T O "W" 1ST TALK. BY CUR LONDON CORRESPONDENT. Our rape ? ml7 vjMenstotek that be dotfiot hold o r$cJ "s | rt^o-.is.bUfor pu\ aajl| Coms^ondfnt's opinions.* assisted ,ttr a fell' repre.,eniation rf^ ths> sportsmen and horke lovers of Ehgland and tljg* Continent,"lias "T5een~paying the last Honours to "the last, or rsearly the last, of a generation of squires who loved the thoroughbred without caring or condescending to mix in the rascalities of the turf. The railroads for the last month, and particularly for the 10th, 11th, and 12th, have brought thousands to Sledmere station (what a revolution in these last words*!); to^S"a^a'3^f3|" bid for the stud of the lat^ SSrltTattoife ffyt^esJ: More than three hundred colts of The purest blood, sold under the hammer for above twenty thousand pounds, bear witness for the fine horses which this fine old country gentleman maintained to the day of his death, at ninety odd years. There were four-year olds and five-year olds in dozens that had never felt a saddle or a collar, and of three-year olds thoroughbred stoclc over two hundred there were mares over twenty years old, and among the unsold animals several over thirty years old. Sir Tatton; never betted, and had not raced him- self for many years, but he bred some three hundred blood stock every year, and those which were not sold as yearlings, or picked out as hunters or hacks he. kept for his own amusement. Thus, he must have spent some four or five thousand a year oti this one pursuit; but,, as he had no other hobby, and a very fine income, as he kept up no London house, and lived in good and unflankeyfied- style, though keeping almost open house, he died rich. The Yorkshire and Lincolnshire farmers bid up briskly to'carry; home some living reminiscence of dear, kind, hospitable, old Sir Tatton. There were a number of foreigners picking out the best things for the studs of France, Prussia, and Austria. America, thanks to the' civil war, was unrepresented, and this probably diminished the large sum the sales made by several thousands. The" railway station recently opened on the estate close to Sledmere, was to the thoughtful a curious mark of the march of time. Sledmere lies in the midst of the Yorkshire Wolds, and was, until railroads dashed through York and crept up to Malton and Scarborough, one of the most soli- tary of English country houses. In his youth, some seventy years ago, Sir Tatton had no choice between a hack and a cart when he wanted to travel; while his female relatives rode on side- saddle, or pillion until they reached the liiol road. Until he was seventy years old, Sir Tatton continued, from choice, his hack rides to Lon- don once a year, and everywhere' else all the year round. Roads were a great in- novation on the Wolds. The railroad to York was considered a great innovation by 'all the squires, and that was twenty-eight miles from Sledmere; then it advanced to Malton—to accom- modate the racing establishment of John Scott, I presume—and scarcely are Sir Tatton's eyes closed, than a. station is opened close to his park, and the inclosure and destruction of the mag- nificent turf down near Malton is settled. Thug, in his life-time, this fine old gentleman saw the commencement and completion of a revolution which doubled the value of the estates of those who most bitterly opposed it. 'London has, just now, the appearance of a city lately barricaded, and in some of the principal' thoroughfares, including the Bayswater-road, the road to Kew, and Piccadilly, the Main Drainage- Works are in possession of half the road. Hitge ramparts of earth and brick watch towers, which are ventilating shafts, give all the air of a besieged city. It is curious to observe how steadily and how quietly this great work goes on, when we rememberwhat piles of printed matter were issued to provethatthe planwasruinous, if not impracticable. All tne newspapers were against the Metropolitan Board plan, including the Times. Of coarse, all 11 all is forgotten now, but people of the same sort are m a i making a great fuss about the value of liquid sewage. To this, there are two. answers that pretty well settle the whole question. Which are the counties that grow the best—that is the best corn—crops? The eastern, where there are several -peeks' per annum less rain than in the western; consequently, the majority of farmers prefer dry to liquid manure. Where was. there ever an instance of a valuable material going a-begging for twenty years amongst the enterprising capitalists and manufacturers of England? The Metropolitan Board have advertised for tenders for their reservoirs of sewage, and the persons who profess to make the most brilliant offers are penni- less adventurers, without either scientific or prac- tical character or experience. Some time or other these reservoirs will be used to grow hay crops in dry seasons, but there are no signs as yet that a ton of liquid sewage will even be worth as much as a