EPITOME OF NEWS. --+-- A wagoner, named William Dalletmans, in the service of a market gardener, wa3 riding to town on Monday morning on the shaft of Ms cart, when he went to sleep and fell under the wheels. He was killed on the spot. A bov named George Matthews, residing in Birmingham, who was injured by his father throwing a pair of scissors at him in a fit of passion, died in the hospital on Sunday. A correspondent of a Portsmouth paper states that mosquitoes, of a true West Indian type, have made their appearance at Woolstone, in Hants. A young lady there has Been stung by them in the arms, which swelled Up to an immense size in consequence. The miners at all the principal colleries in Ash- ton-under-Lyne, Duldnfield, and ne^hbQurhood turned out on Saturday and Monday for an advance of 2d. m the shil- ling The proprietors of the Limehurst pits have acceded to gthe demands of the workmen, but the Astley. deep pit, and most of the others, are at present at a standstill. Just as the wickets were being pitched at the great United South of England Cricket Match, a cabman from Sutton, named Saunders, while standing near the parish church, fell down suddenly dead. He had been complaining but a few minutes previous of the oppressive- ness of the heat. The. church bells indicated the melan- choly occurrence. « -r. „ Mr. John Lister, formerly of the Royal Gar- rison Hotel, Fulwood, and latterly of Ribtoleton-house, Ribbletob, both near Preston, committed suicide on Satur- day by leaping through his bedroom wiadow. He was fifty- five years of age, and it is supposed that he was suffering from an attack of delirium tremens. The Didaskalia" of Frankfort publishes a curious account of the expenses attendant upon obtaining a diploma, of nobility in Prussia. The diploma itself is not to be bought, but the fortunate possessor of it has to pay a Variety of costs," amounting in the aggregate to 833 thalers, or about £ 120 sterling. Among the items of the bill are 400 thalers for taxes, 200 for stamps, 32 for painting the arms, and 27 for the seal. The fleet of steamships belonging to the Inraan line, trading between Liverpool and New York, will, in the course of a few weeks, be increased by another new screw- boat, the City of Paris, built on the same lines, we believe, as the late City of New York. Another new steamer for the same line has just been ordered, to be constructed on the Clyde She is to be called the City of Antwerp, and will be Propelled by engines of 1.450-horse power, while her ton- nage will be equal to that of the City of Boston and the City of Paris. During the past week the number of visitors to the South Kensington Museum have been as follows:- On Monday, Tuesday, and Saturday, free days, open from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m., 11,289; on Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, students' days, admission to the public, 6d., open from 10 a.m. till 6 p.m., 1.241-total, 12,530. From the Opening of the museum, 5,546,720. We regret to announce the death of Mr. M. "Wolverley Attwood, which took place rather suddenly on Sunday morning, at his residence at Dulwicb, in his fifty- Seventh year. For upwards of thirty years he was chairman Of the General Steam Navigation Company, besides occupy- ing a similar position in several other commercial under- takings. At one time he represented the borough of Green. Wich in Parliament. It is said that 40,000 negroes have died in the Southern States from disease and want, since the fall of the Confederacy. The Morning Post states that they are authorised to contradict the announcement which has been made in several journals, that the Marquis of Sligo is about to marry Lady Diana Beauclerk. A duel recently took place in Naples between Paolo Fambri. editor of the Patria, and Georgio Asproni, editor of the Popolo d'licclui. The combatants fired six shots Without any result. The Princess Dagmar wears a large black cross in especial memento of the late CzarewitGh, her betrothed, for whom she still mourns in outward form ana in- inner- Hlost heart. A child of three and a half years old was found Strangled in its bed in a house of the commune of Plceuc near St. Brieuc. The mother and her husband have been arrested. The Countess of Waldegrave has laid the foundation stone of a new church in Denton Holme, a dis- trict of Carlisle, and has contributed £ 400 towards the building. The cost of the edifice will be three thousand Sounds. A Paris correspondent says that the first questions an English excursionist asks on his arrival in the capital are:—"How many francs do I get for this sove- reign P" "Where do they sell pale ale P" and" Where Shall we see the Emperor ?" An ingenious gentleman has advanced the horrible theory that all the dead men who have been thrown overboard in their shotted hammocks are standing bolt up- light and perfectly fresh at the bottom of the sea, like an army waiting for the order to march. How about the fishes, sharks, &c. P During the -past week 50 wrecks have been reported, making a total for the present year of 1,513. The freedmen of Charlestown. are making Preparations for establishing a newspaper in joint. stock proprietorship. Several thousand dollars of the stock has been taken by the negroes, and there is a fair prospect that the project will be successful. A young man, William Rafford, by name, was cha.rged before Mr. Raffles, at Liverpool, with having, while drunk, taken his infant, a child a month old, by the heels, and endeavoured to beat out its brains against the pave- ment. The charge was proved, and he was remanded. High as the prices of sheep are at this time, those who pride themselves on choice flocks have to give large sums for first-class animals for breeding purposes. As