A G RIG U L T U R E. --+-- The National Poultry Hatching- Establishment. ML.ühb.E¥! been said and written on the subject of artificial incubation, but as yet, except among the Egyptians, who have practised hatching in ovens for centuries, very little good has been done in t^w direction. To. the National Poultry Company belongs the honour of starting the first extensive establishment for breeding and rearing poultry in this country, if not in Europe. They have secured about five acres of land adjoining the railway station at Bromley, on which they have erected a shed :350 feet: in length and 20 feet in breath, which is calcu- lated to accommodate about 3,500 breeding fowls, besides about 1,500 in the fattening house. The arrangements of the house are simple and effective, and were fiiliy explained by their manager, G. K. weysling, Esq., to a number of gentlemen who paid a recent visit to Bromley. You enter at one end and walk along a tiled pathway, in the centre of which, at muervals, are ventilators for the admission of fresh air., On each Bide of the tiled path is a space of fresh earth, about eighteen inches wide, in which vines are planted, one being trained against eve *y upright divi- sion between the roosting rooms, which are each about four feet in length, two of them being thrown together to contain a cock and from five to eight hens. Out- Kt wC'a ^^ese *3 placed a covered box, or rather, nfce Mrs. Cramp's bandboxes, an extinguisher, for it has to b6ttom, in which are placed two earthen pans containing a little hay for the hens to lay in. These boxes are, of course, open to the roosting rooms. On the other aide of the roosting rooms are rooms of similar size, open to the •sir though covered above, the openings into J*om in0ide can be closied at pleasure. fowls can erijoy a short run on stable manure when they please. The floor of the inner room ia covered with dry earth, with which the droppings of v f s ar'9 mixed by their own scratching, and the Whole is turned up every two days with a spade. It was quite plain to all who visited the establishment that this dry earth is a perfect deodoriser, for the keenest nostril was unable to detect any unpleasant smell in the building. Over these roosting-rooms, which are about six feet in height, are rearing-rooms, in some of which a number of newly-hatched chickens were running about, retiring at intervals to the shelter of an artificial mother. This last-named article is like .a small desk, the deeper side of which is open, while the slopingboardiscoveredunderneathwithapieceof sheep rakin.the'woolof which furnishes a warm covering for the ..chick,. which can push itself under the board till it hnas the wool snugly pressing upon its back. In one or the rearing rooms were temporarily lodged a family •*> £ rabbits of a fine breed, said to be a cros3 between a hare and a rabbit. Whatever may have been their -origin, they appear to be a fine race of animals for the ■ tabJe. It should have been mentioned that the centre -of the roof, which is covered with glass, is about four- teen feet from the floor. At the further end of the • building the workmen were basy in arranging the fattening boxes, which are placed one over the other, the floors being covered with dry earth. Here it is intended to fatten and cram the poultry for the market. Behind the room containing these boxes, or shelves, are roomsforthehatching, which is to be principally accom- plished by turkeys, these birds having so great a liking for this occupation as to sit continuously for Six months in the year. Further on than these rooms were a number of hutches for rabbits. The whole centre of the lower part of the house is over an arch, in which a furnace is to be erected before the winter, to heat the air which passes through it, and on through » flue running under the centre of the building, to supply it with fresh air. The arrangements for venti- lation above are perfectly simple and may be readily imagined. At a distance of sixty feet from the present house a second is to be erected parallel to it, and precisely similar in its arrangements. The ground is also marked out for three other houses; so that when the establishment is complete it will consist of five houses, accommodating about 20,000 fowls. A farm yard and piggery, as well as suitable houses and ponds for geese and ducks, are also in preparation, and as the space be- tween the houses is being cultivated as a market garden, a determination is evinced to make the most of everything. In these garden spaces the young chickens will have a run. A couple of broods were running among the cabbages on Wednesday, the hens in charge being confined in coops. Artificial hatch- ing is to be tried, but at present hens and turkeys will be employed as incubators. This establishment is a great experiment, as many experienced per- sona have expressed their opinion that large numbers pf poultry cannot be preserved in health within a small space but the result of the visit of Wednesday was to convince every one present that so far the experiment was most successful. Notwith- standing that the present is the season for moulting, not a bird appeared to be in bad condition, and the daily returns hung up at every roosting room showed that they were still laying, though probably not so many eggs as may be expected at another period. The company hope to have other establishments in the neighbourhood of London, and though there is little probability of their being able materially to lessen the price of fowl and eggs, they may succeed in making p the supply nearly equal to the demand. THE Autumn All England Ploughing Matches took place last week, during which there were three competi- tions. At the Berkley and Thornbury Society's match the only competitors were Ransome's ploughman Barker and Howards' veteran ploughman Brown, where Brown was defeated. At the great Sparkenhoe match Barker met Bjown again, also Howard's second crack ploughman Purser, and three other competitors holding ploughs of well-known makers, and was again the.victor; while at the Kingscote match, which took place on the same day as the Sparkenhoe, the cham- pion prize was awarded to Colonel Kingscote's man, Baylis, holding a Ransoms plough. Thus the three first matches of the season have been won by men holding Ransome's ploughs.