bag of bone-dust. Party spirit often assumes comical appearances. -It is the theory of our statesmen that Turkey is to be supported not that any one believes that the lazy, non-marrying Turk will ever make any real progress, or effect any real reform, but we are afraid tbat if we allow the Sultan, the sick man, to be snuffed out, a European war will arise out of the division of the Moslem's inheritance. On the Danube are settled a set ,of semi-barbarians, who call themselves Christians, Wallachians, Molda- vians, Servians, who have this one great advantage over the Turk—they marry one wife, rear children, cultivate the land, and trade actively. These Danubian principalities owe an almost nominal allegiance to the Sultan. The Viceroy —Hospodar they call him—of Moldo-Wallachia, is a cunning semi-savage, one Prince Couza. This Prince Couza has been doing what our Harry VIII. did whattheFrench Revolution did; what Catholic Spam and, Catholic Italy have done, with great applause from English newspapers of all shades in our own time-corifiscatedthe landed property of I monasteries and religious houses for the benefit of the State." ■' • A friend of mine saw, the other day, at Seville'; a fine manufactory of stoneware, what we c Staffordshire ware, carried on by some hundred Spaniaxd^ in-what w&s..once a n^twrtstery. All the* workfce werjearelent Eoma^Cat^plic Spaniards,- ak not ~h ffche, #an^er was an Englishman. All 'As t^rcjug i Sjjpifr it «is"thte sAnpe. However, the qbs'fiver|6nd jjthir pfipers-.bf the same views are [ iquixe shocked that lie prince Cjpuea §!Toim ka^iS^selzei fee*revemieS'"on which some thousand Greek monks live in dirty unproductive piety. It may be very cruel to the present possessors if I^intee Cottzi does'not peosioB. them as the Spanish apd 1 i1 In ov^mepts "liaVe Hone with their monks, friars, and nuns; but if it is not an advantage to the State, then we are humbugs ynpiir ^trjsporfr'qf Italian treatment of monastic property, '^hefie ^4 wish to kn<m wTiat Greek monasteries are" lite should read a ] book published some years ago by the Hon. Itenry Carzon, describing his visit to the monasteries of Mount Ararat. Z. Z. j
OUTLINES OF THE WEEK. '+-- THE news lately arrived from America does not, by any means, confirm the reports received the previous week of the total subjugation of the forts which protected Charleston. General Beaure- gard, we are told, is determined to hold Fort Sumter as long as possible by means of temporary fortifications; The Federals, it is said, are working hard in the trenches before Fort Wagner, and are reported to have been repulsed in an assault they made against it. Both belli- gerents appear to be making preparations for another great battle. There is, perhaps, however, hope in the distance of some compromise being arrived at. President Lincoln is doubtless aware that, though his armies may conquer, the South, yet, under the present aspect of affairs, it would be an impossibility to retain the Union in the same undivided state as heretofore. He has addressed a letter to the New York Eepublican State Con- vention, in which he points out that the only hope of a peaceable settlement must be based on offers made either by the Confederate armies, or those directing their movements. He states that he has never heard of any such offers having been made, but, says, if one should cmne, "it should not be rejected or kept secret," One would think that now is a fitting time for mediation, and that members of peace societies, or advocates of legiti- mate arbitration might try their powers, and endeavour to. put an end to the cruel war that has. caused widows' hearts to bleed, and left thousands of fatherless children to struggle tiirough life without a parent's protecting hand. OTHER foreign intelligence is extremely meagre. The French Emperor is at his country; villa at Biarritz,, apparently dozing away Ms,, time, but people who know him best believe th&t'"he' i £ quietly watching the course of. events, ready at any moment to, take advantage'of the nation that shall be caught napping. The Emperor, of 'Russia has set off on his journey to the Crimea, where lie is. to visit all the places nude famous to European readers by. the war of 1855. In Poland/the Russians have beaten and been beaten, and the. Anstriaix authorities in Gallicia. seem to liave a good deal to do between combatants of both camps I WHO cross the frontier. There is something won- derful in what is called the National Government of Poland. • They are neither seen nor heard, yet every- now and then proclamations are .issued and enforced, and: the; people acknowledge. &nd obey. There ha.ve, however, been complaints raised by the..patriotic. Poles that their Government had become too late, and a general im- pression prevails that they will act independently of such ihembers.'and'it is even assumed that. the people will be called to arms all over Poland on one given day, and that the issue of ,that event will be either to obtain their independence or die on the battle field. But there is a feeling through- out Europe that patriotism might be carried too far, arid that if a free constitution were given to the Poles by Eussia they should accept it -rather .than continue in insurrection against such a powerful .potentate. Accounts from New Zealand report; that the aborigines of the northern districts are in arms against the English, and the Governor of Auckland has set forth conditions for a. semi- military settlement on the borders'of the insur- rection, tiros providing a volunteer army which Would serve as-a protection to themselves and the colony generally.' Grants of land aiid other privi- leges are to be given to any settlers' under forty- 17, z;1 five years of age willing to take up arms and become disciplined soldiers. p -I THE Palace of Westminster is quite deserted, and, indeed, politics seem entirely to be sunk during the vacation. Here and there we hear of the great guns coming out with some eloquent oration, but they invariably avoid anything that may be termed political. EARL RUSSELL has been made a burgess of Dundee; he assisted at the [unveiling of the statue of Sir David Baxter, and at -the inauguration of the People's Park.. His lordship gpoke out strongly for public playgrounds, and wisely said, they are as useful as schools, believing in the maxim that all work and no, play makes Jack a dull boy." His lordship joked more upon this occasion than we have,, ever known him, and created general laughter throughout his speech; and when he extolled the Scotch lassies, and recommended young men to come fronr the South and choose among them, assuring them he had done so to his great <:> profit, there was .the loudest laughter and the greatest applause. Earl Russell- must cer- tainly hive-taken a Ifef dVLt'of the noble Premier's book, for we never' teard of liis factiousness before. THE Duke of Newcastle has been reviewing the Nottinghamshire Volunteers, and at the close of the manoeuvres his grace made a speech, in which he begged all who heard, him tö do.jtiieir _b.est to support the volunteers. Th^ movement, he said, had been of infealcttl £ tblS!b*etiefit%o'.t1ii^ country. AT the -LiveipobbSchool-of Scieai^e/liord Stanley made a characteristic'speech, intone part of which he stated, that he thought nature, as distinguished from man,"was"'too'little s^adfed. jngehgols, and h.e ascribed to tjiig np^ct ^he^grfta^ ,an}Oun|i of wasted efforts, often ^p^^ /j^on^i^possiijie. problems, and,still..oft'^r^er'on..proems, wliie^ unknov-i? to th.-> arsthor^ hid ly solved. "In one ~c;e/'he said- •* tf e dieeovaier 1 oking for that which cannot be foumd; in another, he is like a man toiling through a dense, untrodden £ tfest, cutting his way at evea-y step, and unaware, that, within a few yards of him,,there is a good' made-road leading to the place where he wishes to go. It is to industrial science," said Lord Stanley, "that we look for machinery to-do in future the »ye>r:r of life, and save man for higher pTit^ui^l'iie labourer needs to have a pqryon-ef his drudgery taken off his hands, 'to have slaves that shall wor-ior him——not human islavcs, (lod- forbia 1 out to summon to lus aid those"- hidden powers^of nature ^vhieh -t has pleased .oflr Maker to subject to the control o^uSan's intellicfelice and will." CTT/T 'wt" f' -k. Ar tne Thame agrxcuitnral meeting, Mr. Henlov irfade(. ajJXojig^ "ipepdij iij|^L^h^|ie devoi^fjMs Attgn^o: chiefly t(|niasfe-d-_diStres3 a,nk; i:grv c Juorai statistics^ the latter wMch^lie.saidy-the ers were- suiffciently willing to "gfvej only, added he, if the nation wants them, let the nation pay the expense, and not call npOn thfe1 farmers both to give the information and pay the cost. .A SAD spectacle occurred at Liverpool last week. Four prisoners condemned to death for separate offences were executed in front of Sirkdale Gaol- There' was, as usual, an immense concourse of spectators, but the awful sight of human struggles were, in a great measure, hidden from view by a blaek. screen, which ran round the scaffold and con- cealed all but the heads of the prisoners. This is a step in the right direction, and we should be glad if, on all occasions when the last sentence of the law is carried into effect, the scene could be concealed as much as possible from the gaze of the morbid and depraved mob who to witness it. THE Worcester ■ Spasical1 Festival came to a successful termination last, week. We "need scarcely tell our readers that the Worcester Gloucester, and Hereford Festivals are held'alter- nately, and are designated the "Triennial Festivals of the Three Choirs" of the above dioceses. These meetings have been held for upwards of a century and a half, and are therefore the most ancient musical festivals in England/though they have not reached to the magnitude or the niusical interest of the more recently formed meetings of Birmingham or Norwich. The