EPITOME OF NEW3. The effect of sugar and tobacco on the teeth, says the Lancet, was discussed at a congress of German surgeon- dentists, recently held at Frankfort. The congress decided in both instances that the articles, when taken in a pare state, and not in immoderate quantities, are not injurious. It is to be regretted that the second porpoise sent to the Zoological Gardens has got a severe cold. It was caught oif Boston, in Lincolnshire, and came up by train wrapped in a wet blanket and enveloped in wet grass. It is no wonder that, after such treatment, his respirations or blowings are described as "something between a cough and a sneeze." He has been placed in the pond with the sturgeon, which seems very jjalous of him. He never opens his eyes, and is evidently bad with the influenza. South Australia is about to change its desig- nation, which is a misnomer, as part of it is in west, part in north, and part in central as well as southern Australia. It is proposed thilt the name of the late good Queen Dowager should be extended from the capital to the entire colony. In the Birmingham Court a first dividend of 6s. 8d. in the pound has been declared on the estate of Messrs. Morgan and Adams, bankers, of Hereford and Ross. This dividend is upon proofs amounting to about £ 140,600. A final dividend of one farthing in the pound has also been declared on the estate of Messrs. Owen and Glltch, bankers, of Worcester. This makes a totalof 10s. 3fd. paid by this estate. The Electric Telegraph Company's sub- marine communication with the Isle of Man has been restored, and messages can now be forwarded to Douglas, Peel, and Ramsey. The directors of the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company have declared a dividend of three pounds per share pet of the ordinary profits, and a'bonus of thirty shillings per share from the Insurance Fund, both free of income tax, the warrants for which will be issued shortly. Lord Carlingford is resolved to dispute the honours of M. Nadar, the French aeronaut. He claims for himself the credit of discovering the principle of aerial navigation, and promises that, in a short time, he will make the chariot" upon which he has been experimenting for so many years fly in any direction." The efeath of Mr. Weld, of Lutworth Castle, Dorsetshire, is announced. This gentleman, the representative of one of the oldest Roman Catholic families of England- was born in 1777, and was the son of the founder of Stoneyhurst College. The deceased gentleman was a great patron of yachting, was himself a skilful boatman, and singularly successful in the construction and sailing of his yachts. A pear tree (the "William), which has borne a crop of fruit this season, is now in full bloom for the second time. Jt cas'be seen growing in a small yard at the Gardeners' Arms, Ingleton-street, Brixton. The Cavalry Barracks at Knightsbridge, it is said, will shortly be pulled down, and that new barracks will be erected near Hans-place, Sloane-street. Mr. Dance, of Birmingham, predicted a worse earthquake than the: last" to come off on Saturday last, but it didn't. An interesting lottery is promised on Christinas Day in St. George's-in-the-East, namely, a dip into a bag by a number of girls for the prize of £100, which is to be given to the fortunate one when she can select a husband suitable for her Colonel the Right Hon. Lord Berwick has,. with extraordinary liberality, presented to each of the coips comprising the 2nd Battalion of the Shropshire Rifle Volunteers a handsome silver cup, to be competed for among themselves. It is currently reported in Paris that the Empress of Russia is in very bad health, and that the doctors give little hope of her recovery. Two of the I I Long Firm," who gave the names of Edwards and James, came to grief the other day at Knutsford Sessions. They each got eighteen months' imprisonment for defrauding a Manchester tradesman out of X50 worth of furniture. A large number of receipts for goods, obtained under like circumstances, were found on the prisoners. Amongst other things purchased were a Milner's safe, a garden roller, a dog- -cart, a wasliing machine, wine, cigars, &c. The Galway Packet Company are doomed to be unfortunate. Another steamer has come in late, and this time no less than two days late. At the same time one of the Cunard line made a splendid passage, and brought news from the United States to within a week of the time of her arrival. In consequence of the tower of Bristol Cathedral being considered man umafe condition. it will moH probably be taken down and rebuilt. The expense is estimated at about 10,00"i, of which sum, it is reported, the Dean and Chapter will supply £ 6,000. It is said that it has been for some time the fashion witb some RomanCartholics to visit Westminster Abbey on the anniversary of the Translation of Edward the Confessor, and perform a service of adoration before the shrine. They were prevented doing so this year, however, by the authorities, who (iireated the Confessor's Chapel to be closed on that day, in order to put a stop to the practice. The Rev. Joseph Stephenson, who is supposed to have been