Will have been seen at the ram sale of Mr. Brydon,.Mood- law, near Beattock, the sum of iCl55 was paid for a. single ram. General Lee, the late commander-in-chief of the Southern army, is living in quiet and humility on an obscure and well-nigh inaccessible farm, the property of a friend, m. Cumberland county, Virginia. His sons and a nephew, with Slight aid comparatively, have raised a magnificent crop ot, corn on the White House Farm. On the 10th of September, a, feu-de-joie was kindled on the Schnee Koppe, the highest of the giant mountains in Lower Silesia, to celebrate the birth of a child in a hut on the top of the mountain. The Prussian wags say this is the "highest born" person in the Prussian, dominions. The absurd alarm continues in the papers rela- tive to the disease among poultry. Of course the markets rise but no one professes to have seen a diseased fowl, and to be able to tell the disease. We should presume it was the chicken-pox they are all troubled with. The little daughter of Mr. Homing, land agent to the Duke of Newcastle, was accidentally drowned at Morecambe last week. It is supposed that she was seized with a fit whilst bathing. There is rather a noise in Paris at present, as it is asserted by the agent of Messrs. Davenport Brothers that some o-entlemen who had "free tickets" took the^oppor- tunity when the money was returned at the doors, to take their entrance money for their tickets. The affair demands a thorough sifting and explanation. A railway train between Lyons and St. Etienne had a narrow escape the other day. A heavy cart with three horses was crossing the line as it came up; the caxma^i and his horses were killed and the cart smashed to atoms, but the train was uninjured. The Patrie of Bruges states that the potato disease has appeared in the neighbourhood of Passchen- dacle, in Western Flanders. The proportion of the orop attacked varies from one-tenth to two-thirds. In the report of the Inland Revenue Commis- sioners, just issued, it is stated that while writing their re- port 1 000 guineas was paid by one individual as Con- See Money'' for unpaid income-tax! In a former year they received £ 14,000 on the same account from, another individual. A Biarritz letter states that the Empress, En. genie takes a bath daily, and the Prince Imperial receives every morning a swimming lesson. The consecration of the chapel of the Imperial residence, placed under the invoca- tion of I I Nctre Dame de la Guadalupe," took place on the 16th the anniversary of the deatb of the Duchess d'Albe. All the visitors at Biarritz were present. The lioness that recently gave birth to three young cubs at the Prince Alphonse Circus is not as well as could be expected, and in consequence of her delicate health the infants have been given to a lady dog to nurse and bring up. When they are old enough doubtless they will repay the foster-mother for her kindness. No steps will be taken by the Home Office, it is understood, to procure the removal of Southey to London to take his trial for the murder of his three children. He still remains in the gaol at Sandwich, and will not be tried until the winter assizes at Maidstone, previously to which he will be taken to the county gaol. He continues to act in the same excited manner, and it is the opinion of some per- sons about him that he is feigning insanity. It is announced that Edwin Booth, the tragedian, brother of J Wilkes Booth, has been persuaded to abandon his retirement and again appear on the stage. He will appear at the Winter Garden Theatre, in New York, about the 1st of October, and preparations are being made to give him a magnificent reception. The Prussian papers state that the cattle murrain prevails with a certain intensity m the environs of Brussels in spite of the energetic measures taken by the authorities and the efforts of the veterinary surgeons. A ineeting of the principal Government veterinary practi- tioners is about to be held in that city. General Cameron, who has been at loggerheads with Sir Georsre Grey and the Colonial Government, has resigned hifXmand in New Zealand, and is shortly ex- peered to arrive in this country.. Advices from Poland state that the town of Schemeletz, near Klepeida, has been totally destroyed by a conflagration. Many children, left in the houses whilst their parents wereworking in the fields, perished in the flames. Two meteorologists, the brothers Blatter, have just taken up their residence for one year in a small build- ing on the St. Toledo Mountain, one of the Alps, at an ele- vation of 11,367 feet above the level of the sea, or 3,300 feet higher than the St. Bernard, for the purpose of making meteorological observations. An Australian paper, in speaking of the high price of provisions there, says that the South Australian Assembly have voted £5,000 to be used by the Government in temporarily increasing the salaries of Government servants whose incomes. do not exceed £400 a year-this grant being made in consequence of the unusually high prices of provisions and clothing. The trial of Mr. John Bell, farmer, Glenduckie, for the alleged crime of sending threatening letters to the Rev Mr. Edgar of Dunbog, and Mr. Ballingall, farmer there, took place at, Perth. After much evidence was read on both sides, including that of a girl named Elizabeth Bdmiston, who admitted in course of examination that she had written the letters in question, the charge was withdrawn by the Advocate Depute, and panel was dismissed from the bar. A fire broke out recently at the large grain establishment of Mr. John Rawsthorne, Preston. The mill and warehouses adjoining contained £ 8,000 or £10,000 worth of grain. The three higher stories of both the nulls and the warehouse were almost gutted, and damage