POLITICAL GOSSIP. THE accounts received in town from Iekworth Park relative to the health of Earl Carlisle are not of a favourable character. His lordship cannot.) et be pronounced out of danger. COUNT MTJNSTER is, we hear, to succeed Count Kielmansegge as Minister from the Court of Hanover to the Court of St. James's. THE German journals are at the present moment exercising their imagination in forming pians for the remodelling of the map of Europe. Thoy will, per- haps, find that two can play at that, and that they had better not have flung out the hint. < GARIBALDI id going to Parliament, and, from all we can hear, will be received in grand state. He likes the Convention, but is afraid France wants too much for her condeseension. "TIm recent visit of Lord Clarendon to Vienna, says the Pays, "had for result the reduction of the Austrian army. The Vienna Cabinet is said to have consented to that measure on the formal promise that England would induce the Italian Government to adopt a similar proceeding." IT is said that a Chief. Judge in Bankruptcy will be proposed next year to aid the working of the new laws. THE Lloyd of Vienna states that a gordeiier has been punished at Warsaw for having in his possession a dahlia which, by a caprice of nature, was partly red and partly white, the Polish colours. The commissary of police unfortunately cast his suspicious eyes on the flower, and immediately drew up a report to "superior authority asking that the gardener should be pun- ished for making a political demonstration.- A VOTER the other day wrote to the barristers on both sides, who were warmly contesting for, the re- gistration of his vote, pro and con, that he did not wish to be troubled with any more trumpery squabbling and had no interest in the course of politics there- fore he wished that his name might be struck off the list. The barristers were thunderstruck at his want of political enthusiasm, but a great many people will feel almost as used up to excitement with regard to "Vhig and Conservative claims. THE following letter, concerning Lord Wodehouse .s recent apooiritment as Viceroy, signed Heraldicus, appeared in the Irish Times .—Your[ correspondents labour under a delusion as to Lord Wodehouse. So far from'being inferior to his predecessors in the high office to which he has been preferred, his lordship ranks, in ancestral position, hereditary distinction, ami. family alliances, with the best of the English nobility. The Wodehouses are, to use the expression of an old writer, of stupetidcsus' antiquity. One of their ancestors was a Knight in the time of Henry Beauclerk; another, a gallant soldier under Henry V., was given the motto of £ Agin court' (a, motto still borne by Lord Wodehouse), for his prowess on that memorable field; a third was created a Knight of the Bath at the Royal nuptials of Henry VIII.'s son, Prince Arthur; and a fourth, Sir Philip Wodehouse, of Kimberley, knighted by the Earl of Essex, for, his valour at the capture of Cadiz, was included in the first creation of baronets on the institution of the above-mentioned Order. Besides being the male representative of this grand old English race, Lord Wodehouse is heir-general of the Lords Berkeleyof Stratton, co-heir of the Bacons of Norfolk, and the Armines of Lincolnshire, and a descendant of Belted Will Howard' of Naworth, the founder of poor Lord Carlisle's immediate family. Stat fortuna domus, et avi numerantur avorum. PROROGATION OF PARLIAMENT.—The Lord Chan- cellor attended in the House of Lords on Saturday for the purpose of further proroguing the Parliament. His lordship and the other commissioners having taken their ses-ts, Colonel Clifford, the Deputy-Yeoman of the Black Rod, was directed to summon the Commons to hear the commission read. Shortly afterwards one of the clerks, attended by the door-keeper and some of the other officials of the House, appeared at the bar, when the commission was read by Sir J. Shaw Lefevre, the parliamentary clerk. The Lord Chancellor then declared it to be her Majesty's royal will and pleasure that the Parliament should be again prorogued, and it stood adjourned accordingly until Friday, the 11th of November. His lordship did not add the words that the Parliament should be "then and there holden for the despatch of divers and urgent affairs;" so that on the 11th of November a further prorogation will take place, unless affairs of impor- tance arise meanwhile to render the speedy meeting of Parliament necessary. Not a single member of the House of Commons was present at the ceremony. Election Intelligence. LuRU TVM. GRAHAM has issued an address to his constituents, in which he announces his intention of retiring from the representation of the county of Hereford at the next general election. THERE are now five candidates for the representa- tion of Southampton at the next general election, viz., Al..