A PLEA FOR THE SHirWRECKED SAILOR. The approach of winter has been heralded by gales of terrible and awful force. Even yet, although the worst is over, the last of this equinoctial tornado howls about our ears. Toot-passengers hurry along with one hand grasping an-inverted umbrella, and one grappling the. unhappy head-piece which it is the fashion of the day to W3ar. The air is full of whirling leaves, the mouth and eyes of dust; casements rattle, doors bang, and uncom- fortable landsmen remark to each other that "it is a disagreeable wind." But if we shrink fiom it on shore, what are its effects at sea! We know enough already to be certain that this storm will charge the wreck- chart with scores of those black crosses, which signify destruction of costly property and loss of brave lives. We may have to learn of awful andwholesale dsasters, noble ships strewing the rocks with their timbers,^nd gallant seamen perishing by crews in the bitter flights of last week. Even her Majesty the Queen, for the first time in her life, had been prevented, by the fury of the storm, from crossing the ocean; for these storms, as Shakespeare says, "care not for the name of a king." Oar shores have, as usual, been strewn with wrecks. It is supposed that nearly 200 vessels "have come to grief on these disastrous occasions, and that some scores of valuable lives have perished from them. If, from these dreadful details, we turn to the serrices rendered by our lifeboats, we see the only consolation which such havoc can afford. We read that at Lytharn, on the morning of the 20th Oct., notice was given that a ship was on the most dangerous part of the Horse Bank. With all possible speed the lifeboat of the National Life- boat Institution was launched and towed to windward by the Loch Lomond steamer. Cast off by the steamer, the lifeboat struggled through a tremendous heavy sea of broken water. Thrice was she filled, but quickly self ejected the water thus shipped, The hearts- cf-oak that manned her were not to be dismayed, and with magnificent hardihood the crew struggled on until they reached the ship, and rescued thirteen of the crew and a Liverpool pilot who was on board. The ship was the Annie E. Hooper, of Baltimore, U.S. When the lifeboat had rescued these men, the' rope by which she held to the vessel parted, and she could do no more but another lifeboat, belonging to the National Institution, came up and took off the captain and the remaining three men. Thus the whole crew were saved; and the report goes on to say thac" nobler lifeboat services have seldom been performed." Again on Sunday last the Lytham lifeboat was instrumental in saving, under great difficulty, the schooner Ores, of Arbroath, and her crew of five men from destruction. The vessel attempted to come into Lytbam, but, being a stranger, had been unable to make out the buoys, and had run on the Horse Bank, when the lifeboat immediately put off, and succeeded in getting the vessel off and beaching her in a place of safety. Now let us go to Thorpe, Suffolk. There, at midnight, onthe20tb Oct., tke crew of the Ipswich lifeboat, be- longing to the National Institution, and stationed at Thorpe, discovered a vessel on the shoal. She was the barque Henry Everest, of Rochester. It was blowing a strong gale from the S.W., with a tremendous surf on the beach. The lifeboat men were soon at their post, although the darkness of the night and the tempest were enough to appall any man. Life wa9 in distress, and, with a promptitude and courage worthy of the great cause they serve, the lifeboat's crew, after encountering great difficulty in launching the lifeboat through the heavy surf, pushed off to the wreck, and took off the crew of four men. She had hardly brought them ashore crew of four men. She had hardly brought them ashore when a messenger came to say that another vessel was. on Lizewell Bank. At once she took the water again, and was neariug the wreck, when she found that the gallant crew of a, French lugger had rescued the ship- wrecked crew. If the empire of the sea is an Englishman's glory, he pays nobly and dearly for it. But in no case is the saying, that Peace has her victories no less renowned than those in war, more applicable than in those victories which our hardy seamen achieve when they man the lifeboat. Then, to turn these victories to good account, let us ask our readers whether those who "sit at home at ease," and are not bound by their avocations to tempt "the dangers of the deep," can perform any act more patriotic or more iRimare than by subscribing to the funds of that noble establishment, the National Lifeboat Institution. At this stormy season of the year the demand on its funds are unusually heavy. We trust that the appeal for help will be liberally responded to by tlie British public. We will only add that, during the past two years and a half, the lifeboats of the Society have saved nearly 800 lives from different wrecks, and that it has now 123 lifeboats under its management, requiring continual heavy outlays to keep them in a state of efficiency. Contributions are received by all the bankers in the Kingdom, and by Richard Lewis, Esq., Secretary of the Institution, at its office, 14, John-street, Adelphi.
