EPITOME OF NEWiJ. --+- A Portuguese, of the name of Mori, has just been received into the Infirmary at Greenwich Royal Hospital, when, upon searching him, upwards of zCl,000 were found upon him, the scrapings together of forty-nine years. It is a pleasant thing to hear that the Coventry ribbon trade is again flourishing. The turn of things has been brought about by the reproduction of an article called" lutes," which is in great fashion and demand in Paris, and a little in London.. Certainly on such a lute the praise of Lord Leigh, who stood so staunchly by the ribbon men," should be sung. The odd appearance of a carriage in the shape of a boot being drawn along the Boulevards ha3 created a sensation. The object is to advertise a Balmoral boot, and must be confessed to be a good plan, as it is thoroughly done, and very neat The Parisians are begining to be a little more wide awake to the benefits of advertising. It is stated upon good authority that there is no foundation for the rumour now in circulation that the Great Eastern is to be sold by auction. On the other hand, it is correct that the directors have determined not to send "her to sea again this year. Nothing as regards the future duty and:destination of the vessel will be done or decided upon until the shareholders are called together at an early day, when a full statement of affairs will be laid before them. A preliminary meeting, convened by the Lord Provost of Glasgow, has been held in the Council Chambers there, to consider the propriety of convening a public meeting of the inhabitants, with a view to the erection of a suitable memorial to Lord C!yde in his native city. The Lord Provost preeided. On the occasion of settling the affairs of a deceased member of the Benazet family, it has transpired that the average clear profits of their contract for the gaming houses of Baden is 1,200,OOOf. per annum. The gaming houses at Aix- les-Bains, suppressed in 1857 by Count Cavour, gave M. Bias, the contractor, a clear annual profit of 1,000,000f. The Duchess of Gordon has just presented two hundred copies of the Scriptures to two hundred Highland navvies. The Rev. Frederick William Faber, D.D., Superior of the London Oratory, died last week, after a long and painful illness. He was born in 1813, and was the nephew of the celebrated George Stanley Faber, author of works on prophecy. The telegraphic communication between Mes- sina and Calabria having been last year interrupted by the break- ing of the cable, a new one has been sank outside the straits, where it is considered safer, and has now been in operation since the 1st September. At the return match between the Liverpool and. foutbport and Rochdale Rifle Clubs, at the Rochdale Range, the Liverpool and Southport gentlemen beat their opponents by four, An accident, which might have been fatal, occurred at Birmingham last week, through a spirited pony taking fright at the noise of a street organ. It may be said, people should not drive such spirited ponies; but it may more reasonably be said, that organ grinding should be prevented, which at once annoys the cultivated human and the spirited equine animal. Mr. Peacock, who has been upwards of forty years a member of the London Court of Common Council, and twenty- six years deputy of the Ward of Fdrringdon, died last week at the advanced age of eighty-five. The late Mr. Cockerell has been interred in St. Paul's Cathedral, where the service was chorally rendered, the bulk of it being taken by the venerable dean. Though not one of the foremost architects of his day, Mr. Cockerell was a man who had well earned the honour that has been paid to his re- The Bishop of Chichester has addressed a letter to the two archdeacons of his diocese, the Rev. Dr. W. B. Otter, of Lewes, and the Rev, James Garbett, M.A., cf Chichester. in which he desires them to make known to the rural deans and clergy his wish that, at the earliest opportunity, they will, in an appropriate manner. humbly thank God for his Divine bounty in the late plentiful harvest. Mr. Boame, a v-estryman of St. Martin's-in-the- Fields, in consequence of a recent trial, moved "That the insurances over which the vestry have control be removed from the Sun Fire Insurance-office, and that the vestry do recommend the trustees of the parochial estates and the chu-chwardens to do the same." After some discussion the motion was carried by 12 to 4. An application was made, the other day, at the Worship-street Police-court, revealing the details of a new swihdle. A man calls at the house of a well-known amateur bird-fancier, and, in the absence of the husband, offers the lady of the house two rare and beautiful foreign birds, for which he receives in exchange other birds and cash. The foreign birds turn out to be English greenfinches, with handsome tails fixed on by means of sealing-wax. A Valuable Parish.—A return just issued shows that the single parish of St. Pancras was assessed last year to the property-tax under schedule A, the schedule for the annual value of land (including the houses built upon it, the railways, &c.). at £ 3,798,521. Tlxe negroes of Jamaica have recently made a pleasing acknowledgment of their indebtedness to Lord Brougham for his services in the cause of freedom. They have ,.t forwarded to his lordship an address in which they convey their deep gratitude. The Americans have never got so far in the baby show line as the Britons, and particularly as the Bristolians, who have proposed a grand baby show of twins the time stated is the end of next year, so that there has been ample notice for preparation. The mayor of Salford, Mr. W. Pearson, has received a requisition signed by every member of the Conncil, except by two gentlemen who retire this year, requesting him to allow himself to be nominated for the coming year, to which he has" consented. An inquest was held at the Town of Ramsgate Tavern, Wapping, on Monday, before Mr. Humphreys, coroner for MMdIesex, on the body of James Mead, waterman, who had been run down and drowned, whilst in a small boat, by the Plover, steam vessel, belonging to the Waterman's Steam Packet Company. The jury returned a verdict of "Accidental death." Mr. Alderman Humphery, who has represented the Ward of Aldgate in the Court of Aldermen for many years, died on Monday. Several gentlemen have already been feeling their way to succeed him but there is a general impression in the ward that Mr. Andrew Lusk, late sheriff, and one of the cOlQttlon councilmen of the warJ, is so well qualified, from his commercial and