the oldest member of the University of Cambridge, died last week. He was eiVucated at St. John's College, and graduated in 1791, three years previously to the late Lord Lynd- fcurst. In 1802 he was presented to the rectory of Selworthy, near Miaehead, Somerset, and held it up to the day of his death. The benefice, which is worth X340 a year, is in the gift of Sir T. D. Acland. Dispatches forwarded to the Secretary of State for War from Lieutenant-General Cameron, commanding the troops in New Zealand, have just been published in the Gazette, and entirely corroborate the accounts formerly received. The Lords of the Treasury have approved of Leeds as an inland bending town; and the Commissioners of Customs have promulgated an order that wines, spirits, tobacco, tea, and other goods, may be deposited, ufider bond, in premises set apart for that purpose from November 2nd, when the Dew arrangement will take effect. The only other towns in possession of this privilege are Bradford, Halifax, and Manchester. A French medical journal says that hydro- phobia may be cured by a single vapour bath. The officers of the 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards, quartered at Dundalk, have presented their commanding officer, Colonel Shute, with a handsome four-in-hand drag. At a meeting last week Sir William Page Wood, the Vice-Cham cellar, said of Sunday-schools he should know something, having been a Sunday-school teacher six and twenty years. This announcement was received with loud applause. Mr. Justice Byles, at a recent sitting in Cham- bers, very kindly warned both plaintiff and defendant against law, and, in mercy to both, refused their application to fight it out in a superior court. The original sum at stake was a' sovereign. The chrysanthemum show in the Temple- gardens it is thought will be the finest display ever witnessed in any London square or street. The prices of wheaten bread in the metro- polis are from 7d. to 7 £ d.; of household ditto, 6d. to 6'd. Some bakers are selling from 4jd. to 5jd. per 41b. loaf, weighed on delivery. The polling of Barnstaple resulted in the return of Mr. Lloyd, the liberal candidate. He appears to have taken the lead early, and maintained it finally to the close, eventually winning by 21 votes. The Royal burgh of Linlitbgow has become bankrupt, and Provost Dawson appeared last week before Sheriff-Substitute Home in the Sheriff Court-house to represent the bankrupt burgh. The liabilities, consisting chiefly of law expenses, amounted to £5,814 19s. 2d., and the assets were only £ 935 16s. 6d. v. The dissolution of the Prussian Chamber has not benefited the King. In Berlin the old Liberal majority has been increased, and the elections in the provinces are believed to have gone the same way. A dispatch from Vienna affirms that the Polish insurrection is increasing steadily in the governments of PTock, Lublin, and Cracow. From the Gallician frontiers also, the insurgents obtain constant supplies, whilst, it is stated, the Russians energetically carry out the policy of extermination. The outgoing mail steamer Atrica, from Liverpool to America, has met with an accident near Cape Race, where so many awful disasters have occurred. Fortunately, the Africa got to St. John's, though with extensive damage.
PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL BROKEN INTO. A series of daring' robberies have lately been at- tempted in the neighbourhood of Peterborough. In several instances the scoundrels have been foiled in their efforts, but in one case they have unhappily met with greater success. On Sunday morning it was dis- covered that the cathedral had been broken into and a considerable amount in money carried away. In the nave of the cathedral immediately in front of the altar screen, was a carved oak box strongly bound with iron, and bolted, for additional security, into one of the pillars. An inscription stated that it was the offertory for the Peterborough Dispensary, and on Saturday it is calculated that there would be about < £ 20 in gold, silver, and copper in this chest. When the vergers entered the building, between ten and eleven o'clock on Sunday morning, they found that the solid fastenings of the chest had been wrenched away, the lid opened, and the entire contents ab- stracted, with the exception of two three-penny pieces. Great violence had evidently been exerted, and the fastenings of the chest showed marks of their having been attempted in more than one place. The thieves 'had obtained an entrance to the edifice by forcing open a window on the south side of the Lady Chapel, about eight or ten feet from the ground. A large tomb enabled them to climb up outside with compara- tive ease, and the window cords and a stone seat ren- dered their descent into the building almost equally easy. In effecting this, however, one of them seems to have fallen- heavily, for a piece of the stone work of the seat was found broken off. They left behind them a "jemmy," but nothing to lead to their identification. Two suspicious looking persons were seen in the cathedral on Saturday, and it is believed that they were the perpetrators of the crime.