Our Garden Insect Foes. We have received, says the Field, so many queries lately on devastationa by insects of garden produce, that we have determined to reply to them in bulk in our weekly article. "Yon Keeld" writes: "I shall be glad if you can inform me of any means of pre- serving nectarines, &o., from the attacks of ants." Onr reply is, dig up their nests and haunts, and mix the earth with gas-lime; again, pour over the nests at night a strong decoction of elder-leaveq. To trap them, smear the inside of a garden pot with honey, invert it over the nest, and, when crowded with the insects, pour in boiling water; or, another plan, turn a flower-pot, with its hole stopped, over the nest; they will build up into it, and the whole colony may be taken away in a shovel. They may be kept from ascending standard, espalier, or wall trees, by tying a piece of wool round the stem or supporters. A very old plan to keep ants from ascending wall trees is to spread along the foot of the wall a line of perfectly dry sand. Thus much for ants. Another of our enemies is thrips; and Selby writes:—" I shall feel obliged if you can tell me how to destroy or eradicate thrips. My vines this year are overrun with them." To which we reply that this is, beyond question, one of the worst pests that can get ingress into a garden, and we do not know anything which will effectually eradicate it except constant fumigation; and this must be kept up until there is not a symptom of a thrip in the place; but the old law of prevention being better than cure is still the best. Due ventilation, and a. healthy moisture in both air and soil, are the beat agents to keep away thrip. Our next query is a most singular one. It runs thus: A vinery belonging to a friend of mine was last year infested by wasps, and the gardener destroyed them by burning sulphur in the place, and the vines were unhurt by the process. This year the wasps were again troublesome, and sulphur was again tried, and destroyed them, but it has also caused all the leaves to fall off the vines, so that my friend ia afraid the grapes will not ripen, and that the plants may be per- manently injured. The dose of sulphur might have been stronger, though it was intended to be the same, and last summer it was done in the evening, whereas this summer it was burnt in the morning. Could this make any difference ? Can you or any of your cor- respondeDtft snare est. a remedy for the state the vines are now in P—DERWENT." Tne experiment m ica first trial was about the most risky thing we ever heard of, because the burning fames of sulphur are fatal to all vegetation, at least to all respiring vegetation. Ripe wood, or leaves whose functions have not'commenced, it will not hurt, but anything that hath life it will kill inevitably. It would have been better to keep the wasps from the fruit by netting over all openings into the house with Hay- thorn's hexagonal netting, or to have enveloped each bunch in a bag made of the same material, than have resorted to such harsh and doubtful measures. To make the best of the circumstance, keep the house cool and quiet, let the grapes hang until they begin to show signs of shrivelling, then cut them, and if not eatable make wine of them; let the vinery have all the air possible, so as to put the vines to rest as soon as convenient, and next year's crop must not be a heavy one, even though they show a fair lot of branches. They must be well thinned, because the check to the vines by the loss of their leaves this season is a heavy one. We hope we have thrown a little light on our correspondents' troubles.
Potato Disease. Though so greatly favoured with solar heat this season, the earth seems to be pregnant with ills that most directly effect our food resources. All corn crops are thin in quantity; much of the ripe grain has been spoiled by wet, and much yet remains upon the ground that would have been better under cover three weeks ago. The rinderpeste has caused a general alarm, and the losses it has inflicted upon graziers and dairymen will soon make some distinct impressions on the list of bankruptcies. Now our old enemy of the gardens, potato murrain, has again appeared, and is committing terrible havoc. During the past ten days we have seen outstanding crops in districts far apart, and on soils of the most various description, and in every case the disease is visible in the blackened haulm, and a blind man might know of its occurrence by the horrible stench which is emitted from the corrupt vegetation. Having written much upon this subject, and endeavoured to keep the disease in check by indicating the only reliable preventives, it will be unnecessary now to enter into considerations as to the causes of the malady, but one word of advice may be offered to every one of our readers who has not yet taken up the potato crop. The counsel we offer is- take them up at once; whether full ripe or still growing vigorously— whether healthy or diseased, large or small, get them out of the ground, sorted over, and stored as quickly y as possible. They will ripen in store, especially if stored where they have a chance of drying. If left in the ground, they will scarcely increase in balk now, and for what little gain there might be in their in- crease, the risk of entire loss by disease is too great to be incurred for it. While our readers have the circumstances attending this outbreak of potato disease fresh in their memories, it may be as well to point to the fact that after much heat and partial drought, we have had heavy rains, an atmosphere highly charged with eletricity, and in a condition of almost total saturation with moisture. The tubers have had to grow during a dry heat, and to ripen during a moist heat. We may call attention to these matters hereafter; we name them now in order to fix upon the minds of all who are interested in the matter what is the exact case <that demands consideration. We began on the 1st of August to harvest our own crop, and the work still proceeds. Our collection amounts to over seventy sorts the yield is good, the tubers of fair size, and up to the present moment the only examples of deceased tubers have occurred in a breadth ofe arly Shaw. About a twentieth part of the yield of this was bad; the rest quite sound. These were taken up on the 15th of August. On land close adjoining, and on which potatoes are grown in a somewhat different manner to ours, a large proportion of the crop is worthless.- Gardenm" s Magazine.