to the amount of nearly £2,000 was done to the grain, machinery, &c., which they contained. As the mail train from Omagh was Bearing Dimgannon the other day it ran over a man named James Stinson, a shoemaker. His legs were cut off below the knees. Surgeons were immediately in attendance, but could not render aaay assistance, and the poor man died shortly afterwards. The latest cholera. returns from Italy show such a decline as to'warrant the conclusion that the malady has completely lost its epidemical character. The two days last returns showed that there were only 28 new cases and 13 deaths in 14 towns collectively. Dr. Smith, late Bishop of Victoria, writes in reference to the reported suppression of his see, that, although he is aware of such an impression having been conveyed by remarks made some time ago in conversation by a member of the Government to more than one person with whom he is acquainted, more recent personal inquiries of his own at the Colonial Office have convinced him that no intention of suppressing the bishopric is entertained by the Government. In consequence of some rumours respecting the insecurity of Orumlin Viaduct the Board of Trade sent Captain Tyler to inspect it. Several very severe tests- numerous engines, trucks laden with coal and iron, &c.- were applied, but the viaduct, after eight years' wear, appeared as strong as at first. Some of the bolts were being replaced, and it is thought that this gave rise to the alarming reports of the state of the bridge.
The Plague in Sheep. By the authority of the Lord President of the Council the London Gazette have published the following letter upon this subject "Veterinary Department, 23, New-street, Spring-gardens, Sept. 25,1865. Sir,—I beg to report that, acting on the instruc- tions received from you to investigate without loss of time the statement received at your office relative to an outbreak of the cattle plague in a remote part of the county of Norfolk, supposed to have arisen from cattle having been in contact with some diseased sheep recently brought to the premises, I have visited the district in question and inquired into all the circum- stances of the case. It appears that as far back as the 17th of August Mr. C. Temple, farmer and merchant, of Blakeney, received on his farm 120 lambs which he had instructed a dealer to procure for him for feeding purposes. "The lambs were bought at Thetford Fair on the. preceding day, and were immediately sent by rail to Fakenham, from which place they were driven to Blakeney, a distance of about ten miles. On their arrival they appeared to be fatigued to a greater ex- tent than ordinary, which was, however, attributed to the heat of the weather and the exertion the animals had undergone. In addition to this, the shepherd observed that several of them seemed unwell, and he remarked to his master that they did not appear to be a very healthy lot,' and that he thought it would be better to return them to the dealer Within a day or two of this time the symptoms of illness were more marked in all the original cases, and many more of the animals had been attacked. On the 24th two of the worst cases were removed from the field to the farm premises, and were placed in a shed for treatment, in which afterwards a cow was put. On the 25th two of the lambs died, and in consequence of this, and of the large number which were now affected, the whole were brought on the morning of the 27th into the same yard where the shed I previously alluded to is situated. There is also an- other shed, separated from this yard only by some old furze faggots, into which the cows were driven night and morning for being milked. The lambs remaTied in the yard till the morning of the 28th, when, having had some medicine administered to them, they ware returned to the fold, and never came again near the °°" While in the yard three died, two on the 27th and one on the 28th, and on the following day two others died in the field. From this time the disease went on* so that by Friday, Sept. 22, the day of my visit, 46 had either died or been killed, and 27 were in a very precarious condition. On Sept. 7, ten days after the last exposure to the sheep, a cow gave evidence of being affected with the cattle plague: this animal being the one which had been put into the shed occupied by the diseased sheep on the 24th August. A second cow was attacked on Sept. 11, and a third shortly afterwards, which was followed by others, so that by the 16th all the cows, six in number, a heifer and a calf, were all dead. My examination of the lambs showed that they were unmistakably the subjects of the plague. The symptoms agreed in almost every particular with those observed in cattle affected with the malady, and the post-mortem appearances were also identical. With a view to ascertain the true nature of the changes produced in the system prior to death, I had four of the lambs killed, and from these I took some diseased parts and forwarded them to the Royal Veterinary College without note or comment. These parts were examined by my colleague, Mr. Vara ell, who at once recognised the special changes of struc- ture which are caused by the cattle plague. "The whole facts of the case leave not the least doubt of sheep being liable to the disease termed the cattle plague, and that when affected they can easily communicate the malady to the ox tribe: -and, more- over, that when so oonveyed it proves equally as de- structive as when propagated from ox to ox in the or- dinary manner. The case is also more important from having oc curred in a place no less than fourteen miles distant from any other where the cattle plague exists; thus placing beyond a doubt the fact of the malady being introduced among the cattle by the sheep