social position, that the chances of any "stranger would be exceedingly remote. Two prizes of -1-25 each have been placed in the hands of the council of the Society of Arts by Mr. J. Bailey Denton, to which is added tho society's medal, to be offered for the most approved designs for cottages, with three bedrooms in each, to be built singly or in pairs, at a coat not exceeding £100 each They are offered, one for competition among the members of the Architectural Association, and the other to be open to the United Kingdom. The court-martial on Colonel Crawley, will, it is beHeved, cost the country little less than £ 50,000. A Solemn mass is to be celebrated in the Church of Saint-Jacques, at Ghent, as an act of reparation for the blasphemy and impiety uttered in the sittings of the Congress of Social Science, which has just been held at Ghent. The consumption of French wines in this country, as appears from an article in the Constitutionnel, has in no degree realised the expc ctations encouraged at the time of the alteration of the duties. A wheat-thrashing contest has taken place recently at Illinois for a prize of one hundred dollars. The winning machine thrashed at the rate of upwards of two bushels per minute. A rich coal mine has been recently discovered at Quimper, near Brest. Some engineers have been sent down there by the Minister of Public Works to examine it. Another has been lound in the Ardennes, which a Valenciennes paper thinks wiQ prove superior to any of the Belgian coal mines. Mr. Barge, one of the officials of the county prison at Dorchester, has a hen goldfinch, and for the last two years he has daily opened the door of her cage, and the bird in the winter has regularly left her home in the morning and re- torted to it at night, but in the summer the bird stops away for a long time. This summer it was absent for thirteen weeks. La^t week Mr. Barge saw the gcldfineh near his house feeding a young one. The cage was shut at the time, but on its being opened the old bird and her young one flew in. The late Mr. Ellice is stated to have died intestate, leaving only a memorandum desiring that he might be buried at the least possible expense near the place where be mfght happen to die; and no invitations to attend the funeral were issued except to those immediately connected with the family. The Rev. nenrv Ward Beecher was in London during last week after his continental trip, and is now we are told, in Scotland, but will take part in a public meeting in Exeter-hall shortly. A company is being formed with a capital of zEI20,000 to purchase the business of the well-known London Tavern, in Threadneedle-street. Dr. Fairbairn, at a lecture lately given at Liverpool, said he had ascertained that the tensile strain of iron was five times that of the best English oak. He ascertained also that seven times t!ie pressure that would crash wood was required to emsh iron. The Secretary of the Sun' Fire-office writes to the London papers stating that during the last forty years, in which ihey have discharged not less than 50,000 claims, they have only had occasion to resist fifteen in a court of law, and in only four of these, including the late Croydon case, have they failed to establish the pleas which they have felt it their duty to place on the record. Messrs. Glass, Elliott, and Co., have received the contract to lay down the Atlantic Telegraph, and hope tof accomplish the feat next summer. At the meeting of the Commissioners of Sewers at the London Guildhall, under the presidency of Mr. Deputy De Jersey, Dr. Letheby, the medical officer, presented his report, from which it appeared that the markets and slaughter-houses had been duly inspected, and that the officers had condemned 1,0971b. of meat as unfit for human food. The price of lions at the present moment is £f10 a pair. This is the latest quotation at which a transaction was done of a pair sent from Clifton, born and bied on our soil therefore and real British liana. r" •• Mr John Webb, an old veteran, died in St. t Cross Hospital, near Winchester last week, at the age of nearly 100 years. He fought in the famous action with Count de Grasse, W^6n "Bold Rodney made the French to rue i The twelfth of April 'eighty two." £ The free Australian colonies threaten that s if transportation is resumed to Western AuStralia they will all ] pass laws for transporting their criminals to Great Britain. ( In speaking of the general aspect of the ( money market, the Economist says, The future is a bright one, and we are able to state on good authority that the Bank of France has, in a great degree, surmounted those difficulties which were a short time since the most discouraging part of our anticipations." Letters have lately been received from the Bishop of Orange river (Dr. Twells), announcing his safe arrival with his whole party at Cape Town, after an extremely good vovssre After the delay of a few days they intend to proceed by the Dane to Port Elizabeth on their way to their destination. Advices had reached them from Bloemfontein of a very satis- factory character for the prospects of the mission, and their arrival wa3 expected with mueh interest. The Rev. W. H. Charming, of Washington, delivered a lecture the other day, in the Manchester Corn Exchange, the purport of which may be gathered from its title A free united Republic." The lecturer predicted a speedy ter- mination of the American war, and the abolition of negro slavery. There was a large and enthusiastic audience. At Huddersfield, lust week, a man fell into a dye pan, which was full of boiling liquid. He died soon after being extricated. The Southampton papers record the death of Lieutenant Hast, R.N., for many years the commodore of the Royal West India Mail Company's fleet. The Boulogne passenger iron steam vessel, belonging to the General Steam Navigation Company, which was run down in the Thames last week by the Carron iron screw steamer, was named the Rhine, and not the Seine, as stated by mistake. She has been removed from the river bank, at East Greenwich, and towed to the factory of the Steam Navigation Company, at Deptford, to be completely repaired. A letter from Manilla says a small quantity of cigars were advertised by the Local Government for public sale Oil the 13th of July, but the sale was postponed sine die, in con- sequence of dispatches received in the meantime from the Spanish Government at Madrid, with orders to raise the price of cigars 20 per cent. Sarah Ann Lee, the young woman who was charged, on her own confession, with the