TOWN T-A-ILiK:. I .&Y OUR LONDON CORRESPONDENT. Out reetders leHl understand fhat do not hold ourselves responsible for our able Correspondent's opiniois. THE elections caused by the retirement of the At- torney-General have all been simply occasions for the candidates to pay compliments to their con- stituents, and make speeches about things in general, without any of that flurry or excitement that is caused by opposition. When we say things in general, we mean ,Poland and America; for really these are the only two subjects of general interest now-a-days. The Coventry election was a very severe slap in the face for the ministers, and apparently unex- pected but it is easily explained. In the first place, Mr. Ellice has for several years had the support of the Conservatives at Coventry, and for good reasons-he was a Conservative at Coventry. In the next, Coventry depends on the manufacture of watches and ribbons, both working men's manufactures, carried on in small rooms as well as factories. The operatives have suffered severely from the competition of foreign watches and French ribbons. The free trade in these articles was identified with Liberals, the opposition to free trade was identified with the Tories. Mr. Morgan Treherne, the successful Tory candidate, had long distinguished himself by his opposition to the free trade, to which the Coventry operatives imputed their ruin hence his popularity and success. The Earl of Powis, representative of the great Lord Clive, has been started as successor to Lord Lyndhurst in the High Stewardship of the Uni- versity of Cambridge. He is the son of the Lord Powis who stood for the Chancellorship against the late Prince Consort. He is proposed by the Conservative party in the University, who persist in making every election a party question, even though the vacant office be a purely honorary one, as is the case with the High Stewardship, and was the case with the Chancellorship. Lord Powis has no University distinctions; he is nothing but a Con- servative, and a member of St. John's College, which, of course, supports him. warmly. He is known in his own county as an excellent land- lord and amiable gentleman when President of the Royal Agricnltnral- Society he was distin- guished for his hospitality. Lord Lyttelton, Lord Stratford de Redcliffe, and Lord Cranworth have all been mentioned of these the second would probably obtain the largest number of votes. Our next sensafcion'will be the trial of Colonel Crawley, for the manslaughter of Sergeant-Major Lilly. There has been nothing of the kind so terribly earnest since Governor Waif was tried and hung for flogging a soldier to death. A complete cargo of officers and soldiers has been brought over at a cost of at least fifty thousand pounds to act as witnesses; and justice in a case where justice was despaired of is cheap at any price. It is a wholesome characteristic of the present Com- mander-in-Chief that he is sensitively alive to public opinion-not only reads the le&d'm g papers carefully, but does not disdain to learn what people say about this dirty Indian business" from his trades- people, or any one else with whom he happens to be thrown into conversation. A farmer, who had a remarkably fine horse to sell, was perfectly amazed at the Duke's cross-questioning. From the days of Cassandra prophets of evil get little patience when they speak, and no thanks when their prophecies are realised. Any time this twenty years a rising of the natives of New Zealand has been prophesied and pooh-poohed. It has come now in earnest, and will take a couple of thousand Sikhs to it put down. It was a cer- tainty, because the more these proud and warlike savages were educated, the more clearly they saw the end of their power and their race. It is a terrible blow to Bishop Selwyn, who has worked so hard to civilise and convert the Maories, to see all his labour end in gunpowder and bayonet charges. It is a great pity, and yet no one is to be blamed; the savage and the civilised man never did and never will live side by side. Apparently, the Middlesex magistrates do not approve of music without beer, for at the last licensing day, while scores of taverns were allowed music and dancing licenses, a coffee and chocolate shop in the Lowther Arcade met with no support. Brewers rule the Bench, in spite of Mr. Bodkin. There has been great commotion in the Eastern districts of London, caused by the horrible con- dition of the dwellings of the poor becoming known to the public. It will be fashionable for the next few weeks to cry out against this evil, but, in all probability, some new complaint, will arise in a month's time, and the disgraceful state of houses in the neglected parishes of Bethnal-green and Shoreditch will again be forgotten by philan- thropists. Mr. Spicer, secretary of the Nichol-street Ragged Schools, has published two or three little ?19 facts illustrative of the condition of Bethnal- green, which deserve a passing notice. "In 1855, out of an infant class of 160, sixty children died, in the course of a month, of destitution and the diseases that result from it. During the dis- tressing winter of 1860 more than 200 families were daily relieved, and occasionally children have been brought within, to die beside the school-room fires, as their parents were unable to afford them that luxury at home." Had sixty puppies died in the same manner, all London would have rung with denunciations of their owner's cruelty; but then puppies have no settlement on the rates. And then the respectables who allow these things, and who would have been horrified bad the poor little wretches been allowed fires to die by at home, groan piteously over the growing pre- valence of that "unnatural crime" infanticide. The only marvel to me is, that in such unwhole- some neighbourhoods, and under such a state of things as exist in some of the parishes East of London, so many children survive. Z. Z.
