rro~wisr TALK. BY OUR SPECIAL COBEBSPONBENT. -+- Our readers will understand that we do not houl ourselves respond siblefor our able Correspondent's ovinio-im. IF the Fenians-if their magniloquent leader, Jerry Donovan—if that splendid young draper, James Joseph O'Connell O'Callaghan — if the tailors and nailers, and all the rest of the boys" have any idea of the commotion they have created, how much they are talked and written about, how their euphonious names have, as they would say themselves, resounded in the capital of England, I think that they must feel that they have at- tained an importance for which they could never have reasonably hoped in their most sanguine moments. You can have no idea how much atten- tion Fenianism engrosses here. Men break and buzz ini knots of talk" on Fenianism. You have Fenianism for breakfast, dinner, and sup- per. I go into a coffee-room, and the first word I hear is Fenianism. For a fortnight past, at all the discussion halls, orators as declama- ratory as Fenians themselves, have been hammer- ing and harping on Fenianism. Persons who never made a speech have, on this subject, sud- denly blossomed into orators. They have dis- covered, as the Bishop of Oxford says, that they possessed unsuspected powers." The general opinion is, naturally, that taken by every one of the papers—namely, that the Irish Govern- ment has acted perfectly right. Some, however, and not Fenians either, take other views. They think that the Irish people ought not to have been seized until its treasonable character was proved in a court of law. They laugh at Fenianism as insig- nificant. They laugh at the committal of Gilligan on the oath of a man like O'Brien for attempting to swear him in on an account book. And they laugh very loud at that phantom ship, of which, like the Banshee, every one has heard but which nobody has been able to see. Two answers are made to such people. The Irish Government are perfectly justified in all that they have done by the Peace Preservation Act, which was passed in '48, and which, notwithstanding the opposition of the Irish [members, is renewed every year. The second answer is-wait until the information in possession of the Government is made known. It is impossible that such decisive action would have been taken except on good grounds. Be sure that the fire brigade has not been called out to extinguish a child's bonfire. The American aspect of Fenianism is of course considered of the most importance. Only a very few and feeble people consider that there is any connection between the society and a rup- ture with America; whereas, those whose opinions are worth anything, gather from the way it has been treated by the Washington Cabinet good assurance that America has no sympathy with the movement, and no intention, with or without aid, of making war against England. No persons here talk so bitterly and contemptuously of Fenianism as educated Irishmen. And well they might. Fenians have added just the slightest little empha- sis to that contempt for the Irish name which has been created by men as ignorant, as mischievous, and as presumptuous as themselves. It has added one more to a list of abortive and trumpery insurrections, overt or contemplated. THERE is not a word of pity for Currie, nor is there any dissent from the verdict of the jury and the sentence of the judge in the case of that criminal. Many regret the light way in which Eickman has got off, who killed, because she was drunk and had not tea for him, the woman with whom he cohabited. Nine months' imprisonment for kicking a woman to death looks rather trifling punishment. The jury recommended him to mercy on the ground of the provocation he re- ceived, which means, if it means anything, that Rickman acted as the average run of men would have acted under similar circumstances. Let us hope, for the honour of human nature, that such is not the case. Every one condemns the verdict in the case of Madame Valentin. Two con- clusions, that will scarcely bear investigation, have been drawn from this case by newspaper writers and others. First, it is said that we ought to allow the prisoner to be examined. But if the prisoner is examined he must be cross-examined. Now, one of the grand principles of English law is that the interests of the prisoner are taken the utmost care of. But if a prisoner is cross-examined, the eouncil for the prosecution may go back to his whole life, which probably would not bear exami- nation. Thus, although the prisoner might be guiltless on the particular charge before the court, in many instances, his examination would raise such a presumption of his guilt in the jury's mind as to lead to his conviction. It would, besides, re- sult in the most awful perjury. It may be said, let there be no cross-examination. But what weight could be attached to testimony which was not allowed to be proved? The persons who reason from an odd case like Madame Valentin's, that we should change our law, would by-and- by, should the change be made, abuse the Lord Chancellor and law reformers in general, when a man, whose intention was perfectly well known, ran away with large sums of money. Why, it would be asked, was there not a law to prevent him getting off ? There is, indeed, a reform needed, and it is this-greater rapidity in legal .proceedings—salvation from that prominent ill in Hamlet's catalogue, "the law's delay." MR. BRIGHT'S letter, in which he expressed it as his opinion that it is useless to agitate for reform during the life of Lord Palmerston, has started two old but still vital questions. Is reform necessary ? What' is the political character of Lord Palmer- ston ? If I were to attempt to describe the state of feeling on the former question I should say that people seem to think that reform is