murder of her ehild at Sheffield, in May, 1862, was again brought up at the police-court, Hull, and information having been obtained from Sheffield, .to the effect that there was no truth in her story, she was dis- charged from custody. The prisoner left the court with her sister. The extension of the system of blowing parcels of letters through pipes has commenced. In consequence of the uccess of the first experiment, Euston-square-station is to be oined to the General Post-office, and the Great Western will follow. The time between St. Martin's-le-Grand and the latter would be about three minutes. A dispatch from Memphis, published in the New York papers, says that a fearful riot has taken place in Mobile. A party of soldiers' wives, to the number of 600, paraded the city, with exciting mottoes on their banners, such as "Bread or Peace." The soldiers offered no opposition to the display but in some instances the citizens attempted to arrest "the progress of the procession. Intense excitement pre- vailed. The Warsaw Police Gazette publishes an ordinance. to the effect that in future every house from which a shot should be fired, or in which an attempt should be made on the life of a public officer, will be confiscated, and the inhabitants imprisoned and rendered responsible for the offence. Kochanski, a national gendarme, has been hung.
CHARGE OF EMBEZZLEMENT. Some three years since a clerk in the Old Bank at Hereford, which has since become defunct, absconded, and, it was said, had robbed the firm of something like £ 20,000. People wondered why no steps were taken to bring him to justice, and they were told that the offence had been so cleverly committed as to place the offender out of the reach of the law. However, since the failure of the bank and the death of the managing partner at Hereford, the apprehension of the absconded clerk has been much agitated. It was said by some that he was keeping a house of notoriety in the vicinity of the Haymarket; by another, that he was living quietly at Richmond, and by others, that he was dead. However, a few days since, the super- intendent of the Hereford City Police was dispatched to the metropolis, to see if he could bring the offen- der to justice, and on Wednesday morning Robert Wilton Fryer was brought up before the Hereford city magistrates charged with having embezzled the several sums of .£200, .£180, £ '200, and .£170, the property of Joseph Morgan and Francis Hamp Adams, Dax&ers. -The prisoner, wlio appeared a decrepit old man and was accommodated with a seat, was led into the prisoner's dock, and seemed to feel his position very much. Mr. Bull, of the firm of Jay and Bull, solicitors to the bank, appeared to prosecute, and Mr. J. G. James defended the prisoner. William George, Esq., a former mayor of Hereford, proved the prisoner paid and received money over the counter while employed as chief clerk in the said bank; aad Mr. Badham, a farmer of Vowchurch, proved that the several sums with which he had been debited in the cash-book of the bank in the year 1862 had not been received by him. The prosecution not being prepared to complete the case, the hearing was adjourned.
A. PERILOUS ADVENTURE AT THE LAND'S END. A local contemporary gives the following particulars of perilous adventures performed in rescuing a favourite dog from a watery grave, the facts of which are vouched:— i. j. On a fine day last week, a great number of persons visited the Land's End, and among the many present were four young gentlemen, who, daring and head- strong, descended the huge cliff and stood on the rocks below, delighting in feeling the spray from the angry waves which encircled them. Whilst there a favourite dog belonging to one of them was washed from the rock where they stood, and, taken by a high wave, was carried on the boulders under the steep and perpen- dicular rocks there without any hopes of its ever being recovered. Two of the company went in search of a basket to lower with a rope over the side of the preci- pice, in order to rescue the dog, and two remained, the eldest of whom, having undressed, prepared to swim and rescue his favourite; the younger one, seeing the danger attending the attempt, likewise undressed, thinking he might be of use in case of any accident to his friend. Over the rugged rocks, down the steep and craggy sides, these youths ventured, until the eldest stepped on a ridge of rock whilst the youngest held on to a rock above, which afforded only a small means of support. At this moment a tremendous wave from the Atlantic dashed foaming along, and covering them with its spray, passed under them harmless, but not without dislodging their feet from the rocks beneath. Seeing the utter impossibility of rescuing the poor dog, they then began their ascent—with what difficulty will be seen by the following. Some eighty or a hundred feet above them were immense perpendicular rocks, over which they had to climb in order to be safe below them was the chance of a watery grave as billow after billow rolled in with increasing strength, for the tide was flowing, and there was not the least chance of escape should they fall. Still, nothing daunted, though exhausted from their previous efforts, they made the attempt, and the youngest having gained a projecting shelf, rested a little, hold- ing fast by his hands, and then lowered his leg, and by that means pulled his friend on the shelf beside him. The next question was how to gain the top, for, if possible^ the next shelf was farther off and more difficult. Again the eldest gave his shoulder to his friend, but, after four or five futile efforts, they sat exhausted on the same place. Again and again they tried, and at last, after an almost incredible amount of effort, the next ledge was reached, and the youngest, having partially clothed, descended and helped his friend to the top—the legs of both being lacerated from the sharp rocks. They now looked on the danger they had escaped, and perceived the dog on the rocks below. The other two then came with the basket, but found that the dog could not be reached by that means. One only chance remained- to leave it there until the sea had set in, when it would have to swim, and then, by suddenly showing them- selves and encouraging it with their voices, it might be made to leave the sea. After partaking of some slight refreshment, they went down again on the rocks, and the dog on seeing them immediately made a, dash. They hallooed it on, and, after a smart swim, it was once more safe and in the hands of its master.