OUTLINES OF THE WEEK. THE intelligence brought hy the China from í Afuerica concerning the war is principally derived from Southern sources; from eome cause or other the New York papers are very silent about late events, but from advices received by way of Cape Race, which are three days later, it is asserted L ar r, that the Confederates have taken up a position between Rosecrans and his great depot at Nash- ville, and three Confederate successes on that line are reported. The first is at M'Minnville, where they are said to have captured 500 prisoners and seven wagons; the second at Waldron-bridge, where 500 more prisoners were made; but the most important victory is reported to have taken place at Shelbyville, where 15,000 prisoners are said to have been captured by the Confederates. The last-mentioned number, however, looks like either a mistake or an exaggeration. We had no previous intimation that there was a sufficient force assembled in that locality to have carried such a victory. Shelbyville, it will be seen, is about half way between Murfreesboro and Tulla- homa, nearly one hundred miles away from Chatta- nooga, in the neighbourhood of which the principal forces of both armies are collected, and it appears hardly probable that Bragg could have dispatched an army large enough to capture a place like Shelbyville, if garrisoned by 15,000 men. It is clear, however, that Rosecrans is in a difficult position; that the Confederates have thrown up earthworks around Chattanooga, and are prepar- ing to starve the Federals into a surrender, having also prevented Burnside with his reinforcements from joining Rosecrans. On the Rapidan there is no change: both armies are watchful, and a recon- naissance is occasionally made from each side; but both are strengthening their positions as if for defensive warfare. Thus the horrors of war are not diminished in this once peaceful country; and the end that we have so long looked for appears as distant as ever. THE Rev. Henry Ward Beecher has experienced v a rough reception from the people of Liverpool. When he attempted to expound to them that the subjugation of the Confederate States would be for the advantage of the trade and commerce of England, it was some time before he could get a hearing; and when he proceeded to assert that the Morrill protection tariff was all the fault of the South, and that the negro was upon the whole well off in the North, the tumult and uproar of the meeting was renewed. The rev. gentleman, how- ever, stood to his post, and was able at last to bring his lecture to a conclusion. WE are sorry to say that the war between the English Government and certain aborigines of New Zealand is still waging. The latest accounts report that the tribes of Waikato. are as hostile as ever, and will not listen to any conciliatory measures proposed by the British governor. They not only murder detached parties of the settlers when they are able to catch them, but are bold enough to make attacks upon the soldiers. On the 17th of July they attacked a large escort, but were beaten off by the bayonet. After this Colonel Austen offered battle to a large body of Waikatos who had constructed rifle-pits, and on a charge the natives-were driven out of the pits with the loss of 100 men killed and many wounded. The natives in arms are computed at 7,500 men. The British troops.. including volunteers and militia, are much fewer, and many 6f them are engaged in z7, garrison duty. Reinforcements were, however, daily expected, and the governor (Sir George Grey), after trying all in his power to deal mildly with the native tribes, has been compelled to declare all the lands confiscated which belong to those in rebellion, and, as an inducement to volun- teers from New South Wales, has offered a grant of Rfty acres of land in addition to soldier's pay to any who will settle on the borders of the hostile country. IT has been a matter of general rejoicing that the Lancashire distress has subsided to so large an extent since last winter, and that so many of the operatives