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Agricult,ural Improvements.

Gardening Operations for the…


Gardening Operations for the Week. Bedding plants struck in the open ground must be potted forthwith; in all cases a poor sandy soil and plenty of drainage must be used, especially if the plants are to be kept in pits or other places where they will be exposed to a low temperature during hard weather. Take up all choice plants now that it is intended to keep through the winter, and pot them if left in the ground any longer they will be likely to die after potting. Bulbs of all kinds which it is inconvenient to plant early because of the ground being occupied, may be started in a mixture of leaf-mould and old dung, or in cocoa-nut waste, so as to be lifted in clumps with good roots to the positions in which they are to flower as soon as those positions are ready for them. Where an early bloom of snowdrops and crocuses is required, and the ground cannot be made ready for the bulbs, this plan answers the purpose to perfection. Flowering shrubs to be forced for the conservatory should now be thought of, to get them potted up and plunged ready to be taken in to force. Plants that have made good growth in the open ground are best for this work, such as lilacs, kalmias, daphnes, andro- medas, polygala eharruebuxus, ledum latifolius, rhodora canadense, double flowering plums and cherries, azaleas of the nudiflora section, weigelias, &c. Get them into as small pots as possible without doing any serious harm to their roots, and plunge in a bed of cocoa-nut waste, in a sheltered position, till required to go to the forcing-house. Cinerarias, primulas, calceolarias of the herbaceous class, and other soft-wooded plants now growing freely, should be carefully looked over to see that they are in a fit state for housing as required. Some will want a shift; some will be found infested with fly, &c. None of these things should suffer for want of 'water, as it will spoil their looks by causing the leaves to turn yellow. c Fuchsias may be kept in bloom late by the aid of l weak manure-water and a close warm house. The shading may be removed and the pots have a, sprink- ling of fresh sheep or deer dung as a top dressing. Gather ripe berries of any varieties from which seed is required bruise the berries with sand, and expose the mixture of pulp and sand to the sun till quite dry then store it in chip boxes till spring, when sow sand and seeds together. Raisers of seedlings who can keep the young plants in the stove all winter may sow at once in a. mixture of three parts leaf and one of sandy loam, and start in a gentle heat. Hard-wooded plants must be kept well aired and in full sunshine, to ripen the wood and give them strength to pass the winter in an ordinary greenhouse tempera- ture. Heaths, epacrises, pimelias, &c., to have free ventilation, and the ranks shoots pinched in, to pre- serve uniformity of growth. Orchids generally should have less moisture as the days shorten. The majority of growers keep them too damp and too, warm all winter, but they should now be prepared to pass the winter at as low a temperature as will be safe, and in as dormant a state as possible. Fires will be useful now on dull days to dry the house, and allow of the admission of air. Young plants of asrides, dendrobium, vanda, cattleya, and saccola- bium, to be kept growing in the warmest com- partment. Roses budded this season require now to be looked 'over, the wild growth cut in slightly, the ties loosened, and any wild buds starting below the work to be rubbed off. Roses struck from cuttings to be potted off as soon as rooted into sixty-sized pots, and be put on a gentle dung heat, to promote the filling of the pots with roots. Roses layered in the open ground may be removed and potted: in fact, it is better to winter all roses on their own roots in pots the first season after striking them, if there are conveniences for doing so.—Gardeners' WeekLy Magazine and Flori- cultural Cabinet


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