> X- O 17V XT TALK. BT OTTB LOIfDOSf OOREKSPOITOSHT. QwrwdertvsiU urderstand that we do not Hxrtdcwrselxe* r&pontibte for oar aAfe correxpondmi s o/pwMnt, Tins talk of the clubs for the week past has been the row at Newmarket, in which that celebrated institution, the Jockey Club, cut as poor a figure as certain recent court-martials. Newmarket is to the racing world what the City of London is to the moneyed world. It is not a place of amusement -it is all business. Men go to run horses or to bet on racehorses. Ladies come rarely out of curiosity, or as the wives of racing men, and they are quite out of place, as the Heath is wild and bleak, and the language of the frequenters is generally coarser than the recent weather. The Jockey Club, some seventy years ago, was a social club, like White's and Brooke's, and occupied a suite of apartments, magnificently decorated by Italian artists, at Tattersall's. These rooms have long been the residence of the principal partner in that celebrated firm, and the club now has its head-quarters at Newmarket, where it rules supreme on the Heath, lays down racing laws, and decides all disputes which arise on racecourses under its jurisdiction. The Jockey Club can dismount a jockey, taboo a trainer, and ex- clude by edict any betting man from all the prin- cipal racecourses in the kingdom. It is, in fact, a sort of Venetian Council of Ten, nearly as secret, and quite as arbitrary; the judges being the stewards of the club, who are elected annually. The court held by these judges is supposed to be governed by the rules of a court of honour and the judges or stewards, having generally had to deal with men in the inferior position of jockeys and trainers, have had pretty much their own way but the other day, during what is commonly called the Csesarewitch week—the prize formerly given by the Crown Prince of Russia being rua in that week—the stewards of the Jockey Club met their match in Colonel Burnaby, of the Grenadier Guards, one of the Admirable Crichtons of the day. The ruling representative man of the Jockey Club is the Honourable Admiral Rous, a brother of Lord Stradbroke, an oracle on all racing matters, a heavy better, and a clever dogmatical man. Colonel Burnaby is one of the most distinguished officers of his rank, speaks all languages, has been employed on special service in Syria, fought in the Crimea, and is altogether a military man of mark, and at present his particular passion is racing and betting. He is in the prime of life. One of the professional turfites, a noisy fellow, raised a report that Colonel Burnaby, in a match of his mare Tarragona, had publicly made a sham bet-flash bet they call it at New- market-in her favour, and privately Employed a commissioner to bet against her. The end was an inquiry before the Jockey Club stewards, to which Colonel Burnaby and his friend were sum- moned. The first curious incident, and this has not been noticed by the sporting press, who re- ported the affair, was that Colonel Burnaby was accompanied by a gentleman in black. u Who is this ? said one of the stewards you cannot introduce a stranger here." This," said the colonel, is a short-hand writer. As I am about to be put on my trial, I mean to have the pro- ceedings correctly reported." This innovation was discussed, but the colonel was firm, and the: stewards had to yield to a claim so obviously just. Admiral Rous, as usual, took the chair. The next step of the colonel was to say, "I protest against any steward taking part in this inquiry who has expressed an opinion on it." As no one stirred, he continued, —— has said publicly, I I hate that fellow Burnaby, and 1 mean to put him down if I can. Blank Blank replied, passionately, I never said anything of the kind," Colonel Annesley," replied Colonel Burnaby, have you not heard Blank Blank use these words ? Yes, I have," answered the Honourable Colonel A. That was the sensation the second. Witnesses for what may be called the prosecution were then called, who thought, and suspected, and doubted, but proved nothing. Colonel Burnaby then denied on his honour that he had won on the match he asserted, on the contrary, that he had lost nearly £400, and told what bets he had. Admiral Rous called for the production of his betting-book, a most unheard of demand. It was immediately produced, when the admiral declared that here were traces of erasures and alterations. On this, at the colonel's request, the inquiry was adjourned to the next day. In the meantime he telegraphed for one of