and their families, who then crowded the pauper lists, have now found employment. In the general rejoicing over this gratifying circum- stance, it is, perhaps, not sufficiently borne in mind the remuneration allowed to these operatives who are now engaged on public works. It is, we fear, too often believed that because they are employed they must be in their former state of prosperity, whereas the wages received in the vast majority of instances are little more than the relief formerly allowed out of the charitable funds. This we need not say-though it sustains life—makes no pro- vision for ordinary comforts, not even for the extra clothing which the approach of winter de- mands. The Central Committee have therefore made another appeal to the country, not this winter for money, but for clothing; and we hope it will be as generously responded to as was the appeal of last winter. Boots, shoes, and warm clothing are necessaries which cannot be purchased out of the scanty wages received, and the men who now willingly handle spade and pickaxe, though never previously accustomed to such occu- pations, should not be deserted by us when they show a willingness to earn their bread by the sweat of their brow. A SHORT time ago an amusing letter appeared in the London papers, describing the activity and perseverance of what the author termed the lady milkmaid" in Australia. She was represented as a scion of English aristocracy, and yet, with winning smile and great perseverance, braving all kinds of weather, she drove her husband's cart, and disposed of the milk from his farm; but, said the author, the lady seemed to feel her position, and looked as if devotion to her husband alone forced her to such a menial occupation. It appears the character was well described, and the lady herself now writes to the Times, appending her own proper name, stating that all the writer had said about her was correct, except wherein he said that she felt humbled in such an occupation. She asserts that it is far otherwise; that she is rather proud of being able to assist her husband in ob- taining an honest livelihood. This, we apprehend, is the proper spirit to be inculcated into the minds of all intending emigrants. Good, honest labour is well paid for in our colonies; but too many people have ambitious notions, and believe that they can obtain fortunes by intellectual ac- quirements, and soon find to their cost that they are not the persons needed. We will not say that an educated person is not all the better for his knowledge, but emigrants will find, in ninety-nine cases out of =.& hundred, that they will have to depend upon the hand rather than the head for a livelihood. WE are happy to see that her Majesty the Queen has again appeared in public. A statue in honour of her lamented husband was inaugurated at Aberdeen last week under her own auspices. She sustained herself with great dignity on the occa- sion, and delivered an address eminently suitable, and not less characteristic. Some might have de- sired a more cheerful ceremony to herald the Queetf s return to her old duties, bmt her Majesty herself made the selection, and we may presume that her own heart knew best. Certainly, the occasion iy- afforded the most convincing proof of the complete- ness with which the Queen has overcome her sorrow, since no other ordeal could have been suggested more likely to test the strength of her nerves, or to remind her of her great and irre- parable loss. It is gratifying, therefore, to find that her Majesty displayed a becoming heroism, and that henceforth we may expect to welcome her on many other and more joyous occasions. After demonstrating to the world the depth.of her affection, and encouraged in a manner more readily felt than described the fidelity of wedded love, her Majesty now comes forward to declare, by her example, that there are duties pertaining to the "throned monarch" as well as to the meanest subject, and that the chiefest and most illustrious of crowned heads is prepared to take her part nobly in the battle of life.
