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SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS.

Cholera and its Remedy.

Locking the Doors of Railway…

The Cattle Plague.

Close of the New Zealand War.

♦ ITALY.

- OPENING OF THE SUEZ CANAL.

THE GREAT GERMAN POWERS ON…

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THE GREAT GERMAN POWERS ON THE SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN QUESTION. A special correspondent of a London contemporary, writing from Berlin on the 16th of August, says :— "Some of the most threatening clouds have disappeared from the political sky. The meeting between the Emperor of Austria and the King of Prussia, on which all the friends of peace found their hopes, will positively take place. The King will leave Gastein in a few days, and return via Salzburg. It is believed that the Emperor will be present at the rifle festival which is to be held at the latter place on the 18th, and, perhaps, also the King of Bavaria and the Grand Duke of Hesse. In spite of these accounts, however, a good deal of uneasiness still prevails, most people believing that the present improvement is but a calm between two storms, and that even the visit of the Emperor is but an act of pure courtesy, that will not be attended with any consequences. All that is expected to result from Count Blome's second mission is an understanding on the prolongation of the joint possession. But even this consummation will be at- tended with difficulties. It is certain that Prussia, as a condition sine qua non to this settlement insists upon the departure or expulsion of the Duke of Augustenburg, upon an alteration in the organisation of the Administration and introduction of a more rigorous system of joint government on the part of the two Powers, and, above all, upon the removal of Augustenburg influence. To judge from the late manifestations of the Vienna Cabinet one would scarcely suppose the latter to be in the necessary frame of mind to comply with these pretensions. Notwithstanding, the last accounts state that Austria is ready to submit on these points. It is affirmed that the Duke, since his councillors have left him for different destinations, has determined to follow their example, a resolution at which he would scarcely have arrived without a hint from Austria, or at least some indication that this step would give satisfaction at Vienna. Another indication of compliance on the part of Austria has been furnished by the circumstance that a series of measures in the direction desired at wh J6<s K?n •op-^d, the provincial adminis- tration of Schleswig-Holstem. Lastly, we are told that General Von Manteuffel will retain the command of the troops of both Powers, and will soon present himself in this capacity to the Emperor at Vienna, an event which could scarcely occur if the mutual relations of the "proprietors" possessed the dangerous character attributed to them by public opinion. But even in the most favourable case such an understanding really taking place and lasting an indefinite time, all parties would still be far from a satisfactory goal The Schleswig-Holsteiners would be blessed with two jealous and disunited Regents Austria would realise neither the hopes of the Dake of Augustenburg nor of her German confederates; and she would, moreover, be continually exposed to the danger of her influence being from year to year more fr mLU1rermine- 7 Prussia> Prussia would r derive none1 of those benefits from the Duchies which she anticipated. It is, therefore no woxxaer tnac tne Liberal party should violently oppose the continuance of the provisional state of things, and charge the Schleswig-Holsteiners in fierce language with the creation of this abnormal position by their political infatuation, as the expression is. I subjoin the following extract from the Kolnische Zeitung on this subject "This compromise," says the Rhenish journal, wfll ieave much to be desired in every direction- still it possesses the advantage that war will be avoided and time given for reflection. May this time be profitably employed, and particularly so by the Schleswig-Holsteiners. They never oared anything for the Augustenburgers-not even during the first days after the death of Frederic VII. did anybody in the Duchies think of the Augustenburg hereditarv claims. Their zeal for the alleged hereditary Duke if.lia ml1-ch,newer dat.?' and the entire legitimacy as ^oblematical as possible. Among the Schleswig- Holsteiner teachers of State rights nobody, for the B { °* !?. y/eara of this century, ever doubted the Danish right of succession to Schleswig, and even for Holstem the Augustenburg right can by no means be proved to apply to the whole of the country. But even if the doubtful hereditary right should not have jundically expired, as affirmed by the Prussian Crown jurists and lately also by Austria, it has at any rate been morally forfeited. And is it for the sake of questionable a title that the Schleswig-Holsteiners are going to incur the misery of "petty stateism ?" Where are the Schleswig-Holsteiners of 1848 and 1849, who formed the essence of the German y— ?. We*0 never tired of assuming that they were Prussian to the bone; that, if Prussia would but liberate them from Democrats, they would become Prussians cheerfully? Where see one now and then in the Daohies. The others will not even offer Prussia ¿:L. _'L. w1110^ was already conceded by the Imperial Con- • stitution of the 29 th March, 1849, and if they refer to the miserable system of Government that at present exists in Prussia, this is but a poor pretext for their unhappy. desertion of the great German fatherland. If the t0Abe introduced to-morrow co5d scarilv ? concessions to Prussia som? nf T7 ,Ie?? Pa8sionate. It is the ancient song °t the great German nation — the jealousy, the dissension, and rivalry of the German rulers! None will submit to the other. Fortunately this is no longer necessary. A great German State has been formed, uniting Germans of al- ,9 most every race. Under what race are the Schles- wig-Holstemers, whose manliness and capability nobody disputes, to subordinate themselves ? Under the Brandenburg, perhaps, with its much talked-of junkers, who are as little to our taste as to that of the Schleswig-Holsteiners. Brandenburg forms but a small part of the State of Prussia, and the Schleswig- Holsteiners are much more closely related to the Brandenburgers, the Pomeranians, &c., than, for in- stance, we Rhinelanders. And they will be allowed to have as much influence on us as we on them." »

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