SHOCKING MURDER REAR BATH. A dreadful affair, nearly amounting to a double murder, was perpetrated at the village, of Willow, situate about £ ve miles from Bath, at an early hour on Thursday morning. It appears that several young farmers had been enjoying themselves on Wednesday evening at the New Inn, in the village, and left aDout twelve o'clock. On reaching the residence of one Anna Roberts they remained outside joking, when the woman came out and requested them to go on. They all did so, with the exception of one (Cole), who, instead of doing so, picked up a handful of some pea haulm, which had been left from the annual fair held last Monday, and threw it at her. This seems to have exasperated her, and she ran into the house and provided herself with a reaping hook. On returning to the street she ran at Cole and struck him a severe blow in the chest, which induced him to exclaim, 1 m a dead man." Two or three of the others had by tins time returned, when Roberts made a rush towards the deceased, named Jeremiah Haines, who, in his en- deavours to get away from her, stumbled over a heap of the pea haulm and fell, the woman falling on him. She then threatened she would kill him, and com- menced striking at him most violently with the sickle. After inflicting several blows, it appeared she left him and returned to the house. The cries of murder at- tracted several who were in bed to the spot, who seeing the condition of the unfortunate man sent for Mr. Hinton, of Chailer-house, but before his arrival life departed. On examination it was found Haines had received a severe wound in the neck, which had pene- trated several inches, dividing the carotid artery, and separating the right ear. On the right side, a terrific wound, sufficiently large to admit the human hand, was discovered, which had almost cut the liver in two. The right wrist was nearly chopped through, and three of the fingers were all but cut off. The left hand was also chopped through the palm, and the thumb nearly cut off. The woman is now in custody. The deceased is reported as a quiet, inoffensive man, and is said to have had nothing to do with annoying Roberts. An inquest was held on the body of the unfortunate man on Saturday, when, in addition to the evidence of the men in the company of the deceased, Mr. Joseph Hinton, surgeon, of Hinton Charterhouse, said: I yesterday made a post-mortem examination of the body of Jeremiah Haines, assisted by Mr. R. Biggs, surgeon of Bath. Externally we noticed on the right hand cuts across the knuckles, that on the fore finger laying open the joint, and that on the second and third dividing the extensor tendons. A little above the wrist was a deep wound, going down to the small bone of the arm. On the left hand was a large cut in the fleshy part of the hand, penetrating through the muscles, almost through the wrist joint. On the right side of the body there was a wound about two inches in length, which injured one of the ribs, aud passed deeply down into the abdomen. On the right side of the neck I appeared a large wound cutting through the ear, part of which was severed, and passing down deeply into the right side of the neck. The left eye was blackened, but it was of some few days' standing. On opening the body we found that the weapon had entered the cavity of the chest very low down, partly cutting through the rib, then the diaphragm, passing to the back of the liver till. it reached the spine, slicing off in its course the top ef the right kidney, and dividing the large muscles of the side of the spine actually to the bone. The wound in the neck we traced from below upwards, dividing the vessels in the chest, and, carefully dissecting up, we discovered that the cut had pene- trated the muscles, opened the sheath of the deep vessels of the neck, and made an incision of above half an inch in length in the internal jugular vein. The artery was wounded, and such was the cause of death. I believe the injury in the neck was produced by a curved instrument, and all the wounds by such an instrument as that produced. I examined the clothes of the deceased and found the cuts in them to correspond with those on the body. The jury returned a verdict of "Wilful Murder" against Harriet Roberts, who was committed to Taun- ton gaol for trial at the next assizes.
THE REV. H. W. BEECHER AT EXETER HALL. On Tuesday evening a lecture was delivered at Exeter-hall, under the auspices of the Emancipation Society, by the Rev. H. W. Beecher. The meeting was one of the most enthusiastic perhaps ever held in London. The admission was by tickets, the lowest charge for which was Is., and for the reserved seats, of which there were 400, the charge was 2s. 6d. More than an hour before the time for the proceedings to commence the main entrance in the Strand was be- sieged by crowds of persons anxious to obtain admis- sion, and soon after the doors were opened the room was filled to suffocation, and thousands were outside, seeking, but unable to obtain admission, and, in conse- quence, a meeting was held in Exeter-street, which was addressed by several speakers, and the shouts of the people were heard from time to time in the hall. On the platform were the Rev. Newman Hall, Rev. Dr. Halley, Rev. Hugh Allen, Rev. W. Brock, Rev. J. Hinton, Rev. Dr. Bunting, Professor Newmarch, Pro- fessor Neath, Mr. George Thompson, Mr. J. Cassell, Mr. W. Wilks, &c. &c. Mr. Benjamin Scott, the City Chamberlain, in the chair. The Rev. H. W. Beecher, on coming forward, was received with loud and reiterated cheering. The fol- lowing are extracts from his speech of some hours' duration :—Ladies and gentlemen, the kind reception I have received in this country requires but a single word from me. I should be glad. if I could take all the credit which has been generously ascribed to me, but I am not old enough to have been the pioneer of the anti-slavery cause in the United States of America; and when I think of such men as Wild, Garritt, Levitt, Godfrey, W. Lloyd Garrison, and Wendell Phillips; when I think of the multitude of that peculiar class of Christians called "Friends;" when I remember that I came in afterwards to build