MR. TRAIN ARRESTED AT BOSTON. j A. great abolition meeting wa3 held at the Faneuil-hall, Boston, on October 6th, at -which Mr. Sumner delivered a masterly speech. Mr. G. F. Train was present and interrupted the proceedings. In the end he was taken into custody by the police. The following is his version of the affair, told, no doubt, with that freedom from exaggeration and love of truthfulness for which he is so remarkable:— Police-station, No. 2, Boston, Oct. 6, 2.80 p.m. Seeing a public notice inviting the citizens of Boston in Faneuil-hall to-day, at eleven o'clock, I went to hear Mr. Sumner and others speak (being myself a native of Boston and citizen of Massachusetts). I listened to Mr. Sumner for two hours. He challenged any one to confute his statements. Some few having interrupted the speaker, and attention being apparently directed to Mr. Train, he called Mr. Sumner to witness that he was not inter- rupting the meeting. I know," said Mr. Sumner, "that it is not you, Mr. Train; you would not do such a thing." Supposing that other speakers would be invited to the platform, I did not step forward, although hundreds were calling" Train, Train!" I was annoyed to find the meeting cut and dried. Annoved to find that liberty was only for the black man and not for the white man. Annoyed to see Boston in slavery, Massachusetts in chains. # The meeting having adjourned, I knew that in all civilised assemblies it was quite in order to elect another chairman and hold another meeting. I stepped upon the plat- form, or rather jumped over the railing—as the packed jury shoved me off the staircase and blocked the way. Seeing angry eyes behind me, and hostile demonstrations from the enslaved committee around Mr. Sumner, and being somewhat acquainted with the art of self-defence, while the audience was cheering in front, I kept on my guard by looking behind. I called the audience to witness that I struck no blow, touched no man, made no hostile movement. When two or three took hold of me I shook them off, and put myself on defence. I was good for a few of the miserable poltroons who would strike a single man, but when dozens rushed upon me, striking me right and left, and three different hands were lifting me from the floor by the hair of my head at the same time, it was difficult for me to reach the stage. I, however, did so over the fallen bodies of several, four times, when the officers of the law took me in charge. Respecting the law, I gave myself up, and, although in the charge of two policemen, the miserable cowards struck me, tore open my shirt, and held me over the staircase by the hair of my head, when I should have fallen over thirty feet on the iron stairs had I not rescued myself by holding en to the railing. Cries of I Kill him, the d-d white man-smash his head-knock him down!' accompanied by acts of violence, followed me into the street. The policemen seemed too excited, or unable wholly to protect me from this most respectable committee, who say that free speech is the chief plank of the free soil platform."
NEGRO EMANCIPATION AND THE 1 SOUTH. I (Frem the Richmond Dispatch, Sept. 27). The Federal invasion, especially in its relations to negroes, has thus far been a John Brown raid on a grand scale. Wherever the Federal armies hav-s advanced, the negroes have been swept off as clean as the Eastern locusts sweep a field of grain. Not ona green or black thing is left in the line of the Yankee march, nor in the whole country for many miles arcund. The Pied- mont, tha Upper Valley, the Peninsula, the country watered by the Rappahannock and the Potomac, have been stripped of their negro population. This war has assumed the character of a grand aegro hunting expedition. Of victories the Yankees have gained few-negroos many. W hat becomes of the game it is impossible to say, nor is that a'matter of much con- sequence. The loss, however, of so valuable an element of strength and prosperity is a matter of such moment that the Legislature of the State ought at once to take measures for the prevention of similar calamities in the future. This can only be done by a law pro- viding for the removal of negrees from all threatened districts to the interior. It will not do to leave this to the discretion or judgment of the master. In some cases they are too indolent to take the proper precautions for the security of their property in others they are deluded by implicit confidence in the fidelity of their servants and notwithstanding the experience which the war has furnished that the neighbourhood of a Yankee army creates as complete a stampede among negroes as the approach-of » locomotive among cattle, there are thousands of masters who continue to believe that their Servants will not run under similar temptations, and yet foolishly expose them to such risKa. it i. al"r, there- fore, that there is no security for the negro property of the State unless the LegislataM makes the removal of the negroes from districts exposed to invasion compul- sory. We trust the necessary action will be taken promptly, for the State has already suffered enormous losses from this cause, which, by precautionary legis- lation, might all have been prevented.
