THE NEWS BUDGET. Gallant Rescue by a Young Lady.-A young lady, named Miss Fanny Churchward, very gallantly rescued from drowning Miss Mary Pritchard, of Abergavenny, who on Monday last was bathing on the Plymouth Hoe. Miss Pritchard was fast being- carried out to sea by the tide, when Miss Churchward plunged into the water, without waiting to divest herself of any clothing, and brought her safe on shore. This is the third life this young woman has saved during the present summer. The New Metropolitan District Railway Act.—An Act passed in the late session to form an inner circle of i ailways north of the Thames, has just been published. Another Act was passed to make an inner circle on the other side of the Thames, and when printed will show the intended alterations by railways in the metropolis. There are ninety-nine sections in the Metropolitan District Railway Act, and it is declared in the preamble that the streets of the metropolis are inadequate to the wants of the vast and increasing population which now frequents them, and that it has become indispensable that they be relieved of portions of that traffic by the construction of railways within London. It is proposed to establish railways to join the principal railways, and for that purpose to raise a capital of £3,600,000 by shares of P,20 each. Canadian Immigration.—The number of immi- grants who arrived in Canada during the month of July last was 2,755, and consisted of 431 English, 687 Irish, 710 Scotch, 750 Germans and Prussians, 422 Swedes and Norwegians, and 255 other foreigners. About one-half of the immigrants remained in the pro- vince, and included persons of considerable means; 454 of the settlers were farmers, 375 labourers,, and 309 mechanics. 237 persons were introduced at the expense of the Glasgow Handlcom Weavers' Emigra- tion Society, 82 of a Society for Promoting Emigration from the Hebrides, and 15 of other charitable institu- tions. The total number of immigrants who arrived in the province between the 1st of January and the 1st of August last is 13,400, and is an increase of 16 over the corresponding period of last year. The de- mand for country labourers, mechanics, and female do- mestic servants continues to be great. Explosion of a Letter.-As a clerk in the Oxford Post-office was engaged in the ordinary duty of stamp- ing the letters, which had just arrived by the mail, he was alarmed by a loud explosion, resembling that of a gun, taking place in one of the letters. The room was immediately filled with smoke, and great consternation was of course produced amongst the employes until the cause of the explosion was ascertained. It appears that one of the letters contained a large number of caps, made of gunpowder, and that the operation of stamping caused about twenty of them to explode. The clerk was slightly burnt about his hand and arm, but beyond this no injury fortunately has been done. The Post-office authorities have instituted an investi- gation into the affair. The International Rifle Match.—The return match between No. 1 Company of Robin Hood Rifles and Australia has been decided at the Mapperley butts, in favour of the Eobin Hoods, by 120 points. It will be remembered that the first match came off in September, 1863, and <it that time the Australians were only second best, the Robin Hoods then winning by only seven points. The average score of the Robin Hoods on that occasion was 115'50. The weather on this occasion was unfavourable to good shooting, there being wind and occasional showers. At the 800 and &00 yards' ranges the light was so bad that glasses had to be used to distinguish the signals. The Aus- tralians shot on in May last, and made a total score of 1,062. The Robin Hoods last week made 1,182. A Shower of Toads—A singular phenomenon occurred at Eton last week. A heavy shower of rain had fallen about six o'clock on the Friday evening, and shortly afterwards the ground in and near Eton College swarmed with myriads of small toads, the main road,. Keat's-lane, the Long-walk, the Eton- wick-road, Barnes-pool Bridge, and other places, being literally alive with them. Many of the creatures had bodies an inch long, and with legs distended were in length two inches, although most of them were smaller. As they had not been observed before the down-pour, the general belief was that they had de- scended with the rain. We simply narrate the fact, without venturing an opinion on the subject. Mr. Charles Knight's "Museum of Animated Nature," which combats the idea of a shower of these reptiles, says that it is generally in August, and after a season of drought, that these hordes of toads have made their appearance, and just such a time we have lately ex- perienced. On the contrary, sailors have said that they have actually seen quantities of small frogs and toads on the deck of a vessel after a heavy shower, and if this statement could be trusted there might be reason to believe that the thousands of ranidse seen at Eton College were really precipitated from the clouds with the heavy rain that had fallen in the course of the day. Death in a Tunnel.