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THE WAR IN AMERICA. !

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THE WAR IN AMERICA. -+-- The Cunard Royal mail steamer Europa, Captain Cannon, from Boston on the 14th, and Halifax on the 16th of October, has just arrived, bringing details of news, of which we give the following extracts:— Riot in New Hampshire. A dispatch, dated Great Falls, Oct. 10th, gives the following account of a draught riot:—" A mob at Jackson, in this State, on Thursday night, burnt the hotel where the deputy Provost-Marshal was stopping-while serving notices on draughted men. He narrowly escaped with his life. He has just passed through this place en route for Ports- mouth to obtain necessary assistance." Acaident to the Africa. The following dispatch, dated St. John's, New- foundland, Oct. 13, relative to the accident to the Africa, appears in the ISTew York papers :— The steahiship Africa, from Liverpool the 3rd inst., for Boston, vii Halifax, in a dense fog struck near Cape Race at ten o'clock last night. The ship was put about before she struck, but took ground.fore and aft and midship. She remained OR the rdc-k half an hour. There was considerable sea., with a southerly wind. The ship was much damaged. The boats were got ready, but were not launched. After an hour the ship floated, and the pumps speedily freed her of water. Cap- tain Stone then headed for Halifax, but afterwards thought it prudent to bear up for this port. The ship makes a good deal of water. The cargo was much damaged. State Elections. The Ohio State election for Governor has re- sulted in the defeat of Mr. Vallandigham. Brough's majority in the State is estimated at 60,000, which it is thought the votes of soldiers will bring up to 200F,000. The vote of Ohio soldiers at head- quartern in Baltimore has resulted thus: 90 votes cast, of which Brough received 87, Vallandigham t/Vro, and one ticket was erased. Returns from Pennsylvania show that Governor Curtin's. elec- tion is certain. The Republican candidate in Indiana has had a majority of 2,100, and in the counties it is stated there are also majorities, in all places there being a gain over the Republican majorities of last year. In Iowa the Republican candidate (Stone) is- also represented as having a majority. The Rappahannock. The Washington correspondent of the New York'jEvening Post, under date of the 12th of Octo- ber, writes:— The news from the Rappahanhock-no longer from the Rapiclan-is somewhat startling. There :Ls a good deal of excitement at the War Depart- ment to-day, and in official circles generally. The plans of the Government to meet the new emergency were, of course, kept secret, and if they were not it would be manifestly improper to allude to them. It is no longer doubtful that General Lee's intention was to take General Meade -entirely by surprise, cut him off from retreat beyond the Rappahannock, and destroy the army of the Potomac. This fine plan has been defeated, and it remains to be seen whether the .rebels will attack our forces behind their new line of defences. Rumours have been circulating on the street to day of a ridiculous character. For instance, it is said that General Meade is falling back upon Alexandria and Washington, and that preparations were making here for the entire army of the Potomac. Another rumour is to the effect that Meade was badly whipped yesterday, and is in a ruinous and bloody fight to-day. These reports are false. The news which comes first from aa army after battle is not to be relied upon, for those who usually bring it are scared by the fighting they have seen or heard about. The news-carriers from fthe army who arrived here this morning assert that General Lee had 120,000 men with him, and that he means to advance upon Washington. The numbers given must be grossly exaggerated. It is not considered possible in military circles that Lee has over 60,000 troops under his command. If he has, these troops have been withdrawn from Charleston and other points for the movement upon Meade. It is evident that the rebels understand the art of concentrating troops rapidly, and that we do not. I hear the ex- clamation almost everywhere this morning, How large an army Jeff. Davis must have to take the offensive at so many points Yet there is not a major-general in the service who does not believe /chat we have to-day 150,000 more troops in the field than the rebels have. But by their manage- ment of their own troops they are rendered superior in strength to ours, for wherever a battle occurs there the rebels have the largest number of troops. We have thousands of soldiers at this moment lying idle, far removed from the points where they are needed, The Situation. From Washington a dispatch of the 11th says -For two or three days past the enemy have been concentrating- a heavy force around Madison Court- hptise, and Friday night and Saturday morning they moved out of town in a northwardly direc- tion. A division of infantry, a large