AN EXTRAORDINARY CLERGYMAN. Some weeks ago public attention was directed to the eccentric proceedings of the rector of Claydon, in Essex, and paragraphs with the heading, "Extra- ordinary Proceedings at Claydon," or The Claydon Church Scandal," were continually appearing in the newspapers. It seems probable that the village of Caldoun is likely to attain a like unhappy notoriety, with this material difference, that whereas the rector of Claydon, however erratic his proceedings may appear, contends that he is keeping within the limits of the rubric, and the legality of his conduct has yet to be tested in the ecclesiastical courts,*th.e incumbent of Cauldon seems to set public opinion and eccle- siastical rule alike at defiance, to act purely from caprice, and assigns no reason whatever for his way- ward proceedings. Last, week we gave particulars of Mr. Henniker's conduct in refusing to read the burial service over the body of an aged parishioner named Alcoek, and actually detaining the body in the church, until, after it had remained above ground fourteen days, it was taken possession of by some of the parishioners, and interred by the Eev. H. Ward, of Carlton. Mr. Henniker, by his conduct, excited a strong feeling of indignation, which led on Sunday last to results we are about to describe. A great number of persons assembled in and out of the church during the afternoon service, and greeted the rev. gentleman on his arrival with shouts and hisses. The service lasted about fifteen minutes, during which several persons standing at the door shouted in the church, and we arc informed several stones were thrown in also. At the conclusion of the service there was a great crowd outside the church, waiting to give Mr. Henniker a reception," but instead of coming out the way he was expected, he came out another way, after using some very harsh language to his clerk, calling him a fool and a liar. The crowd then followed Mr. Henniker down a bye road about fifty yards from the church, hissing and shouting, and, we are told, several clods were thrown at him. Here he made a rush at a group of persons, who all ran away, except a young man, a sboemakerj frolll Cheadle, wliom he struck. A regu- lar 68 set-to now ensued, and lasted a quarter of an hour, and in which the valiant "son of the church" is said to have exhibited no small knowledge of the noble art of self-defence," and it was the general opinion of the bystanders that he would have beaten his man." In the third or fourth round the young shoemaker received what is termed a knock-down blow from his rev. opponent, who was proceeding to kick him (or, as some say, did kick him) when auother man advanced, and after demanding fair play, commenced to make preparations for hostilities, or, as our sporting friends would say, to peel off." He was, however, held back by another man, who threatened to let him loose if the Rev. Mr. Henniker did not go away. Mr. Henniker then picked up his books and his hat Out of the dirt, and went away slightly bruised. It is said that he asked one of the bystanders for a knife during the fight, but for what purpose we cannot say. The Rev. R. Henniker is not only incumbent of Cauldon, but of the adjoining parish of Waterfall, both livings being in the gift of his father, A. Henniker, Esq. He is quite a young man. For some time past he has been in the habit of conducting the services of both churches in the -most extraordinary manner, generally dispensing with the Confession, the Absolution, the Thanksgiving, the prayer for the Royal Family, and many other prayers, and also with singing and preaching. Sometimes, however, a homily or a tract has taken the place of a sermon. But the strangest thing of all is that he has been in the habit, until some months ago, of reading the lessons from the Douay version of the Bible, and since he has given up this-practice he has read unauthorised translations from scraps of paper. The service, curtailed in the way described, has generally been got through in fifteen or twenty minutes. This course of conduct, coupled with his refusing, early in the present year, to bury a little child named Basset, who died of typhus fever, resulted in an in- quiry by the rural dean, the Rev. J. Simpson, of Alstonfield. The latter gentleman buried the child himself, after it had been in the church several days, including Sunday, when the stench from the corpse filled the whole church. The result of the inquiry was that Mr. Henniker signed a declaration drawn up by Mr. Simpson, in which he promised to conduct the church services properly for the future. He, however, soon relapsed into his old way, with the exception that lie did not commence reading the Douay Bible, but read from scraps of paper as stated above. There can be no doubt that Mr. Henniker is liable to be proceeded against at ecclesiastical law both for refusing to bury, and for his systematic violation of the order of service laid down in the Book of Common Prayer. The villagers call to mind various acts on the pa,rt of Mr. Henniker which it. would be speaking of lightly to call eccentric. Some months ago he refused to proceed with a funeral until a person whom he chose to consider a Dissenter, and who was one of the funeral party, left the church. When any of his Cauldon parishioners wish to have a christening performed he refers them to Waterfall, and vice versa. A short time ago he served the parish clerk with a notice of which the following is a. copy :Cauldon churchyard not to be broke without an order from Rd. H." On the clerk saying that he should not pay any attention to this order, as he had a letter from the bishop giving him permission to break the ground whenever a grave was wanted, he abused the clerk in terms which, proceeding from a clergyman, greatly astonished the bystanders. It is said, though we can- not vouch for the fact, that Mr. Henniker has declared that he will not officiate at the burial of his parishioners any more.