INTENDED RI07' AT BLACKHEATH. Placards having been extensively posted on Saturday last at Greenwich and Deptford, announcing that at half-past 3 o'clock on Sunday afternoon an open-air demonstration would take place on Blackheath, opposite the Park-gate,, for the purpose of expressing sympathy with Garibaldi, at the time named an immense crowd assembled, the majority of whom appeared to be Irish labourers and 41 roughs," evidently prepared for mischief. Ample precautions had been taken by the police to pre- serve the peace, and although but few constables were present a strong body was held in reserve in an adjacent building. It soon became evident that no speeches would be made, and any attempt to express Garibaldian sentiments would have been the signal for a row, as a large mob paraded the park cheering lustily for the Pope, one athletic fellow, with a bludgeon, head- ing about 200 Irishmen and lads, whom he termed the Connaught rangers," from Deptford, and calling upon the Garibaldiaas to come out and show themselves. This invitation did not miet with a response, but a young man of respectable appearance, who, it was stated, lad said something against the Pope, was chased by the mob and roughly treated, but ultimately claimed the pi otection of two police constables. It is probable that the notice convening the meeting was intended as a hoax, but from the threats freely used by the mob it was clear that the Pope's supporters came prepared for a melée. About five o'clock the rain came down in torrents, and 'the crowd gradully dispersed. In connection with this it may be stated, that Dr Grant, Bishop of Southwark," has issued the following letter to the clergy of his diocese:—" Rev. and dear Sir, -I have not been able to ascertain that any of the catholics belonging to your flock have taken part in the meetings held in the park or elsewhere within the last three weeks, and I therefore abstain from publishing any letter on the subject of them. But if you find any ex- citement prevails, use every endeavour, in the pulpit and n private, to dissil,de our brethren from doing or saying anything likely to disturb the peace, or even to provoke angry feelings on the part of others. I send this letter to the clergy of the diocese, because there is reason to fear that in other places, and especially in missions where there are catholic soldiers and sailors, the dis- cussion of the questions that have led to the meetings already mentioned bavo tended to produce dissension and quarreliing amongst our spiritual children, and those who have taken advantage of passing events to speak disrespectfully of his Holiness without knowing how deeply rooted is the attachment of Irish catholics to him, and how keenly they feel every word that is uttered against him In your prudence you will calm these feelings, and will earnestly entreat our children to remain silent, and to bear patiently and meekly every harsh and insulting word and act. If it is in your power to speak to the masters and superiors under whom catholics are e; ployed or stationed, entreat them to forbid the mention of all subjects that have produced this excitement, and explain to them that our efforts to restore quiet will be wasted until the bitterness which these domestic disputes have caused is allayed by the firmness of superiors under whom catholics and pro- testants are living."
Dray Accident.—an inquest was held on Saturday, at the London Hospital, on the body of Michael Toovey, aged eleven years, who died from injuries sustained under the following circumstances:—He perceived a dray, belonging to Messrs, Truman and Hanbury, passing, and he ran behind and amused himself by hanging on to the back part of the vehicle. In doing this bis arm became entangled in a portion of the chain, and he called out fcr help. The drayman pulled up his horses, and one of the barrels rolled over upon the limb, which was terribly lacerated and crushed. He was imme- diately taken to the hospital, where he died in a few hours. Mr. Jackson, the house surgeon, said it was possible the child's life might have been spared if the parents had not declined to allow his arm to be ampu- tated. Death was caused by tetanus, or lock-jaw. Yerdict.—" Accidental Death."
FRACAS BETWEEN TWO FEDERAL GENERALS.-FATAL RESULT. A dispatch, dated Louisville, Sept. 29, gives the fol- lowing account of a quarrel between Generals Nelson and Davis;— "One of the saddest incidents of the war has just occurred here. A few minutes before 9 o'clock General Jefferson C. Davis, of Indiana, met General Nelson in the hall of the Galt-house, and attempted to speak to him. General Nelson refused to listen, and turned away. Davis followed him to the other end of the hall, and again addressed him. Nelson now turned to him, saying,' Do you wish to insult me, you cowardly puppy ?' and struck him at the same time on the head. Davis did not retaliate on the spot, but made through the crowd of guests until he met an officer of his acquaint- ance, borrowed a pistol of him, and then pushed to the west door of the hall, where Nelson was conversing with some gentlemen. When within a few feet of him he cocked the revolver and fired instantly. The ball entered Nelson's left breast, inflicting a mortal wound. He managed to walk upstairs to General Buell's room, where he fell on the floor. Surgical attendance was immediately calkd, but the, General expired about 30 minutes after he was shot. He was conscious until three minutes before his death. Among his last words were I am murdered.' There had previously been bad feeling between the two actors in the tragedy, on account of Davis's arrest and deprivation of command by Nelson, Last week Davis had been to Cincinnati, and aid his grievances, with charges against Nelson, before General Wright, who restored him to command. The excitement created by the affair is intens". Opinion as to where the blame belongs is divided." Another account from the same city says:- There are many conflicting accounts of the shooting of General Nelson by General Davis. About a week ago Nelson placed Davis in command of the Home Guard forces of the city. At night Davis reported to Nelson the number of men working on the intrenchments and enrolled for service. Nelson cursed him for not having more. Davis replied that he was a general officer, and demanded the treatment of a gentleman. Nelson, in an insulting manner, ordered him to report at Cincinnati, and told him he would order the Provost Marshal to eject him from the city. "This morning Governor Morton, of Indiana, and General Nelson were standing near the desk in the Gait-house, when General Davis approached, and requested Governor Morton to witness a conversa- tion between himself and General Nelson. He de- manded of Nelson an apology for the rude treatment be had* received last week. Nelson being a little deaf, asked him to speak louder. Davis again demanded an apology. Nelson denounced him, and slapped him in the face. Davis stepped back, clenched his fist, and again demanded an apology. Nelson slapped him in the face, and again denounced him as a coward. Davis turned away, procured a pistol from a triena, ana followed Nelson, who was going upstairs. Davis told Nelson to defend himself, immediately thereon firing. The ball penetrated his left breast, and General Nelson died in about twenty minutei. General Nelson requested to see his old friend, the Rev. Mr. Talbot, rector of Calvary Episcopal Church, who was then at the Gait-house. Mr. Talbot admini- stered the Sacrament according to the forms of the Church. The General repeated the service after tfee minister, and refused to talk on any other subject. He regretted that he had not long ago turned his attention to religion."
