld o!i sot consort. No cool mortal011001"3?3 do flog for sport. Orthodox, jo,tid blow soft on Oxford dons, Bold Ostrogoths 0fbfeook;^™ Solomons! On London shop-fro.uillt3 no aorror show. To crocks of gold no do33 hoP"b„lo3s°ms grow. On soft cloth footstools no Ior, Long storm-tost sloops forlorn^? ^)tn brood. Hooks do not roost on spoons, ner T.on to port. Nor dog on snowdrop or on coltsfoot rcgocks snort. Nor common frog concocts long protocols. "Artemus Ward among the Fenians', witi* Showman's Observation on Life," is the title of a t2& work just introduced.. Some parts of it are very droll. The humour is not of a very subtle or large kind, but there is a frolicsome extravagance iu it which makes one laugh. It is not everjone who would venture to put together such rubbish, but then if it is rubbish it is good rubbish, instance tha following:—" It waa late when I got home. The children and my wife was all abed. But acanêHe-a candle made from taller of our own raisin'—gleamed ia Betsy's room; it gleamed for I! All was still. The sweet silvery moon was a shinin' bright, and the beautiful stars was up to their usual d(.)ins! I felt a sontymental mood so gently ora me stealin', I pawsed before Betsy's winder, and sung, in a kind of op'ratic vois, as fellers, iirpromtoo, to wit:- 1 Wake, Bessy, wake, My sweet galoot! Rise up fair lady, While I touch my hde The winder—I regret to say that the winder went up with a violent crash, and a form robed in epot- liep white exclaimed, 4 Cam into the house, you old fool. To inorrer you'll ba gom* round complainiu' ir e i- about yosr liver! I sot up nspell by the kitohen fire re-idm' Lewis Napoleon's ijife of Julius Gtesar.' What a reckless old cuss he was Yit Lewis pictura him in glowin cullers, Ciesar made it lively for the boys in Gaul, didn't he ? He slewed one million of citizens, male and female—Gauls and. Gaulusscs-and then he sold another million of 'em into slavery. Ha continnered this cheerful stile of thing for sum time, when one day he was 'sassinated in Borne by sum highl toned Roman genl'men, led on by Mr. Brutus. When old Bruty inserted his knife into him, Csesar admitted that he was gone up. His funeral was a great success, the house bein' crowded to its utmost capacity. Ten minutes after the doors were opened the ushers had to put up cards on which was printed Siiandin' Room Only.' I went to bed at last. And so,' I said, thou hast no ear for sweet melody ?' A silvery snore was my only answer. Betsy slept." Arfcemiis Ward, however, is not the,only bidder for fame in putting forth drolleries. There is a book come out called Josh Billings, His Book of Sayings." He sets at defiance all rules of spelling, and adopts a style of his own, which of course will appear childish and frivolous to those people who cannot "take a joke." Josh takes Fashion as his theme, and thus discourses upon it Fashion is a compound mixtur ov much taist and sum vanitee. The taist that is into it saives it from ridikule. Paslmn iz just az necessara tu govern men and wimmin with az sivil law; in fack, menny folks wud ruther brake a statu than tu ware a cut tale. tu short, or a bunne-tt to obtuza. Exsen- trieity iz one thing and fashun iz another thing. Wa liamt no more rite tu lafi" at fashun than wa hav tu laff at vittels. What a man or woman eats if it iz well cooked iz all rite, and what tha ware if it iz well cooked is ditto. After fashuns have had their da then iz the time tu despize them just so it iz with vittels--cold vittels for in- stanze. Nobody iz tu blame for eld fashuns. If our grate grandmother shud meet our present mother both ov them dressed in the fashmi ov their respektif daze, tha wud go tu kalling each other old fools, and we should stan by and offer tu bet on it. If evrv boddy had a fashun ov their own it wud make az mutch trubble az a shinpla,stor kurrency. Them that sett the fashun aught tu be vartnous and big minded, bekauze the morals ov a, poopla are just about az much inflooensed by fashun az tha are by religun. In them daze, when tha had no partiklar fashun tha didn't hav partiklar enny thing else. It iz more evidense ov va,nitee to rejek fashun than it iz tu adopt it. Evra boddy more or lessly hankers after fashun. "Fashun makes the poor ambishus and it makes the rich affabil; it makes the vartuous cheerful, and it makes the humbly kind ov handsome, and there iz no reason why it shud make the modest bold, enny more than elegense shud make the butiful wicked. Thera has alwus bin wolfs in shesps' clothing, and fashun will okasionally be used for the same purpis, but that aiat enny reason why mutton arnt good, nor why fashun shud be hipokrasy. Bekauze sum peopil are slaves tu faahun only proves its power, and yu will find that thezawhoare its slaves are ginerally free from most, ov the big sius that humin natur iz subjeo tu. The big minded and the noble adopt. faehun just az tha du enny other proper kustom, simpla bakause it iz the fashun. It is tru that sum ov the, fashuns are absurd and it is tru that sum ov the vartues are absurd also' If a fashun kant be made tu square itself tu the rules ov either good cense or good taist, it aint fashun, it is consait. A grate meimy foikes oed that whoopa was a failure, but tha held their own and grew nisely; tha are realy -™ a hot da. I shud like tu set in one all thru Juli and August, a feller wud be as cool as a dog s nose m a wire muzzle. The essa is thru."
The inquest on Mrs. Warder, wife of the doctor who lately committed suicide at Brighton, was re- T cc"icluded on Monday. The evidence Wf of an interesting and conclusive oaaraoter Amongst the witnesses were Drs. Taylor anci V/ilka. These gentlemen had analysed the contents of the stomach and examined the intestines generally of the deceased. They not only failed to aiaooyor any trace of mineral or vegetable poisons, but also failed to see anything which would account for death. The conclusion they arrived at was that, although aconite could not be discovered, it was most likely, from the symptoms which deceased displayed some time before her death, that aconite had caused- it. After an investigation of close upon four hours' duration, the jury agreed to a verdict to the effect that Mrs. Warder was feloniously, wilfully, and of malice aforethought, kilk-d. aiid mradered by Qør husband,"