—On Saturday an inquest was held by Dr. W. Hardwicke, the deputy coroner for Central Middlesex, at the Hall Arms, Old Church- street, Paddington, relative to the death of Richard Gray, a boatman, who lost his life while forcing a boat through the Maida-hill Tunnel. It appeared that the deceased was in the service of Mr. Clarke, of Fenny Stratford, and that at the time of the accident he was on board a boat laden with timber, steered by a woman. Or arriving at the Maida-hill Tunnel the horse which drew the boat was detached, and the deceased used a long hitcher, and, having planted it against the brick- works, he walked along the boat's bulwark as he passed against the side of the tunnel. Having walked the extreme length, forcing the boat about twenty yards through the tunnel, he found that the hitcher was immovable, and in his endeavour to extri- cate it he fell into the canal. There was another boat in the tunnel, but, owing to the semi-darkness, no assistance could be rendered to the drowning man. After twenty minutes' exertion the body was found, and medical assistance sought, but life could not be restored. A juror remarked that the procedure of boats through tunnels was of a very dangerous cha- racter. In some cases men had to lie on their backs on a plank, and force the boat through by working with their hands and feet against the roof of the tunnel, The deputy-coroner said that it would be advisable in all cases to employ steam-tugs, which would be a quicker proceeding, and not endanger human life. The jury returned a verdict of Death by accidental drowning." A Railway Train Lifted by a Tornado.- A railroad train recently on its way from Cincinnati k> Chicago, says an American paper, was blown from the track, at a point near Wirtnell's Bridge, fifteen miles below Lawrenceburgh, by one of the most ter- rific tornadoes that have ever visited that section of the country. As the train approached the bridge, the atmosphere seemed filled with branches of trees and missiles of various kinds-which the wind had taken up in its path, and the engineer, thinking the bridge un- safe, increased the speed of the engine so as to reach the protection of the hills beyond. He was too late, for the hurricane, resistless in its energy, lifted the entire train into the air, and hurled the rear portion of it over a steep bank, the baggage car, which was very heavily laden, being whirled diagonally across the track, and the rear of the first passenger car, still unoccupied, being suspended over the precipice at the side of the track. The train which happened to arrive at such an untimely moment—in the very focus of the wild hurricane, was heavily loaded with passengers, many of them being bound for the Chicago Conven- 'L, I udin I tion yet, strange to say. notwithstanding the in- creased speed with which the train was moving, and the height of the embankment down which the cars were hurled, not one person was killed. This may be considered a most miraculous escape, two of the cars having been completely wrecked' and jammed, to pieces, the seats dislocated and shattered into frag- ments, and everything left in the most chaotic con- dition. From thirty to forty persons were more or less injured, and two ladies, names not known, pro- bably fatally, one of them, it is thought, having suffered a dislocation of the spine. Counterfeit Coin.—A few counterfeit sovereigns of a rather dangerous character have within the last week been detected at the Bank counters. They are made of gold, but of an inferior quality, being 2 carats lí grains worse than standard gold, of which the genuine sovereigns are made; that is to say, instead of having: 9,167 parts of pure gold in 10,000, they have only 8,138 parts, which makes them only worth about 17s. The coins are new, but seem to have been pur- posely soiled to give them the appearance of having been worn in circulation. They have more of the greenish-fellow co-our of pure gold than the genuine sovereigns, with the exception of the .old George and Dragon pieces. All o? them are struck from, one pair mdies. One of these dies, the reverse, is tracked in ir two places, and the coins have been touched up by a hand-tool after striking in the press; and the effect of the crack, which runs diagonally upwards, through the Scottish quarter of the shield, and through the E of Regina," is in this way, from some of them, partly removed, although sufficient remains for the purpose of detection. In the Irish quarter the harp is almost erased by this after-manipulation, and the consequent smoothness and want of definition strike the eye at once. The quality of the engraving is coarse, and does not appear to be the work of a person accustomed to engrave coin dies. The lettering particularly is roughly executed by an unpractised hand; yet, after all, the imitation is sufficiently close to deceive on a casual inspection. The sound, which is dull and wants the sharp clink of the true sovereign, is one of the best means of detection to those accustomed to the ring of the genuine metal. It is not apprehended that there are many in circulation, and, indeed, the whole facts point to operations on a limited scale. Question of Paternity.-Thomas Crump, who had the appearance of a cabman, was summoned at the Wandsworth Police-court to show cause why an order should not be made upon him for the support of a child, the illegitimate offspring of a single woman, named Harriet Lewis, living in Ironmill-place, Garret- lane, Wandsworth.-Defendant: I deny the paternity. —Mr. Wilson said he appeared for the complainant, and the facts were simply these :-The complainant met the defendant, when she had something to drink with him, and he ultimately seduced her. Before the birth of the child, the defendant told the complainant that if she did not swear the child he would give her so much a week.—The complainant was sworn, and confirmed Mr. Wilson's statement.—Mr. Wilson: Did he seduce you ?-Complainant Yes, sir. He said he would marry me, and that he would put up the banns, but he never offered to do it.—The mother was called, and gave corroborative evidence. The defendant was in the habit of courting her daughter at her home, and said he would put up the banns.—The Defendant: I deny being the father of the child. I could not offer to marry her, as I had three children, since which I have buried one.—Mr. Dayman made an order for the payment of 2s. 6d. a week, and 10s. costil.- Mr. Wilson (with surprise): No more costs F—Mr. Dayman: No; I don't think that young women should have everything made so comfortable for them. Shocking Death.