INFANT MORTALITY IN THE METRO- POLIS THROUGH SUFFOCATION An inquiry was held at the Ship Tavern, Lime- house, by Mr. Raffles Walthew, the deputy-coroner, respecting the death of Thomas Walker, an infant, six months old, which had been suffocated under the following circumstances Mary Anne Walker, I, Ring-court, Park-street, 'said that the deceased was placed in bed on Thurs- day night, and slept between herself and hei- Her husband had gone to bed at seven or eight o'clock, not sober. He had not been sober all the afternoon. The next morning she found the de- ceased child cold, and apparently dead. She went for the doctor, who pronounced life extinct. Dr. Andrews said the child died from suffocation. Parts of the body were livid. Deprivation of air by being covered over with bed-clothes would cause death. The Coroner said that it was high time the public attention should be directed to the great mortality amongst infants arising from suffocation. He had recently held nine inquests in two days upon children who had thus lost their lives. The parents almost invariably attributed the death of their children under such circumstances to convulsions, lest a suspicion of infan-ticideshould attach to them bat there was no doubt that the carelessness-or the over-fondness—of the. parent was in fault. He (the Coroner) did not agree with those who ascribed the suffocation of children to design, for he observed that but comparativ ely few cases occurred during summer, but that the numbers invariably rose during the winter, and that the fatality occurred principally on &tndayaodMondaymormngs. The causes appeared to be these—on the approach of cold weather parents, in their anxiety to keep the children warm, wrapped them up in heavy bed-clothes, so as to deprive them of all access to pure air, and with delicate infants death as surely resulted as if they had been burked. Secondly, on Saturdays, parents of the lower order spent their time between marketing and the public- hauses, and returning home late and tired, overlaid, aad so killed the children. Sundays, amongst the same class, was devoted to heavy eating and drink- ing, and even more than on Saturday nights children were crashed and asphyxiated. It was therefore a matter of some moment that at the present time parents should be put on their guard with respect, not only to the danger of destroying the lives of their children, but of involving themselves in the suspicion, however unfounded, of infanticide. In the particular case under notice a verdict was returned, "That deceased died from. suffocation, but how the suffocation was caused there was no evidence to show."
TIlE ISLE WORTH MURDER. At the Central Criminal Court, on Wednesday, before Mr. Baron Martin, Robert Cooper alias Charles Cope- land, 32, described: as a graiaer, a rather good-looking young man, was charged upon the indictment and also by the coroaer's inquisition with the wilful murder of Anne JaneBarnham. Mr. Clerk and Mr. Beasley conducted the prosecution on behalf of the Treasury, instructed by Mr. Pollard, the assistant soltcitor to that department. The prisoner was defended by Mr. Best and Mr. Wartoa. The learned counsel for the prosecution opened the case to the jury in a very temperate speech, and he observed that he was quite sure. that it was unnecessary to bespeak their most anxious attention to the evidence that would be laid before them, when they remembered that tha life of the prisoner depended on their verdict. Helhen proceeded to give a short outline of the case for thffprosecuticn, and the following evidence was adduced. Sarah Barjibara said I am the mother of the deceased, and reside at Sion-lane, Isleworth. I have known the prisoner four years. He wa^ married at that time to my daughter in the name of Charles Copeland. They lived together as man and wife until eighteen months ago, and had two children, one of whom is still alive.. At that time my daughter came back to live with her own family, and went by her maiden name. On the after- noon of the 7 th of August the prisoner came to my honse and inquired for the deceased. She was not at home, but 3he came in while be was there, and they went into the washbouse together. My mother, who lives with us, wer.t to them, and told the prisoner to leave the house, and said that he had upset my daughter (the deceased) by-ttllitig her that be had been married to another woman thirteen years before, and she would ascertain the truth, of it.. The deceasad also said that she would have nothing more to do with him. The prisoner, upon this, took the deceased by the hand, and said they would "part mutual," and he added that ha was mariied to another woman, and asked her whether she woate in terfern between them, and the- deceased said she would not. The prisoner and the deceased appeared to hse .very good friends at this time, and the prisoner shortly afterwards left. On the following day he came to our house 3gain, and asked for Aijaie, and I told him she was gone to Richmond to work. He stayed and had,tea with us, and in the course of conversation he pulled out a likeness of my daughter and some papers, and said that Annie had been a good girl to him, and. %&would not hurt a-hair of her head. The prisoner remained uatil her sister Rasina came home, and my mother than said that she would give him up as a de- serter, which it was known he was, if he did not go away. The prisoner left the house and went into a lane close by, aad the deceased said she would go after him, and I saw them-walking together in the Imo, and I never saw her alive again. I sa-w her dead on the following morn- ing at the ur-ion workhouse (here