T O W- 1ST T -A. L 7~Z. £ 0f OUR LONDON CORRESPONDENT. 0 Ova readers will understand that we do; not hold ourselves responsible for our able Correspondent's opinions. ♦ DEATH has been very busy lately among men of mark. Within little more than a week Archbishop Whately, Lord Lyndhurst, and Mrs. Trollope have gone to that bourne. from which no traveller returns." Lord Lyndhurst was ninety-one years old, and nearly to the last enjoyed the full possession of his mental powers. Ten years ago he was one of the great orators of the House of Lords twenty years ago he had all the power of a man in the prime of life thirty years ago he looked, as he walked across the Green-park to the House of Lords, like some gay and gallant colonel of the guards-it was before the day of moustaches- and yet he was a man who, to use a vulgar phrase, lived every day of his life until he was past sixty. He was married twice-on neither occasion to rank or fortune, although his hand- some person, his amiable and engaging manners, and his high rank would have commanded both. He owed almost everything to his fine consti- tution and extraordinary talents. His father was an American, and a painter, whose chief work, The Death of Chatham," achieved a long and lasting popularity. His grandfather was an Irishman, and he himself was born in Boston. But his father came to England, and there gave his son that education at Trinity College, Cambridge, which opened the way for his great talents. Young Copley was not industrious, in the usual sense of the term, or orderly, or economical; like another modern successful lawyer and justice, he never denied himself anything. However, he managed to get a very good mathematical degree; and subsequently was made Travelling Bachelor," an office now done away with, in which capacity he visited his native land, and spent some days with Washington, at Mount Vernon. As a young undergraduate of Cambridge, he was of course a I- Republican. All clever young men were in those days. He, however, first joined the Tory Govern- ment, and successively became Solicitor-General, Attorney-General, and Lord Chancellor, so far back as 1826. He succeeded—and it was a blessed change for the suitors-Lord Eldon, and began the internal reform of the Court of Chancery, at- tempted in vain by Sir John Romilly. In the contest on the Reform Bill, Lord Lynd- hurst became more unpopular than almost any leading statesman of his time. The Tories dis- liked him for his Law Reforms, the Whigs for his return to his old Toryism, which ended in the famous measures by which he turned out the Government. Then began these celebrated duels in the House of Lords between the Chancellor and the ex- Chancellor, the first among the many fine examples n y of debating it has been my lot to hear. It is difficult to give the present generation axx idea of the disgust and contempt with which the peers of the anti-reform age looked upon the new law lords. They had not then learned the value of Lyndhurst as a political leader they bore Peel with impatience and they had not dreamed of the rise of Disraeli. I was a boy from the country when I first heard the late Lord B- say to his agent, Will you you go down, K-, this evening, and see these two lawyers fight? Words cannot give an idea of the contempt with which this was spoken. I have lived to see Lord Lyndhurst worshipped by his party, and his words hung upon with ecstasy by titled crowds. In learning, in vast variety of knowledge, Lord Brougham was infinitely Lord Lyndhurst's su- perior, and had also the advantage of advocating reforms in law that are now universally adopted but I must confess that it seemed to me that Lord Lyndhurst had almost always the advantage. He had so fine and graceful a person, so melodious a voice, that, with the exception of the Earl of Derby, I never heard his equal. In later years he and Lord Brougham became almost allies and very fast friends. It was pleasant to see them together. Although a more decided Tory than the abler men of his party, Lord Lyndhurst was a Liberal in foreign politics; in these matters he was of the school of Canning, his earlier colleague. His speech on Italy, coming from an English Tory, made a great sensation on the continent. I fancy that Lord Lyndhurst was a very happy man; he enjoyed life, and when he grew old and feeble he still enjoyed books of all kinds. He was a subscriber to the. London Library, and actively followed all the current literature. I remember hearing Lady Lyndhurst say to the late librarian, when Dumas' celebrated novel first appeared, "I have been reading 'Monte Christo' to Lord Lyndhurst, and he would not go to bed until the last volume was finished." Lord Lyndhurst will be deeply and affectionately regretted by his friends-he has left no equal in his style of legal and Parliamentary eloquence; but, unlike Lord Brougham, he has made no name for himself in the history of his country. Elo- quence, especially party eloquence, resembles words written on sand. Mrs. Trollope was not quite so old as Lord Lyndhurst, and in the height of her popularity about the same time. She was a sort of female Tory Cobbett, writing novels, in which, in stout plain English, she abused and caricatured all the people