—An inquest was recently held by Mr. Payne, at Enfield, on the body of Mr. Henry Leggatt, aged forty-seven, who was alleg. d to have lost his life from swallowing a nail in a basin of soup, at the refreshment room of the Hug-by station. Dr. Godfrey, of Enfield, said the deceased was in perfect health previously to his taking the soup. He was called in to see him on the 13th, when he described the occurrence in the following words "I went to to Manchester on Thursday last. When I arrived at the Rugby station I called for a basin of soup. It was hot. The bell rang. I bolted, it, and jumped into the train. The pain'I felt was intense. On Friday I dragged a nail or brad, three quarters of an inch long, from me." Witness examined him, and found the whole mucous membrane of the bowel torn away. Erysipelas set in, and he expired from the effects of the accident on Thursday evening. From the time of the occurrence to his death, he suffered the most intense agony. Witness asked him what he did with the nail. He said, The nasty thing had a jagged edge I threw it away." The jury returned a verdict —That the deceased died frbm the effects of swallowing accidentally a certain nail while on a recent journey to Manchester." "Vagaries by a Cab Horse.—A horse drawing a four wheel cab "bolted" along Go wer-street, Euston- road, London, on Saturday evening. His first freak was to leap the strong barrier across the road that so often vexes railway travellers to Euston station be- tween the London University and the Hospital in Gower-street. The horse cleared the barrier well, and brought the fore-wheels of the cab against the barrier with such force that the iron catch ins antly yielded, and the horse drew the cab rapidly after him to Euston-road apparently uninjured, though thick iron rings were bent and snapped at the barrier. On reaching the Euston-road the horse shot into the sta- tion of the Metropolitan Railway, and reached the top of the stairs., as if bent on a journey by the train. Nothing eould have saved the horse and cab a head- long tumble down the staircase had the cab cleared the entrance. Swerving, however, on one side, the cab caught one side of the entrance, and the restive animal was, of course, pulled up, and every window in the cab shivered to atoms. The horse was secured, ap- parently none the worse, his head looking full over the bannisters of the station. One of the riders out of four in the cab leaped out, and fell on his shoulder. The rest were unhurt. Fatal Accident on the River. A shocking accident occurred on the Thames between Putney and Hammersmith Bridges on Friday to Mr. John Green, of Wednesfield-house, Hammersmith-road. It appears that Mr. Green, in company with his father- in-law and two children, were proceeding up the river in a small boat, on a fishing excursion, when he ran across the mooring chain of a billyboy, anchored in the stream, and the boat capsised. Mr. Green attempted to swim to the shore, with the two children, and in doing so sunk and was drowned, and his body was not recovered. The father-in-law and the two children were saved by the crew of the billyboy. "Wilful Murder.-John de Leon, a, Spanish boarding-house keeper, who was stabbed in the abdo- men on Wednesday night, in the Rose and Crown public-house, Rateliff-highway, by another Spaniard named Ray mond Rodrigues, expired shortly afterwards in the London Hospital, to which place he was re- moved directly after the quarrel. The case was con- sidered a hopeless one from the first. The deceased was stabbed by Rodrigues in the abdomen, and the bowels protruded. Inspector Holloway, of the H division, announced the man's death to Mr. Partridge, the presiding magistrate at the Thames Police-court, on Saturday, and the magistrate said the deposition of the wounded man had already been taken, the case was quite complete, and Rodrigues would be com- mitted for trial, as a matter of course, at the termi- nation of the next inquiry. An infuriated Bullock on Board a Steamer. -One of the New Holland ferry steamboats arrived at the Corporation Pier, Hull, a few evenings ago, having on board a bullock, the property of Mr. H. Elmer, of West Dereham, Norfolk. j The bullock had taken fright, broken from the control of the man in charge, and rushed among the passengers. Before it could be secired it had inflicted considerable damage on a woman named Charlotte Billany, her son, Rus- ling Billany, and Mrs. Sash. Medical assistance was promptly called, and it was ascertained that the suf- ferers had been gored in various parts of their bodies, but under proper care they will speedily recover from the injuries they have received. This is not the first time the matter has been brought before the attention of the Manchester, Sheffield, and Lincolnshire Rail- way Company, who will, we hope, thus feel themselves bound to prevent the risk of such an accident again occurring. A Great Fire in Constantinople. A great fire has taken place in the old crowded part of Con- stantinople and done much damage. A very pretty mosque, newly erected, 172 shops, 2 bakehouses, and 29 dwelling-houses, some of them of a superior order, have been destroyed. A perfect panic reigned, natu- rally enough, for a long time amongst the dealers in the bazaar, and in the khans close by, and much injury has been sustained by the hurried removal of goods. A large body of troops kept order, and all the avail- able water appliances were brought into play, but every one knows how contemptibly inadequate these are to the necessities of a great capital like Constanti- nople. The Grand Vizier, with his usilal prompt activity, and all the leading members of the Seraske- riat were early on the spot, and remained until the flames were entirely extinguished, which was not until long after sunset. Borrowing Powers of Railway Companies. -The report of the Lords Committee, appointed on the 27th of May last to consider what legislative measures might be desirable to restrain the directors