the Bank of England clerk experts, skilled in detecting falsifications. This gentleman, after examining the betting-book with powerful glasses, declared that there was not the slightest evidence of alteration or erasure. Colonel Burnaby then claimed that his self- elected judges should pronounce their opinion distinctly—say that they were satisfied, or, if not, what more they required. This part of the affair was adjourned. The general opinion is that Admiral Rous and his friend, the Duke of B-, have seriously damaged the character of the Jockey Club as a court of honour. L.' AmOIlgSt Hit; bigiltt U1 maj uc JLIutcu that at the last meeting of the Middlesex magis- trates a license was refused to the Cider Cellars, which, for something like a century, has been noted for songs of an objectionable description. Public taste will not stand what it did. It is not often that these notes refer to theolo- gical questions, but an extract from a work just published by the Bishop of Natal, has made so much sensation that I cannot pass it over. It appears that a native Zulu had been reading the record of the Deluge, and asked: "Is that all true? Do you really believe that all this happened thus -that all the beasts, and birds, and creeping things upon the earth, large and small, from hot countries and cold, came thus by pairs, and entered into the ark with Noah ? And did Noah gather food for them all, for the birds and beasts of prey, as well as the rest ? Upon this Bishop Colenso observes "I felt that I dared not, as a servant of s the God of truth, urge my brother man to believe i that which 1 do not myself believe, which I knew 1 to be untrue as a matter-of-fact historical narra- j tive." When we remember how a tumult was i created in Lord Melbourne's time by some very doubtful phrases of Dr. Hampden, since a bishop, < one is curious to learn what will happen to a ( bishop, who denies inspiration to the whole Book of Genesis ? One asks what next, and next ? One of the few practical reforms of last session has just come into work. The Land Transfer- office has just been opened, and the chief registrar, Mr. Spencer Follett, has now to bring it into working order. A proprietor who chooses to register his title in this office, when once it is accepted, has cut off all the trouble and expense of long investigations and long deeds. The first cost will, no doubt, be serious, but after that a man may sell or buy almost without a lawyer's assistance. The conveyance can be completed in about fifteen words beside the name of tke parties and the description of the place. To those who have had anything to do with buying, selling, or mortgaging land, especially those who buy small quantities, or want to borrow small sums, this act, when worked out, will be a great blessing but it will take time to drive the attorneys into this straight and narrow way. j What a curious place is London! Une hears oi distress, bad trade, cotton famine, and grumbling shop-keepers; and then go down to Brighton, and find the place crammed, hotels and boarding- houses full, and not a good furnished house to be had; the promenades crowded with highly- dressed folks, who do not seem to have a care in the world. Z. Z.
OUTLINES OF THE. WEEK. e VAST and important news have reached us, both from America and the European continent, during the past week. Another great and bloody battle has been fought at Corinth, which is said to have terminated in a com- plete victory for the Federals. We had hoped that there would have been a cessation of hostilities for a time, at least, until the Emancipation Bill proposed by Lincoln should have been put in force and we trusted that the interim would have been given to calm reflec- tion, and have ended with a reconciliation—but no War to the knife is still the cry, notwithstanding the difficulties and troubles each division are suffering. Brief as is the time which has elapsed since the publica- tion of the mancipation proclamation," the docu- ment has created a sensation in the South which shows how much the policy of the North is dreaded. It is emancipation, sadden and ^voluntary, that the South dread. Despite all that has been said of the fidelity of the negro, and his attachment to his Southern master, there is a latent fear amongst the owner3 that a promise of emancipation will drive the slaves into open rebellion. The Southern papers tell us that "thenegro is a savage unless he is kept under restraint." Give him his liberty," say they, "and he will abuse it. He must be kept where