THE ARTS, LITERATURE, &c, --+-- A SPLENDID work, called "Das Griine Gewolbe von Dresden (" The Green Vault of Dresden ":—the cele- brated collection of works of art deposited in the Royal Saxon Treasury during the last hundred and fifty y^ars has appeared. It contains engravings of the choicest objects of the collection, after drawings by R. Seidemann and E. Mohn, with explanatory notes by Major von Landsberg. Professor Grtiner is the editor. The work is not only intended to be a splendid show-book, but also to be of some practical use to artists in general, and to workers in precious metals and stones in par- ticular. THE statue of George 1. has disappeared from the centre of the Great Globe, where it was supposed to reside during the time that locality was an exhibition. It is to be hoped it will come to light in due season. MB. KINGLAKE'S History of the Crimean War has changed publishers before it has reached the public.. After being advertised" for several years by Murray, it is now undertaken by Blackwood. It is understood that some difference of opinion between the; au thor and Mr. Murray, as to the extent of the disclosures with regard to the secret history of the war, has been the reason of this step. LA MOTJCHE AU COCHE is the latest cut at England in Charivari. It is a parody on the well-known fable of Lafontaine, and represents a heavily-laden waggon ascending a hill. Representatives of Russia, Prussia, Austria, France, America, and Piedmont are seen vigorously pushing at the wheels of the waggon. The packages" on the waggon are marked as the Eastern, Italian, and American questions. Gently alighting on one of these is Albion the perfide. There are the helmet, trident, and protruding teeth (which, in our Gallic friends' belief, are peculiar to all the English); the figure is also winged. It is the famous fly of the fable. Hyde Park meetings is inscribed close to it. AIR, J. F. BARNETT has completed an Oratorio on the story of Lazarus," of which favourable mention has been made by those who have seen and heard portions or it. MR. J. ALFRED NOVEIXO is advocating a law of copyright, by which any author who first publishes a book in England shall be entitled to copyright therein for fifty years. GARIBALDI has composed a sonnet, which will shortly be published. OTTO DrJoN, of Monteton, is writing a religious novel, called Man Liveth not by Bread alone." THE French Jews' paper, called La Veriie Israelite, will shortly cease to appear. It has been edited by M. Cohen, now editor of La France. THE fine old Church of St. Bartholcmew-the-Less, Smithfield, so well known for its magnificent proportions and for its historical associations, is being restored. Mullioned windows have taken the place of the old wooden frames, and a perfect restoration of the interior will be effected. Beyond repairs, the exterior will not be touched. St. Ethelburga's, Bishopsgate-street, is also being restored. Northfleet Church, which is one of the finest churches in Kent, is being restored by Mr. Goodwin. A NEW stained-glass window, designed by M. Fostner, of Munich, has been placed in Glasgow Cathedral. This is a triplet, having, in the middle light, an angel hover- ing over a group representing a Christian family, in- tended to illustrate the text, "Suffer little children to come unto me." The background comprises a view of the cathedral itself. In the subordinate lights, a negro woman and a Red Indian woman present their children, as for a share of the benediction. THE fourth part of the Catalogue of the Loan Collec- tion at South Kensington has been published: a fifth part completes the issue, and is to appear in a few days. The fourth part comprises Majolica Ware, with an Intro- duction by Mr. Robinson; Decorative Plate of English and of Foreign Origin, Damascened Work, Locks, Keys, and other objects in wrought iron, Antique and other engraved Gems, with an Introduction by Mr. Robinson; Miscellaneous Obj act s. MICROSCOPIC BILLETS-DOUX.—The sweethearts of Fatherland are being made happy by the production of miniature stereoscopic portraits, no larger than a pin's head, though rendering the features of the beloved object with all the accuracy of the ordinary cartes de visile. To complete the utility of the invention in this line of art, love-Iettersdcay be prepared, in which an in- expressive blot upon a blank sheet of paper can contain untold words of affection. MR. MITCHELL, the publisher, -of Bond-street, has just issued an engraved portrait of H.R.H. the Prince Con- sort, 1861. It has beeH engraved by Holl from a coloured drawing by Mr. Corbould, made at Osborne in the early part of the present year. The work was intended for private circulation, but the Queen has been graciously pleased to pprm4 ths publication, and also to grant permission that it shall be dedicated to her Majesty. It is a small full-length portrait, but of such high artistic finish, so admirable a likeness, and natural as to the repose of the figure, that it is fitted for handsome fr&ming, and will, doubtless, prove most acceptable as tha best and most thoroughly artistic likeness that has been published cf his Royal Highness at the period re- ferred to. —
THE COUKT. HER MAJESTY the Queen, with the junior members of the Royal family, are at Osborne, and will remain in comparative seclusion until Friday, the 14th inst., on which day it is the Queen's intention to proceed to Windsor Castle, where active preparatians are being made for her reception. In consequence the State apart- ments have been closed to the public. The Court will remain at Windsor Castle for a fortnight, when the Queen will return to Osborne; but it is not yet decided that her Majesty will spend her Christmas at Windsor. It is not expected that her Majesty will appear in public until after the close of the year. IT is thought that the first public act of her Majesty, after the year's mourning, will be the opening of Parlia- ment in person. This riimour tends to the belief that the Houses will meet at an early date next year. HER Royal Highness the Duchess ol Cambridge and the Princess Mary continue in Adelaide-crescent, Brighton, and are in the enjoyment of excellent health. The Royal party take carriage aitings daily on the cliffs and the drives in the immediate vicinity of the town. On Monday the Royal Duchess and her illustrious daughter honoured a guitar recital with their presence at the Pavilion. They were accompanied by Colonel Purves and Lady Geraldine Somerset. His Imperial Highness Prince Napoleon and Princess Clothilde, attended by their suite, visited Windsor on Friday afternoon, and went over the Stite and private apartments of the Castle. Their Imperial Highnesses afterwards inspected the Royal Gardens and the Princa Consort's Model Farm at Frogmore. Returning to Windsor, they were ushered over the Chapel Royal of St. George by Mr. Wise, who explained to them the various objects of interest in that noble edifice. The illustrious party afterwards returned to town by the Great Western Railway. WHEN WILL THE PRINCE OF WALES ATTAIN HIS MAJORITY ?