I FASHIONS FOR OCTOBER. The favourite colours for the season are red and yellow. Hitherto there has been some prejudice against red, but it certainly now reigns triumphant; and it has one advan- tage, that it is becoming to almost all complexions. The bottom of the skirts cut in festoons are still fashionable. They are made rather short, and below the festoons is a plaited bias flounce, which gives width to the skirt, and forms a train. The flounce is usually quite plain. When trimmed, it is with an insertion of lace. The festoons should be edged or trimmed either with plaiting, lace, frins-e, &c. Sometimes trimmings are placed from the centre of each festoon a few inches up the skirt, or even to the waist. The wide sash, tied behind, is still worn with both silk and ball dresses. For day or demi-toilette, the long and wide black sash is generally preferred, even with a white or light-coloured dress. Plaid or striped taffetas are also worn with black, grey, or violet dresses. The sash to match the dress is equally d la mode. It is fastened in front by a large gold or silver buckle. Organdi dresses, also. have coloured sashes, if the body is not made with long basques d'habit. There are some charming dresses of this kind. The body, entirely separated from the skirts, permits of variety in the toilette; for, as a change, a cachemire or taffetas veste may be worn, instead of the body like the dress. Cachemire collets continue in favour. We do not speak merely of the original shape, embroidered and trimmed with guipure, but of a very small collet, trimmed with two rows of cachemire braid, rather wide, and placed so as to form one wide band. This trim- ming is put all round, and at the bottom a black Thibet fringe. The fastening consists of a double orna- ment of chased silver. This model, made in white, would form a very pretty sortie de bal. Although it is rather too early to speak very decidedly about winter fashion, we can inform our readers that numbers of mantles are being made in armure and gros-grain silk, with trimmings of velvet and passementerie; and that the paletot make, as formerly, will be much adopted. Upon silk mantles some- times the trimming is put on, so as to imitate the basque. Wide bands of velvet edged with hanging buttons, or or scalloped. The velvet, after forming revers in the front is put round the bottom, and carried up the seam. White and black Thibet fringe is much used; when very wide it is placed on the bottom of mantles, or on skirts; when narrow, it is used to trim bodies or vestes. There is a very pretty little fringe suitable for the latter purposes; it is double, and divided by a very narrow cachemire galon. Embroidered dresses will be much worn next winter. The designs, imitating lace, will be very recherchd Black is always preferable, and should be rich poult de soie-the pattern being in violet, blue, or even red. The fashion of wearing vests by no means diminishes; on the contrary, guimpes and waistcoats are quite the order of the day. For the autumn the pique is often replaced by one of white taffetas, half open down the front, so as to show a jabot of lace. Long sashes of black or white lace are made very wide, and over a muslin or silk dress form an exceedingly pretty finish to a toilette. They are doubly useful, for they can be employed as head-dresses also. Amongst the following dresses will be found some great novelties :-A dress of white Cliambery gauze, with pink spots wide apart. Two little flounces, gauffered and edged at top and bottom with black lace. Between the two flounces is a wide insertion of lace. The dress has a rounded train. High body, ornamented with insertion. Narrow sleeves, with insertion up the seams and backs of the arms. Wide sash of black lace, very long, widening towards the ends and pointed. The head-dress is charming; it consists of a little pouff of pink and red geraniums, attaching a lace catalane, resting upon the back hair. Skirt of white silk striped with pink; a flounce at the bottom of the skirt' edged with pink. Dress of white linos cui in scallops, edged with pink silk. The dress is drawn up at equal distances all round. Low body. Lace berthe, trimmed with ruches of silk. Wide band of white and pink striped ribbon. Gold buckle in front. Coiffure a catalane of blonde mixed with roses. Skirt of black silk, trimmed with a plaited flounce edged with white. Over this, drawn up, was one of white linos, striped with black. Casaque habit of black silk, very full, with long skirt. Another very pretty morning dress was of white foulard, with black lozenge-shaped spots. Double skirt: the under one trimmed with a plaited flounce of scarlet taffetas, edged with the white foulard. The over- skirt of the same, open in front, and trimmed with a band of scarlet silk cut in pcallops, and edged with foulard. The upper-skirt is fastened in front with large buttons covered with scarlet silk. Wide sash of scarlet silk tied behind. Many dresses this autumn are made with one wide flounce" crossways, about a quarter of a yard wide. This has a very good effect, especially in striped materials. In this sty Ie was a dress of black silk, with satin stripes, very fine, of a rich violet. The flounce edged with a quilling of violet. The bottom of the skirt, which reached below the flounce, was cut in scallops, and edged to match the flounce. Senorita jacket, trimmed to match. There is little variation in the shape of bonnets. They are still small, and close to the face; without curtains, or with curtains about an inch in width. Dust-coloured crape, mixed with velvet, will be very fashionable this autumn — Le Follet.