and parties she did not like. Her villains and fools were all Whigs, manufacturers, and evangelical parsons. We well remember the storm that was raised in England by her. "Vicar of WrexLill;" and the indignation the Americans felt at her Sketches." I don't think she would have been safe in New York if she had ventured there again. I have left myself no room to say anything about Archbishop Whately, whom also I knew a little., He again carries us back into a past which has almost become history. At Oxford he was a ¡ Liberal, among Tories of the most old-fashioned ¡' kind, and therefore a mark for every expression of dread and abhorrence. However, he lived it all < down he never flinched from what he believed to be right, and throughout life chose the losing side," and helped all who needed help. His good humour and his wit, which last gift was most frequently exercised for the putting down of pretence and impertinence, will long be re- membered by all who knew him. In his difficult post at Dublin he managed successfully to con- ciliate, if he aid not satisfy, everybody. Z.Z.
OUTLINES OF THE WEEK. "-+--<' THE latest intelligence from America shows that no further fighting has taken place, either in Ten- nessee or "on the Potomac. Rosecrans still remains on the defensive, but his position is said to be a very strong one. General Burnside had not effected a junction with him when the Arabia left New York; but, on the contrary, had resigned his command, and General Hooker was named as his successor. Neither had anything new taken place at Charleston. The papers, however, are full of laudations on the Russians, and the people are said to have made the presence of the Russian ships in their bay the opportunity of honouring and flattering Russia, and of heaping insults and opprobrium on both England and France. We are grieved to see that the Russian officers, in- stead of depreciating, seemed to rejoice in these hostile demonstrations against England. THE Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, who has been fer some months on a visit to this country, and has so frequently refused invitations to honour with his presence any meeting at which he may be called upon to declare his sentiments, came out at Glasgow, and again at Manchester, last week, where he had responded to a call made upon him to address a meeting at the Free Trade-hall. Here he received a welcome such as has rarely been accorded to any other person. The spacious hall was crowded in every part, and when the reverend gentleman appeared he was greeted with the most enthusiastic cheers. An address was presented to him, to which he replied in a long and eloquent speech. During his oration he was frequently inter- rupted, but those checks only served to show how limited was the opposition and how general was the agreement with the sentiments of the speaker. His pointed remarks were frequently greeted with rounds of applause; and when he read a notice that the "broad arrow" of the Government had that day been placed on the suspected steam rams in the Mersey, the enthusiasm reached its climax. The whole audience rose, vociferously cheering and waving hats and handkerchiefs; and notwithstand- ing the slight opposition that was raised against him, Mr. Beecher left behind him an impression which will not soon be forgotten by the friends of the Federal Government in Manchester. BUT, per contra, Mr. Lindsay, M.P., has, during the last week, addressed the members of the Mid- dlesex Agricultural Association on the American question. He said: If the people of England believed that the horrible war across the Atlantic was being waged in order to put an end to slavery, then he ccra.\<!L underBtá;nd that "fcKeix sy*n.patliies > would be with the Federals. We in this country, he contended, had seen sufficient to persuade us that they were neither honest. nor earnest in their profession. to put down slavery, but that there were other reasons which induced them to wage war against the Southerners. He had seen enough to know that if they really desired to put down an institution which few people, he was happy to say, in this country admired, they would have obtained the sympathies of a very large majority of the people of this country. But when they found that the President himself entered office and made it his platform, that he did not enter office for the purpose of putting down slavery, and did not intend to take any steps to put down slavery, nor did he believe that he could legally do so, the people of England could not believe that he was in earnest, and it was vain for him to attempt to support a mere political cry by endea- vouring to persuade the people of this country that his motive for carrying on the war was to put down slavery, and that upon that ground he was entitled to their sympathies." It had been stated, he said, on reliable authority, that the American Government, in answer to communica- tions upon the subject, had said, "If the free negroes refuse to work whip them." So that after all they would get nothing by the change, and the same system of discipline would be carried out, and probably in a more cruel manner by the Northerners than the Southerners. For our own part, we are disposed to think that, however