STORING PETROLEUM IN LONDON. At a meeting of the Aldermen of the City of London on Tuesday, an application under the new act was heard and decided. On the 29th of September it was referred to the General Purposes Committee to consider the application of Mr. Hawkins, 88, Bishopsgate-street-without, for a license to store benzole, the product of petroleum, in accordance with the provisions of the Act of Parliament of last session for the safe keeping of petroleum.. The preamble of the Act recites, that it is expedient to pro- vide for the safe keeping of petroleum and certain of its products that are dangerous to life and.property, by reason of their giving off inflammable vapours at low temperatures. The committee reported that they ha.d directed Mr. Comptroller, acting for the time as City Solicitor to take the opinion of counsel as to the mode'of carrying the provisions of the statute into execution. The Recorder and Common Serjeant, on a had submitted to them, had rMomtp.ended that licences in a certain form and signed by two of its members, should be granted by the Court of Aldermen far nix months, and that no fee should be taken for such licenses. The application ioi a lloonee xscvvtst cL<jfci<is:ibta ilic. 1 premises and the mode in which it is proposed to keep petroleum or its product, the receptacles or vessels to be used, the means proposed to prevent damage from explo- sion or fir-e, and the distance of the premises "from the nearest dwellinghouse or other building. A license will be granted upon the general condition that no candle or artificial light of any description shall at any time be introduced into any part of the premises in which the in- flammable materials in question shall be kept, The third section of the Act provides that, from and aftsr the 1st of October inst., not more than 40 gallons of petroleum shall be kept within 50 yards of a dwelling-house, or of a building in which goods are stored, except on a license granted byeome local authority contemplated by the statute, and that any petroleum kept in contravention of it shall be forfeited, while the occupier of the place in which it is stored will be liable to a penalty not exceed- ing£20 a-day. The local authorities empowered to grant licenses are the Court of Aldermen as respects the City of London, and the Metropolitan Board of Worka as regards the metropolis, excepting the city.
Harvest Statistics. The value of Harvest Statistics is the subject of a capital letter addressed to the Times by Mr. Wren Hos- kyna, who loses no time in enforcing its importance. During the past season especially, as he declares, the continued rains of the spring and early summer operating with unequal effect upon soils of different character, and upon similar soils, drained or undrained, and in different conditions of tillage and acquired fertility, have presented varieties and degrees of contrast which, striking as they are even to the traveller who, after all, can form but a guess-work estimate, would have exhibited on a well tabulated-sheet a series of results more remarkable and instructive than at any period in my memory. "To a farmer harvesting ,4he splendid wheat crops I have seen upon the calcareous description of soils, the meagre returns seen upon the light sandy loams, usually so productive, would seem startling, while to the am- phibious toilerID the furrows of the undrained clays the sight of the abundant sheaves lying like a golden wake in the level path of Burgess and Key's reaper, four feet above the well-laid drain-tiles, must have preached open- air sermons never to be forgotten; indeed the degree of rainfall is in this climate the very test and practical exponent both of the soil and its husbandry." Mr. Hoskyns proceeds to urge that no real objection would be felt by the intelligent farmers of the kingdom to a simple and practical measure for collecting the annual statistics of our harvests. And on the great scale of our food supply now-a-days, which has been extraordinarily illustrated by the market returns since harvest time, he declares:— Nor is this merely a national question. The country that does not collect the statistics of its prcduce is a sort of secessionist from the body corporate of nations for every country collects such facts at a disadvantage pro- portioned to the narrowing of the basis caused by the refusal of its neighbour; just as much in the agricul- tural as in every other branch of business or of science- 411 hope the day is gone by when this argument would be despised. We use the proctuce of our neighbours in an inevitable ratio with the deficiency of our own; and we do in fact already read and speculate on their harvest reports (I have the statistical tables of several States before me) with a care and interest which ought to form a cogent argument for collecting that knowledge which lies at our own feet neglected for all accurate purposes."