The Englishman and His Pie.—Free trape with foreign nations has made, and is still making, considerable progress, and it is certainly curious to see towns subjected to the strictest protection, whilst the frontiers are being epened up. Some English gen- tlemen (says a. Paris correspondent) went down to the races at Roubaix the other day, and one, with the caution of his countrymen, and fearing that Roubaix might not be able to afford subsistence to a large influx of visitors, took with him a meat pie In going into the town he was charged fifteen sous, and as he, left the place with his pie untouched the money. was returned to him. He passed then through another town, where the pie was again taxed at one gate and the tax refunded at another, and finally he returned to Paris, where he paid the octroi duty, and ""here it is to be hoped he was allowed to eat his pie in p .30. returned to Paris, where he paid the octroi duty, and -riere it is to be hoped he was allowed to eat his pie in p .30.
Substitutes for Hay. The probable scarcity of hay in the forthcoming winter has induced the Agricultural Gazette to publish their correspondents' views upon the best substitutes for it. One gentleman says that The use of gorse is not yet sufficiently understood; otherwise, where practicable, it is the most economical of all fodder. From my experience of it I should say,' So much gorse given, so much hay saved.' This is only true when it is properly prepared, so that there is no waste of the material itself or of muscular power in the animals endeavouring to reduce it to a proper state by pro- longed mastication. I send you a pamphlet by this post, illustrative of the machine I have invented, and of its usefulness. In it I have not mentioned the cost of the furze when prepared, because that must vary according to circumstances. In no case can it exceed '20s. a ton. In my own case I never found it exceed 10s., although I had to get the gorse out by hand off hedge-rows. Others have had it done much cheaper, especially when it is mowed in what are termed furze meadows. The workers must be provided with proper appliances, such as gloves, hooks, &c. I have never found any difficulty in getting any animal to eat it excepting sheep, which are very whimsical about it. When snow is on the ground they eat it eagerly. Cows will eat it anywhere, in the house or on the grass. Last winter there was a good deal of corre- spondence in the Times about this subject. I wrote twice to the editor in answer to queries, but he did not condescend to insert my letters, although he pub- lished several very little to the purpose." Another correspondent recommends linseed mixed with straw. He says :—" In the too probable scarcity of food for stock-masters during the coming winter and spring, it may be of great public utility that I make known a recipe once given me by a grazier, and which, when I kept two or three cows in a stable, I put to full and satisfactory proof. By the help either of this or of the waste from the kitchen, mixed with a small quantity of bran and wheat straw, I was saved the necessity during twelve years of cow-keeping of buy- ing a single truss of hay. And during one winter, when hay was selling at X6 a ton, and when it cost the farmers and milkmen 12s. a week for each cow, my two cows together, with straw at 30s., cost me only 9s. a week; and they were in better condition than any in the place, and gave as much milk as any. Let a peck of whole linseed be steeped for 48 hours in 54 gallons of cold water, and let this be occasionally stirred, and at the end of that time the water will be thickened, my informant said, to the consistency of arrowroot. I must say, however, that his arrowroot must have been rather thin. Still, so much of the oily and glutinous matter escapes into the water, that, if you wish to warm it, boiling, because of the froth raised, is out of the question. I cannot, however, see any need of boiling or even simmering it. My opinion is that if those 54 gallons thus saturated be mixed with a quarter of a ton of straw, or even half a ton, it will make it equal to the best hay. My informant stated that he and the man who taught him had some- times fatted a bullock, when put up in pretty good condition, with no other food than this. Can it be that the nutritious and fattening particles are extracted in so fine a form that the system of the animal imme- diately takes them up, and thus derives from them full and immediate benefit; whereas a vast portion of the oil-cake and coarse barley-meal commonly given passes through the animal in an undigested form ?"
Tetanus in Horses and the Turkish Bath. The celebrated veterinary surgeon, Mr. Lupton, has forwarded the following interesting communication to bhe Field, which we give for the benefit of those who have horses under their care:- The following letter on the cure of tetanus by the ise of the Turkish bath has recently appeared in the Doric Constitution: Ballincollig Barracks, Sept. 10, 1864. Sir,—I beg to mention, through your columns, a case of unusual interest in veterinary matters which has occurred to me while quartered here. A squadron of the 10th Hussars arrived here on the 25th of July, and on the 30th of the same month I was sent for to see one of the horses, which was reported unwell. I found it labouring under the disease called tetanus or 'locked jaw,' and on inquiry found this was the fourth, case which, occurred in. the regiment "within a very short period; the three previous having ter- minated fatally. I at once determined to try the Turk- ish Bath, and had the animal immediately led to Mr. Olden's hospital. The result of the first bath was almost entire relaxation of all spasm, so much so that the animal, which with difficulty arrived at the bath, walked home with ease and freedom. It went on progressing for a fortnight, when a relapse occurred, with all the distressing symptoms of this terrible disease in their worst form. The bath was now re- sorted to twice in twenty-four hours. In fact, through the great kindness of Mr. Olden, the horse remained in his stables under his personal superintendence, and this time resulted in establishing a complete recovery. "I may add that medical treatment, such as is usual, was also resorted to; and when one considers the number of fatal cases (in fact, the disease is almost always fatal), I cannot help thinking the bath was the sole element of success in the treatment of this case, as it at once produced the relaxation of the spasm, without which it would not have been possible for the animal to recover; and I think too much praise cannot be awarded to Mr. Olden, as the first veterinary sur- geon in Ireland, who added the bath to the other