the witness was a good dead effected). In continuation of her evidence, the wit- ness said that some months before this she 3aw three haHetAin the wais-leoat pseket of, the prisoner. Heh.adl left the waistcoat at home while ha was out, and when i he returned the deceased said in his presence that he had brought these bullets from Ireland, and that one was intended for witness, another fur herself, and the third fos the first man who took him. She also said that she had taxed the prisoner with having married her daughter iaafalse name, and told him that she had ascertained that his real name was Cooper, and that he had been married to another woman in that name. After this she said she advised her daughter to keep out of the prisoner's •wax,- Itoei m Barr. h am, the sister oftheds&eased, corroborated, the ttbave evidence. ByMfetifce was then given by several persons as- to that time of the murder. Mr. Mackenhy, a surgeon,, of Isleworth, deposed that lie pKMniaed the body of the deceased. She was alive when he first: saw her, bust died very soon afterwards, and/upon an examination he. discovered a, bullet wound; behind the right ear, and upon opening the head he found a bullet in taa brain. This was no doubt the cause of her death. Charles Brows, a constable of the City police, deposed to the apprehension of the prisoner, on the 22nd of August, fit Cubitfa-town, Poplar. Mr. Edward Margrave proved that in the year 1849 tile prisoner was married at Burnley, in Lancashire, to a woman named Ellen Buchanan, and he had seen that woman aiiva during the last few weeks. The following letter, which was found upon the prisoner when het was apprehended, was then pm: m and ■ read. It was in the following terms: Isleworth, Wednesday Evening. "I am wretched indeed. I am sorely depressed. I love my dear Aaaie. How can I see her with another man night after fiigbt,.aad promising me that she never do go with another man, but when I met her at twelve o'clock, or rather one o'clock on Tuesday morning arm in arm with another,. and a little the worse and-when I accosted her and. she did not scarcely notiaa-Hlei my blood at the.very moment curdled, my brains were h&fc witli p Wioi), aad. Satan that goes about like a roaring lion seeking whom he may devour, I amhisviclim, andmay the Lord havemeicy. Oh, I cannot bear to live to see my dear dearest Annie, that I love better than my own life, yes I would starve forhief.- I have fttllenon my bended knees, while the tears fell 1Iia 4J1OtJS.of rain from, mine eyes. I hhve begged time after to:-be true to me, but she has deceived me and sho has deserted mc, and how can I live wh.en she has triffed with jw. whoia she ha& once lovedf and who knelt on his aad leaved to I.ig God from hisheaxt to guard her life .ib-FOtfgh her, conficenjent, scarcely two years ago. Yes, I am MMy wr tter:, nt.y dear, dearest Antue,: my heart bleeds for yott. J am1 A wretched, young man. I find you have deceived me. On Sunday, wliea t camefrora the country,.you said you were happy to see me. I said I am overjoyed to see you, and how is yoar dear ba be, Mary Anne ? Yoivsaid, I Dzar Charles,, she is <;utte weli,' and immediately kissed me. I gave you ten shil- 2*.Tgs to put into your pocket, and j-ou seemed guite glad, and faii, SChiarles, you are very kind, and-you spent the remainder of the day with.- me, but when I asked you to stop -with me tiii, MAnday, you said you could not, aad I found out you wanted to. meet amolher, and he was the one- that you were with on Monday night between twelve and or.e o'clock. Oh, Annie,' my dearest, jdeaiy sweet Annies how-XloTe you, and that very in Bm.ui. £ ai'4rc;irk you and I walked affectionately together vriAli our lovejj.baie in sour dear arms, and, there you promised- lac that you would visit; the Crystal Palace with me. cm, tli?e; 1i dr<, and that I mas come early in the morning-. I gave- you a sovereign, and you went to fetch everything you thought best to that amount out of pledge of your wearing apparel, and I found that it was all you wanted from me. Your grandmother told me to come and have some supper along with you, and you told me in the parx you would go to bed early, as we had not much rest on the Sunday night, for you and I did not go to bed at your grandmother's till half-past 12 o'clock. I slept with you, and how affectionately you acted towards me and promised that day week or so you would come back to your dear Charles, but when I went home to supper you told your granny to say- that you were gone to Tur ah am-green, but I myself thought different-solne sudden change came over me, and told me that you were with another, and my steps were directed to Houn- slow, and it was there that I met you arm-in-arm with another, and your wicked mother-a bad, bad woman-she brought yon to ruin. Many a time hast thou said those words to me, and my dear, dear Annie it is her that stole you from me, full of deceit (read the 7th chapter of Proverbs). I was driven to com- mit the fatal deed, and oh, what aa awful thing it is to commit murder-our dear babe left behiitd. Oh, young girls of Brent- ford, think of the result of tampering with a young man's feelings that love you-take my advice and do not (here a word was omitted) a maa that loves you. Look at me, poor, wretched, unhappy man, how kind I have been to my Annie. People knows it in Brentford (Mr. Upton does). I told him on Tuesday morning how unhappy I was. He pitted mC". How can my Annie- respeefe-herseif and -go-on board barges up and down the river for two or three days? But the deed is done. Look to my child. Good bye, farewell all who know me. May God hare mercy upon me. I am