on their foundations, I cannot permit, in this free country, the honours to be put upon me and wrested from those who deserve them far more than I do (hear, hear). When I began my public life I fell into the ranks under appropriate captains,, and fought as well as I knew how in the ranks under their command. I have endeavoured to rekindle the feeling of the British public against this system. There can be no doubt that slavery is the only and sole cause of that gigantic and cruel war which is now desolatingthe American continent. Let me ask you to look at this struggle in its moral aspects. I do not ask you take our case and bolt it bones, and flesh, but to put yourselves in our tracks for an hour, and look at these subjects as we look upon them, and then form your judgment (hear, hear). And first, as to the earliest form in which the conflict took place between the North and the South: you will bear in mind that it was purely moral (hear, hear). It was a conflict of opinion and of truths, in which, by argu- ment and appeal to moral means, it was sought to persuade the slave-holders to adopt some gradual mode of emancipating their slaves. Well, this was thought by the South insulting to them, and as the South apolo- gised for slavery instead of defending it, the North were induced to keep silence. That was the earliest form of the fallacy. The next stage of the conflict was political, and it arose from the attempt of the South, to extend their system far into the North, to fill all the offices of the State, at home and abroad, with men loyal to slavery, to shut up the road (which they did effectually) to political preferment to all men who desired to be influential for freedom, and to corrupt the young and ambitious, by obliging them to swear fealty to slaverv. as the main condition of political success. A direct attempt on the part of the North to abolish slavery would have been revolutionary. It would have destroyed the constitution by a violation of a funda- mental principle of State independence. This peculiar structure of our Government is not so unintelligible to Englishmen as you may think. It is only taking an English idea on a larger scale. We borrowed it from you. A great many do not understand that there should be a State independence under a national Government. Now, I am not well posted in your affairs, but the Chamberlain is, and can tell you if I am wrong when I say that there belongs to the city of London certain rights which Parliament cannot meddle with, and yet there are other elements in which the Parliament-that is, the will'of the nation-is just as supreme as over any other town or city in the realm. Now, if you understand that the city of London can maintain its own rights even against Parliament, then you understand the principle of the American Government, by which certain matters are exclusively for local jurisdiction, and do not belong to the national Government (hear, hear). I will give you another illustration, which will come home to your bed and bosom. There is not a street ia London where, if an Englishman gets sight of his house, but he can say that house is my castle;" and there is no law which can tell that man how many members shall compose his family, how he shall dress his children, or what their meals shall consist of. The interior economy of the house belongs to the members of the family, and the Government cannot interfere in it. But yet the house is part of a street, and the street part of the city. The States come together with this doctrine—that each State, in respect of its interests and institutions that were local and peculiar to it, was to have undivided sovereignty over its own affairs; but that all such questions as commerce with other nations, and treaties of peace, should be under the general Government. The general Government had no more power than was delegated to it, and the J matters which pertain to the domestic economy of the States were never given to it. We were bound by the fundamental law. The great conflict between the North and the South when we began this war was, which should control the government of the territories slave institutions or free institutions. That was the conflict. It was not emancipation or no emancipation. But it was asked why not let the South go (hear. hear) ? It was asked, Since they won't live at peace with you, why not let them separate (hear, hear)? The answer is because they would be less peaceful separate than they are together. If the South would only go it might be all very well; but thev are determined to stay, and that is the' trouble. We are ready to promise free passage to every mother s son of them if they will only go—but we say, "the territory is ours—it belongs to the nation" (hear, hear, and laughter). Let them go and leave the nation its territory, and they will have our unanimous assent. I will ask you to-night to stand for a moment in our place, see the question as we see it, and then make up your judgment. This was begun by the act of the South firing upon the old flag that had covered both sections, North and South, with glory and protection. I expected to be hoarse, and am willing to be so if I can bring again mother and daughter hand to hand and heart to heart (a burst of applause). If I could succeed in so good a work I would willingly be silent for twelve months after- wards. Well this war began under circumstances that obliged the North to join issue in order to prevent actual annihilation and subjugation. The key of the country was in Southern hands, they had robbed our arsenals and taken our treasures. They had possession of all the most important offices in both the army and the navy—they had, too, the advantage of having long an- ticipated and prepared for the conflict. We knew not who to trust. One man failed and another failed. Men pensioned by the Government, and men lived upon the Government to betray it. There was not one Judas, but 1,000 in our country, and to have given up our territory and oar principles without a struggle and without a blow would have been craven and mean (hear). The honour and safety of the grand experiment of self-government by free