remedial agents in a veterinary hospital, the value of which, in scientific hands, has been so signally proved in this case; and through these columns 1 beg to thank Mr. Olden for the valuable assistance he gave me; and I feel sure, under a thoroughly scientific man, with the aid of the bath, this usually fatal disease is shorn of the greater part of its fatality. The horse is at present as well as ever, in the Government paddock at Ballincolliff. "JOHN BOLTON HALL, # M.R.C.V.S., &c., V.S. Royal Artillery." Tetanus is of two kinds, viz., idiopathic and trau- matic, the former being a disease of primary occur- rence, whereas the latter occurs as the result of injury. In both instances the symptoms are similar, and con- sist in violent muscular spasm, which may pervade the body generally or only partially. For example, the jaw may be affected when the muscles of the throat and neck are alone implicated, and the disease locked jaw is obtained, or other parts locally may become in- volved in this fatal malady. Tetanus, both idiopathic and traumatic, is caused by some injurious impression made upon the nervous system by depressing it. Idiopathic tetanus is conse- quent upon the effect of cold, after a burst with hounds, a hard day on the road, or standing for hours in the streets. Visceral and cerebal affections also sometimes terminate with this malady. Traumatic or symptomatic tetanus occurs as the result of mechanical injury, usually inflicted by blunt instruments or impediments, and rarely supervenes as the result of surgical operations. Post-mortem appearances often exhibit no change from unhealthy state, yet sometimes the brain and spinal-cord and lungs bear marks of inflammation, and the blood-vessels, especially the surface ones, exhibit signs of congestion. Treatment.—In this malady constipation is con- stantly present, therefore strong purgative medicine, consisting of aloes, and, in some instances, of powdered croton-seed must be exhibited; but unfortunately sometimes the spasm, of the jaw is so intense as to prevent the opening of the jaws, in which case it will be necessary to send for a veterinarian in order that he mayadminister medicine-not stimulating—through the nostrils. Strychnine, nitrate of silver, &c., have been prescribed, but all treatment should consist in overcoming the patent symptoms and keeping the subject of them as quiet as possible. In addition to the above, in traumatic tetanus, the excision of the lips of the wounded part has been strongly advised by eminent surgeons and practised with success but ex- perience proves that few cases of tetanus, the result of injury, recover, whereas those of a primary origin constantly do, 'and for this reason it would be in- teresting to learn from Mr. Hall whether the case recorded by him was one of traumatic or idiopathic tetanus. No doubt the Turkish bath exerts a beneficial influence in relaxing muscular tissue, and consequently, is highly useful in the treatment of the malady under notice, as the removal of the spasm is the sole object of our treatment.
TOPICS OF THE WEEK. -+- THE PRINCE AND PRINCESS OF WALES IN DEN- MARK.—The good people of Denmark have accorded a hearty welcome to his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. Not only has he met with an enthusiastic reception from the rustic population in proximity to the Royal residences, but the gentry and populace of Copenhagen have made the walls of their theatre and the thoroughfares of their streets to re-echo in his honour with loud shouts of congratulation and good- will. This is just what might have been expected. It would have been strange tidings to English ears that any other sentiments save those of affection and respect could have prevailed towards a youthful prince so well esteemed in his own country, and so honoured alike as a guest and relative by the sovereign of Den- mark. What! though the policy of England had been disappointing to their country, and their ex- pectations of material aid had not been realised, yet would it have been contrary to the spirit of a chivalrous and patriotic people to have refused their homage to a Royal visitor whose sympathies were in unison with their own. Denmark is herself sufficiently versed in the experience of a Constitutional Government to be enabled to separate the policy of the State from the person of the Ruler, and her capital would be the last place in which to anticipate the mistake of visiting on a prince totally irresponsible any temporary indig- nation at the supposed shortcoming of a nation. If any fears on this score ever existed they have been totally dissipated by the result. The Prince and Princess of Wales have won to themselves all hearts and voices. All ranks and classes in Denmark have vied with each other in doing honour to the popular husband of a Princess Royal of whom they are justly proud.-The Press. THE BANTING SYSTEM.—Mr. Banting rejoices that Dr. Edward Smith has brought the subject of diet before the British Association, and that the Times has written a leader upon it, for all this will lead to the ventilation of his system, and will elicit proofs of the great benefit to be derived from it. He is de- lighted to find how it occupies public attention. His pamphlet has gone through several editions; he has hundreds of written reports (we presume from persons who have tried his system), and he has full permission to publish many far more interesting and extraordinary cases than his own-though that was almost miracu- lous!" From the experience he has thus gained he lays down three propositions:—1st. That it is not the quantity but the quality of the food that is the great question to be studied in cases of undue corpulence. 2nd. That in every case, without exception, in which his system has been tried, and where parties have carefully weighed themselves at starting, the greatest amount of reduction-varying in some cases from 41b to 81b.—has taken place within the first forty-eight hours. 