writing this in a public-house in Isleworth. Annie, dearest Annie, if you had not tampered with me I should not have felt the pangs I now feel. flow could you pull one young man's face downward to yours and kiss him time after time in«front of me, and-tell- him youloved him, and yet told me quite different. Did I not send you ten shillings and seven shillings weekly when I was away from you ? I have wronged you I confess, but I have beenJorgi veIl by you, and you told me my kindness made you so. that you could not keep away from me. You really did love rae, but your mother was the cause of our separation. I have suffered for her, and. bad has come to her; she is the cause of all this. Good bye, sweet Annie! Oh; that I could lie in your grave with you, that we could be buried together, but I shall bJ elsewhere. I have watched and guarded you, and my heart has-been breaking for you a long time. You remember telling me that yöurmotlJer gave you those bruised eyes that you had a few weeks ago, but, Annie, I have found out that you told me a falsehood it was at Ealing fair, by some men. You have- deceived me,. cruel-hearted Anni& Several men I know have cohabited with you. I hope they will remember seeing me; they may live to think of the manner- in which you and I met our deaths, and all young females take a warning by me, do not decein.one that lovesyuu. I leave this world, a. wretched sinner, and may the Lord have mercy upon my soul, through the blooLl of Jesus Christ my Saviour." This letter bore neither signature, date, nor address, but it was believed to have been written on the day prior to the fatal occurrence. The reading of the document closed Dfre case for the prosecution. Mr. Bf-st then proceeded to address the jury on behalf of the prisoner, but he did so very briefly, as he evidently felt, from the overwhelming nature of the evidence that had been brought forward on behalf of the crown, it was a. hopeless task to endeavour to struggle against a con- viction. He said he was very unwilling to say one word against the dead, but in this case he felt that he might say there would be very little reasonable doabt that the unhappy young woman had not. been faithful to the prisoner, who it was evident looked upon her as his wife, and that her conduct had affected him- most deeply. He then referred to the evidence, and to the statement of the prisoner that he had watched the deceased, and said that if the jury should" think that he met her in company with another man, and that he fired at that man, but missed him and accidentally killed the deceased, they would be j ust ill cl in acquitting him of the crime of wilful murder, and, finding him guilty of manslaughter only. It was true that the deceased was not legally married to the prisoner, but he was sure that they would not look too nicely at such a distinction, and it was evidentthat. the i priaoneratwaysrlookedupon her as his wife, and might- have felt himself justified in discharging the pistol at the- man whom he believed to be wronging him. The learned counsel concluded a very able and feeling address by urging upon the jury the fact that one life had already been sacrificed, and expressing his conviction that if the jury could do so conscientiously, they would willingly return a verdict that would have the effect of preventing the fearful spectacle of the sacrifice of the life of the wretched prisoner upon the scaffold. Baron Martin, in summing up the case to the jury, said he felt bound to tell them that if they believed the prisoner fired the pistol at deceased, and thus caused her death, his offence was murder, and there was not a- single circumstance in the evidence that would reduce it below that crime. The learned counsel, for the prisoner, he said, had made a most feeling address to them in his behalf, but this ought not to affect their judgment in coming to a decision. Everyone concerned in such an inquiry was bound by the rules of law, and it was in particular the duty of a jury to return a verdict upon the evidence alone, and totally independent of all other con- siderations. The jury were only in deliberation avetyfew minutes, and then, without leaving the box, they returned a ver- dict of" Guilty ofwilfl11 murder." Mr. Harker, the principal usher of the court, then made the usual proclamation for silence, and the formal question was put' to the prisoner whether he bad any- thing to urge why sentence of death should not'ba passed upon him. The prisoner made no reply. Baron Martin, having put on the black cap, proceeded to pass sentBllce.- He said that the prisoner had been convicted upon the most irresistible evidence of this murder, and it seemed to him utterly impossible that the jury could have come to any other conclusion. It was proved, as clearly as such a fact could be, that he had fired the. pistol at this unhappy young woman, and had thus caused her death. It was not his province, and he had no desire, to say anything to harass his feelings; but he must entreat him to prepare for what would inevitably happen, as he could see nothing whatever in the ca'e to pievent the law from taking effect. Every opportunity for religious consola- tion would be afforded him to prepare himself, and all that remained to be done was to pass upon him the sen- tence, in the terms of the law, which was awarded by the law, for the crime of which he had been found guilty. His lordship then passed sentence of death in the usual form. The prisoner did not seem at all affected at the result of tha. trial. When the learned judge had concluded he made a slight inclination of the head, and then walked quickly away from the bar.