—The popular answer to this question is, on the ninth of November; but this is an error. The Prince was born November 9, 1841; and, as there cannot be twenty-two ninths of November in twenty-one years, he will be of age on the eighth; for on the ninth he will be twenty-one years and a day. We can cite a case in proof within our own knowledge -In the month of June, 1829, there was an election of a member to serve in Parliament for the University of Cambridge. The poll was taken on the 16th, 17th, and 18th of that month. On the last day of the poll the present Earl of Abingdon, then Lord Norreys, tendered his vote, which was objected to by the opposite committee on the ground that, as he was born on the 19th of June, 1808, he was a minor. The case was argued before the Vice-Chancellor of the University and his legal assessor, and Lord Norreys' vote was received on reasons similar to those we have given. THE Royal yacht Victoria and Albert,' Captain Seymour, C.B., will sail from Portsmouth for Antwerp in about a fortnight, to convey the Prince and Princess Louis of Hesse, and the Princess Alexandra, of Den- mark, on a visit to her Majesty, at Osborne Hoase. It is stated that the Princess Alexandra will be accompanied bv her Royal parents. IT is said that certain advertisement. offering to introduce ladies to Court, have met the eye of the authorities, and the lady advertiser has been discovered. It is needless to say she will have more than a hint if an attempt is made next year to introduce her protegees so commercially made.
LETTER FROM GENERAL NEAL DOW. Brigadier-General Neal Dow,in a letter to the secre- tary of the Alliance, Mr. T. IT. Barker, writes as fol- lows — Headquarters, Fort St. Philip, September 28:—The war drags its slow length along, and must continue to do so until our Government adopts a policy. At present it seems to be entirely afloat, drifting with every wind and current. The rebels are terribly n earnest, and exhaust their strength and resources in mighty effort, while our Government has yet to make up its mind fully to-anything. It has yet to adopt some plan, some system, Acme policy. That will rome in time; and perhaps it is better that the war should linger in this way, and go on with various fortune, that the Northern mind may be firmly made up on the subject of slavery. For myself, I believe this dreadful war is a con- troversy that God has with this nation on account of its great sin—slavery and he will not permit us to have peace until we repent of that sin and forsake it. Our people are beginning to see the matter in that light, and public opinion has made great progress in the right direction during the last year, as the acts of our congress prove. As to the institution of slavery, it is virtually overthrown already—indeed it is literally so, everywhere within our military lines. The slaves think themselves free; and will not work for their masters unless they choose to do so, and unless they are paid. Many masters now pay their slaves, some" 10 dols., some 12 dols., a-month; and some stipulate to give them one-third of their entire crop for their labour in saving it. The slaves leave their masters as they please, and go away without fear; nor have they the least fear for the old despotism. I have now about 600 of them at these forts, constantly em- ployed in Government service, and they have no fear at any time to go back to the plantation to get their things. They have no fear of their masters, nor of the laws of Louisiana. They rightly judge that these latter are no longer of any account. Some time ago I went into a large village, and hearing that a loyal man was confined in the gaol, I went to it, and made the keeper exhibit his list of 'prisoners. Among them were many slaves, who were committed for 'safe keeping,' and three whites on a charge of murder. I demanded to see the slaves, and was taken into a large airy room, .occu- pied by the alleged murderers. In the floor of this apartment was a trap-door, which the keeper raised, bidding the slaves come up, which they did. The effluvium coming up from the den below was so offensive that my officers could not endure it. After a little I looked down into the hole, and found it a wretched place, with only two small heavily-grated windows for light and air. They were in confinement under the! aws of Louisiana, but I bade them go, and they went! This was trampling those laws underfoot, and the slaves all understand since that time that they are no longer in bondage by the law, for the slave laws are null. Many plantations are abandoned by their owners, and I am taking possession of them. Yesterday I sent an officer to a great establish- ment, the crops of which, now upon the ground, are 1,000 hogsheads of sugar, ibesides great quantities of other produce, worth in all over 100,000 dols. All the whites are gone, leaving 100 negroes behind, and my officer' to superintend the estate and secure the crops; and this week I shall take possession of two other great plantations in the same way and for the same purposes. In Louisiana, before the war, negroes sold for moi e money than in any other state, because the sugar-planters were making immense profits, and were continually ex- tending the cultivation of the cane. At present slaves are without value here, and there is no market for them whatever. The entire business of the State is destroyed, and vast numbers of men of princely fortunes before the war are beggars now. Their trade entirely stopped, and their last year's crops destroyed, or seized and appro- priated by the rebel Government, they are left without resource. The Confederate Government has already exhausted its resources of men and means, while the North has just begun to draw upon its own. It is true our expenditures of money have been, and now are, very great, but money was never more plentiful among us than now, and our Government stocks are above par in the market. There is to be no other solution to the question at issue between the North and the rebels; than the utter crushing out of the insurrection. It is not only a question of freedom and slavery, but of civil govern- ment and social order also; a!:d we are resolved—Heaven helping us—to establish the fact, now.doubted in Europe, that Iree governments are capable of that ours, in particular, is worth all the sacrifices we are making to preserve it."
