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T O W 2ST TALK.I
T O W 2ST TALK. £ OUR LONDON CORRESPONDENT. year there were nearly half a dozen pretenders to fresh honours for the details and the result the sporting papers may be consulted. It is impossible to give an idea of the excitement just previous to and when the news was received that Lord St. many- years. This fine horse, really one of the handsomest,, ever seen—and in this respect an exception to many winners of crack races—was unexpectedly beaten by a head for the Derby by Macaroni, a horse not in the St. Leger; and then, still more to disappoint his friends,: he wsp-beaten thoroughlyiancl easily in the Paris Derby. Of course Lord St. Vincent, who has not a mine of wealth, being a descendant of the Admiral Jervis oLitaÜors'songs, lost heavily. Being, however, what a racing man ought not to be, an excitable, persistent man,, he continued to back. his favourite,, and his courage brought him home had he .teen unfortunate he would" have been called obstinate. Great, therefore, was the cheer iag amoagst the gentlemen, whilst the ring, who had treated Lord Clifden as a nead horse, looked proportionately blue. The manner in which all the daily papers, without exception, gave the fullest details connected with the race, both before, and after it was run, shows how com- pletely this kind of gambling has taken hold of; the British public. The best account was in a "■ specially Radical, philosophical, and anti-territorial paper. Of course it may be-said that races en- courage the improvement of horses; so they do, but the upiversal. interest in is founded on a gamMpgjspi^, and nothing else. I feel some- times a sympathy for Dean Close, at Carlisle, in the midst of a population almost as fond of horses 'and races'as Yorksbiremen, rowing hopelessly against the tide—trying to persuade merry Carlisle to give up its races. I remember him in all his power and glory at Cheltenham, where, with the assistance of the ladies, he did put down both the races and the steeplechases but northern, men ^fe'macfe of sterner stuff. Races are with them no mere assemblage of betters and their dupes but a fine old English custom, which they are determined never to give up. Lord Clyde's will has just been made public. He died worth more than seventy thousand pounds, not a great sum, when .we consider the large income he enjoyed during the latter part of his life, and his simple tastes. Shortly before he went to India he told a friend of mine that lie was worth" twelve hundred pounds. This must have Jbeen .from previous India and China; prize money and savings. He has left his sister well provided for, and the rest of his property to General Eyre's family. One of the celebrities of the hunting field has just passed away in bis 72nd year in the Marquis of Huntly. He came as near to the beau ideal of a n,obleman as anyone I ever saw following the hounds. Tall and slim, and handsome, and grey headed, well dressed, alad mounted often on a white horse, a few years ago he rode in the first flight with the Melton hounds, and no stJanger saw him without asking who he wasl' Heleayes an immense family, eleven, I think, chiefly girls, and his eldest son is only. seventeen. But the daughters of a marquis are easily provided for with even small fortunes, for they axe all ladies,, and, in. these days of pros- perous commerce, there is always a swarm of eligible bankers and men of Vkrious positions, will- ing tfe, offer their hands and a handsome settlement to bring a Lady Mary, a Lady Susan Brown, Thompson, or Briggs into their families. And it is a very good thing it is so, otherwise rich men would be content with being merely rich. Allied with the aristocracy, .they infuscnew blood into ;theiryeiBS, and tend to maintain the gentlemen of England in that position of superiority they have always held. Avery remarkable political character has just died suddenly, the Right Honourable Edward Ellice, one of the three mercantile families who have taken a first- place in the political world. There was Baring, who became Lord Ashburton Labouchere, who became Lord Taunton; and Edward Ellice, who refused, after a full taste of political power, both place and titles,' uniformly declining a seat in the Cabinet or in the House of Lords. He died in his seventy-seventh year, having, with one brief interval, sat as Member of Parliament for Coventry since 1818. He was a Libm-al in times when to be a Liberal was to be a persecuted and misrepresented man. After the passing of the Reform Bill, Earl Grey made him Secretary to the Treasury, an office he held till August, 1832. He was subsequently Secretary for War from April, 1833, till December, 1834. In Parliament, for many years, his age, experience, and tact, made him a sort of arbitrator—" Ellice thinks so," often settled a question. Nor was he merely a man of influence in his own party; he was highly esteemed by men of all parties. In private life he was a thorough English gentleman —upright, liberal, courteous; it will be long before his friends cease to lament his loss. Z. Z. —♦ —
Suspicious Disappearance.-Information has been given to the metropolitan police' of the mysterious disappearance of a gentleman who was last seen in strange company in the Haymarket. Hp is described is being about thirty years of age, five feet nine inches high, pale complexion, blue eyes, and dressed entirely in black. He had a diamond ring on his right hand, a signet ring with bloodstone on the left, gold watch, and gold curb chain. He was last seen in the Haymarket about twelve o'clock on tho- night of the 9th instant, and all efforts to trace him have hitherto failed. When last seen he was in company with, a tall female, habited in dark dress, black and white plaid shawl, white fall with black spots. The gentleman belongs to a highly respectable family, who are very much distressed by his mysterious disappearance.