"EPITOrifE OF NEWS. The present volunteeer force of Canada con- sists of 10,615 infantry, 1,687 artillery, 1,615 cavalry, and 202 engineers. There are also corps drilled and only waiting the recognition of Government to be armed. These will swell the volunteer force to 16,000 men. There are also in Canada, 10,000 militia. The whole military force of Canada will consist shortly of 26,000 troops. A thunderstorm raged over the western part of Worcestershire a few days ago. It commenced about 8 a.m., and continued with some violence for two hours. The discharges of electricity were very frequent, but appeared to be at a considerable altitude above the earth. Rain fell occasionally in torrents. The atmosphere bad been extremely close and hot for the season for two days previously, but b, came sensibly cooler after the storni, which was a very unusual one at this season of the vear. At the annual meeting of the Jueeds wording Men's Reform Association, a letter was read from Mr. Roebuck, M.P., in which the hon. gentleman promised to visit Leeds and deliver an address oa the subject of reform early in December next. The Earl of Dudley's vicarage of Cosely, near Bilston, Staffordshire, has become vacant by the death of the Rev. William Ford Vance, M.A., of Trinity Col- lege, Dublin, formerly chaplain to the Incorporated Refuge for the Destitute. The benefice is worth X275 a-year, the population being nearly 14,000. Lord Ivory, says the Scotsman, has come to the decision not to resume his seat as a judge in the Court of Session. The cause, however, is not at present ill-healtb, but rather apprehension that his health would fail if he were again to attempt the arduous work of the first division. Mr. Ralph Moore, who has for many years been the true friend and advocate of the people of India, was, after the usual examination on the 7th inst., made a licentiate of the King and Queen's College of Physicians in Ireland. An accident occurred on the Border Counties Rail- way on Wednesday, near Chollerton. The engine of a passenger train ran off the line into an embankment, and was broken. Providentially none of the passengers were injured. The King of Portugal and his bride, will, it is understood, pay a visit to the Emperor and Empress of the French at Compiègne next. month i at all events, the Prince Napoleon and the Princess Clothilde (now in Lisbon) 'have a commission to give them a pressing invitation. Hayes hunting is still carried on by the constabu- lary in various parts of Ireland, and affords exciting exercise, though there is little chance of the pursuers getting on the trail of the murderer. Within the last few days they have beaten every cover in the counties of Tipperary, Waterford, and even Down, where he was likely or unlikely to be concealed. The screw steamer Peterhoff, from Nassau, has arrived in Liverpool with about 1,500 bales of cotton on board. The Peterhof is one of Mr. Z. C. Pearson's blockade breakers; and in addition to her cargo of cotton she has on. board the family of the late Bishop of Nassau. Six: ,schools ars aqjiounced by the Milan Gazette to be opened there for the purpose of young women, obliged -to work luring the week, the ruiiments of arithmetic, geography, history, reading, writing, ana needlework. The tern of religion is not mentioned. The Rev. Edwin Abbott B.A., Fellow-of St. John's College, Cambridge, upon whom a mastership in Birmingham grammar-schfol has been conferred, graduated in 1861, when hewas -seventh senior optime in the mathematical tripos, and first in the first class in the classical tripos. Mrs. Thistlethwayte, formerly Miss L. Bell, of Belfast, has been preaching n several parts of Scotland, and while at Garve, in Imerness-shire, Dr. Begg and Mr. Kennedy, of Dingwall, made some comment on the subject of ladies addresing public audiences, to which Mrs. Thistlethwayte has replied in the Inver- ness Courier, defending tb position which she has taken up. The Dowager Comtess of Albemarle, widow of William, fourth Sari of Albemale, died last! week at her residence at Twickenham, aged 87. The week at her residence at Twickenham, aged 87. The deceased lady was the dauglter of Sir Henry Hunloke, of Wingerworth-ball, Derbygiire. _I
ENGLAND AND THE ENGLISH. By George Fnneis Train. If the Americans be the mMt modest and unassuming people in the world, as Mr. fteorge Francis Train says, are we to accept Mr. Georg< Francis Train himself as their representative man ? Surely never was GO much modesty incarnated in any me as in him. And what truth, what courtesy, what tiscrction, what moderation of language, when discourang of England and the English! We must all be clarmtd with the portrait he draws of us in his Philadelplja oration; and it is certain his auditors were highly amused, whatever they may liav ? thought of the fidelity of the sketch. For among the other attractions of this distinguished traveller and uMuccesful road projector, is that of being a sensation orator of the genuine American band. In the first place, let it be knewn that the English people are a nation