he [is, and how he is, if he is to be made useful. He must be kept down, otherwise he will be a rebellious and dangerous] subject." We may expect this language, of course, '.from Southern people, and it is not surprising that the proclamation has raised a storm of indignation In the Southern QiaOea. No terms," we are told, "are now possible between the North and the South." Mr. Lincoln, it is asserted, has, by a stroke of his pen, endeavoured to rob the South of their most valuable possessions, and that "he has been guilty of a gross violation of the usages of war." He has proclaimed a war of extermination, say they, and the South has accepted the proposal of extermination on the one side, or rain on the other. This violen t language shows in a. remarkable way what is the real issue of the struggle. It proves that the South is really alarmed about the position of its" domestic institution" It may not be true that the North is really fighting for the extinction of slavery, but it' is true that the South is fighting to preserve it. At the first mention of emancipation the Southerners are in a state of intense alarm not only the pre3s cries out against it, but the Southern Congress is filled with dread. Many mem- bers of the Congress. have proposed to hoist the blaek and give no quarter to the enemy and this proposition has been so seriously entertained as to be referred to the judiciary committee. It would appear, indeed, that the slave has few real friends, and that President Lincoln would never have sent forth the pro- clamation had he not been prompted by the force of circumstances. The name of freedom, however, has a charm to the poor slave, and if the pro- mise once reaches the plantations, if it is once known amongst the negroes that liberty is to be obtained at the price of revolution, the anxiety of the North and the fear of the South equally prove that the negro will accept the terms and strike a blow for his own freedom. AGAIN, the aspect of affairs in Italy cannot fail to j excite our attention and alarm. The enterprise of Garibaldi and its defeat by the Government have left behind them a painful feeling. But this is not the worst. The Italians have displayed a steady and patient patriotism throughout the difficulties of the last few years, which may well reassure us as to their capacity for bearing that which, in a greater or less degree, is a trial which every free State must expect to undergo. But for their assumed friend to become their bitterest enemy, is a blow which is hard to bear. The Emperor of the French has evidently determined that Italy shall not be in possession of Rome, and he has, in a. despotic manner, shown us that he will punish those under his power who will say otherwise. Great sensation was caused on the Paris Bourse last week, by the report that A 'I II 1"1.'1 all the ministers wno were lavourame to me cause oi Italy were about to resign, owing to the determination of the Emperor to maintain indefinitely the occupation of Rome. The next day, in the Government organ, appeared an ^Imperial decree accepting the resignation of M. Thouvenel as Minister of Foreign Affairs, and appointing M. Droaya de Lb ay 9 his successor; the retirement of the former ard the accession to power of the latter clearly indicate that the Emperor has resolved to stop at Rome, and that, conr-iquently, all the hopes entertained by Italy of gaining the Eteraal City for her [capital will be disappointed. This resolution is likely to create profound agitation in Italy, and it can hardly have the effect of strengthening the relations between France and England. AFFAIRS IN PRUSSIA have also reached a climay. Royalty and aristocracy have entered the field against the people the crisis ha.s arrived sooner than was anticipated, and what the next step may be, and the importance it may have, are only subjects of uncertain speculation. His Majesty had determined to increase the army, against the advice of the Lower Chamber; the aristocrats of the Upper House supported him. According to Prussian law, the Sovereign can act independently of his people in all matters except monetary affairs. Thus, though the Lower Chamber opposed, in every way in their power, the increase of the army, which was not needed (except that the Sovereign would be enabled to exert an extra authority over his subjects), the King determined it should be done, and endeavoured to show that his will was like "the law of the Medes and Persians." But another thing was needful to carry out his design-namely, money