of railway companies from borrowing in excess of their statutory powers, or from evading the provisions of their Acts of Parliament, with the view that the validity and security of debenture bonds should be better established, has been printed, and was issued on Saturday. The report states that the committee, having examined witnesses, and considered the subject referred to them, are of opinion that a compulsory public registration of railway debentures and deben- ture stock will afford means whereby the directors of railway companies may be restrained from exceeding the amount of their statutory borrowing powers. Manslaughter by a About five i weeks ago a shoemaker named Samuel Smith, aged J sixty-eight years, living at 6, Acorn-place, Deptford, was walking along the New Cross-road, towards Lon- don, in company with another shoemaker, when he was knocked down by a four-wheel cab, and so severely injured that he died in a few hours afterwards, after suffering great agony. At the inquest it appeared that the cab was being driven on the wrong side of the road at a great rate, and that it was entirely the driver's fault that the accident occurred. The cabman, how- ever, at once drove off, and all attempts to ascertain his number had failed. The jury returned a verdict of "Manslaughter against a man unknown." Funeral of Captain Speke.—The remains of Captain Speke have been interred in the family vault, at the pretty little village of Dowlish Wake, about two miles from Ilminster, and four miles from Jordans, the residence of the family of the deceased. The body had been lying at Wake-hill, the residence of Captain Speke's brother, the Rev. B. Speke, and about three o'clock a long procession of mourners (clergy, tenantry, and friends of the family) was formed in front of the residence, and accompanied the corpse to the church- yard. Among those present were Sir Roderick Mur- chison, Dr. Livingstone, and Captain Grant, the last named bearing a wreath of laurel leaves and flowers, which he placed upon the coffin. The service was read by the Rev. Prebendary Coles. About 2,000 persons were present. Funeral of a Railway Servant.-One of the oldest and most esteemed servants of the South- Western Railway Company— Da.rwm. the Royal guard- was buried last week, with an expression of respect from his fellow-servants and the company he served which de-erve record. Darwin, by a long career of honourable conduct, had won the regard and respect of all with whom he was brought into contact, and his death created the most lively regret among those who served with him, and to whom he was known. The hearse left his home in Anne-street, Waterloo-road, preceded by the Chief Inspector of the line, the Royal guard, and upwards of 100 inspectors, guards, porters, and other servants of the company in fact, all who could be spared from their duties. At the Waterloo Station others of the servants had assembled, who all uncovered as the hearse passed. He was buricd at Ilford, in Essex. Fatal Accident at a Theatre.—A melancholy accident occurred a few days back at the theatre of Magdeburg, in Prussia,, during the performance of Robert and Bertram." The scene of a part of the first act passes in a tower raised at a considerable height above the stage, and while the play was in progress the tower suddenly fell to the ground with two actors who were in it at the moment. Those men were both killed on the spot, an actress had her arm f^parated from her body, and a number of other per- sons received injuries from the fall of the beams and planks of which the tower was constructed. Successful Treatment of a Snake Bite.— Successful Treatment of a Snake Bite.- The wife of a European employed on. the railway near Jempeer, in stepping out of her door late in the even-1 ing, quite recently, was bitten by a cobra a little above the right' heel. Her husband, who fortunately hap- pencd to be at home, immediately sucked the wound until the blood flowed copiously, after which he bound a tight bandage some inches above the bite, which numbed the leg. He then applied a live coal to the part, and burnt it effectually, and had scarcely con- cluded the operation when happily the down train from Kotree made its appearance, and he seized the opportunity to bring his wife to Kurrachee, where she is now under the care of Dr. Mahaffy, the staff surgeon, under whose treatment >we are glad to hear the patient is getting well rapidly. Her life, how- ever, has no doubt been saved by the energetic manner in which her husband dealt with the bite in the first instance. An Extraordinary Begging Letter. The Messaaer du Midi skates that Baron de Rothschild possesses the most voluminous collection of begging letters that any financier ever received. They form a complete series. Among the number is one lately addressed to the baron, containing the very tempting proposition that for the bagatelle of 50,000 francs, the writer would engage to show how he could prolong his life to the age of 150 years. The following is the baron's reply :—" Sir,-It has frequently happened to me to be threatened with death if I did not give a sum of money. You are certainly the first that has ever asked me for it in proposing to prolong my life. Your proposition is, without doubt, far better and more humane. But my religion teaches me that wo are all under the hand of God, and I will not do anything to withdraw myself from his decrees. My refusal, more- over, does not in any way attack your discovery, from which you will not fail, I hope, to profit yourself. Regretting that I cannot accede to your proposal, I sincerely congratulate you on the 150 years which you are called on to live in this world.—Accept, &c., J. DE EOTHSCHILD." Death of Archdeacon Mathias.