of liars. have told them that right square in their teeth/'says Mr. Train, "and I am going back one of these days to tell them so agair." These are our two main distingiisbing moral charac- teristica.: we are liars and cowsrd. This is bad enough; but we are a "nation of paupers,' and while every body in England is a beggar, the nation itself is bankrupt" —"bankrupt to the centre and sham." When Mr. Train was over here he made prepared extempore speeches in the back parlours of public-houses in Fleet street and Shoe lane, "lbich damaged the Consols, and, in consequence, European capitalists will not invest in the Epglis funds any more." So here is ruin. England has n basis for her debt' — as Mr. Chase's Treasury-notes hire. England has no land, and if the Queen should sellier jewels, they would not have enough to pay threepene in the pound." Are we not alarmed at our position, all disgusted with our- selves ? Ab, but this is not the rorst. We are on the verge of revolution. Lord Palmrston having poisoned Prince Albert in order to usurp t1 throne, as Mr. Train believes sincerely, '-the people al beginning to think." The discussion ballp, as the aforeaid back parlours are termed, "have aroused the mob:the beacon lights are lit, and the country is shaking lib an aspen." This is the result not more of Lord Palmerfon's crime than of the electric influence of Mr. Train's fier oiatory when in Lon- don. But Train has another propt to baulk the guilty Premier of the fruit of his crime. One of the passions of my lifetime," says this modei:'Warwick, "has been to put Brian Boroihme, an Irish (fecendant of kings, on the throne of England." Now, as3rian Boroihme—pro- nounced Brian Burroo-is authetically stated to have been slain at Clontarf some 700)r 800 years ago, we may see what a grisly monarch A, Train has a passion to present vs with. But V-illhe opportunity ever arrive? Is England as a nati( not doomed before the Irish have a chance of hipping her ? We ask the question in fear and Ambling. "France" as our polite limner in elegantphraseoiogy tells his hearers, "has got England's no in Chancery, and she cannot move." If Napoleon shoij give one sneeze we are done for. This is our sad fe: individually liars cowards, drunkards, beggars, anslaves; as a nation t have Brian Burroo for a King but before that tim arrives, to be extinguished b a sneeze from Lou Napoleon, or at any rate to sinklto the abyss, whe America refuses to lend us moneto pay the interest on our National Debt! This is tbseverest cut of all. Such is England and the Iglish, as painted by Mr. George FraDcis Train ff the delectation of a Philadelphia audience, presided over by an ex- Governor of the Stats of Pennsylvania. The man is thought by some to be mad, but our own opinion is that he is more knave than fool. There is method in this madness, and a purpose in the utterance of this mass of exquisitely absurd falsehoods before American audience. Mr. Train's object is to aid the | revival of Democratic influence in the Northern « States, and he can find no more effectual means j than to excite to hatred of this country. Hatred of England was always the exclusive property of that party, and by reviving or extending the feeling now they hope to divert or weaken the efforts of the Re- publicans, always friendly to this country, to carry on the war in the spirit of slavery abolition. Train is a clever knave, but we incline to think he has overshot the mark on this occasion, and that his friends, the Northern Democrats, will find in him but a sorry auxiliary.
OUR MISCELLANY. t Bargain Hunters.- Why is it that commercial honesty has eo seldom charms for women ? A woman who would give away the last shawl from her back will insist on smuggling her gloves through the Custom- house Who can make a widow understand that she should not communicate with her boy in the colonies under the dishonest cover of a newspaper ? Is net the passion for cheap purchases altogether a female mania? And yet every cheap purchase-every purchase made at a rate so cheap as to deny the vendor his fair profit-is, in truth, a dishonesty; a dishonesty to which the pur- chaser is indirectly a party. Would that women could be taught to hate bargains! How much less useless trash would there be in our houses, and how much fewer tremendous sacrifices in our shops — Cornhill Magazine. A Word on Woman's Instinct.-Women are best in making short, common-sense cuts. They don't reason-pardon me, I am not rude. They do not find it necessary to set that machinery of judgment in operation of which man is so vain. They have a way of their own —an instinct peculiar to their sex-a gift which elevates them. Within certain limits and on certain subjects they pounce with uneriing aim upon a truth. They can't give reasons for their conclusions. They are, at least, very silly if they try to do so, and not impro- bably disturb the successlui impression oi tneir im- promptu sentence. If they are wise they give no reasons but an answer; and, if sudden, it is probably right. They have a power of discernment in many things not possessed by man. With them it is no guess, but a common instinctive perception. To most men it is a mysterious faculty, and redeems the short cuts of common life from the general charge of foolhardiness or chance. — Once a TVeek. Pictorial Incongruity.