this sad war may end, slavery has received its death- blow, and neither North nor South will ever again be able to uphold it. IN legal circles, the recent appointments made by Lord Palmerston appear to have given any- thing but satisfaction. The noisy, turbulent, Old Bailey practitioners discuss it at Newgate and in the county courts; grave old benchers calmly weigh the merits of the new men over their crusty port in solemn confab; and the convivial students of the Temple stop amid their deep potations of bitter beer and whiskey-punch to pooh-pooh the luckless Sir William Atherton, and to discuss the relative merits of Sir Roundell Palmer and Sir Hugh Cairns-the two great guns of the Chancery bar. The friends of Serjeant Shee are terribly disappointed at his not having obtained the vacant judgeship, while those of Mr. Lush assert that the noble premier, on hearing the name of tkat gentleman. submitted to him, observed, No, no, I can never appoint a man who has not done the party some service, and therefore I cannot promote Mr. Lush, who is not in Parliament, and who has not been of any political advantage to us." BUT one of the greatest topics of the week has been the Social Science Meeting at Edinburgh, and the address delivered by Lord Brougham. It is impossible not to feel something like astonish- ment and veneration that a man, whose public life, marked from the very beginning by extra- ordinary activity, extending over a period to which the memories of only a few of the population can stretch, should be able to produce a speech so full of stirring thoughts, marked by such dignity of style, and so free from those prejudices which are usually the attendants of an age so advanced as his. The circumstance that the noble lord was too feeble to read through his own composition made the oc- jasion of its production one of almost monumental signify mce, Few persons could have watched with: out a thrill of sympathy the emotion with which the accomplished veteran philosopher referred to the death of many of his coadjutors, and when, in his own appropriate words, he remarked, "When our feelings, mine especially, are touched with the blank which surrounds us, it is our duty to submit; but it is also our, consolation at least to reflect that the period of separation from those we have loved and lost is drawing' fast to a close; and :when, not long afterwards, he, faint and exhausted, was compelled to hand over his manuscript to the secretary, because totally unable, to continue the exertion of its delivery, the in career of the venerable President would recur to every mind, and impart the fascination of solemnity to the meeting. The learned address touched upon nearly every prominent subject of public interest, taking foreign and political matters first, and ending with purely national ones, such as education and co-operation. On the former sub- ject he spoke largely, more especially of the z- extraordinary diffusion of useful knowledge as well as harmless amusement in cheap publica- tions. He dwelt upon the publications of Messrs. Chambers, Houlston, and Cassell, Petter, and Galpin, and of the latter firm he spoke in the highest terms referring to the weekly publication of their" Educator," "Quiver," and "Pilgrim' Progress," and last, though not least, of their "Bible," which had passed through 212 weekly numbers, and had been issued at a penny, though containing eight quarto pages of letter-press and five really beautiful prints. The number weekly issued of this publication he reported to have been 300,000, giving a total of 63,000,000 sold. By means of this he stated Mr. Cassell and his part- ners may well say they have converted every poor man's house into a school of moral and religious instruction, and the nation which has such oppor- tunities of learning should become great among the peoples of the earth. THERE is no subject more generally spoken of, both in London and the country, than that of the earthquake, which appears to have been felt by sleepless persons from one end of England to the other. It has been a wonderful assistance to the daily papers, in which innumerable letters from correspondents from all parts of the country have been published, the editors thankfully availing themselves of such information to fill up their otherwise-uninteresting columns at this season of the year. The still hour of the night at which the earthquake occurred is one which disposes the mind to gloomy thoughts and strange emotions, and the letters are all written with that tinge strong upon them. Charles Dickens declares that his bed heaved as though monstrous beast had got beneath and shaken itself. Some compare the heaving of their beds toavessel tossed by storm, though but few have the courage to tell us that their impression was similar to what they have experienced after a festive night, when the couch has made mysterious gyrations. Some. of the correspondents lay par- ticular stress upon what their better halves and strong-minded wives experienced, and of the pal- pitations of heart and tremors that followed this shock. It ia. not for us to enter scientifically into the origin of the late earthquake, but inasmuch as two hundred and fifty-five shocks of this kind have been