-+-- New Method of Making Butter. This invention is the production of a lady of the name of Whitehead, who has for some time past turned her attention to the making of butter by the aid of filtration. The process is effected in the following ingenious and scientific manner. A piece of common calico cloth, two feet square, i3 spread upon an apparatus formed of a series of upright fibres of bass or broom cut to art even surface. The cream is placed upon the calico, and the centre of the apparatus (which has a hinge-joint in it) is then raised so as to form two inclined planes, which can be so regulated that the cream can rest upon them, with- out running down to their lower edges. In this position the watery particles of the cream become separated from the fatty ones, in the course of frcm two to four hours, and the residuum left upon the cloth will consist'of a concentrated mass resembling cream cheese, which is quite ready for the churning operation. One advantage of the arrangement above described is that the thinnest creams can be used, as the inclined planes can be made to suit the angle of repose of the cream in proportion to its thickness. Tho amount of filtering surface is about one superficial foot of calico to a quart of cream. i The churn consists of a rectilinear box oscillating upon trunnions and worked by a crank, which gives an alternate motion to a wooden connecting-rod, attached to a presser or piston which goes quite home to the end of the box at each stroke of the crank, and by the action of which the butter-milk is completely pressed out of the cream, and butter is made in less than three minutes. The piston works horizontally, and by the means of a series of inclined corrugated lines at each end of the churn, air cells are formed in the butter which thrust it from the end of the churn and force it over the piston in readiness to be carried back to the other end of the churn. In this way 51bs. of butter can be produced in a churn less than ten inches square; and from an ounce and a half to two ounces or more of butter can be obtained from a quart of cream than can be obtained by the ordinary mode of churning. One recommendation of the process is, that the butter can be thoroughly washed and pressed in the machine, so that it need never be touched by the hand. The specific gravity of the butter is also greatly increased by it, and consequently the butter will keep as long without any salt in it, as many of our fresh butters do which come to market with a portion of salt in them. It need hardly be remarked, that the increased weight obtained from every quart of cream by this process will make in the aggregate an increase of many tons in our London market alone; and that tbe cream obtained from 10 cows will yield as much butter to the farmer as he now gets from the cream of 11 cows, independently of the superior quality of the butter, and of its being pro- duced with certainty in so much shorter a space of time than that occupied "by the common mode, and with one tenth of the labour.
Flower Garden and Shrubberies. Chrysanthemums will now be approaching perfection in most places; therefore take every means to preserve their beauty as long as possible. For some of the very tenderest kinds of roses some protection will soon be necessary. Also get in, as previously recommended, the stock of briars for budding upon next year, for unless these are planted before spring they seldom furnish strong shoots for early budding. With weather like the present all new work should be pushed forward with vigour, and if the soil has been properly prepared by draining, where necessary, as should always be done before planting, there will be much fewer failures from planting evergreens now, even late as it is, than if the work is delayed until March. Where, however, the ground to be planted is of a harsh clayey nature, and in an unkind state at present, it will undoubtedly be better to defer planting until spring. Roll walks and lawns occasionally, so as to keep them firm and smooth. There will be comparatively little to be done in the flower garden at present, except sweeping and cleaning, and any spare time will be well spent in going over the stock of plants in pits for next season's use, removing every decaying leaf, and where the surface soil has got green, removing this and top-dressing with sandy loam. There is nothing so unfavourable to these plants at this season as darrp, therefore take every opportunity you can of admitting fresh air.—Gardener's Chronicle.