—1The arch- deaconry of Akaroa, in the diocese of Christ Church, New Zealand, has become vacant by the death of the Venerable Oetavius Mathias, M.A. The deceased gentleman was educated at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, where he graduated in 1828, the year in which Mr. Perry, now Bishop of Melbourne, was senior wrangled. Soon after his ordination in 1829, he was presented by Admiral Stephens to the vicarage of Horsham, near Norwich, which he held for several years, Proceeding to New Zealand, he became rector of Christ Church in the Canterbury settlement, and in 1855, one year before the establishment of the bishopric of Christ Church, he was nominated by the Bishop of New Zealand, whose commissary in Eng- land he had been, to the archdeaconry of Akaroa, which appointment he held with the rectory of Christ Church up to the time of his lamented death. The Bishop of London Shipwrecked.—A most interesting account reaches us, says the Court Journal, from the North of the Bishop of London and family enacting the part of Robinson Crusoe, or rather the Family Robinson, by being shipwrecked on a desert island near Loch Fyne, and having to rough it for the night, erecting tents, lighting fires with rough meaMs, and cooking the cockles for supper. The night passed solemnly away without any fright from savages, and the next morning, fortunately, the tide lifted the stranded vessel off the rock where she had struck, and there was no leakage. Had it not been the case there is no telling how this rough and not uninterest- ing bit of picnicking might have ended, and we should not have had an even more sensational paragraph to write in the style of Fanfan la Ttilipe." Melancholy Accident at Blackfriars-bridge. —An inquiry was held by Mr. Richards, deputy coroner, at the Lamb Tavern, Ratcliff, on Wednesday, respecting the death of John J. Moore, aged nine years, who lost his life under the following circum- stances :-The father of the deceased boy was a boiler maker, and was at work on a stage under one of the piers of old Blackfriars-bridge, and the deceased came there to see him. By some means the -deceased fell off the^stage while playing about. The father did not miss him, but saw him without recognising him, being carried down by the current and struggling frantically in the water. He was carried down by the tide and drowned, and his body was found floating on Tuesday night off Stone's-stairs, Ratcliffe, by the Thames Police. The jury returned a verdict of Accidental Death." Sir J. Pakington on Farming- Leases.-At the Vale of Evesham Agricultural-Society's meeting, Sir John Pakington, who presided, introduced the question of long leases, and expressed a strong opinion that they were the only means of giving- farmers that security to which, they are entitled before expending large amounts of capital on the cultivation of their farms. Tenants objected on the ground that they had confidence in their landlords; and landlords were op- posed to it, because they were anxious to retain their power over the land." He repudiated the notion of a man putting his trust in his landlord, and advised him to treat the matter as any other commercial trans- action would be treated, and to put his trust in written documents. With reference to the landlord, if his power over the land referred to game, he thought that any man who kept an unnatural and excessive quantity of game aught to pay for it (hear), and if it referred to politics it was a mistake, and support so obtained was not likely to keep- any party in permanent power. Landowners had it in their power to exercise the coercion of a warm friendship in leading their tenants to follow them to the poll-and he rather liked to see it-and, in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred, the love of sport, which was inherent in Englishmen, would lead them to be content to have a fair and legitimate amount of -game on estates (hear, hear). He said that the code" drawn up by the Vale of Evesham Society would prevent landlords' property from being impoverished, as some feared. Sir John concluded by quoting figures from a paper presented to the Oxford Farmers' Club by Mr. Sanderson, which proved that in the north farmers h u-d offered much higher rents for farms on twenty-one years' leases, and the farms let for long terms produced much more cattle and general produce than those held on short tenancies. The Tamworth Church-rate Case. — An erroneous statement with reference to the grounds of the decision in the Tamworth church-rate case has been going the round of the papers. The decision, a-z already stated, was given by Dr. Lushington in favour of the 'defendant, but he said expressly, in giving- judgment, that his opinion was founded exclusively upon admitted facts, and the evidence for the plain- tiffs. The chief question at issue was whether the churchwardens were justified in taking assessment for the poor-rate as the basis for their church-rate. In Tamworth, the assessment for the poor rate was twenty-five years old, and notwithstanding the fluc- tuations in the value of property the church-rate was levied on this valuation. Dr. Lushington pronounces a rate so levied to be invalid, and declares that assess- ment for the church-rate must be made independently of that for the poor-rate, and that if the churchwardens merely follow the poor-rate, there will be no defence should the poor-rate assessment be defective. The result, which has been preceded by such a long course of litigation, is looked upon by the opponents of church-rates as a great triumph, but it is a triumph which has not been obtained gratuitously. The whole of the costs on both sides are said to amount to £ 2,000, of which the churchwardens have to pay over = £ 1,600. The defendant bears the remainder of the burden, and a committee has been formed to indemnify him, and an appeal is made for subscriptions, on-the ground that the case possessed a national interest and importance. The Rev. Thomas Burgess, of Tamworth, is the chairman of this committee.