previously felt in England without being followed by anything which could bring calamity upon the nation, we will not range ourselves amongst the number of prophets who, in these "sensation" times, predict other more formidable visitations. It is curious to note the superstitious turn that is displayed in many articles written upon this subject, which compare this natural visitation to those terrible, unearthly, and incomprehensible ones which are to warn us of the last events. The doing so is almost equivalent to the ignorance of the Welsh peasantry who, some years ago, construed the appearance of the comet to foretell the end of the world, whereon many persons emigrated to America to escape the disaster that was first coming' upon England others ate up all their bacon and provisions as fast as possible, which be- came scant in the winter; while little farmers declined to sow seed for next harvest which was not to come. This does not speak well for the progress of the age, or of the peaceable and religious state of the nation, that the people should be wildly moved to. panics by perceptible facts or phenomena readily accounted for.
THE ÇHANNEL FLEET. The Portsmouth division of the Channel fleet has arrived at Spithead. Early on Saturday morn- ing the Resistance, 18, iron screw frigate, Captain William Chamberlain, anchored at Spithead, and at about half-past eleven, the Warrior, 40, iron screw frigate, Captain the Hon. Arthur A. Coch- rane, also dropped anchor, having arrived from Plymouth, and saluted the flag of Vice-Admiral Sir Michael Seymour, G.C.B., the Port Admiral. A large number of persons witnessed the arrival of the fleet, which had parted company during the gale of Friday night, and at daylight on Saturday morning the Warrior and Resistance only were seen off the east end of the Wight. The Resist- ance made the best of her way to the anchorage, while the Warrior remained off the east end of the island until ten o'clock, awaiting the arrival of the Edgar. As the admiral's ship had not hove in sight by this time, the Warrior followed in the wake of the Resistance, and bore up for Spithead, where she anchored to the east of the Resistance. Shortly after three o'clock, the Edgar, 73, Captain Geoffrey T. P. Hornby, bearing the flag of Rear- Admiral Sydney Calpoys Dacres, C.B., and the Emerald, 35, screw frigate, Captain Arthur Cum- ming, were seen at the eastward. They made for Spithead, where they anchored in safety at half- past five o'clock. It was thought that the Edgar and Emerald had put in at Portland, but such appears not to have been the case. A gale sprang up on the night of their arrival, and raged with unbounded fury; and early the next morning there was a terrible storm of thunder and lightning. The sky appeared in one blaze of light, so rapidly did flash succeed flash, and the thunder resembled the discharge of heavy artillery over the town. The rain descended in a flood, and the wind shook almost every house, so that it was most fortunate that the fleet had returned to what may be called their home, and had safely anchored at Spithead
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DEPUTATIONS TO THE KING OF GREEQE. l On Saturday morning his Majesty the King off jj Greece received several deputations at Marlborough-i house. One of them was that o £ £ he Philhellenic Committee, consisting of the Earl of (Joventdfy, Admiral Burney, Mr. Scholefield, M.P., Mr. Wy}d^M.P., JVIiv Maguire, M.P., Mr. Locke, "M.P., Mr. "Laihbert, Mr. Page, and other gentlemen. The King, who was without any attendants, received the deputation with great cordiality. The address, which was read, stated that the committee hailed his Majesty's accession' to the throne as an event full of hope and sympathy for a country which has' long and justly-excited the.'sym- pathy of every glorious and liberty-loving people. His Majesty expressed himself as greatly pleased with the sentiments conveyed in the address, and his hope that he should be enabled to rule the country pros- perously. Deputations of natives, of Greece, resident in England, were also presented to his Hellenic Majesty by A. C. lonides, Esq., Greek consul-general. First.— The three clergymen of the Greek church of London, Liverpool, and Manchester, Rev. Archimandrites Murphiuos, Stratonlis, and Moros. Second.—Greek residents in London, M. E. Radocanachi, J. G. Homere, and S. Dilberoglue. Mr. P. S. Ralli, who was chair- man and member of the said deputation, was prevented from attending by severe illness. Third.—A depu- tation from the Greek community of Manchester (with an address), Messrs. S. N. Frangopoulo (Greek con- sul), Joannides, and Zygomalas. Fourth.-A Greek deputation from Liverpool, D. N. Giannacopoulo (consul, with an address), G. E. Pappayanni, C. M. Ralli, and M. Eumogfopoulo. Fifth.-The officers of the National Guard of Ccreece-namely, M. G. P. Lascaridi, late representative of the Greek community of the London and the National Assembly at Athens, and Messrs. Argyropoulo and Charalambi. Sixth.- The three wardens of the Greek church at London- wall, Messrs. B. Melas, S. A. Ralli, and E. A. Mabro- gordato. Seventh.