POLITICAL GOSSIP. A GENERAL ORDER has been issued from the Horse Guards, announcing that her Majesty has been graciously pleased to appoint General Sir John F. Burgoyno, G.C.B., to the Staff of the Army, as Inspector-General of En- gineers, in conjunction with his appointment as Inspector of Works. THE Duke of Newcastle has quite recovered from his recent indisposition. The noble duke returns.this week from Clumber-park, Notts, in order to dine with the Lord Mayor at the Guildhall. IT is said that when the Cabinet of the Tuileries com- plained -to that of St. James's of the aid sent out to Garibaldi when in Sicily, by his English friends, Lord Palmerston replied that he could not prevent the sending out of private assistance to Garibaldi any more than the sending of several millions to the Pope. It is currently reported that the Marquis de Moustier, Ambassador at Constantinople, is to be the successor of, M. de Flahault in London. It is announced that Lord Augustus Loftus, British < Minister at the Court of, Berlin, will be recalled, as the Government intends to replace his lordship by an older diplomatist, who will be accredited as Ambassador. WE (Army and Navy Gazette) are enabled to state that on the occasion of the Prince of Wales attaining his majority there is no intention of making any naval promotions. It was, we believe, at first intended to confer a certain number of honours upon officers of the Royal navy; but when it was considered that the Queen, the" fountain of honour," was in a state of affliction, and would be precluded from tak\ng part in any act of rejoicing, the idea was abandoned, and we have reason to think it will not be revived until the marriage of his Royal Highness. YISCOUJST PALMEKSTON .left his seat, Broadlands, Hants, on Friday, for Osborne, Isle of Wight. EARL GRANVILLE, Lord Stanley of Alderley, and Mr. Helps left London at nine o'clock on. Saturday morning by a special train, on the London and South Western Railway, for the purpose of attending the Queen's Privy Council at Osborne. IT is said there will be many changes in the House of Commons. Several names are mentioned of members who intend resigning their seats: amongst them are Mr. Ker, M P. for Downpatrick, and Mr. Hugessen, M.P. for Sandwich. MR. COBDEN, M P., left Rochdale on Friday. During his stay the honourable gentleman manifested consider- able interest in the condition and prospects of the dis- tressed operatives of the town, and visited the soup kitchen and sewing classes. On Thursday evening Mr. Cobden and his family dined with the mayor. SIR HENRY BULWER has received a dispatch from his Government, ordering him to return to the East at once. He went direct to Athens on board one of Lloyds' steamers. THE bill of indictment against Captain Smales, late Paymaster 6th Dragoons, has been thrown out by the grand jury at Bomoay. IT is now stated that, in the event of an early dissolu- tion of the House of Commons, Mr. S. Laing will solicit the suffrages of the electors of Sligo. IT has also been announced that, at the next general election, the Hon. Henry Frederick Cowper, brother of the present Earl Cowper, and nephew of the Right Hon. W. F. Cowper, M.P., the First Commissioner of Works, will become a candidate for the representation of Hert- fordshire in the Liberal interest. REPRESENTATION OF SELKIRKSHIRE.—It is reported that, on account of indifferent health, Lord Henry Scott intends to resign his seat in Parliament; and that C. S. Plummer, Esq., of Middlestead and Sunderland Hall, will come forward as a candidate for the seat in the Conservative interest. It is also believed that whenever a vacancy occurs Mr. Murray, of Philipaugh, and the Hon. William Napier, both Liberals, will offer their services to the electors, so that in all probability we may soon have a tough contest for the county of Selkirk. COLLECTING old postage-stamps seems to be quite a mania in Paris, and it has lately caused a rather amusing incident. Certain speculators had issued a sort of circular to request stamps to be forwarded to them; these circu- lars were sent to different countries, and, among the rest, to Sicily. The authorities there took fright, fancying some plot was hatching, ond immediately telegraphed to the Minister of the Interior, who, better acquainted with what is going on 'in the world, replied, That if there was no worse plot than'that going on, Sicily had no need to be alarmed." REPRESENTATION OF BRIDGEWATER.—Mr. Westropp, who unsuccessfully contested the borough at the last general election, has announced his intention of coming forward as a candidate at the close of the present Parliament. THE uncle of the late Mr. Dillon-Mr. Seal, residing at Boulogne-sur-Mer—has, we learn, made an application through his legal adviser to the Procureur-Genural, and another to Lord Cowley, on the subject of the duel which terminated so fatally.