3rd. That sugar and saccharine matters are the main causes of undue corpulence; and he adds after these experiments, that five ounces of loaf sugar, spread over seven days' consumption, will increase his weight above lib. at the end of the week. Like all discoverers, Mr. Banting feels that he has been badly used :—" Many reports have been circulated, most painful and dis- tressing to me, of ridiculous interviews with exalted persons of my illness from adopting the system, and of my death in consequence; but all such reports are utterly false. I have little doubt that other painful and annoying reports of the illness and death of others are equally so; but a very short time will prove these facts, and those persons who have for some unwarrant- able reason, or possibly mercenary pretext, put them forth, will be conscience-punished, if not utterly ashamed." A man who has derived such benefits from his own system should be above noticing the inven- tions of enemies. That there is some truth in his system, a very considerable truth, there is no doubt, and thr¡re can be nothing more moderate than the confidence he claims for it and for himself. I do not profess," he says, "to have a grain of knowledge of the physiological reasons for the extraordinary results of the system, nor can I presume to reason upon any point beyond my own individual experience, which alone is my sheet anchor, but am satisfied tho system is not unworthy notice; that it is only yet in infancy, but is on the fair road to maturity, and I believe fixed laws will be engendered to rule in many cases of afflic- tion through proper dietary that will be truly beneficial to humanity."—London Review. THE WAR IN NEW ZEALAND.—A difficulty appears to have arisen in regard to the treatment of rebels captured in war. A certain number of Maeris, some of them men of influence, have been taken prisoners. Of course, upon this the difficulty arose with which the Americans have had to grapple. In what capacity were they to be treated? Were they to be bellige- rents or rebela ? The obvious course was to treat them as prisoners of war. But it would have been perfectly legal, though excessively inhuman, to treat them as rebels, and try them for high treason. It was quite clear, however, that they must fall under one or other of these categories. The governor, accordingly, has for some time been urging upon his responsible advisers to come to a decision as to the course to be taken with them. If they were declared prisoners of war, they would, of course, be kept in confinement till the end of the war, but would otherwise be preserved harmless. If they were to be treated as rebels, they had a right, as British subjects, to an immediate trial. But the New Zealand Ministers will adopt neither course. They will not bring them to trial before the ordinary courts, because a verdict might be difficult to obtain in a community where opinions are much divided. But neither will they declare them prisoners of war, because they wish to hold theirpossible fate iii. terror em over their relatives who are fighting upon the Maori side. The only compromise to which they will consent is to bring the prisoners to trial before a military court selected by themselves. The governor, on the other hand, in- sists that the uncertainty in which the natives are kept as to the probable fate of these men is having the worst possible effect. It is generally supposed among the Maoris that the prisoners will be hung; and the Maoris are, consequently, neither giving nor asking quarter, under the impression that to surrender themselves priseners of war would merely be to ex- change a death upon the field of battle for a death upon the gallows. There the matter rests at present. The governor in vain urges a more legal course. The ministers—whose servant he, in one letter, bitterly observes that he is-prefer to retain with the Maoris the credit of intending an internecine war, though they know very well that they will not be allowed to carry it out. The last phase of the question is, that Mr. Caxdwell has written a very strong and decided dispatch supporting the Governor, and authorising him to disregard the opinions of his advisers upon these matters. As the war is fought with British troops and British money, all matters of policy which have a direct bearing upon the conduct of it must be decided by British authority. The further develop- ment of the dispute is still unknown to us, but the effect of it may not improbably be to explode the absurdity of responsible Government in a country like New Zealand.—Saturday Review.
THE AMERICAN PLATFORMS. The^ Croydon (American) Democrat publishes the following platform arranged to suit all parties. The first column is the Secession platform, the second is I the Abolition platform and the whole read together is the Democratic platform. The platform is like the Union—as a whole it is Democratic, but divided, one half is Secession and the other Abolition:- Hurrah for The old Union Secession Is a curse '101' We fight for The constitution The Confederacy Is a league with hell We love Free speech The rebellion Is treason We glory in A free press Separation Will not be tolerated We fight not for The negroes' freedom Reconstruction Must be obtained We must succeed At every hazard The Union We love We love not The negro We never said Let the Union slide We want The Union as it was Foreign intervention Is played out We cherish The old flag The stars and bars Is a flaunting lie We venerate The habeas corpus Southern chivalry Is hateful Death to Jeff. Davis Abe Lincoln Isn't the Government Down with Mob law Law and order Shall triumph
An ingenious Englishman was permitted to try some experiments at the gas-works at Malines last week, the most successful of which was the sudden appearance throughout the city of a beautiful clear red light, which threw around rays of the most bril- liant description. It is said that by the addition to the gasometer of some chemical salts, an increase of light and changes of colour can be instantaneously produced.
Photographic Fun, In this metre absurd one Charles Mathews I've heard Tell the whole of a vision seraphic-seraphic; But his jumble's not near so eccentric and queer As the ones in the shops photographic—ographic. There's Mr. John Hullah is shouldering Muller, And Spurgeon at Patti is leering-is leering; Pam and Blondin hob-nob, and the best of the job Is that Dizzy at Blondin is sneering-is sneering. There's Lincoln so grim, and Paul Bedford next him; And Lord John and Tom Thumb as a pair, sir-a, pair, sir. There's Mr. Bellew and one Homer, who's a do; Dr. Cumming, and Stella the fair, sir-the fair, sir. The great Newman Hall beside Buckstone looks small; Lydia Thompson appears to be winking-be winking At Bishop Colenso (the fun is intense, oh), And Lord Ward at Miss Rainham stands blinking— stands blinking. Henry Neville, Lord Grey, and Sir Landseer, R.A., All eye Garibaldi, that great man-that great man. The Duke of Argyll seems on Heenan to smile, And Sketchley is ogling Miss Bateman-Miss Bate- man. I could run through a score of such sights, if not more,. Which to art photographic we owe, sir-we owe, sir; For unless you are used you'll be sadly confused By celebrities all in a row, sir-a row, sir. With such thoughts in your head you'll be going to bed, Where instead of a vision seraphic-seraphic, Your sick fancies will breed a strange olla podrida From the windows of shops photographic—ographic!