REPRIEVE OF MRS. MLLACIILAN. On Monday night, shortly before twelve o'clock, the Lord Provost-who had previously made re- quest at the Post-office, that, if any official letter should arrive addressed to him, it might be for- warded without delay-received the subjoined com- munication from Sir George Grey,, the Home Secre- tary "Whitehall, 28th October, 1862. —My Lord,-l am to signify to you the Queen's commands that the execution of the sentence of death passed upon Jessie Macintosh or M'Lachlan, now in Glasgow gaol, be respited until further signification of her Majesty's pleasure. I have the honour to be, &c.— (.signed)—G-. GBET." This letter is couched in, the usual form which; always precludes a. commutation of sentence. It was not posted from London, but- from the nearest: post-town to Falladen-the seat of Sir George Grey. in Northumberland, where he is now living. Imme- diately upon its receipt, the Lord Provost hastened; to the prison to communicate the intelligence to the convict. Of course, at that hour, the officials were asleep; and some delay was thus occasioned. The unfortunate woman was also slumbering, and had to. be aroused in order to hear the. gratifying tidings. His lordship broke them to her in the kindest man- ner. At first she seemed "dazed "and "abaaat," and even after the most explicit repetition of what the letter imported, she put the anxious inquiry, And is there naething to be done on Saturday t Reassured as to that, she then seemed penetrated by a much deeper and more lively sense of gratitude than she evinced when the former respite was an- nounced to her. The ulterior determination as to her fate may not be known for a. few days.
IiOrd Hastings and a large party of gentiamen were shooting partridges the other day over his Lord- ship's estate at Hindolvestone, Norfolk, and, when the day's sport was over, the keepers and beaters, with their guns,,&cM got into the. shooting van. Thlr.Sheningllilm had two double-barrelled guns lodged against his knees, loaded and on cock, and by the jar of the valli three barrels out of the fonr exploded. The contents of one of them struck hiia in the face, completely taking off Ms nose. At Marlborough-street Pbliee-cour-t, on Saturday, a case was asked for on behalf of Mr, Bab- bage, in order that the question-relative to the organ grinder, which was: decided against Mr. Bfibbage,, might be tried in the Court of Qttswate- Bench, which was granted.
THE BANK OF ENGLAND FORGERIES. A respectably-dressed young man, named Richard Beaver, and described as a mould maker, was brought before the Lord Mayor, at the Mansion- house, London, upon a charge of being concerned, with others now in custody, in forging and uttering certain papers, printed on Bank paper, purporting to be Bank of England notes, with intent to defraud the governor and directors of the Bank of England. Mr. Frcshfield, the solicitor to the Bank, appeared to prosecute; and Mr. Lewis attended on behalf of the prisoner. Mr. Freshneld said his lordship would remember that there had been already four parties brought before him and examined upon the same charge. There was one still in custody at Birmingham, making five, and the prisoner, Richard Beaver, who was then before him, made the sixth. The prisoner was employed at Messrs. Portal's manufactory, and had charge of the moulds by which "the" marks were made in the Bank paper. He was apprehended upon the charge of being con- nected with the others already in custody, and upon a future day he had no doubt he would be able to produce the necessary evidence. He proposed that the prisoner should be remanded, and be examined when the others already in custody were brought up, and he was sure Mr. Lewis,, who he was informed appeared on behalf of the prisoner, would see the propriety of not going fully into the evidence until all the prisoners were brought up together. Mr. Lewis said he should not oppose Mr. Fresh- field's proposition, and he thought, it would rather damage his client if the evidence were gone into. He agreed with him also that the case should be gone into at one time, and not in parts. Thos. Leaper, sergeant in the Hants constabulary, said he had been engaged in the investigations con- cerning the robbery of Bank paper in July last. He had received information, which he believed to be true, that the prisoner, Richard Beaver, was con- cerned in the forgery of Bank notes and Bank paper. In answer to Mr. Lewis, he said he apprehended the prisoner at his usual place of business on Messrs. Portal's premises. The prisoner was then remanded.