<.Ma,n Rose and Mr. Seymour, the sitting members for the borough, and Messrs. Russell Gurney, G. Moffat (M.P. for Honiton), and T. M. Mackay. A few more are wanted to make the number complete. THE Colonial Secretary (the Right Hon. Edward Card well, M.P.) and C. Neate, Esq., M.P., have been visiting their constituents at Oxford twice within the past fortnight, each time honouring the Mayor (J. R. Carr, Esq.) and leading citizens with their company at dinner. THE Liverpool Courier says that Mr. William Henry Gladstone, eldest son of the Chancellor of the Ex- chequer, will contest the cily of Chester in the Liberal I, interest at the next election. Mr. G. O. Trevelyan, a son of the Indian Finance Minister, appeared before the electors.of Tynemouth on Thursday night, and met with a hearty reception. He is an .advanced Liberal, and will contest the borough with the present; Tory member. A REQUISITION is in course of signature amongst the electors of Reigate, soliciting the Hon. E.dinund John Monson to offer himself at the coming election as a candidate to represent the borough, in Parliament. The Hon. Edmund Monson is the brotner of Lord Monson, who, before his elevation to the peerage, sat during three years for Reigate. He is a staunch Liberal, and is at present Secretary of Legation at Brussels. He has had considerable experience in the diplomatic service with the embassies at Paris, where he was the private secretary of Lord Cowley at Wash- ington, where he filled the same office for Lord Lyons; at Hanover and Florence. He was educated at Eton, and Balliol College, Oxford, where he graduated B.A., and Was elected Fellow of All Souls. His family have been for a long period politically and locally connected with Reigate. MR. W. D. CHRISTIE, our late Minister mBrazil, has recently been paying a visit to Cambridge, and has placed himself in communication with several of the leading Liberal politicians in that town." The result is that he has announced Pis determination of contesting the representation of tha borough at the next general election, and he will take an early oppor- tunity of addressing the electors. Mr. Christie received his education at Trinity College, Cambridge, graduating in 1838, and during his residence in the University was well known as >In upholder of Liberal opinions. Mr. Christie was M.P. for Weymouth from 1842 to 1847.
THE ARTS, LITERATURE, &o. --+-c- AIR. HENRY Ross, a rising sculptor, has produced an exceedingly fine bust of Garibaldi. THERE is an on dit that the British lion which had been modelled by Sir Edwin Landseer, and intended for the statue at Charing-cross, has come to grief in the studio. THE Crystal Palace at Oporto, the first stone of which was laid by King Pedro V. in 1861, is nearly terminated, and the directors of -the establishment intend to inaugurate it by an international exhibition. A COLLECTION of the insects of New Zealand is making for England. About 600 specimens, represent- ing 150 species, have been collected. The specimens are rich in butterflies and moths; many of the latter are new and exquisitely beautiful. .THE "Society of Friends of Art" at Moscow have instituted two prizes of 300 and 100 roubles for the two best oil-paintings representing scenes from the life of the Russian people. Besides Russians, only such foreign artists are admitted to the competition as have studied art in Russia. STOTHARD'S sixth son, Alfred Joseph, died on the 6th instant, aged seventy-one, of paralysis, caused by disease of the brain. It will be remembered that Henry Stothard, Flaxman's hapless pupil, suffered from the same cause. Alfred Joseph has been long known as a medallist, especially by his reproduction of Chantrey's bust of Scott and of the heads of Byron and Canning..By .lovers of his father it will not be forgotten that the recently deceased received the latest pressure,of that father's hand, and waited upon his last hours. Thus another link between us and the most graceful of designers is broken. The other day, says the Athenaeum, there was talk of letting out in building leases" the very grave .where he lies in-Ban- hill-fields. THE last troubadour of France, the poet Jasmin, of Agen, died a few days ago, following his colleague in poetry, Reboul, of Nismes, into the grave. Jasmin, like Allan Ramsay before him, followed the humble profession of hairdresser. His poetical talent, com- bined with a kind heart and a pure, blameless life, -n Nvl won esteem and acknowledgment foi him, not only in his native town, but wherever his name was men- tioned. M. de Salvandy was his special protector during the July monarchy. In 1846 he had an audience of Louis Philippe, and received a decoration. He was barn in 1798,'and his first poetry appeared in 1825. His verses were written almost invariably in the Gascon dialect.; the few attempts which he made to write in Academical French have not succeeded. One of his poems, "The Blind Girlof Caatel-Cuille" (".L'Abuglo de Castel-Caille"), has been translated into English: by Longfellow. A NEW song by Mrs. Tennyson, the Laureate's wife, entitled The Alma River," has recently been pub- lished. It has been set to music by the same lady. A PATRIOTIC citizen, one Senor Justo Zapala, has presented to the public library at Madrid the only copy which is supposed to exist of the first edition of "Don Quixote," or "El Quixote," as the Spaniards emphatically call the immortal knight, who, with the honest Sancho by his side, has made the Spanish people laugh Spam's ohivalry away. The gift has been gratefully acknowledged. 