SPORTS AND PASTIMES. THE veteran gamekeeper of J. Tollemache, Esq., M.P., Mr. Charles Hewitt, on his Peckferton estate, who is in the 95th year of his age, shot, at two consecutive shots, two wild rabbits on the run, and killed both of them. That was some weeks ago. He has since per- formed the same feat. CRICKET IN FRANCE. —Cham, in Charavari, sketches one enthusiastic cricketer, who exclaims, "At first your teeth and eyes are no doubt very much in the way in cricket; but when once the ball has knocked them out, you can give your undivided attention to the game." Another is interrupted as he takes his place before the wicket by a spectator who cries, Stay one instant! Are you married ? Have you any children ? Is there nothing to bind you to life ? No ? Very well, then; play away!" Doncaster Prophecies. The CHAMPAGNE STAKES-Bell's Life: Mr. Merry's best; Strathconan or Lord Lyon. Era: Lord Lyon or Bee'zebub. Field Lord Lyon, Monarch of the Glen, or Robin Hood. Sporting Life: Lord Lyon or Mr. Merry's best. Sportsman: Lord Lyon. Sporting Gazette: Lord Lyon or Robin Hood. The GLASGOW STAKES -Bell's Life: Chibisa or Knight of St. Michael. Era: Chibisa, Lord of the Vale, or Knight of St. Michael. Field: Chibisa. Sporting Life: Lord of the Vale or Chibisa. Sports- man Chibisa. Sporting Gazette: Chibisa or Lord of the Vale. The FILLY STAKES —Bell's STAKES Life: Gretna, Miss Harriette, or Valeria. Era: Miss Harriette or Gretna. Field: Valeria. Sporting Life: Gretna. Sportsman: Gretna. Sporting Gazette: Gretna. The GREAT YORKSHIRE HANDICA.P-Bell's Life: Ackworth or Holstein. Era: Ackworth or Buckfoot. Field: Buckfoot or Verdant. Sporting Life: Claremont or Ackworth. Sporting Gazette: Ackworth, Brindisi, or Swordsman. Sportsmcm: Ackworth. The REVIVAL PLATE —Bell's PLATE Life: Queen of Trumps or Attraction. Era: Queen of Trumps or Balsam. Sporting Life Queen of Trumps. Sporting Gazette: Qaeeii of Trumps or Liddington. Sports- man Queen of Trumps or Liddington. The DONCASTER PLATE-Belt's Life Vixen, Stockinger, or Lacky Star. Era: Stookinger or Gratitude. Field: Lord Stamford's selected or Jack o'Lantern. Sporting Life: Jack o'Lantern or Grati- tude. Sportsman: Red Earl. Sporting Gazette: Thalassius, The Eland, Molly Carew, or Red Earl. The MUNICIPAL STAKES —Bell s Life: San Si. Sporting Life San Si. Sportsman San Si. Sport- wig Gazette: San Si. The ST. LEGER STAKES—Bell's Life: Gladiateur 1, Regalia 2. Era: Gladiateur 1, Regalia 2, Klarinska 3. Field: Gladiateur to win, Regalia and Peeress for places. Sporting Life: Gladiatenr 1, Regalia 2, Klarinska 3. Sportsman: Gladiateur 1, Klarinska 2. Sporting Gazette Gladiateur to win, Christmas Carol and Klarinska for places. The CORPORATION PLA.TE-Bell's Life: Exche- quer, Lion, or Muezzin. Field: Thalassius. Sporting Life: Princess of Wales or Celerrima. Sportsman Mnezzin, Mally Carew, Filbert, or Celerrima. Sport- ing Gazette: Mupzzin. Filbert, or Celerrima. HANDICAP SWEEPSTAKES of 10 sovs each— Bells Life: Callipolis er Mr. Jackson's representative. Field: Retrouaee or Kingfisher. Sporting Life: Strathfieldsaye or Graysfcocking. Sportsman: Re- trousse, Crown Prince, Steamboat, Tormentor, or Acttea. Sporting Gazette: Queen Mary or Actsea. A SWEEPSTAKES of 10 sovs each. for two yr elds -Bell's Life: Esca or Strathconan. Era: Best of the Duke of Beaufort's three. Field: The Duke of Beau- fort's. Sporting Gazette: The Duke of Beaufort's best, or Knight of the Crescent. The SCARBOROUGH STAKES.-Bell's Life: Heir at Law. Era: Brown Dayrcll. • Field: Brown Day- rell. Sporting Gazette Brahma. The ZETLAND STAKES-Bell's Life: Heir at Law (in the absence of Archimedas). Era: Archi- medes. Field: Archimedes. Sporting Gazette: IA Fortune. The EGLINTON STAKES-Bell's Life: Christmas Carol. Era: Chibisa or Lord of the Vale. The PORTLAND PLITE-Bellis Life: Lion, Filbert, Tennyson, or Antimacassar. Era: Blondina or Lion. Sporting Gazette:. Split the Difference, Chibisa., or Lord of the Vale. The CLEVELAND HANDICAP Bell's Life: Master Richard, Exchequer, or Stockinger. Era: Master Richard. Field: Master Richard. A SWEEPSTAKES of 200 sovs. each—Bell's Life: Archimedes. Era: Will be compromised. Fteld: Rifie. Sportiwi Gazette Rifle or ualoyor. The PARK HILL STAKES-Bell's Life: Klarin- ska. Et-<-t,; Klarinska. Field: Klarinska, Sporting Gazette: Klarinaka. The DONCASTER STAKES —Bell's STAKES Life: Gladia- teur or Todleben. Era: Gladiateur. Field Gladia- teur. Sporting Gazette: Gladiateur. The DON STAKES-BeIL'sLife: Lid-iinLfon. Era: Liddinsrtot). Field: Liddington. Sporting Gazette i Liddington.