SHOCKING MURDER AND SUICIDE. A shocking murder, followed by tho, suicide of the murderer, has been committed in Middlesborough. The perpetrator is a German Jew, named Henry Kerne, residing in Vine-street, in that town, and who on Friday afternoon, about three o'clock, cut the throat of his son, a fine interesting boy, named Daniel Henry, about five years of age. It appears that the lad and his father were in the room together, the mother being absent in another part of the house, when a female neighbour went upstairs and told Kerne that his wife, with whom she had some conver- sation, was going to leave him on account of a quarrel which they had had that morning. On this the man, in a state of apparent great perplexity, came down' stairs into the woman's apartment, and complained bitterly of the conduct of his wife in stripping the place of its furniture. Having thus un- burdened himself of his sad tale, Kerne returned to his room, from which loud screams were soon heard issuing. Alarmed by the noise Mrs. Kerne and the neighbour previously alluded to rushed up into the apartment, in which a horrible sight presented itself. Side by side on the fleor lay the little boy and his father, with their throats cut from ear to ear, their heads being nearly severed from their bodies. The floor was saturated with blood, and in the. case of both the unfortunate victims life was found to be extinct, the murderer and suicide holding in his right hand a razor, with which ho had doubtless made the fatal attack on his helpless son, and afterwards, in a similar manner, put an end to his own existence. The poor man, who was thirty-six years of age, had for some time suffered from the loss of his eyesight, and this, with the unhappy state of his domestic arrangements, is assigned tys the motive of the rash and terrible deeds. v
A NEW CAPITAL FOR ITALY. A correspondent writing from Turin states that the vague reports of the immediate transfer of the seat of Government to Florence have resolved themselves into positive certainty. The last Parliament assem- bled in Turin will meet on the 4th of October, for the purpose of hearing and of deliberating upon the im- portant events which have taken place in the recess. This news has, of course, created a very painful im- pression in this city, as well as in the rest of Pied- mont and it is easy to imagine that the intimation of the transfer of the capital from Turin has been con- strued as equivalent to a renouncement of the national claims on Rome; for, it is argued, if the Government had any serious thoughts of carrying out the national programme, is it to be imagined that it would incur the immense pecuniary sacrifice of a preliminary re- moval, to last for two or three years only ? It is, therefore, somewhat hastily concluded that the Italian Government has allowed itself to be cajoled into a surrender of this cardinal point of the national policy. Perhaps the real truth may be, that the change of capital implies a disposition not to precipi- tate events, and very probably we are still at some distance from the day which will see the tri-coloured flag of United Italy wave from the summit of the Capitol. But the question of the possession of Rome is a vital one for the nation; and the statesmen of Italy, to whatever political party they may belong, are too firmly convinced of this truth, and the state of public feeling on the subject is far too manifest to allow anybody really acquainted with the country to doubt that there will be no rest until the cause be gained. There is no other ultimate solution of the question possible, and that for reasons which vare sufficiently evident of themselves, and have been so frequently set forth as to require no repetition. The Ddbats observes on the same subject:—"At Turin everybody seems convinced, and we do not think there is any rashness in believing, with the whole population of Turin, that as soon as the Par- liameRt has assembled, King Victor Emmanuel will lay before it a proposal to transfer the capital of the kingdom to Florence. Our own information, derived from reliable resoureas, agrees on that point with the reports which, for the last few days, have obtained in Italy. As yet it would be difficult to say how this transfer of the capital of Italy may affect the Roman question Some consider Florence as a kind of stage, a halting-place between Turin and Roma, and infer that the King of Italy, drawing closer to the Eternal City, is preparing to enter it. Others, arguing differ- ently, hold that, to transfer the seat of the Govern- ment from one city to another, is always a momen- tous event in the history of a nation; that it cannot take place without creating serious embarrassments, and giving rise to complaints, which, though they may not be legitimate, are, nevertheless,-such as to deserve the utmost consideration on the part of a government. They think it unlikely that Victor Emmanuel should be willing to incur twice in two years the cares arising from this shifting of capitals, and that his going to Florence is a sign that he has no reason to hope for a speedy removal to Rome. Both sides agree in a specious manner; unfortunately, in a case of such importance, it is not arguments the public wants, but a substantial and accurate knowledge of the designs of the French Government. Until the Moniteur shall have spoken the public will act wisely in attributing solely to strategic motives above all the transfer of the capital of Italy to Florence. By settling in that city, King Victor Emmanuel allows nothing to transpire of what he hopes, or what he has ceased to hope, respecting Rome but he clearly shows the sources of his uneasiness respecting Austria and Venetia. Nothing that is short of a pitched battle, crowned by victory, can protect the plains of Lombardy, and Turin itself, from an Austrian army issuing from the Quadrilateral. Turin is 41 r fplacccl, that in the event of a war. it will always i cnscessary to fight a battle for its defence, even were it neces- sary to accept a battle under unfavourable condi- tions. rhe advisers of the King of Italy will, no doubt, have reflected that in the ambiguous position of Europe, when the arrival of spring, for the last four years, has been like a kind of sword of Damocles suspended over the head of a pacific people, it was un- wise to keep a capital in such an exposed position. Florence is protected against an army invading Lom- bardy, not by distance alone, but also by the line of the Po, by the citadels of Alessandria, Placentia, Ferrara, and by the Appenines. Florence, in addition to the fact that it possesses all that adds charm to existence, and all that symbolises the majesty of a great kingdom, affords marked local advantages, which Italians are anxious to be possessed of, and who, right or wrong, foresee that at no distant date they may be called upon to renew the struggle for their independence. This is quite sufficient to account for the scheme, long since-conceived, to transfer to Florence, at least provisionally, the seat of the Italian Government. If this scheme be carried out, it will be on the part of the Italians a significant precaution: it ought not to excite among us any peculiar alarm about the maintenance of peace; but yet it should keep us alive to the precarious state of Europe, and to the many combinations that may arise from it—all of them certainly less probable than the Franco-Italian treaty which Italy is just now discussing with so much impassioned eagerness."