1, A LARGE rich stained-glass obituary east window has ju eon placed in Wellesbourne Church, in the decorated style, to the memory of Cecil Henry Paule.fT son of Lord Charles Paulet, who died at Boulogne- sur-Mer on Good Friday, 25th March, 1864, after a short illness, aged 22. The window is dedicated by his brother officers of the 1st and 2nd Battalion of the 60th King's Royal Rifle Corps. MR. R. A. KINGLAKE, who initiated the happy idea of forming a sculpture gallery of Somersetshire worthies, has commissioned the Messrs. Tylev, of Bristol, to execute a memorial bust of the "Good Bishop Ken," one of the brightest ornaments of the Church of England, and whose deeds of love and charity are so well remembered in the diocese of Bath. The Marquis of Bath kindly permitted Messrs. Tyley to make a photograph of the portrait of Ken, which adorns the picture gallery, at Longleat; and Scheffor's painting of Ken, in the Palace, Wells, was also copied for the same purpose, by favour of Lord Auckland. IT has.. been long known, says the Athenceum, that one of the finest collections of coins in the world was that possessed by Mr. Edward Wigan, of Highbury- terrace, and that his collection was particularly rich in the class of Roman imperial coins. We have, there- fore, much pleasure in stating that about two months since Mr. Wigan called upon Mr. Vaux, the keeper of the coins and medals in the British Museum, and placed in his hands the whole of his Roman imperial gold coins, with the request that Mr. Vaux and his colleagues would5 select from it such specimens as I might be by them considered deserving a place in the national collection. With this view a careful and minute comparison has been instituted between the collection of coins of this class in the museum—already, I since the donation of Mr. J. F. de Salis of his magnifi- cent collection of similar coins, one of great value— and that of Mr. Wigan; the result of which has been that 293 coins have been selected as representing specimens unique or unrepresented in the museum cabinets, together with some others which were chiefly remarkable for the beauty of their preservation.
SPORTS AND PASTIMES. J THE dogs of Great Britain are an increasing race, ] says a contemporary. The £ 39 12s. annual tax was paid upon 81 packs of hounds (of 66 or more) in the financial year 1859-60, and upon 84 packs in 1861-62. i The packs of greyhounds (of 15 or more) were 29 in the former year and 33 in the latter; the duty is £9. For dogs of any other description the tax is 12s. a ] year, and it was assessed on 324,754 in 1859-60, and on *336,862 in 1861-62. The returns do not carry these details down to a later year as yet, but the produce of the dog-tax increased in the year 1862-63, and again in the year 1863-64. MR. ALDERMAN ROSE has addressed the following letter concerning his fishing on the Tay to the Field newspaper:—" In your last number, in the report from the Tay, your correspondent says The Lord Mayor of London also honoured the river by. a few casts of his line, not without success. He took one salmon and one grilse.' I presume your correspondent alludes to myself, being the late lord mayor of London, ad my friend, the present lora mayor, has not visited Scot- land this year. Allow me, also, to correct your report in other respects. I left London on the 16th of August to visit my friends at Meikleour House, on the Tay; and so far from a few casts, I fished daily without success, owing to the water being so low, until the 2nd of September, when I was compelled to return to London. But as the river rose ten feet the day I left, I arranged that my friends should telegraph to me when the water would suit, there feeing- only a few days before the closing of the rod-fishing. I received my telegram, went down, and my take with rod and line was two salmon 211b. each, two 181b. each, one 171b., besides smaller salmon and grilse, all clean fresh-rrua fish; amply repaying me for 1,000 miles travelling for really two day' salmon-fishing. fl MR. BROUGHAM, of Isleworth, says that the reports of the assistant river-keepers of the Thames Angling Preservation Society for the week ending-October 12 do not embrace any particular feature of' interest as regards angling. At Staines, Fletcher says, "The I only fishing we Ca¡rl g,et is gudgeon and a few perch, but.ther&are plenty of fish to be seen." Harris, in his report from Laleham, observes "A gentleman on Friday last took .eighteen -perch and another gentle- man, angling for the week, took in that time sixty- eight perch and six jack, but I never saw the river in a, averse state in ,my life. Both these keepers describe the water as being very low and bright, from the scarcity of rain; and this is the case in every part of the river. At Halliford there has been some very fine perch taken. Roaewell sent me over a brace as a specimen; one weighed in the scales over 21b., and the other l £ lb.; they were in excellent condition, and, when cooked, were very good. A punt was sunk on the 6th inst. in Walton Deep, at tho, request of some of the subscribers to the society. Cowdery states, "Thanshermenare taking a fow perch and gudgeon at Hampton." At Moulsey, Smith says, A few Jack have been taken during the week; the easterly wind has prevented us from trying any -other fishing." In his report from Kingston, Johnson remarks," I have found the dace fishing at Teddington bad; I have been gudgeon fishing at Kingston two. half-days and one whole one, the takes being seven, nine, and twelve dozen, with a few perch each time the water is lower and finer than ever I knew it at this time of the year." Emcker says of Teddington, "There has been very little fishing this week, but some good roach have been taken." At Richmond, Howard states there has been no good sport, owing to the strong easterly winds, and the low and clear state of the water. The pro- prietor, of a chemical works at Brentford was brought before the Brentford bench on Saturday last, charged by the Board of Thames Conservancy for turning some refuse of a poisonous nature into the river, and was fined .£5. There can be no doubt, if the offence is continued, an "injunction" will follow the fine.