institutions demanded that so flagitious a violation of the principles of free voting as that which said if our party is outvoted we will make war with our opponents if they don't give us our own way, should not be suffered (cheers). Would you Englishmen to permit a minority dictate to you or to proclaim themselves independent, if you did not accept their will (no, no; never) ? "This doctrine of secession is the huge revolutionary millstone that grinds national life into powder-it is anarchv on velvet (che^s); We know it, for we have fought with this demon, slavery, and understand him better than you do. We had to deal with a people in the South who never kept faith. They have disturbed the land as Ahab, of cursed memory, did Israel (cheers, and some expressions of dissent). And we find this Ahab in the way, saying, "Art thou he that troubleth Israel" (cheers) ? But now we know the nature of these people. We know that a truce will be a cloud breathing thunder and lightning, and that the object of the South is time and opportunity to give them the means of taking possession of the whole continent in the name of the devil and slavery (cheers). One more reason why we will not let the contest end and then begin again, and that is that we do not want to become a military people (hear, and laughter). There are many people who say America is becoming too strong (no, no). She is dangerous to the peace of the world, but if you permit or favour this division the South of necessity becomes a military nation, and the North will be compelled to be a military nation likewise. She must have forts along the frontier of 1,500 miles, and she must have men to man them. She would require to keep up a standing army of 250,000 men, and when a nation has a large standing army she is in constant danger of being involved in wars. Previous to the war the legal force of our army was 25,000 men-that was all-and the actual number was only 18,000. That was all that was required, and the Tribune and other papers occupied themselves in writing down this army as a mob and a nuisance. But let this division take place and instead of 18,000 you will have a standing army of 200,000, and there will be an army of 150,000 or 200,000 in the South; and when America is forced to keep up such enormous armies depend upon it she will be like a boy with a knife in his hand, she will always be wanting to whittle with it (cheers, and laughter). It is the interest, then, of the whole civilised world that our nation should be united, that its Government should be under the control of that part of America which has always been for peace, and 'that it should be wrested from the control of that portion of the nation that has always been going for more territory—that has always been the supporter of filibustering, and always shown itself foremost in attacking foreign nations (hear, hear). Independent of questions of pounds, shillings, and pence—independent of questions of national honour—independent of all secular considerations, there is the far more important one—our duty to God in removing a continent from the blast and blight of slavery (cheers). How many are those whose voices are sounding all over England, saying let slavery go ? It is recorded in the biography of one of the most noble of your sons, Sir Fowell Buxton, that on one occasion when a large and favourite aog of his was seized with hydrophobia, with wonderful presence of mind and energy, he seized the animal by the neck, and rushing with him down the street, held him till help came to slay the brute, and he was slain and all mischief averted. What if there had been then men saying, Let him go (hear, hear) ? Is there a person here who does not feel the moral influence of that man, who, rather than allow the dog to go on biting man, woman, and child, puts his own life in jeopardy to prevent him (hear, hear). And shall we let slavery, which is mad, mad, go biting millions of people ? We will part with life and limb, and all that we have first (cheers). Now, these considerations are not exaggerated. No man can understand how great they are till he stands in our midst in America,. No man can understand how firm the national feeling is in the North on this sub- ject. It is deeper than the sea; it, is firmer than the hills; it is as serene as the sky over our heads (cheers). But it is said, what a terrible business this war of extermination is, and I have seen it stated that a pes- tilent fellow from America, purporting to be a minister of the gospel, had come over to England, and had said that he was in favour of a war of extirmHiatipn. Well, if he said so he will stiddo it (hisses, drowned by cheers). Listen to me a moment. If I am to take the respon- sibility of my words it is only fair that I should state them in my own way. We believe that this war is the test of our institutions we believe that it is a life and death struggle with two principles of liberty and slavery. We believe that it is the cause of the com- mon people the world over against their oppressors. We believe that every struggling nationality on the globe will be stronger if we conquer this odious oligarchy of slavery (cheers), and that every oppressed people in the world will be weaker if we are shoved to the wall. We regard it as an awful, and yet glorious part of the struggle which has been going on for hundreds of years in every nation between right and wrong, between virtue and vice, between liberty and despotism, between freedom and bondage. It carries with it all the future condition of our vast continent, and seeing all this, we have consecrated all that we have—our children, our wealth, our national stores- and we lay them on the altar and say it is better that all the North has should perish than-that it should betray this hope of the oppressed, and should not uphold the cause of civilisation (cheers). And if we say this for ourselves shall we say less for the slaves ? Shall we enable them to oppress four millions of people with impunity, or shall we do for them what we want for ourselves ? Standing on our hearthstones, standing on the altars of the church, we will sacrifice all but principle. But I