-On Thursday, the 5th of March, I dined for the first time with the Queen. Neither during the dinner nor in the drawing-room after- wards was the conversation animated or interesting. Political subjects were entirely avoided we sat round a circular table before the Queen, who was on a sofa two or three of her ladies were endeavouring to work; Prince Albert played at chess; Lady Palmerston and I, with some effort, carried on a flagging dialogue. I observed over the three doors of the apartment, three portraits, Fenelon, the Czar Peter the Great, and Anne Hyde, daughter of Lord Clarendon, the first wife of James the Second. I felt surprise at this association of three'per- sons so incongruous. No one had remarked it, and no one could explain the reason. I thought of one: the portraits were selected for their size-they fitted well in their respective places.-Guizot. An Unhappy Marriage.-When I was at the large town of E-, in Armenia, the Pasha governing that part of the country was changed. His successor was a Georgian, sold in his childhood to a wealthy Turk. The boy grew and prospered, and after passing through subordinate offices, he was, some years previous to the time I speak of, intrusted with the command of a district. On his departure from Constantinople the Sultan was pleased to give him to wife, as is not unusual, a lady from the Royal harem. With her he lived most happily for three years, when by some means, whether a mutual recollection of some incident which had happened, or some spot which had been seen in childhood, I know not what, these two, man and wife, discovered that they were brother and sister. The wife, like the husband, had been sold away from her country, and met her brother in this strange, wretched manner. They fortunately had had no children, and the marriage was immediately dis- solved, but they say that the Pasha has never smiled since the discovery.— Vacation Tourists. (Plio F!nnTTI nt. Nobleman.—Pflrfiag rrith our hospitable friend, Francis Smith, we pursued our walk hospitable friend, Francis Smith, we pursued our walk back to Richmond, calling at a few houses on the way. At one of the houses in this neighbourhood, there is a person in the capacity of a servant, a prisoner, who is the son of an English marquis. My informant knew him when in England. The last place in which he met with him there was a ball-room, where his rank ren- dered him a person of consideration. His first interview with him in this land was in consequence of some offence which had subjected the prisoner to be brought before him as a magistrate, and punished. What was the surprise of the magistrate (who told me the circumstance) to see the individual whom he had once addressed as "my lord" standing before him a prisoner at the bar. He took an early opportunity of conversing with him in private, and learned that he and some bottle companions had robbed a fish- pond in a frolic, but, being apprehended and convicted, transportation for fourteen years was the penalty. But there is great cause to presume that he had become in other respects an utterly degraded and miserable man. After the expiration of his term of strict servitude he committed a second crime, for which he was again sentenced.; and he is now serving out the period of his bondage with a settler, who has much difficulty in managing him, in consequence of his drunkenness. The gentleman who narrated these particulars met another convict, whom he had last seen at a hunting party, but who, having taken to gambling and become a soendthrift, to help his finances, resorted to forgery, which resulted in transportation to Van Dieman s Land. How melan- choly to see persons thus throw away the advantages of birth, education, and character, and finally sink into degradation and vice.-Lift and Labours of George Washington Walker. Skedaddle —The American war has introduced a new and amusing word. A Northerner who retreats "retires upon his supports," but a Southerner is said to "skedaddle." (Its first appearance, however, was in a Northerner's account of their own attempts to dodge the shots" when they had to get up from their seats before Richmond). The Times remarked on the vord, and Lord Hill, on Monday, wrote a short note to prove that it was excellent Scotch, and that the Americans only misapply the word, which means, in Dumfries, to spill" milkmaids, for example, saying, you are "skedaddling" all that milk. The Times and Lord Hill are both wrong, for the word is neither new nor in any way misapplied. The word is very fair Greek, the root being that of skedannumi." to disperse, to retire tumultuously," and it was probably set afloat by some Professor of Harvard. It was captured immediately on its appearance in these isles, made a note of, and syno- nimised as flying ten ways at once."