OUTLINES OF THE WEEK. --
OUTLINES OF THE WEEK. accounts speak of the capture by the Federals of the whole of Morris Island and too guns. Again, Chattanooga by the Confederates. It is said that this place was tslken by stratagem,-or it would have ,detached aforoo, who came suddenly upon the enemy's rear in Cumberland Gap, and made two thousand prisoners. The: Copfecjeratt s are never-, theless determined to fight on, and are using all their energies to obtain reinforcements. Nothing positive appears to be known of the movements of the armies under Lge and Meade/and it is ob- vious that very little reliance can be placed on .L the current rumours concerning them. jSut, not withstanding the strict neutrality the English Government has exercised throughout the war, it every day becomes more probable that our pri- vate commercial transactions with the Confederate States will bring us into bad odour with the North. There has been a good deal of excitement in New York concerning the expected departure of the iron-clads from Liverpool, and some of the leading. American newspapers have impudence enough to advocate war against England if these vessels are not stopped. ACCOUNTS from Mexico report that affairs are anything but settled, there,' for although the Mexican General, Miramon, has declared his allegiance to General Forey, who has made him Commander of the Mexican Forces, Juarez is still supported by a numerous band, and the United States and Central American ministers have de- clared their intention to continue to recognise the Juarez Government till otherwise instructed; and it is furt-her stated that Juarez is supposed to be at Washington, incognito, seeking means to assist him in expelling the French. BUT, connected with, American affairs is a subject that is now causing considerable discussion in Europe, namely, what instruments are legiti- mate in war ? The maxim in America seems to be to "burn, sink, and destroy" whatever comes in the way of either belligerents. We learn that'at Charleston the. "Greek fire," so celebrated in ancient- history, has been resuscitated after a -lapse, of more than a thousand years, during which it has laid in abeyance by the tacit consent of all nations. It is true that General Beauregard has protested against its use, as cruel and un- soldierlike, but it appears that the Federal generals have agreed to adopt it. Our readers will-re- member that the Greek fire waS'used with terrible effect by the Christians, against the Turks in the seventh century,, and was supposed to be com- pounded of and resinous compounds, which caused it to burn eyen.under water. The recipe lias Toeen lorig -'since- lost, "bxvfc modern 'science has produced a material still more powerful and diabolical under the name of "liquid fire." Pro- posals were made by Captain Disney,. Mr..Went- worth Scott, and, others, to bring this into action during the Kussian war; and it is said that the late Earl of Dundonald's offer to destroy Cronstadt with a single ship, was connected with some chemical compound of this .nature.. Another pro- posal was made by a civilian to suffocate. the soldiers in their casemates at Sebastopol with some infernal composition, of his own invention. The English Government, however, humanely re- pudiated all these projects. It might be right, possibly, to use every artifice to destroy an enemy, and it might be considered justifiable to employ any destructive-means against an obstinate fort that" soldiers only defend, but we sincerely trust these fearful missiles may not again be used against a city like Charleston, where there are numbers of non-Combatants—women, children, and old' men; surely, civilisation will not permit the murder of the innocent. It would be thought a cruel act if two men were to fight, and one of the combatants. were to give a blow to a little child merely be-' cause he was the son of his opponent. War, how- ever, is a cruel; thing; men's passions roused to vengeance, know not where to stop. Would that we could see the sentence carried out— Let them that make the battles Be the only men to fight. THE; reply of'the Russian Government to the: last note of Earl Jiussell has been published. It is similar in characterto those addressed to Austria i and France, and gently insinuates that Russia is able to manage her own affairs. The Czar, Prince Gortschakoff: observes in this letter, is willing to I assume the: responsibility of his international! affairs because they are based upon public right,' and as public right has always been regarded as his. guiding principle in his relation with other' Powers, so the writer claims for. his" august. master" the same treatment which he has ac- corded to his allies. THE Schleswig-tlolstein question is again hroughtprominently before our notioe,. The matter itself is so trivial that it is a great pity the' whole of Europe should be annoyed by it. These two petty German States, that legally came into possession of the King of Denmark, have each their own constitution, and are regulated by laws of their own framing, yet the people consider that they have not the privileges