object of the three choirs is most laudable it is to make provision for the widows and families.'parish clergymen with small benences within the'district. It seems that there are not anywhere in England so many poor livings as in this part Of the country, so it was when these meetings were set on foot, and so it is at preserit-though pos- sibly the new Act of the Lord Chancellor's might somewhat, improve them. Hut it is ja^ad thing to see men of education, learning, and irn- poruaiLo position and duties live, or rather starve, on pittances which many a domestic servant wluld despise^ and are unable, by any amount of self- privation, to save those dearest to them from destitution when they die. These music meeting's have for- many! years done-somethihg'" for the widows and orphans of poor clergymen.;ii^ch, however, yet remains to be done. This year the subscription, as well as the daily receipts, at Wor- cester has been large, and we trusttb-e charity has profited accordingly, and that the funds thus produced may alleviate the distress of thdse for Whom it .was intended. THE Paris papers describe a system by which a Pus/Cinnan of the name of Hooibrenck.profesges to be able .to. increase the yield of wheat, oats/barley, rye, and other grain by fifty per cent. -The.system is said to have been tried in Prance effectively, arid is of exceeding simplicity—nothing more than dragging a-sort of fringe steeped in honey over the crops the moment of flowering, and so making a better distribution of the pollen than takes place when the plant is left to itself. WE would, also remind 5 our agricultural friends that the new amendment to, the- Income Tax Act now comes into operation, by which; the exemption of farms, formerly rented sunder < £ 3()0'per annum, and paying' the lower amount of property tax under Schedule B, is now extended to rents under < £ 400,'so that parties whose "rents do not amount to this latter sum can obtain a form of abatement from the surveyor or assessor to get their tax" reduced to 2-Jd. in .the pound.
ARRIVAL OF HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN -V IN ENGLAND., On Thursday morning, after a Continental tonr of a few weeks, her Majesty the Queen, and the members of the Royal Family who accompanied her, arrived in England. At Woolwich an immense concourse of people assembled at an early hour anxious to pay their re- spects to her Majesty, the absurd restrictions which were imposed by the authorities when her Majesty loft England having been relaxed at the command of the Queen herself. Many thousands of persons were' consequently enabled to pay their respects to her Majesty without the slightest breach of order or de- corum. On the above morning Staff-Commander Welch pro- ceeded with the Fairy, steam tender, to Greenhithe, where he met the Royal yacht, haying on board her Majesty and suite. Her Majesty was accompanied by his Royal High- ness Prince Alfred, Princess Helena, Prince Leopold, and Princess Beatrice, and was attended by the Mar- chioness of Ely, Lady A. Bruce, Lieut,-General the Hon. C. Grey, Colonel Sir T. M. Biddulph, Major Cowell, Dr. Jenner, and Mr. Duff. The. disembarkation took place at Woolwich Pier, at five minutes past eleven. Her Majesty and suite were received by Commodore Superintendent Sir W. Nicholson, the flag officer of the port, Viscount Sydney, Lord Chamberlain' and Lorcl Lieutenant, of the county (Kent), Major-General Sir R. Davies, and Captain Gordon, and other officials. On the disembarkation a Royal salute was fired, and immediately afterwards reports of guns from North Woolwich, on the-opposite shore, and from many other directions, were heard. Amidst much cheering her Majesty and suite, iii five carriages, and preceded by mounted police, drove from the Arsenal, through Charlton, Greenwich, and Dept- ford, to the private station of the South Western Railway, at Nine Elms, where, a train being in readi- ness, they proceeded at once to NVindsor., Her Majesty appeared to be in excellent health, —: ♦ —
Hopping.—Every nook and corner of the hopping district swarms with those busy bees the hoppers. All the growers have now begun picking, and there is promise of a more than ordinary crop. With such an influx of visitors the little towns in Surrey of ait even- ing look like a fair. London costermongers import their London cries, and, one might almost suppose himself transported to the New Cut or Whitechapel. The crops being heavy, the hopping is expected to last about three weeks. Fearful loss of life in EnglaM takes place simply through the people .being ignorant. of the fact that there is a medicine in existence that will cure. tbeau Therefore it. is our bounijen duty to inform them that PASS WooDCOCE's WiND Fhiits are the best and safest medicine for /mod in the stomach ndigestion, debility, nervousness, biliousness, Ltc. Of all medicine 'vejuflors, at Is. lid., or free &r fctatSswJ stamps from Vtfrt 'We«S«ofk,.Chemist, Liscoin.