The Hotel de Ville at Warsaw was fired in three places on Sunday by the insurgents. To meet these and other violent acts the Russian Government is resorting to very extreme measures. Amongst the most recent is an order for all civilians to give up their arms, and the dismissal of all functionaries of Polish' nationality. It is even asserted that the Russian' language is in future to be used in administrative pro- ceedings in Poland—a statement, however, open to great doubt. The Patent Ozonized Cod Liver Oil conveys arti- ficially to the lungs of the delicate and consumptive, ozone, the vital principle in oxygen, without the effect of inhalation, and has the wonderful effect of reducing the pulse to its proper- standard, while it strengthens and invigorates the system— restoring the consumptive to health, unless in the last stage. The highest medical authorities pronounce it the neai,est, approach to a specific for that most dreaded of all malad'es yet discovered- in fact, it will restore to health when all other remedies fail. See Lancet, March 9,1&6L Sold by all chemists, in 2s. 6d., 4s. 9d., and 9s. wtUes.
FUNERAL OF LORD LYNDHURST. On Saturday morning the remains of the vener- able Lord Lyndhurst were removed from his mansion, in George-street, Hanover-square, and deposited without ostentation and with very little ceremony in a humble grave in Highgate Cemetery. It was one of his lordship's last requests that his funeral should be as simple as possible, and his wish was rigidly adhered to. At nine' o'clock the mourners and those who were to take part in the funeral ceremony arrived at George-street. The deceased was placed in a leaden coffin. The outer coffin consisted of oak, covered with black Genoa velvet, with massive Gothic handles, surmounted with a baron's coronet. On the lid was a brass plate with this inscription:—"John Singleton Copley, Baron Lyndhurst, Privy Councillor, F.R.S., died October 12, 1863, in his 92nd year." Above that was a shield with his arms and crest engraved the arms argent, a cross, sable within a border, azure, charged with eight escallops of the field; supporters to eagles proper, collared, or pendant therefrom-an escutcheon argent charged with a cross as in the arms. Motto—" Ultra pergere." The funeral procession consisted of four mutes centred by a squire with the plume; the hearse was drawn by four horses plumed and draped, dis- playing open medallions, and fringed with silver, with a coronet on each side and at the end, the coffin being partly visible, and covered with a rich pauldron of velvet. The hearse was followed by four mourning coaches, drawn by two horses draped and plumed. In the first carriage were Mr. Selwyn, Mr. Beckett, Mr. Clarke, and Mr. Ogden. In the second were Mr. Winslow, the Rev. H. Howarth, B.D., and Dr. Hawksley. The third carriage contained the Earl of Ellenborough, General Forresster, the Right Hon. Spencer H. Walpole, M.P., and Mr. Barton. In the fourth carriage were Mr. Chandler, his lordship's house steward, Mr. Brown, and Mr. Grist, confidential servants. Four private family carriages fol- lowed, and then came the carriages of his Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge, the Duchess of Cambridge, Lady Glengall, Lady Anne Beckett, and others of the nobility and gentry who were personally acquainted with the deceased lord. Starting from George-street, which was well filled with people anxious to witness the proceedings, the procession moved along the south side of Hanover-square, Regent-street, Langham-place, Portland-place, Park-crescent, Albany street, Park-street, and through Kentish-town to High- gate-hill. On reaching the cemetery the procession; was met by the Rev. Arthur Heber Scholefield, M.A., of Trinity College, Oxford, who commenced the burial service appointed by the Church. On leaving the chapel the body was deposited in a brick vault, and the remainder of the service having been performed the mourners returned to town. The funeral arrangements were under the direc- tion of Mr. Pike, of Duke-street, Grosvenor- square, assisted by Messrs. Garstin, of Welbeck- street, who supplied all the appointments. Every- thing was conducted with the utmost decorum.