of other States by not being permitted -to join the German Con- federatioij. The King of Denmark rules over them conjointly with his own dominions, as George IV. did over Hanover, and he sees no necessity for uniting with the other States of Germany. The dispute has been going on for some time, and last week the Federal Diet at Frankfort recom- mended the taking possession of the admini- stration of the Duchy of Holstein and the sending an army of six thousand Hanoverian and Saxon troops for that purpose, Austria and Prussia furnishing the reserve. Iu is, how- ever, necessary for. the full .Diet, as it is termed, to confirmor repudiate this: measure, mid all Europe are looking on anxiety to + he results z, of that meeting.ahee.liaa,e tBIT- pressed their sympathy fi >r Dent^aik, whi h i-, rise backed by the neighbouring jpowsr Sweden, -It is hoped, however, that war may yet be prevented, those desirous of peace are- anxious that the i dispute might be submitted to the universal arbi- orator, the King of the Belgians. THE New Zealand chiefs are going about England seeing the lions in every place, and becoming the lions wherever they .afay. Perhaps we may find them useful at some future time in influencing .their fellow-countrymen to live upon more sociable terms with us, and to drop the pursuit of a war ■•which .must of necessity eh<f in their .total dis- comfiture. THE English-Channel squadron, after a succes- sion of entertainments in Ireland, has arrived at Liverpool, and has enjoyed another round of .hospitalitiesj-which:'j"w*Sre "rendered to them with the Hearty gbod will of the inhabitants of that important seaportr MISS RYE has written a lengthy letter to the Times from New Zealand, again complaining of the want of attention, afforded to female emi- grants on landing, and asserting that it is yet desirable to get a better class of females" to emi- grate. She then records the prosperity of the males in the colony, and the amount of wages they receive, and, though she does not positively assert it, she appears to consider that the only draw- back to their happiness is the want of good wives. SCIENCE in England appears to be spreading far and wide; we can every week record some meet- ings where discussions take place that are an advantage to the age, and show the progressive state of the nation. Next-week the Social Science meeting takes place at Edinburgh, with the vener- able Lord Brougham as president, when subjects of special interest will be introduced. We might also mention that during the past week the National Welsh Eisteddfod closed, and we have been amused by the assertions, of some of our. con- temporaries that these meetings are held merely to protest against English tyranny, English cruelty, &c. The" Gorsedd," or council of bards, we must tell the uninitiated; is a meeting held annually at one or other town in the Principality, to foster amongst the educated class a, knowledge of what is not improperly considered the classical literature of the country. That there are many ancient and beautiful compositions in. the "uncouth gibberish which some of our friends repudiate, may be made apparent at a glance to any one who will take the trouble-we may even say who will give himself the pleasure—of referring to the collection of Welsh songs published some years ago by Lady -Charlotte Guest. The history of ancient Britain was well preserved by the bards, and it is to them alone that the nation is indebted for the knowledge" of many past events. It is quite a mis- take to suppose, as our contemporaries say, that the Eisteddfods are intended to preserve among the people not only a knowledge but also the habitual use of their own language. The Welsh people are too wise to think anything of the kind. They know that as English education spreads through the Principality their original language will cease to be spoken, .but they are desirous of learning as much as possible of the early history of the country they love so well, and ímlGh infor- mation is gained by these annual meetings. As to speaking the language, the custom will yet be maintained, thuougliout the greater part of the country for many generations by a far more' efficient and powerful means than an an- nual Eisteddfod, which is only attended by the wealthy. In every town and' village throughout the Principality, Nonconformists, and even clergymen of the Established Church, are constantly preaching and praying in the Welsh language, and the day is far distant when they will take to English as the readiest language in which to exhort their flocks. They will use that tongue in which their congregations habitually converse with one another, even if Bishop Thirl- wall's wish be obtained—thai a Welsh interpeter may not be required in a court of justice in another generation. But the language of the people, at least, in the present day, in no way affects their patriotism; and what the Bishop of St. David's said of the Britons is equally true of'the Welsh —that they yield to no other part of the country in their loyalty and devotion to the Queen of the great empire to which they belong.