A FEMALE BURGLAR. The Court of Assizes of the Seine was, engaged on Wednesday with the trial of a young woman, aged 18, named Marie Pillant, charged with robbing her master, M. Courtier, a butcher, residing in the Faubourg St. Martia. On the 16th July last Mme. Courtier went to Neuilly to spend some days, and on the 20th, after business hours, her husband went to see her, telling the servant that he should not return until late at night. The girl, taking advan- tage of being left alone, provided herself with a hand-saw, a knife, and other instruments, and, going into her master's room, lifted off the marble from a chest of drawers, and cut a hole in the wood be- neath, so as to enable her to introduce her hand and push back the lock of the drawer, from which she took a sum of 2,500f., a pair of handsome ear-rings, two gold chains, and a purse. She afterwards opened different cupboards, from which she took twelve large silver spoons and as many forks, several dresses, shawls, and a quantity of linen. Having packed up the various articles in a bundle, she put on one of her mistress's bonnets, and went down to the porter, saying she was going to Neuilly to carry the things to her mistress, who had sent for them. She then got into a coach and drove to a furnished lodging-house, where she gave the name of Irma Dubois. On the return of M. Courtier, some hours after, he discovered what had taken place and gave information to the police. The prisoner, the day following, went to Havre with a young man, and stopped there for several days, she paying all the expenses, and on her return formed an acquaintance with another young man, and led such an expensive life that the master of the house, suspecting something wrong, gave information to the commissary of police, and she was arrested. On searching her room, many of the articles belonging to M. Courtier were found, but none of the money. On being interrogated, she, after some hesitation, confessed the robbery, but denied that she had taken more than 800f. The falsity of this statement was, however, proved by the fact that her journey to Havre alone had cost her more than 500f. The jury having found her guilty, but with extenuating cir- cumstances, she was condemned to four years' im- prisonment.
INTERNATIONAL EXHIBISIQS. +- The Closing Day. The InternationalExhibition was brought to acloae on Saturday. There was nothing in the earlier part of the day to indicate anything of the close of the Exhibition. There were no preparations for any great or imposing: ceremony. The nave was crowded with fashionable visitors, the picture galleries and the machinery annexe were well filled- by persons who were anxious to take a parting look at the pro- gress of art, and the latest achievements of mechan- ical science which were collected for their information and amusement. At three o'clock a large number of ladies and gentlemen, conducted by Mr. Lindon, the assistant secretary, made their way to the western dome, where they took up a position on and around the dais, which had been used- at the opening cere- mony on the 1st of* May. They were the members of the Sacred Harmonic Society, who, under the direction of the indefatigable Mr. Bowley and Mr. Brownsmith, had undertaken to sing the National Anthem, as the winding up portion of the Exhibition. As the clock struck four all the organs in the build- ing pealed forth the well-known notes of the National Anthem. The organs of Mr. Walker and Mr. Hedgeland in the west gallery were unaccompanied by instrumental performers. Dr. Chipp, who pre- sided at the organ of Messrs. Foster and Adams, in the east transept, was accompanied by Distin's silver sestett band. Their joint per- formance was highly successful, the combination of the metallic sounds of the brass instruments with the sonorous roll of the organ was very effective, and was highly applauded. After the National Anthem the performers repeated the Wedding March," cilia a "Itifle Gallup," Mr. TL mstln sound- ing the solo calls, which reverberated again and again to- the deliaht of the assBmi«u,i -Ll j.u"nls> part of the building'. In the eastern portion the organ was accompanied by the voices of about four hundred male and female singers, but the choral parts were joined in by many hundreds besides in various parts of the building. When the anthem was concluded, there was an unanimous encore, which, after a short delay, was complied with. This was followed by calls not less general for the Partant pour la Syrie" of France, and this, too, was complied with. Scarcely had its echoes died away in the building, when there were loud and sustained calls for "Rule Britannia." To this request the members of the society kindly lent an indulgent ear, and for the last time their voices rang through the building to the inspiriting notes of the well-lmown air. Then followed cheer upon cheer there was waving of hats and handkerchiefs, and shouts of hip, hip, hip, and hurrah, repeated over and over again, till every column and every girder seemed to have a tongue, and to join in the general acclaim of jubilant voices. Slowly the living mass that thronged the nave and darkened the aisles, and crowded the galleries, moved on towards the door of exit. It was a tedious process, that of closing the building, for the crowd looked and lingered, and still looked and lingered, until darkness gradually came over the vast pile, and here and there small jets of gas served but to make the, darkness still more manifest. The frightful discord of all the great bells went clanging on, and hundreds still remained even at the peril of deafness for a lifetime, and were deaf to all the entreaties of "Move on," uttered by despairing policemen. At length* and by slow degrees, the crowd became less, and a cordon of police was formed in its rear, which gradually drove the unwilling flock before it. In the, gallery at the angle of the eastern dome a select party bad remained quietly and unobserved hoping to see, the "last man" leave the building. A light division was; at once detached from the main body of police to drive the reserves from their position, and at last, at ten minutes to six o'clock, the last visitor had left the Exhibition of 18&2, and the police remained steady and unbroken—rank and file-at the eastern doors—the crowd in full retreat, or rather in pursuit of cabs aad omnibuses. The police were once more marshalled bv Mr. Durkin and his inspectors at the central traneept^ their day's, reports were handed in, the roll was called, the word of command was given, and these staid