necessary, but that there is time enough. They agree with the man who goes in for reform—they agree with the man who does not. Then, in regard to Lord Pal- merston, the most. Inconsistent views are enter- tained, and by the same person. He is a Conser- I vative and a Liberal, an exponent and opponent of the will of the people. If Lord Palmerston is the mere index of the people's will he certainly can be no obstacle to reform, for you reduce him to a sort j of political weather glass. The most curious j thing is that people who look on him as a kind of j Proteus—as a man ready to assume any form and [ take any side necessary to keep him in power-yet speak of him with the utmost reverence, and with a certain amount of affection, which of all kinds of fame is the most enviable. MR. MELLON having announced this week as his last, I sauntered an evening or so ago towards Covent-garden, paid a shilling, and was soon elbowing my way through the crowded promenade. The other parts of the house were occupied by persons of a rank regulated, more or less, by the prices; but in the promenade there was, as we say, everybody and his wife. There were young sprigs of nobility, lisping and drawling; and side by side with them their shadows, beardless and bearded clerks, whose simious ambition is to approximate in dress and manner to these young swells. There was the pleasure seeker and his wife, very hot and very fussy, and not at all unlike a pair of animated feather beds of musical predi- lections there was the swell thief, whose coat, and opera glass, and sham diamond ring—whose whole get-up, in fact, was borrowed that evening in Covent-garden; and about the floor and under your feet, wherever you went, were the ladies' dresses. You got quite tired of begging pardon, and began to think that you were the person who suffered, and whose wrath ought to be propitiated. You listen to Patti, who stands, like your favourite bird upon his perch, pouring from her little throat floods of delirious music;" or you pause, atten- tive, while the great orchestral selection from L'Africaine is being played. If you are"musical, you study with delight the sketch of the instru- mentation which Mr. Mellon has thoilghtfully supplied you with; and if, as is very probably the case, you know nothing whatever about the,matter, you simply see a man, with a wand, making the most frantic gesticulations, surrounded by fifty others, who blow and play on brazen and stringed instruments, and you listen, bewildered, to the clash, and screaming, and thunder, until the storm of music mounting to its highest, and threatening to take the roof off, stops suddenly. Z.
SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS. It THE latest accounts from America have been re- ceived with great satisfaction in England. It would appear that the mighty resources of this great country are likely to be again developed, and that the United States of America can, under a wise rule, overcome the difficulties of a vast conflict, and return to the commercial prosperity she formerly enjoyed. The Secessionists are shown to have been entirely exhausted in the late war, and a willingness is now expressed by the majority of them to return to the Union. A delegation of citizens representing the nine Southern States have had an interview with President Johnson, for the purpose of affirming their allegiance to the Union and expressing their confidence in the Pre- sident's policy towards the South. President Johnson appeared gratified with the expressions of the deputation, and told them that the Govern- ment would do all in their power to restore the civil rights to the South, and that he hoped shortly to see them enjoy their old position as representative States. His further remarks led to the conclu- sion that he will adopt a conciliatory policy, and will exercise the utmost clemency consistent with the re-establishment of order and the abolition of slavery. This policy is regarded by the Western World with respect, and enhances President John- son in the esteem of those nations. ATTENTION has been latterly turned to Austria. She has for a lengthened period been set down as one of the despotic nations in Europe, whose Go- vernmentwe little respected. The present Emperor has always been pointed to as a more liberal sovereign than others who have preceded him. We were scarcely prepared, however, to see him cast aside altogether the old shackles of despotism, but by a manifesto, recently issued, he declares himself willing to accept a represen- tative Government, to be elected by his subjects in every portion of his dominions. To under- stand this thoroughly, the reader must remember that there are several disaffected States under Austrian rule, who have hitherto had no voice in the construction of the laws. First, there is Hungary, the most populous of any single part of the Austrian Empire; then there are Croatia and Transylvania, populous countries which have been added to Austria by conquest. They have tried in vain for freedom, and this manifesto, though it does not make them free, admits them to all the privi- leges of free-born subjects. It has been contended that this is only a blind to conciliate thedisaffected States of the empire nevertheless, we must take it as a step in the right direction, and one that will lead to self-rule in that empire, which has hitherto been despotic. THE Holland Parliament was opened last week, and this little kingdom may be considered one of the most enviable in the world. The King officiated in person, and congratulated his Parliament on being at peace with all the world, on the prosperity of their colonial possessions, on the flourishing condition of the national finances, on the gradual reduction of the national debt, and on a harvest far above the average. This