SINGULAR TRIAL FOR TREASON IN NAPLES. The celebrated 6rial -of the Princess Sciarra and <^„,a_iiei Quattromani ha^ just terminated, after oc- cupying the Court o.v Naples for fouf daye. THe prisoners Caroline, widoVr Prince BMbermi.iColonna, ch Sciaiia, aged forty-Uro, a id CatfaMer Quattromapa, formerly secretary to Mi to^inicioaTfty c# Naples, and now its pensioner, ag4d =ixty-tw|, were! charged wjth mha,mgm the lasl mon^ of %e yfeir IS^nd m the bfe^rtnu^ofises; CfTncerted anirfer;- cltKftd with several persons associated in a sect tb» resolution to act, direct, or undertake certain treason- able practices with a new to destroy the. farm of GoyernHie»t, tae^te the'suWfectsfef th:9, kingdom to ,w"^id to cafry d6VastaW slaughter, an^^acki'ng'into™Various communes of t|e State, for the purpose of restoring the dominion of tne ex-Kmg, Francis II., Bourbon Never, perhaps, were the Courts of Naples so densely cr«w^-a^-tlip impnrt!i|it 0cc;^ion:Allwho wfere1' tsfcfTrl t ^Kroughouf tlie trial tlie Princess preserved a sin- gu:l?-ly'calma!l9:J].gÜ.1fied demeanour. Once or twice she wept, tears of pride rather, when the indignities to which she had been submitted were alluded to-she, a grait in the family of Colonna, whose name had been m,^le history of Italy for nine centuries. \Aitha fan in her hand she continually touched her hps, while Quattromani, a tail, handsome man, unfor- tunately blind, held a white pocket-handkerchief, with which he continually wiped his forehead, for the heat was as intense as that of the dog-days. Wednesday was occupied principally in examining a pile of docu- mentary evidence, the remainder of the day and a part of Thursday being taken up with the examination of thirty-six witnesses twenty-two for the prosecution aiid fourteen for the defence. The Attorney-General then as the public prosecutor, laid the facts before the court in a speech remarkable for moderation, lucidness and occasional bursts of eloquence. He pronosed to treat the case, he said, With moderation calmness, and impartiality; but it was lm- whfph th? their attention to the deplorable state into ^hjclvtheir provmce had been thrown. Rome was. now really the hotbed of. conspiracy-a den of brigands. There Frano.-sco Borbone resided; there he had found a supporter in the Pope and despotism and ignorance were united; because the Pope is King- Brigands and assassins despoil this the most lovely part of Italy, so jessed by God, so cursed by. man. On the 16th of January, 1863,. placards announced an organised conspiracy against them in JRome. Ramifications existed in Naples, cap- tained by men who to their grief were not found among ttieni- men respectable in every other, respect except political. It was r-'Ll W Tn°rir- at Prodigious ID an (round of apalause) OrZhi tlZ Jt11™? nf bond^e. and in the following Oc.ob.r the plebiscite decided that we should pass through velli1fvei-p"M>fill1^ItU^eS7the of Dante and Mac'chia- H ° pyramid was encumbered Ml: 7 ^er °^trilctions, but at the apex is the unity o. Italy (great^Ejjl^use). The nobles liad,not-ohosea to assist ri rearing grand edifice. Conspiracy existed in Naples. You ee it with your eyes and touch it with your hands in the letter before the court. There a council and aMliati," and gradations, and assumed names, as Abram and Aarohe, and payments far membership; all these facts were-developed in the letters in cipher, and the conspiracy was intended to destroy our Italian unity. After analysing'these • letters, which were found in the carpet-bag of the Princess Sciarra, and were ad- mioted to have been given 1 to her by the Cavalier Qua,ttTOmani who. declared he became .possessed of them through Duciiaruen,-Frenchman, whom the Atuorney-Generai aecIared to be a myth;, and that .the carpet-bag-, of the. Eoy&l Princess was the box of Pandora, full of ruin to Naples, the learned counsel- said:— He could not forget the answer of tbePiincess on her last exami- nation-" She was not a resident here—she was indifferent to the fate of Naples." This from the Princess Sciarra, a member of the family of the Colonnas, who for mne centuries had been identi- fied., with Naples! lie, would not urge against her words* attributed to her on a later examination by a delegate who ,0h0'.yed her. When a.red flag was seen .on her