—Messrs. Stawaty, Zizinia, and E. C. lonides, Greek merchants in London, were also in- troduced by A. C. lonides, consul-general. The following address from the Greek residents in London was read by Mr. Homere:—■ Sire,-It is with feelings of the deepest joy and satisfaction that we, the Greeks resident in London, respectfully approach your Majesty for the purpose of offering our loyal and sincere homage. Sire, in celebrating this auspicious day, we all congra- tulate ourselves upon our great gooi fortune in being the first Greek community which has been honoured by the presence of your Majesty on your way to Greece; and we rejoice that from this land of philhellenic and liberal sentiments-from this new home of your august and gracious sister, we are the first to salute the King of the Hellenes with the Hellenic Ohaire (rejoice). The privacy with which your Majesty travels, and your short stay in this great city, render us incapable of giving a clearer and stronger expression to the feelings of joy with which we view your arrival. But we rejoice in thinking that this privation to us, who are but few, will be more than compensated by the transports of our entire nation so soon as your Majesty shall have set foot on Grecian soil-you, who bear with you order and a settled law, and who bring those benefits for which our country has long sighed. Yes, sire, the political and social virtues of that noble family of which you are a member, justify the Greeks in anticipating from your Majesty, who has been educated in its high principles, the most beneficent influences upon their national life. Already, sire, Greece prepares to welcome, as members of the great national family, the Ionian Islands which you bring to Greece as a dowry; these seven fair jewels of your crown, which generous hands have bestowed upon your Majesty, a gift alike honourable to givers and receivers. Truly inexhaustible is the gratitude of our countrymen to their benefactors. Your new country, sire, is rich in moral and physical capabilities, which need P. development similar to that which Christian IV., of glerious memory, fostered in Denmark. And your loyal and obedient subjects feel certain that your Majesty, emulating the example of that great prince, and guided by the truly constitu- tional principles of your august uncle, who now reigns in every Danish heart, will rapidly assume the direction of the affairs of Greece, and lead her to a happy and prosperous future. The work, is indeed difficult, but it is the mission of great men to undertake great tasks; the glory that results from such enterprises is proportionate to the difficulties overcome. We fervently trilst that God, whose divine providence has in so many ways tried, but never forsaken, Greeee-who has accorded to her the protection of the Great Powers-and who now places you at the head of the Greek natios, will, in His infinite goodness, grant you that firm and happy reign on which depends the prosperity of your subjects, and which will exert a beneficent influence over the-Christian inhabitants of neighbour- ing States. And we, who, far from our beloved country, have been the first among the Greeks to welcome our King, though our hopes are ever bent upon a brighter future, give thanks to God for His present blessings, confide that future to His perfect justice, and offer up our heartfelt prayers that He may pour His divine grace upon the head of our august and beloved sovereign. God save our King. The other addresses, from Manchester and Liver- pool, were then read. They were an echo of the above. 'His Majesty briefly expressed his thanks to the deputation for their loyal expression of him. He then shook hands with the members of several deputations, and they retired, much pleased with their reception.,
DEATH OF ARCHBISHOP WHATELY. The Right Rev. Dr. Whately, Archbishop of Dublin, whose life has been some time despaired of, died on Thursday. "Men of the Time supplies the following memoir of this distinguished prelate "Whately, the Right Rev. Richard, D.D., Archbishop of Dublin, an eminent theologian and writer on logic and political economy, was born in 1787. He is the son of the Rev. Dr. Whately, of Nonsuch-park, Surrey. He was educated at Oriel College, Oxford, of which, in 1819, he was elected a fellow.. The College of Oriel is famous for having sent out some of the greatest thinkers of which English Churchmen of the present generation may boast, such as Dr. Arnold, Dr Copleston, Dr. J. H. New- man, and the subject of this, sketch. Whately was appointed to read the Bampton Lectures in 1822, in which year he accepted the rectory of Halesworth, in Suffolk, value zC450 per annum. In the contest which took place in the University, when Sir Robert Peel, appealed to his learned constituents upon the Catholic question, Whately voted for the right honourable baronet. In 1830 he was appointed President of St. Alban's-hall, and Professor of Political Economy; and in 1831 he was conse- crated Archbishop of Dublin and Bishop of Glendalagh. The diocese of Ki'dare has since been added to his charge. His lordship has published a considerable number of theological writings, consisting of sermons and charges, all marked by a desire to place religion on a simple and scriptural basis, and in harmony with man's intellectual nature. His style is aphoristic and luminous, and his reasoning most severe. In the adminis- tration of his office he has displayed a uniform liberality, and has been a constant promoter of the national system of education in Ireland. He is the author, among other works, of a treatise on political economy, and the best manual of logic which we possess, and has published an edition of 1 Bacon's Essays. The fine old Temple Church in London, which has been closed since the long vacation commenced, was reopened for public worship on Sunday by the Venerable Archdeacon Robinson, Master of the Temple. Harvesting on Sunday.