is a comfortable string of privileges that few nations can re- ioice in. THERE is little or nothing to say about politics. Lord Palmerston is rapidly recovering from his gout, and is gaining strength daily, whilst nothing is said about that mysterious other complaint" which a London paper announced was to prevent his lordship from" ever again leading the House of Commons." The Conservative leader has also been suffering from a similar attack to Lord Pal- merston's. The Earl of Derby, though a younger man than the Premier by many years, has attacks as severe as his political opponent; and it happens very inconvenient to each of them at the present moment, for both were engaged to pour forth their eloquence to admiring throngs during the vaca- tion, in which they have been disappointed hitherto, and their friends also. We have had speeches from Mr. Henley on the cattle disease, and various local matters, in Oxfordshire; from Mr. Disraeli, in Buckinghamshire, where he still adhered to the cross in sheep which he had ori- ginated, viz., the Cotswold and the Southdown, and congratulated himself upon seeing such fine specimens exhibited. Neither of the right hon. gen- tlemen,, however, enlightened us upon politics. 3Ie. (xDAU'SToisrE's Assurance and.Annuities Act, which so recently came into existence, is said to be working satisfactorily, and the number of insurers are reported to be daily increasing. Thirty-eight per cent. of these insurers, says the report, are clerks, curates, and persons of limited means, who are compelled to live more expensively than many working men in receipt of larger incomes. THE cattle plague, though spreading through- out the country, did not add so many victims to its attacks at the latter end of the month as it did in the former part. Lord Sydney has written a short history of the disease with which the beasts I belonging to his lordship were attacked. To show the eccentricity of the malady," says Lord Sydney, a herd of eleven, "far away from contagion," took the disease, and nine died of it, the two which recovered being the youngest. The milch cows and calves, located half a mile from the diseased herd, were never affected in any way, nor were the beasts of his lordship's neighbour, whose meadows and farm lay between the two herds. Thus his lordship infers that, "although the malady is contagious, it must arise also from atmospheric causes, over which no human being has control." THE report of Professor Symonds to the Privy Council discloses the new and alarming fact that sheep are subjected to the mysterious cattle disease as much as the ox tribe; and farther, that the infection can be communicated from the sheep to the cattle and from cattle to sheep. These dis- agreeable facts have been brought out by the circumstances which occurred on farms in the county of Norfolk, which Professor Symonds was sent down specially by the Government to inves- tigate. Very stringent rules and regulations, to be observed by all owners of cattle, have been issued, by the Privy Council, but it is contended that sufficient pains have not been taken to find a. remedy for the disease, and that Government ought to turn their attention to this. THE Victoria Cross-the only British decoration which cannot be won but by bravery in action, and which is open to men of all ranks, either in the army or the navy—was conferred on a young officer and two seamen of her Majesty's ship Euryalus, at Portsmouth, last week. The young officer, Midshipman Duncan Gordon Boyes, led on his men by bearing into the thickest of the fight, in a Japanese stofckade, the flag which had twice fallen from the hands of men who were shot dead at his side. One of the seamen, Thomas Pride, gallantly supported his young officer. The other seaman that obtained the Victoria Cross was William Seeley, who, in the same onslaught, pene- trated to the enemy's lines to ascertain their posi- tion, and on his officers being all shot down dead, led his comrades on to victory. The Cross was pre- sented to each of the men with much ceremony, and created;a great amount of interest. A FUNNY story comes from U ckfield, in Sussex. A local magistrate, who had long taken up the cause of the Society for the Protection of Animals, and had been for several years indefatigable in prosecuting persons who worked horses with sores, or those incapacitated for labour—this magistrate, Mr. Boucher, was, strange to say, himself sum- moned for driving a horse with two large sores upon his body. His brother magistrates, though they acquitted the gentleman of a knowledge of the horse's condition, fined him 10s. and costs. ANOTHER gunpowder explosion occurred at a powder-mill on Saturday. Two men, said to be careful and steady in their habits, and of consider- able experience in the works, went to their employ- ment in the press-house, where the powder in its green or undried state is stored. They had not been there many minutes when the explosion oc- curred, and men and machinery were blown into the air. As usual in such cases, no one is left to tell the cause of the terrible calamity. We think that after so many warnings Government might at lea-st. examine the various means of making gunpowder non-explosive when stored, and, if. any are found effective, compel all manufacturers to adopt it. WE need only note the fact that John Currie has been tried for, and found guilty of, the wilful murder of Major De Vere, and now awaits his execution. The results were universally anti- cipated, and if capital punishment is to be carried out at all, this is a case which will meet with general approval. Whatever may be the defects of our military system, murder is murder, and that this man deliberately murdered Major De Vere there cannot be a doubt. Therefore let him take the consequences.