MALARIA AND CHOLERA. The apprehended approach of an epidemic, says the Jbserver, mi<rht well be hailed as an omen of good for j he poor. No sooner are we assured that cholera is J tealing along the coasts of the Mediterranean than a ;eneral alarm arises about the public health a phi- anthropic panic immediately sets in, and the con- sideration of what precautions can best avert or nitigate the attacks of the coming foe becomes an )bject of personal interest with every individual in ;he immunity. If an epidemic visits us, it will first tlight on spots predisposed for its recaption. The ill. irained, ill-ventilated localities within and around large cities issue, as it were, general invitations to apidemics. But though when epidemics come they first take up their abode with the poor, they do not remain exclusively amongst them. After a while they visit the rich. Theymow down the noble father, whose name is of historic magnitude; they cut off in his first manhood the heir who gives promise of sustaining the honour of his ancestral line; they nip the young bud just expanding into womanhood; nor do they spare the mild-browed matron, who watches in brood- ing love over her children. And so the pest that first enters the dwelling of the poor man after a time strides boldly into the mansions of the rich and titled, and clutches with a deadly grasp a noble prey. It is no wonder, then, that the prospective coming of a plague stirs up benevolent action; that the rich and the edu- cated declare that the dwellings of the poor must be clea,used and purified, and put upon a sanitary footing. When epidemics visit the poor, they do not forget to visit the rich. If that monster epidemic, cholera, comes again into the land, though his first appear- ance may be in the homes of the poor, what security is there for the great and the noble and the titled that before his final departure he will not stand upon their hearths, and poison with his pesti- ferous breath the fairest and best best-beloved of their households ? How can the great ones of society be secured from a visit of this monster? Simply by rendering the dwellings of the poor impregnable to his entrance. Here is the fact. If the poor are smitten down by the cholera or any great epidemic, the rich cannot abide in security. Viewing the matter in this light, we feel that the approach, nay, even the pre- sence, of an epidemic is a boon to the psor. Let us not be deemed invidious; let it not be said that we under- rate the science that points out, or the benevolence that seeks to remedy, the evils that render the dwellings of the poor genial abodes of cholera. We appreciate the awakened keenness of both, but we must be excused for suspecting that, underlying all these philanthropic exertions, there is an unscanned, perhaps unsuspected, motive of .selfish fear. If it were otherwise', would not something ere now have been done to extirpate the abiding evils that deso- late some of the outlying districts of London. Take, for example, Bethnal-green. The reports of the sanitary condition of that locality that come before the public are snch as, in a cholera-fearing people, might awaken grave apprehensions. An inquest was held Rome fifteen days since on the body of a young child that lived with its parents in Bethnal-green. The mother attributed the death of the child to the malaria that rose from a "blood-yard," situate at the back of her house. This blood-yard was the receptacle of blood brought from slaughter-houses, and was used in the refining of sugar. The health officer of the district made a report, in which he said that "the blood, being allowed to remain at the slaughter-houses for some time, became congealed, and ia some instances in a partial state of decompo- sition. In such a state it is unfit for the sugar refiners, and to render it fit for their use the coagula is broken up by a machine, during which process offensive stenches are emitted." We can fancy the salubrity of such a neighbourhood. The mother of the child on whom the inquest was held said that, during the last seven years she had lost four children, whose last illness exhibited the same symptoms as that of the infant just dead. One of the woman's neighbours said in evidence that, during the last six years, the odours arising from the blood-yard had often been sickening." His children were in a sickly condition. Another denizen of the pestiferous spot had written to Sir George Grey. The only amelioration effected by this appeal to the Home Secretary was that the blood chopping was performed early in the morning instead of late in the day. Here is a picture of the sanitary state of a locality in the neighbourhood of the great English metropolis. Daring