and silent protectors of property broke from their stations, and, like schoolboys released from the drudgery of their studies, they ran, and jumped, and shouted and hurrahed with joy that the last day of their monotonous duties at the Exhibition had come and gone. There was an unusually large number of sales effected during the day, the majority of those present being- anxious to take the earliest opportunity of ob- taining some memorial or souvenir of the great under- taking. The Costellani jewels, the Salviati mosaics, many of the minor but artistic specimens shown, by Mr. Hancock, the engraved crystal jewels of Mr. Lambert, the beautiful jewellery of Messrs. London and Ryder, the ceramic works of Messrs Copeland, Minton, Rose, and Daniel; tire glass of Messrs. Dobson and Pearce, Pellatt and Philips, foundnot only admirers but customers. Mr. Naylor had placed in his stand a very elegant set of glass cups, the orna- ments of which consist of the Nelson, the Burns, and the Scott monuments* and these were purchased almost as soon as. they were exhibited. An enor- mous dema-nd has sprung up, too, for stereoscopic memorials, and the pictures of the Reading Girl," Monti's w Sleep of Sorrow," and Gibson's- "Venus," were greatly in request. We understand that Mr. Story, the sculptor of the magnificent figures of the Cleopatra and the "Sybil," has at length given permission to the Stereoscopic Company to take views of those statues, and. only stipulates that if any view,sare taken they shall be submitted. to his. approval previous to their publicationj. with the view of pR%- .vexing inferior copies of lllisr worles- feeing Qshibited to the public. A very interesting group has just been printed by the Stereoscopic Company, repre- senting Prince Napoleon and the Princess Clothilde, Sir C. W. Dilke, Bart., and a number of the French commissioners and suite in the French court. The Gobelin tapestry forms the background, and the portraits of all the persons in the group are well in focus. The entrances to the picture galleries and the machinery annexe are boarded up, and will not again be open to the public. The fourteen days, during which the building is open for sales, contain a sufficiently large quantity of works to render the exhibition interesting, and tempting to visitors. Some of the ex- hibitors have announced their intention of at once removing their goods, but the great bulk will remain for some days longer. With scarcely an exception, all the exhibitors in the glass, ceramic, furniture, and precious metals courts will remain. The eastern annexe is open to the public, and a quantity of small articles, such as those formed of the spars of Mat- lock, and other places in Derbyshire, and the vases and cups and tazzas made by Mr. Tym, from the fluoric spar, which every visitor to the Peak district must, have admired, will be on sale. The admission during the fortnight is half-a-erown. The number of visitors present on the last day of the great undertaking considerably exceeded that of any previous half-crown day, the total being 36,2581 Of this number not less than 16,434 were holders 06 season tickets,the remainder 19,824 were admitted on payment of half-a-crown. Although the total numbers were very much larger than on any previooS high price days, the receipts were not more than they have been upon several ordinary days. The total number of visitors from the 1st of May to the 11th of October—which was the date of closing the Exhibition of 1851—was 5,313,494, the number foe the 1851 Exhibition during the same period being 6,039,195, showing for the 141 days of both Ein- hibitions a deficiency as against that of the present year of 725,701. There have been, however, three additional weeks added on to the present Exhibition, which have brought the totals up to a higher figure than those of 1851, as will be seen by the following returns Total number in 1851, to closing day, 0,030,195 Number to 11th of October of present Exhibition 5,313,494 Week ending 18th Oct. 244,039 „ 25th Oct. 240,066 „ „ 1st Nov. 319,041 ———— 6,116,640 Majority in favour of present Exhibition 77,445 It will, of course, be understood that the present Exhibition has lasted three weeks longer than its predecessor, but the result of that prolongation of its existence has been to convert a deficiency öoÍ 725,701 into a surplus of 77,445. There yet remains the fortnight of sales, and the grand closing cere- mony, and these, though they may not add so greatly to the numbers as ordinary shilling days, will still have an important effect upon the financial prospects of the undertaking.
DETERMINED ATTEMPT AT CHILD MURDER. On Saturday afternoon, between three and fotur o'clock, a desperate attempt at child murder was coni- mitted at Hereford by a middle-aged tramping woman, who gives the name of Caroline Eddy, and represent$ that she belongs to Bath,, where her haaband is confined in a lunatic asylum. She entered Hereford in the morning with four children, the eldest a youth of fifteen, and the youngest, whose lifa she attempted to tabe,.a. boy about fifteen months oM. Turnirg out of Wiclemarsh-street, a main thorough- fare, the woman proceeded a short distance along Biackfriars-street, a road leading to the cattle market: and in which there are only two or three houses,- At this time she had with her only the infant. A lady, residing at the entrance to this, street^ noticed the woman doing something to the child, and heard a staflecf moan proceed from it. She immediately called the at- up, and the child was fouad'to be quite black in the face, with its tongue protruding from the mouth. At first the cf-aaa was not discovered, but on the child's head being thrown back it wa seen that a doubled piece of strong string was tied round the neck so tightly as to be almost concealed by the flesh. It could indeed scarcely be cut away without the knife that was used being buried deeply in the flesh; and had not the act of tha woman been very timely discovered and very prompt assistance rendered, the life of the child must soon have been sacrificed. It recovered after the card was cut from the neck, but appeared suffering much from tha strangling, With the other children, the infant was taken to the workhouse, and the mother apprehended. She was sub- sequently examined before Mr. Da-vies, a city magistrate, and remanded. She appears quite sane, and says nothing beyond alleging destitution as the cause- of the act. The eldest boy very rationally said to his mother, II Oh,. mother, why did you do this ? You know this could do no good."