The Cattle Plague. There is nothing fresh about the cattle disease, which does not seem as yet to abate. Miss Burdett Coutts has published a long document, in which she insists upon the plague being Russian, and gets a little heated on the subject in general. Of the hypotheses that it is due to," the state of the London cowsheds," or to the state in which imported cattle are allowed to come into our market," she says, "It is a disgrace to our Legislature, and wholly at variance with our professed civilisation, not to say religion, that it should even be possible to advert to these as the most probable sources of the present disease." This is a little hard upon our religion, which may well be content if it can enforce men's duties to each other, and cleanse away filth that is worse than the. filth of cattle-sheds. Where mere property is concerned, self-interest is gene- rally, though not always, a sufficient reforming motive. Yet at present so great is the panic that the most revo- lutionary measures are suggested. Extermination is still the favourite "remedy." Mr. Tattersall writes to the Times to state that in a similar outbreak in Austria, directly the disease appeared in any one animal, a circle was drawn round the district, every head of cattle killed, whether attacked or not, and no cattle allowed to go on the infected ground for a given period. lVlr. iattersati recommends this himself believing, he says, « nothing of the spontaneous-non- sense theory," and holding it will be the cheapest plan in the end, only of course "the nation must pay." Why not declare England such an infected district at once-it .would be much more logical, and simpler too -and slaughter the cattle all right out, and then im- port more cattle (probably diseased) from abroad? Would it not be rather like exchanging, as Homer says that which is worth a hundred oxen for that which is worth nine?" Surely Mr. Tattersall has nimselt proved that the spontaneous-nonsense tneory is not quite so absurd after all.—Spectator. TTaott. rutt, pEi«<8. Is. fa
HoM j-t' 'i pwpas&tion for cleansm;* aad presenrtan ttis
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. -+- AMERICA >T NEW YOEK, SEPT. 9. The New York Times says that in consequence of President Johnson having received numerous reports from the South of apprehensions of an uprising of freedmen, General Howard has recommended the citizens to institute a police patrol system under the control of the departmental commander in counties where there are no agents of the Freedmen's Bureau. It is reported that a very excited state of feeling exists at Chattanooga between the whites and blacks. The clerk of the Circuit Court at Knoxville, Ten- nessee, has been killed by a former rebel soldier, who was afterwards lynched by the citizens. President Johnson has written a letter to Governor Sharkey, approving the formation of militia companies throughout Mississippi. He considers the movement a proper one, and that the people must be trusted with their own government. The President has pardoned ex-Governor Brown of Georgia. The Minnesota Republican State Convention has passed resolutions demanding-that the Government should compel the withdrawal of Maximilian. It re- jected a resolution approving President Johnson'S military and civil course of policy. The grand jury have found eleven indictments for forgery in the third degree, and one for grand larceny, against Ketchum. The New York Chamber of Commerce have ap- pointed a. committee to invite Mr. John Bright to visit America. The Louisiana and Texas cotton crops are stated to be seriously injured by the army worm. It is reported viâ Cairo tha.t the cotton trade at Mobile is almost entirely suspended in consequence of an order forbidding the sending of cotton from the interior to Mobile. Middling had risen to 40 cents per pound. The Courier des Etas Unis states that a Cabinet Council has been held at Washington on the Mexican question. All the ministers except Mr. Hanlan favoured the stata quo. Mr. Seward stated it was not dignified to assist Juarez indirectly, nor advisable to support him in an open manner. President John- son declared that he would not decide concerning the renewal of relations with Mexico until Congress meets, and would reserve for his message the announcement of the policy which seemed to him best. NEW YORK, SEPT. 14. The