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The Wheat Harvest.

Gardening Operations for the…


Gardening Operations for the Week. Bulbs to be planted. Those most important now are snowdrops, crocuses, and narcissus, and hardy border lilies, as these do no good if kept long out of the ground. Pot hyacinths, early tulips, narcissus, bulbocodium, tritonea aurea, ixias, and sparaxis. Cal- ceolarias may be propagated now in quantity; they need no bottom-heat. Take short stubby side-shoots, dibble them into a mixture of leaf, very rotten dung, and about a fourth part sand. They strike quickly, and make fine strong plants in cocoa-nut waste well rotted; so that if the plunge-bed can be cleared out, the rotten cocoa waste will be the best stuff that can be used for them; they will readily root now, and make first-rate plants for next season. Put in plenty of short, stubby side-shoots, and shut up in a frame. Hardy annuals may still be sown to keep over winter. If sown in the open ground, it must be on on poor, hard soil, in a dry position. We would observe that all the really hardy annuals are better from autumn than spring sowings. Hollyhocks to be cut down as soon, as they have bloomed out. Any very choice, from which cuttings are required, to be cut down without waiting for the last blooms to open, as it is important to gain a week or so to get good breaks from the stool to cut from. Auriculas will now need protection from heavy rains. Look over the whole stock, and stir the surface of the soil in the pots and remove dead leaves. If any leaves are damaged, turn the plants upside down and search for insects. If any green fly is visible, shake some dry silver-sand among them and blow it out with force, and the vermin will be carried away. Bedding plants struck now should be potted singly and shut up close in frames. It is too late now to put cuttings in the open border, as the ground is cooling and the plants are getting sappy, owing to the abundance of rain. All the bedding stock that is now well rooted and potted off for winter should be placed out of doors on a hard bottom of stone or slates, to harden for three or four weeks Fuchsias that have gone out of bloom may be cut back to neat shapes, and put in bottom-heat till they break freely; thus treated, they will flower finely during November and December in the greenhouse or con- servatory, with the help of a little warmth. Wall trees only need such care as may be necessary to assist in the ripening of the wood. Where spray-like growth and rank shoots overtop and shade wood selected for bearing, remove it or cut it into reasonable bounds, for the wood laid in needs now all the sun it can get, and is sure not to get too much. Train in regularly, and by all means avoid overcrowding. Hardy fruit to be gathered as soon as ripe, which may be known by the colour of the pips, and by the stalk parting readily from the tree. Gather with great care, and keep apart from the best all that fall in the process. Gather only during dry weather, and store at once; there is not the least need for the "sweating" process usually adopted. The fruit store should be in a dark place, capable of being freely ventilated, yet generally ad- mitting but a trifling current of atmosphere; and it should be cool, and yet safe from frost. Prepare mushroom beds for winter supply. The first thing to be done is to collect plenty of short unfermented dung, or if only long dung can be had, pick out the long straw and lay it in small heaps to ferment gently, and turn it every three or four days till it produces only a gentle heat; then make up the bed. A dry dark shed is as good a place as any, but a better crop and a larger supply may be ensured where the beds can be made 0 7er a warm chamber. Potatoes left in the ground after this time will spoil faster than they grow; get them up and stored; and should you intend to follow the practice of autumn planting, throw out all the middle-sized greenish tubers, and plant them at once, seven inches deep, and the rows not less than thirty inches apart. Cauliflower and broccoli to be planted in quantity for spring use, and rather close, that the plants may protect each other; and in case of hard weather all except the outside rows may escape injury. Recently sown stock should now be in rough leaves, and should be pricked out in frames or small clumps to be covered with hand-glasses. A few of each of the kinds of cauliflower should be potted to keep in frames all winter. Lettuces to be sown to stand the winter, if not done already. Choose a sheltered piece of well-drained ground. Those sown three weeks since to be planted out under walls or in patches to be protected with hand lights.—Gci/rdeners' Weekly Magazine and Floricultural Cabinet. —

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