alone. I regret bo add that this is not a solitary case of sheep being affected by the cattle plague. I learned that some sheep were supposed to be similarly affected belonging to Mr. R. J. H. Harvey, M.P., on his estate at Crown Point, near Norwich. This place I also visited, and found a large flock of upwards of 2,000 lambs, among which the malady was prevailing. A large number had been separated from the diseased, and gave no evidence of the malady. Very many, however, had died, and the disease was making rapid progress. I also examined many of the dead, and found the post-mortem appearances to be identical with those seen in the other cases spoken of in this report. In this instance the malady was brought into the estate by the purchase of some cattle which afterwards died from the disease, and which were unfortunately pastured with the sheep at the time the disease mani- fested itself. "The whole matter is one of the greatest impor- tance, and which I lose no time in submitting to you for the information of the Lords of the Council. I have the honour to be, sir, Your most obedient servant, "JAS. B. SlMONDS. To the Clerk of the Council." 0
THE NEWS BUDGET. A man named George Wallace, aged thirty years, was found dead in the corn warehouse of Mr. Hiukley, Wapping, on Friday, under singular circumstances. On Thursday he was missed from his work in the warehouse, and not again making an appearance a strict search was made among the grain on Friday, when he was discovered lying face downwards, dead and cold. He was turned over, when his face was found to be terribly mutilated by the rats. Seizure of Shot and Shell at Liverpool.- On Monday the Customs authorities at Liverpool seized the screw steamer Collina, Captain William- son, which arrived in the port on Sunday, from St. Nazaire. Her manifest did not include 120 tons of shot and shell, which the Customs officers found on board. The Customs authorities continue in pos- session of her and await instructions from the Government. Death while Bathing.—On Saturday afternoon Thomas Wellborne, an old man of 72, who resides at Tanbridge Wells, but who was staying for the benefit of his health with his son at Brighton, went to bathe after dinner at one of the machine stands under the eastern cliff. After being some time in the water, he re-entered the machine, but came out again. Almost immediately after he had done so, he was seen by the attendants to suddenly fall down in the water, which was only about two or three feet deep at that spot. He was immediately pickecl up, and medical aid summoned. He was afterwards taken to Brill's Baths, and put into warm baths, rubbed, &c., under the care of Dr. Carter and Mr. Tuke, surgeon. How- ever, he never recovered. Certificate of Merit.—General Bixio, "Oar Nino," as the Garibaldians call him, has on his return from Portsmouth, written a six-column report on the immense superiority of the Euglish over the French navy. Speaking of our shipbuilding, the only de- partment in which France can bear any comparison," he says-" The best French types are due to the genius of Dupuy de Lome, as all admit. In France, therefore, shipbuilding requires a man of genius, whereas in England you find docks and yards at every step along the four chief rivers—the Thames, the Clyde, the Tyne, and the Mersey. One day they launch the Great Eastern, on the second the Warrior, on the third the Minotaur, on the fourth the Northumber- land, on the fifth the Agincourt, &c. How can the genius of one man be compared with the genius ot a whole nation ? Strand Improvements.—An Act of Parliament has just been printed, entitled "The St. Clement Danes Improvement Act," under which some exten- sive alterations will be made in the Strand, and a number of houses in Wych-street removed. It recites that portions in the Strand and Wych-street are inconveniently narrow, whereby the traffic along those streets is greatly impeded, and it would be to the public advantage that the same should be widened and improved, and that other improvements should be carried out upon and in connection with the property lying between the streets, and that to effect such widenings and improvements the houses now standing on the north side of the Strand and the south side of Wyoh-street should be pulled down, as well as those in Holywell-street, and other and more convenient buildings erected thereon. The Act was passed for the purpose, and a company incorporated to carry out the improvements, which are to be completed within four years; the compulsory purchase of property is limited to two years. The plans and sections of the property required have been deposited with the Clerk of the Peace. The Strand Hotel is not to be interfered with in the proposed alterations. Robbery of Jewellery.-A robbery of gold watches, valued at between X400 and £500, was perpetrated at a jeweller's shop in North Shields, on Saturday night. A well-dressed man entered the shop under pretence that he desired to buy a gold watch. A case of watches for choice was shown him, and after he had selected one he desired the lady who was attending upon him to reach him from the window a chain to look at. While her back wag turned towards him, the villain coolly closed the lid of the case and walked off with it and its valuable contents. Two ladies were in the shop at the time, but appear to have been so much amazed with the audacity of the sharper that they were unable to give any alarm until he was too far away for capture. A Man Killed on the South-Western Rail- way.