Outfed Cattle. ? The council of the Royal Dublin Society have found a class of cattle in the country to which justice has not been done, which has not received sufficient en- couragement to grow fat—namely, outfed cattle that is, cattle fed on grass in the field, without the aid of artificial food of any kind. Hitherto they have stimulated competition only among the owners of stall-fed cattle—generally men of wealth, with whom the owners of grass-fed cattle could not compete, though they supplied the market with the greatest number of animals for slaughter. Beef and mutton are very dear. It is very desirable to have them pro- duced in greater abundance and of better quality. There is little demand for agricultural labour in the country, and it can only be increased by increasing tillage, and the question, therefore, is, how to render tillage more profitable. The grain which Ireland can produce best is oats, but oats are now only one half- penny a pound, or 7d. a stone. The crop would never pay the farmer at that price. Time was when our distillers used a large quantity of oats, and if it were damaged by a wet sea-son, it still served the purpose of the whisky manufacturers. Many of the distille- ries; however, have been shut up by Mr. Glad- stone's equalisation of the spirit duties between the two countries, and their once wealthy owners have been reduced to bankruptcy. The "wash and grain" of the distilleries—the refuse that remained after the getting the spirit out of the corn—served to feed cattle as an auxiliary to grass. Owing to these circumstances and the cheapness of foreign corn, tillage, is going more and more out of use. The country in many districts looks deserted and desolate, even in spring and harvest time. The traveller no longer sees busy groups of workers in the nolds; few human beings are visible out of the towns. Eve the corn is mowed down by machinery, and it must 1 so in order to have it saved economically in due time, and to be made quickly ready for the market. A few days ago a gentleman from this city went over a demesne of some hundreds of acres in the South, the property of a wealthy baronet who resided in another part of the county. On that large tract of rich land the only person he found employed was one man break- ing stones. The owner gets X2 ap acre from a grazier I and is content. Ifc was found that a hundred persons had emigrated from the neighbouring village, but an intelligent resident said that those who remained were no better off since their departure, and that they were elad to get emnlovment at SR. or 6s. a week. If, then, farmers with second-rate land. who are not i able or willing to compete with the wealthy owners of t prime land in stall-feeding, can be induced to supple- < ment their grass feeding with oats, oilcake, and other 1 kinds of artificial foed, they would produce a greater 1 quantity of beef and mutton of better quality, they 1 would employ more labour, they would encourage ] tillage, they would improve their own circumstances, and increase the prosperity of the country; 1 Such is the gist of the considerations pressed upon the attention of a meeting of gentlemen interested in J agriculture, which was held at the house of the Royal Society in Dublin last week. The chair was occupied ] by the Earl of Longford, and the objects of the meeting were set forth by Mr. C. Cannon, the hon. secretary, Mr. G. Woods Maunsell, Sir Percy. Nugent, Mr. Garnett, Mr. Ganby and others, who advocated the system of "mixed feeding" proved successful in England and in some parts of, Ireland. Ultimately a resolution was adopted to the effect that the meeting approved the sug- gestion to add to the prizes already proposed to be awarded at the next winter show of the Royal Dublin Society the following prices for outfed. cattle and sheep, and, if means be forthcoming, that the following prizes be awarded by the judges of the society —. £ 10 for the best three oxen, = £ 10 for the best three cows, =810 for the best three heifers, £ 5 for the best ten wethers, and X5 for the' best ten hogget wethers. As prizes are necessary to induce people to do what is best for their own interest and, for the country, and, in some instances, what is their manifest duty, it would bo well if prizes were devised for land- lords who give the greatest number of leases tb>their tenants, for capitalists and large farmers who employ the greatest number of agricultural labourers, and pro- vide for them the best lodgings. Irish, proprietors, as well as English, might reflect with advantage upon a passage in the introduction to the speeches of the late Prince Consort:—' I "That with a large breadth of lands of Great Britain I; partially tilled, or scarcely cultivated at all, the British nation should not unfrequently have to expend twenty or thirty millions of monay on foreign corn, is a re- j P,roachagainst our practical sagacity, in which the Prince, at least, can have no share of the blame."