4 Mr. Mason, the Confederate Commissioner in London, on Monday announced to Lord Russell that his Government had ordered his withdrawal. It ap-. pears that henceforth .he will take up his quarters in Paris, and act as the colleague of Mr. Slidell. A solicitor has just been committed for trial by Mr. Henry, at Bow-street, on a charge of indecent assault on a young woman, who was at his office con- suiting, him on an action which she meant to bring, I either for breach of promise or for affiliation. «
SALE AT THE ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS, ANTWERP. It might interest some of our readers to know the marketable value of animals exhibited to their notice as inhabitants of distant lands. The annual sale of surplus stock in the Antwerp Zoological Gardens took place last week, and was attended by a large number of dealers, owners of menageries, and superintendents of zoological establishments in all parts of Europe. The following prices are roughly rendered into English money for easier comprehension :-Burchell's zebra (female}, £ 104; ditto young male (about two months), < £ 112; quagga (female), < £ 86; Bactrian camel (female), = £ 44; ditto (young one), < £ 40; pair young llamas, < £ 80; pair fine sambur deer,.£32 pair axis (young), < £ 21; pair hog deer (young), .£11 pair fallow deer (young), £ 7; pair Indian porcupines, .£11; one jaguar, < £ 25; one grisly bear (blind), 21 francs f kangaroo Bennettii (young), £ 4; ditto Melanops (young), < £ 20; Erymetus (young), .£13; pair Japan pheasants (Versicolor), = £ 30; ditto (young), .£12; pair Indian pheasants (Horsfield), .£10; pair jungle fowl (Sonnerati), .£11; pair American wild turkeys, .£7; pair cross-bred pea fowl (Specifur), < £ 6; young emu, .£8; pair dwarf zebras, .£8; pairs black swans, < £ 14 to £ 16; pairs Mandarin ducks, .£5; Carolina ducks, -22 to X2 10s.; Bahama,.£3 10s.; Egyptian geese, .£2; flamingoes, X7 10s. to.£8 10s.; young bustards, < £ 3; Danube geese, 30s. to 40s.; pair Japan pigs (young), 12s.; Australian pied crows each, X3 10s.; monkeys, 20s.; mandrils, £ 4 to < £ 6; pair Algerian grouse, 25s. to 35s.; Californian quail, 16s. to 25s.; gold pheasants, 30s.; grey rabbits, 15s. to 20s.; grass parakeets, 25s.; and various African and Aus- tralian finches, Java sparrows, &c., from 3s. to 30s. per pair.
A VICTIM OF MISPLACED CON- FIDENCE. A correspondent of a contemporary who writes under the above nomenclature gives the following curious facts connected with his household:— About a fortnight ago I took apartments at Brighton, whither I sent my w'fe and family, intending to come up to town to business daily and to return in the evening, leaving in charge of my town residence a cook and a housemaid. On Tuesday last I determined upon sleeping in town, and requested a friend to inform my servants of my intention, but this he neglected to do. On my arriving home at about midnight I found the house shut up and all the lights out. I knocked and rang, but failing to make my servants hear I adjourned to my friend's house, which was close at hand, and slept there. He and I about ha f- past nine o'clock on the following morning went to my house and again knocked and rang in vain, and again, after having had breakfast (about half-past ten), repeated the same process with the same result. We thereupon climbed over the area railings and got through into the front kitchen, but here there were no signs of life. We then went into the back kitchen, where we found a good fire burning, the kettle boiling, and preparations made for a sumptuous breakfast. We surveyed the kitchen, which bore indications of recent festivities, and in the course of our survey discovered two pairs of men's boots, which I knew belonged not to me, and we at once concluded that my servants had got "company," Bootless I sneaked upstairs, and tried to open my spare bed-room door, which I found locked from the inside. I knocked gently, when a voice, which I recognised as belonging to my cook, asked, Who's there ? I made no reply, but again knocked, and elicited only the same interrogatory. I then rushed above stairs into the servant's bed-room, and there found my housemaid comfortably tucked up in bed with a com- panion not of her own sex. I returned to the spare bed-room, and the cook still keeping the dcor locked, we broke it open, and found her in the same position as the housemaid. Of course I at once had a policeman in, and, after due admonition, had all the four miscreants turned out then and there. I ask every householder who is now or is about to be away from his house, does he think he can leave his establishment in the hands of his servants with security?
