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T O "W" 1ST TALK.

IOUTLINES OF THE WEEK. '----+-

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OUTLINES OF THE WEEK. '+-- THE news lately arrived from America does not, by any means, confirm the reports received the previous week of the total subjugation of the forts which protected Charleston. General Beaure- gard, we are told, is determined to hold Fort Sumter as long as possible by means of temporary fortifications; The Federals, it is said, are working hard in the trenches before Fort Wagner, and are reported to have been repulsed in an assault they made against it. Both belli- gerents appear to be making preparations for another great battle. There is, perhaps, however, hope in the distance of some compromise being arrived at. President Lincoln is doubtless aware that, though his armies may conquer, the South, yet, under the present aspect of affairs, it would be an impossibility to retain the Union in the same undivided state as heretofore. He has addressed a letter to the New York Eepublican State Con- vention, in which he points out that the only hope of a peaceable settlement must be based on offers made either by the Confederate armies, or those directing their movements. He states that he has never heard of any such offers having been made, but, says, if one should cmne, "it should not be rejected or kept secret," One would think that now is a fitting time for mediation, and that members of peace societies, or advocates of legiti- mate arbitration might try their powers, and endeavour to. put an end to the cruel war that has. caused widows' hearts to bleed, and left thousands of fatherless children to struggle tiirough life without a parent's protecting hand. OTHER foreign intelligence is extremely meagre. The French Emperor is at his country; villa at Biarritz,, apparently dozing away Ms,, time, but people who know him best believe th&t'"he' i £ quietly watching the course of. events, ready at any moment to, take advantage'of the nation that shall be caught napping. The Emperor, of 'Russia has set off on his journey to the Crimea, where lie is. to visit all the places nude famous to European readers by. the war of 1855. In Poland/the Russians have beaten and been beaten, and the. Anstriaix authorities in Gallicia. seem to liave a good deal to do between combatants of both camps I WHO cross the frontier. There is something won- derful in what is called the National Government of Poland. • They are neither seen nor heard, yet every- now and then proclamations are .issued and enforced, and: the; people acknowledge. &nd obey. There ha.ve, however, been complaints raised by the..patriotic. Poles that their Government had become too late, and a general im- pression prevails that they will act independently of such ihembers.'and'it is even assumed that. the people will be called to arms all over Poland on one given day, and that the issue of ,that event will be either to obtain their independence or die on the battle field. But there is a feeling through- out Europe that patriotism might be carried too far, arid that if a free constitution were given to the Poles by Eussia they should accept it -rather .than continue in insurrection against such a powerful .potentate. Accounts from New Zealand report; that the aborigines of the northern districts are in arms against the English, and the Governor of Auckland has set forth conditions for a. semi- military settlement on the borders'of the insur- rection, tiros providing a volunteer army which Would serve as-a protection to themselves and the colony generally.' Grants of land aiid other privi- leges are to be given to any settlers' under forty- 17, z;1 five years of age willing to take up arms and become disciplined soldiers. p -I THE Palace of Westminster is quite deserted, and, indeed, politics seem entirely to be sunk during the vacation. Here and there we hear of the great guns coming out with some eloquent oration, but they invariably avoid anything that may be termed political. EARL RUSSELL has been made a burgess of Dundee; he assisted at the [unveiling of the statue of Sir David Baxter, and at -the inauguration of the People's Park.. His lordship gpoke out strongly for public playgrounds, and wisely said, they are as useful as schools, believing in the maxim that all work and no, play makes Jack a dull boy." His lordship joked more upon this occasion than we have,, ever known him, and created general laughter throughout his speech; and when he extolled the Scotch lassies, and recommended young men to come fronr the South and choose among them, assuring them he had done so to his great <:> profit, there was .the loudest laughter and the greatest applause. Earl Russell- must cer- tainly hive-taken a Ifef dVLt'of the noble Premier's book, for we never' teard of liis factiousness before. THE Duke of Newcastle has been reviewing the Nottinghamshire Volunteers, and at the close of the manoeuvres his grace made a speech, in which he begged all who heard, him tö do.jtiieir _b.est to support the volunteers. Th^ movement, he said, had been of infealcttl £ tblS!b*etiefit%o'.t1ii^ country. AT the -LiveipobbSchool-of Scieai^e/liord Stanley made a characteristic'speech, intone part of which he stated, that he thought nature, as distinguished from man,"was"'too'little s^adfed. jngehgols, and h.e ascribed to tjiig np^ct ^he^grfta^ ,an}Oun|i of wasted efforts, often ^p^^ /j^on^i^possiijie. problems, and,still..oft'^r^er'on..proems, wliie^ unknov-i? to th.