VIOLENT OUTRAGE ON A YOUNG…
VIOLENT OUTRAGE ON A YOUNG LADY. At the Newport Police-court,, on Saturday, John Williams, a young farm labourer, was, charged with assaulting and attempting to violate Amy Daniel, niece of a, farmer residing at Nash, on the previous Monday evening. The young lady being sworn, said On Monday evening, at half-past five, I went from my uncle's house to visit a friend, I was quite aione. When going past the Newall Farm, the prisoner past me just as I entered the first of two fields I had to go through. When I reached near the end of the second field, a little before six o'clock, I heard foot- steps behind me, and turning my head I saw him. I walked a little slower to let him go before me over the plank of a small bridge. He said,- "Good evening, miss, are you going far?" I said, Only so far as Salt Marsh." Shall I come with you?" he asked. Oh, no, I can go by myself," I re- plied. "Then," he said, "I must have a kiss." "No you ..won't," I told him; but he immediately caught me round thi waist and threw me on the ground. I screamed as loud as I could. He knelt on me, and dragged up my clothes; and I struggled with him, and pulled.his hair, and tore-his shirt; but he scratched my face and my hands. He was muttering some- thing all the while to himself, but I could Bot tell what he said. We struggled on the ground for five minutes but he hurt me further than I said. As I thought he might be trying to rob me, I begged him to let me get up and I would give him all the money I had in my pocket. He said, "How much have you got ? I said, I do not know, but if you will let me get up I will Kive you- all I have." Then he let me get up, and I gave him all I had, which was 6Jd., and I ran into the "rhine" (the ditch), and waded through the water and got.under some briars to escape from him. He went away, and I came out again to get my hat and umbrella, and the apples, which I had lost in the struggle. He ran back atter me again, when I jumped into the rhiao again, and was up to my waist irr,the.water. (The poor girl here wept, but she could not. be induced to repeat the dis- gusting threats which the prisoner had used to her, if she did not come out of the water.) When the prisoner-did at last go off, I got out and ran as well as I could to a little cottage, where they took off my wet clothes, and then conveyed met, my uncle's, house. A police-constable said he went in pursuit of the prisoner, and apprehended him at Chepstow. When taking him from the cell to the railway station, he said, What will be dine to me? I suppose they will send me to gaol." Witness replied that he didn't know. In the train, prisoner said, "I wonder what they will do with me-l .suppose they won't transport a felloiw ? Witness again replied, "I don't know," The prisoner being asked if he had anything to say, replied, I am not guilty," He was fully committed to take his trial at the next Quarter Sessions.
The miraculous picture of the Madonna at. Vicovaro still continues to attract attention. The Osservalore Romano assures its readers that "the eyes of the sacred picture are sometimes raised up.to' heaven, and sometimes cast down lovingly on the crowd of worshippers kneeling bef<Jr £ it- The ex.' pression of the features also undergoes constant- changes, which the Osservatore asserts are universally! believed to have some reference to the political events of the day. Fea-rftii loss of life in England tafeos place simply. through the people being ignorant of tt>e fact tlvBt there is a medicine in existence that will cure Therefore it is our bounden duty to inform them that PAKE Woovcoc:¡;aWum Pints are the best lOW safest medicine for wind ilt the atemach ndigestion, debility,-nervouscsss,biliousness," &0, Of ali raedic.ine ,y.endors, at Is. lêd" or for .f-i?,reJ,ý8 iron? Si iWose-dwc^, Cfcesaiatj cL.!n!W.1J:
THE CHANNEL FLEET AT LIVERPOOL.!