UNCONQUERABLE FIRES. It has often been observed that fire and water are very excellent servants, but very bad masters; and the conflagrations which have lately taken vt'.ace at Chatteris, in the Yorkshire Wolds, and in Lender, give abundant evidence of the danger of the fcraer element getting the mastery over, Londoners have only just recovered from the shock of the great fire in Tooley-street, which dedt-d -he efforts of all the fire brigade to subdue. It will be remembered that this great conflagration continued for more than a week, until all the inflammable matter contained in those vast warehouses was destroyed, and the buildings became a heap of ruins. Last week, however, fire again obtained the mastery in Greshara- street, one of the densest mercantile quarters in the Oltv of London, which, in little more than an hour, destrr-cd property and merchandise of immense value, intfudirg one of the most interesting and stately of the civic bl: that of the Haberdashers' Company. Although tii^-e were no less than a dozen powerful fire engines, whi h were throwing tons of water per minute over the ^rae; ling flames, the destroying element still kept on its ce- vouring course, until not only the stock, but the whole premises of Messrs. Tapling and Co., the large o.ri t manufacturers, were totally destroyed, and consider- able damage was done to the premises adjoining. The most peculiar circumstance connected with this fire was that it commenced before the premises were opened^on Monday morning, no person having enter? d them since the close of business on Saturday. It will thus be seen how difficult it is to guard against seen a. dangerous enemy damp produces spontaneous fire, or damp rags of any kind will heat, and ce- co,sionally ignite, and even a spark from a neighbour's chimney has frequently been the cause of immense Ic :s of life and property. All these things convince us of the necessity of insurance, and we are pleased to find that the masses of the people are becoming more prudent. It is, however, quite as necessary for these who are about to insure, that they should be certain of the stability of in which they take a policy. Every one should ask himself the question, not only ofE< Am I insured for an adequate amount should an accident occur?" but, "Is the company I have insured in sufficiently sound as TO leave no doubt on my mind that they are enabled to fulfil all their engagements ? Perhaps no better plan can ba pointed out for tailling- the real progress and soundness of the various companies than by reference to the official statement of the amount of duty paid to Government, and of the other returns. In looking through this list it will be u r noticed that several offices have made a considerable increase in their returns in 1863 over 1832; amongst these may be seen the London and Lincashire, whose directors are well-known city men the increase in tha amount paid for duty by that company is the largest of any London office, and amounts to no less then £ 5,011. It is also worth remarking that whilst the premiums of the London and Lancashire Insurance Company in 1863 reached < £ t>5,049, those for the present year will fall little short of £100,000. These results prove that this company is flourishing, and that the directors have met with a large share of public confidence.
Money Market. -t? • CITY, SEPT. 28.—The demand for money to-day is mode- rate, and the rate for good three months' bills is stili 8f to per cent. In the Stock Exchange the charge for short loans is 6 per cent. Consols are now quoted 87f to-Jformoney, and 83 t.o} for the account (Oct. 11). The official business report is as follows :-Three per Cent. Consols, for money, 87J, f, ditio for account, 88, -J; Three per Cents. Reduced, 85.1, 88; New Three per Cents., 85J, 86}; Bed Sea Telegraph, 19$j'India Stock, 209; ditto Five per Cent. stock, 104, 10 ditto Four per Cent. Debentures, 96J ditto Bonds, 20s dis.