—In Queen Elizabeth's reign a proclamation was issued, whereby all parsons, vicars, and curates were enjoined" to teach and declare unto the people, that they might, with safe and quiet consciences (after common prayer), in time of harvest, labour upon the holy and festival days, and save the things which God had sent them; for if, by any groundless scruples of conscience, they should abstain from working on those days, that they should grievously offend and displease God, if the grain was thereby lost or damaged." An Ancient Rose-tree.—The town of Hildesheim (Hanover) can boast the oldest rose-tree in Europe. It is said to have been planted by the Emperor Louis the Pious in the beginning of the ninth century, when the episcopal see founded by his father, Charlemagne, was removed to Elize. The documents proving this fact were destroyed by a fire in the cathedral in 1.013, but later records show that, in 1078, Bishop Hezilo had a wall built round the tree to protect it. For centuries past this wild rose-tree has been an object of interest to travellers and naturalists, and no stranger ever goes to Hildesheim without visiting the Imperial rose-tree by the side of the cathedral. Within the last year the old roots have sent forth several new shoots, one of which is now twelve feet high and nearly an inch in diameter. A Fact.-Insecticide Vieat. Patronised by French Govern- ment. 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TELEGRAPHIC NEWS. t AMEEIOA NEW YORK, SEPT. 26. Advices from General Rosecrans to the 24th inst, report that the Confederates are in force in his front. The Confederate infantry are massed in Chickamanga Creek and Valley. It is rumoured that Sherman's corps of Grant's army joined Rosecrans on the 23rd inst. Great anxiety is still felt for the safety of General Burnside. The opinion prevails that he will be cut off if he attempts to reinforce Rosecrans. A Confederate column has crossed the Missionary Ridge, it was supposed to intercept Burnside. It is estimated that Rosecrans lost 50 cannon and 10,000 men killed, .wpu-ndedj -and missing, besides a large amount of material. Unless Rosecrans reosived prompt reinforcements it was feared he would be flanked and compelled tOo retreat across the Tennessee River., The Confederate Generals Preston, Smith, Hood,. Deshler, and Helm are killed, and Adams, Gregg, and Brown wounded. J.V The Southern journals think that u General Rose- crans is permitted to hold Chattanooga, General Bragg's victory will be without profit. md_- The accounts are conflicting concerning the number of General Lee's troops who were with Bragg; but it is believed that General Lee's army has not been very materially weakened. The news from General Meade's army is meagre; nothing positive being known concerning the prospects of an early engagement on the Rapidan, or of General Meade's intentions. The Confederates are reported to be threatening the- Federal lines in North Carolina. 2,000 of General Burnside's troops were repulsed in. an attack upon Zollicoffer, in Tennessee. The Russian flag-ship Alexander Newsky, Admiral Lasofski, with four other Russian men-of-war, have; anchored in New York harbour. It is rumoured they will remain there all the winter. The press urge that a hospitable welcome be given to the Russian officers. NEW YORK, OCTOBER 1. No fighting has taken place in Tennessee since the 21st ult. Unauthenticated rumours unfavourable to Rosecrans and Burnside are current at Washington. Burnside was still at Knoxville on the 24th ult. It is reported that his resignation has been accepted, and that Hooker supersedes him. News from Charleston to the 25th ult. states that preparations for the bombardment were progressing.. Meade's and Lee's armies were quiet. 10,000 Confederates are reported to have concen- trated at Mount Jackson for a raid into the Shenan- doah Valley. The correspondent of the New York Herald asserts that it is impossible for Bragg to dislodge Rosecrans from his position at Chattanooga by direct advances. General Rosecrans could only be dislodged by a cam- paign in force against his communications. General Grant is unable through sickness to resume active duty. A considerable amount of Government cotton is arriving at Vicksburg. Great popular sympathy is evinced towards the officers and men of the Russian fleet, which, it is re- ported, will remain at New York many months. A dinner has been given to the Russian admiral at the Metropolitan Hotel. The admiral made a speech in which, referring to Russia, he expressed a hope that present circumstances would end peacefully. The Russians, however, were ready for any sacrifice, and as Moscow