seven years all these families have been inhal- ing these noxious vapours. And why ? Beca.nao tlie disease engendered were local in their destructiveness. But let the giant cholera come and take up his abode at Bethnal-green. Let him take off a few dozen of the inhabitants in the space of a week-hllmanly speaking it would be preferable to the lingering death they now seem doomed to—and then we should see authorities bestir, themselves. Then blood-yards and other death-breathing nuisances would be quickly re- moved, because impartial cholera does not limit his presence to the spot where he first gains footing. He is free to walk through the length and breadth of the land. High functionaries that would not move a finger to disperse effluvia, whose poisonous conse- quences end in the locality where they commence, would quickly recognise the necessity of applying a purifying principle to stay the steps of an epidemic that smites high and low. A few annual visits from cholera would effect the complete salubrity of those districts where our poor are compelled to live. But why wait for such compulsory purification ? Why not do now what we should be compelled to do then ?
DEATH OF A PLURALIST. The Rev. Robert Moore, M. A., rector of Hunton, near Staplehurst, whose death took place last week, is said to have been a. liberal contributor to the charities of England, and, though a clergyman, and for many years a dignitary of the Established Church, was always ready to lend a helping hand to members of the theatrical profession. During the last few years he contributed liberally to the establishment of the Royal Dramatic College, at Maybury. Mr. Moore was a Eon of Dr. Moare, who was from 1783 to 1805 Archbishop of Canterbury, by whom in 1802, three years after taking his degree at Oxford he was pre- sented to the rectory of Hunton, which he held up to the time of his death. It is one of the best livings in the diocese, being worth XI,050 a year, and it now falls to the gift of Archbishop Longley. In 1804, very shortly after his ordination, Mr. Moore, was pre- sented by his father to a canonary residentiary in Canterbury Cathedral, which he held until 1862, when he resigned it. The salaries paid to canons of cathedrals are now fixed by act of Parliament, but it was not so during Mr. Moore's tenure of the office, and it is supposed that in some years his canonry was worth between £2,000 and £ 3,000 a year. The rev. gentleman was in his eighty-ninth year at the time of his death. The Morning Star says :-The rectory of Hollingboum, with its salary of .£787, was enjoyed by Mr. Moore for sixty-three years. 'Exclud. ing all calculations of compound interest, and merely multiplying the annual income by the number of years for which it was held, we find that this reverend gen- tleman drew from the country-E49,581 on this account alone. The rectory of Hunton, with an income of .£1,057, was enjoyed for sixty-three years also, or £ 67,091. The rectory of Eynesford, at < £ 600 a year for sixty-three years, amounts to £ 37,800. The rec- tory of Latchingdon, at an income of .£955 for sixty- one years, amounts to < £ 58,255. The Canonry of Can- terbury Cathedral, at < £ 1,000 a year for Bixty-one years, amounts to £ 61,000. The Kegistrarship of Wills, at .£8,000 a year for fifty-three years, to 1858, yields £ 424,000, and the compensation allowance of X7,990 for seven years amounts to £ 55,930. In all, this gentleman, according to the simplest kind of com- putation, has drawn £ 753,657 from the public of Eng. land. We have no doubt Mr. Moore was a most esti. mable man personally. He is said to have been very charitable. Bat nothing can be worse than the system under which these abuses could take Mr. Moore's case may be a very marked one of its class; it is certainly not singular. Nor will such evil greatly diminish so long as an unreformed Parliament and an unreformed State Church exist together.
Terrible Fatality in a. Slate Quarry. accident of a very appalling nature, which threw a. gloom over the busy locality of Festiniog, occurred on Friday in a slate quarry belonging to Mr. Morgan Lloyd, barrister-at-law. Four young brothers were working a level mine into the heart of the rook by means of blasting, when, through some inexplicable cause, a hole exploded while being rammed home by one of the brothers. Two of the young men, who, it appears stood close by heedlessly witnessing the operation, were instantaneously hurled into eternity, whilst the operator mysteriously escaped with severe, but not mortal, injuries. Fortunately the young VTother had jil-t rreviouely made hi" exit from the scene of destruction.