body of cavalry, and a considerable artillery were occa- sionally seen by our signalmen through openings ill the forest, which generally conceal the road. The object of the movement could not at that time be determined. Yesterday evening reports from the front represented that early in the morning one of General Kilpatrick's cavalry brigades, con- sisting of the 5th Michigan, 5th New York, 7th Pennsylvania and another regiment, attempteda re- connaissance on the south side of Robertson's river; when they were met by a large body of Stuart's rebel cavalry. A fight ensued, continuing an hour, when our troops fell back upon the infantry reserves. After another severe contest the infantry were compelled to give way, and a considerable number of them were captured. A detachment of our cavalry then dashed upon the enemy, re- taking all, with the exception of fifteen or twenty of the infantry. Our entire force were then pushed back towards Culpepper, skirmishing on the way, and contesting every foot of the ground. Heavy firing in the afternoon indicated that the contest had been renewed. Our signal-station at the top of Thoroughfare Mountain was nearly cut off, but the entire party, with their property, escaped. It appears to be generally believed that the main body of General A. P. Hill's corps has passed from the left to the right of our front, pursuing an obscure route near the Blue Ridge, intending to make a demonstration on our right rear for the purpose of cutting off our railroad communi- ,r cation. Measures are progressing to give him a fitting' reception in that quarter; but, should the rebel movement be simply a ruse to cover a heavy attack on our front, we are prepared for it, as the ground has been cleared of everything calculated to embarrass a general and vigorous battle on our part. The advance of General Hill's corps probably commenced moving from Madison Court-house on Thursday morning, and by this time is between Gourdoine Fork and the Astharis River. It was positively stated yesterday morning that the rebel cavalry and in- fantry were upon the Sperryville and Cul- pepper Pike. On Friday some guerillas were seen on Pony Mountain, three miles south-east of Cul- pepper, and are reported to have been secreted in Devil's-den, a cave in the mountains. A citizen who was required to conduct a scouting party thither failed to find it; and, under the belief that ho purposely misled our party, he has been arrested. Courtesies to Foreign Naval Officers. The New York Evening Post of the 13th gives the following sketch:— To-day the visit of the Russian and other officers of war vessels in our harbour was to have .been made by invitation of the Commissioners of Public Charities and Correction/and some of the persons invited embarked at half-past nine o'clock this morning on board the revenue cutter Addison F. Andrews, which was lying at Pier No. 1, East River. Shortly before ten o'clock President Draper came on board and invited the guests to take passage on another steamer, the John Romer, which it appears had been substituted for the revenue cutter. Without any music, any demon- stration, or any distinguished guests, except English officers and Thurlow Weed, the steamer slipped her cable and headed into the bay. It was understood that the steamer would proceed to the Russian flagship and take on board the Russian officers, but she passed Governor's Island and headed up the East River. At Bellevue Hospital, one of the in- stitutions," a large party was assembled. There were Frenchmen, Spaniards, Austrians, and private citizens of New. York. Including the persons taken on board at Bellevue, the guests of the commissioners were more than a hundred. Among the number were three admirals—Farragut, of our navy, Milne, of the British navy, and Rey- naud, of the French navy. These admirals were, of course, the" observed." Admiral Farragut, who is a small man and not of stern aspect, re- ceived, however, a greater amount of attention than any of the foreigners on board, with a single exception-namely, Count Sandovae, the com- mander of Moro Castle, Cuba. The count is a very small man of wiry frame, determined expres- sion of countenance, though affable, and is dressed in a grey coat, red pantaloons, and white cap, surmounted by a small feather. He al89 wears numerous crosses, medals, and other insignia of his rank and services. Admiral Reynautl is a very large man. He is not a Frenchman of the ordinary type. He is not quick, energetic, nervous, and excessively polite, but is a solid man, ad- mirably adapted for the somewhat saonotoiiaas duties of a naval commander in time- of peace; aDd he is doubtless a persistent warrior. The English admiral is not a representative of English- men, so far as his personal habits and appearance are concerned. He is -very tail, and his increments are not formal. The admiral, if in citizens'(3- dress, might easily be mistakM for a "Yankee" from New EmgdandL General Van Vliet and Cyras W. Field came on board but departed. The