mi u .—.i,-j ii i—.<3 GUB MISCELLANY. A Fisherman Poet.-The fisher folk as a body are not literary or intellectual. They have few books, and many of them never look at a newspaper. It is not surprising, therefore, that only one author has arisen among the fisher people—Thomas Mathers, fisherman, Monance, Fifeshire. We have had many poets from the mechanic class, and even the colliers from the deep caverns of the earth have begun to sing. Mathers's volume is entitled, Musings in Verse by Sea and Shore." The following lines will at once explain the author's ambition and exhibit his style:" I crave not the harp o' a-Burns sae strong, Nor the lyre o' a sweet Tanriahill; For those are the poets unrivalled in song, Can melt every heart, and inspire every tongue, Fraethe prince to the peasant at will. To weep wi' the wretched, the hapless to mourn, To glow wi' the guid and the brave; To cheer the lone pilgrim, faint, and forlorn, Wi' breathin's that kindle and language that burn, Is the wealth and the world I would crave." -Macmillan's Magazine. A Sketch from Italy.—When October has come round, and the grapes and olives have been gathered in, there is a general stir in the hamlets on the mountains of the Abruzzi and the Neapolitan highlands. The fierce heat is now over, and the poisonous malaria of the plains is yielding to the fresh autumn breezes. It is time to bring the flocks to the valleys and low-lying pastures, where they may roam undisturbed until the month of May drives them back to the hills. The note of preparation is sounded among the shepherd families, and after a few days of preparation all is made ready for the journey. It cannot, however, be said that they leave their house- hold gods behind them, for the simple reason that they carry their household along with them. First in the procession come the sheep, for whose benefit the entire march has been undertaken, guarded by dogs, whose names, Fidele, Pecorcne, and such like, sufficiently indi- cate their qualities and functions Then the men, each after his own charge. The women and children, laden with the utensils and little necessary domestic property, bring up the rear. We may be certain that they have classed under the latter head of necessary articles huge necklaces, each bead cf which is as large as a pigeon's egg, heavy pendants for the ears, and flaming red and green gowns, to make a brave show on Sundays and festivals. In this order they leave the sloping streets of the village, and wind along the mountain road, now hidden in a chestnut forest, now emerging frorr.its shadv depths, now resting near some rustic chapel, where the women arrange the wild flowers they have gathered on the way. At length they arrive at the appointed pastures; the sheep are turned out, and in a short time the whole plain is dotted with their white f **ces. The shepherds then put up their huts; some wuilding in solitary places, others sociably near each other. Thus settled for the season, they move about in search of new pastures when the wants of the flocks render such a step necessary. For a circuit of about six miles round Roma the vast expanse of meadow is inhabited for six or eight months of the year by this nomadic population.-Once a Week. Cavour at Six. Years of Age.—He was thee an arch little fellow, with a countenance full of anima- tion, indicative of decision of character; Very entertain- ing in his ways, and with an endless flow of childish frolic and fun. He wore a little red coat, which gave him a. droll, and, at the same time, a determined look. On his arrival he was under a good deal of excitement, and stated to my grandfather that the postmaster at Geneva had given them such execrable horses that he. ought to be dismissed. "I insist upon his being dis- missed;" he repeated again and again. "But," replied; my grandfather, "I cannot dismiss the postmaster; the first syndic alone has the power." IIW tIl, then, I must have an audience of the first syndic." You shall have it to-morrow," replied my grandfather; ana he at once wrote to his friend Mr. Schmidtmeyer, then first syndic, and told him he was going to send him a very amiising "little man;" and accordingly the next day the child appeared at Mr. S.'s, and was received in due form. With perfect composure, he made three profound bows, and then, in a clear voice, preferred bis complant, and called for judgment. On his return, as soon as be per- ceived my grandfather, he exclaimed, Well, he will be dismissed!"—De La Hive's s Relations."—The good old English words kins- folk," "kinsman," "kinswoman," seem, like so many other good old English words, to have pretty well died out of the language. Professor Muller must, one would think, mourn at seeing oneof the oldest and most extensive roots in the whole Aryan stem doomed to extinction. "Kin" is gone. "Kind" and kin dly," if they are not gone, are changing their meanings. Shakspere's play on the words more than kin, and less. than kind," has by this time lost half its force. Instead of kinsfolk," we now get relations," a word which may mean anything or nothing. A man may stand in all manner of relations to another, but it is hard to see how he can himself be the relation, and it is still harder toseebow "relation" has got to mean one who stands in the particular relation of kindred. How this odd change has come about is just the sort of problem for Dean Trench to work out to per- fection.:—Saturday Review. Turkish Feeling.