TOPICS OF THE WEEK. THE FUSTY CLuB-There was a society which merged in the speculative, and which bore the very uninviting name of "the Fusty "—a name not given to it for want of ventilation, for there was plenty of ventilation of subjects in the course of our discussions; but we had among us a very able young man, who was at that time a member of Trinity, and who, although a Trinity-man, was fond of a pun. Now, as the Latin name for a club is fustis, and because we were a club, he called U3 the Fusty Club.-LoRD PALMERSTON AT WINCHESTER. When our pene-octogenarian Pam Was a frolicsome youth on the banks of Cam, When many a mischievous thing was done Behind the hall-screens Of John's and Queen's," And that embryo statesman shared the fun- Then the Latinfustis-used to drub- Gave a name to his favourite club. Foreign politics loved he well, As a reverend bishop lives to tell- Predicted that Russia would never be still- Thought Lisbon's Court Should at once resort To a warmer latitude, vast Brazil- And whenever he spoke, to do him justice, Greatly astonished the average Fusties. To the Athenaeum he now belongs, To the huge Reform, with its Radical throngs, To Whiggish Brooks's, safe and sly, Where the oligarchs meet In St. James's-street, Where the plots are deep and the port is dry; And if he'd leisure, who will doubt, With the Alpine Club he would soon turn out ? But, even now—ay, there's the rub— Palmerston's chief of a Fusty Club; Russell and Newcastle, Lewis, Wood, Grey, Gladstone and Somerset- Never a glummer set Downing-street's seen for a very long day: s Their characteristic a stolid Whig rust is- How Palmerston puzzles those average Fusties! C.—The Press. LAXD TKANSI'ER ACT.-It ia impossible to exaggerate the importance of the first reception of this new Act. If it is extensively used by any one class of landholders, it will be almost certain to go on till it gradually absorbs almost all the property in the country. When once the eystem is in full work, those who have held back at first will be almost compelled, if ever they wish to deal with their property, to come in with the rest. The position of a non-registered proprietor will be nominally, but not really, the same as it was before the Act passed. Pur- chasers and lendeis will have learned to look for a title which cannot be questioned, and it will no longer be easy, as it is no iv, to sell land by auction under conditions which practically relieve the vendor from showirg any title at all. A still greater inconvenience will drive numbers of owners into the Registry-office. At present a man may raise money at his banker's in five minutes by simply depositing the title-deeds of his estates. In future he may still do the same, provided his title is not on the registry, but not otherwise; th^ effect of which condition will be to render it necessary, before effecting an equitable mortgage, to prove that the land remains unregistered. The Act, as it stands, throws insuperable obstacles in the way of a negative search; and those who wish to retain the power of borrowing on a simple deposit of their documents of title will be almost compelled to register, in order to obtain possession of the land certificate, which is, in the case of registered land, to take the place of title-deeds for the purpose of an equitable mort- gage. In any change in the administration of the law, it is always a great point to secure the support of pro- w ?a fessional lawyers. Most landowners will be guided, in a matter of so much nicety, by the advice of their solicitors, and it is not yet certain what the tone of that advice is likely to be. In some respects the pecuniary interests of legal practitioners are seriously threatened by the Act; but the business of passing title3 through the Court, and the constant occupation of keeping old titles always posted up, as they say in the City, to the actual date, will go far to remunerate the lawyers for the loss of occasional large profits in conveyancing transactions. Apart from considerations of self-interest, which will net perhaps consciously weigh with the better part of the profession, there are old habits and prejudices to be got over, and new intricacies and difficulties to be dealt with. Lawyers would be a class far above the average of man- kind if such considerations did not cool their zeal for a reform of this sweeping kind; but many among them are as keenly alive to the value of the measure as the Chancellor himself, and it may be hoped that the hesi- tation with which the majority will naturally regard the experiment will not be developed into obstinate obstruc- tion.—Saturday Review. FRANCE AND ENGLAND.—Will the terrible realities of the American struggle between men speaking the same language, enjoying hitherto the most unrestricted free- dom oi commercial intercourse, bound together by the closest commercial bonds-these producers, those con- sumers, traders, manufacturers, capitaHsts suffice to awaken the commercial school out of its fool's paradise as to the effects of the abolition of passports, treaties of commerce, international exhibitions, and other devices for facilitating the material relations of mankind with each other, for promoting a real unity among them, where moral sympathy is wanting,-where some institu- tion, some form of polity, juts out as a wall between nation and nation ? As slavery stands between the North and the South on the American continent, so stands the Imperial despotism between France and England, or any other free people. Till it fall, every mere attempt to promote material inter- course between the two countries tends probably but to deepen the bitterness of France. The abolition of pass- ports for English subjects, whilst these were retained for French, was felt as an insult to the nation, and galls Frenchmen every day to the quick. The benefits of the commercial treatjj are not visible yet in France to the many its mischiefs to the few are palpa- ble. The International Exhibition will certainly have created more jealousies than it will have allayed. The very shopkeepers of Paris, the class above all others who have most benefited by late commercial changes, talk freely, (though not, of course, to their English customers), of the future war -with England. Jfor in truth the old Roman historian's definition of a firm friendship—" to will and not will the same things "-holds good between nations as between meD. The only true bond of union between a free people and an oppressed one must lie in the sympathy of the former with the sufferings of the latter-in their common hatred towards its oppressor. Now, partly by our fault, partly without our fault, this state of things does not yet exist between England and France. We are not in general accustomed to distinguish sufficiently between France and the tyranny which weighs on France. Most Englishmen probably do hate Napoleon III.