ROBBERY OF A MAIL BAG BY A LADY. Very soon after the offices of the Yorkshire Banking Company at Hull were opened on Friday for business, a youth in the employ of a mercantile firm in the town, presented a check for payment of X28 4s. The clerk who received the check asked the youth who had sent him, and the latter replied that a lady had asked him to get the check cashed for her, and she was waiting outside. Suspicion being excited, two of the clerks were directed by the manager of the bank to go and see the lady, and they accordingly went, and meeting a detective in the street, it was arranged that he should follow, so as to be in readiness in case his services were required. The lady was found in Trinity-house-lane, standing near to the bank of Messrs. Pease, Hoare, and Pease, and after a few. words had been exchanged, she was requested to go to the Yorkshire Bank. Her explanations being unsatisfac- tory, she was conducted to the police-station in Par- liament-street, and upon her dress being searched another cheque for < £ 35 was found. Up to this time no information of a robbery had been received, but very shortly afterwards a superintendent of police arrived from South Cave bringing intelligence that the mail bag had been stolen from the post-office at that place on the previous evening, and that the bag contained, amongst other letters, one in which were inclosed cheques amounting altogether to .£747 17s. 9d. The letter inclosing the cheques was addressed to the Yorkshire Banking Company, Beverley, and the cheques were as follows :—Cheque dated 22nd Sept., drawn by Robert Suddaby, on Yorkshire Banking Company, payable to himself, £ 150; Thomas Westmoreland, on ditto, .£12; Robert and John Fisher, on Bower, Hall, and Co., Beverley, payable to Mr. Pickering, or bearer, dated 24th Sept., £ 237; Rishworth Brothers, on Alcock and Co., Keighley, payable to John Purdon, or bearer, dated.22nd Sept., .£159. Wm. Clark, on York City and County Bank, Goole, payable to Burland and Son, or bearer, dated 19th Sept., .£135138. 9d., and the two following, which are now in the hands of the Hull police:—John Wells, .£35, and Thomas Jackson, on National Provincial Bank of England, North Shields, payable to the Rev. J. H. Popplewell, or order, dated 21st Sept., .£28 4s. The lady was then formally charged with the robbery, and she stated that her name was Maria Cook, and that she lived with her aunt at No. 7, Brunswiek-terrace, Spring-bank, Hull. In the after- noon she was taken before the Hull stipendiary magis- trate, at the police-court, and remanded until Tuesday next, to make further inquiries. The prisoner, it is known, has been staying in the neighbourhood of South Cave for some time, but how she got possession of the mails yet remains to be seen.
A HORRIBLE MURDER IN NORFOLK. A shocking murder has just been committed at Elsing, near East Dereham, Norfolk. The victim was an old woman, partially blind, lame, and deaf, while the perpetrator, her husband, is an able- bodied man. The woman's name was Charlotte Naylor, wife of James Naylor, a labourer. SheWis eighty-one, and her husband fifty-one years of age. Their cottage stands in a row, and the dwellings on each side are occupied by two brothers named Isbell. During Sunday evening and Monday morning, Naylor was heard making a great noise, ejaculating Oh, my Heavenly Father "My Blessed Father &c. During Monday afternoon he remained quiet, but when Charles Isbell and his wife retired to rest, they heard Mrs. Naylor asking her husband if he were going to bed, and then a light was seen in their bed-room. After the lapse of about an hour, however, Isbell and his wife were awoke by strange noises proceeding from Naylor's bed-room, and they heard Mrs. Naylor cry out "Oh, James, don't hurt me." Then followed a loud shriek, succeeded by a rumbling noise, as if something were being rolled downstairs. This was followed by a dead silence. Isbell and his wife in a short time heard the tread of heavy footsteps in the room underneath the chamber, and Naylor utter- ing wild ejaculations, which he repeated during the night. The suspicions of the neighbours being excited some of them forced an entrance into the house in the morning, when a horrid spectacle presented itself. At the foot of the stairs lay the poor old woman in her night dress, marks of iearfnl violence being apparent on her body. Her night dress was in disorder, the body itself was partially doubled up, and one leg was broken just above the ankle. v On a post-mortem examination being made by Mr. G. Taylor, surgeon, of Mattishall, more exten- sive injuries were discovered. Two ribs were found broken on one side, and six on the other, injuring the plethora, while seven contused wounds were apparent on the head and temple. With regard to the motive for the crime, it appears that the old woman had secreted a small sum of money ( £ 2 17s. 6d.), with which shfe intended to pay the rent, and that she had a dispute and struggle with her husband about it. When the prisoner was apprehended he ascribed the dreadful deed to hii a desire to obey his Heavenly Father," and it is no considered by some that he is suffering from re- bt ligious monomania. he The facts have been investigated during the it, week before a coroner's jury, and Naylor has been [}' eommitted for trial on a charge of wilful murder at ps the ensuing Norwich assizes.