journey to the fiontter, she exclaimed, "I would rather see. a Republic here than the infamous Government 6f Victor Emmanuel." To wind up, then (continupd. the Attorney-General),. the Prihcess could not have been cjecoivcd. she was not friendly to a united Italy. She carried a letter to Francesco Borbone in her hand, and many criminal letters in her carpet-bag. She is guiity. I have not indulged in any-party sentiment. I have endeavoured to be .jast and severe. Gentlemen- of the jury, We want an honest and independent verdict. Given at a time when an awful scourge is ravaging our province, i.twiil create a vast interest, and exercise avast influence. Be not imposed upon by great, names, feut let your verdict be honest and independent. After cotfesel had been hear'-fl for the- defence, the Presideiit proceeded to -suni up to the jury, and urged them to be hdnest, firm, and independent., termip.ating his speech at about half-past six o'clock in the evening At seven o'clock the,court presented an extraordinary scene. Daylight then faded into dusk, and a; few candles werfc brougnt in, just rendering darkness visible. Galleries, the bench, and the body of the'hall were filled with persons, strofig partizans of one or the other cause,-many of them ladies, who like myself, had been shut up in this, mtensely hot. furnace since nine o clock in the morning. The general impression was mat botn prisoners would be acquitted—the iury it was feared, would fail to do their duty, and as is always the case in Naples, some went so far as to say that the Princess had bribed the'jury. After various false alarms, about half-past eight o'clock an usher announced the return of the Court, and the jury, d were ordered in. There was- a dead silence" while the .ghosts of bonnets were, peering over the galleries to catch every word. The foreman of the! jury having been called upon by the President, ex- claimed, On our honour and our conscience the jury reply to the first question, as to the guilt or innocence I of Cavalier Quattromani, we declare him Guilty;' to; the second question, as to the guilt of the Princess. sciarra, we declare her Not Guilty.' This document having been signed by the foreman and countersigned the Chancellor, the prisoners were ordered into COUTL- and to the .eye of pity only the scene was very toucnmg. Cavalier Quattromani, a tall handsome man, sixty years of age, but. stone blind, was led in by a carbineer and groped his way to his place in the court. The Princess reappeared, leaning on the arm of her advocate, Tarant'ini. As she entered she tot- tered and seemed about to faint, while her ill-repressed sobs were audible still plucky and dignified., to the last, she rejected a glass of water which was brought to her; the only sign of her distrust of herself being that she grasped the arm or hand of and would not allow him to leave her. The Chancellor tnen, by order of tne President, read the verdict. Quattromani received it in a firm and dignified manner. The President then, turning to the other accused, said, "Princess, you have been acquitted by the verdict of the jury, and you are free to return home accompanied hy your friends." Though she evidently tottered from agitation, she yet turned and gracefully curtseyed to the jury and the court, and then left, supported by Tarantini, and followed by numerous' ladies and gen- tlemen, who closed in around her, and the. ca^se celebre of the Princess Sciarra, was over. After the foreman had read the .verdict, the Attorney-General an- nounced the punishment determined by the law for Quattromani, ten years of replusion, .a -finei at the pleasure *of the'judge,' and.the expenses. ■
THE FLORIDA SEIZED- AT BREST. PARIS, SEPT. 10. The Siecle publishes a dispatch from Brest, stating that the Confederate steamer the Florida has been provisionally seized at that port, at the'suit of a ship- owner named Menier, of Brest, who. (claims an indem-' nity of 100,000 fr. for one of his vessels, seized by that cruiser. The Pays, confirming this;, statement, adds that the outrage of which M. Menier complains is that his ship was forced by the Florida to go out of its course to carry prisoners of war to Acapulco. At the same time we learn by the Semaphore of Marseilles that an application has just been mjade to the Tribunal of Commerce at Marseilles, by MM. Gounelle, Eoulet, Guerin, and others, owners of the cargo of the W. B. Nash, a merchant vessel recently captured and burnt by the Florida, for an authorisation to seize her when- ever she may bo found in any'Frfench. port or road- stead. The tribunal granted the authorisation, at-the applicants' own risk. Mr. Slidell lÚts" gone to Brest to see what he can do for the Florida.,