TERRIFIC COLLIERY EXPLOSION IN SOUTH WALES, Thirty-five Lives Lost. We deeply regret to have to announce that another of those fearful visitations to which the district of South W ales is so liable occurred in the Morfa Colliery, Margam, Glamorganshire, on Saturday last, and that no less than thirty-five poor fellows have been thereby hurried into eternity. The Morfa colliery (in which two previous accidents have occurred) is situate about eight miles ironi Neath. It is the property of, or situate on the estate of, C. R. M. Talbot, Esq., M.P., and Lord-Lieutenant of the county, but is leased to and worked by the Messrs. H. Hussey Vivian, M.P., and Sons, Mr. Pendarvis Vivian being the resident manager. The Morfa Colliery is one of the largest in South Wales; and to convey to our readers some faint idea of its size and importance we may mention the follow- ing particulars. Generally speaking there are about 800 colliers engaged in the pit, which works between 600 and 700 tons of coal per day, which is shipped at Port Talbot, Neath, and Swansea. The colliery is known as a "fiery." one, has literally miles of under- ground workings, is ventilated by means of a furnace with two shafts for the down and return air, and is always worked with locked safety lamps. The distressing explosion to which we now refer oc- curred about half-past ten on Saturday morning. There were about four hundred men in the pit at the time, but the effect of the explosion was happily con- fined to the Old Mine Foot Vein, where forty-three men and boys were at work. Late on Saturday night about seven or eight bodies had been brought out alive, one or two of wliom, however, subsequently expired, ten dead bodies had- been recovered, and there were twenty-five or twenty- six still in the pit. The falls of roofs and debris rendered it exceedingly difficult to get at the re- mainder of the bodies, and there was no human probability of more being recovered alive. Several were killed from burns, but the great majority died from the equally fatal effects of fire damp. Nearly the whole of the men were married, and a large number of children have been thus suddenly rendered destitute. Mr. Wm. Grey, the general underground manager, was in the heading at the time of the explosion, and was rendered senseless. He was removed with great difficulty, and under medical skill progresses favour- ably. He is one of the most careful and able colliery managers in the kingdom, and universally beloved by the men. The cause of the sad accident cannot, of course, be positively stated, but there is too much reason to believe the gas was ignited by one of the men remov- ing the top of his lamp (picking the lock) probably to light his pipe. Many touching scenes were witnessed, and the anxious forebodings of the wives and mothers around the mouth of the pit, the shrieks of the bereaved as the form of the husband and father was brought to the surface, cannot be easily depicted. The whole district of Tarbach, Margam, Neath, Swansea, &c., has been deeply affected by this melancholy event, whilst in the more immediate locality there is almost universal weeping and sorrow. +
TELEGRAPHIC NEWS. AMERICA NEW YOEK, Oar. ff. Southern Charleston advices to the 2nd insif. state that the Federal movements indicate permanent more than immediate operations. The report that Hooker had reinforced Eosecrans with two corps from Meade's army is confirmed. Considerable skirmishing is taking place in General Rosecrans' rear, tife Confederates endeavouring to interrupt the communications between Nashville and Chattanooga. A large number of troops have reached Eosecrans,. who has established lines in front of Chattanooga. General Bragg is fortifying Missionary Ridge. The Southern journals contain reports that the Con- federates occupy Knoxville, and that General Burnside is retiring to Cumberland Gap. Advices from Nassau to the 26th report that seven steamers from Wilmington and three from Charleston had arrived lately. One of the latter left Charleston eleven days after the surrender of Forts Wagner and Gregg, proving that the port is not closed. « NEW YORK, OcT. 7. President tincoln has appointed the 26th November as a day of thanksgiving for Americans at home, at sea, and abroad. A malignant fever has appeared in the fleet before- New Orleans. Its progress is being checked. Four- steamers have been burnt on the Mississippi. Numerous lives were lost. Confederate emissaries are supposed to have set the vessels on fire. It is reported that a French frigate is on the way to Charleston. A portion of the committee appointed to arrange the ball to be given to the Russian naval officers are opposed to inviting the French and English officers now in port. The question is not yet decided. The Confederates are operating in General Rose- crans's rear, leading to the supposition that Bragg has attacked Rosecrans in front. All is quiet at Charleston, Knoxville, and on the Eapidan. NEW YOEK, OCT. 7. There are no Confederates at present in the She- nandoah Valley. The New York Herald asserts that peace propo- sitions have been discussed in the Federal Cabinet. The nature of them is unknown. NEW YOEK, Oct. 9. The situation at Chattanooga portends an early en- gagement. The Confederates have rendered the roads in Rosecrans's rear difficult to travel except for strong military commands. A portion of the Confederate cavalry has moved towards Kentucky to harass Burnside's lines. A part has also moved southward against Bosecrans. It is rumoured that the Confederates have captured Shelbyville. The Confederates, opened fire on Chatta- nooga on the 5th from Look-Out Mountain. Shells were exploding in Chattanooga. The New York Herald asserts that Bragg's army has been swelled by reinforcements to 270,000 men. NEW YORK, OCT. 10. In Tennessee the Confederates have attacked. Shelbyville, capturing 15,000 prisoners., They have also captured M'Minnville, with 500 prisoners and seven wagons, together with 500 prisoners at Waldron Ridge. The Confederate cavalry have been defeated near Franklin, Kentucky, with a loss of 300 prisoners and four cannon.