THE OVERWORK OF MILLINERS. The committee of the Ladies' Sanitary Association A on Dressmaking have issued an address on the system of the overworking in ill-ventilated rooms, to which many of this class annually fall victims, while the con- P stitutions of others who survive are permanently b injured. They describe the system as follows •.—" The c girls in the large London houses are, with few excep- a tions, thoroughly respectable. Character is required by the managers, and is maintained in their establish- r ments. This is a great point, for many of them are t orphans, often well educated and well conducted, to whom character is dearer than life. In a good house of business they are able to secure protection. A girl is usually sent to the business at the age of thirteen t or fourteen, and bound for about three years., A a premium of from X20 to £50 is paid on entrance, and t she receives board and lodging during the time of I her apprenticeship. At the end of that time she becomes an improver' for one year or more, receives c her board and lodging, but is still dependent on her ( own resources for her other wants. By this time her little capital is generally exhausted, and she begins to j earn a salary varying, according to her abilitias, from X12 to 6C50 a year." Not one in a hundred, they add, ] passes through the ordeal with unimpaired health, I and, after touching more minutely on the evil effects, 1 they say: "All this occurs in a trade which is in 1 itself perfectly healthy. And whose fault is it ? 'We cannot help it,' say the employers, 'for ladies will have their dresses to the day; they give short notice and take long credit, and it is hard to pay our way and please them.' We cannot help it,' say the ladies, we are willing to give a good price for good work, but we cannot take charge of work and work-rooms.' We can help it least of all,' say the poor girls, for we must keep our situations or starve—or worse.' The committee, after consideration of the subject, offer various suggestions to mitigate, and, in the end, they hope to remove, the evil. To ladies they recom- mend the duty of ascertaining whether the employees of the house they give their custom to are treated with consideration, of refraining from unreasonable de- mands, and of paying their bills. To employers they urge that no overwork is really profitable. "By se- curing sufficient out-door assistance in the early part of the season, so as to avoid beginning the late hour system, the skilled inmates would be kept up to their highest energy and efficiency, and the result would, we believe, be found equally if not more profitable in the long run. A wholesome atmosphere would also powerfully conduce to the same end." To the work- women they say there can be no thorough change till the workwomen combine among themselves to demand what is right, and they urge parents and guardians to protect their young girls from over- work and over-crowding, suggesting that if such protection is impracticable in this trade they should seek other trades. There are many trades, especially those which minister to the wants and tastes of their own sex, for which women are more suitable and as competent as men, into which young girls' might enter, if able to secure the necessary education and training. The power to write well, and to keep accounts, would open to them many of the lighter and better paid situations in shops; and such easy feminine trades as ladies' hairdressing would naturally fall into their hands if they could gain the requisite skill. Indeed, even among needlewomen skill is much wanted, and will always secure better remuneration and position. There are plenty of workers-too many; but good workers are rare; until the competition for situations in which health is sacrificed is lessened, fewer will be able to rise into the rank of skilled workers, and demand a fair day's wages for a fair day's work." The committee conclude by saying that public sympathy, and it may be legislative enactment, would aid them, but they indicate one way in which they think public support might aid largely and in the most legitimate way, viz., "by encouraging and patronising the establishment of houses of business on the principle of partnership or co-operation." By combining the capital of their skill and industry, there is nothing to hinder dressmakers from becoming, to a great extent, their own employers, if ladies would be induced to pay ready money, or not take more than three months' credit. They might also aid in the task of opening fresh employments to women by asking for their services in preference to those of men in such things as attendance in shops, hairdressing, &c. It is only by efforts thus combined, and by attention to the laws which regulate work and wages, that the condition of dressmakers can be permanently improved. We hope that such an effort will be made before another season has added its victims to a system of cruel and un- necessary overwork.