A Fact Funnily Figured Forth. The Mayor of New York had a daughter, Who tumbled one day in the water, In the port of New York, Up and down like a cork She bobbed until somebody caught her. For a naval United States officer, As soon as his coat he can doff, is her Saver, and bears To the yacht's gangway stairs. Don't you think him deserving a trophy, sir ? But the Mayor of New York says, says he, Take this for preserving of she." And a cheque the youth collars For ten hundred dollars- How dear the Mayor's daughter must be MERCY, MERCI !—A spring-cart belonging to the Sisters of Mercy, at Liverpool, has knocked down Colonel Tate, the American Consul at that town, and broken both his legs. This is an instance of the balm of the righteous breaking one's head. What right has Mercy in a spring-cart, we should like to know ? It would have detracted somewhat from the beauty of his character if the good Samaritan had run over tha object of his charity before he relieved him. We would suggest that the sisters should select another vehicle for their beneficence, and drive a little more carefully, for we don't in this form desire to have mercy upon us as we are crossing the road or turning a corner. THE ETHNOLOGY OF CAPITULAR BARBARISM.— It is a question for ethnologists on what tribe of bar- barians to affiliate those dignitaries of whose ill-doings in chipping off the surfaces of our Cathedrals we have lately heard so much. Those who flayed St. Bartholo- mew alive are supposed to have been Armenians, and the Saturday declares it an unjust reviling of Genseric to father these modern flayers upon the Vandals .Sir Charles Lyell might connect thorn with his pre-historic skinners of flints, but it is our own conviction that they belong to the Chip-away tribe. RUSSIAN ABSOLUTISM.—" Che Czara, Czara." TRUE.—Those who sow wild oats generally reap a crop of tears." FOR THE CALENDAR.-Moveable feast, not usually set down on any table. A Pic-nic.
WILLS AND BEQUESTS. The will of the Hon. Robert Lethbridge, R.N., formerly of Sydney, New South Wales, afterwards of Southsea, Southampton, and late of West Thurrock, Eomford, Essex, was proved in the London Court by the Rev. Elford C. Lethbridge, of Buckland Mona- chorum, the son, and Mr. John P. Stilwel, of A'rundel- street, Strand, the executors as to the testator's personal estate in Great Britain, Ireland, and elsewhere in Europe; power being reserved to Mr. Philip G. King, of Goono-Goono, near Tamworth, Now South Wales, and tho Rev. R. Lethbridge King, of Para. matta, the general executors. The testator died on the 3rd of June, 1864, having executed his will in 1859, wherein he states that he had conveyed to his sons, John and George, several parcels of land in the colony of New South Wales, together with all the live and dead stock thereon, upon condition of their pay- ing to the testator for his life an annuity of £ 800, and after his decease to pay to his two sons, Thomas and Elford, and his daughter, Harriet Lethbridge, each an annuity of .£100 a year, whom he has ap- pointed residuary legatees. His married daughter, Mrs. King, is to receive an immediate sum of ■ £ 2,500. The will of the Countess Antoinette Sobanska Moszezenska, wife of Joseph Count Moszezenski, of 4, Rue Castellane, Paris, was administered in her Majesty's Court of Probate, London, by her husband, the universal legatee, there being no executor ap- pointed. The will was first registered in Paris, and is translated from the French, and contained in the fol- lowing words :—" This is my will. I bequeath all my entire fortune absolutely, without any exception, to my husband, Count Moszezenski. I revoke all former wills. Done and written entirely with my own hand at Paris fifth August, 1854. Antoinette Sobanska Countess Moszezenska." The personalty in England was sworn under £ 6,000. The will of Lieutenant-Colonel Peter Dunbar, of Westbourne-terraee, Hyde-park, was proved in London under £ 12,000 personalty, the executors nominated being Captain James Barber, 136, Leadenhall-street, and Mr. John Cater, of Rood-lane. The gallant colonel had retired from the Hon. East India Company's ser- vice, and died on the 18th of Jnl y last. To his daughter, Margaret St. Clair Dunbar he leaves his re- sidence, with the furniture, plate, linen, china, pic- tures, books, wines, and household effects; and also bequeaths to her two-thirds of his estate, real and per- sonal, bequeathing the remaining third to his son, Frederick William Dunbar, Bengal Native Infantry.— Illustrated News.
