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summarTof passing events.…


summarTof passing events. -+-- THE American news brought by the late mails relates chiefly to the work of re-organisation, whilst the determination of the United States Govern- ment to meet their national debt honourably has raised them in the estimation of other nations. One statement, if true, will be read with universal regret, viz., that the Southerners failing in what they paraded as their holy cause, are now reveng- ing themselves upon the innocent negroes, and are massacring the black population wherever the Federal protecting troops have been with- drawn. The new state of things is, however, hard to be understood by the negroes themselves, who at first believed freedom to be coupled with a cessa- tion of labour, and that the wants of nature would be provided for them without exertion on their part. In Virginia, more especially, the black population have a belief that their freedom entitles them to possession 01 lands, &c., and that the original pro- prietorship of such property had ceased. The United States Government have, therefore, thought it needful to issue a proclamation to the effect that if the negro does not work neither can he expect to eat, that his labour is equally in the market a-3 the white man's, but that he has an opportunity of working upon his own terms, giving an honest day's labour for fair wages. It will take time before the poor negro understands his absolute position, but when education becomes general amongst the black population they will appreciate the altered aspects of affairs. GREAT dissatisfaction exists in Europe as to the final settlement of the Schleswig-Holstein question. Prussia, it appears, is to do as she pleases; not satisfied with appropriating the Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein, she has taken possession of Lauenburg, and assumed the title of that Duchy. Now, if the present King of Denmark had a title to the throne he occupies, he had a far greater one to that of Lauenburg, to which he was the direct heir; but the despotic Powers of Prussia and Austria appear to do what they please, and the un- fortunate Schleswig-Holsteiners, who complained of the tyranny of Denmark, feel now that they have exchanged King Stork for King Log. Per- haps the Danish rule might not have been of a conciliatory character in the Duchies, but, as com- pared with the despotism of Prussia, it was light and easy to be borne. These Duchies have no longer a representation, an army, or a voice even in their own Government, and substantially they are reduced to the condition of serfs to the Prussian Government. THE members for Oxfordshire have been ad- dressing local audiences, and Messrs. Henley and Newdegate have each spoken upon the cattle pestilence, and avoided politics altogether. Mr. Henley advises that the measures propounded by the Government should be acted upon, and hopes that the splendid root crop will do something towards mitigating the losses sustained through the prevalence of the cattle disease; and Mr. Newdegate considered great praise was due to the Government for the prompt and vigorous measures they had carried out on this momentous occasion, and he thought farmers who did not insure were acting much a.gainst /their owsn interests. 4 THE cholera in Marseilles appears to be spreading. On the 12th inst. there were fifty- seven fatal cases there. The authorities have been very active, however, and measures have been taken to enable a certain number of medical men to remain up during the whole night to attend any patients that should be so afflicted, medicine being given to the poorer classes gratis. A FORH of prayer, having reference to the cattle plague and cholera, has been issued by the Bishop of Oxford, for use in schools and families in England. The prayer contains petitions for de- liverance 14 from plague and pestilence on man and beast; from straitness in our borders, and hunger in our homes; from the wasted ear and from the empty bag; from murrain in our cattle and from sickness in our folds; from excess in abundance; from grudging in our gifts; from unthankfulness for mercies; and from harshness under judgments." AN extraordinary meeting of the Atlantic Tele- graph Company was held last week, and a proposal for raising new capital was submitted. Subscribers to the new loan are to have a preference dividend of twelve per cent., and a further share in the profits after the existing share capital gets eight per cent. and the first original capital four per cent. A WobsinCt Man's Industrial Exhibition was opened at Reading a few days ago, under the immediate patronage of the Queen, who lent several subjects of interest to enhance its attrac- tions. It was fondly hoped that the Sovereign or some of the royal family would be present; but they were all away to their highland homes. In | the absence of royalty the Bishop of Oxford officia- | ted at the inauguration, and the following sentence may be said to contain the germinal sentiment of I the whole address:—" I believe that by spreading I these works throughout the country we call forth the faculties of men by familiarising them with the highest works of genius; and I think we can see in it another good-it reveals man to man. A master who has under him in his manufactory one of those individuals in whom sleeps the seeds of genius, discovers through the medium of such an exhibition as this the hidden powers of humanity in his workman, and feels that a work has been done which he himself could never have com- passed immediately he looks upon this brother as indeed a brother, in a manner which he had never before appreciated, he sees in him, instead of a mere performer of some drudgery or some work for which he has to be paid, one in whom God has sown the seed of true humanity, and he begins to I honour that humanity so that the servant receives his due from his master, and the master himself is raised in the scale of creation by his acknow- ledgment of the gifts of Heaven in the man whom he employs." THE romance of the clergyman's daughter eloping with her father's late groom was taken out of the hands of the law by a legal marriage. I The lady's father, the Eev. Mr. Crosse, acting on secy-l thoughts, gave his consent to the union, and the you-ng couple were accordingly united at A1 Cilsrch, Wandsworth. An immense cone o opie assembled around the church, bridal party most lustily; whilst S r pared for the occasion, had a rapid sal' ext 'c ^ity iv v on reaching his temporary home wan ah.-1 upon. to address the crowd, which he did m a Runrb speech, expressive of his thankful- ness for tueir sympathy. Thus the romance is ended, and it remains to be seen whether an ill- assorted match can be made a happy one. BUT the subject which has caused the most attention within the last few days has been Fenianism. Numerous arrests have been made in Dublin, Cork, and elsewhere, of person s who have openly advocated the principles of rebellion against the British Government. The first seizure was made in Dublin, at the office 01 a paper called the Irish People, the alleged organ of the Fenians, on Friday night, by a body of police who had to break open the door. Here ten persons were ar- rested, including an "American citizen," who said he would bring the fact of his being illegally arrested under the attention of Mr. Seward. The formal charge against all the prisoners is that of having "feloniously and treason- ably conspired with divers other evil disposed persons belonging to a secret society called the Fenian Brotherhood, having for their object the levying of war in Ireland against the Queen, and separating it from the United Kingdom." The prisoners went quietly with the officers, and there was not the slightest attempt to rescue them. In Dublin twenty two persons were taken into custody, but not the slightest disturbance has followed. The majority of persons in Ireland, as well as in England, are peaceably disposed and oontented with the Government of the country; it is only the few black sheep who attempt to in- jure a whole flock, and the sooner they are sepa- rated the better.




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