FRIGHTFUL EXPLOSION AT WEST- MINSTER GAS WORKS. On Thursday morning, shortly before eleven, an ex- plosion of the most serious nature occurred on the pre- mises of the Chartered Gas Company's Works, in the Horsferry-road, Westminster, by which a large number of men were most seriously injured and in more than one case fatal results are anticipated. Nine sufferers have been under the care of the medical officers of Westminster Hospital. For some time past extensive alterations have been in progress on the works of the company, and amongst them the laying of an enlarged system of mains has been the most important. A large number of these pipes traverse various parts of the yardway of the works, and in most instances the enlarged pipes have been laid. One of the old pipes running at the bottom of the yard, and in close proximity to the retort house, was in the process of being removed, and a large number of workmen were employed in the operation of its removal. The old main is a 10-inch diameter pipe,, and of course the gas was shut off from it during the operation. At the time above named the men were continuing their labours when the valve was turned on, and the gaseous vapour allowed to run into the pipe. In the course of the work coke fires and tarred ropes are used. The gas came into contact with the flame, and in a moment a most serious explosion occurred, hurling the men in all directions. The sound of the explosion brought a large number of people to the spot, and in a very short time, as soon as the smoke and dust had sub- sided, it was found that at least a dozen men were lying about the ground burnt and injured in a most frightful manner. The poor fellows who were most injured were at once placed in cabs and removed to Westminster Hospital. The following sufferers were received into the hos- pital :—Eichard Bartholomew, Thomas Field, Henry Waller, William Blake, William Nobles, Charles Brien, Patrick Cronan, James Darvill, and James Keates. The whole of the men were very much burnt about the head, face, neck, and arms, but the last- named three are the most serious cases, and that of Darvill is considered to be hopeless. Besides, the above-named there are several men burnt, and othSrwise injured, but their cases were not of sufficient importance to be taken to the hospital. +
Loss of 'Left Limbs in Battle.—Among the varieties of skilled labour in which the mechanical industry of Frenchmen, in combination with no small scientific ingenuity, has attained decided superiority, appears to be the manufacture of artificial eyes, noses, hands, arms, feet, and legs; a large demand for these articles has long existed in the export trade with transatlantic countries, but since the war in America. consignments of mechanical limbs form a most im- posing item in French shipments for New York. The Gourrier des Etats Unis, in its market reports, notices the brisk sale of human joints, quite outrunning the supply, legs and arms being in particular request, and neatly turned crutches of every pattern being quite at a premium. In the assortment of limbs shippers are put in possession of a very remarkable statistical result. There are on an average eight left arms and left legs required for every one of the opposite cate- gory and fighting men may at once account for that fact by the assault of the foe taking effect on the left side, where the right hand of the assailant must be always the most effective. Government Emigration—The emigrant ship John Temperley, 975 tons, Captain R. R. Liddle, be- longing to Messrs. Temperley, Carter, and Darke, London, which sailed from Plymouth on the 25th of April, arrived at Sydney, New South Wales, on the 1st of August, having on board 396 Government emigrants, under the care of Mr. Isaac B. Brown, surgeon superin- tendent, assisted by Miss Ellen Lee, matron. Four births and one death (a male adult) took place on the voyage. The Ocean Empress, 1,067 tons, Captain M'Donald, belonging to Messrs. James Baines and Co., Liverpool, sailed from Birkenhead on the 16th inst. for Sydney, with 341 emigrants, comprising 24 married couples, 136 single men, 116 single women, 34 children between one and twelve years, and seven infants, under the care of Mr. J. S. Ireland, surgeon superintendent, assisted by Mrs. Charlotte Wale, matron. Squaring the Circle.