THE CHANNEL FLEET AT LIVERPOOL. (0m Monday the #hftn-nel Fleet left lirifast Leigh at seven o'clock^and'iarrivQd at Liverpool a;bout onp. The roofs of 'tile ehtircljes and hodses, the landing stages, the piers, the rigging of; the ships, and dock-sheds, were all.studded yvith anxious Spectators; buijtjiig and istreamiers deco- rated. every house, andpftie Cheshire side of the river was" thickly pec^ledr*The sqw^dion caitre" up in two divisions, the Edgar and the Emerald leading the way.' The latter ship, which is con- sidered the crack rrigate of theEnys "ex- cited considers! le attention by'the lap di vv bh which 3he furlc <1 her miie..The flag r>ii 1 oi 5d -in-the centre, tiie oih i vessels forming a line on each side. The Mayor for the borough, General Sir John Jones, K.C.B., Admiral Evans, Colonel Chambers,* the dock and other officials, visited the fleet on its arrival. On Tuesday seventeen steamers were engaged, at a charge of one shilling- each person, to ply to the fleet, and a portion of the landing stage was devoted for the accommoda- tion of parties. The weather was beautiful, and, in spite of the distress prevailing in the immediate manufacturing districts, crowded special trains brought in thousands of visitors from all parts of Lancashire. The Palatine and Athenaeum both opened their club-houses for the accommoda- tion of the officers of .the fleet. On Tuesday Mr. John Laird, M.P., entertained the admiral, officers, and other officials. On Wednesday the officers of the Resistance gave a grand ball on board that ship; and on Thursday the officers of the Liver- pool invited a large party to a ddjeuher. The Mayor and Mrs. Gardner also invited every officer, from the admiral to, the youngest midshipman, to -P 11 a grand, fancy ball in the Town-hall on Friday, and upwards of 1,500 invitations were issued to the principal families in Liverpool and the adja- cent counties, and no one was admitted except in court uniform or fancy dress. The ball was con- ducted on a scale never before equalled in Liverpool.
AMERICA NEW YORK, SEPT. 5. The siege of Charleston continues. The position of affairs has not materially changed. It is reported from- Washington that the American consul at Frankfort; hoisted the Mexican flag on his own responsibility. Admiral Dahlgren is reported well. General Grant has left Vicksburg for New Orleans. General Bur'nside has occupied Kingstowfa, Ten- nessee, without serious opposition., All Eastern Ten- nessee, except the" Cliattanooga region, is said to be. evacuated by the Confederates. General Rosecrans' head-quarters are still at Ste- venson, Alabama. Only a portion of his army has crossed the Tennessee River, and his forces are endea- vouring to destroy the Georgia Railroad, forming Bragg's: line ef communication.. Capture of Morris Island-Evacuation. of Chattanooga. NEW YORK, SEPT. 7. Advices from New Orleans of the 29th ult. state that the Confederates in Attakapas County crossed the Grand Lake 8,000 strong. It is supposed'they intended to attack Brasher City for supplies. General Schofield has telegraphed to the Governor of Missouri that there will be an. invasion of Missouri by the Kansas people. NEW YORK, SEPT. 9. According to Southern dispatches from Charleston to the 6th instant the bombardment of Forts Wagner and Gregg by fleet and land batteries had been inces- sant for the last 52 hours. They also state that on the 5th instant the enemy landed near Cumming's Point, assaulted Fort Wagner, and was repulsed, Correspondents assert Admiral Dahlgren, to be of opinion that Sumter is not, sifeneed, ..his • ehief pilot seating that the north-west: of the. work was astound asever, sixguns beiugm.ounted'dn :the parapet. General Gilmore does not share this opinion. The general has mounted thirty guns which will shortly throw Greek fire into Charleston. General JJurnside has occupied Knoxville. Southern dispatches from Chattanooga to the 5th inst. say that both armies were in close proximity, and. that a slight cause might bring on an engagement: at any moment. Southern journals say that the Federals were re- pulsed at Dramond. Gap, Tennessee. They shelled London, killing two women. A bridge was burnt to prevent their crossing. The same journals state that General Prince had de- feated the Federals, below. Little Rock, Arkansas. Imboden, with 1,200 men, had attacked the Federals 300 strong at Moorneld, Virginia. The Federals fell back to Cumberland. ,NEW YORK,- SEPT. ,11. Morris Island has been entirely evacuated by the Confederates. The Federals captured nineteen guns and 100 prisoners. The latest accounts from Charleston state that the bombardment of Fort'Moultrie by the Federal vessels was actively progressing, and it was reported that the magazine of the fort had been blown up. The Federals have captured Fort