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AGHICULTUBI. ?

HINTS UFO 1ST G-A-RDENIBTQ.

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HINTS UFO 1ST G-A-RDENIBTQ. ARREARS.A.t this time of the year most gardeners find themselves in arrears in regard to some depart- ments of their work but as little watering is now re- quired, and there is a momentary lull in the activities necessary to keep gardens in order, all hands may be piped to clean out pits and houses, improve shrub- bery borders by introducing plants to give effect dur- ing winter, and various odd jobs in propagating, &c. Read over the notices of the past few weeks, and see what has escaped attention, as with the fine weather now before us lost time may be made amends for by those who are diligent and vigilant. BEDDERS can only be kept in good trim by constant attention. Remove seed trusses, yellow leaves, and rank growths. Put in cuttings of whatever is required, and pot off those already rooted. Shut them up for a week, and then expose them to all weathers till the time to house them. A few cuttings of Derilla and coleus verschaffelti put in now, and carefully treated, will make nioe plants to group with chrysanthemums in the conservatory bv-and-by*. These two easily- managed foliage plants should be grown in every stove during winter. 1 CAULIFLOWERS to be sown on raised beds of fine rich earth; when they have their first rough leaves, J to be taken up and potted in thumb-pots, in good ] fuchsia compost, and the pots plunged in a bed of £ coal-ashes, As soon as the pots are full of roots, to be shifted to 60's. and in these to be wintered in ] frames, the pots plunged to the rim to prevent frost touching their roots. This may seam a dandified way J of treating cauliflowers we can only say that experi- c ence has taught us that it pays better in the end than any other method for a crop to plant ouj early in the -J ^CUCUMBERS for winter fruiting must be reared at 1 once, and cuttings are preferable to seed, as the planes 8 have a shorter habit, and are more fruitful. Take s very small cuttings from the ends of newly-made 1 shoots, pot them singly in small 60's, and shut up over a gentle bottom-heat. As we are not now using dung-heat, we shall put a small frame over a heap of I 8 grass-mowings, mixed with dry litter, which will c afford enough heat to start them, and keep them going till new beds are made up. But beware of grass-mowings alone, unless cooking and not growing J is the object. One half dry litter, and the other half b mowings shaken over, will produce a steady, lasting heat, of great value at this time of the year, when it is not generally convenient or desirable to have dung wheeled in. EVERGREEN SHRUBS may now be moved with the best chance of success, whether they be large or small. As to evergreens, such as hollies, aucubas, laurels, Portugal laurels, lauriatinus, arbor vitas, &c., they have all done growing, their wood is hard, and if lifted now will make fresh root while the surface soil is in the best condition of warmth and moisture of any period of the year. Where new gardens are being laid out, the gain of three months upon the ordinary plant- ing season is no small matter, as it enables the planter to get the chief operations finished at a time when the men enjoy the work, and the proprietor is enabled also to enjoy the result, and all to the advantage of the plants. Layers and cuttings of hardy shrubs put down now, and left till April or May, may then be re- moved, and planted in nursery rows with good roots. HOLLYHOCKS to be propagated from cuttings as soon as they can be got from the stool. Cuttings from the stems are of no use to amateurs, and should never be used by anybody except to increase kinds in great demand. MUCK-PIT.—There will for several weeks be vast accumulations of rubbish by removal of pea, bean, and potato haulm, and other materials for manure. It is a common thing to see rubbish thrust into holes full of water, in order that it may rot the quicker, the parties forgetting that water washes out all the good- ness of the material. It would be better to accumu- late vegetable refuse in one large heap, to undergo fermentation and decay without the help of adven- titious moisture; and if any offensive smell results, throw a layer of earth over the heap. Common mould is the best of all deodorisers. STRAWBERRIES.—Now is the best time in the whole year to make new beds, to insure good bearing next year. If rooted runners are plentiful, take the best only, and destroy all the weak ones but any varieties it is thought desirable to propagate to the utmost, sort the runners as to sizes, planting the forwardest and strongest in beds to bear, and the late weaker ones in separate beds for stock these latter will probably not bear till the year after next, and then will be strong plants. Strawberries to fruit in pots next year ought by this time to be strong, and in need of a shift. The soil should be strong loam, well chopped over with rotten dung, and the plants to be potted firm. -Gardener's Magazine.

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