hear a loud protest against war. I regard this British horror of the American war as something wonderful. On what shore has not the prows of your ships touched-what land is there with a name and a people where your banner has not carried your soldiers and your sailors ? When the great resurrec- tion reveille shall sound it will muster British soldiers and sailors from every country under heaven. It is said, "But this is a war against your own blood." Why, how long is it since you poured soldiers into Canada and let all your yards work night and day to avenge the taking of two men out of the Trent, and was not this against your own blood ? And yet you tell us, the North, who have inherited your blood and your pluck, that we must not fight. The parent has got so old that he begins to chide the child for what he himself formerly did, and then the child says, Father and mother are getting so old that they must be taken away from their present home and come and live with us (hisses and cheers). Perhaps you think that the old island will do a little longer; perhaps you think that there is coal enough, and that the stock is not quite run out yet; but whenever England comes to that state, and she durst not go to war for a principle of national life, she had better emigrate to America (cheers). A gentleman asks me to say a word about the Russians (hear, hear). Well, what about the Russians in New York harbour (cheers) ? The fact is that it is a little piece of coquetry. Don't you know that when a woman thinks that her suitor is not at- tentive enough she picks out another and flirts with him in her lover's face? Well, New York is in the same way flirting with Russia at this moment, but she has her eye on Russia you may depend (hear). When I hear men say this is a piece of national folly which is not becoming in a people reputed wise and under the solemn circumstances in which America is now placed; when I hear it said, while Russia is actually engaged in treading down the liberties of Poland (hear, hear) it is not even decent of a free country like the Northern States of America to make believe to flirt with her (hear, hear, and "That is true"). Well, I think so too, and now you know how we felt when you flirtad with Mason at your Lord Mayor's banquet (cheers, and hear, hear). It don't hurt us for you Englishmen to tell us our faults—I hope it does not hurt you Britishers for us to tell you some of yours (hear, hear). All I ever said against England I would say quite as readily, and more so, before her face as behind her back, and when we feared that England was about to lend her military influence to the main- tenance of a system of oppression, I denounced her as I should under the same circumstances denounce her again (hear, hear). But when I look not to the senti- ments of popular assemblies but to such significant acts as the detention of those rams at Liverpool (cheers)—when I look to such weighty words as those spoken by Earl Eussell at Glasgow and by the At- torney-General at Richmond-when I look at the acts and declarations of your Government, accompanied by what I have seen and felt of the enthusiasm of the English people—declarations and an enthusiasm which come home most to the American heart-I feel that the two nations are still one in the cause of civilisa- tion, of religion, and I trust we shall continue to be one in international policy, and one in every enterprise having for its object the furtherance qf the Gospel and the happiness of mankind (cheers). After some further remarks the rev. gentleman resumed his seat amid loud and protracted cheering. Professor Newman moved a vote of thanks to the- speaker, which was unanimously carried. The usual vote of thanks to the chairman closed the meeting.
Outside the Hall. The scene outside Exeter-hall was one of a most extra-ordinary description. The lecture of the Rev. Mr. Beecher was advertised to commence at seven o'clock, and it was announced that the hall doors would be opened at half-past six. The crowd, however, began to assemble as early as five o'clock, and before sis. o'clock it became so dense and numerous as completely to block up not only the footway but the carriage- way of the Strand, and the committee of management wisely determined at once to throw open the doors. The rush that took place was of the most tremendous: character, and the hall in every available part became filled to overflowing in a few minutes. No percep- tible diminution, however, was made in the crowd,. and at half-past six there were literally thousands of well-dressed persons struggling to gain admission, despite the placards exhibited announcing the hall to be quite full." The policemen and hall-keepers were- powerless to contend against this immense crowd, who ultimately filled the spacious corridors and staircases leading to the hall, still leaving an immense crowd both in the Strand and Burleigh-street. When Mr. Beecher arrived, he was fairly carried into the hall on the shoulders of the policemen, and the doors of the hall were at once closed and guarded by a body of police, who distinctly announced that no more persons- would be admitted, whether holding tickets or not. At a quarter-past seven a tremendous burst of cheer- ing from within the building announced that Mr. Beecher had made his appearance on the plat- form. The cheering was taken up by the out- siders, and re echoed again and again. Several impromptu speakers, mounted upon the shoulders of some working-men, and addressed the people in favour of the policy of the North, and their remarks were re- ceived with loud cheering from the large majority of. those present. Al,hen Mr. Beecher and his friends issued from the building they were again received with loud cheers. A call for a cheer for Abraham Lincoln was responded to in a manner that only an English crowd can exhibit. A strong body of police were sta- tioned in the Strand and Burleigh-street, but no breach of the peace occurred calling for their interference. During the evening a large number of placards, de- nouneing in strong language the North, its President, and its advocates, were posted in the neighbourhood of the hall.