Smith, Arkansas. They have also occupied Chattanooga, the Confede- rates having evacuated that place. Two thousand Confederates have been captured at Cumberland Gap. General Gilmore officially reportspunder date of the 7th inst., that his guns completely cover the city and harbour of Charleston. The Confederate flag is still waving over Fort S,11-wter,. Eight Monitors are bom- barding Forts Moultrie and -Beauregard and the Bee battery.' NEW YOEK, SEPT. 11. General Burnside's right wing is within easy reach of the left wing of General Rosecrans' army. It was expected that Roseorans' head-quarters would be at Chattanooga on the 10th inst. The Richmond, Despatch, referring to the capture of Fort Wagner, says persons from Charleston state, that the Federal trouble will not commence until they get into Charleston harbour. They express an opinion that if the ironclads enter the harbour they riever can get out. The Confederates have retired from Little Rock to Fort Washington,.where,they.are fortifying. Southern, papers strenuously advocate the concen- tration of the-Southern-armies and the employment of negro troops., Mr. Charles Sumner addressed an immense audience at the Coopers' Institute, on the subject of foreign relations. He denounced England's recognition gla-,qcl, of the Confederate States as belligerents, and her proclamation of neutrality as a betrayal of 'civili- sation. He declared that Earl Russell's treatment of- the Federal Government, since the commence- ment of the war, had been. unfriendly,, and I correspondence' hard, curt, captious,. and cynical. He said that the foreign Governments had hot acted fairly since the war. The British Government" could not avoid the consequence of its complicity with the pirate ships in their: lawless depredations, and that liability was accumulating.. Moral considerations would not permit foreign Governments to recognise the South. He denounced the French-offer of inters- vention, allddeelared that the Emperor of would be. as poyrerless as King Canute against the rising tide of the American people. His chair must be withdrawn-or overwh.ehhed. ■ The remarks of Mr. Sumner, denouncing.France and England, were received Avitli loud &m £ anseu NEW YORK, SEPT. 12. General Burnside has resigned. The whole army of the Gulf is moving from New Orleans. Its destination is unknown, but is supposed to be some point in TeaSas. ,33ie, .Richmond. Whig opposes the idea of arming tie negroes, advocated by some Southern journals. Advices from Charleston to the 9th inst. state that the fleet was stilL shelling. Fort Moultrie. General Gilmore was to- shell the Hp had mounted guns* on"'Morris Island, .one .mile,nearer Charleston^ One of-the mftgaziuds in1 Port Meultrie had exploded; halt the town of .Moultrieville was buraaft. ::i f) „ .m In" consequence cf, of Confederate troops having"laH^e^ 11<- rt -Susntey, several' hundred Federals in-boats proceeded at "dark'ail ft landed on the ruins of ^umteivL'ut were jnei; by the' Confederates on the paM.p.et-s3--ai!.fi;5.¥rpialsed with the loss of sixty'kiHed, drowned, or missing. Seven Federal naval lieutenants ,W.SJ."e captured. Advices from Havaitkah state t t c British brig, Atlantic had arrived tltere. She is saId to have been fcaptured by a Federal druiser in neutral waters, whilei loading at Matamoras, and ordered to Now Orleans; but the prize crew wereioverpow^ed dpting the voyage by the captain, who took the vesfiel to Havannah. 1 d
.'- - POLAND. _t - —-
POLAND. _t —- Order of the Day by the Town Captain. WARSAW, SEPT. 15. The following order of the day has been published by the Town Captain :— Simultaneously with the departure of the Czarewics Constantine, the Muscovites intend to commence a. new epoch of persecution, murder, imprisonment,, transportation, and robbery. While they promulgate through the European press the empty promise of a prospective ConstitutipT for all countries remaining faithful to their ruleëthey mean to introduce within the boundaries of Congress Poland a second specimen of Mouravieff Government as the foundation and guarantee of these liberal reforms. Inhabitants of Warsaw, you are no strangers to this Muscovite strategy. These prohjBses of repression, the announcements that barbams&will becolne more savage, resemble the cunning of a tiger who sees his strength is not sufficient, that it will soon fail him, that he is in reality unable to cope with his antagonists, and therefore seeks to terrify his desired victims into non-resistance by the gnashingtif. his frightful, fangs. The fox-like proclamation that as soon as the-Czar, has annihilated every element throughout his empire that comprehends freedom, fights for liberty, casts. from it the bonds of darkness or of despotism, he will at once change into a liberal ruler and .administer