THE SUNVAX HAYMAKING CASE. The clerk to the magistrates of Leigh and Atherton has addressed a long letter to the public prints in justification of the recent convictions for working on Sunday, from which we make the following extracts:— Long before the Bench interfered, the attention of the local police had been called to the numbers of working people in a state of drunkenness on a Sunday in the vicinity of Leigh and Atherton. In the early part of July a man was summoned before the magistrates for being drunk on the previous Sunday, when he stated as his defence that he got the drink for making hay on that day and on the next Sunday, July 12th, the police found a cart filled with drunken men returning from a day's hay- making in the neighbourhood, and on the following day (Mon- day) a clergyman made a formal complaint to the magistrates that he and his congregation had been disturbed while in church by the noise of the haymakers at work in an adjoining field during the hours of Divine service; and, in addition to this, the police stated to the magistrates in open court that Sunday haymaking was becoming very generalin the neighbourhood, and that much drunkenness and disorderly conduct was produced thereby. In consequence of such a state of things, Mr. Superintendent Orton's officers on the next Sunday, July 19, visited the fields of the defendants, Howarth, Battersby, and the Cleworths, having been informed that haymaking was going on. In the fields of each of these defendants the police found numbers of men, some at work, and others in a state of intoxi- cation; and- upon inquiring of some of the men themselves it appeared that they received no wages for the Sunday's work, but only their meat and drink, or, as they expressed it, a good blowout." In the defendant Howarth's field the greatest number of the men were employed in spreading the small grass coils. In Cleworth's field part of the hay was in windrow, and the re- maining portion was grass which appeared only to have been shaken out that day. Consequently that portion could not pos- sibly have been fit for carrying in less than two days; moreover, the weather was fine and settled, and there was no appearance of change foreboding damage to the crop. So much therefore for the truth Of the assertion, that the Cleworths had a meadow of hay ready for carrying, which, from the state of the weather, they were apprehensive of being lost, and were therefore com- pelled to resort to Sunday labour as a work of necessity to save the erop from ruin. It will be observed that the desecration of the Sunday, flagrant as it was, was not in this case the breach of an Act of Parliament only; besides being an infraction of the law, this Sunday hay- making was the producing cause of drunkennessland disorderly conduct among the working people, and it therefore became the duty of the magistrates to use every legitimate means to put an end to this open violation of law, attended as it was by such mischievous consequences. The statute under which the defendants were summoned is precise enough in its terms, and the Bench considered that the facts proved in evidence fully brought the defendants within its scope. No case of necessity was:made out on behalf of any of the haymakers, and therefore there were no grounds for extending to them the exceptions contained in the statute. Still, however, the Bench was unwilling to convict, the object of the magistrates being repression rather than punishment, and the Court offered to let the defendants off on payment of the costs only; but this clemency was misconstrued into an indication of timidity on.tbe part of the justices, and was indignantly dec!ined by the defend- ants C!eworth, who refused to pay either penalty or costs until compelled to do so. The Bench thus set at defiance had but one course to pursue in order to make the law respected; and, to put an end to the re- peatei and indecent profanation of the Sunday, with its attendant consequences of drunkenness and demoralisation, they, therefore, most properly convicted the offenders in the penalty of 5s. each, and the costs of the prosecution. The magistrates of the Atherton bench at present only desire to repel the imputation of partial and oppressive administration of justice.. They are not responsible for the policy, be it good or bad, of any piece of legislation on which it is their duty to act. It may, however, be well to tell the defenders of Sunday labour that the Act of Charles II. is not the only legislation on the sub- ject to be found in our statute-book; and, so'far from the statute in question having become forgotten or obsolete, its existence has been recognised in several Acts of Parliament relating to the same subject down to the reign of his late Majesty William IV. Indeed, the observation of the Sunday, not as a Pharisaical sabbath, but as a day of repose from the ordinary labours of the week, is a "time-honoured institution among all classes of Eng- lishmen and it deserves the support of all who are the real friends,of the working community—"it humanises by the help of conversation and society the manners of the lower claises; it Enables the iudustriousjworkman to pursue hi £ occupation in the ensuing week with health and cheerfulness." The Sunday is in: every sense the "ipoor man's holiday, to which every hard-handed peasant is the kingdom is entitled at is inheritance-,t birthright which the law m its humanity will ot allow him to sell. The Atherton magistrates, therefore, deserve not the reproach lut the gratitude of the labouring population in their neighbour- tood, for protecting them against thoie who. for their own nterest, seek to deprive the weekly labaurer of hii Sunday's irivilege, and who are sordid enough to get a day's work out 01 heir poor neighbours by the temp atiou of driuk, instead of the >ayment of honest wages. RICHARD MARSH, Clerk to the Magistrates at Leigh and A'.ccrton.