—perhaps even Lord Ranelagh himself at the bottom of his heart (if his heart have a bottom). But they bate him as the embodiment of French ambition, not as the oppressor of France; whilst at other times our statesmen, our jour- nalists, our public spouters, carry even their folly so far as to speak of him, or practically to treat him, as our bulwark, our trust, our ally against France herself. A more stupendous absurdity surely never entered into the brains of men, or one which the facts more palpably con- tradict. Is it against the French Republic or against the French constitutional monarchy that the whole world stands, so to speak, at "attention" theze many weary years not daring to pile arms ? Is all history ablank, thatdespofc- ism, with its secrecy and promptitude of self-will, should be considered for one moment a better safeguard for peace than freedom, with its publicity, its deliberations, even when most tumultuous ? It is our folly and our fault that we should ever for an instant seeia to lose sight of the distinction between an oppressed nation and its Government-of the deep, vital, abiding interest which England has, not in the momentary quietude or stupor of France, not in her mere material prosperity or clatter of mouetary speculation, but in her freedom, her unchecked moral development. And 'et it again be re- collected, tnat every utterance of England in praise of the emperor and his system, in depreciation of the people whom he rules, as well as every idle tirade against France not distinguishing between the two, is sure to be translated, under the official sanction, in the French newspapers, whilst every condemnation of the Emperor's own acts, every expression 01 sympathy with France against him, is carefully suppressed. Hence, to use a single notorious recent instance, the seizure of the Eng- lish papers after the Aspromonte failure, because thev almost unanimously urged the evacuation of Romi which France herself longs for, but which it does not suit the emperor's policy to effect. For one moment the hearts of the two nations throbbed in entire unison-^ but the wall was there to stop their hearing each other. Thus, in spite of all official compliments, the two countries are sedulously kept estranged; France remains ignorant of all English sympathy towards her, and is fed from day to day with a repro- ducti .uof every flippant journalist's taunt, every silly piece of national bunkum poured forth by after-dinner- volunteers, which may serve to excite her against us. Never, probably, even in the heat of the Syrian question under Louis Philippe, wh611 the policy of the two countries was directly at variance, has there been more bitterness in France towards England than now, when the two have been or are engaged in a series of joint wars over more than half the world. But let us not mistake the meaning of this bitterness. Look well into it, and you will find that, to a great extent, at least, it is the bitterness of humiliation under internal oppression—the bitterness of discontent with all arcund—the bitterness of sufferings misunderstood. Frenchmen rail against England because they cannot rail at things: in France. They seem to themselves to hate England, became they hate their own condition, which is so unlike that of England. They do hate her when she flatters and caresses their own oppressor. Let France recover her freedom—let England heartily rejoice over it, as she did over the July revo- lution-and French bitterness towards England would pass away like a summer cloud.-Spectator.
Flower Garden and Shrubberies. Alterations of grounds and planting of evergreens should now be carried on with dispatch, but on no account attempt planting where the soil is not in good cordition; the drier mould is when placed round the roots of newly planted shrubs (provided they are judiciously watered in) the sooner they will emit fresh roots. Mulching is, however, requisite to keep out frost, and earlier in the season to prevent evaporation. Where it can be had cocoa-nut refuse will doubtless be found useful for this purpose. As tree leaves are always in request either as a fermenting material or for leat soil, they should be carefully collected. If they are required only as manure they may be stowed away in any bye place and left to rot; but if, as is generally the case, they are in demand m a cheap mode of furnishing bottom- heat to pines as well as for forcing different kinds of vegetables, some pains should be taken to keep them dry. For this puroose they should be stacked up in some back place or behind the garden walls, where access can be had to them at all times, and after allowing time for them to settle, put on a coat of thatch to effectually secure them from rain. By these means they will be found in a state fit for use for a twelvemonth to come.
Hardy Fruit and Kitchen Garden. Look over fruit stores frequently to see that all iskeeping well, and remove any fruit that may show symptoms of decay, so as to prevent the mischief from spreading; attend to gathering fruit as formerly directed. A good stock of lettuce fit for use should be put into cold frames or turf pits, where they can be protected during frost by means of straw mats or some other efficient covering; also take care to secure a good supply of endive for winter use. Cauliflowers coming in must be frequently examined those not wanted for use should be taken up and stored till wanted. Take advantage of the present favourable weather to get manure wheeled on quarters where it will be wanted, and get all ground trenched and ridged as soon as it gets cleared of summer crops. Gardeners' Chronicle. 7'
Dismissal of a Poor-Law Chaplain—The President of the Poor-Law Boajd has formally dismissed the Rev. J. W. H. Mclyneux, M.A., incumbent of St. Gregory s with Sr. Peter's, Sudbury, from the chaplaincy of the Sudbury Union. It appears that Mr. Moiyneux made himself distasteful, in consequence of his Church opinions, to the Board of Guardians, who made a series of representations to the Central Board in London, and £ Vesult ^as keen the dismissal of the chaplain, Mr. Moiyneux has intimated his intention of bringing the matter under the consideration of the Court of Queen's Bench, with a view to his restoration to office. Mean- while, the Poor-Law Board has given notice to the guar- dians that they must proceed forthwith to the election of another chaplain.