human rights to the remaining emasculated and blinded populace, is a miserable delusion, with which. Moscow may win European tolerance for.its acts of violence, may even induce it to enter into alliance with the tyrant, but will never purchase the subjugation of Poland nor the obedience of Warsaw. For two years and a half the Muscovites have endea- voured to stifle the spirit of freedom and independence which has placed arms in the people's hands. They have essayed extensive and liberal promises, tested and sealed by oppression growing more brutal daily. For two years and a half all their efforts. have been un- availing. Inhabitants of Warsaw! After the. fiery trial yon: have so long ^sustained in common with the nation, you will not be terrified by renewed threats, nor even by renewed persecutions. You will hold out manfully, listening to the counsels by which you have hitherto been guided. None of you will give the slightest assistance to the work of the Muscovites"; each in his sphere will endeavour, upon the contrary, to frustrate their attempts. None among- you will contribute the least part of his .property .to the. payment of the op- pressors or to filling their empty coffers, and if military force shall drag from any one the fruit of his toil, it will not be as a servile gift, but as the prey of savage robbers- None among you, even at the risk of the greatest- danger, will cease to labour at the liberation of the .people, or: leave ,his task unaccomplished; each will be ready to bring his life as sacrifice, as soon as there is need. r The National Government and all tribunals'under its direction will continue their activity without inter- mission, will watch over the regular advance of tHe revolutionary cause, labouring that every step of the oppressor, every Muscovite proclamation., every con- templated barbarity, may be rendered advantageous to the national cause, and turned to the discomfiture of Moscow. The Government reckons upon the unshaken unity, the unlimited .obedience, the entire confidence of the inhabitants "of Warsaw and of the country. Standing upon such foundations, it will be able sns-; cessfully to withstand .the convulsive attacks of tM decaying Imperial power of Ettssia.
ANOTHER ROYAL CLAIMANT."
ANOTHER ROYAL CLAIMANT. "Wje (Cmrt CJimipcls) -desire to direct-especial afc tention to a letter lii another cohinin bearing the, headii fiJTrch*cd to ua by WrPoningham, Esg., the esteemed; member for Ilrightön; relative to the claims of the unfortunate Mrs. Ryves. Justice has been too long deferred towards this claimant for Royal honour^ and emoluments. and, :as:we! have carefully anci minutely investigated all the circumstances of tius remarkable case, we ca,iMiot but esrpraaa our surprise that this lady should: have: been allowed to spend her: declining years m poverty and neglect. Mrs. Olive. Serres. WTLS the. daughter of His Royal Highness the- Duke of Cumberlangh-the: brother of George III., aJJÃ Mrs. Ryves is the daughter of: Olive. Serres ;.conseS quentlythe jight; to: the possession of the title ani honours she seeks to recover ought never to have been withheld. We are aware of the difficulty that has beeg; ibrought to bear npon this case, but We believe that thes next step to be taken will be to secure adeclara-tion of the legitimacy of Mrs, Olive Serres, :which step will be. taken as soon as the funds can be provided for the necessary legal expenses. Sir Fitzroy Kelly and Dr. Phillimore have, we believe,undertaken to" conduct the appeal. To give an insight into the nature of Mrs. Ryves's claims, we will mention a singular circum- stance, which obtained extensive publicity some time since. It is recorded that her Royal Highness the late Duchess of Kent was brought with great difficulty- from the Continent to this country, just prior to the" birth of Victoria, our most gracious and belovedi Queen. The Duke of Kent..was.in great pecuniary. difficulties at the time; and it is nearly certain-that' the Sovereign of these realms would not have' been British born had it not been for Olive Serres, who' at the last .moment, and at great: personal sacrifice, advanced ..< £ 400 to his Royal Highness the Duke Kent to enable him to defray the expenses incurred by the duchess in the journey to England. Olive Serres is dead; the Duchess of Kent is also dead. The daughter of the former is now. an impoverished claimant for Royal honours; the daughter of the other occupies the grandest and mightiest throne in all the world It has recently been made known that this unfortunate lady .(far advanced in years) has been for k long tithe, and is now, in actual want of the common necessaries, of life. Should she die in this state there is but little.. doubt that then a, great outcry would be made, but, then it would be, too late. — —'J.
