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POLITICAL GOSSIP. 1 ,-+-'

LITERATURE AND THE ARTS. --

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LITERATURE AND THE ARTS. WE understand that the subscribers to the Liver- pool Sir Rowland Hill gift fund have appointed a com- mittee to decide upon some work of art as an appro- priate testimonial. IT may be mentioned that the sice chssen for the royal pavilion at Perth is the spot on which King Robert III. of Scotland is said to have viewed trie sanguinary battle between Clan Chatt&n ana Clan Kay, commemorated in the Fair Maid of Perth." THE British Museum is becoming greatly enriched by the antiquities found in the course of constructing the Metropolitan Main Drainage Works. Human skulls and animal remains, pottery, Roman coffins, fragments of metal and flint work, as well as a marble sarcophagus, are among some of the recent additions to the traces of the history of the Roman occupation. THE recently-issued report of the Science and Art Department of the Committee of Council on Educa- tion is an interesting parliamentary volume. The third examination of science classes throughout the United Kingdom, under the system instituted by the minute of June, 1859, was held in May, and the fourth examination of teachers in November. The increase last year was considerable in the number under in- struction. In 1862 there were 70 clauses, numbering 2,543, and last year there were 93 clauses, numbering 3,111. The navigation schools have remained during the past year nearly stationary. With regard to art, the National Art Training School at South Kensington has been attended by a total, exclusive of the training and free classes, of 288 students in the spring session, and 382 students in the autumn session, and the total received in fees was £ 1,548 9s. The class of students in training for masterships numbered 47, and that of free students 55. As many as 7,930 children of poor schools in London have been taugnt through the agency of the training schools, and the total number of all classes who have received instruction has been 9,166. The total number of schools of art in the United Kingdom is 90. Three new schools have been opened at Shrewsbury, Perth, and Lincoln, whilst those at Bridgnorth and Reading, which had ceased to receive aid, have, under the new minute, come again into connection with the depart- ment. In the local schools of art 16,480 persons have received instruction during the past year, compared with 15,907 in 1862, whilst in the public schools taught through the agency of these schools, 79,305 children have been taught, being 7,882 more than were so taught in 1862. The report gives a full description of the South Kensington Museum. Gifts of pictures continue to be made to the museum, and the In- spector-General for Art points out the desirability of establishing some definite and concerted principle of action which may be applicable to the modern pic- tures belonging to the National Gallery and that de- partment. The committee consider his suggestion deserves attentive consideration. The committee con- sider that the time has arrived when some system may be usefully established of interchanging reproduc- tions of the most valuable objects between this museum and the museums abroad, and they have taken preliminary steps for carrying out a plan. The public will recollect that the Princess of VVales allowed her wedding presents to be exhibited in the South Kensington Museum. During^ the seventeen ^jays they were opened to the public in April and May, they were visited by 229,425 persons. Sevet al of the days were students' days," when non-students are charged sixpence for admission to the museum, and in that manner < £ 1.254 17s. 6d. was collected, and has been vested to found two scholarships in the French School of Art. Her Royal Highness has graciously consented to their being called "The Princess of Wales's Scholarships."

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