—Shortly after eleven o'clock on Tuesday morn- ing, a man, apparently about fifty years of age, with a grey beard but no moustache, was taken to the Westminster Hospital from the South-Western Rail- way station, he having received mortal injuries upon the above-mentioned line. He was conveyed from the station in a railway van, resting on carriage cushions, placed on a board, and attended by two of the company's servants. No information could be obtained as to the occurrence, beyond a state- ment that he was a plate-layer in the service of the company, some short distance down the line. When the injured man was taken into the surgery, Mr. Antonini, the house surgeon, on prompt examina- tion, pronounced life extinct. Deceased had sus- tained a compound fracture of the left leg, and his head waa frightfully injured. His name, and the place at which the occurrence that deprived the man of life took place, could not be ascertained. A New Word for the Slang Dictionary.- Caleb Thompson, of 11, Robert-street, Hampstead- road, gold refiner, was charged before the magistrate at Worship street Police-court with an assault. Thomas Goach, brakesman on the Metropolitan Rail- way, said: On the arrival of the 10.28 p.m. train at the Bishop's-road station he looked into one of the car- riages and saw the prisoner asleep. He aroused him, and the prisoner for his pains knocked him down. Prisoner tried to green him."—Mr. Yardley: What ? —Witness: The prisoner tried to green him."—Mr. Yardley said he had had a deal of experience, but he certainly could uot tell the meaning of being "greened." Was there any one in court who could enlighten him ?—Witness Why prisoner tried to murder and throttle me.—Mr. Yardley: That's green- ing" is it.—Witness continued: He called for assist- ance, when Stevens, a porter, came up, and in the straggle he (prisoner) tore his trousers. He was locked up.-Prisoner expressed hia sorrow, and said he would pay for whatever mischief he had done.—Mr. Yardley said he should impose a fine of 40s.; but if he he would pay 7s. 6d., the amount of damage done to the trousers, and a penalty of 20s. he could go.-This latter the prisoner assented to, paid the amount and left. Cruelty to Animals on Board a Ship.-A charge of cruelty to animals was recently preferred at the Hull Police-court against John Heitmann, the captain of the Mowe, a Bremen steamer. It was stated that on the arrival of the vessel in Hull on Wednesday morning there were on board 242 beasts, 192 sheep, 38 pigs, and 14 calves-very much more than the vessel could conveniently carry. Some of the animals were injured by the close packing, and there was no appearance of food or water having been supplied to them during the voyage, although the defendant alleged that they had been watered and fed. The vessel was in a most filthy condition, and it was found that there were from 50 to 60 animals on board more than could be properly accommodated. The bench convicted the defendant for cruelty, and fined him X5 and costs. Fatal Accidents to Workmen.—On Saturday two inquests were held at the London Hospital on the bodies of Alfred Blackford, aged 29 years, and George White, aged 61 years. In the first case on August 25, the deceased and another man were en- gaged in hauling up some timber to a scaffolding in Marsh-gate-lane, when he overbalanced himself and fell headlong to the ground, and received such injuries that he died on the 21st inst. In the second case the deceased fell with a high ladder, upon which he was standing in the Durham-road, Seven Sisters-road, on the 6th September, and injured his head and spine. The jury returned a verdict of Accidental Death izi each case. The woman Esther Lack, who murdered her children in Southwark some weeks since was tried at the Central Criminal Court on Thursday. She was acquitted on the ground of insanity. Two persons named Stack, husband and wife, were charged with causing the death of their child by ill-usage. The mam was acquitted; the woman, being found guilty, was sentenced to four months' imprisonment. Another case tried was that of Madame Valentin, who was charged with perjury committed in one of the many trials in which she has been engaged. The jury, the reporter says, to the surprise of the court, found her guilty. The Recorder does not seem to approve of the [ verdict. He postponed passing sentence.
FEMALE MEDICAL SOCIETY. This society has been recently formed for the pur- pose of supplying one of the most obvious wants in our social system, namely, properly qualified women to practice midwifery, and minister to the diseases of women and children. That in this country women should hitherto have been excluded from a branch of medicine for which they have such especial aptitudes, seems surprising, considering the successful examples afforded by France and America of the efficiency of female practitioners. As three-fourths of the duties imposed on the medical profession relate to women and children, and many of them involving cases of ex- treme delicacy, it has been argued both by professional men and others that the employment of educated wo- men is an obvious necessity. So far as the practice of midwifery is concerned, they say it is suprising that there should be a second opinion as to the superior natural fitness of woman. Formerly women had the practice entirely in their own hands; but when the healing art grew into a science, midwifery was still regarded as so simple and natural a business, that colleges were never formed for training wemen scienti- fically, while the new order of medical men stepped into the gap, and gradually displaced women from the more lucrative walks of practice. The interests of society, however, imperatively require that they should be provided with- opportunities of studying midwifery, &c., like those which have hitherto been monopolised by men. What more natural than that women should be engaged in attending to the diseases of women, and especially in the obstetric