and for this grant he was compelled to ask the Lower Chamber, and they boldly refused it. The Chamber of Deputies entered their protest against the course pursued by the King and the Upper House, and declared it to be against the letter as well as the spirit of the Constitution, and thus dissolved. The King, rather than make the concessions demanded of him, attempted to raise taxes without the consent of those who have a right to be consulted, and justified his conduct only with the hope that he may get a more compliant Chamber, who would not only accede to his commands, but declare legal his un- constitutional proceedings. It is, however, believed that the new Chamber will be even stronger than the last, and rumours are afloat of a very serious nature. Even the King's abdication is hinted at; and opinions are expressed very strongly in favour of the Prince of Prussia, the husband of our Royal Princess. It is stated that he is a lover of freedom, and has incurred his Royal uncle's displeasure by disclosing his opinions. Independent of any family connection with this country, England looks with great interest on this struggle. It is the same she bad to contend with some two hundred years ago, which ended in the triumph of the people, and in the inauguration of a career of constitutional progress, that has made us great amongst the nations of the earth. THE Premier, the Chancellor of the Exchequer,.and t the Secretary at War, have each had something to say t during the past week. Lord Palmerston, with his usual tact, has managed to make a tolerably long and pleasing speech at the Hartley Institution ceremonial, without enlightening our minds either upon political or f educational matters. It is not at all surprising that his ( lordship should amuse his audience. His character is so well known that all his hearers are predisposed to laugh at anything which can be strained into a joke, and the Premier cannot be charged with not doing some- thing to keep up his reputation. The Bishop of Winchester, who was an old chum, very happily entered into the history of Lord Palmerston's college career, but the minister had a better memory than the bishop, and could recall incidents that the right rev. gentleman had forgotten when they were members of the "Fusty," and he humorously acquainted his audience with the origin of the title. The Premier would, perhaps, not take it as a compliment if he were told that this was the best part of his speech, for, besides this his lordship said nothing which everybody does not know, and which anybody would care to dispute. The Chancellor of the Exchequer has spoken with a different result. It may be said of him that he never makes a speech for its own sake. He has always something to say which is worth hearing or reading always some opinion to express which we can applaud or question. At York he called our attention to the fact that England's progress was not only material, but moral also; he compared our insti- tutions with those of the New World, and told us he was never one of t.hr>ee who believed that the latter were to be any improvement upon the former he warned Englishmen of the possibility; nf Liberal insti- tutions here being retarded; by the failure of those in America, and showed us that 'this failure was not because the principles themselves were false, but because they had to contend with, and were defeated by, principles of an opposing "character. His speech em- braced a variety of subjects, and his eloquence quite electrified his audience. ON Monday Catherine Wilson paid the penalty of her crimes on the scaffold at Newgate, There was but little difference between the scene outside the gaol and • i• i -_1-:1- J ¡,t.1'Io. nn. IT;nrl tbat at previous dismai exjiiuiuuns uifluuc A.u*ua There was the same gathering of ruffianism and har- lotry the same coarse badinage passed about, and the same amount of thieving took place under the very shadow of the gallows. Some thirty thousand persons had assembled for what [purpose ?— to see a woman strangled. Oh shame upon the morbid taste of the age that such a thing should interest the mind, or that any pleasurable sensation can be derived from the sight of such an exhibition. If any who state that a public execution acts as an example or terror to others could have seen the motley group that were in front of Newgate gaol on Monday, heard their coarse and brutal language, with drunkenness and de- bauchery on all sides, he would perhaps think that the evil far preponderated over the good.