Federal troops are preparing to evacuate Mississippi. Orders have been given for all coloured troops in North Carolina who were enlisted in North- ern States to be mustered out. A delegation of prominent citizens representing the nine Southern States have had an interview with President Johnson to affirm their allegiance to the constitution and the Union, and express confidence in the President's policy towards the South. Mr. John- son, in replying to the sentiments expressed by the delegation, said he was glad to see the Southern people, after submitting the question of secession to the arbitrament of the sword, and having lost the cause, now frankly admitted their defeat, and were willing to become good citizens. Orders have been issued to muster out all Northern coloured troops in Virginia, Florida, Louisiana, Ark" ansas, and Texas.
EXPULSION OF M. EOGEARD FROM KELGTTTM. M. Eogeard, author of the Propos de .Labienus," having been sentenced to be expelled from Belgium, published the following declarationI have de- fended liberty of conscience in France, I have de- fended it in Belgium, I shall defend it everywhere, and to the end, to the extent of my power. I received this morning a Royal decree, deliberated upon by the council of ministers, by which I am arbitrarily expelled from Belgium. I declare that I shall remain in Belgium, in my dwelling. I declare that I shall pro- test against this arbitrary conduct by all the means which shall be at my command, and that I shall await the employment of public force, and that I shall not leave save at my own time, and that I shall only to violence. I consider that I have a duty to fulfij towards the Belgian people, and I shall fulfil it- 1 have a debt of gratitude to discharge towards Bel- gian public opinion. I desire to declare this publicly* and if I cannot hope to pay it, I wish at least not to be considered ungrateful. I shall, therefore, do what I ought for the cause of Mberty in all countries, and what I owe to hospitality in Belgium. I shall resist arbitrary proceedings, and shall protest in all form, and shall not leave until I am arrested." In conse- quence of this declaration the order of expulsion waS put in force on the 17th. M. Eogeard was conducted by the police at 5 a.m. to the Northern Railway station, and sent on to Germany. A numerous and excited meet- ing was held the previous evening at the Nouvelle Cour de Bruxelles, to protest against the decree issued by the ministry. The three following resolutions were passed almost unanimously:—" The meeting protests against the decree of expulsion. 2. An address of sympathy shall be forwarded to M. Rogeard. 3. An imme- diate manifestation shall be made in front of his residence." The meeting consequently adjourned en masse to the Rue des Sals, where a manifestation of the most sympathising kind was made. M. Rogeard replied in terms of the warmest acknow- ledgment. The expulsion appears to have been caused by the publication of a, satire entitled Pauvre France," of which M. Eogeard is the author, and which the Belgian Ministry considered insulting both to the Government of the country, and to a neighbour- ing friendly nation.
WORKING MENS CLUB CONFERENCE AT BRIGHTON. A conference was recently held at the Town-hall, at Brighton, to consider the means of promoting the greater success and efficiency of the several working men's clubs in that town, and of discussing the various social questions connected with the management of such institutions. The chair was taken by Douglas Fox, Esq., and the meeting, which was extremely well attended, was addressed by Hodgson Pratt, Esq., a member of the Council of the Working Men's Club and Institute Union, and by the Rev. H. Solly, the secretary to that society. Several working men, clergymen, and others, took part in the proceedings, and a very valuable and practical discussion was the result. At the close it was resolved to elect a com- mittee representing the various institutions, in order that measures might be adopted for co-operation in such purposes as the engagements, for the common benefit, of professional lecturers, class teachers, musical entertainments, and the subscriptions to circulating libraries, &c. The hearty interest evinced in the questions discussed at the meeting showed how great a promise of success attends the operations of the Union."