art, where so much assiduity, tender- ness, and womanly sympathy are required ? In order to have these functions properly performed, women should have special training, and have their fitness demonstrated by public examinations, and re- ceive diplomas as distinctive marks of their educa- tional acquisitions, so that the public may be enabled to distinguish the "Charlotte Wineors" from the properly qualified practitioners- Such a badge 01 merit and proficiency would imbue its possessors with a deeper sense of the responsibility of their vocation, and would stimulate them to more thorough-going-study. In fact, women, to be recognised as qualified practitioners, should undergo a systematic course of study, in its way like that now prescribed to medical men, and be duly registered before permitted to practise. Let ladies be only afforded proper facilities for acquiring a Know- ledge of the healing art, and they will prove themselves equal, if not superior, to practitioners of the other sex, in the departments of practice appertaining to women and children. Without their co-operation there is a lamentable hiatus in the medical profession. In all domestic sanitary arrange- ments and hygiene, women must necessarily be the chief agents, and hence the neoesaity of a systematic course of training which will render them efficient ones. Ladies subjected to such preparatory discipline would become the best teachers of women m all, sanitary, physiological, and hygienic knowledge, as men would be prevented, by a natural reserve, from communicating, many things which it is most important that women should know. Hitherto there has been much professional exolusiveness manifested by the faculty, but already some of the most. eminent medical men are giving proof that they have a higher regard for the welfare of society than the interests of their own order. The numbers are not few who con- tend that women could discharge with more efficiency many medical duties in the female wards ot Hospi- tals, lunatic asylums, almshouses, prisons, and reformatory institutions for females, than the rougher sex would do. Their kindly ministrations, they say, would do much to restore mental, moral, and physical health to the afflicted and the erring. It is a well ascertained fact that many of the diseases of women remain uncured, not from any want of efficiency in medicine, or skill in medical men, bnt simply from the delicacy of the relations existing; between the sexes, and the want of canfidence on the part of the patient in the practitioner. The obstetrie art is one so peculiarly feminine thai: mid wives were always a recognised class in Egypt, Greece, ana Home; and in China, Japan, India, and.Turkey this ser- vice is at present performed solely by women. If woman is proved to be the most suitable person to perform the duty, it is important that she should be thoroughly educated for it. For the accomplishment of this de- sirable object a properly organised institution is obviously necessary, and to fill up this gap tne "Female Medical Society" hava commenced a col- lege at 4, Fitzroy-square, London, and. are asking the support of the public, in order that ladies may be pro- vided with proper facilities for the study of midwifery and the diseases of women, and lie mstructedrn the principles of hygienic and preventive medicine. The so- ciety has been two years in_ existence, and its opera- tions have been attended with a satisfactory amount of success. About twenty lady pupils have already availed themselvesoftheinstruction afforded,andcreditable tes- timony is borne, not only to their excellent conduct, Jut to the zeal and success with which they pursue their studies. Here Dr. Murphy, professor of midwifery at University College, lectures upon midwifery, ana Dr. Edmunds upon the general outlines of medical Dr. Edmunds upon the general outlines of medical science. By means of this institution a respectaoie profession will be opened up to educated females, while ladies of the Florence Nightingale class can acquire, under the tuition of the two eminent men referred to, that information which will confer tenfold value on their philanthropic labours. Although it is intended that the Ladies' Medical College should ultimately become self-supporting, yet in its infancy it requires a helping hand from the public, and, considering the amount of benefit that must ensue from the institu- tion we have sufficient faith in the philanthropy of the nation to believe that that h«lp wffl not be with-1 h6The second session of medical study will be inaugu- rated cotemporaneously with the other London medical schools, on the 2nd of October, at three, o'clock,, with a public address by Dr. Edmunds, at tksb Bancmi-square Rposcis-
New Order in Council. At the Council Chamber, Whitehall, the 22nd day of September, 1865. By the Lords of her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council. Present—Lord Pre- sident, Duke of Somerset, Earl of Clarendon, Earl De Grey and Ripon, Mr. Secretary Cardwell, Mr. H. A. Bruce. Whereas by an Act passed in the session of the 11th and 12th years of her present Majesty's reign, chapter 107, intituled An Act to prevent until the 1st day of September, 1850, and to the end of the then next session of Parliament, the spreading of contagious or infectious disorders amongst sheep, cattle, and other animals," and which has since been from time to time continued by divers'subsequent Acts, and lastly by an Act passed in the session of the 28th and 29th years of the reign of her present Majesty, chap. 119, it is (amongst other things) enacted that it shall be lawful for the Lords and others of her Majesty's Privy Council, or any two or more of them, from time to time, to make such orders and regulations