FEARFUL RAILWAY COLLISION. Sixmoredeaths.-One Hundred and Fifty Inj ured. Later intelligence as to this lamentable occurrence shows the effects to have been more serious than had been at first announced. The total number of deaths an. nounced up to the present time amounts to seventeen; the number of those more or less seriously injured being stated so high as one hundied and fifty; and amongst so many it is feared that several more may yet reach a fatal result. The details of scalds, fractures, contusions, and internal injuries are of the usual character "-a sad summing up of what is terrible to read-what to wit- ness ?—what to endure ? A gentleman, writing to a friend in Edinburgh from the scene of the accident on Tuesday forenoon, says The skin of a man's hand was pointed out to me peeled off like a rag, with the nails attached. I also noticed the sleeve of a lady's dress, fastened to a part of the boiler. Two young children are left in a house here, the mother being killed and the father having both his legs taken off." This is indeed but one lot of the long catalogue. The damage to plant by the destruction of the two engines and the carriages'has been estimated at about £ 5.000. The pointsman, Newton, to whose oversight the terrible ] catastrophe is attributed, was taken into custodjr by the Linlithgow police. It is rumoured that Newton was only appointed to the charge of the points at this part of the line half an hour previous to the collision. On Thursday, Captain Taylor, government inspector of railways, proceeded to Linlithgow and made a setrch- ing investigation into the cause of the accident, having at the Star and Garter Hotel examined great numbers of persons in the course of the day. He also obtained access, through the sanction of Sheriff Home, to the pointsman Newton in prison, whom he examined. There being, however, no others present in the cell, the result of the investigation has not transpired. No deaths have taken place at Linlithgow. All the passengers injured by the recent collision on the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway who were taken to the Infirmary are still progressing favourably on the whole, though severe of them continue in a very pre- carious state. Among those who were killel on the spot was Mr. John Wightman, who had in h's possession a ticket to Larbert. Mr. Wightman belonged to Lauder, whera he was farm-manager to the Earl of Lauderdale. He had business at Falkirk Tryst, but was going to Larbert to see a married daughter on his way. A correspon- dent, writing from Lauder, says :_H He was a most re- ar e stable man, and is very mush regretted by the Earl and all here. He was going by the previous train, but waited for the shepherd and missed it. He took the next, and lost his life." One of the partners of the firm of Hammond, Turner, and Co., of Birmingham, for whom Mr. E. S. Bolton travelled, came through to Linlithgow on Wednesday, and took possession of the property which had been taken from the person of his deceased friend by the police previous to his body being sent to Glasgow. There is a singular and melancholy circumstance connected with Mr. Bolton's death. He had applied for an as- surance policy, and was examined by the medical agent of the company in Edinburgh on the very day of the accident. His intention was to have gone by the two o'clock, but was delayed in consequence of having to un- dergo the delay of a medical examination—the delay of a few hours thus costing him his life. What makes his fate the more deplorable to his family is, that though he left on the understanding that he would be accepted when the report was given in to the head office of the company, and had left money with a friend to pay the premium, he met with his death before the policy had been accepted bv the office. Mr. and Mrs. Fletcher Merrilees, 101, George-street, were in the train coming to Edinburgh, in a compart- ment of a first-class carriage, in which the seats oppo- site were vacant. They were both thrown against the opposite sides of the cushioned carriage, and escaped with almost no injury except abrasion of the legs. Mr. Merrilees, in common with several other passengers, states that he heard no noise from the shock itself, and that a dead silence prevailed for several seconds. This impression may probably be attributed to the stunning effects of the shock upon the senses. Apart from the destruction of the company's property occasioned by the accident, the value of which is set down at jE5,000, they have also suffered to a considerable extent by the depreciation of their shares in the market, and by the diminution in their passenger traffic since the of the peacebreakers. The 1st Cheshire Engineers over came the difficulties by burying their side arms and ammunition in a pit, while the nipples were removed from the rifles, thus rendering them useless as firearms. Superintendent Hammond and the detective Burgess, who were so violently maltreated, are both progressing favourably, and strong hopes are entertained of their ultimate recovery. The lapse of time has revealed a IT, uch longer list of casualties, but, though the injuries in some cases have been severe and most wanton in their infliction, none are anticipated to be of a fatal character. On Friday, Major Greig, head constable, and Mr. F. A. Cliaut, chairman of the Liverpool Watch Committee visited the scene of the riot, for the purpose of considering the arrangements most likely to be effective in case of any further outrages.