FACTS AND FACETIAE. ■—♦—- When may a man be said to swallow cause and effect ? When he drinks gin and-bitters. He is a bad boy who goes like a top—no longer than he is whipped. What beams often fall on men's heads without hurting them ? Sunbeams. I'm not so strong as I used to be," as the onion remarked after ib was boiled. A Prompt Reply.—A little boy, somo six years old, was using his slate and pencil on the Sabbath, when his father, who was a clergyman, entered and said, My son, I prefer that you should not use your slate on the Lord's-day." "I'm making meeting- houses, lather," was the prompt reply. I Cure for Fainting.-A New York man, who had not been out of the city for many years, fainted away in the pure air of the country. He was only resuscitated by putting a dead fish to his nose, when he slowly revived, exclaiming, That's good-it smells like home! What's the matter ? said a stranger to a crowd that had surrounded a black fellow in ante-petroleum days, for the purpose of carrying him on board of a whaling ship. Matter ?—matter enough," exclaimed the victim, "Pressing a poor negro to get oil." At a recent railroad dinner, in compliment to the legal fraternity, the toast was given:—"An honest lawyer, the noblest work of God; but an old farmer in the back part of the hall rather spoiled the effect by adding, in a loud voice, And about the scarcest." Conditional Forgiveness. — A negro, about dying, was told by his minister that he must forgive a certain darkey against whom he seemed to entertain very bitter feelings. Yes, sah," he replied, If I dies, I forgive dat nigga; but if I gets well, dat nigga must take care." "Won't you out open a penny for me, father?" said a little girl when she came home from school one day. Cut open a penny! What do you want me to do that for? "asked her father. "'Cause," said the little girl, "ourteaeher says that in every penny there are four farthings, and I want to see them." A gentleman having fallen into the river Exe, relating it to Sir T. A., said, You may suppose I was pretty wet." "Yes," said the baronet, "wet in the Exe-stream. Coming it Strong.—A fop, who had been some time silent, desired to show off his talent to the company, and, seeing a candle near him which wanted snuffing, said to the lady next him-" Madam, will you be pleased, of your most obsequious kindness, to extend to your very humble servant that pair of igni- potent digits, that I may decapitate the excrescences of this nocturnal cylindrical luminary, that your ocular optics may shine more potently." The lady listened till he came to the end, and, handing him what he re- quired, said, Oh, you great fool, why did you not ask me for the snuffers in English." Absence of Mind.—The Lowell Journal gives an account of a rich scene that occurred in one of the Lowell hotels reoently. A lodger, who had been on a spree the previous evening, arose in the morning and rang the bell violently. Boots appeared. "Where are my pants? I looked my door last night, and somebody has stolen them Boots was green, and a little terrified. He left, however, struck with a sudden thought, and returned with the identical pants. The landlord. was oallad to receive complaints against Boots but he made it evident that the man kad put out his pantaloons to be blacked instead of his boots. The lodger left in the first train. A Curious Sign.-A correspondent of the Standard writing from Leicester say a:—Some years ago there were five public-houses in the Gallowtree Gate in this town, viz. :—Tho Bear," the Angel," the "Three Cups," the "Three Tuns," and the "White Horse." In opposition to the others, the host of the latter house had the following rather witty lines inscribed upon his sign :— My White Hwrse shall bite the Bear, And make the Angel' fly; He'll turn the Three Cups' upside down, And drink the Three Tuns' dry." An anecdote is told characteristic of the Bishop of Exeter. The scene is a church at Torquay; the Bishop is present, but not officiating, and he sits with the congregation. -The officiating clergyman ventures to soften to ears polite the phrase Eat and drink their own damnation." He reads it "Condemnation." A voice is heard energetically exclaiming "Damna- tion The whole church is startled. But it is not a profane epithet they hear; it is the voice of the Bishop in rebuke of the officiating minister. Trying to Smuggle a Clock.-An amusing story is told of a lady who tried to smuggle a clock across the Canada border. She gave the clockseller particular directions to fix the alarm apparatus so that it would not strike; but the Cannuck, being somewhat of a wag, set the alarm to make it strike at the moment he knew the lady would arrive at the Custom-house. The lady fastened the timepiece securely to her hoops and started on her homeward journey. Arriving at the Custom-house the officer found nothing contraband among her effects, and was passing to the next traveller, when a loud wh-r-r-r was heard under the lady's skirts. The strange noise was kept up for the full space of a minute; but to the lady it seemed an hour, and she became tremulous and excited. The Custom-house officer, not daring to lay hands on a woman, save in the way of kindness," obtained an iron rod, with which he felt around the crinoline for the concealed clock, and finally succeeded in bringing it down. The Opinions of Third-class Railway Travellers.