Hints for the Gardener. 1 The general impression amongst practical men is that autumn planting is superior to that of the spring". We are decidedly of this opinion; and we would ad- vise those who intend making new orchards, removing I large fruit trees, or replacing decayed young ones, to commence operations of a preparatory character im- mediately. Such preparations should consist, in the, first place, of a necessary provision of fresh and sound loam; and if this'can be obtained with some | rough turf in it so much the better; if not, it will be well to mix rough stable litter, straw, or any other coarse material with the loam when filling into the holes. The loam being provided and thrown into a 1 high and sharp ridge, in order to throw off rain, the next thing is to thoroughly drain, if not already done, the site intended for planting; without this, all sub- sequent operations will end in disappointment. Per- fect drainage being secured, stations may be formed by making a hard bottom of broken stone rubble, broken bricks, or other hard material; and the prac- tice of some is to throw a coating of cinders on this hard surface, to prevent the soil from entering the porous material beneath..As to depth, great modera- tion must be observed if the kinds are in any way tender, and designed for the dwarfing system. For such, eighteen inches in depth of soil will be amply sufficient, and if the ground be of a moist character one-third of the amount of soil should rise above the ordinary ground level; indeed, in most cases, it is well to raise it considerably. We will say something about selection of kinds when the period of removal arrives; in the meantime, we would advise a trench to be thrown out without delay around very large trees in- tended for removal. This will check late growth, and induce a disposition in the roots to throw out new fibres or small rootlets.
Flower oardn,and Plant Houses. Dutch bulbs should be largely cultivated whare a fine display is required; and where hardy shrubs are forced for the decoration of the conservatory, they should now be got ready for the purpose. AVSICULAS.—Soe that frames in which these are to bewintered have a proper pitch, and tat all the glassh is sound, so that the plants may not be subjected to drip, which will infallibly ruin them. Free circulation of air bhould at all timee be prooioted. VVhen property managed, few petted flowers are more hardy than the auricula. CARNATIONS AND PICOTEES.—In obtaining new- varieties the best plan is to have them immediately; better plants can generally be gov now than in spring, and they will have time to establish themselves before winter, which is highly necessary, if they are to be kept in a state of health tili next spring. HYACINTHS.—These should now be procured, potted, and placed in a cool dark place free from frost to make root. Oat of doors will do, provided they are well oovered over with cinder ashes or coeoa-nut refuse. When well rooted they may be started into growth in heat as required. PINKS AND PANSIEs.-These, we presume, are already planted; some of the plants of both are occasionally "long in the leg," and such should be supported with small sticks, or they are apt to be broken over by wind. TULIPs.-The time has now arrived when all tulip beds ought to be properly arranged for planting, so that the bulbs may be got into the ground forthwith. Some means also should be adopted to shelter the bed or beds from heavy rain, as it is extremely prejudicial to the bulbs before they have begun to appear above ground; and in fact excess of moisture ought at all times to be avoided.—Gardeners' Chronicle.
TOPICS OF THE WEEK. --+- I BRITISH NORTH AMERICA.—If the recent telegram from Canada is not coloured by premature hopes, the great undertaking of uniting under a single Govern- ment the various provinces of British North America has made more rapid progress than the most sanguine politician could have expected in so complicated a I, business. A meeting of colonial governors, for the purpose of arranging the confederation, implies not only the hearty concurrence of home authorities, but something like an approximation to agreement on the many details which are likely to set conflicting interests by the ears. In all probability, however, the con- ference of governors has been summoned only with the view of bringing the question as speedily as may be before the legislative bodies of the different colonies; for it is certain that, up to a fortnight before the date of the telegram, nothing more had been achieved than a general agreement among the leading politicians of the several communities that union would be extremely de- sirable if only satisfactory terms could be. arranged. The real difficulty in all such matters lies in the adjustment of details; but, though we must not rate the first preliminaries at more than their true value, it is important to observe a conoiliatory disposition on the part of the delegates of the rival colonies which promises to smooth the path to the desired revolu- tion. All the broad considerations are obviously in favour of the change, and the ultimate success of the project will mainly depend on a disposition to subor- dinate local jealousies to the achievement of a really great purpose. It is a great step gained at starting, that, whatever differences of opinion may exist as to the terms on which the provinces could equitably be merged into one considerable country, the evil conse- quence3 of separation are felt on all bands, so much !so that this very movement for a complete federation1 has grown out of two distinct a-gitations-one for a, more intimate political organisation of Upper and Lower Canada, and the other for the consolidation of the maritime provinces of British North America. Two such projects could scarcely go on side by side without bringing into fresh prominence. the floating idea, which has long been latent in the colonial mind, of a great British confederation powerful enough to hold its own even against such a neighbour as the United States.