The" Vieniia Gazette" of the 29th October; announces that in consequence of recent events in Greece, the Emperor has ordered the immediate departure of an Austrian naval squadron for the Archipelago. It will consist of the frigate No vara, the corvette Archduke Frederick, and two gunboats of the first class. This squadron, placed under the orders of Captain Baron de Pock, has the mission of protecting Austrian commerce and subjects in Greece. Attack on a Funeral Procession. —After the rebel cavalry left Chambsrsburg on their way to Gettys- burg, when about twelve miles distant from the former place, th&y met a large funeral procession, which they ordered to come to a halt. Dismounting from their own horses,. they selected 43 of the best horses in the., proce&- eion, and amongst them the horses attached to the hearse. No violence was used; but, on the contrary, the greatest politeness was displayed towards the surprised, mourners* At length one of the funeral escort demanded to know by whose orders their horses were thus taken. The reply was, By order of General M'Clellan they are wanted for the, army." As soon as the funeral, horses were properly secured by their captors they pursued them way to the Potomac, leaving the afflicted friends to find their way with the corpse to the place of burial as they beat: might. The, following. address has, been sent to General Garibaldi from the Trades Garibaldian Demonstration CciatiiitteeDear and honoured General,—The comr mittee of the Trades Garifealdian Demonstration, a body of working;'men,, being officers and members of London trades societies, numbering about 100,000 skilled artisans, dasira to convey ta you the expression of their deep sym- pathy with your present bodily and mental suffering^ a suffering that must be rendered more acute by the knowledge that the bullet which has laid you wounded on a bed of pain and sickness was a fratricidal one, di- rected against you by the order of a so-called Italian ministry, but who in reality were the instruments of a foreign ruler, to remove whose unrighteous grasp from that fair city which ought to be, and ultimately will be, the capital of a free Italy, you were devoting your energies aad risking your valuable life, that you migjit add another jewel to the crown of that king to whom you have already presented two kingdoms, won by your- self and your brave comrades from a corrupt and odious Government, whose existence was a blot upon civilisation. The working men of London know you to be the friend of, and beloved by, their Italian bretbreu-t-he producers of their country's.wealih— and they long for the, time when, Providence permitting, you will be. able to come amongst them, that they may prove to you personally how much. they acmite your nobleness of character, your social virtues, and yÔur puce and disia- terested patriotism. When that day, shall arrive you will receive the unbought homage of hundreds of thou- sands of England's workmen,, who, in common with all classes ot their fellow-countrymen, will deem that moment to be a proud on.o.. in their lives when they will thus, be enabled publicly and before the world to express their admiration of Italy's noblest son,, hero, and patriot. That; this hour may speedily arrive, and that your valuable life may yet be spared to see your fondest hopes realiSed- VemcQ liberated from Austrian rule, and Rome, r 6f afree, freedfllGm French bayonets, become the capital ef a-free, united, audi constitutional Italy—is the sincere, and earnest prayer of the,working men of Lono.pn. The address is signed by the secr«ta*gj. 041 bahgif of. tfcs cosi- 'miUjeat-.