-> arsthor^ hid ly solved. "In one ~c;e/'he said- •* tf e dieeovaier 1 oking for that which cannot be foumd; in another, he is like a man toiling through a dense, untrodden £ tfest, cutting his way at evea-y step, and unaware, that, within a few yards of him,,there is a good' made-road leading to the place where he wishes to go. It is to industrial science," said Lord Stanley, "that we look for machinery to-do in future the »ye>r:r of life, and save man for higher pTit^ui^l'iie labourer needs to have a pqryon-ef his drudgery taken off his hands, 'to have slaves that shall wor-ior him——not human islavcs, (lod- forbia 1 out to summon to lus aid those"- hidden powers^of nature ^vhieh -t has pleased .oflr Maker to subject to the control o^uSan's intellicfelice and will." CTT/T 'wt" f' -k. Ar tne Thame agrxcuitnral meeting, Mr. Henlov irfade(. ajJXojig^ "ipepdij iij|^L^h^|ie devoi^fjMs Attgn^o: chiefly t(|niasfe-d-_diStres3 a,nk; i:grv c Juorai statistics^ the latter wMch^lie.saidy-the ers were- suiffciently willing to "gfvej only, added he, if the nation wants them, let the nation pay the expense, and not call npOn thfe1 farmers both to give the information and pay the cost. .A SAD spectacle occurred at Liverpool last week. Four prisoners condemned to death for separate offences were executed in front of Sirkdale Gaol- There' was, as usual, an immense concourse of spectators, but the awful sight of human struggles were, in a great measure, hidden from view by a blaek. screen, which ran round the scaffold and con- cealed all but the heads of the prisoners. This is a step in the right direction, and we should be glad if, on all occasions when the last sentence of the law is carried into effect, the scene could be concealed as much as possible from the gaze of the morbid and depraved mob who to witness it. THE Worcester ■ Spasical1 Festival came to a successful termination last, week. We "need scarcely tell our readers that the Worcester Gloucester, and Hereford Festivals are held'alter- nately, and are designated the "Triennial Festivals of the Three Choirs" of the above dioceses. These meetings have been held for upwards of a century and a half, and are therefore the most ancient musical festivals in England/though they have not reached to the magnitude or the niusical interest of the more recently formed meetings of Birmingham or Norwich. The object of the three choirs is most laudable it is to make provision for the widows and families.'parish clergymen with small benences within the'district. It seems that there are not anywhere in England so many poor livings as in this part Of the country, so it was when these meetings were set on foot, and so it is at preserit-though pos- sibly the new Act of the Lord Chancellor's might somewhat, improve them. Hut it is ja^ad thing to see men of education, learning, and irn- poruaiLo position and duties live, or rather starve, on pittances which many a domestic servant wluld despise^ and are unable, by any amount of self- privation, to save those dearest to them from destitution when they die. These music meeting's have for- many! years done-somethihg'" for the widows and orphans of poor clergymen.;ii^ch, however, yet remains to be done. This year the subscription, as well as the daily receipts, at Wor- cester has been large, and we trusttb-e charity has profited accordingly, and that the funds thus produced may alleviate the distress of thdse for Whom it .was intended. THE Paris papers describe a system by which a Pus/Cinnan of the name of Hooibrenck.profesges to be able .to. increase the yield of wheat, oats/barley, rye, and other grain by fifty per cent. -The.system is said to have been tried in Prance effectively, arid is of exceeding simplicity—nothing more than dragging a-sort of fringe steeped in honey over the crops the moment of flowering, and so making a better distribution of the pollen than takes place when the plant is left to itself. WE would, also remind 5 our agricultural friends that the new amendment to, the- Income Tax Act now comes into operation, by which; the exemption of farms, formerly rented sunder < £ 3()0'per annum, and paying' the lower amount of property tax under Schedule B, is now extended to rents under < £ 400,'so that parties whose "rents do not amount to this latter sum can obtain a form of abatement from the surveyor or assessor to get their tax" reduced to 2-Jd. in .the pound.

ARRIVAL OF HER MAJESTY THE…

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