—Saturday Review. THE IRISH VICEROYALTY.—Speculation on the sub- ject of the Government of Ireland is necessarily very vague. The object of the statesmen of this country, who have not the courage of their convictions, is to keep all the Irish questions and difficulties in what the chemists call "a state of mechanical suspension," until it pleases Providence ahd the quarrels of the Irish themselves, to settle, or rather to quash them. But apart from the appeal which the condition of Ire- land makes to a conscientiousstatesmal1 in such aposi- ,tion is that of Viceroy, with its utterly unprecedented and absurdly anomolous ecclesiastical arrangements, its disordered agrarian system, its emigration, that has now become a wasting epidemic-apart from these there is the conduct of the Administration. In Ire- land, the Administration has a degree of influence that almost inconceivable in iingland. or bcotiana. AS ill he Government will not undertake to settle the great auses of schism and of discontent, each of these is f( Liade to cast its baleful shadow on the "least adminis- y rative act, or the smallest appointment that comes ei mder the control of the Castle. Now the Castle p tas latterly had a Camarilla inside of the Council. n Che officer, who was formerly called the Chief Secre- t( ary to the Lord Lieutenant, has of late years generally g sndeavoured to translate his title into that of Secretary F or Ireland, and to oust the more dignified office of the c Viceroy of as much of its influence and authority as c ie could. Thus the evil of an Administration, which n vas precluded from attending to its true duties by a inch foregone conclusions, as that the Irish Church a Establishment must be maintained for the sake of the j, English Church Establishment, or that the relations r, >f the Irish landlord and tenant must, even if by f, process of mortification and gangrene, come to t -esemble those of the English landlord and tenant- p ;he evil, we say, of this Administration was aggra- p rated by its division into two Juntas. Lord Carlisle's 0 ines have not been laid in pleasant places lately. His irst Viceroyalty was pithily described by his Chief 1 Secretary, Mr. Horsman—"Lord Carlisle does the State, Larcom does the work, I hunt." Mr. Cardwell, g though he had a seat in the Cabinet, was also only too anxious not to stir the stagnant pools of Camerina. Here were two competent ministers, who simply shirked their duty. But after the reign of Hugger £ Mugger came the reign of Helter Skelter; and there was* the Junta of the Lord Lieutenant, the Lord Chancellor, and the Attorney-General against the j Junta of the Chief Secretary, Mr. Justice Keogh, and j the Solicitor-General. After many scandals, this, too, j has come to an end; and the great question at present for people, who know how affairs are managed at the Castle, is whether Lord Wodehouse will allow himself to be blarneyed by Judge Keogh, and bullied by Sir i Robert Peel. The first task of the new Viceroy will £ be to invent a plausible fallacy of a kind calculated^ to account for his finding himself at the head of a nation j in a state of disintegration, and rapidly sinking into the condition of a piscicultural establishment for the mere purpose of swarming a colony or filling the gaps in an American draft. The formula of the late Lord- Lieutenant plainly put, amounted to the proposition that "it is the duty of every Irishman to go to America in order to make room for a bullock." But the agricultural returns, unfortunately, show that wealth even in live stock does not necessarily accumu- late in the ratio at which men decay. There is an in- crease in horned cattle on the entire year of 113,078; but the emigration for the seven months ending on the 31st of July amounted to 84,586 souls. The decrease of cultivation on cereal, crops amounted to the enormous extent of 122,437 acres; and in green crops there is also a decrease, though it is but slight. The large quantity of flax that was planted (82,761 acres) enables the Registrar-General, nevertheless, to draw a favburable balance; and Lord Carlisle, were he in a condition to attend the Ballinasloe Fair, or the next Lord Mayor's banquet, would doubtless show from Mr. Donnelly's figures that the prosperity of the country bears a. precise proportion to what ordinary people might suppose to be its poverty. Will Lord Wodehouse find out a formula of this sort for commu- nication with the people whom he is supposed to govern? Lord Carlisle's formula has worn out him- self and the patience of the people to whom it was addressed. Is there any more ingenious absurdity possible for Lord Wodehouse ? Or will he content himself with doing the hunting as well as the State, and leave the work and the jobbing to the Secretary and his clique r—Tablet. DISTRESS IN THE COTTON DISTRICTS,—A note of warning has been sounded by the Central Executive Committee at Manchester that the distress in the cotton districts which considerably subsided during July and August, may assume again formidable pro- portions during the next few months. This was naturally to be expected, for, as Mr. Gladstone said at Bolton on the day that the returns were published, it is impossible to escape from a disturbance so vast as the cotton industry has undergone without suffering great inconvenience on the way.