Fatal Fall over the Cliff at Folkestone.- On Saturday morning, about five o'clock, some wer employed in constructing Earl Radnor's new sea wal4 between Sandgate and Folkestone, found the bodyo a man lying some distance down the cliff on his face- with his head caught between two sharp pieces Of rock. He was quite dead and stiff, and had evidently been lying there for six or seven hours. Information was given to the police, and as they were removing the body on a stretcher it was identified by a Folke- stone fishermen, named Philpet, as that of his son, aged twenty, for whom he was searching, as he had not been home all night, and was last seen going iirthffi direction of Sandgate. An inquest was held on the body at the Town-hall, before the borough coroner, the same afternoon, when a verdict of Accidental Death was returned.
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Never since the conquest of Ireland by Henry II. was the English rule in that country to all appearances more firmly established thau at present, and never were the Irish people more kindly disposed towards those whom they were accustomed to term their rulers but who are now, in truth, their fellow-citizens. Ire- land has now precisely the same laws as England, and the Irish people have no more substantial motive for overthrowing the established Government, and flinging themselves into the arms of the American Bepublie, than the people of England. The circumstance, therefore, that order reigns in Ireland, and that the mass of the people are well affected, will invest the proceedings of the police in Dublin on Friday evening with a complexion which cannot fail to occasion much comment. Was it necessary, it will be asked, to enter the office of the Irish People, arrest its staff, and sequestrate its plant, when it is apparent that the views which it advances can never be entertained by the Irish nation P The reply given to this question will be, that although the Government can afford to despise the Fenian Brotherhood, they would not be doing their duty in allowing seditious opinions to be propagated which have a tendency to disturb the public peace, and which would unquestionably jeopar- dise the prosperity of the country. It is even more in the interests of the Irish than of the English people that the Executive have acted with this promptitude; and the fact that no excitement was occasioned in Dublin by the sudden suppression of the offending journal, shows how justly the people of that city have appreciated the conduct of the Government.-Morning Post. y The simple truth is that, as we cannot sink Ireland out of the way, as some Epicureans would desire, nor part with her on any terms, however troublesome and vexatious it may be to keep her, as she must be ours for better and for worse, we must strive to make the best of the possession which nature, Providence, and the course of history have assigned us. We cannot therefore let the welfare and property of the United Kingdom be shaken by senseless conspiracies and agitations in one part of it, which paralyse confidence, take from pro- perty its security, from industry and commerce that confidence which is their life, and from all the public and private life of the whole community of comfort. We must, so far as in us lies, ensure to Ireland at least the first condition of a national and civilised 10 existence-a MernVle certainty of not being the .cock- pit of all the in .either &.emispliece who have .nothing t t '*r own bi s skulls. This is not the moment for estimating too nicely how much of the spurious sedition and imported dis- affection springs from the seeds of suffering and mis- rule sown by English Governments in days gone by. Enough to know that no real, no imaginary grievance can be cured by conspiracies, which, if they could succeed in creating even a serious panic, would drive British capital and enterprise, with all the hopes and blessings of a higher civilisation, from the shores of Ireland; turn its fields into British camps, its moun- tains into British citadels, its cities into British bar- racks, and its harbours into stations for British fleets. Is it not lamentable, in the year when the opening of a National Exhibition in Dublin has been greeted as the harbinger of a better future, when in Parlia- ment every Irish question has been discussed with the most anxious and attentive patience, that all these bursts of sunshine end all these auguries of good should be darkened and perverted by a gang of political swindlers and a multitude of simpletons, who are bent once more upon persuading even the sincerest friends and well-wishers to their country that Ireland deserves a military despotism ?-Daily News. A sudden shook was given to the people of England by the announcement of the seizure in Duhlin of a newspaper called the Irish People, the reputed organ of the Fenian" movement" in Ireland, and the arrest of a number of persons charged with conspiracy to levy war against her Majesty within her dominions. Numerous arrests have been made, but amongst them there is no person of position, if we may except a gentleman with an Irish name who claims to be a citizen of Boston," and a Captain M'Afferty, late of the Federal army, who is supposed to have come over on the business of the Fenian Brotherhood. A good deal of excitement has been caused by these arrests, but very little sympathy seems to be shown, and that only amongst the lowest classes. There is every reason to believe that the organisation is so widely spread as to be dangerous to the peace of the country. The Government, under pressure, at last took the alarm, and it is to be hoped that they will succeed in staying the further progress of the disaffection. The public, however, must await the publication of the evidence that the Irish constabulary will adduce before being able to form a definite opinion upon the nature and extent of the danger that encompasses us.