John Singleton Copley, Lord Lyndhurst. BOEN, MAT 21, 1772. DIED, OCTOBER 12, 1863. Another high head bowed unto the grave, That bore its weight of well nigh five-score years Lightly as weaker trees their honours wave, 'Neath fifty autumns' joys, griefs, hopes, and fears. Long times of mighty wars he had lived through: He had watched wondreus growths of peaceful art-- All that most moulds our manners, through and through, Resting or moving, in our homes and marts. A keen, cold, clear, if not deep—seeing eye, An eye that looked on life as most men look On mathematio symbols, turned away By no unmastered passion from the book. A brain, in whose clear depth facts ordered lay, For the calm wiil to fetch and rank and use, A mood that with life's business blended play, Yet never play and business would confuse. Not his the restless and far-reaching mind That from its Pisgah's height sees promised lands, So keen to mark the present, it seemed blind To all that lay past reach of eyes and hands. A mind conservative of progress gained, L > Eather than onward urging ranging still With those who stoutly the old ways maintained, And yield no foot of vantage by their will. .e But years had brought him wisdom and their calm: The clear head still was clear, the vigorous brain Still wrought as potently, but like a balm A gentleness blent with its sternest strain. And at the last he stood, remote, revered, Upon his pinnacle of heaped-up years, ■ <■ Of petty blots and party scandals cleared, Grave and sedate in council with his peers. How many links break with his closing life, And bid us count the few grey heads that stand Landmarks of that half-century of strife, Whose hard-won conquests have enriched our land.
Shells of Explosion. Air-Well known. Music (for wind instruments) by Sir W. Arm3trong. One practice day, in Armstrong's reign (Which banished quite the old smooth bore, Though it had often helped to gain Great victories in days before), The bursting gun, the useless shell, Experiments of fancy wild, Methought seem'd rather like a sell," And Armstrong like a petted child. I gazed on guns, cut shorter, till Their shot went hopelessly astray; I saw him public money spill, y As boys at pitch and toss" will play. 'Tis thus, I thought, in every age, By schemers nations are beguiled, 'Tis now the shell and great gun stage Of Barnum, with the British child. A TRIMMING FOR LEITRIM —Heraldry is not the nonsense which sciolists suppose it. For instance, this Lord Leitrim, who vulgarly excluded Lord Carlisle from an hotel, and who has been very promptly ex- cluded from the commission of the peace for his indecent behaviour to his Queen's representative, has mottoes which aptly illustrate his apparent nature. One is Virtute non aslutid," which means, I am valiant but foolish." The other is, "Patriis Virtutihus," which is, My father had virtues," and leaves the inference to the reader. His lordship's respected crest is a fawn's head, erased, proper," for which we suppose will be substituted a donkey's head erased, properly from among the heads of the counties round Manor Hamilton, the only specimens of manners in his lord- ship's possession. CRUEL TREATMENT OF AN INVALID.—A helpldss invalid, whose case required peculiarly gentle treat- ment at his attendants' hands, was the other day at Brighton placed, by his doctor's orders, in a Bath chair, and, in this position, he was pulled about by two of his own servants. Barbarous GOOD GIRLS.—Some kind little milliners have, out of their scant earnings, subscribed, we observe, in aid of the victims at Warsaw. This is indeed a pretty illustration of the Needle being true to the Pole. "IT'S AN ILL WIND," ETC.—The conveyance com- panies are not in the least alarmed at the probable success of the Pneumatic Dispatch. They say that the new company must come to blows as soon as it begins to work. STRANGB HALLUCINATION.—An old gentleman re- siding at Camden-town has told an acquaintance he always made himself tea every night, and got up in the morning a little coughy. He has since been taken care of. FITTING COMPANION FOR THE ARCHDUKE.—The proper person to proceed to the new empire of Mexico with the Austrian Archduke is easily guessed. Of course, Pax should go with Max. A NEAT TRICK.—Take a quantity of the very best wheat, and stack it very nicely. When you have con- cluded your labours invite company, and you can then show them a very neat rick. FATHER THAMES.—A. malicious foreigner thinks our river must have enjoyed this popular appellation from Londoners hearing so many exclaim, Pah aE, they go near it. SIMPLY ABSURD.—A gentleman, who backed Sand- ford for the recent Cesarewitcli, has claimed his bet, on the plea that the horse came in last but one-last,. but won! The question will not be referred to the- Jockey Club. FASHIONABLE INTELLIGENCE.—Mrs. Eobinsonhas taken a stall at Covent Garden for the season. It is whispered that she will sell onions principally. THE HEIGHT OF SHABBINESS.—A man so mean that, to save time, he would even cut down a court. A TRIP TO SUIT PRESIDENT LINCOLN.—A "ran" through the South. ——
The scarlet fever is raging on board her Majesty's ship Britannia, stationed at Dartmouth, there have been nearly forty cases, and two deaths. A weekly communication is about to be established between Panama and Callao, by the United States Pacific Steam Navigation Company.