- "A man cannot throw off a virulent disease," remarked the Chancellor of the Exchequer, "without finding that the road of return to health is rough and uneasy, and that in the I very process of cure much secondary Buffering must be borne." Possibly there may ba a slight relapse or two, and it would appear that one of tfese is now being experienced in Lancashire. It would seem, how- ever, that the. increase in the number of the unem- ployed operatives,.has been caused not so much by the cessation of out-door labour, which was plen- tiful during the summer, as by a diminution of employment afforded by the mills. In August there were 299,229 cotton operatives working full time, but last month that number was reduced to 212,520, thus showing, a diminution in one month of_ 86,709.. As some- compensation, however, for this very large reduction, nearly half the people who were struck off the full-time lists were added to the short-time lists, the exact number of the in- crease being 42,973; such being the difference between 59,074, who were working short time in August, and 102,047 who were so employed in September. From this it would appear that ".43,736 cotton operatives ¡ were altogether thrown out of employ between the [ months of August and September; but as the Execu- tive Committee report the increase in the utimber,of those thrown out of work during that period to be 37,725, it follows that about 6,000 of the operatives must have been provided with employment in other ways. During the same month there was an increase of 9,316 in the number of persons receiving relief from boards of guardians and district relief com- mittees. The committee forebore to express an opinion as to the causes of the commercial embar- rassment which these figures plainly indicate, but we presume they are to be found partly in the deficient supply of cotton and its consequent high price, and partly in the still glutted condition of the market for cotton goods. These causes will yet be in operation for some time, and will give rise to "great fluctuation in the amount of mill work during the winter months. Notwithstand- ing this temporary pressure, it is cheering to contrast the existing state of affairs with that which prevailed when the distress was at its highest point in the winter of 1862-63. Such a view of the question may well re- assure us as to the prospects of the future, for though the diminution of employment throughout the ap- proaching winter may be very considerable, it cannot produce a tithe of the distress which has been experi- enced. There seems to be some opening for improve- ment in the application of the Public Works Act, and the difficulty which the contractors generally make in employing able-bodied operatives, capable of being put to out-of-door work, will, it is to be hoped, be over- come. As the funds at the disposal of the General Committee will require to be. husbanded with ex- treme caution, not only are the District Committees enjoined to exercise the utmost vigilance in their ex- penditure, but the several corporations and local boards- are also admonished that they must make "increased exertions to place factory operatives on public works," and to utilise all other resources at their com- mand to meet the distress. This kind of relief is ca- pable of considerable extension, and what Mr. Rawlin- son, the Government engineer, said on the subject in his report was highly satisfactory and reassuring.— The Press.
OUR MISCELLANY. The difference between" tweedledum and tweedledee is this-one is written with more ease e's) than the other. Irish Politeness.—Two ladies and Mr. Thad- deus O'Grady were conversing of age, when one of them put the home question, Which of us do you- think is the elder?'" "Sure," replied the gallant Irishman, "you both look younger than each other." An Old Friend.- Lyndhurst came up to me among A titled and untitled throng, And after a few words were said About the living and the dead Whom we had known together more Than half a century before, He added," Faith f your choice was best Amid the woods to build a nest. But why so seldom wing it down To look at us who toil in town ?" Would you change place with me ?" said I. To this a laugh was a reply. —"Heroic Idyls," by W. 8. Landor. Travelling in Amerièá.Myluggage was put Bog-ether, got into the omnibus, and sent away to the ferry, where we cross the Hudson to Hoboken, and mter the rail. On alighting from the omnibus we found a man standing with an armful of leather straps, from which were suspended tin labels, with stamped numbers. He inquired, Is this your portmanteau ?" "Yes." "This your carpet-bag ?" "Yes." "Where for?" "Philadelphia." He fastened on a strap with the suspended label, and gave the passenger one similar, without the strap..The luggage was tbea placed on a van destined for that city, and we bad no,, more to think of till our arrival. Having gained the termini, a man accosted us with, "What hotel are you going to?" "The Mansion House," I reply; "Mr. Head's." "Any luggage P" "Yes." "Givemeyonr checks. Walk on. All right." We handed him the checks, and proceeded to the hotel, where Mr. Head met us at the door, and said, "Your luggage has arrived, sir. You will find it in No. 15, second floor," and that was all the trouble we experienced in a. journey of nearly 300 miles. We found fraqusnt. refreshment on the road—say every twenty-five or forty miles-hot oysters, pigs' fest, bullfrogs, fried' terapins, hot corn bread, &c.; and plenty of news- papers were exchanged by the passengers as one train passed another.—Musical and Personal Recollections of H. Phillips. Story of a Cornish Boy.—The storms from the Atlantic break with great faryupen the coast of Corn- wall. There was a solitary inn, upon a cold, exposed spot in a hamlet on a cliff near the sea; one dark evening a tremendous storm of wind, thunder, and lightning rocked the houses to their foundations; there was but one little inn, the mistrssso.f which wag the oracle of the hamlet. The frightened cottagers all left their own homes and ran tb the inn, the walls of which were substantial, and with such an oracle as tha land- lady they could not but be safer there! The storm increased in fury, and terror was upon every face; at length it was proposed some one should read prayers, and a lad of all work, in the service of the landlady, was told to go upstairs and fetch the prayer-book. He was the only one of the party who could read tolerably. The lad obeyeo, and, on opening the book, all the party fell upon their knees. The boy began, and read on for a little time uninterruptedly, until he came to the words, and his man Friday," when the mistress called out, "Why, Jan, thee art reading 'Robinson Crusoe!' Being piqued at the interrup- tion, the boy replied, An' if I be, missis, I "spow Robinson Crusoe' will keep away the thunder as well as the other book!" There were but two books-the prayer-book and De;Foe's novel—in the hcuse, and Jan. in his hurry,, had brought the wrong one.