SURRENDER OF THE FIVE BRIGANDS. The surrender, of the five brigands taken, from the Aunis steamer "has been granted. It is believed that the Italian Government will comply with the wish of France that nu-cxecut"in-^hould.ti place. The Siecle publishes, an article, upon the Polish question signed by the editor, M. Havm, stating that the declaration of ifee Journal dxk J'-nourg shows that Russia is net siore accommodating, ,at present than in July. fie -Hk-lele thinks it impossible that France, England, aaad Austria, shpirid tolerate the present position of affairs. They will be forced to take one part or another, and say plainly, "Yes" or No." If -England and Austria should decline to sanction an ultimatum in reply to the unmeaning notes in which Russia scoffs at their remonstrances, the other Powers will be ready to go hand-in-hand with France for the deliverance of Poland. ,>
AVI-ERICA f N AUG-UST^S. Genera^ Gumore officially reports, on the 24th inst., the practical demolition of Fort Sumter, after seven days' bombardnent. It is a shapeless and harmless mass of ruins. A longer fire," he says, would make it a greater mass of ruins, but scarcely mora powerless for the defence of Charleston harbour. It is unnecessary to continue to fire on the ruins. I have established batteries on my left, within effective range of the heart of Charleston, and opened with them. afffHCvTgiyE^ General Beauregard due notice. My pr^je'cjbilfis e4ter<ed,Charieston, and General Beauregard -designates.i £ eni.tlie,-most destructive missiles ever used .iii war." Unofficial accounts, to the evening of, the-24th, state that Fort Sumter was entirely destroyed, but had not surrendered. The fleet was preparing to move up the harbour. mi NEW YORK, AUGUST 29. The batteries which destroyed Fort Sumter wero located at distances varying between 3,300 and 4.200" yards, and remain as efficient as ever. Quantrell's guerillas are being hunted through.the woods and mountains of the border counties of Mis- souri. Large numbers of them have been killed and their horses destroyed. Dispatches from Stevenson, Alabama, state it is probable that the Confederates are evacuating Chat- tanooga and all East Tennessee. Deserters report they are moving guns and important machinery from Chattanooga to Atalanta. The New York Times urges the Government to pre- pare for a war with France. Such a war, it says, is not certain, but it would be dangerous and foolish to act as if it were impossible. The New York Times has little doubt that Napoleon has made a secret treaty with President Davis for the cession of Texas, as the equivalent for recognition and substantial aid. Confederate papers: received at Morehead City state that President Davis has'decided, after a consultation with the Governors of "the"'Confederate States, to call out 500,000; black troops, jwho ara to receive their freedom and fifty acres of land at the end of the war. A large sloop of war of ten guns, flying the British flag, swept past the blockading steamers afWIlmingtoB, N.C. She immediately afterwards hoisted the Con- federate flag and entered the port. This is the fourth war vessel which has run-the same blockade at that port during the last six weeks. ■ NEW: YORK, SEPT. 1.1 Southern accounts state that the Federals assaulted Fort Wagner on the 26th uilt., but were repulsed. The latest advices, to the 28th ult., state that the Federals were working hard in the, trenches in front of Fort Wagner. It is understood that Fort Sumter, although' seriously breached, will mot be abandoned. General'Beauregard is determined to hold it. This, it is supposed, can be done by erecting a temporary; for- tification. The Federal bombardment of Forts Sumter and Wagner continued without further result. No more shells had been thrown -into the city. Federal advices to the 28th ult. state that Fort Wagner cannot yet be taken. The naval Operations will continue without regard to Fort Wagner. General Beauregard, officially .states that General Gilmore's first demand for the. surrender of Fort Sumter and- Morris Island waslibt signed, conse- quently it was returned unanswered, notwithstanding which General Gilmore, in four hopx's afterwards, threw -shells. into. the city in the middle of the night, whilst the inhabitant^ were sleeping, causing Beaure- gard to threaten: retaliation? if :the act, was repeated without warning.