GREECE. None of the Greek journals have eometohand, but the following letters, written in the term of a diary,, give de- tails of late events:- Athens, Oct. 23, eight a.m.—The morning before last we received the exciting news that the whole of Acar. nama, a jd the. countries adjoining the Gulf of Corinth— in a word, almost the whole of the country- had raised the standard of insurrection. The shops- were at once- closed, and every one collected in the streets to, watch the progress of events. The Government, the legations, in short, every one heard on the following day that the in- surrection would commence at Athens in the evening at eight o'clock, and at the hour fixed reports of muskets were heard in every part' of the City, until about ten, not, however, for the purpose of attack, but of rejoicing. There was then a moment of calm, and some persons might have imagined that the movement was not serious. Such, however, was not the case, for pre- parations were then being made for going further. The place of rendezvous, was the open space, since called Liberty-square. The. battalion of military firemen ware the first to arrive, and afterwards came the cavalry, the artillery, and the line, the- whole amounting, with the people who had collected, to about 4,000 m-Rn. At day- break this body of insurgents, headed by Commandant Papadianaandopo.ulos, marched into the Univeriity- squaie, close to the Chamber ef Deputies. It afterwards went to tiffe square near the Palace, and then returned to University-square, and there the following decree was read ATHENS. OCT. 22: The misfortunes of the country have ceased. The provinces and the capital having come to an understanding, have put an end to our state of misrule. By the common decision of the Greek people, there have been decided and decreed:—The depo- sition of Iiing Otlio the fall of the Regency of Queen Amelia. A Provisional Government is composed in the following manner in order to direct the affairs of the country until the meeting of a National AssemblyDemetri Vulgaris, President; Constanta" panaris, and Beaiztfta- Koafos. A National Assembly will be immediately convoked to tJrair up a Constitution .d elect .a King. Long live the nation 1 Long live the country!' A few persons were accidentally wcran-fled, tmd 0" darme killed-those are the only casualties attendant on the revelation, which, it will be seen, has not been a very terrible one. It could not have been otheiwisej for all were of the same mind. The gondafmery did not join the people until the revolution had been accomplished, but theyrefra-iced from resistance, and those who were on duty at the Palace only fired a few shots in the air for form's sake." 23rd, ten o'clock p.m,—Admiral Canaris has given in his resignation as member of the Provisional Govern- ment. M. Roufos, who-is. at the, head of the movement- at Patras, has not yet arrived at Athens, so that M., Bulgaria governs alone. He has formed a Ministry. The people are waiting for a proclamation from, the Government, and the city is illuminated. During the whole day bands of armed- men-have patrolled the streets, and are- still doing so. Muskets are still fired from time to time by way of rejoicing. Some ew lamps have been broken; the Royal garden hasbien laid waste, and acme of the-Palace windows smashed; All, or almost all, the persons attached to the personal service of the ex-King have-fled.. No one was either molested or eyen insulted, except the Grand Mistress, the Baroness de Plnscow. She was well knowa to have exercised great influence over the Qaeen, which reacted on the King, and also to be devoted to Austrian, policy. She-could not escape the sarcasms of the people who met her in her flight, but that was all she met with." 24th. —The departure of the Ning has jast beea. announced. M. Kalifrounas, Minister of Marine, went to 'signify to his Majesty the fall of his dynasty from the throne of Greece. The King is said to have assured the Minister that he was ready to accord to the people all they asked for, when the latter replied in the well-known phrase—' It is too late!' The King. protested, but the foreign Ministers are. said to have advised him to leave. All the Government officials are at their post." The following proclamation was then issued by the Provisional Government:— "Eellow Citizens!—A system of policy which debased, the national dignity, and a system of Government which trampled under foot the respect due to the laws of the State and the consciences of citizens, must naturally excite against it the convictions of the Greek nation, and irapel it to revolt. It is in consequence of such a state of things that at first a few, and afterwards all the other provinces, rose, to put down the existing power a.nd, supported by the noble and [generous army, established new authorities. "Tiie same want& and the- same- wishes have now raised the population,of the capital, who, equalling the patriotism of the provinces, have called for the over- throw of; the previously established state of things. The troops, who h !tYe remained the intisxible and faithful guardians* of thff duty confided to them by the nation, and to, their oaih: te support the, laws, aad worthy the name of a Greek army, have supported the undertaking- of the people, and by common accord the established state of things has been overthrown, and the paop.e have proclaimed the downfall' of him who sat on the throne of Greece. They have also declared the downfall of the= rights of hia"wife to the Regency. A Provisional G-ovBmment has bean esta)bliahed,,camposedof Damitri Bulgaris,, President; Censfcantin Canaris, and Beaizeio Roufos. The misaion which, the: new Government has received from. the people and from the army consists in preserving the constitutional monarchical Government, and to always profess,, in an unchangeable manner, the grati- tude of Greece towards the three protecting Powers; to always keep a-p. friendly relations with the other States, and to eonyokej withwt; delay, the National Assembly, observing during the-interval order and tranquillity, and maintaining the laws-of the country. "We wilt, feHww citizens, fulfil that duty with exacti- tude and fidelity. Weare ready "to deposit the power into tlke, h ands, of, tka National Assembly which will be convoked". But, in erderthat the great sacred work may be realised,, it is- necessary that the patriotism of all be maintained in its fall fores. It is to your patriotism therefore that we aftress onraelves for that work, and we hope from you, not only order and tranquillity, but also that abnegation which always characterised the Gre>3k nation in the1 CTit'cal nJoments of the past. It is thus that we hope that the powerful hand of the Al- mighty, who has never abandoned the country, will protect our feeble but sincere efforts, and that he will bless this work by strengthening the new order of things for the glory ot' the Hell%»ic n^me."—(Signed by the President itHl the MmistersiV'