VIOLENT STORM, SHIPWRECKS, AND LOSS OF LIFE. The equinoctial gales have set in with more than usual severity. The changeable state of the weather in the course of last week indicated the approach of a storm, and on Saturday, about noon, the wind gradually got up from the south-west, with heavy rain, and continued to increase until late in the evening. There was then a lull, but on Sunday afternoon the gale again burst forth with increased fury, and as dusk set in it raged with the force of almost a hurricane, accompanied by torrents of rain. The greatest pressure was between nine and eleven o'clock p.m. on Sunday, as registered by the anemometer of the meteorological department of the Board of Trade. The gale has told with very disastrous effect upon the shipping on various points of the coast, and several heavy and fatal losses are reported. Lloyd's agent reports two ships to have gone down at their anchors and the fate of the crews uncertain. The ship Elizabeth, bound to Belize from London, is also stated to have foundered, and it is feared with some of her crew on board. The barque Trio, from Saffi for London, suffered so severely from the fury of the storm and the sea breaking over her that she went down at her anchors, but providentially the crew are reported to have been able to save themselves in the boats. A large fleet of disabled vessels have put back some have gone into Ramsgate, and others have returned to the Thames. Below the South Foreland the same fearful weather was encountered; and at the back of the Isle of Wight, in Chale Bay, a few miles to the westward of St. Cathe- rine Point, a dreadful shipwreck is reported to have happened during the terriffic weather of Sunday night. The eastern coast has also suffered severely. Several vessels are reported to have been lost on Sizewell Bank. A long and disastrous list of casualties have been sent up from Yarmouth and Lowestoft. Several coasters have been wrecked. A fleet of distressed vessels put into Lowes- toft and Yarmouth. uave Deen received from _6- the more northern ports. On Saturday afternoon Admiral Fitzroy sent a storm warning down the Tyne that dangerous winds might be expected from the southward; but, notwithstanding this warning, a considerable number of collier vessels put to sea, and fearfully they have paid for their temerity; for since nightfall of Sunday occurred one of the most terrible hurricanes experienced on this coast for many years. Fortunately, it blew off the coast, instead of on, else the coast, no doubt, would have been strewn with wrecks. As it is, the havoc that has been committed has been very serious. The tempest came on between nine and ten o'clock on Sunday night from W.S.W., and when it was at its height, about a quarter past twelve, raged from W. and. by S. A heavy fall of rain came on at that time, and after' that the storm considerably moderated, but the weather has still a wild and roving appearance, the wind blowing from the W.N.W., in heavy squalls. As the storm began to increase in violence, lights were observed flashing in the offing, and the powerful steamboat belong- ing to the Tyne pilots put out to sea with a number of their hardy seamen aboard, and they succeeded in placing manv of them on board of vessels, who would prove valuable helps on board of those ships when they were blown out to sea, as the tempest got to its height. Of those vessels there is not much cause for alarm; but with regard to the fleet of laden colliers which put out to sea on Saturday afternoon, in the face of the storm warning hoisted in their harbour, there is the greatest i i 1.i\r\ HO 'IN-nO me navoctnat, ims umu v— -.7 -.1 I the storm is fearful to contemplate. Tha wind swept down the reaches with awful violence, and from New- castle Quay to the Bar the shores are strewn with wrecks. Abeve Bill Point a number of craft lie sunk, and the manufacturers have suffered great damage through sheds and buildings having been blown down. In the Northumberland Dock the injury done to the shipping amounts to many hundreds of pounds. A large full-rigged ship broke her moorings, and drove from the high part to the low part of the dock, sweeping all before her. A large amount of damage has also been done in the Tyne Dock by vessels breaking loose. A laden vessel is sunk at the Bradling Drops, and other seious damage is done there. The spires of Tynemouth and Felling churches, and a chapel at North Shields New Cemetery, have been blown down; and three new houses in the latter town have been entirely demolished.
MELANCHOLY INTERRUPTION OF A WEDDING. An inquiry was held by Air. H. Raffles Walthew, the deputy-coroner, at the Lord Liverpool tavern, Mile-end, respecting the death of Richard Thompson, aged 50 years, who expired suddenly on Wednesday last owing to ex- citement consequent on the intended marriage of his daughter. Miss Eliza Thompson said that her marriage was fixed to take place on the morning in question, and that when she attired herself in her wedding dress she went into the parlour to show herself to her father. He seemed to become at once greatly excited, and almost immediately fell on the floor. She screamed for help, and Mr. Church, to whom she was about to be married, ran in, and lifted him on to a chair, and Dr. Tainton was sent for. Witness immediately put off the marriage, as her father appeared to be in a dying state, and he died in four hours. Mr. D. Church gave similar evidence. Dr. Tainton said that the deceased diea from effusion on the brain, produced no douTot by 11le excitement con- sequent on seeing his daughter in her bridal dress as described. The Coroner said that the circumstances of the death of the deceased were peculiarly affecting. He had lately presided in a somewhat similar but more painful case at Tottenham, in which the parent of the bride hanged him- self" in a moment of insanity brought about by the ex- citement on the evening before the marriage. The daughter, however, did not display the good feeling evinced by the parties in the present case, becausa she caused the marriage to be proceeded with, and she was, at the instance of the jurv, obliged to attend attired as she was in her wedding dress to give evidence as to the cause of her father's suicide. The jury returned a verdict That Richard Thompson died from apoplexy from excitement."