THE CITY OF FLORENCE TO THE CITY OF TURiN. The Gazetta del Popolo, of Florence, publishes the following letter addressed in the name of the city of Florence to the city of Turin on the change of the Italian capital to the former :— Turin, my dear sister, you perchance imagine that I can- not control my pleasure at being made the provisional capi- tal of the Italian Government. If this be a service which I ought to render to the country, why should I not be glad ? That this sacred pledge should have been entrusted to me is a proof that Italy has confidence in me, and that I will re- store it intact when it becomes necessary to convey it to the Capitol. I shall preserve it with faith and that love of which you, my courageous and noble sister, have given me an ex- ample for so many years. But this is not what I wished to speak of it does not befit me to boast; and instead of pro- mising that I shall perform my duty, I prefer to hear it said hereafter that I have done it. What I desire to say is that the sense of your sorrow—a sorrow too legitimate and so diffi- cult to endure—has caused me to share in all your sentiments. No, even though I ambitioned this hoi-iour and God knows if I have sought it- the pleasure of having obtained it would in no degree equal the cruel thought of the sorrow which it must have cost you. Believe me I have not strength to console you. I know you are prepared to make all the sa,crifices which our common country reauires of you, but I know also that resignation does not efface suffering, and yours must be immense. Not that you need fear you will lose any of the affection and respect of your sisters. As long as Italy exists you will be known as La Forte amongst Italian cities, and we shall learn of you how to reject foreign domination. But perhaps you are disconsolate at the pro- spective loss of that royal family which you have loved for so many centuries, and of that King ot whom you were so proud, when, ardent and unconquerable and confident in thee, he went forward to defend the Italian flag. I know nothing of the political or strategical reasons which may have shown the necessity of removing at this time the seat of government to the banks of the Arno, and even if I did this would not be the moment to speak of them. I know- that you are in affliction, and I thought it would not be distasteful if I came forward to share it with you. I do not like to be the last amongst the Italian cities with words of consolation, for it strikes me that soothing language can alone at this moment heal the heart. Be assured the King not be loved less warmly by my children than he was by yours; our love for him and for Italy will become more strong and more indissoluble, and you will see him when, full of endless joy, I shall bear to the Capitol the sacred deposit which you and your sisters have confided to me.
EPITOME OF NEWS The Duke of Saxe-Coburg has sent from Bal- moral the sum of £5 to the German Church in Edinburgh. ■himCaPFera speak of the "sound1 to aJricuiSp^S ,Wh° dSVOteS ihnSel £ entire1^ transports, of 4,000 tons each, are to be 0f t,ro°P3 t0 India< fchrere to be employed on the Suez side and two on the Alexandria side. hundred and seven women are going „„ J0, tate charge of the telegraph wires. "Who are going to take charge of the women ? j, Rothschild has sent two magnificent female ^bornatLa-F^rrieres, to the Jardin d' Accli. matation, on their way to the King of Italy. A lady fcign rank wore a muslin dress at Die:ppe, last week, the laundress's bffl for washing which amounted to It is ruinoured that a clergyman, lately curate of munfon nf%i? ^C^V^.Clift011' has enounced the eom- the Irving-^t^body Church, and has been received into reward for Muller's apprehension k0 ff ke^n ordered to "be divided between the cabman, the jeweller, ™d tfee police, but Mr. Death has declined to accept any portion of it. Snails, it appears, are now eaten at Parisian taverns and public-houses, not in hundreds or in thousands, out in myriads, and gourmets assert that they possess a ueuc&eT, of flavour which. exceeds that of the oyster. The death took place last week, at Bem- bndge, Isle of Wight, of the Rev. J. T. H. Le Mesurier, archdeacon of the Church of England in Malta, and for thirty. four years chaplain of the forces in that island. A rumour has been current for the last day or two at Portsmouth that the Royal Sovereign turret ship 13 ;? oe paid out of commission and placed in the first class c± t-ae "Steam Reserve. Early on Saturday morning one of the num- ber of convicts, while being conveyed by the auxiliary up- mu-i' J"} Scotland to London, jumped from the train, •while art full speed, near Crewe, and was tilled. His legs were foned at the time he made the fatal leap. It is understood that an arrangement has been entered into of an important character between the re- spective^ boards of the Great Eastern and the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Companies, with the view of uniting the two systems. It has often been related as a joke that the best-man iM.s more than once been married, or nearly so, to the bride in error, while the bridegroom was gaping about at the rear of the wedding party. The case did really occur this week aft Great Horton, in Yorkshire. It is computed that there are a million beggars and vagabonds in France. In the comparatively rich department o± the Orne, in Normandy, the Prefect says tnere are above 10,000, though the population, according to the last census, is only 423,350. A curious circumstance occurred at Saltash last week In consequence of there not being a sufficient number of aldermen present at the Saltash Town-hall, on Saturday last, to elect a mayor for the ensuing year, the present mator, J. H. Cook, Esq., is compelled to retain olfcce. The present makes the seventh year of his mayoralty. A frightful catastrophe has recently taken place au Geneva. One of the large houses on the quay, near the grand post office, was burnt to the ground, and thirteen personswhoresidedin it burnt to death. Severalpersonsvho were rendering assistance received