as to them may seem necessary for the purpose of prohibit- ing or regulating the removal to or from such parts or places as they may designate in such order or orders, of sheep, cattle, horses, swine, or other animals, or of meat, skins, hides, horns, hoofs, or other part of any animals, or of hay, straw, fodder, or other articles likely to propagate infection; and also for the purpose of purifying any yard, stable, outhouse, or other place, or any wagons, carts, carriages, or other vehicles; and also for the purpose of direct- ing how any animals dying in a diseased state, or any animals, parts of animals, or other things seized under the provisions of the said Act, are to be dis- posed of; and also for the purpose of causing notices to be given of the appearance of any disorder among sheep, cattle, or other animals, and to make any. other orders or regulations for the purpose of giving effect to the provisions of the said Act, and again to revoke, alter, or vary any such orders or regu- lations and that all provisions for any of the purposes aforesaid in any such order or orders contained shall have the like force and effect as if the same had been inserted in the said Act; and that all persons offending against the said act shall for each and every offence forfeit and pay any sum not exceeding twenty pounds, or any such smaller sum as the said Lords or others of her Majesty's Privy Council may in any case by such order direct. And whereas a contagious or infectious disorder now prevails among the cattle of Great Britain, which is generally designated the "cattle plague," and may be recognised by the following symptoms:- "Great depression of the vital powers, frequent shivering, staggering gait, cold extremities, quick and short breathing, drooping head, reddened eyes, with a discharge from them, and also from the nostrils, of a mucous nature, raw-looking places on the inner side of the lips and roof of the mouth, diarrhoea or dysenteric purging." And whereas several orders, dated respectively the 24th of July, the 11th, 18th, and 26th of August, 1865, have been made under the authority of the said Acts by the Lords of her Majesty's Privy Council, with a view to chMk the spreading of the said disorder, And whereas it is expedient to consolidate and amend the said orders, Now, therefore, the Lords of her Majesty's Privy Council do hereby, by virtue of, and in exercise of the powers given by the said Act, so continued as afore- said, order as follows:— 1. This order shall extend to all parts of Great Britain. 2. The said orders dated respectively the 24th of July, the 11th, 18th, and 26th of August, 1865, are revoked, with the exception of so much of the said order of the 24th of July, 1865, as empowers the clerk of her Majesty's Privy Council to appoint inspectors within the limits of the metropolitan police district, provided that such revocation shall not affect any appointment made, or any act done, or penalty re- coverable, under any order hereby revoked. 3. In this order the word animal" shall mean any cow, heifer, bull, bullock, ox, calf, sheep, lamb, goat, or swine; and the word "inspector" shall include any inspector appointed under this order, or under any of the said revoked orders. 4. Whenever the local authority, as hereinafter de- fined, shall be satisfied of the existence of the said disorder in, or have reason to apprehend its approach to, the district over which his or their jurisdiction ex- tends, it shall be lawful for such local authority, if he or they shall think fit, from time to time to appoint one or more veterinary surgeon or surgeons, or other duly qualified person or persons, to be an inspector or inspectors, for the purpose of carrying into effect the rules and regulations made by this order, within the district for which he or they shall have been appointed. And the same authority may, from time to time, revoke such appointment. 5. Subject to the powers herein reserved to the Clerk of her Majesty's Privy Council, the local au- thority within the City of London, and the liberties thereof, shall be the Lord Mayor; in any municipal borough in England or Wales, the mayor; in any petty sessional division in England or Wales (exclu- sive so far as relates to the jurisdiction of the inspector of so much of the said division as lies within the limits of a municipal borough for which an inspector has been appointed), the justices acting in and for such petty sessional division. The local authority in any burgh or town in Scotland which is subject to the jurisdiction of a provost or other principal magistrate, shall be the provost or such principal magistrate; and, in any other place in Scotland not within the jurisdic- tion of such provost or other principal magistrate, the justices of the county in sessions assembled. 6. Every inspector shall from time to time report to the local authority by which he is appointed the steps taken by him for carrying into effect the regulations prescribed by this order, and the local authority shall certify, in such manner as may be directed by one of her Majesty's principal Secretaries of State, the number of days that such inspector has actually been engaged in the performance of his duty and the number of miles travelled by him while thus engaged. 7. Every inspector shall furnish the Lords of the Council with such information in regard to the disorder as their lordships may from time to time, require. 