- "iHithi' General Burnside. is near Kingston, about to attain the toWn' 1 ,L'' General Price has 25,000 Confederates at Bayou- Metarie, on the White River, where: amengagement is expected to take place, jThe: Confederate. cavalry crossed. the Big Black River, and approached; -within; eight miles of Vicks- .burg, but were driven hac^ r General Mosby is reported to beer-, killed whilst skirmishing.: General Pemberton's- death is. confirmed. John B, Floyd is dead. President Lincoln has, written a .letter to be read at the Springfield, Union;meeting,on the:3rclinstant. It- 'isi reported that he will foreshadow the "future policy iof the administration. «- :Thejsteamers Alice: Yiviati arid iCrescent, the brig Atlantic, and the British schooners Cadmita and Artist- have been captured. Blockade running between Wilmington and the West India islands is very active. The Now York Eepublican State Convention has resolved not to. tender peace to men in arms nor to consent to a separation of the Union. The Convention repudiates intervention, promises to support the Government in maintaining the ascendancy of the American continent, and endorses the emancipation proclamation. President Lincoln has addressed a'letter to the Con- vention, in which he says he does not believe thafar compromise embracing the maintenance of the Union is now possible. -4 The strength of the rebellion is in its army, and the offer of terrns oy men within the range of that army is nothing, such men having no power to enforce a com- promise. An .effective compromise .must .be made either with those controlling the rebel, army, or with the people under its dominion. No intimation from the rebel army, or from the men controlling it, in relation to a peace compromise, has ever come to President Lincoln's knowledge or belief. "If it does come, it shall not be rejected or kept secret." The President mentions• that he suggested.. compensated emancipation, but the people objected. to. taxation to buy negroes. No direct confirmation of President Davis' enlisting negroes has been received, but it is alleged that the governors of all the Confederate States assembled in Richmond, and after a consultation with the cabinet,, decided that the salvation of the country required the arming of slaves, and that. a call of -100,000 negroes (one for every eight inhabitants) should take place forthwith.. •• Rumours are current that General Lee is making a., movement to flank General Meade. There is a con- siderable Confederate force north of the Rappa- hannock below Fredericksburg. The Confederate cavalry have made demonstrations at various points along the Potomac. NEW YORK, SEPT. 4. Federal advices from Charleston to the 31st ult. state that the monitors moved up on the 31st abreast of Moultrie and attacked that fort. Forts Moultrie, Gregg, and Wagner, and Sullivan's. Island battery, replied to the monitors. The; latter passed Fort Sumter and Wagner without opposition. There were said to be no obstructions in the harbour, and an im- pression prevailed that the fleet could pass up to the city. The Confederate flag was still flyhig on Fort Sumter, which the Confederates were endeavouring to repair. General Giimore's approaches were close to Fort Wagner. • •' NEW YORE,,SEPT. 5. News received from Charleston to the 1st insit. an- nounces that the Federal ironclads had withdrawn fr6m the attack on Fort Moultrie. The Confederates had remounted some gmJ- on the- ruins of Fort Suinter/and MADE other preparations for defence. •' ■' General Gilmore had driven the Confederates firfetn thb nae-pita on the left of his advance linc; 'c.4pttiring seventy prisoner^- He had also run a parallel1 AGAINST F Or t Wagner..No further bombardment of the city had taken place.. ♦
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