—One evening, I chanced to witness a scene as amusing as it was characteristic of the. people among whom I lived. A post had arrived, and Osman Pacha's private secretary was occupied in dis- pensing the letters. The officers were admitted to bis tent, and the childish glee which they displayed was diverting in the extreme. Not only did they mark their gratitude by kissing every Fortion of the secretary's garments on which they could lay hand, but danced about, showing the epistles to all who approached. Fortunately, perhaps, few of these could read, so the breach of confidence was not very great. I have often noticed that an Oriental, when he does shake off the apathetic reserve habitual to him, becomes more excited and enthusiastic than warmer-blooded nations. At any rate, they seem to possess a full measure of that natural instinct of joy at receiving tidings of loved ones in far distant lands. One of these letters wa3 from the wife of an officer, who had not heard from her for many months, and whose last reports had informed him of the destruction of his house by fire. The apparent in- difference with which he had received the first announce- ment completely gave way to a flood of happiness on hearing of the safety of those he loved. Verily they are not so devoid of feeling as is generally supposed-these fatalist Turks-Herzegovina, by Lieutenant G. Arbuthnot. The Duke of Wellington in 1810.—As I had a letter of introduction from the Duke of Cambridge, who always aided Germans in England by word and deed, I succeeded in obtaining an audience from Lord Wellington. This was no easy matter for a young sub. like myself, for the noble lord was extremely exclusive, observed a more than princely etiquette, and was not very approachable unless on pressing matters of duty. He associated almost solely with his staff, selected from the first nobility of England. His personal appearance produced a peculiar effect on me. Had I not known that this man was the commander-in-chief of the British forces, who had served for a long time in India with distinction, and already performed many brilliant deeds in the Peninsula, I could never have thought him a soldier, so little military was his appearance. Yoa saw in him at once the aristocrat, ac- customed to command, and you might have taken him for a minister or diplomatist, but never for a general. His dress, too, was civil, rather than military, consisting of white trousers, waistcoat, and tie, and a light blue surtout. In his beardless, handsomely chiselled face there was an unmistakable expression of unbending resolution, great calmness and certainty, but, at the same time, a strong self-consciousness. His lord- ship's dinner-table, at which his numerous adjutants and several general officers constituted the guests, was laid for twenty. The service of plate dipplayed extraordi- nary wealth. The servants waited in state liveries, and most of the food seemed to have come from England: in short, it was hard to believe that I was seated at the table of a general who was opposed to a powerful enemy in an utterly desolated country. At table a severe etiquette prevailed, as strict as could be found at any royal table. The officers spoke in a low voice to each other, and all bad their eyes fixed on the lord, who was very sparing of speech, in order to answer his rare ques- tions at once. Business compelled Wellington to leave the table early, but at his request the majority of the officers remained seated, and when the table-cloth was. removed, and the port wine began to circulate, all speedily broke into that noisy merriment to which the English, despite their formality and stiffness, so easily yield when wine has once warmed their blood.—Jtecol- lections of an old German Ernsar Officer.
EPITOME OF xz, ws, The exceedingly bad weather during the last fortnight has had a very damaging effect upon the harvest in the West of England. Serious apprehensions are entertained in soma parts of the country, for a con- siderable quantity of grain still remains on the field, and some of it has yet to be cut. During the prevalence of a dense fog last week the ferry steamer Woodsida ran into the Turkish frigate lying in the Mersey. Both vessels sustained consider- able damage. The same morning, the Dublin steamer Windsor was run into by another coasting steamer, and damaged. David Brawn and Benjamin Kortoski were last week convicted, under the Bankruptcy Act, of con- spiring together to defraud their creditors. Brawn was sentenced to be imprisoned for two, and Kortoski for twelve months. Joseph Parker, who was convicted OE Wednesday before the Lord Chief Baron of feloniously shooting at his half-brother-OTth intent to do him grievous bodily harm, was brought up for judgment, and sentenced to be kept in penal servitude for four year s. The "Occupation of Frederick."—Hugging and kissing Mary Land, who is overjoyed to see him safe out of the rebel clutches.—American. Accounts from Finland state that the distress there owing to the bad harvest increases daily,'and that it is estimated that not less than 350,000 tons of foreign corn will be required to supplysthe deficiency. The Sultan of Turkey has decided upon ordering four iron-cased iron screw steam ships of the Valiant class to be built in this country, excepting that they will be 15 feet longer, and will mount two more guns. The Thames Iron Shipbuilding Company have received an order for one ship, and the other three are to be con- structed by some equally experienced builders. Not twenty known thieves, it is stated, have succeeded in getting into the Exhibition from its opening to the close, owing to the great care taken at the doors; almost all of these having been discovered and ejected shortly after their admission. The Brighton murderer. Flood, who was con- victed for the murder of his comrade at Brighton, and was sentenced to death at the late assizes held at Lewes, ) but whose sentence has been respited, was reijipved on Monday morning to the Milloank Penitentiary by the governor, Mr. Sandprs. Her Majesty's Emigration Commissioners chartered on Thursday, the 30th utt., the Mary Shepherd, of 905 tons, belonging to Messrs. Shepherd and Co., of London, to sail from Plymouth to Adelaide, South Australia, at X14 93. per statute adult; to be ready for the reception of passengers on such day as the Commissioners may appoint between the 11th and 18th of December. Michael Hennesy, who was convicted of unlaw- fully wounding a police-constable while in the execution of his duty, has been sentenced to nine months' hard labour. Whilst Colonel Lloyd, C.B., was speaking at the