-The Press. This miserable business may have danger enough for the foolish creatures who take part in it. Therefore we cannot but feel gratified that the Government has resolved on exploding the whole affair while it may yet be done with little harm. 1848 did not cost many lives, but it seriously disturbed the country, and banished some men who were, capable, under happier auspices and better counsel, of rendering her good service. The very process by which the Irish People has been disposed of is itself a relic of the special legislation hastily passed in 1848. We are so unused even to thinking of prosecutions for sedition in England that we have lost all recollection of how such things are managed; but we presume that, if any English writers were to publish ever such rampant and nonsensical treason in an English newspaper, some process of legal trial and judgment would have to be gone through before the police could enter the office and confiscate the type, books, and presses. But in Ireland they have a statute called the "Treason Felony Act," which was rattled through both Houses of Parliament in what our Irish friends would call a "jiffey," in 1848, for the express purpose of transporting an Irish gentleman who is now in Fort- ress Monroe, and of destroying the type and presses which might enable a successor to carry on his busi- ness..No w wo not fond of legislation of this kind, and could wish the Irish Government naa mauogoa pull through the present very small crisis without taking down that rusty weapon from the wall. We cannot help thinking, like the man in Dickens's novel, how it will look in the papers; and we do not feel any comfort in anticipating the comments which foreign journalists will assuredly make on such a sum- mary process of confiscation by police. The Irish Government is now so strong in the support of the overwhelming majority of the Irish people, that it might well have afforded to calmly and firmly with so trumpery a movement, and to treat Fenianism to English law pure and simple, without the aid of special measures borrowed in time of panic from foreign systems.-Morning Star. Alleged Adjournment of the Evacuation of Rome. The partisans and opponents of Italian unity have been too much excited, it appears to us, about certain rumours which have been circulated by the Belgian papers as to the possible non-execution of the treaty of the 15th of September by the French Government. It is very true that there is many a slip between the cup and the lip, and that so long as Rome is not evacuated by our troops no one can swear, spite of the formal terms of the convention of the 15th of Septem- ber, that some imperative event may not happen and unexpectedly adjourn that evacuation. But it is equally true that this event has not occurred as yet, and the reason given these last few days for predicting that our troops will not leave Rome is not admissible. What is, in fact, the rumour which has been spread ? It has been insinuated that the French Government, frightened at the possible consequences of the evacuation, has notified, or will notify soon to the Cabinet of Florence, its intention of prolonging the statu quo until the time when, according to the conditions stipulated by Article IV. of the convention of the 15th of September, Italy has signed with the Pope an arrangement by which she takes under her charge a part of the Papal debt. Now, as sa ch an arrangement does not depend on Italy alone and as it supposes necessarily the goodwill of the Pope, it follows that the occupation of Rome must be pro- longed as long as it did not displease the Pope to agree to a financial compromise with Italy. If such were, in fact, the terms of the convention of the 15th of September, one must admire the simplicity of the Italian diplomatists who signed it, as in the Italo- Roman struggle he abandoned to the discretion of an opponent of Italian unity the execution of the measures determined on for the benefit of Italy. Article IV. of the convention of the 15th of September, all sensible people will easily suppose, says nothing of the kind. It states that Italy declares herself ready to enter into negotiations" on the subject of the debt of the former States of the Church, and it does nothing farther than making this declaration. Whether nego- tiations of this kind are going on or not when the time fixed for the evacuation of Rome comes, is of no importance. The simple fact that Italy is ready to enter into negotiations is sufficient to bind the Cabinet of the Taileries. There is no equivocation possible on this point, and there is reason to be surprised at the ease with which the friends and enemies of the Pope have been led to believe that there could be any delay .1 in the fulfilment of an agreement as clear as Article IV.—Le Joilrnal des Ddbats.