THE WAR IN NEW ZEALAND. The following is extracted from a private letter, dated Head-quarters, Camp, Auckland, August 3 :—We axe reggilarly in for fighting now. A day rarely passes, ombr without a scrimm age of some sort. The atrocities committed by those warlike savages are beyond belief; and it is most pitiable to see the poor settlers, with their wives and families, passing down the roads daily. These poor people must experience great privations, as everything here is at famine prices-meat about Is. 2d. per pound, and everything else equally high. I am in a tent again, and quite well. The weather here is wretched for fighting. The state bf muck and filth the country is in you could not believe. You can fancy a little of the hardships the troops undergo when I tell you that none of us are allowed more than two blankets, and we must carry one of them on the march. We are wretchedly off for boots. All the tradesmen in Auckland have been drafted into the militia. I have con- tinually to sleep in my wet boots, knowing well that if I took them off, and any sudden alarm occurred, I should not be able to get them on ao-ain. Always we have to be out and under arms a°couple of hours before daylight, as that is the time chosen generally by the Maories for attacking us. It is wonderful how the spirits of the men keep up. You never hear a growl about the hard work. We have a Commissariat Transport Corps, consisting of about 400 horses and 200 bullocks, which are constantly employed in carrying provi- sions for the troops. The other day the convoy was attacked, and seven of our men and four horses were killed, besides several wounded. It is astonishing what little feeling of anger there is amongst the men going out against these ferocious savages. The feeling of the men is one of utter contempt and disgust, after the kind treatment they had experienced from us, in making this very road which they now select as the field of their cruel murders."
STRANGE HALLUCINATION. Julia Sharp, a servant girl, aged sixteen years, was brought before Mr. Partridge, charged with stealing 8s. 4d. in silver and copper moneys, be- longing to Mr. Dixon How. The prisoner had been in the service of Mrs. Clara How, a lady residing in Stainsby-road. A few days since the girl was entrusted by her mistress with a half-sovereign to pay a butcher's bill. She returned to her mistress after a few minutes' absence, and said she had lost the money. Her story was doubted at the time, but Mrs. How kindly overlooked the affair. While Mrs. How was at tea on Thursday last the girl absconded. Soon afterwards Mrs. How's children discovered that a box in the parlour had been forced open, and called their mother's attention to it. Mrs. How then missed 8s. 4d. from the box, which contained a much larger sum. She also missed a black leather bag from a cupboard in her bed-room. Mrs. How went in search of her servant, and the mother of the girl assisted her in doing so. The girl was found in the house of a friend, and upon seeing her mistress she opened a window, jumped into the street, and made her escape. She was afterwards captured by a police- constable as she was making preparations to go to Liverpool, with the black leather bag she had stolen in her possession. It contained three cotton dresses and several other things belonging to the prisoner, and articles of trifling value, the property of Mrs. How. The mother of the girl said her husband was a cooper. The .prisoner was the eldest of eight children. The girl had been in five situations, kept each of them five months only, and left for the purpose of proceeding to Liverpool. Mr. Partridge Liverpool—what does she want there ? The Mother: I 'don't knew, sir, indeed. She has a strange fancy to go to Liverpool, although she has no relatives or connections there. When she has been in a situation five months she becomes low spirited and desponding, and wishes to go to Liverpool. Mr. Partridge These fits come over her periodi- cally P The Mother: Yes, sir, she is thinking of Liver- pool morning, noon, and night. She only took sufficient money from Mrs. How to enable her to proceed to Liverpool. She might have taken more. Mrs. How said that was really the case. She had no wish the girl should be sent to prison. Mr. Partridge: I think I must do so for a short time. The Mother: I have to implore of you not to send my child to a prison. Her father and myself will do all we can to keep her out of persons' way in future. She is npt sixteen until next April. She would not think of robbing any one if she had not fancied going to Liverpool. She started one morn- ing for Liverpool with her Prayer-book and Bible in her hands, aud we brought her back. Mr. Partridge said he would remand the girl at present for a week, and he would decide what was to be done with her when she was brought up again.