was burned so they would not shrink from burning St. Petersburg if necessary. If foreign nations were at peace, the Russians would receive it on honourable terms, and bless God for peace. The admiral's speech produced a great sensation. A speaker named Wallridge observed that Russia, in sending a fleet to New York, wished to have it where, at a given signal, it could sweep English and French commerce from the seas. Yesterday the Russians visited the forts in New York harbour. At a banquet on board the steamer- Admiral Paulding made a speech in which he expressed a hope that whenever it became necessary for America. to fight foreign enemies, Russians would be found shoulder to shoulder with Americans. The British line of battle ship Nile and Immortalite frigate, and the French frigates Guerre and Bellone,, have arrived at New York. Admiral Milne officially visited Mayor Opdyke. Mobile dispatches of the 26th assert that the New Orleans Era. mentions a Federal disaster in Louisiana,, confirming the rumour current in Mobile that General Weitzel was defeated and killed at Napoleon, Louis- iana. It is reported that there is no difficulty in rein- forcing General Rosecrans, the communication be- tween Washington and Chattanooga being perfect. The. Southern journals assert that General Lee had, information that two corps from General Meade's. army have reinforced Rosecrans.
PUBLIC FEELING IN DENMARK. The Faderlandet announces that the conclusion of the northern alliance may be regarded as certain, and although the treaty is not yet either notified or rati- fied, this will be done very shortly. The cause of delay is not any divergence of opinion, but solely the respect due to the Western Powers, one of which, France as we are informed, has replied in a very courteous and encouraging manner to the communi- cations addressed to her on the part of Denmark. At the festival dinner which took place at Gluck- stadt, Prince Christian, in proposing the health of the- King, spoke of the. political situation of the country. I believe," said he, I may declare that every one is, like myself, prepared to offer his blood and his life for the honour, the independence, and the rights of Denmark." The King replied that the words of the Prince, proceeding from the heart, would everywhere find an echo; that he desired peace, but if it could not be maintained he would find support in the fidelity of his people. The King concluded with a toast to the country. ♦- At the Selkirk Registration Court last week Sheriff Dundas gave judgment on the claims of the Free Kirk ministers to vote in respect of their manses. He repelled the objections and retained their names. The steam rams built by Messrs. Laird were seized by the Liverpool Customs authorities on Friday. A Modern Auto-da-Fe.—A correspondent of the Independance Belge, writing from Rome on the 29th September, says Last week the Pope went to the Quirinal, and had a number of books, which he set fire to, brought into the garden. When they began to burn he said, While the flames of hell are blazing let us take an ice;' and refreshments were served in front of the auto-da-fe. I cannot say for certain that M. Renan's book was there, but it is probable. For- merly condemned books were burnt by the hands of the hangman; now the Pope is himself the executioner." "No Cards.The "no card" seems to flolirish., One might almost imagine that the addition of those little words now cease to be necessary, as no one could over expect to receive such unfashionable things as wedding-cards; but that the public does not think so is very evident from the fact of last Saturday's Times. containing nineteen announcements of marriages with the "no cards" appended to each. Funeral invita- tions seem equally to be things of days gone by, for "Friends will please accept this notice" is supposed to serve the separate note each friend of the deceased expected to receive, requesting his or her attendance at the funeral. Her Majesty and the Poetical Drummer.— John Arthur Elliott, a drummer in the 2nd Battalion of Coldstream Guards, lately stationed at Windsor, having published several of his poetical effusions, such- as the "Death of Field-Marshal Lord Clyde," "A Welcome to our Queen on her Majesty's Return from Germany," &c., copies were sent to the Queen, and her Majesty has been pleased to acknowledge the re- ceipt of the same by the following reply to the drummer through Sir Charles Phipps:—" Buckingham* Palace, September 25, 1863.—Sir Charles Phipps has been commanded to inform Drummer John Arthur Elliott that her Majesty the Queen has been pleased to receive, the verses inclosed in his letters of the 1st and 15th inst., and to direct the inclosed post-office order for < £ 1 to be sent to him." Elliott was well known and much. respected in Windsor, and, being intimately connected with St. Mark's School, was, just previous to his leaving Windsor, presented by the Rev. S. Hawtrey with a splendid writing-desk and a, set of quadrilles for his gratuitous services in instructing the baud of that school. Duty off Tea.—Full benefit obtained by purchasing Horni- man's Tea in Packets: very choice, 3s. 4ci.&is, "High Standard," 4s. id. (forlmrlv 48. Sd.) is the best imported. 2,280 Agents.