The old romance of a rich uncle in India leaving a fabulous fomune has just become a pleasing-reality- to a Mr. George Legg, carpenter, Madeley. The uncle, Mr. Johnson, an East India merchant, has bequeathed £ 18,000 to this fortunate nephew, besides three sums, of £ 10,0,00 and one of £ 5.00U to other relatives,, and £ 500 a year to his widow. ,• "Potato Disease In Ireland.—I am sorry.j says. a correspondent of the Morning Ifews, to. state that the disease has made its appearance in a very serious manner in the county of Dublin during the last few days. No description of potato has escaped it, and it is thought that, from one-third to one-half of, the Crop Will be? rendered uiint' for human food. An abundant supply may be, therefore expected at the diffdrenlf* markets, and at reduced, figures. The refuse will be used for cattle feeding,-and- thus repay the farmer in some-way. It is gratifying to know the produce is so great that even should half the crop be attacked, there will still be plenty for the wants of the people. p p 0. Walking against Time.—An occurrence took jplace last week which has ex cited, considerable interest among military and sporting circles. Lieutenant [Thomas, of the 2nd battalion' of the ;32nd Foot, sta- tioned at Fuhvood garrison, who has. oii "previous occasions executed some fefft's of endurance in pedes- trianism, lately alleged, in presence, of sOmo..o£, hlit brother ofneers''during mess, that lie could: walk-fully. equipped as' a 'soldier, and armed-withrrifle and bayonet, sixty miles within twenty hours. Bets were freely.offered, which Lieutenant Thomas- as freely ac- cepted, and .8300 to £100 was staked In various, sums; against him. fhe' sixty miles to be gone. over were-! fixed to be on tHe turnpike road between; Preston kticU Lancaster. He commenced his task at a quarter-past. three o'clock on Friday morning,-the- startiiig-po~in £ < being the first milestone from Preston, .opposite promenadeknowTI, as the Ladies'-wallc. gQ was fally accoutred in the full marching condition of a, private soldier, with rifle, knapsack, kit, bayonet, and tweiity rounds of ammunition, the whole weighing about fifty-six-pounds. For the last few rnjles-he" exhibited manifest signs of exhaustion, but gs/jnely kept on, and won with twenty-five minutes to spare. A Inse^icid^¥iaal^&Ltroni-sed by; French Govern- ment. The most pfficacioas JLNSKCT KILLING ,Powdsr, warranted fey 22 offisi«i reportsirtVto cORfiin 1t11'at'CIm of f'bison or aiiyingre- dient, is to: m an,1 yert&brate dnuiiais, plants^ fruits, woollens, and fursj thav-gg fiiuij to iijaocta fc-old by resppotai>e chemists oilmen, .lforists, &c., 111, bottles ar.d apparatuses at 6d, Is., and Is M each. "Wholesalfl, 1.Carter-l^nei. London, B.C. Duty off t'eabenefit obtained by parchasing Horni- man's Tea in PacfceA: -very chowe. 3s..4d High Standard, is.4d, (1Qrmerly 4s. 8d,) is the best tatsportscL 3,280 Agenm orte