-The following is a correct copy of the ideas set forward on the panels of some third-class carriages plying on one of the branch lines of railway from Limerick:—" Where is the Emperor of the French ? Who the —— told you he was there ? The Clerk of the Commissioners is a b—h." Who sold the mule ? Harragh for they Fenians for there they bies That blarneys they Cormudgens every day, And don't let go the howld until they makes 'em pay. England ill be sorry for hanging Jack, For France ill be proud to give 'em a whack, Och me vrone N. on't they come from Amerka To showlder the gun and Pikel thartary! Where's the roaster, Jim?" "I ped for my ticket and that's no lie." The double triangle." Your father was a rogue." "If he caught you, he'd let you know." Who is the girl in the corner with the red eyes and pnrty veil, Mick?" "Is that all you know." "Fellows can't travel third-class any more, since the fares riz." "Thour a gowl thoggerth they thala." "Is that you, Judy ?" "Oh law!" "Barney Daily and Betty Purcell will surely make a match of it." The d-I a surer." Who stole the cobbler's awlP" It was yourself, you robber." "Poor Peter Gill is gone to gaal, Lord protect him while he's there, When he comes out he'll show some fun, In making Charlie's bailiffs run." -The-Opening Day.-The following is Paddy Flynn's account of the opening of the Working Men's Exhibition at Birmingham, extracted from the Bir- mingham Daily Post .— Of the Brummagem Exhibition I've a self-impos'd commission, A faymiliar exposition to indite. Ye spalpeens, now be aisy! Shure the table's legs are crazy; So kape yer elbows off it while I write. To describe the doings gay, sirs, Of the show's grate opening day, sirs, 'Twould take a week to put it all in rhyme; So to the grand procession I'll now give due expression, And trate yez to the rest another time. 'Twixt twelve and one o'clock, sirs, The burgesses did flook, sirs, To the Ball Ring for to see the splendid sight; But the sky had long been lourin', And from the clouds down ponrin' The rain came tumblin* on 'em as in spite. Sore dismay'd by sioh a damper, The famales tried to scamper, But they might as well have tried to move a wall; So like pigs paok'd in a pound, sirs, They were forc'd to stand their ground, sirs, While their babbies help'dthe hubbub wid a squall. The cabs and omnibuses Got less blessings, faith, than cusses, .■ m As thro' the crowded streets they made their way; For the wheels tore women's clothes off, And the horses trod men's toes off; Which wasn't mighty pleasant, I must say. i Bedad, 'twas jiat a. toss up 'Twixt Superintendent Glossop And the people, who should keep or break the line; But the peelers did their duty Wid a firm hand and acute eye, And good temper wid their efforts did combine. At last, 'mid big drums bangin', And merry joy-bells clangin', And ten thousand voices shoutin' Hip! hooray In due marchin' order formin', And foul weather gaily scornin', The grand procession mov'd upon its way. Och! the gallant fire brigade, sirs, An imposin' show they made, sirs, Wid their engines all bedizen'd out so fine, Wid flamin' flags and flowers So gorgeous-by de powers Oat of all the rest they fairly took the shine Then appear'd bowld Colonel Mason; Who put a smilin' face on, And bow'd a How d'ye do ? to rich and poor; But Adiutant M'Innis Had a vex'd expression in his Mug, that said, This heavy wet's a perfect cure! 17 Next came the valiant Rifles, Shure they niver stick at trifles; Marchin' staunch as British lions thro' the rain, While the bands wor stoutly tryin' To play up Bob's a dyin' Nix my Dolly," or some other martial strain. When they got forninst the Town-hall, As if to nately crown all, 'Midst the clargy and officials small and grate, Lord Leigh, the Lord Liftenant, He hoisted up his pennant And join'd the demonstration in grand state. Lord Lyttelton was there, too, Docther Miller, and the May'r, too, And a lot of other big-wigs I can't name- Not bekase I haven't time, shure, But their names won't come in rhyme, shure, So I think you'll own my pen is not to blame. Wid a dale more" Hip, hoorayin' And trombones and trumpets brayin'. The paygeant mov'd along to Bingley Hall, Where they soon got under cover; So the first grand scene being over, Wid yer lave, I'll drink, and let the curtain fall. But before I say good-bye, airs, Me fisht at a toast I'll try, sirs :— May the Exhibition thrive thro' thick smd thin; Here's long life and health to all, sirs, Rich and poor, and short and tall, sirs, And a thumpin' prize to MISTHER PADDY FLYNN. Don't sleep with your coat on, of its nap and yours will be taken together.
