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THE WAR IN AMERICA.

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THE WAR IN AMERICA. —♦ The Cunard steamer Arabia, from Boston on the 30th ult., and Halifax on the morning of the 1st inst., and which called off Cape Race on the 3rd inst., arrived at "Liverpool on Sunday morning. We extract the following facts from the American papers:— Situation of Affairs. The latest advices from General Rosecrans, dated Sunday afternoon, state that the rebels had not made any attack since the 21st, and that he did not fear they would make one at that late day. General Meigs, who is with the army of the Cumberland, declares its position "cannot be taken short of a regular siege," which Bragg does not seem to be attempting. The rebel news from L' Chattanooga reports a loss to their army of 5,000 men, including Major-General Hood, and five brigadier-generals killed, and several generals wounded. The Richmond papers are quite desponding with regard to affairs in Northern Georgia. General Bragg reports that after two days' fighting the Union troops still confront" him. It is reported in Richmond that Rosecrans has been heavily reinforced by troops from Grant's army. This is partially confirmed by a dispatch from Louisville. News from Knoxville, up to Thursday, 24th Sept., had been received at Cin- cinatti, and it is there stated that Gen. Burnside still had his head-quarters at that place. The xebel forces in East Tennessee appear to be quiet, and no danger is apprehended. Rumours were afloat in Washington last evening that the Union forces in Georgia and Tennessee had met with a serious disaster, but nothing definite had been ascertained from the war department. If un- favourable news had been received by the Govern- ment, it had been kept a profound secret from those who usually find out such intelligence. It is reported that the rebels have concentrated a force of about 10,000 men at Mount Jackson, with the intention of making a raid through the Shenandoah Valley. Heavy firing was heard yesterday morning in the neighbourhood of Racoon Ford, but no particulars as to the cause hacl been ascertained at Washington last evening. The arrival of the steamer S. R. Spaulding puts us in possession of Charleston harbour dates to Friday, the 25th Sept. The army under General Gilmore was busily engaged in re-modelling bat- teries Gregg and Wagner, and were making rapid progress towards completing the final arrange- ments for bombarding the city of Charleston and -1 cl Fort Moultrie. General Heron's expedition has been heard from at St. Louis. It is reported that he has cleared the entire country between Red River and Port Hudson of all the guerilla parties who have been firing on the vessels passing along the river, and that he has driven General 'Green's rebel forces beyond the Atchafalaya, with considerable loss. Among the prisoners captured was a Government agent of the rebels with important papers. General Grant has recovered sufficiently-to be removed to Vicksburg. It will be some time before he can re- sume active duty. Colonel Cloud, of General Blunt's command, arrived at Little Rock on the 19th ult. with a small force of cavalry. Colonel Cloud, with a battalion of the 22nd Kansas Cavalry, 500 strong, attacked General Cabell's rebel forces, 2,000 strong, in the defences between Perryville and Fort Smith, Indian territory, and succeeded in routing them with considerable loss. He also defeated a rebel force at Dardonelle, on the 9th ult., capturing their camp and commissary stores. Over 2,000 Union Arkansas had joined his command, and deserters from the rebel forces were. arriving at Little Rock daily. The United. States revenue st.eaxn.er Hercules, while lying under the Virginia shore of Chesapeake Bay, was attacked, on the 20th Sept., by guerillas; but after an engagement of about twenty minutes, the rebels were driven off. We understand that General Hooker has been appointed to command that column of the army in Tennessee lately under Burnside, and that he has accepted the command. Feeling of the South on the Occupation of Mexico by the French. 'I A correspondent of the New York Herald lately arrived from Richmond, says:— Singular as it may appear, the feeling of the Southern people is decidedly against the occupa- tion of Mexico by the French. Public men at public meetings do not hesitate to denounce in the strongest terms the prospect of an empire being established on this continent. They also say that if the United States would consent to a cessation of hostilities, the army of the South would combine with that of the North, and drive the Frenchmen into either the Pacific or the Atlantic Ocean. They do not desire, and will not submit t-o Frenchmen being upon American soil, or the French Emperor having anything to say in the affairs of this continent, and fear that his designs are not upon Mexico only, but also upon Texas and Louisiana. Another Bread Riot at Mobile. The New York Herald gives the following :— Another female bread riot is reported to have taken place at Mobile, on the 4th September. The 17th Alabama Regiment, ordered to put down the disturbance, refused to do duty. The Mobile cadets tried their hand, and were defeated, and forced to fly by the women. Peaceful measures finally quieted the famine-stricken wretches. The rioters proclaimed openly their determination—if some meanswere not rapidly devised to relieve their sufferings, or stop the war—to burn the whole city A letter from Memphis states that a formidable expedition is on foot against Mobile. Occupation of Chattanooga. A Richmond paper says:—" After two distinct efforts for the recapture of Chattanooga, we have now the intelligence that the enemy is still in possession, of that stronghold, and strengthening its works. While events linger in Tennessee, the situation in Northern Virginia has become critical. The enemy is preparing for a general attack on the line of the Rapidan, and massing his forces on the Culpepper. He is also reconnoitring and encroaching on the railroads and river, and indi- cates a determination to fight." A Further Federal Draft. The New Torli Eva-wing Post's Washington letter says :—" The reverse in Northern Georgia compels the Government to raise more troops than it had contemplated. The present draft will not give the Government over 75,000 men, and it is said in some quarters that this estimate is too high by 25,000. Another draft will undoubtedly take place very soon, except in those States which, prefer to raise the full quota, and cando it by volunteering. Nearly all the Western States will raise their (laotas liy volunteering, as the Government offers a bounty of 300 dollars. The next draft will, probably, be for 600,000 men; and the expectation of the Government will be, under new instructions, to-obtain one-third of the men drawn as soldiers. The two drafts and the volunteering,, it is esti- mated, will give about 300,000 men by the 1st January next." Ihike Augustus of Saxe-Coburg has met with a serious accident whilst stag-hanting- at his estate of Siamenthal, in Moravia. It appears that he was attacked-by a stag which had been wounded by a shot. Flie Date was so severely inusrofl that for several days hidifo was despaired of. He is now stated to be out .o? danger. r'i ,< r

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