ITALY TURIN, OCT. 19. The news of the escape of M. Cienatiempo from prison is confirmed. The rumour of the resignation of the Cabinet is un- founded.. It is asserted that the Italian Parliament will re- assemble yery shortly. The Discussione of this evening, in an article intitled Why we do not go to Rome," reviews the policy of Cavour, and then that of Ricasoli, who," it continues^ even after the disagreement with the Emperor Napoleon, continued to delude Italy with the hope of a speedy evacuation of Rome. "These precedents compelled Rattazzi from the begin- ning to follow the same course. The Discussione concludes that it is not the fault of Rattazzi if too much has been hoped for, and says, in conclusion — "At present it is not by a ministerial crisis, but by concord between all the fractions of the moderate liberal party, that the strength and moral authority can be given to Italy which will cause entire justice to be rendered her by France and Europe." The Gazetta di Torino of Oct. 20, in an article on the circular of M. Drouyn de L'Huys, declares that the policy indicated in the letter of the Emperor of the French to M. Thouvenel has not been changed. It recalls the passages of the latter most favourable to Italy. The Italia does not consider that the Emperor Napoleon desires to close to Italy the way to Rome. It is of opinion that the Emperor perhaps wishes to gain time for the accomplishment of some project which occupies his mind. The health of Garibaldi continues to occasion much uneasiness.
• FRANCE. The Patrie of Oct. 15 says :—" Rumours of a change in the ministry having given rise to various conjectures, we can state for certain that the only question agitated is the cabinet is that of the elections, which the Emperor has fjrmally declared will only take place at the period fixed by the constitution." The Moniteur of October 16 publishes a decree appoint- ing M. Drouyn de L'Huys Minister of Foreign Affairs, in place of M. Thouvenel, whose resignation has beea accepted. The Presse publishes a dispatch from Rome stating that the rumour of the resignation of Cardinal Antonelli and M. de Merode acquires consistency.
HER MAJESTY'S VISIT TO BRUSSELS. Queen Victoria arrived at Brussels on October 18tb, at 9 o'clock, with Princesses Helena, Louise, and Bea- trice, and Princes Arthur and Leopold. The Queen was attended by Earl Russell, Lieutenant- General Grey, Lady Bruce, and suite. Her Majesty was received at the Lacken station by the Belgian Royal Family, the English Ambassador, and other distinguished personages, and conducted to the King of the Belgians at the palace of Lacken. BRUSSELS, OCT. 20.-The departure of her Majesty Queen Victoria, intended to take place yesterday, was suddenly deferred, in consequence of a. telegram an- nouncing that the sea was dangerous to traverse. Her Majesty was again retained to-day at Lacken by the same causa. One of the Royal Princes, with his suite,, has already left Antwerp.