injuries, particularly a Surgeon, who had his shoulder dislocated. At the meeting of the Local Marine Board of Liverpool, a valuable sextant was presented, last week, on behalf of her Majesty's Government, to Captain J. Caird, of the ship Bushire, of St. John's, N.B., for his humanity in rescuing the master and crew of the barque Hiawatha, in june,^ 18bj. The crew saved numbered fifteen persons. Highness the Field-Marshal Com- m^nding-m-Chief desires that the Queen's Regulations and Orders for the Army, as to order of precedence, shall be as followsAll officers of Yeomanry and Volunteer corps rank, as juniors of their respective ranks, with officers of the regular, fencible, and militia forces." Mr. and Mrs. Tom Thumb have been confined of a son. Mother and father are doing well. It appears the dear boy is a big one—about the size of a sixpenny doll, at which rate of proceeding he will grow to twice the size of his pa and ma-as tall as the ma on the top of the pa-and be a treasure to Columbia, being every inch a Yankee. A few days ago the Rev. Peter Young, the oldest minister in the .Church of Scotland, expired at Wigtown.. Mr. Young _was born on the 27th January, 1773, and was ordained minister of Wigtown on the 5th September, 1799. He was consequently in the 92nd year of his age, and the 66th of his ministry. A few days ago an Alderney cow, grazing in Baby-park, near Durham, was attacked by a male red deer. The cow endeavoured to defend itself with its horns, but the stag, being the more active animal, got round it, and threw it violently on the ground by means of charging it in the flank. The cow was seriously injured. At the Huntingdon Society's ploughing match, flank. The cow was seriously injured. At the Huntingdon Society's ploughing match, held this year at St. Ives, the champion ploughman's prize I was again won for the Messrs. Ransome by their man Barker, although he had as competitors Messrs. Howard's crack ploughmen, Brown and Purser, one of whom ploughed on each side of Barker's piece of land. The marriage of Miss E. Villiers, daughter of the Hon. Mrs. Edward Yilliers, and niece of the Earl of Claren- don, with Mr. Bulwer Lytton, son of the Right Hon. Sir Edward Bulwer Lytton, M.P., took place on Tuesday at St. Paul s, Knightsbridge. A large and distinguished family circle ware assembled on the occasion. A vehement dispute, in which M. Hall, lately the Danish Prime Minister, takes part, is now going on between the Danish and Swedish press on the question whether Sweden did or did not lead Denmark to expect material assistance during the late war, and afterwards back out of the obligation. The emigration returns of the port of Liverpool are beginning to show a decided falling off. For the quarter ending September 30, 27,496 emigrants, three-fourths of whom were for the United States, left that port, being a decrease of 5,613 compared With the correspondin°- period of last year. D The Army and Navy Gazette says that the recent experiments with shells 'filled with gun-cotton go to prove that, if this formidable material is to be used in rifled guns the rifling must be uniform. In the trials alluded to, the constriction in the Armstrong gun broke up the shells, cessi ] from the smooth-bore gun were all sue- An attempt was made last week to "reform" the Cheadle wakes recently held by turning the assembly into a harvest festival. All Saints' Church was beautifully decorated for the Sunday service with ears of corn and autumnal flowers. Entertainments took place in the school- room during the week. This is the second celebration of the kind at Cheadle, and was most successful. His Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge is taking his holiday the same as other peers. He left Golding Lodge, where the Duke had been visiting the Earl and Countess of Chesterfield, and went to see his mother at Scarborough. Afterwards his Royal Highness proceeded to pass a tew days with Sir George and Lady Julia Wombwell at their seat in Yorkshire. Tne Indian names of some of our new war- vessels (says an American paper) are thus interpreted:- Suwannee, buiialo soup; Shamokin, worn-out pipe; Mus- coota, musk rat; Winnepec, small pig; Ashuelot, burnt bones; Monocacy, sleeping baby; Mahongo, wounded boar None of the above are extremely warlike, especially sleep- ing baby," and worn-out pipe." At the Liverpool Coroner's Court, on Satur- day, an inquest was held on the body of W. H. Corkhill a child twelve monens old, whose parents reside at 15 Mersey-view, Grafton-street, Park. The chitd, on Friday, was playing with some peas, when one stuck in its throat And milled it in two minutes, in spite of all the efforts of the mother. Verdict." Accidentallv chokprl The expenditure of the Ashton-under-Lyne n Relief Committee, for the last week, amounted to o11! ,Pcludss £ 53 6s. for wages in the sewiii" <Ua$ses, <«s. 8u. for children's school-pence, £ 78 10s. 2d for, cut-door renef, £ l, 1/s. for medical relief tickets, £ 3 8s. 6d. for usages and stationery, /5 10s. 5d. for repair of clogs, and « £ l .18s, 6d. for rent. A sluel has just taken place at Pesth between M .Severe Reviezki principal editor of the Pesti Narto, and a M. Nag., when the former received his adversary's ball in The foreuead, and died instantaneously. The deceased was amy twenty- six years of age. The quarrel, which has termi- .na^ed so fatally, commenced three years ago from the most ..trifling cauae. It has .been determined in Paris to raise the ?rt?e of Church-seats two-thirds more, in consequence of lacues taking up two-thirds more space than before, owin<* 9.r,1.nohlle's sway. The matter has been decreed'in a solemn sitting.of a commission from all the Paris ehurches and was a necessary step, owing to decreased space having caused decreased income. ° A new line of railway, from Ashchurch to Evesham, was opened on Saturday. At Ashchurch the line forms a junction ,wif £ j. the Bristol and Birmingham section of the Midland Railway Company, and at Evesham it joins the West Midland section of the Great Western Railway. Ihe district through which the new line passes