A FEARFUL MURDER IN WESTMEATH. A local contemporary publishes the following particulars of one of the most diabolical and cold- blooded murders which has ever disgraced a country, which was perpetrated at Carrick, within about five miles of the county town—The victim. wasaman'named Patrick Connor, a carpenter, who resided within a few perches of the spot on which the bloody deed was committed. At an inquest held on view of the body, before Patrick Connell, Esq., coroner, the following facts were deposed to:—It appeared that Connor had been to a house at some distance, measuring a corpse preparatory to making a coffin, and on his return was accom- panied by a neighbour named James Donogirne; when they had arrived within about fifty perches of deceased's house, seven men jumped out of a small clump of trees by the side of the road and rushed towards them both Donoghue and Connor were tripped and knocked down but the former was lifted to his feet by two of the assassins, who led him away some perches, presented a pistol to his breast and desired him to go home instantly, threatening him with immediate death if he dared to look back or give the slightest alarm. They then returned to their companions, who- were all the while engaged in beating and kick- ing unfortunate Connor in a most savage manner; nor did they desist until they felt certain of having completed their fiendish work. They then de- camped, leaving their bruised and bleeding victim in the agonies of death. A billeting party of the 11th Hussars, who were on their march from Philipstown to take up billets in Athlone, met the miscreants, who, after they had passed them, fired several pistol-shots. On riding a quarter of a mile further they discovered the body of .Connor lying across the road. The sergeant in command of the party dismounted, and found him weltering in a pool of blood, and quite insensible. He im- mediately dispatched one of his men to the Boeh- fort police-station, and another to the nearest house, for assistance. The latter returned in a short time, accompanied by a woman. But what pen can depict the heart-rending scene which en- sued when the unhappy woman recognised, in the mangled and bleeding mass,before her, the features of her husband! It can be easier imagined than described. The poor man was immediately con- veyed to his home, but he had scarcely entered the door, when with an ineffectual effort to articulate, he expired. When raising him off the road, a murderous weapon, in the shape of a loaded whip -sufficient to fell an ox-was discovered. The bodypresented a horrifying spectacle; the head and face were one mass of cuts and bruises, one side of the skull being literally smashed in-evidently by a blow from the weapon above alluded to—and the windpipe broken by a kick, while the body was also covered with bruises. Humanity shudders at the recital. Donoghue deposed that the assassins were all perfect strangers to him, and consequently he could not identify them, but he thought he would know one of them if he saw him again. The jury having heard the foregoing facts detailed in evidence, returned the following verdict.—" We find that said Patrick Connor came to his death at the townland of Carrick on the 22nd of September, 1863, from injuries received by being waylaid and beaten by a party of seven men, at present to us unknown; we therefore find the said persons guilty of the wilful murder of the said Patrick Connor." The deceased was an inoffensive, in- dustrious man, and leaves a*widow and three children: to mourn his deplorable and untimely end. The only cause which can be assigned for this brutal massacre is, that Connor some time ago got a person discharged from his place by informing his employer of his misdeeds. We hope and trust the perpetrators will soon be made amenable.
-FOUNDERING OF A STEAMER IN. THE BALTIC. Loss of Seven Lives. The Zealand, a fine screw steamer, of Hull, 700 tons register, was totally lost, with seven of her crew, in the Baltic Sea on the 11th Sept. During a storm one of the engines of the vessel broke down, and shottly afterwards the other; the latter in its fall started one of the iron plates in the hull, and the steamer com- menced filling rapidly. By direction of the captain, the boats were lowered, and the mate, chief engineer, carpenters, four of the crew, and the twelve pas- sengers, left the vessel, and were taken on board the Christian, a Norwegian barque. The captain and six men remained on board the Zealand, awaiting the yeturn of the boats. Neither the boats, however, nor the Norwegian vessel, were able to reach the doomed steamer from the violence of the gale. During the night, rockets and blue-lights were fired from the Zealand, but these suddenly ceased, and in the morn- ing not a vestige of the vessel was to be seen. The passengers and those of the crew who had been saved were landed at Lanwig, Jutland, and arrived in Hull on Thursday with the news of the catastrophe. The following telegram is supposed to refer to the wreck of the Zealand:—" Thisted, September 17. Yesterday a vessel was observed from Steenberg Strand, distant from the coast one English mile, sunk in ten fathoms water. She was examined, and found to be a ship witi. three masts, one of which was broken, and, according to the distance between the masts, supposed to be a steamer. Some yards were driving by the wreck, but nothing else to be seen of it. Weather very bad."
HIGHLAND HOSPITALITY FORTY YEARS AGO. Alas! for the hospitable Highland mansion which happened to be situated at a convenient restmg-placf for the tourist en route to some spot of interest There was then prevalent amongi southern tourists a sort of romantic idea of the unlimited extent of High- land hospitality, and of the means at its command. It was of no unusual occurrence for the traveller to land at any hour of the day or night which winds, tides, or boatmen might determine; to walk up to the house of the Highland gentleman; to get a dinner, supper, and all, plentiful and comfortable; to retire to bed without a thought where the family had packed themselves (so that the travelling party might have accommodation); and finally to obtain next day, or, if it rained, days after, carts, horses, boats, men with baskets of provisions, crammed with roast fowls, cold lamb (salt never forgot), cold salmon, grouse, milk, brandy, sherry, and bottles of whisky. The potato digging, the hay cutting, or the reaping crops might be put a stop to; what of that ? they are so hospitable in the Highlands! And then these summer visitants bade farewell with shaking of hands, and waving of handkerchiefs, and with the usual stereotyped hope expressed that, should they ever come to England and visit Land's End, how glad," &c. But the recep- tion was nevertheless all put down to a habit of the country, a thing called Highland hospitality, some- thing like speaking Gaelic, smoking tobacco, or wear- ing the kilt. And I am compelled to acknowledge that the families who thus received and entertained strangers never looked on their doing so in that "light of common day in which I cannot help placing these transactions. "What can the travellers doI remember well the lady of one of those hospitable houses saying when a large party of strangers had departed after a stay of several days, "There are no inns where they can put up but those wretched holes. And then the travellers are so nice It is truly de- lightful to meet with such well-bred, intelligeiit ladies and gentlemen-I would put myself to much more trouble to enjoy their society." And the young ladies of the family would chime in and declare that they had "never met sweeter girls than thosg Smiths, especially Caroline, and that they were so vexed when they went away—and as for the young men of the party—1" Here all the lftdiea were unanimous.— Wor4*t \yr '?•