AMERICA. NEW YORK, OCT. 7. The Confederates, under General Price and Van Dorn,. supposed to number 40,000, attacked the Federal General Rosencranz, on the 3rd, at Corinth, Mississippi. The fighting lasted two days. General Rosencranz reported officially^ on the 5th, that the rebels were repulsed with great slaughter. He says: The enemy is in full retreat, leaving his dead and wounded. The loss is serious on the Federal side, particularly in officers, but bears no com- parison with that of the enemy. Seven hundred Con- federate prisoners captured." The latest reports state that the pursuit was favourable, and that the enemy could not escape without losing everything but their small arms. Southern papers say that the Federals are again pre- paring to move on Richmond viA Fredericksburgh. Deserters and scouts report that the Confederates ar« falling back in the direction of Richmond. The Confederates have evacuated Frankfort, Kentucky The Federals are advancing on Frankfort. Feaeral commissioned or non-commissioned officers, when captured, shall be kept at.Hard labour until tne termi- nation of the war, or the repeal of President Lincoln's emancipation proclamation. Federal white officers training or commanding negroes on military enterprises against the Confederate States, or inciting slaves to rebellion, or pretending to free them under Lincoln's pro- clamation, shall, if captured, suffer death. NEW YORK, OCT. 8.. General M'Clellan has issued a general order to the trcops,, referring to President Lincoln's emancipation proclamation. He says:— The fundamental rule of republican government is that armed forces are raised enly to sustain the civil authorities, and are to be held in strict subordination to .them. The discussion by officers and soldiers of Govern- ment measures, when carried beyond a temperate ex- pression of opinion, tends to destroy discipline by substituting political faction for that steady support of Government which is the highest duty of the American soldier. In carrying out the measures of the Govern- ment the army will be guided by the same mercy and Christianity which have always controlled its conduet towards the defenceless."
TERRIBLE PIT ACCIDENT. Four Men Killed. A very melancholy accident happened on Friday after- noon last at the New Priestfield Colliery, Willenhall, abouj three miles from Wolverhampton, which resulted in the instantaneous and frightful death of four men. The colliery is the property of Mr. Henry Ward, iron- master, by whom it is being worked. At about half-past four on the day mentioned five men, named respectively Farshaw, aged 32, Michael Curty, aged 27, Thomas Lewis, aged 38, John Ginty, aged 26, and a young man named Edward Evans, were all ascending to the sur- face of the earth up the shaft of a stone pit. They were all riding in a cage locally termed a tackie, which was attached to the winding chain. Over this cage was a temporary roof or II bonnet;" formed of plate iron, and used as a protec- tion to the men, when they go down or come up a pit, from any accident through the falling upon them of anything from above. This shaft was about 80 yards deep, and the men had reached to about the centre, when there came upon them with fearful force a massive skip," constructed PriDC'P^Jy to convey the minerals to the surface. The 'skip" had suddenly fallen from the brink of the shaft, and had acquired au immense momentum from the distance that it. had fallen. It would seem to have continued its course against the side of the shaft, inasmuch as it did not alight upon the roof of the tackle." The men, however, who were beneath the roof were not removed from danger, for the "skip" came upon them, and that, too, with such terrible violence that four of the five were mutilated corpses iustantaneously upon the concussion, and the sides of the shaft were dis- figured with sickening evidences of the terrible reality. The fifth man (Evans), who was on the opposite side of the cage to that occupied by his companions, happily escaped with only a slight bruise on the temple; but he had to cling to a portion of tha machinery by the "tackle" to save himself from being preci- pitated with his even then lifeless companions to the bottom of the shaft. Men descended to the bottvCi as speedily as possible, and performed the distressing duty of collecting together the scattered and quivering re- mains of their deceased comrades, and sending them to the surface in as decent a manner as the circumstances would permit o". By this accident three women have been made widows, and ten children orphans. The colliery is usually a well-regulated one, no expense being spared to work it without accidents happening. On the surface the skips a-J other similar machinery are under the care of the banksman. In this case the banksman says that by the wind, which was blowing a stiff breeze at'the time, the skip was impelled over the mouth of the shaft. On Saturday the inquest was formally opened before Mr. T. M. Phillips the coroner for Wolver- hampton. When sufficient evidence had been given to justify the mterment of the corpses, the inquiry was ad- journed.
MAI-ZENA,—The only "Prize MQdal" Corn Flour; two medals awarded. Jurors' report," Exceedingly excellent. TRY IT cheap as any. Grocers, chemists, &c., sell it.