8. Every person having in his possession, or under his custody, any animal labouring under the said dis- order, shall forthwith give notice thereof to the in- spector of the district within which such person resides, or if no inspector shall have been appointed for the district within which such person resides, then to the officers hereinafter named, according to the place of residence of the person obliged to give notice; that is to say: within the metropolitan police district, to the said clerk of the Privy Council; within the City of London and the liberties thereof, to the Lord Mayor; within any other borough, burgh, or town subject to the jurisdiction of a mayor, provost, or other principal magistrate, to such mayor, provost, or other principal magistrate; elsewhere in England, to the clerk of the justices acting in and for the petty sessional division; and elsewhere in Scotland, to the clerk of the peace of the county. 9. Every inspector shall have power to enter upon and inspect any premises or place in which any animal or animals may be found within the district for which he is appointed, and to examine and inspect, whenever and wherever he may deem it necessary, any animal within such district. 10. Every inspector shall have power within his district to seize and slaughter, or cause to be seized and slaughtered, and to be buried, as hereinafter directed, in anv convenient place, any animal labouring under the said disorder. 11. Every inspector shall have power within his district to cause to be cleansed and disinfected, in any manner which he may think proper, any premises in which animals labouring under the said disorder have been or may be, and to cause to be disinfected, and if necessary destroyed, any fodder, manure, or refuse matter which he may deem likely to propagate the said disorder. And every owner or occupier of such premises shall obey any order given by such inspector 12 Every inspector shall have power within his dis- trict to direct that any animal, which he suspects to be labouring under the said disorder, shall be kept separate from animals free from the said disorder. And every person having in his possession, or under his custody, such animal, shall obey any order given by such inspector for that purpose. 13 Every person having in his possession, or under his custody, any animal labouring under the said dis- o-fla- shall, as far as practicable, keep such animal senarate from all other animals, and shall not, if the gTiimaal be within a district for which an inspector has been appointed, remove the same from his land or nremises without the licence of the inspector. 14 No, person shall, send (or bring to any fair or marked or expose tm sale, qe send or eflmry by an$ railway, or by any ship or vessel coastwise, or place upon or drive along, any highway or the sides thereof, any animal labouring under the said disorder. 15. No person in any district for which an inspector has been appointed shall, without the licence of the inspector, send or bring to or from market, or remove from his land or premises, any animal which has been in the same shed or stable, or has been in the same herd or Sock, or has been in contact, with any animal labouring under the said disorder. 16. No person shall place, or keep, any animal labouring under the said disorder in any common or unenclosed land, or if the animal be in a district for which an inspector has been appointed, in any field or pasture, where in the judgment of the inspector such animal may be likely to propagate the said disorder. 17. All animals having died of the said disorder, or having been slaughtered on account thereof, shall be buried with their skins, and with a sufficient quantity of quick-lime, or other disinfectant, as soon as prac- ticable, and shall be covered with at least five feet of earth, or shall, in districts for which an inspector has been appointed, with the consent of the owner be otherwise disposed of, in manner directed by the inspector. 18. During the continuance of the cattle plague within the said City of London, or that part of the metropolitan police district which is under the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan Board of Works, no animal shall be brought or sent to the Metropolitan Cattle Market, or any other market within the said City, or the said part of the metro- politan police district, except for the purpose of being there sold for immediate slaughtering; and every such animal, as soon as sold, shall be marked for slaughter in the manner in which cattle are ordi- narily marked for slaughter in the Metropolitan Cattle Market. 19. Whenever any local authority, as hereinbefore de. fined, declares by notice published in any newspaper circulating within his or their jurisdiction, that it is expedient that animals, as hereinbefore defined, or some specified description thereof, shall be excluded from any specified market or fair within that jurisdic- tion, for a time to be specified in such notice, it is hereby ordered, that after the publication of such notice, it shall not be lawful for any person to bring or send such animals or description thereof into such market or fair; provided always, that this clause of this order shall not, unless renewed by a further order, be in force after the expiration of three calendar months from the date of this order. 20. Every person offending against this order shall, in pursuance of the said Act, for every such offence forfeit any sum not exceeding twenty pounds which the justices before whom he or she shall be convicted of such offenoe may think fit to impose. (Signed) ARTHUR HELPS.
The Charge against Mr. Sprague.-The Recorder, in his charge to the grand jury at the Central Criminal Court, having expressed an opinion that there was no evidence to support the charge of rape which had been brought against Mr. Sprague, the grand jury, when the case came before them, ignored, the bill without a moment's hesitation. An application was at once made to the Recorder for the discharge of the prisoner, and he immediately ordered him to be set at liberty.