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Weather Hints for Farmers.


Weather Hints for Farmers. We extract the following from Admiral Fitzroy's work on Practical Meteorology ":— Whether clear or cloudy, a rosy sky at sunset presag'es fine weather; a sickly-looking greenish hue, wind and rain; a dark (or Indian) red, rain a red sky in the morning, bad weather or much wind (perhaps rain); a grey sky in the morning, fine weather; a high dawn, wind; a low dawn, fair weather. Soft-looking or delicate clouds foretell fine weather, with moderate or light breezes; hard-edged, oily- looking clouds, wind. A dark gloomy blue sky is windy, but a bright blue sky indicates fine weather.. Generally, the softer clouds look, the less wind (but perhaps more rain) may be expected; and the harder, I p more greasy," rolled, tufted, or ragged, the stronger the coming wind will prove. Also, a bright yellow sky at sunset presages wind; a pale yellow, wet; therefore, by the prevalence and kind of red, yellow, or other tints, the coming weather may be foretold very nearly—indeed, if aided by instruments, almost exactly. I Small inky-lookmg clouds foretell rain; light scud clouds driving across heavy masses show wind and rain; but if alone, may indicate wind only. High upper clouds crossing the sun, moon, or stars, in a different direction from that of the lower clouds, or the wind then left below, foretell a change of wind toward their direction. After fine clear weather, the first signs in the sky of a' a coming change are usually light streaks, curls, wisps, or mottled patches of white distant clouds, which increase, and are followed by a murky vapour that grows into cloudiness. This appearance, more or less oily or watery, as wind or rain will prevail, is an infal- lible sign. Unusually the higher and more distinct such clouds seem to be the more gradual, but general, the coming change of weather will prove. Light delicate quiet tints or colours, with soft unde- fined forms of clouds, indicate and accompany fine weather but unusual or gaudy hues, with hard, defi- nitely outlined clouds, foretell rain, and probably strong wind. Misty clouds forming or hanging on heights, show wind and rain coming, if they remain, increase, or descend. If they rise or disperse, the weather will improve or become fine. When sea-birds fly out early, and fly to eastward, moderate wind and fair weather may be expected. 'When they hang about the land, or over it, sometimes flying inland, expect a strong wind with stormy weather.. As many creatures besides birds are'affected by the approach of; rain or wind, such indications should not be slighted by an observer who wishes to foresee the weather or compare its variations. There are other signs of a coming change in the weather known less generally than may be desirable, and therefore worth notice; such as when birds of long flight-rooks, swallows, or others-hang about home, or fly up and down or low, rain or wind may be expected. Also when animals seek sheltered places, instead of spreading over their usual ranges; when pigs carry straw to their styes; when smoke from chimneys does not ascend readily (or straight upwards during calm), an unfavourable change is probable. Dew is an indication of fine weather, so is fog. Neither of these two formations occur under an over- cast sky, or when there is much wind. One sees fog occasionally rolled away, as it were, by wind, but seldom or never formed while it is blowing. Remarkable clearness of atmosphere near the horizon—distant objects, such as hills, unusually visi- ble, or raised (by refraction)—and what is called a good "hearing day," may be mentioned among signs of wet, if not wind, to be expected. More than usual twinkling in the stars, indistinct- ness or apparent multiplication of the moon's horns, halos, wind dogs," and the rainbow, are more or less significant of increasing wind, if not approaching rain with or without wind. Near land in sheltered harbours, in valleys or over low ground, there is usually a marked diminution of wind during part of the night, and a dispersion of clouds. At such times an eye on an overlooking height may see an extended body of vapour below (rendered visible by the cooling of night) which seems to check the wind.

Hardy Fruit and Kitchen Garden.