-Professor de Morgan narrates the following in the Athenaeum :•—" An agri- cultural labourer squared the circle, and brought the proceeds to London. He left his papers with me, among which was a letter to the Lord Chancellor, desiring his lordship to hand over forthwith one hun- dred thousand pounds, the amount of the alleged offer of reward. I returned his papers, with a note, stating that he had not the knowledge requisite to see in what the problem consisted. I got for answer a letter in which I was told that a person who could not see that he had done the thing should change his business, and appropriate his time and attention to a Sunday- school, to learn what he could, and keep the litle children from durting their close.' I also received a letter from a friend of the quadrator, informing me that I knew his friend had succeeded, and had been heard to say so." Duty off Tea .—Full benefit obtained by purchasing Horni- man's Tea in Packets: very choice, 3s. id. & is. High Stanc ard 4s. id. (fomerly 4s, 8d.) is the best imported. 2,280 Agent
Views of the ruins of Fort Sumter were taken by a Confederate photographer while the 11 and 15 inch shell were pouring in, who then also photo, graphed the Ironsides and two Monitors which wei e at work.
A railway dining club has just been opened by clerks at the Camden station of the London and North Western Railway, on the principle of the working men's co-operative societies, for providing their ex- tensive staff with dinners daily at eightpence per head. Sale of the Marton Herd.—The famous herd belonging to the late Mr. A. Maynard, of Marton-le Moor, Yorkshire, was dispersed by auction last week at Stokesley by Mr. Strafford, of London. The com- pany present was numerous, including many names of importance as breeders of shorthorns. Most of the stock is widely distributed, some going to Scotland, some to Ireland, and many to the northern and midland counties of England. Remarkable prices were ob- tained. The heifers and cows, forty in number, realised zC955, five bulls brought £100, forty-four steers sold for £811, making with the = £ 2.550 realised for sixty-seven beasts the first day, a total of upwards of £4,400, or over < £ 32 per head. The chief buyers were Sir Tatton Sykes, Bart., Sledmere; Mr. Wooler, Sedberg; Mr. J. Tweedie, Perth; Mr. Loundes, Liver- pool Mr. Robinson, Northampton; Mr. R. Milne, "Melrose; Mr. Dennis, Harsley; Mr. Ainsley, Edin- burgh; Mr. Witterton, Spofforth; Mr. G. Wentworth, Wakefield; Mr. Foster, Cumberland, &c. Borwick's Baking Powder is used by thousands of families for raising bread, with half the trouble and in quarter the time required with yeast, and for rendering puddings and pastry light and wholesome. Dr. Hassall remarks, The in- gredients,of which it is composed are. pure and good, and none of them are in the least degree injurious." The Queen s private baker says, "It is a most useful invention." Captain Allen Young, of the Arctic yacht Fox, states, that It keeps well and answers admirably." E. Hamilton, Esq., M-D., r.S.A., observes, that "It is much better for raising bread than yeast, and much more wholesome." Fearful loss of life in England takes place simply through the people being ignorant of the fact that there is a medicine in existence that will cure them. Therefore it is our bounden duty to inform them that PAGE WOODCOCK'S WIND Pinxs are the best and safest medicine for wind in the stomach ndigestion, debility, nervousness, biliousness, &c. Of all medicine vendors, at Is. l £ d., or free for fourteen stamps from Pay* Weodsoek, Chemist, Lincoln.