Music-hall, Chester, on Monday night, on the occa- sion of the presentation of the prizes to the Chester Volunteers, he suddenly dropped senseless from an attack of disease of the heart. Drs. Powell, Waters, and Brit- tain endeavoured to promote artificial respiration, but in ten minutes the gallant colonel expired. During the battle of Fair Oaks, while the fighting was going on, and in the battle-field itself, newsboys went about hawking the last numbers of the New York papers, and, what is more, found men to buy them! On Monday, the spacious school which has just been completed at Redruth, at the sole cost of Mr. Robartes, M.P., was opened for public instruction. Colonel T. E. Taylor, M.P. for the county Dublin, is, it is stated, about to marry Miss Louisa H. Tollemache, second daughter of the Hon. and Rev. Hugh Francis Tollemache, rector of Harrington, Northampton- shire, and cousin of the Earl of Dysart. The marriage is to take place the second week in the ensuing month. The Midnight Meetings Committee held a meeting on Tuesday night, the 28th ult., in Portman- hall, Edgware-road. A large number of fallen women attended. Several were rescued. We are informed that the work is proceêdingmost satisfactorily. When Mr. Wilberforee was a candidate for Hull, his sister, an amiable and witty young lady, offered the compliment of a new gown to each of the wives of those freenien who voted for her brother—on which she was saluted with a cry of II Miss Wilber force for ever!"—■ when she pleasantly observed, ".1 thank you, gentlemen but I cannot agree with you—for really I do not wish to be Miss Wilberforee for ePT7 i. „ will be sorry to hear that the fine old castle at Heidelburg is crumbling to pieces. The fine old façadeis already exhibiting ominous cracks. This is ascribed to the shaking caused by the passage of the rail- way trains through a tunnel which runs directly under the castle. Parties of the regular army and militia will, in future, be received for instruction at Hythe and Fleetwood on the 1st of February, 27th of April, and 26th of July in each year. Special classes will also be formed annually, on the 1st of January, for the training of 100 Sergear ts at each of the above-named establish- ments. A ship-building firm of Nantes has at present on the stocks for the Italian Government an iron-cased frigate, which has just received the name of the Castel- fidardo. We regret to state that on the arrival of the ship Beautiful Star at Hobart Town, after a protracted voyage, it was found that the whole of the salmon ova put on board had died by the way. The failure is attributed to the unsuitableness of the vessel for the special work, and the short supply of ice. Dr. Edmund Chipp, late organist of Trinity Church, Paddington, has established himself at Belfast. On the occasion of his retirement from Trinity Church he was presented by the incumbent, curates, and congre- gation with an elegant tea and coffee service, as a testimonial .of their esteem and regard. Dr. Chipp has gained a name of European fame among the organists and composers of the day. The Ijyons journal announces that the Prince of Wales and the Prince Royal of Prussia, during their late visit to that city, made considerable purchases of silks and velvets from the principal manufacturers. Upwards of one hundred professionals have been thrown out of employment in London hy the refusal to renew the licenses of various music halls. The Stewards of the Jockey Club, after a long investigation of the disputed match between Tarra- gona and Michel Grove, have decided that there is no case proved against either party. The daily morning service in the chapel of Lincoln's-inn, at eight o'clock, was resumed on Saturday, the Feast of All Saints, after its discontinuanco during the long vacation. This service is open to the public. Duels are rife at Berlin between civilians and the military. Three students, according to the Voile Zietung, have encountered, at the suburb of Hasen- haide, three officers, and killed one of them, wounding the others. A lady fell down the other day whilst walking on the King's-road, Brighton, when a man very civilly picked her up, and said gently, 'I hope, ma'am, you are none the worse." "Well, then, indeed I am just as little the better," she replied, quite savagely. The Earl of Eglinton attains his majority on the 3rd of December, when there will be great festivities on the earl's estates in Scotland, more particularly on his lordship's large estates in Ayrshire. The marriage long arranged to take place between the noble earl and Lady Sophia Pelham, only daughter of the late Earl of Yar- borough will be solemnised shortly after the coming of age of the earl. The proposal of the Mayor of Manchester to invite the mayor and corporation of Liverpool to a banquet in that city cannot, it is said, be carried out, as the mayor of Liverpool finds it impossible, in consequence of pre- viously existing engagements, to visit Manchester during his year of office. Henry Grainger, aged 30 years, who resided in Park-street, Southwark, was engaged with others, on Wednesday morning, in hoisting a boiler by means of machinery, when some of the tackle gave way, the boiler falling on deceased. He was extricated as soon a possible, and conveyed to the accident ward, Guy's Hospital, where he expired on admission. A new valise, invented by Sir F. Troubridge, and intended to supersede the knapsack now in use, has been inspected and approved by his Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge, and will be generally introduced into the service.. The Federal Congress passed a law at its last session, that after September 1, 1862, the spirit ration in the navy of the United States shalMor ever cease, and that no distilled spirituous liquors shall be admitted on board of vessels of war, except as medical stores, to be used for medical purposes. A communication of five cents a day is to be paid instead to each person in the navy entitled to the spirit ration, in addition to their present pay.