is purely a.gnculcura.I. and the wording arrangements devolve upon the Midland Company. In the principal corn-growing districts of York- shire the harvest has been generally completed, although both on the Wolds and on the ;moor edges on Friday there was corn cut, and in some places uncut. These, however, were very ungenial positions, sud always late.' On the whole the com has been well gathered in this county The gas.at problem at present with farmers is the price and supply of fodder during the winter. A Canrtds paper says that the Canadian steam- ship Jura, in her last passage from Liverpool to Quebec, had a very narrow escape from the rocks at the Pillars, near the spot where the first steamer Canadian was lost. A heavy fog existed for six days, during which the vessel made no progress. Owing to the skill of Captain Graham, who remaned on watch the entire time, the Jura at last escaped danger, and a vote of thanks to the captain was unanimously passed by the passengers. We are sorry to hear that there has again been an increase during the past week in the number of appli- cants for parochial relief in Manchester, owing to the stop- page, wholly or partially, of several mills in Ancoats and neighbourhood. In Ashton the distress is increasing more rapidly. Four hundred recipients of relief were added to tflae guardians' books during the past week, and it has been found necessary to increase the staff of relieving officials. During the recent gales (says the Manchester Courier) the inhabitants of Aspatria were surprised to ob- serve a dark-looking object attached to the end of the arrow-shaped vane on the summit of the lofty tower of their church. On a nearer examination, it proved to be the life- less body of a jackdaw, which the violence of the wind had driven upon the arrow and literally impaled. Poor jack's traditionary fondness for the steeple thus singularly proved fatal to his ambitious desire of sitting in high places." General Garibaldi has written the following letter to the editor of the Movimento: "Caprera, Sept. 26. Sir,-I beg of you to insert the following in your excellent journal. It is said that there are circulating in England bills of exchange, purporting to bear my signature. I beg to say that such signatures are false, as I have not signed any bills of exchange for any sum er for any person.- G. GARIBALDI. At the Surrey Sessions, on the clerk proceeding to read over names of the Grand Jury, four of these gentle- men were, absent, and, as they had sent no apology or explana- tion, they were each fined £5. Several claimed exemption from over age, when the Clerk of the Peace advised them to attend the petty sessions in the course of a few days, and see that their names are expunged. The coroner's inquest, at the London Hospital, on Henry Brinkley Jameson, aged thirteen years, who died from gunshot wounds inflicted by a lad named John Mor- daunt, has been concluded. The jury returned a verdict to the effect That the deceased died from the mortal effects of a gunshot wound, inflicted by John Mordaunt accidentally and by misfortune." The father of the deceased expressed himself dissatisfied with the verdict. An accident of a melancholy character has just occurred to a man named Chapman, residing at a lodging-house, No. 7, Bear-alley, Peter street, London. The man, who was subject to fits, was sitting by the fire smoking a pipe of tobacco, when, feeling the premonitory symptoms, he threw himself on the bed, but forgot to throwaway his lighted pipe. The tobacco ignited the sheets, burning the poor man in a frightful manner. The inmates extinguished the fire, and prevented the destruction of the premises. The first regimental prize meeting of the Manchester Rifle Volunteers for the present year, took place at Barton Moss on Saturday, when a silver cup, of the value of zC5, and a London armoury rifle, and a field glass, were competed for by the fifty members of the regi- ment who had performed the greatest number of drills during the year. Private Fowkes took the first prize; Sergeant Emery, the second; and Sergeant Holmes, the third. The shooting was good. A correspondent, speaking of the visit of the Empress of the French to Schwalbach, says :—She has made herself very popular at Schwalbach-her generosity is truly < imperial. A poor person never approaches without receiv- j ing two Napoleons, at least; one day alone she gave away £ 70 to various families whom she herself had visited and found to be in distress. She has subscribed £ 400 to the re- storation of a Catholic chapel. The extreme simplicity of i her manner has won the respect of the Germans as much as i her beauty. j Richard Flaherty. a seaman on board the Robert s Bruce schooner, lost his life, under the following circum- f stances, during a voyage from Scotland to London. It was blowing a heavy gale of wind, and the deceased was assisting J to jib the mainsail. While he was endeavouring to pass the main-boom along, a heavy sea struck the vessfcl, and broke it 1 as it was in the act of jibbing, and the deceased, who was on c the boom, was precipitated overboard. Every available f effort was made to rescue him, but without success. J. At Colmery, in France, a few days ago, two boys, Charraud and Seguin,_ seized a younger one who was playing with them, and decided upon hanging him. Charraud accordingly put a long whip-lash in a running knot round the boy's neck, whilst Seguin bent down the branch of a tree and fastened to it the other end of the lash. They then let go the bough, and ran away, leaving the little fellow t suspended, and he would, probably, have been strangled if 1: some persons who had heard his cries had not arrived to release him. The lads have been arrested. 11
The state of mortality in the metropolis has now settled down into something near the ten years' ave- rage. There were 1,229 deaths last week, divided into pretty equal proportions between the two sexes. Among the women was one old lady who was said to be 105 years of age. She lived in Stoke Newington. The births for the week were 1,953, which was 70 above the average.