- Yesterday and To Day. >' pA Strange and Startling Story.-In the town of North Walsham, Norfolk, 1788, the "Fair Peni- tent" was performed. In the last act, where Calisttt lays her hand on the skull, a Mrs. Berry, who played 'the part, was seized with an involuntary shuddering, and fell on the stage. During.the night her illness continued; but the following day, when sufficiently re- covered to converse, she sent for the stage-keeper, and' anxiously inquired where he procured the skull. He replied, from the sexton, who informed him it was the skull of one Norris, a player, who; twelve years before, was buried in the graveyard. That same Norris was her first husband. She died in, six weeks. Possessed of considerable psychometric power, she recognised the influence proceeding from the skull, and the recog- nition produced such a terrible shock that her death was the consequence. Getting Fat on Sugar.—Mr. J. J. Mechi con- firms the statement of Mr, Banting that sugar pro- duces corpulency. He says Some time before that gentleman published his case I found myself getting- too aldermanic,' in spite of severe exercise. Hearing. casually that a very stout lady had diminished to gen- teel proportions by leaving off sugar in her tea and coffee, I followed her example, and found that I had E lost 141b. weight in six weeks-very much to my com* 3 fort. The quantity of sugar I usually consumed was 3 under Itoz. daily. As I much prefer my tea and ooffee ? sweetened, I again ventured moderately, and gooir gained 71b.; so now I regulate my weight principally s by the use or discontinuance of sugar. The ready t solubility of this saccharine matter permits it to be t absorbed immediately by the system. I hope that my ,s agricultural friends who wish to farm profitably by 8 the rapid fattening of their cattle and other live stock, It will take the hint. The scarcity of roots this season j will render the use of treacle, sugar pods, linseed, and other saccharine and oleaginous substances absolutely 6 necessary, mixed with straw, chaff, or bulky sub- .e stances."
THE COURT. THE Court is still held at Balmoral. The Queen takes Iter usual walks and drives in tho vidnifcy, and her Majesty is enjoying her acoast°naea hea.th. THERE IS an on dit that the Royal Alfred war vessel Alfred.' just launched is destined to be commanded by Prince A1?GLETTER from the Times' correspondent dated Elsinore, October 11, says To-<?ay the firot indica- tions of an intention on the part of members of the Rova-l family to turn their steps speedily homeward exhibited themselves in the despatch to Travemunde, en 'route for Balmoral, of the' infant Prince Albert Victor. The embarkation was conducted in the most private manner, the crew of the yacht wearing their ordinary blue shirts, and not the white dress of state occasions, and the marines not appearing upon deck at all. The guns of Kronborg fort were silent; and, except for the Royal servants in waiting upon the pier, who came with the three carriages from Fredensborg, the departure might have been that of any ordinary steamer. Such luggage as was requisite for the journey had been sent on board about one o clock; and at two precisely Dr. Sieveking, who goes to Eng- land in charge of the baby, took up his position at the foot of the gangway, with an officei of the Eng- lish and another of the Danish Royal household in order to hand out from the second carriage. Lady De Grev and Ripon, m whose arms the mlant Prince was resting. 'Mrs. Walters, the^ -d two servants followed; and this constituted the entire retinue of the youngest member of the English Royal Family. The little Prince wore a round straw hat, with blue edging and a white feather, a white lace collar round, his neck and a wide blue mantle with three or four rows of braid, trimmed at the bottom with deep white lace. Always a quiet, even-tempered child, it gave no indication of being either asleep or awake, but was carried below to the warm cabin by its nurse, into whose arms it had been transferred when leaving the carriage, lhe men drew up in line respectfullv to let it pass, and lifted their hats as it went by. This was the only piece of ceremony. 'Mr. Taylor, the English Consul^ with one or two other gentlemen, went on board and paid their respects very briefly, and then Captain Bower, R.N., took his station on the paddle- box, the yacht's head was gob round, an operation of considerable nicety in a narrow harbour such as. Elsinore, and, by half-past two o'clock, the Osborne was on her way to Travemunde, the bathing-place and nearest point of deep blue water to the city of Lubeck. To that town a river winds, which is navigable for smaller vessels, but not for those of the tonnage of the Eoyal yacht. On arriving at Travemunde a change into a smaller steamer will, accordingly, be necessary, unless a drive of some ten miles byroad should be considered prefer- able. From Lubeck to Hamburg, as already stated, the Journey by railway will. be easy, and will be con- tinued to Gluckstadt, a town on tho right bank of the river Elbe, where the Salamis will be in waiting to receive the prince, Lady de Grey, Dr. Sieveking, and the attendants, and to take them across to Hull. Here, according to the time of their arrival, a special, or, if it should happen to correspond with their arrangements, the ordinary train will .take on the Royal- to Balmoral."