of the Russians wafsr. the subject of Hraeh remark,. It transpired, howerer, that Admiral lissovsky had at the last moment tiselined th»-invitation sent to hem to make tSwBvisit ok; thegroursd-of "previous engage- ments," wMch it MTanderstofj-tfi referred to the en- gagement to-visit Kaagara FaSsj though that excur- sion will notprobably take place-tilli near the end ef the week. niB- believed that a dieinclimtion to m-- company certain* gueste in the visit assisted in deter- ring the Russians froa* attending: to-day, AdIlliml; Lissovsky indscatediohi8notetk>2Jfchea<ad!hisofficer» would see the institutibiis on seme other occasion The steamer with' the- guests cm> board1 arrived at Randall's Island- at afoeat half-past' elev-sn o'clock The Island Guard, dressed in gusy -Liniferms, and numbering who we?» well ibiBsd as soldiers, were dsawnup esuthe beaah, awlvrelemned the guests on their debereation with a JEarehing salute. A hundred girls- also assisted in the welcome. This proceeding? was clsemed1 of, much interest. President Draper and one -or two- other members of the oommiss-iwailed the-parly fro the iBstitutionson Randall's Isfend. Ti«re arefoKsrfceen departments, audi 800' cMidiren. The Herae of Refuge was nexte visited, and then BlaekweH's Island., with, tlie- alfntioxiae, the ""OYkho-æe; the. lum&tic asylum, aaad- other B^nldinesi- SHattasaajga. The state of things in and is tifcus deseribedl in a letter from Washington Thixgs are anchaaged, with, the exception tfeast the eneisay have removed their aartillery from Lookout Motmtain, "where iiiey have^had ten pieces ia<p@ea- tion, and appear to hav& somewhat witirlrawn their fiorees. It isssupposeei.that they will concen- trate their artiller^on iMissam^ridge.. Some at the rebel pieces are heavy, and;, seem to > carry well. They hold both laokoiit jESTcssntain and; Migsaoai- IV ridge, from whic& £ they threw shelin on tha 4-tth and 5th inst. Qn the lattayi day about ISO ahe-Es werre. thrown- by the enemy; Thay, however, inflicted no damas^- beyon^i-^undissg. three- men and killing one horse. have several Eiaes of intrenchmente, and extensive esscthworfea axe still going up, The »iI:an,. of the- enemy appears to be not to make attach In front, but to con^al;us simply holding- uts- in our present position, with their army in eMB-fmont annoying- as, wit<&. tSseir artillery, and breaking our lines of sommunieation by eavalry raids in our The last part, of this programme is, n@tv being, carried out, by W&seler's cavalry, which managed to, cross the Teaoiessee River at Cotton. Fort Ferajs, near Kashville- After crossing the mmut body moved aright cm. in. a northerly direction. A-, ]?ar.t of the in with the traim of the Mth Araay Corps- Bear Anderson, in tliie Sequatchey YaUgy, stamg>adsed off the teamsters* and destroyed about 200" and 300 wagons, aboiri 30 of which were loaded with am- munition, and the remainder with clotMag and supplies. Tie mules that could, not shot, numbering several hundrad. Wife, the as- sistance of the reinforcements already- arrived movements will soon Itmade tkai it ishoped will drive the rebels from G-ur front. The ajtmy is still well supplied with but clothing and blankets, the want of which ia, the anusaally cool weather eauses considerable suffering. All the wounded able to bear remsacal haw been senj North. The casualties in tha-late battles will nci be less than 15,000i On Thursday the rebels froia the opposite side 0f the rivsr nred. i:¡.,tø. our wagon and ambulance tsaams passaag over-the valley road, wounding two aaen and killing and wounding several giules. They seeaaed deteBinined on em- barrassing our transportation; m every possible way. The foarees of Wheeler,, after burning a portion of Shelbyville, were- at backed by Colonel Crook not far from that place on Wednesday. We killed o»e hundred and twenty of the. rebels, took three hundred prisoners and three pieces of of artillery. The reM s were pursued by e'ur forces, in the direction of Fay etteviDe, overtaken, and three hundred more prisoners captured. At last accounts they were being closely pursued into the interior by our force, which is supposed to be large enough to take care of them. There seems to be good reason for believing that the rebels had a fight among themselves on last Monday, in which 500 or 600 were killed and wounded. Deserters who have come in confirm the statement, but differ as to the cause and force engaged. One version is that the Georgia troops refused to cross the Chichamanga, and that Withers's division was sent down to compel them and the other is that Tennessee troops had refused to obey orders, and that Long- street's forces were sent against them with the result indicated. The line of battle and the flash of the guns could be distinctly seen from the mountain tops. It will be remembered that this occurred at the time of their cannonading on Mon- day, by which we concluded this was the nature of their trouble. — ♦

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