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EPITOME OF NEWSI

AGRICULTURE. -+--

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AGRICULTURE. -+-- THE first All-England Match of the season for the Champion Ploughmen of England came off lately at the Sparkenhoe Club Meeting, near Ashby-de-la-Zouch. Considerable interest was manifested in the proceed- ings, and the ploughing, considering the dry and hard state of the land, was excellent. Foremost in the competition were the Howards of Bedford and the Ransomes of Ipswich, the match terminating in favour of Messrs. Howard. So plentiful are apples and pears this year (says the Cambridge Independent) that they scarcely pay for the gathering and cost of transmission to London, while the country markets are glutted. Of course, if any person requires fruit for dessert, and must have it, he will have to pay for it, but if he send it to market for casual sale, that is quite another matter. Plums, damsons, and walnuts are also very plentiful, but, owing to the long drought, there is a scarcity in most districts of vegetables. Potatoes are generally small, and the yield is very deficient. AT the conclusion of the Harlow Stock Fair, held last week, several lots of Welsh cattle, which were rather a drug in the market, changed ownership at reduced prices. Beasts in good condition sold at from X8 up to =615 a head; but stock requiring grass feed and autumn keep to bring them up in condition have met a dull sale. Dairying stock maintained good figures. The unsold cattle moved off early, en route for the great Michaelmas cattle fairs in the southern counties. DISPOSAL OF MILK.-—The following is an extract of a lecture delivered by J. T. Harrison, Esq., at the Royal Agricultural Hall, Cirenooster :—The most simple and remunerative method of disposing of milk is to sell it simply as milk to the consumer-ld. a pint, or 8d. a gallon, is the common wholesale price. For milk thus disposed of, we may safely say that the return per gallon is a maximum, and the expense attending it is a minimum. Thus, with much expense attending the manufacture, I find 6fd. per gallon is the most I can make by converting the milk into butter and single Gloucester cheese. But, as before remarked, quantity not quality being the object, cows giving a considerable quantity of milk are selected, and house feeding is generally followed. Hence great reliance is placed on grains as food, of which It bushels, with lOlbs. or 121bs. of hay, and ljcwt. of roots, chiefly mangel y 4 wurzel, are given daily, or in place of the hay and roots, abundance of cut green food, clover, vetches, &c., during the summer. This, with an ample supply of water, forms the daily food of the large Yorkshire cows in the London dairies. These cows yield from 600 to 1,000 gallons of milk per annum, which, at 8d. per gallon, returns from X-20 to < £ 33 each. This does not, however, by any means give an exact notion of the average yield of these cows, as it is the custom to replace those that give less than eight quarts of milk per day by others at a loss of X6 or .£7 each. TOBACCO FOR SHEEP-WASH.—It appears not to be generally known that by order of the 25th Sept. the Treasury sanctioned the continuance of the privilege of manufacturing sheep-wash from tobacco in bond (as a remedy for the scab disease) to Mr. Fleming, a mnnufacturer at Glasgow, who had been permitted in April, 1862, to commence this operation experimentally, and also to extend the permission to any other manu- facturer who might wish to avail himself of it at any port where tobacco is imported and warehoused. Notwithstanding the numerous applications that have been made on the subject, only one other manufacturer at Glasgow, and one at the port of Leith, have as yet announced their intention of fitting up premises for the purpose. The quantity of leaf tobacco that has been used in Mr. Fleming's manufactory up to August last was 8,240 lbs., from which 5,894 gallons of sheep- wash had been extracted, the greater portion of which had already been supplied to different flockmasters as samples. CATERPILLARS IN CABBAGES AND TURNIPS.— A correspondent of the Agricultural Gazette says :— The continued dry and fine weather of this summer so much reminds me of the summer climate of Australia, that it is natural to; find from your columns that the troubles from the insect world have been reproduced here also. The ravages of the caterpillar on the turnip, cabbage, and mangel crops, as described by your correspondents, are almost an annual thing in Australia. It is a gratification to find that rooks have, in attacking this pest, proved themselves the farmer's friend. We may hope to establish and colonise them with as much success as the salmon promoters appear to have had. I observe your correspon- dent states it was after the plants had been hoed and singled that the caterpillars began their depredations. This is my experience also in Tas- mania; the hoe removes the food of the insect, ] and he resorts of necessity to all that is left-your < own crops; in this way I have seen row after row of i plants fall in successive progress after the steps of ( the hoer. I set myself to detect what was the favourite food of this caterpillar, and came to the t conclusion it was the common hog-grass (Polygonum f: vulgare). I was told by a labourer he knew an instance i of a small plot being left unhoed to answer the needs t of the caterpillar, and that it remained free from attack. Perhaps some of your correspondents may t have time this season to verify or disprove this state- f ment. I am disposed to suggest for protecting any c small collection of plants the placing a row of soot c along the roots, with slight watering to dissolve the c soot, the bitterness of which will, I think, deter the a caterpillar. g

HORRIBLE AND MYSTERIOUS OCCUR,RENCE.

CHARGE OF PERJURY.

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EXTRACTS FROil "PUNCH" & "FUN?