WILLS AND BEQUESTS. Probate of the will of the Right Hon. Anne, Cormtess Dowager of Shaftesbury, of Rochdale-house, Richmond, Surrey, was granted by her Majesty's Court, on the 25th ult., to her sons, the Right Hon. Anthony Ashley- Cooper, Earl of Shaftesbury, K G., and the Hon. Anthony William Ashley-Cooper, power being re- served to Henry John Harvey, Esq., of Spring-terrace, Richmond, also an executor, to prove hereafter to whom a legacy of £ 100 is bequeathed. The countess was formerly Lady Anne Spencer, daughter of the fourth Duke of Marlborough, and married, in 1786, Cropley, the late Earl of Shaftesbury, who died in 1851, and has had a large family, six sons and three daughters. Her ladyship died on the 7th of August last, having executed her will on the let of March, 1856, to which two codicils are added, dated 1857 and 1863, whereby, after making provision by way of annuity for two of her servants, leaving also to one of them her wearing apparel, these bequests to be free of legacy duty, she bequeaths the residue of her property to her son the present Earl. The will of William Wild, Esq., of Denmark-hill, and Martin's-lane, Cannon-street, City, was proved in London, under R200,000 personalty. The testators are William John Wild and the Rev. Robert Louis Wild, the testator's sons, and Henry Butler, of Fen- church-street. wine merchant. The testator died on the 23rd of February last, having executed his will in 1863. He leaves to his wife an immediate legacy of £ 1,000 and his residence, Denmark-hill, with the furniture, plate, books, and the wines, spirits, and other stores there, absolutely, and the interest of < £ 25,000, together with the rents of his estates, for her life subject to which he devises his freehold estate in Martin's-lane to his son William John, and his estates in Ash, Stansted, and Kemsing, all in Kent, to his son Frederick, leaving also to his son Frederick the sum of £ 30,000. To his son Charles, < £ 20,000; to his son and executor, the Rev. Robert L. Wild, a like sum of Y,20,000 and the advowson of the rectory at Hurstmonceaux, in Sussex. To his daughter Emily Boutcher, £ 15,000; his daughter Rosa, wife of Alger- non Sidney Bicknell, £ 20,000. There are legacies to his sister, nephews, nieces, a brother-in-law, and to each of his executors and trustees. The residue, real and personal, he leaves to his son William John Wild. The testator expresses it as his wish that his son William should continue to carry on the business of wine merchant. The will of Lionpl Jeremiah Olive, Esq., of Rodney- place, Clifton, Bristol, was proved in the London Court, on the 12th ult., by the executors, namely, Elizabeth Charlotte Olive, the relict; Richard Lle. wellin, Esq. (his cousin), of Westbury-upon-Trym, Gloucester; and George Still Law, Esq., of Lincoln's- inn; the latter are also trustees of the estate and guardians of the children, and to each of them a legacy of f200 is bequeathed. The personalty was sworn under £ 120,000. The will is dated March 13,1852, and the testator died on the 17th of June last. He confirms the settlement on marriage, by which is secured the sum of XIO,000 for wife and children, and bequeaths to his wife his freehold residence, together with the furniture, plate, books, pictures, &c.; also an immediate legacy of < £ 2,000 and an annuity of Xl,200 a, year. There is a legacy of X3,000 to his nephew William Olive Bird, 15th Hussars; also be- quests to a few other persons, which are to be paid free of legacy duty. The residue of his property he leaves to be divided equally amongst all his children. -Illustrated London News. -+ —
Marriage in High Life.-The Countess of Jersey, eldest daughter of the late Sir Robert Peel and widow of the sixth Earl of Jersey, was married on Tuesday to Mr. Charles Brandling, of Middleton-hall, Yorkshire. The marriage took place at St. Paul's Church, Knightsbridge. Her ladyship's uncle, the Very Rav. Dean of Worcester, officiated at the cere- mony. The wedding party, after the marriage, pro- ceeded to the Hon. Francis and Mrs. Stonbr's mansion in South Audley-street to breakfast. Owing to a recent affliction in the countess's family, the company was limited to a few intimate friends and relations. After the dejeuner the countess and her husband left town for Mr. Morant's seat in Hampshire. Cruel Desertion of a Wife and Child — William Littleton, a coster monger, was brought before the magistrate at Clerkenwell, charged with deserting his wife and child, and leaving them chargea.ble to the parish of St. Pancras.—The prisoner is known as a drunken, dissipated fellow, and has been in the fre- quent habit of illusing his wife and child. About a month since the prisoner, without the least provocation, beat his wife and child, and then de- serted them, leaving them without a farthing. The wife went to the parish authorities, and was admitted to the workhouse, and while she was there the pri- soner returned home, and was told where his wife had gone. He did not take the slightest notice until Tues- day last, when he went to the workhouse gate, and asked if his wife was inside. He then gave a wrong name, and said that all he wanted was to know if a friend of his was there. He then went to a public- house, and having got the worse for liquor, again went to the workhouse, and having made a disturbance, was given into custody. It was stated that the prisoner was a most violent fellow, and had been in the fre- quent habit of illusing his wife, and had often kept her without food. He had sold the whole of the furniture, and had also been cohabiting with a woman, whom he had helped to support.-The defence set up by the pri- soner was that his wife had deserted him, and that she had treated him ba.dly.—The lodgers in the house de- nied the prisoner's statement, and Mr. D'Eynccurt sentenced the prisoner to one month's hard labour in the House of Correction.