The Corn Trade JIABK-LAIFE, SEPT. 26.—With new English Wheat the market was freely supplied to-day, and there not being"a large demand rates rather gave way, white selling at 40s to 45s, and red at 37s to 41s per quarter, several parcels being unsold at the close of the market. There was again mo-"e foreign on offer than required, and prices continue to g';} down, ranging at 36s to 4Ss. American cautiously dealt in :• red at 38s to 41s, and white 42s to 440s.-0nly a moderate dø- mand for Flour: town-made 36s to 40s seconds and countrv 276 to 34s; French, 32s to 31s Spanish, 34s to 35s per rack American, fresh, 22s to 25s ditto sour, 2.)s to 21s per b"r — Supply of Barley being large, and demand moderate, rates rather gave way, grinding and distilling selling- at 2.J,s to 2gs and malting, 30s to 35s per qr.—1The Malt trade ruled Iaiet; pale, at 60s to 66s; and brown, 50s to 54s.—Oats were aa-am in large supply, and prices rather gave way; still, a good demand prevailed, English and Irish at 18s to 24s Scotch, 20s to 26s; and foreign, 17s to 24s.—Peas wanted, and prices, stiff; white and maple selling at 37s to 40s; grey, 35s to 38s and blue, 40s to 50s.-—-Beans in good demand pig-eon at 3Ss to 46s tick and Mazagan, 35s to 42s; and Harrow, 38s to 44s.—The value of Bye is 34s to 36s; and Maize, 29s to 30s.-Prices still going down for Linseed; East India selling at 58s to 66s; and Odessa, 61s to 62s; but m:1DY parcels were sold to-day. LIVERPOOL, SEPT. 27.—The market is moderately at- tended. Wheat in some instances sells at Friday's rate, out _generally favours purchasers. Flour dull and easier! Indian corn 3d dearer, and more doing. Beans quite nominal. Oats and oatmeal steady. COTTON, LIVERPOOL, SEPTEMBER 28.—Market continue* rather steady. Sales probably 5,000 or 6,000 bales. TALLOW, SEPTEMBER 28.-The market is steady. Town tallow is quoted 42S; Petersburg Y.C. on the spot, 41s October to December, 42s 3d; December, 43s to 43s 6d; January to March, 44s; March, 44s 6d. HOP, BOROUGH, SEPTEMBER 28.—Messrs. Pattendoll and Smith report a brisk trade doing in the new growth at full rates. HAY, SMITHFIELD, SEPT. 27.—Messrs. Harvey and Easton report trade slow at the following prices :—Prime meadow hay, 80s to 105s; clover, old, 90s to 127s 6d; straw 28s to 32s. FRUIT AND VEGETABLES, CovENT-GARDhN.—Sup- plies of most, things are on the increev3e, especially those ot grapes and melons. Apples, plums, and peaches are also abundant, and there is a fair supply of Louise Bonne of Jersey pear, a good kind at this season. Kent filbertsfetclt from 70s to 80s per lOOlbs. New walnuts promise to be plentiful. For Potatoes there is a heavy sale, and pries for them have a downward tendency. Flo wars chiefly consist; of orchids, heaths, asters, mignonette, and roses. Pine apple* per lb, 6s to 8s; Grapes, per lb, Is? r,o 3s; Peaches, per 4s to Ss: Nectarines, ditto, 2s to 6s s "Melons. eacV Is to 4s Figs, pe.i aoz., Is Od to 2s 6d.; Plums per sieve' 2s to is Pears, per doz., Is Gel to 3s Oranges, pr. 100,16s to 20s; Lemons, pr 100.10s to 14s: Nuts, Barcelona., do. 16s; New Brazil, do. 16s Almonds, do., 18s to 20s: Adples per sieve, Is Od to 2s Cabba ares, per doz., Is to Is; French Deans, per half-sieve, 4s; Peas, per basket, 2s Odto 3s 6d; Potato-i. York Regents, per ton, 60s to 80s; Rocks, do., 4j= to Flukes, 60s to 90s; Carrots, per bunch, 6d to 9d; Titr*i'<- per bunch, 6d to 8d.; Cucumbers* each, 4d to Is Bee- »..• doz., Is 6d to 2s; Shalots, per lb,, 6d; Garlic, per lb Lettuces, each, Id to 2d; Endive, per score, If +o Horseradish, per bunch, Is to 4s; Mushrooms, per pot:. Is to Is 9d; Parsley, per 12 bunches to is; Bferbe »«• bunch, 6d, h
Cattle Market. METROPOLITAN, SEPT. 26.-There are a few mo~ beasts than on Monday last, but choice qualities are bv no means plentiful. Prices are not much altered on the average Inferior kinds meet with a dull sale, and are rather lower. There is a considerable increase in the number of sheen: trade is consequently dull, and on the average prices are lower. Calves are selling about the same as on Thursday. From Germany and Holland there are 3,290 beasts, 10,130 sheep, 373 calves, and 220 pigs. Spain, 60 beasts; Ireland, 570; and 2,760 from the Northern and Midland Counties. Per stone of 81bs. s. d. s. d. Per stone of SIbs. s. d. s. Best Scots, Hfds. 5 0 5 4 Best Long-wools 5 0 5 4 Best Short-horns 4 8 5 0 Do. do. shorn 0 0 0 0 2nd. quel, beasts 3 0 4 0 Ewes & 2d. qual. 4 6 d 1A Calves 3 8 5 4 Do. do. ■■•horn, 0 o 9 "0 Pigs 3 4 5 0 Lambs 0 0 n n BestDns&bass. 5 4 5 8 Beasts at market. 6.930; Sheep ano Lambs. 5>.q fan r<- '«• 336; Pigs. 590.. A horse-dealer, describing a used-up horse, siid
he looked as if lie had been editing a newspaper. Open-Air Preaching.—Two respectable trades. men, carrying on business in the Old Kent-road, close to a small piece of waste ground which has been for some time the resort of a number of ranting preachers applied to the magistrate for his assistance to remove what they described as an intolerable nuisance. The applicants said that a memorial, signed by a number of the inhabitants, had been presented to .Sir Eichard Mayne, complaining of the nuisance, a,nd Inspector Dann attended and got the names of the preachers, some of whom were mere boys. Crowds of the greatest blackguards in the district were in the habit of assem- bling there, and the scenes that took place were of the most disorderly and scandalous character. The trace recommended that the matter bs left in the of the police, who would, no doubt, do what wa necessary to put down the evil complained of.